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Madagascar Traditional States



Ambohidratrimo (Ambohidratima)

c.1300                     Ambohidratrimo (Ambohidratima) kingdom
1797                       United with Ambohimanga (Imernia).

Kings (personal names in parentheses)
c.1710 - 1737              Andriantompoinimerina I 
c.1737 - 1747              Andriantrimonibemihisatra 
c.1747 - 17..              Andriamanananimerina 
17.. - 17..                Andriantompoinimerina II
17.. - 17..                Andriambelo
17.. - 17..                Andriambelononana 
Queens
17.. - 17..                Ramanandrianjaka (Ravorambato
)
17.. - 1797                Rabehety (Andriantompoimrinamandimby 
                             Rambolamasoandro)



Ambohimanga (Imernia)
[Imerina
                            flag]
                  c.1810  - c.1881
[Madagascar
                            French Protectorate 1885-1896]
                 c.1881 - 6 Aug 1896
c.1675                     Ambohimanga kingdom under the Imernia (or Mernia) dynasty.
1797                       Most of Madagascar united under Imernia dynasty.
23 Oct 1817                King Radama I of Imerina, having conquered 
                             practically the whole island, enters into a
                             treaty of friendship and peace with Britain in
                             which he is recognized as king of Madagascar.
                             Kingdom of Madagascar.
 6 Aug 1896                Kingdom of Imerina under French protectorate.
28 Feb 1897                French Madagascar colony.

Kings (personal names in parentheses)
c.1675 - c.1710            Andriamasinavalona 
c.1710 - c.1730            Andriantsimitoviaminiandriandrazaka   (d. c.1730)
c.1730 - c.1770            Andriambelomasina                     (d. c.1770)
c.1770 - 1787              Andrianjafy (Andrianjafinandriamanitra)
1787 - 1810                Andrianampoinmerina (Ramboasalama)    (b. c.1745 - d. 1810)
1810 - 27 Jul 1828         Radama I "the Great" (Lehidama)       (b. 1792 - d. 1828)
27 Jul 1828 - 28 Feb 1897  the rulers of Madagascar



Boina (Ibonia)

[Boina flag]

c.1690                     Boina kingdom
c.1820                     Becomes a tributary of Imernia/Madagascar.
1832 - 18..                Occupied by Madagascar.
1840                       Annexed by Madagascar.

Kings (personal names in parentheses)
c.1690 - 1720              Andriamandisoarivo (Tsimanata) 
c.1720 - 1730              Andrianamboniarivo 
c.1730 - 1760              Andriamahatindriarivo 
c.1760 - 1767              Andrianahilitsy 
1767 - 1770                Andrianiveniarivo 
1770 - 1771                Andrianihoatra 
1771 - 1777                Andrianikeniarivo 
Queens
1777 - 1778                Andrianaginarivo
1778                       Tombola
c.1778 - 1808              Ravahiny
1808 - 1822?               Tsimalomo
1808                       Maka Andrianaresy (f)
                             (pretender)

King
1822 - 1832                Andriantsoly                          (d. 1846) 
1828 - 1829                Queen Oantitsy -Regent
Queens
1832 - 1836                Queen Oantitsy -Regent
1836 - 1840                Tsiomeko                           (b. 1828 - d. 1843) 



Menabe (Volamena dynasty)

[Menabe flag]

c.1685                     Menabe kingdom, along the Sakalava River, under 
                             Volamena dynasty.
1834                       Annexed by Madagascar.

Kings (personal names in parentheses)
c.1685 - 1710              Andriamanetriarivo (Trimanongarivo) 
c.1774 - 1794              Andrianamboatsimarofy
c.1710 - ....              ....
.... - ....                ....
.... - ....                Ratrimolahi
.... - 1812                Andriantsoarivo (Miakala) 
1812 - 1834                Ramitraho                             (d. 1834) 
1834                       Rainasa 
1834                       Kelisambay (pretender)                (d. 1837) 


Bemihisatra

Queens
1869 - 1881               Safy Mozongo
1881 - 1923               Binao
King
1923 - 1963               Amada I



Tananarive

c.1710                    Tananarive kingdom
1794                      Annexed to Ambohimanga (Imernia).

Kings
c.1710 - 1727             Andrianjakanavalomandimby 
c.1727 - 1747             Andrianamponimerina 
c.1747 - 1767             Andrianavalonibemihisatra 
c.1767 - 1774             Andriamabalohery 
c.1774 - 1794             Andrianamboatsimarofy



Betsileo States in Southeast and Central Madagascar

Anrindrano (Vohibato)
 

17..                       Andrindrano (Vohibato) kingdom
18..                       Conquered by Ambohimanga (Imernia).

