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Botswana Traditional states


Note: This record refers to the "eight principal tribes"; all except the baMalete are ethnic baTswana, and their ruling lines are genealogically related. Other baTswana tribes and segments of tribes are recorded under South African traditional states. Forms of names in 
(parentheses) are "Europeanized" forms used in extra-tribal contexts.


baRlng

c.1470                     baRlng bTshidi segment separates from other baRlng segments 
                             (for which see South African traditional states).
23 Mar 1885                British protectorate (as part of Bechuanaland).
1935                       Barolong reserve created.
30 Sep 1966                Part of independent Republic of Botswana.

Chiefs (title Kgsi)
.... - c.1700              Setlhare
c.1700                     Masepha
.... - ....                Mokgopha
.... - ....                Thibela
.... - c.1760              Tau                                (d. c.1760)
c.1760 - c.1775            Tshidi a Tau (Ratshidi)            (d. c.1775)
c.1775 - c.1785            Thutlwa a Tshidi                   (d. c.1785)
c.1785 - c.1790            Makgtla a Tau (acting)            (d. c.1790)
c.1790 - 1815              Lesomo a Tshidi (acting)           (b. 17.. - d. 1818)
1815 - 1848                Tawana a Tlhutlwa                  (b. c.1775 - d. 1849)
1848 - 1849                Makgtla a Tshidi (acting)
1849 - 19 Oct 1896         Montshiwa a Tau                    (b. 1815 - d. 1896)
1896 - 1903                Bsl I a Montshiwa (Wessels)     (d. 1903)
                             (acting)
1903 - 1911                Badirile a Montshiwa (acting)      (d. 1911)
1911 - 1915                Lekk a Marumolwa (acting)
1915 - 1917                Joshua a Molma (acting)
1917 - 1919                Bakolopang a Montshiwa (acting)    (d. 1919)
1919 - 1954                Lotlamoreng I a Kebalepile
                             a Montshiwa
1954 - 19..                Tigo Tawana a Selere (acting)
19.. - 1971                Kebalepile a Lotlamoreng           (d. 1971)
                             (Kebalepile Montshiwa)
1971 - 1974                Kgosigadi Neonyana (f)(regent)
1971 - 1977                Bsl II a Kebalepile             (b. 19.. - d. 2001)
                             (Besele Montshiwa) (1st time)
1977 - 1982                Thshipikgano Motlhatledi
                             ("Tribal Authority")
1982 - 17 Jun 2001         Bsl II a Kebalepile             (s.a.)
                             (Besele Montshiwa)(2nd time)
23 Feb 2002 -              Lotlamoreng II                     (b. 1975)
                             (Lotlamoreng Montshiwa)



baKwna

c.1570                     baKwna tribe established.
23 Mar 1885                British protectorate (as part of Bechuanaland).
1899                       Bakwena reserve created.
30 Sep 1966                Part of independent Republic of Botswana.

