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Mauritanian Traditional Polities


Note: This record concerns the four principal tribal confederations.

Adrar

1886 - 1909                Spanish protectorate.
 9 Jan 1909                French protectorate.
1740                       Adrar confederation founded.

Emirs
.... - ....                `Uthman wuld Fadil
.... - ....                Sidi Ahmad wuld `Uthman "wuld `Ayda" 
.... - ....                Muhammad wuld `Uthman
.... - 1871                Ahmad wuld Sidi Ahmad 
1871 - 1891                Sidi Ahmad wuld Muhammad "wuld `Ayda" 
1891 - 1899                Mukhtar Ahmad wuld Sidi Ahmad 
1899 - 1909                Shaykh al-Hasana 
1909 - 1913                Sidi Ahmad wuld Ahmad `Ayda (1st time) 
1913 - 19..                Vacant 
19.. - Mar 1932            Sidi Ahmad wuld Ahmad `Ayda (2nd time)


Brakna

bf.1600                    Brakna confederation founded by Awlad `Abd Allah
                             lineage of Awlad Hassan dynasty.
c.1790                     Awlad Siyad lineage replaces Awlad `Abd Allah.
18 Oct 1904                Emir's authority de-recognized by French authorities.
 6 May 1912                Emir's authority nominally restored.

Emirs
c.1650                     Nurmash
.... - 1728                Muhammad al-Hiba
1728 - 1762                Ahmad al-Hiba
1762 - 17..                Ahmayda
1766 - 1800                Muhammad wuld Mukhtar               (d. 1800)
1800 - Jan 1818            Sidi `Ali wuld Mukhtar              (d. 1818)
Jan 1818 - 1841            Ahmad wuld Sidi `Ali I              (d. 1841)
1841 - 1843                Sidi Mukhtar wuld Sidi Muhammad     (d. 1893)
                           - later jointly with -
1842 - 1851                Muhammad al-Rajal wuld Mukhtar
1851 - Dec 1858            Sidi Muhammad wuld Muhammad         (d. 1858)
Dec 1858 - 1893            Sidi `Ali wuld Ahmad
1893 - Dec 1903            Ahmad wuld Sidi `Ali II
Dec 1903 - 18 Oct 1904     Muhammad wuld Muhammad
Dec 1903 - 28 Oct 1910     Shaykh Mahl Aynin (in rebellion)    (b. 1840 - d. 1910)
 6 May 1912 - 1919         Ahmad al-Hayba wuld Muhammad        (b. c.1870 - d. 1919)
                             (in rebellion from 28 Oct 1910)

1919                       Talib Hiyar
1919 -  7 Apr 1934         Muhammad al-Mustafa Murabbih
                             Rabbuh wuld Muhammad


Taganit

c.1580                     Taganit confederation founded by Idaw `Ish dynasty.
1905                       French protectorate.
1820                       Dynasty split into Abakak and Shratit lineages.

Emirs
c.1595 - c.1730            .... [unknown]
c.1730 - 1785              Muhammad Shayin
1785 - 1820                Muhammad al-Bakr ibn Muhammad
                             Shayn

- (1) Abakak lineage -
1820 - 1831                Suwaydi Ahmad
1831 - 1836                Muhammad Shayn
1836 -  1 Apr 1905         Bakkar ibn Suwaydi Ahmad           (d. 1905)
 1 Apr 1905 - 1905         `Uthman ibn Bakkar
1905 - Aug 1918            Vacant
Aug 1918 - 1948?           `Abd ar-Rahman ibn Bakkar
.... - Feb 2003            `Uthman ibn `Abd ar-Rahman         (d. 2003)
                             (Ethmane Ould Abderrahmane)
Feb 2003 -                 Muhammad ibn `Abd ar-Rahman        (b. 1926)
                             (Mohamed Ould Abderrahmane)
- (2) Shratit lineage -
1820 - 18..                Mukhtar ibn Muhammad al-Bakr
18.. - 18..                Ahmad Daya
c.1860                     Rasul


Trarza

c.1640                     Trarza confederation founded.
15 Dec 1902                French protectorate.

Emirs
c.1660 - 1703              Addi I
1703 - 1727                Ali Sandura
1727 - c.1758              `Umar
c. 1758 - 17..             Mukhtar wuld `Umar
17.. - 17..                Muhammad Babana
17.. - 17..                Addi II
1795 - 1800                `Umar wuld Mukhtar "wuld Kumba"
1800 - 1827                `Umar wuld Mukhtar
                             [distinct from preceding]
1827 - 1860                Muhammad wuld `Umar al-Habib       (d. 1860)
1860 - Jul 1871            Sidi Mubayrika wuld Muhammad       (d. 1871)
Jul 1871 - 1873            Ahmad Salum wuld `Umar             (d. 1873)
1873 - Oct 1886            `Ali Dyombot wuld Muhammad         (d. 1886)
Oct 1886 - Dec 1886        Muhammad Fadil wuld `Ali           (d. 1886)
Dec 1886 - 1891            `Umar Salum wuld `Umar             (d. 1893)
1891 - 18 Apr 1905         Ahmad Salum wuld `Ali              (d. 1905)
bf.1903                    Muhammad Salum wuld Ibrahim
                             (in rebellion)
1903 - 1917                Shaykh Sa`d wuld Muhammad Fadil    (d. 1917)
1917 - 1932                Shaykh Khalifa wuld Sa`d           (d. 1932)
1932 - 1958                Vacant?
1958 -                     Muhammad Fadil wuld `Umayr








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