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States of the Aden Protectorates

States of the Western Aden Protectorate: Alwai - Aqrabi (Akrabi) - Awdhali (Audhali) - Bayhan (Beihan) - Dali (Dhala) - Dathina - Dubi - Fadli (Fadhli) - Hadrami - Hawshabi (Haushebi) - Lahj (Lahej) - Lower Awlaqi (Aulaqi) - Lower Yafa - Maflahi (Muflahi) - Mawsata - Shaib - Upper Awlaqi sheikh - Upper Awlaqi sultan - Upper Yafa - States of the Eastern Aden Protectorate: al-Hawra - al-Irqa - Mahra - Sayun (Kathiri of Seiyun) - Tarim - Shihr and Mukalla (Qu`aiti) - Wahidi - Wahidi Sultanate of BaŽl Haf - Wahidi Sultanate of `Azzan - Wahidi Sultanate of BaŽl Haf and `Azzan (from 1962, Wahidi Sultanate) - Wahidi Sultanate of BiŽr `Ali `Amaqin - Wahidi Sultanate of Habban -

Note
: By the Government of India Act of 2 Aug 1935 (effective 1 Apr 1937), Aden was dis-annexed from India and split into two parts (1) the Colony of Aden and (2) Aden Protectorate. In order to administer it more effectively, the protectorate was split into Western Aden Protectorate (capital: Lahej) and Eastern Aden Protectorate (capital: Mukalla). Western Aden included 16 states and several subdivisions near the colony, and Eastern Aden included the Hadhramaut, Socotra and several smaller divisions west of Muscat and Oman. Government was by individual rulers, with cooperation of the British Resident, subject to the Governor of Aden. Residents were represented locally by British Advisers under the Advisory treaties signed from 1937 on. Rulers of 4 most prominent states (Lahj, Qu`aiti, Mahra, Fadli) were entitled to hereditary salute of 9 guns. All states were abolished in 1967 by the anti-British rebels (see Aden Protectorates Map). All population numbers are estimates as the first census was taken in 1973.


States of the Western Aden Protectorate
 

British Political Officers in Western Aden Protectorate (at Lahej)
 1 Apr 1937 - Aug 1938     Stewart Henry Perowne               (b. 1901 - d. 1989)
1938 - 1939?               Robert Alexander Benjamin Hamilton  (b. 1903 - d. 1961)
                             (acting)
1940 - 1951                Basil William Seager                (b. 1898 - d. 1977)
1947                       John W.T. Allen (acting for Seager) (b. 1904 - d. 1979)
1951 - 1954?               Sir Gerald Kennedy Nicholas         (b. 1915 - d. 1990)
                             Trevaskis (1st time)
1955 - 1959
               Robin Leonard Bidwell               (b. 1929 - d. 1994)
1959? - 1963               Sir Gerald Kennedy Nicholas         (s.a.)
                             Trevaskis (2nd time)
1963 - 12 Nov 1967         Robin G.E. Young                    (b. 1926 - d. 1990)

Senior Advisers (East)
(the Senior Political Affairs Officers for Eastern Aden Protectorate)
1937 - 1963                ....
1963 - Oct 1967            Ralph Hinshelwood Daly              (b. 1924 - d. 2006)
Senior Advisers (West)

(the
Senior Political Affairs Officers for Western Aden Protectorate)
1937 - 1938                ....
1938 - 15 Apr 1947         Peter C. Davey                      (b. 1914 - d. 1947)
Jan 1948 - 1950/52         Nigel Groom                         (b. 1924 - d. 2014)
af.1954 - c.1963           Ralph Hinshelwood Daly              (s.a.)
c.1963 - 1967              ....


`Alawi

Capital: Al-Qash
Population: 1,500 (1961)

17..                       `Alawi Sheikhdom (al-Mashyakha al-`Alawiyya), subject to Dali`.
1839                       Independent from Dali`.
1895                       British protectorate.

1923 - 1928                Occupied by Yemen (Sana).
28 Aug 1967                Sheikhdom abolished.

Sheikhs (title Shaykh al-Mashyakha al-`Alawiyya)
1800 - 1839                Sha'if al-`Alawi
1839 - 18..                Hilal ibn ShaŽif  al-`Alawi
18.. - Mar 1875            ShaŽif ibn ShaŽif  al-`Alawi
1875 - 1892                Sa`id ibn Salih  al-`Alawi
1892 - Apr 1898            ShaŽif ibn Sa`id  al-`Alawi
1898                       al-Husayn ibn Salih  al-`Alawi
1898 - Jul 1920            `Ali ibn Nasir  al-`Alawi
1920 - 1925                `Abd al-Nabi ibn `Ali  al-`Alawi
1925 - 1940                Muhsin ibn `Ali al-`Alawi
1940 - 28 Aug 1967         Salih ibn Sayil  al-`Alawi



`Aqrabi (Akrabi)

Capital: Bir Ahmad
Population: 1,000 (1946)

17..                       `Aqrabi Sheikhdom (al-Mashyakha al-`Aqrabiyya)
1888                       British protectorate.
1915 - 1918                Under Ottoman occupation.
28 Aug 1967                Sheikhdom abolished.