Chiefs (title Kgsi)
.... - ....                Tebele
c.1700                     Kgabo II
.... - ....                Masilo II
.... - c.1770              Motshodi                           (d. c.1770)
c.1770 - c.1785            Motswasele I a Lekgwajane          (d. c.1785)
c.1785 - c.1795            Seitlhamo a Motswasele             (d. c.1795)
c.1795 - c.1803            Legwale a Seitlhamo                (d. c.1803)
1803 - 1805                Maleke a Seitlhamo (acting)
1805 - 1807                Tshosa a Seitlhamo (acting)        (d. c.1828?)
1807 - 1822                Motswasele II a Legwale            (b. c.1785 - d. 1822)
1822 - 1827                Morwakgomo a Tshosa                (d. 1828)
- Split into three segments (1827-53):
(1)
1827 - 1834                Kgama a Legwale                    (d. c.1834)
(2)
1827 - 1845                Bobi a Tshosa                      (d. 1845)
1845 - 1853                Kgakge a Tshosa
(3)
1827 - 1829                Segokotlo a Legwale (acting)       (d. 1829)
1829 - 1831                Moles a Legwale (acting)          (d. 1831)
1831 - 1853                Setshele I a Motswasele            (b. c.1815 - d. 1892)
                             "Rra Mokonopi"
- reunited -
1853 - 25 Sep 1892         Setshele I a Motswasele            (s.a.)
                             "Rra Mokonopi"
1892 - 23 Jan 1911         Sebele I a Setshele                (b. 1840/45 - d. 1911)
1911 - 1918                Setshele II Kealeboga a Sebele     (b. 1875 - d. 1918)
1918 - 1931                Sebele II Kelebantse a Setshele    (b. 1892 - d. 1939)
 5 Jun 1931 - 1962         Kgari I a Setshele (acting to 195.)(b. 1904 - d. 1962)
1963 - 21 Sep 1970         Neale a Baruti (Neale Sechele)     (b. 1916 - d. 1985)
Oct 1970 - Jan 1978        Bonewamang a Padi                  (b. 1926 - d. 1978)
                             (Bonewamang Padi Sechele)
1978 - 1986                Setshele III (Mack Sechele)(acting)(b. 1934 - d. 2006)
1986 - Mar 1996            Moithali a Setshele (acting)       (d. 1996) 
                             (Mothali Sechele}
1996 - Jan 2002            Kgosikwna a Sebele (acting)
                             (Kgosikwena Sechele} 
17 Aug 2002 -              Kgari II a Bonewamang              (b. 1973)
                             (Kgari Sechele)
2006 - 2007                Boaname Kgari (acting deputy chief)



baNgwaketse

c.1650                     baKwna baNgwaketse tribe established
1750                       baKwna baNgwaketse established in their permanent territory.
23 Mar 1885                British protectorate (as part of Bechuanaland).
1899                       Bangwaketse reserve created.
30 Sep 1966                Part of independent Republic of Botswana.

Chiefs (title Kgsi)
.... - ....                Leema
.... - ....                Khutwe
.... - ....                Khutwane
1750 - 1770                Mongala a Makaba I                 (d. 1770)
1770 - 1790                Moleta a Mongala
1790 - 1817                Makaba II a Moleta "Rramaomana"    (b. c.1760 - d. 1824)
- Split into two segments (1817-57):
(1) 
1817 - 1824                Makaba II a Moleta "Rramaomana"    (s.a.)
1824 - 1844                Sebg a Makaba (acting)           (b. c.1795 - d. 1844)
1844 - 1857                Senthufe a Sebg                  (d. 1885)
(2)
1817 - 1823                Tshosaa Makaba                     (d. 1823)
1823 - 1845                Segotshane a Makaba (acting)       (d. 1885)
1845 - 1857                Gaseitsiwe a Tshosa                (b. 1810/20 - d. 1889)
- reunited -
1857 - Jul 1889            Gaseitsiwe a Tshosa                (s.a.)
1889 -  1 Jul 1910         Bathoen I a Gaseitsiwe             (b. 1845 - d. 1910)
1910 - 1916                Sepapits III a Bathoen           (b. 1884 - d. 1916)
1916 - 1918                Kgosimotse a Gaseitsiwe (acting)   (d. 1918)
1918 - 1919                Malope I a Makaba (acting)         (d. 1919)
1919 - 1923                Tshosa Sebg a Keemanao (acting)
1923 - 1924                Gagoangwe a Setshele (f) (acting)  (b. 1848 - d. 1924)
1924 - 1928                Ntebogang a Bathoen (f) (acting)   (b. 1882 - d. 1975)
1928 -  1 Jul 1969         Bathoen II a Sepapits            (b. 1908 - d. 1990)
                            (Bathoen Seepapitso Gaseitsiwe)
16 Jan 1970 - 24 Mar 2010  Sepapits IV a Bathoen            (b. 1933 - d. 2010)
                            (Seepapitso Bathoen Gaseitsiwe)
1973 - 1978                Mookgami a Sepapits              (d. 1978)
                            (Mookgami Gaseitsiwe)
                            (acting for suspended Sepapits)