Kings
17.. - ....                Ralainony I 
.... - ....                Andriambelonandro I 
.... - ....                Raonimamina
.... - ....                Ranarorahoaka
c. 1810 - ....             Andriambelonandro II 
                           + Ralainony II


Fisakana

17..                       Fisakana kingdom
18..                       Conquered by Ambohimanga (Imernia).

Kings
17.. - 17..                Rahenry 
17.. - 1785                Rivoekembahoaka I 
c.1785 - ....              Andriandriana
c.1800 - ....              Rivoekembahoaka II 


Isandra

17..                       Isandra kingdom
1810                       Conquered by Ambohimanga (Imernia).

Kings
17..- ....                 Ralambovitaony 
.... - ....                Ramasimbanonony 
.... - ....                Andriamanalina I "the Great"
c.1790 - ....              Andriamanalina II 
.... - 1810                Andriamanalina III 


Lalangina

17..                       Lalangina kingdom
1810                       Conquered by Ambohimanga (Imernia).

Kings 
17.. - ....                Rahasamanarivo 
.... - ....                Andrianomindranarivo
.... - 1805                Raindratsara                           (d. 1805) 
1805 - ....                Anriambavizanaka                       (d. af.1828) 


Mananddriana

16..                       Mananddriana kingdom
....                       Conquered by Ambohimanga (Imernia).

Kings
16.. - ...                 Andrianitanosy
.... - ....                Andrianantara I 
.... - ....                Andrianantara II
c.1794 - ....              Andrianantara III



Antakarana

[flag of the Antakarana
                Royalty]
            Adopted c.1697/1750

....                       Antakarana kingdom
1843 - 1891                French protectorate.
1895                       Incorporated into French Madagascar colony.

Kings
.... - ....                Kazobe
.... - ....                .....
1710 - c.1750              Andriantsirotso 
.... - ....                Lamboina 
.... - ....                Tshimbola 
1812 - 1825                Tsialana I 
1825 - 1882                Tsimiharo                             (d. 1882) 
1882 - 1895                Tsialana II                           (b. 1837 - d. 1924) 



Bara

16..                       Bara kingdom under the Zafimaniry dynasty.
18..                       Annexed to Imernia/Madagascar.

Kings
17... - 17..               Rabiby
c.1750 - ....              Andriamanely II 
c.1800 - 18..              Ndriantompoinairivo 
c.1837 - 18.               Tonanahary  (in Ranohitra [Barabé])
c.1837 - 18..              Ratsimivila (in Bara-Imamono) 
c.1837 - 18..              Ramasoandro (in Ivohibe [Bara-Iantsantsa]) 



Imamo

c.1590                     Imamo kingdom

Kings
c.1620 - ....              Andriambahoaka II, at Ambonihaza 
c.1796 - ....              Andriamary (in West) 
                           + Andriampoetsakarivo (in East)



Tamatave (Betsimisaraka)
 
[Betsimisiraka/Tamatave first flag]
   Jul 1750 - 18 Aug 1819?
[Betsimisiraka/Tamatave 1819-1822]
              18 Aug 1819 - 1822
[Betsimisiraka/Tamatave 1822-1826]
                     1822 - 1826
[Betsimisiraka/Tamatave 1826-1828]
                      1826 - 1828
1712                      Betsimisaraka kingdom
26 Jul 1750               Île de Sainte-Marie de Madagascar ceded to France.
1803                      In decline occupies only region of Fenerive.
1811 - 18 Feb 1811        British occupation of Tamatave.
1817                      Vassal of Imernia (later Madagascar).
1828                      Annexed by Madagascar.

King
1712 - 1750               Ramaromanompo (Ratsimilaho)        (d. 1750) 
Queen
1750 - 1754               Bety -Queen                        (d. 1772) 

                           (French prisioner to 1753)
                           - jointly with -
Kings
1750 - 1767               Zanahary (Jean Onesime Filet)      (d. 1767)

1767 - 1791               Iavy 
1791 - 1803               Zakavola 
1803 - 18 Feb 1811        Anarchy
Feb 1811 - 1826           Jean René
1826 - 1828               ....


Tanibe

  [Tanibe flag]                  
                        1822 - 1828

20 Mar 1822               Tanibe kingdom
1828                      Annexed by Madagascar.

King
20 Mar 1822 - 1828        Jacques Glond



Antogil (Louisbourg)

[Antongil flag]

11 Feb 1774                Kingdom of Antongil proclaimed by Hungarian adventurer.
23 May 1786                Terminated by France.

Commander
11 Feb 1774 - 23 May 1786  Maurice Auguste de Beinowsky      (b. 1746 - d. 1786)








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