Sheikhs (title Shaykh al-Mashyakha al-`Aqrabiyya)
1770 - 1833                al-Mahdi ibn `Ali al-`Aqrabi
1833 - 1858                Haydara ibn al-Mahdi al-`Aqrabi
1858 -  8 Mar 1905         `Abd Allah ibn Haydara al-`Aqrabi
1905 - 1940                al-Fadl ibn `Abd Allah al-`Aqrabi
1940 - 1957                Muhammad ibn al-Fadl al-`Aqrabi
1957 - 28 Aug 1967         Mahmud ibn Muhammad al-`Aqrabi



`Awdhali (Audhali)

Capital: Lawdar
(
Zarah c.1942)
Population: 15,000 (1961)

17..                       al-`Awdhali Sultanate (al-Saltana al-`Awdhaliyya)
1914                       British protectorate.
1952                       Advisory treaty with the British.
27 Aug 1967                Sultanate abolished.

Sultans (title Sultan al-Saltana al-`Awdhaliyya)
c.1750 - 1780              Salih al-`Awdhali Ibn al-Awsaji
c.1780 - 1820              Ja`bil ibn Salih al-`Awdhali ibn
                             al-Awsaji

c.1820 - 1870              Ahmad ibn Salih al-`Awdhali ibn
                             al-Awsaji

1870 - 1890                Muhammad ibn Ahmad al-`Awdhali ibn
                             al-Awsaji

1890 - 1900                Hamid ibn Ja`bil al-`Awdhali ibn
                             al-Awsaji

1900 - 3 Sep 1928          al-Qasim ibn Hamid al-`Awdhali
                             ibn al-Awsaji

1928 - 27 Aug 1967         Salih ibn al-Husayn ibn Ja`bil      (b. c.1921)
                             al-`Awdhali ibn al-Awsaji

1928 - bf.1942             Muhammad ibn Ja`bil al-`Awdhali
                             al-Awsaji  -Regent



Lower `Awlaqi (Aulaqi)

[Flag of the
                          Sultanate of Lower Awlaqi to 1967 (South
                          Yemen)]to 9 Sep1967

Capital: Ahwar
Population: 14,000 (1960)

17..                       Lower `Awlaqi Sultanate (al-Saltana al-`Awlaqiyya al-Sufla)
1888                       British protectorate.
1944                       Advisory treaty with the British.
 9 Sep 1967                Sultanate abolished.

Sultans (title Sultan al-Saltana al-`Awlaqiyya al-Sufla)
.... - ....                `Ali ibn Munassar al-`Awlaqi
.... - ....                al-Mahdi ibn `Ali al-`Awlaqi
.... - ....                `Ali ibn al-Mahdi al-`Awlaqi
.... - ....                `Abd Allah ibn `Ali al-`Awlaqi
.... - ....                Nasir ibn Abi Bakr al-`Awlaqi
1855? - Jul 1863           Munassar ibn Abi Bakr al-`Awlaqi
1863 - 1892                Abu Bakr ibn `Abd Allah al-`Awlaqi
1892 - 1900                Salih ibn `Ali al-`Awlaqi
1900 -  5 Dec 1902         `Ali ibn Munassar al-`Awlaqi
 6 Dec 1902 - 1912         Nasir ibn Abi Bakr al-`Awlaqi
1912 - 1924                Abu Bakr ibn Nasir al-`Awlaqi
1924 - Apr 1930            Munassar ibn `Ali al-`Awlaqi
1930 - 1947                `Aydarus ibn `Ali al-`Awlaqi        (d. 1947)
1947 -  9 Sep 1967         Nasir ibn `Aydarus al-`Awlaqi
c.1960                     Abu Bakr ibn Ahmad al-‘Awlaqi -Regent



Upper `Awlaqi Sheikhdom

Capital: As-SaŽid
(
Yashbum c.1946)
Population: 12,000 (1960)

17..                       Upper `Awlaqi Sheikhdom (al-Mashyakha al-`Awlaqiyya al-`Ulya)
1903                       British protectorate.
1952                       Advisory treaty with the British.
27 Oct 1967                Sheikhdom abolished.

Sheikhs (title Shaykh al-Mashyakha al-`Awlaqiyya al-`Ulya)
.... - ....                Amir Daha
.... - ....                Amir Yaslam ibn Daha
.... - ....                Amir `Ali ibn Yaslam
.... - ....                Amir `Amm Dayb ibn `Ali
                             al-Yaslami al-`Awlaqi

.... - ....                Amir Ruways ibn `Amm Dayb
                             al-Yaslami al-`Awlaqi

.... - ....                Amir Nasir ibn Ruways al-Yaslami
                             al-`Awlaqi

1871? -  2 Jun 1883        Amir Farid ibn Nasir al-Yaslami
                             al-`Awlaqi

1883 - 1890                Amir Ruways ibn Farid al-Yaslami
                             al-`Awlaqi

1890 - Jul 1902            Amir `Amm Rassas ibn Farid
                             al-Yaslami al-`Awlaqi

1902 - 1959                Amir Muhsin ibn Farid al-Yaslami
                             al-`Awlaqi

1959 - 27 Oct 1967         Amir `Abd Allah ibn Muhsin
                             al-Yaslami al-`Awlaqi



Upper `Awlaqi Sultanate

Capital: Nisab
Population: 19,000 (1960)

17..                       Upper `Awlaqi Sultanate (al-Saltana al-`Awlaqiyya al-`Ulya)
1904                       British protectorate.
1952                       Advisory treaty with the British.
29 Nov 1967                Sultanate abolished.