2000 - 22 Apr 2003         Seatla Gaseitsiwe (acting)         (b. 19.. - d. 2003)
Sep 2003 -  1 Sep 2004     Kgabosetso II Mosielele (acting)
27 Jul 2010 -              Malope II a Gaseitsiwe



baNgwato

c.1610                     baNgwato (bamaNgwato) tribe established.
1780                       baNgwato (bamaNgwato) established in their permanent territory.
23 Mar 1885                British protectorate (as part of Bechuanaland).
1899                       Bamangawato reserve created.
30 Sep 1966                Part of independent Republic of Botswana.

Chiefs (title Kgsi)
... - ....                 Seogola
... - ....                 Madirana
c.1710                     Kesitihoe
.... - ....                Makgasama
.... - c.1770              Molete
c.1770 - c.1780            Mokgadi                            (d. c.1780)
1780 - 1795                Mathiba a Moleta                   (b. c.1755/60 - d. 1795)
1795 - 1817                Kgama I a Mathiba                  (b. c.1775/80 - d. 1817)
1817 - 1828                Kgari a Kgama "Pebane"             (b. c.1790 - d. 1828)
1828 - 1833                Sedimo a Molosiwa -Regent          (d. 1833)
1833 - 1835                Khama II a Kgari                   (d. 1835)
1835 - 1857                Sekgoma I a Kgari "Mnaphiri"       (b. c.1815 - d. 1883)
                             (1st time)
1857 - 1859                Matsheng a Kgari (1st time)        (b. c.1830 - d. c.1873)
1859 - 1866                Sekgoma I a Kgari "Mnaphiri"       (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
1866 - 1872                Matsheng a Kgari (2nd time)        (s.a.)
1872 - 1873                Kgama III Boikanyo a Sekgoma       (b. 1837 - d. 1923)
                             (Khama) (1st time)
1873 - 1875                Sekgoma I a Kgari "Mnaphiri"       (s.a.)
                             (3rd time)
1875 - 21 Feb 1923         Kgama III Boikanyo a Sekgoma       (s.a.)
                             (Khama) (2nd time)
21 Feb 1923 - 17 Nov 1925  Sekgoma II a Kgama "Leraraetsa"    (b. 1869 - d. 1925)
17 Nov 1925 - 19 Jan 1926  Gorewang a Kgamane
                             (chairman Council of Regency)
19 Jan 1926 - 14 Sep 1933  Tshkdi a Kgama -Regent           (b. 1905 - d. 1959)
                             (Tshekedi Khama)(1st time) 
Sep 1933 -  4 Oct 1933     Serogola a Gagoitsege
                             (acting regent)
 4 Oct 1933 - 23 Jun 1949  Tshkdi a Kgama -Regent           (s.a.)
                             (Tshekedi Khama)(2nd time) 
23 Jun 1949 -  8 Mar 1950  Srts a Sekgoma a Kgama
                             (Seretse Khama)                  (b. 1921 - d. 1980)
                             (not recognized by protectorate authority;
                             renounced claim 26 Sep 1956)
13 Mar 1950 - 26 May 1952  Keabka Kgamane
                             ("African Authority")
13 May 1953 - May 1964     Rrasebolai a Gorewang "George"     (b. 1907 - d. 1973)
                             (Rasebolai Khamane)
                             ("African Authority")
May 1964 - 1974            Leeapeetswe a Tshkdi             (b. 1939 - d. 1987)
                             ("Tribal Authority" to 1969)
1974 - 1979                Mokgatsha Mokgadi 
                             ("Tribal Authority")
 5 May 1979 -              Ian a Srts (Iam Khama)          (b. 1953)



baTawana (Ngamiland)

1795                       baTawana tribe established.
23 Mar 1885                British protectorate (as part of Bechuanaland).
1899                       Batawana reserve created.
30 Sep 1966                Part of independent Republic of Botswana.