Sultans (title Sultan al-Saltana al-`Awlaqiyya al-`Ulya)
.... - ....                Munassar
.... - ....                Farid ibn Munassar
.... - 1862                `Abd Allah ibn Farid
1862 - Sep 1879            `Awad ibn `Abd Allah
1879 - 11 Dec 1887         `Abd Allah ibn `Awad
Dec 1887 - 1935            Salih ibn `Abd Allah al-`Awlaqi
1935 - 29 Nov 1967         `Awad ibn Salih al-`Awlaqi          (d. 1967/68)



Bayhan (Beihan)
[Flag of Bayhan
                          (Beihan) Emirate to 1967 (South Yemen)]to 28 Aug 1967

Capital: Bayhan al-Qisab
(
An-Nuqub c.1946)
Population: 28,000 (1960)

16..                       Emirate of Bayhan (Amirat Bayhan).
1903                       British protectorate.
1944                       Advisory treaty with the British.
28 Aug 1967                Emirate abolished.

Emirs (title Amir Bayhan)
c.1750 - 1800              Sharif al-Husayn ibn Qays al-Hashimi
c.1800 - 1820              Suqbil ibn al-Husayn Abu al-Qaysi
                             al-Hashimi

.... - ....                Sharif al-Barak ibn `Abil
.... - 1903                Sharif Muhsin ibn al-Barak
                             al-`Abili
al-`Abili al-Hashimi
1903 - 1935                Sharif Ahmad ibn Muhsin al-`Abili 
                             al-`Abili al-Hashimi
1935 - 28 Aug 1967         Sharif Salih ibn al-Husayn al-`Abili     (b. 1935 - d. 2010)
                             al-`Abili al-Hashimi
1935 - 28 Aug 1967         Sharif Husain bin Ahmad bin Muhsin
                             al-`Abili al-Hashimi -Regent



Dali` (Dhala’)

[Flag of Dali
                          Emirate to 1967 (South Yemen)]to 17 Aug 1967

Capital: Dhal
Population: 27,000 (1960)

17..                       Emirate of Dali` (Amirat Dali`), also known as Amiri State.
1873 - 1878                Under Ottoman occupation.
1880                       Informal British protection.
1904                       British protectorate (also Qutaibi Sheikhdom made a British
                             protectorate and placed under Dali`).
1915 - 1918                Under Ottoman occupation.
1919 - 1928                Occupied by Yemen (Sana).
1944                       Advisory treaty with the British.
17 Aug 1967                Emirate abolished.

Emirs (title Amir Dali`)
.... - ....                Shafa`ul al-`Amiri
.... - ....                Ahmad ibn Shafa`ul al-`Amiri
.... - ....                al-Hasan ibn Ahmad al-`Amiri
.... - ....                `Abd al-Hadi ibn al-Hasan al-`Amiri
1839?                      Musa`id ibn al-Hasan al-`Amiri
.... - Jan 1872            Shafa`ul ibn `Abd al-Hadi al-`Amiri
Apr 1872 - 1873            `Ali ibn Muqbil al-`Amiri (1st time)
1873 -  Dec 1873           Muhammad ibn Musa`id al-`Amiri
Jan 1874 - Apr 1874        `Ali ibn Muqbil al-`Amiri (2nd time)
Apr 1874 - Mar 1878        `Abd Allah ibn Muhammad al-`Amiri
Mar 1878 - 10 Sep 1886     `Ali ibn Muqbil al-`Amiri (2nd time)
Sep 1886 - 22 Dec 1911     ShaŽif ibn Sayf al-`Amiri
Dec 1911 - 1920            Nasir ibn Sha'if al-`Amiri (1st time)
1920 - 1928                Haydara ibn Nasir al-`Amiri
Jul 1928 - 1947            Nasir ibn Sha'if al-`Amiri (2nd time)
1947 - 1954                `Ali ibn `Ali al-`Amiri
1954 - 17 Aug 1967         Shafa`ul ibn `Ali al-`Amiri



Dathina

Capital: Mudiyah
Population: 12,000 (1967)
Constitution
(1962)

1947                       State of Dathina (Dawlat al-Dathina), the local sheikhs ceased
                             to be tributaries of Upper ‘Awlaqi Sultanate.