Chiefs (title Kgsi)
1795 - 1820                Tawana I a Mathiba "Mpuru"         (d. c.1820)
1820 - 1828                Mormi I a Tawana                  (d. 1828)
1828 - 1840                Sedumedi a Mormi (acting)
1840 - 1847                Mogalakwe a Tawana (acting)
1847 - 1874                Letsholathb I a Mormi           (b. c.1820 - d. 1874)
1875 - 1876                Mn a Moremi (acting)
1876                       Dithap a Mn (1st time) (acting)
1876 -  4 Nov 1890         Mormi II a Letsholathb          (b. 1852/55 - d. 1890)
1890 - 1891                Dithap a Mn (2nd time) (acting)
1891 - 1906                Sekgoma a Letsholathb            (b. c.1870 - d. 1914)
                             (acting; pretends to be kgsikgolo)
1906                       Sekgathl a Letsholathb
                             (acting)
1906 - 1932                Mathiba a Mormi                   (b. 1880 - d. 1933)
1932 - 1934                Monaamaburu a Letsholathb
                             (acting)
1934 - 1936                Dibolayang a Weetshoetsile
                             (acting)
1936 - 1937                Gaetsalwe a Mormi (acting)
1937 - 1946                Mormi III a Mathiba "Mawelawela"  (b. 1915 - d. 1946)
1947 - 1958                Elizabeth Pulane Seeco (f)         (b. 1912 - d. 1981)
                             (Pulane Moremi) (acting)
1958 - 1981                Letsholathb II a Mormi          (b. 1940 - d. 1981)
1981 - 1995                Mathiba a Mormi (acting)
1995 - 28 Jan 2004         Tawana II a Letsholathb          (b. 1970?)
28 Jan 2004 -              Kealitile Moremi (acting)



baKgatla

16..                       baKgatla bagaKgafla segment separated from rest of tribe.
23 Mar 1885                British protectorate (as part of Bechuanaland).
30 Sep 1966                Part of independent Republic of Botswana.

Chiefs (title Kgsi)
.... - c.1700              Mare
c.1700                     Modimokwana
.... - c.1770              Kgwfane                           (d. c.1770)
c.1770 - c.1790            Molef I a Kgwfane                (d. c.1790)
c.1790 - c.1795            Mmakgotso a Kgwfane (acting)
c.1795 - c.1810            Phet II Ramphojane a Molef       (d. c.1810)
c.1810 - c.1815            Senwl a Molef II (1st time)
                             (acting)
c.1815 - c.1820            Letsb a Phet (acting)           (d. c.1820)
c.1820 - 1821              Senwl a Molef II (2nd time)
                             (acting)
1821 - 1824                Motlotle a Molef (acting)
1824 - 1853                Pilane a Phet                     (b. c.1790 - d. 1853?)
1833                       Kgotlamasw a Phet 
                             (in rebellion)
1853 - May 1875            Kgamanyane a Pilane                (b. 1820/25 - d. 1875)
May 1875 - 1876            Bogatsu a Pilane (acting) 
1876 - 25 Oct 1924         Lentswe I a Kgamanyane             (b. c.1857 - d. 1924)
1924 - 1929                Isang a Lentswe (Isang Pilani)     (b. c.1885 - d. 1941)
                             (acting)(regent 1920 - 1924)
1929 - 1936                Molefi a Kgafla (Molefi Pilane)   (b. 1909 - d. 1958)
                             (1st time)
1936 - 1942                Mmusi a Kgafla (Mmusi Pilane)     (b. 1915 - d. 2006)
                             (1st time)(acting)
1942 - 1945                Council of Regency
                           - Bakgatla a Letswe
                           - Molefi a Segale
                           - Amos Kgamanyane a Mogale         (b. 1888 - d. 1984)
1945 - 1958                Molefi a Kgafla (Molefi Pilane)   (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
1958 - 1963                Mmusi a Kgafla (2nd time)         (s.a.)
                             (acting)
 6 Apr 1963 - 21 Aug 2007  Lentswe II a Molefi                (b. 1935 - d. 2007)
                             (Linchwe Molefi Kgafela)
1969 - 1972                Mmusi a Kgafla (3rd time)         (s.a.)
                             (acting) 
21 Aug 2007 - 20 Sep 2008  Mothibe Linchwe (acting)
20 Sep 2008 -              Kgafela II                         (b. 1971)