14 Aug 1967                State abolished.

Chairmen of the Council of State (title Na'ib, Ra'is Majlis al-Dawla)(for one-year terms)
1947 – af.1960             Majlis (the council of sheikhs)
c.1962                     al-Husayn ibn Mansur al-Jabiri (1st time)
1965 - af.6 Apr 1966       al-Husayn ibn Mansur al-Jabiri (2nd time)

1966 - 14 Aug 1967         `Abd al-Qadir ibn Shaya



Fadli (Fadhli)
[Flag of Fadli
                          (Fadhli) Sultanate to 1967 (South Yemen)]
to 27 Aug 1967
[Variant Flag
                          of Fadli (Fadhli) Sultanate (South Yemen)]
Reported Flag Variant
Capital: Zinjibar
(
ShuqraŽ to 1962)
Population: 55,000 (1960)

16..                       Fadli Sultanate (al-Saltana al-Fadliyya)
1867                       Informal British protection.
1888                       British protectorate.

1915 - 1918                Ottoman ally.
1944                       Advisory treaty with the British.
29 Nov 1967                Sultanate abolished.

Sultans (title Sultan al-Saltana al-Fadliyya)
16.. - 1670                `Uthman
1670 - 1700                al-Fadl ibn `Uthman
1700 - 1730                Ahmad ibn al-Fadl
1730 - 1760                `Abd Allah ibn Ahmad al-Fadli
1760 - 1789                 Ahmad ibn `Abd Allah al-Fadli
1789 - 1805                `Abd Allah
1805 - 1819                Ahmad ibn `Abd Allah al-Fadli
1819 - 1828                `Abd Allah ibn Ahmad al-Fadli
1828 -  3 Feb 1870         Ahmad ibn `Abd Allah al-Fadli
Feb 1870 - 23 Aug 1877     Haydara ibn Ahmad al-Fadli
1877                       al-Husayn ibn Ahmad al-Fadli
                             (1st time)

1877 - Mar 1907            Ahmad ibn al-Husayn al-Fadli
1907 - 1924                al-Husayn ibn Ahmad al-Fadli
                             (2nd time)

1924 - 31 Mar 1927         `Abd al-Qadir ibn Ahmad al-Fadli
1927 - 1929                `Abd Allah ibn al-Husayn al-Fadli
21 May 1929 - 1933         al-Fadl ibn al-Husayn al-Fadli
1933 - 1936                `Abd al-Karim al-Fadli
1936 - 1941                Salih ibn al-Fadl al-Fadli
1941 - 21 Dec 1962         `Abd Allah ibn `Uthman al-Fadli
21 Dec 1962 -  9 Jul 1964  Ahmad ibn `Abd Allah al-Fadli
10 Jul 1964 - 27 Aug 1967  Nasir ibn `Abd Allah al-Fadli



Hawshabi (Haushebi)

Capital: Musaymir
Population: 3,100 (1960)

17..                       Hawshabi Sultanate (al-Saltana al-Hawshabiyya)
                             (also referred to as Musaymir).
1895                       British protectorate.
1915 - 1918                Ottoman ally.
1944                       Advisory treaty with the British.
Aug 1967                   Sultanate abolished.

Sultans (title Sultan al-Saltana al-Hawshabiyya)
c.1730                     al-Fajjar al-Hawshabi
c.1800                     Sultan al-Hawshabi
1839? -  1 Jun 1858        Mani` ibn Sallam al-Hawshabi
1858 - 1863                `Ubayd ibn Yahya al-Hawshabi
1863 -  4 May 1886         `Ali ibn Mani` (I)al-Hawshabi
1886 - 1894                Muhsin ibn `Ali (I) al-Hawshabi
                             (1st time)
1894 - 1895                al-Fadl ibn `Ali (usurper)
 6 Mar 1895 - 28 Sep 1904  Muhsin ibn `Ali (I) al-Hawshabi
                             (2nd time)
1904 - Aug 1922            `Ali ibn Mani` (II) al-Hawshabi
1922 - 19..                Muhsin ibn `Ali (II) al-Hawshabi
c.1941                     as-Surur ibn Muhammad al-Hawshabi
bf.1947 - 1955             Muhammad ibn as-Surur al-Hawshabi (d. 1955)
1955 - Aug 1967            Faysal ibn as-Surur al-Hawshabi



Lahj (Lahej)

[Flag of
                          Sultanate of Lahj (Lahej) to 1967 (South
                          Yemen)]to 13 Aug 1967

Capital: Lahj al-Hauta
Population: 50,000 (1960)

1728                       Sultanate of Lahj (Saltanat Lahj), also known as Abdali State.
1873                       British protectorate.
1915 - 1918                Under Ottoman occupation.
1919                       Subayhi Sheikhdoms (British protectorate from 1889) under
                             suzerainty of Lahj.
1944                       Advisory treaty with the British.
13 Aug 1967                Sultanate abolished.