baLete

c.1470                     baLete (baMalete) tribe established.
c.1780                     baLete (baMalete) established in their permanent territory.
23 Mar 1885                British protectorate (as part of Bechuanaland).
1909                       Bamalete reserve created.
30 Sep 1966                Part of independent Republic of Botswana.

Note: Balete currently preferred form, replacing baMalete.

Chiefs (title Kgsi)
.... - c.1700              Kgomo
c.1700                     Mokgwa
.... - ....                Marumo
.... - c.1780              Pw I a Marumo
c.1780 - c.1805            Mokgjwe a Pw (acting)
c.1805 - c.1830            Pw II a Mokgjwe                 (d. c.1830)
c.1830 - 1886              Mokgsi I a Pw                   (d. 1886)
1886 - 1896                Ikaneng a Mokgsi                  (d. 1896)
1896 - 1906                Mokgsi II a Ikaneng               (d. 1906)
1906 - 1917                Baitlotle a Ikaneng (acting)
1917 - 1937                Seboko I a Mokgsi                 (d. 1937)
1937 - 1945                Ketswerebothata a Mokgsi (acting)
1945 - 1966                Mokgsi III a Seboko               (b. 1920 - d. 1966)
1966 - 1996                Kelemogile a Seboko (acting)
                             (Kelemogile Mokgosi)
 1 Jun 1996 - 21 Jun 2001  Seboko II a Mokgsi                (b. 1959 - d. 2001)
21 Jun 2001 -  7 Jan 2002  Tumelo a Seboko (acting)
 7 Jan 2002 -              Mosadi a Mokgsi (f)               (b. 1950)
                             (Mosadi Muriel Seboko)



baTlkwa

c.1660                     baTlkwa tribe established.
23 Mar 1885                British protectorate (as part of Bechuanaland).
1933                       baTlokwa reserve created.
30 Sep 1966                Part of independent Republic of Botswana.

Chiefs (title Kgsi)
c.1680 - c.1700            Mosime
c.1700 - c.1730            Mothubane
c.1730 - c.1750            Mokgwa
c.1750 - c.1770            Taukbong
c.1770 - c.1780            Makabe
c.1780 - c.1815            Bogatsu a Makaba                   (d. c.1815)
c.1815 - 1823              Kgosi I a Bogatsu
1823 - 1826                Lesag a Kgosi (acting)            (d. c.1851)
1826 - 1835                Bash a Kgosi (acting)             (d. 1835)
1835 - 1880                Matlapeng Ramoswana a Kgosi        (d. 1880)
1880 - 1931                Gaborone a Matlapeng               (b. c.1825 - d. 1931)
1931 - 1948                Matlala a Molef a Gaborone        (d. 1948)
1948 - 28 Jul 1973         Kgosi II a Matlala                 (b. 1905 - d. 1973)
                             (Kgosi Matlala Gaborone)
1973 - 1975                Kemaang Gaborone (acting)
1975 - 1989                Monare Gaborone (acting)
1989 - 2002                Michael Spokes Gaborone (1st time)
                             (acting)
2002 - 31 Oct 2005         Moshibidu Gaborone                 (b. 1943 - d. 2005)
31 Oct 2005 - 30 May 2006  Michael Spokes Gaborone (2nd time)
                             (acting)
30 May 2006 -              Puso Gaborone                      (b. 1974?)






Ben Cahoon