Sultans (title Sultan Lahj)
1728 - 1742                al-Fadl I ibn `Ali al-Sallami
                             al-`Abdali

1742 - 1753                `Abd al-Karim I ibn al-Fadl
                             al-`Abdali

1753 - 1775                `Abd al-Hadi ibn `Abd al-Karim
                             al-`Abdali

1775 - 1791                al-Fadl  II ibn `Abd al-Karim
                             al-`Abdali

1791 - 1827                Ahmad I ibn `Abd al-Karim
                             al-`Abdali

1827 - Nov 1839            Muhsin ibn al-Fadl al-`Abdali
                             (1st time)

Nov 1839 - Dec 1839        Ahmad II ibn Muhsin al-`Abdali
                             (1st time)

Dec 1839 - Aug 1846        Muhsin ibn al-Fadl al-`Abdali
                             (2nd time)

11 Aug 1846 - Sep 1846     Sayyid Isma`il ibn al-Hasan
                             al-Husayni (usurper)
Sep 1846 - 30 Nov 1847     Muhsin ibn al-Fadl al-`Abdali
                             (3rd time)

Dec 1847 - 20 Jan 1849     Ahmad II ibn Muhsin al-`Abdali
                             (2nd time)

Mar 1849 - 7 Apr 1863      `Ali I ibn Muhsin al-`Abdali
Apr 1863 - 1863            al-Fadl III ibn `Ali al-`Abdali
                             (1st time)

1863 -  5 Jul 1874         al-Fadl IV ibn Muhsin al-`Abdali
 5 Jul 1874 - 27 Apr 1898  al-Fadl III ibn `Ali al-`Abdali
                             (2nd time)

29 Apr 1898 - Mar 1914     Ahmad III ibn al-Fadl al-`Abdalib   (d. 1914)
                             (from 9 Nov 1901, Sir Ahmad III
                             ibn al-Fadl al-`Abdali
)
Mar 1914 - 1915            `Ali II ibn Ahmad al-`Abdali

                             (from 8 Oct 1914, Sir `Ali II ibn
                             Ahmad al-`Abdali
)
14 Dec 1915 - 18 Jun 1947  `Abd al-Karim II ibn al-Fadl        (d. 1947)
                             al-`Abdali (from 1 Feb 1918, Sir

                            `Abd al-Karim II ibn al-Fadl al-`Abdali)
18 Jun 1947 - 21 May 1952  al-Fadl V ibn `Abd al-Karim
                             al-`Abdali

 4 Jun 1952 - 10 Jul 1958  `Ali III ibn `Abd al-Karim
                             al-`Abdali (from 1 Jan 1955, Sir  (b. 1923 - d. 2016)
                           
`Ali III ibn `Abd al-Karim al-`Abdali)
10 Jul 1958 - 13 Aug 1967   al-Fadl VI ibn `Ali al-`Abdali

                              (acting with style Na'ib to 8 Dec 1958)

Presidents of the State Council (chief ministers)
1951 - 1958                 Sayyid Muhammad ‘Ali al-Jifri                          SAL
1958 - 1967                 ...


Party abbreviation: SAL = South Arabian League (Arab nationalist, pro-independence, right-wing, 1951-1967)



Maflahi (Muflahi)

Capital: al-Maflahi
(
al-Jurba c.1946)
Population: N/A

1850                       Maflahi Sheikhdom (al-Mashyakha al-Maflahiyya), a part (section)
                             of Upper Yafa.

1963                       Independent from Upper Yafa.
13 Aug 1967                Sheikhdom abolished.

Sheikhs (title Shaykh al-Mashyakha al-Maflahiyya)
1850 - 1885                al-Qasim al-Sakkaf
1885 - 1920                `Abd al-Rahman ibn al-Qasim
                             al-Sakkaf

1920 - 12 Aug 1967         al-Qasim ibn `Abd al-Rahman         (d. 1967)



Sha`ib

Capital: Awabil
(
Bakhal c.1946)
Population: 5,000 (1960)

17..                       Sheikhdom of Sha`ib (Mashyakhat Sha`ib), a part (section) of
                             Upper Yafa.
1919 - 1928                Occupied by Yemen (Sana).
1931/41                    Independent from Upper Yafa.
Aug 1967                   Sheikhdom abolished.

Sheikhs (title Shaykh Sha`ib)
c.1850 - 1880              Mani` al-Saqladi
1880 - 1915                `Ali ibn Mani` al-Saqladi
1915 - 1935                Mutahhar ibn Mani` al-Saqladi
1935 - 1948                Muhammad ibn Muqbil al-Saqladi
Aug 1948 - 1954            Kassem ibn Mused ibn Ali al-Saqladi
1955 - 30 Mar 1963         Yahya ibn Muhammad al-Saqladi
1963 -  7 Jul 1965         Nashir ibn `Abd Allah al-Saqladi     (d. 1965)
10 Jul 1965 - Aug 1967     Yahya ibn Mutahhar al-Saqladi        (d. 2001)



Lower Yafa`
 
[former flag
                          Lower Yafa Sultanate (South Yemen)]
.... - .... 
[Flag of Lower
                          Yafa Sultanate flag to 1967 (South Yemen)]
....   - 28 Aug 1967
Capital: JaŽar
(
al-Qara c.1946)
Population: 35,000 (1967)

16..                       Sultanate of Lower Yafa` (Saltanat Yafa` Bani `Afif-
                             literally Yafa` of the Banu `Afif)(referred to as "Yafa").
1895                       British protectorate.
1944                       Advisory treaty with the British.
28 Aug 1967                Sultanate abolished.

Sultans (title Sultan Yafa` Bani `Afif)
1681 - c.1700              `Afif
c.1700 - 1720              Qahtan ibn `Afif
c.1720 - 1740              Sayf ibn Qahtan al-`Afifi
c.1740 - 1760              Ma`awda ibn Sayf al-`Afifi
c.1760 - 1780              Ghalib ibn Ma`awda al-`Afifi
c.1780 - 1800              `Abd al-Karim ibn Ghalib
                             al-`Afifi

c.1800 - 14 Dec 1841       `Ali ibn Ghalib al-`Afifi            (b. 1726 - d. 1841)
Dec 1841 - 28 Sep 1873     Ahmad ibn `Ali al-`Afifi
1873 - 26 May 1885         `Ali ibn Ahmad al-`Afifi
May 1885 - 19 Jul 1891     Muhsin ibn Ahmad al-`Afifi
1891 - 27 Jun 1893         Ahmad ibn `Ali al-`Afifi
1893 -  4 Jan 1899         Abu Bakr ibn Sha'if al-`Afifi
1899 - Jan/Feb 1916        `Abd Allah ibn Muhsin al-`Afifi
1916 - 1925                Muhsin ibn `Ali al-`Afifi
1925 - 28 Jan 1960         `Aydarus ibn Muhsin al-`Afifi        (b. 1886 - d. 1960)
25 Feb 1960 - 28 Aug 1967  Mahmud ibn `Aydarus al-`Afifi        (b. 1949 - d. 1972)
                             (de facto from 10 Feb 1959)
1960 – 196.                Haydara ibn Mansur -Regent



Upper Yafa`
 
[former flag
                          Sultanate of Upper Yafa (South Yemen)]
.... - ....
[Sultanate of
                          Upper Yafa flag to 1967 (South Yemen)]  
 ...  - 2 Sep 1967
Capital: Mahjaba
Population: 35,000 (1967)

17..                       Sheikhdom of Upper Yafa` (Mashyakhat Yafa` al-Sufla)
                             (Yafa` al-Sufla - literally Lower Yafa`).
c.1800                     Sultanate of Upper Yafa` (Saltanat Yafa` al-Sufla), included
                             several subdivisions (sections), as of 1930: Al-Bu’si, Daudi,
                             Dubi, Hadrami, Maflahi, Mawsata, S
ha`ib.
1903                       British protectorate.
2 Sep 1967                 Sultanate of Upper Yafa` abolished.

Sheikhs (title Shaykh Yafa` al-Sufla)
c.1730 - 1735              `Ali ibn Ahmad ibn Harhara
c.1735 - 1750              Ahmad ibn `Ali Al Harhara
c.1750 - 1780              Salih ibn Ahmad Al Harhara
c.1780 - 1800              `Umar ibn Salih Al Harhara
Sultans (title Sultan Yafa` al-Sufla)
c.1800 - 1810               Qahtan ibn `Umar ibn Salih Al
                              Harhara

c.1810 - 1815               `Umar ibn Qahtan ibn `Umar Al
                              Harhara

c.1815 - 1840               Qahtan ibn `Umar ibn Qahtan Al
                              Harhara

c.1840 - 1866               `Abd Allah ibn Nasir ibn Salih Al
                              Harhara

1866 - 1875                 al-Husayn ibn Abi Bakr ibn Qahtan
                              Al Harhara

1875 - 28 Apr 1895          Muhammad ibn `Ali ibn Salih ibn Ahmad
                              Al Harhara

1895 - 1903                 Qahtan ibn `Umar ibn al-Husayn Al
                              Harhara

 4 Dec 1903 - 1913          Salih ibn `Umar ibn al-Husayn Al
                              Harhara (1st time)

1913 - 1919                 `Umar ibn Qahtan ibn `Umar Al Harhara
1919 - 1927                 Salih ibn `Umar ibn al-Husayn Al
                              Harhara (2nd time)

1927 -  2 Sep 1967          Muhammad ibn Salih ibn `Umar        (d. 1967/68)
                              Al Harhara


1

Dubi (Dhubi)

Capital: Dhi Sura
Population: N/A

17..                       Sheikhdom of Dubi (al-Mashyakha al-Dubiyya), a part (section) of
                             Upper Yafa.

1967                       Sheikhdom abolished.

Sheikhs (title Shaykh al-Mashyakha al-Dubiyya)
c.1750 - 1780              Muhammad
c.1780 - 1810              Jabir ibn Muhammad
c.1810 - 1840              `Atif ibn Jabir
c.1840 - 1870              Ahmad ibn `Atif
c.1870 - 1900              Salih ibn Ahmad ibn `Atif Jabir
1900 - 1915                Muhammad ibn Muthana ibn `Atif Jabir 
                           - together with -
1900 - 1915                `Umar ibn Muthana ibn `Atif Jabir
                           - later jointly with -
1915 - 1946                Salim ibn Salih ibn `Atif Jabir
1946 - 1967                `Abd al-Rahman ibn Salih
bf.1960 - af.1966          Salih ibn Salim -Regent



Hadrami

Capital: Ash-Shibr
Population: N/A

1820                       Hadrami Sheikhdom (al-Mashyakha al-Hadramiyya), a part (section)
                             of Upper Yafa.

1967                       Sheikhdom abolished.

Sheikhs (title Shaykh al-Mashyakha al-Hadramiyya)
1820 - 1850                Ghalib al-Hadrami
1850 - 1870                Muhammad ibn Ghalib al-Hadrami
1870 - 1900                Muhsin ibn Ghalib al-Hadrami
1900 - 1915                Muhsin ibn Muhsin al-Hadrami
1915 - 1945                Nasi ibn Muhsin al-Hadrami
1945 - 1958                Muhammad ibn Muhsin al Hadrami
1959                       `Abd Allah ibn Muhammad
                             al-Hadrami

1959 - 1967                `Abd al-Qawi ibn Muhammad
                             al-Hadrami
a

Mawsata

Capital: al-Qudma
Population: N/A

1780                       State of Mawsata (Dawlat Mawsata), a part (section) of Upper
                             Yafa.

1860                       Divided into two lineages.
Jun 1967                   State abolished.

Rulers (title Naqib)
1780 - 1810                al-Qasim Al Harhara
1810 - 1840                `Ali ibn al-Qasim Al Harhara
1840 - 1860                `Askar ibn `Ali Al Harhara
- Lineage 1 -
1860 - 1907                `Ali ibn `Askar Al Harhara
1907 - 1940                Naji ibn `Ali ibn `Askar Al
                             Harhara

1940 - Jan 1963            Ahmad ibn Abi Bakr ibn `Ali
                             Al Harhara

Feb 1963 - Jun 1967        `Aydarus ibn Ahmad Al Harhara
- Lineage 2 -
1860 - 1920                Muhsin ibn `Askar Al Harhara
1920 - 1946                Muhammad ibn Muhsin ibn `Askar
                             Al Harhara

1946 - 1959                al-Husayn ibn Salih ibn Muhsin
                             Al Harhara

1959 - 1967                Salih ibn al-Husayn ibn Salih
                             Al Harhara


States of the Eastern Aden Protectorate
 

British Political Officers in Eastern Aden Protectorate
(Resident Advisers at Mukalla,
Hadhramaut)
1937 - 1940                William Harold Ingrams (1st time)    (b. 1897 - d. 1973)
1940 - 1942                George Andrew Joy                    (b. 1896 - d. 1974)
1942 - 1944                William Harold Ingrams (2nd time)    (s.a.)
1944 - 1945                Vincent Goncalves Glenday            (b. 1891 - d. 1970)
1945 - 1949                Charles Henry J. Sheppard            (b. 1897 - d. ....)
1949 - 1958                John Edmund Hugh Boustead            (b. 1895 - d. 1980)
1958 - 1960                Alastair James
McIntosh              (b. 1913 - d. 1973)
1960 - 1964                Arthur F. Watts                      (b. 1916 - d. 2005)
1964 - 1966                Vincent Edward Frederick Eyre        (b. 1914 - d. 2007)
1966 - 1967                James Norrie Ellis                   (b. 1926 - d. 2000)
1967
                      Michael Armstrong Crouch             (
b. 1935 - d. 2013)


al-Hawra

Capital: al-Hawra
Population: 300 (1946)

18..                       Sheikhdom of al-Hawra (Mashyakhat al-Hawra)
1888                       British protectorate.
1951?                      Incorporated into Wahidi Ba’l Haf.

Sheikhs (title Shaykh al-Hawra)
1858? -  6 May 1895        `Abd Allah ibn Muhammad Ba Shahid
1895 - Feb 1896            Sa`if ibn `Abd Allah Ba Shahid
Feb 1896 -  1 Mar 1900     Ahmad ibn `Abd Allah Ba Shahid
Mar 1900 -  6 Oct 1917     Salih ibn `Awad Ba Shahid
                             (interrupted in May 1904)
Oct 1917 - 1951            Awad ibn Salih Ba Shahid



al-`Irqa

Capital: al-`Irqa
Population: 800 (1946)

18..                       Sheikhdom of al-`Irqa (Mashyakhat al-`Irqa)
1888                       British protectorate.
1951?                      Incorporated into Wahidi Ba’l Haf.

Sheikhs (title Shaykh al-`Irqa)
.... -  2 Jan 1901         `Awad ibn Muhammad Ba Das
1901 - 193.                Ahmad ibn `Awad Ba Das al-Dhi’ebi
bf.1949 - 1951             Ahmad ibn `Abd Allah ibn `Abd Allah
                             ibn `Awad Ba Das al-Dhi’ebi



Mahra (Qishn and Socotra)
 
[18th cent Flag
                          of the Banu Afrar dynasty of Mahri Sultanate
                          of Qishn and Suqutra (Socotra) (South Yemen)]
18th cent. - ... 
[Mahri Sultanate
                          of Qishn and Suqutrai state flag to 1967
                          (South Yemen)]
....  - 16 Oct 1967
Capital: Tamrida
(
Qishn to c.1890)
Population: 30,000 (1960)

1506 - 1512                Socotra Island occupied by Portugal (Socotorá).
1549                       Mahri Sultanate of Qishn and Suqutra (Quisn and Socotra).
1876                       Informal British protection.
23 Apr 1886                British protectorate. 
1954                       Advisory treaty with the British.
16 Oct 1967                Sultanate abolished.

Sultans (title Sultan al-Dawla al-Mahriyya [Sultan Qishn wa Suqutra])
c.1750 - 1780              `Afrar al-Mahri
c.1780 - 1800              Taw`ari ibn `Afrar al-Mahri
c.1800 - 1820              Sa`d ibn Taw`ari Ibn `Afrar al-Mahri
c.1834                     Sultan ibn `Amr (on Suqutra)
c.1834                     Ahmad ibn Sultan (at Qishn)
1835 - 1845                `Amr ibn Sa`d ibn Taw`ari al-`Afrar
                             al-Mahri
1845 - 18..                Taw`ari ibn `Ali `Afrar al-Mahri
18.. - 18..                Ahmad ibn Sa`d `Afrar al-Mahri
18.. - 18..                `Abd Allah ibn Sa`d Afrar al-Mahri
18.. - 18..                `Abd Allah ibn Salim `Afrar al-Mahri
1875? - 1907               `Ali ibn `Abd Allah `Afrar al-Mahri
1907 - af. 1928            `Abd Allah ibn `Isa al-`Afrar al-Mahri
bf.1946 - Feb 1952         Ahmad ibn `Abd Allah al-`Afrar al-Mahri
Feb 1952 - 16 Oct 1967     `Isa ibn `Ali ibn Salim al-`Afrar      (d. 1976)
                             al-Mahri 


Socotra

1506 - 1512                Socotra Island occupied by Portugal (Socotorá).
Jan 1834 - 1834            British East Indian Company occupation.

Portuguese Governors
1506 - 1509?               António de Noronha 
1509 - 1512                Pêro Ferreira Fogaça
British commander
Jan 1834 - 1835            James Raymomd Wellsted                  (b. 1805 - d. 1842)



SayŽun (Kathiri of Seiyun) 

[Flag of
                          Kathiri Sultanate of Sayun (Seiyun) to 1967
                          (South Yemen)]bf.1917 -  2 Oct 1967

Capital: SayŽun (Seiyun)
Population: 66,000 (1960)

14..                       Kathiri Sultanate at Shibam and Seiyun.
c.1717 - 1847              Seiyun under al-Dhubi sultans.
1803 - 1858                Kathiri rule restored in Shibam.
1847                       Kathiri Sultanate of SayŽun (Saltanat Say'un al-Kathiriyya).
1873                       Recognized Ottoman suzerainty.
1918                       British protectorate.
1939                       Advisory treaty with the British.

 2 Oct 1967                Abolished.

Sultans in Shibam
1803 - 1808                J
a`far ibn `Ali al-Kathiri             (d. 1808)
1809 - 1825               
`Umar ibn Ja`far al-Kathiri
182. - 1858                Mansur ibn ‘Umar al-Kathiri            (d. 1858)

Sultans (title Sultan Say'un a-Kathiri)

1847 - Oct 1870            Ghalib ibn Muhsin Al Kathiri           (b. 1808 – d. 1870)
Oct 1870 - May 1929        al-Mansur ibn Ghalib Al Kathiri        (d. 1929)
May 1929 - 1938            `Ali ibn al-Mansur Al Kathiri          (d. 1938)
1938 - 24 Apr 1949         Ja`far ibn al-Mansur Al Kathiri        (d. 1949)
Apr 1949 -  2 Oct 1967     al-Husayn ibn `Ali Al Kathiri


Tarim

Capital: Tarim
Population: N/A

1224                       Tarim is capital of Banu'l-Yamani Emirs of Hadramaut.
16th cent.                 Under the Kathiri Sultans at Shibam and Seiyun.
c.1717 - 1847              Kathiri rule interrupted by al-Gharama and related sultans.
1916                       Sultanate of Tarim (Saltanat Tarim), a subdivision of SayŽun.
1945                       Incorporated into SayŽun.

Sultans (title Saltan Tarim)
1916 - 1924                Muhsin ibn Ghalib al-Kathiri           (d. 1924)
1924 - Mar 1945            `Abd Allah ibn Muhsin al-Kathiri
                           - jointly with -
1924 - Mar 1945            Muhammad ibn Muhsin al-Kathiri



Shihr and Mukalla (Qu`aiti)
 
[Quaiti
                          Sultanate of Shir and Mukalla flag, 1881-1939
                          (South Yemen)]
1881 - 2 Oct 1939 
[Flag of the
                          Quaiti Sultanate of Shir and Mukalla,
                          1939-1967 (South Yemen)]
2 Oct 1939 - 17 Sep 1967
Capital: al-Mukalla
(ash-Shihr to 1910)
Population: 230,000 (1960)
Text of Anthem

1707                       Mukalla taken by al-Kasadi from al-Kathiri.
1752                       Shihr under rule of al-Burayki.
1858                       Qu`aiti polity founded at Shibam.
Nov 1866 - May 1867        ash-Shihr occupied by Al Kathiri.

10 Nov 1881                Qu`aiti annexed the Mukalla state, ash-Shihr and al-Mukalla
                             states joined.

1882                       Informal British protection.
1888                       al-Shihr and al-Mukalla a British protectorate.

1902                       Qu`aiti Sultanate of ash-Shihr and al-Mukalla 
                             (Saltanat ash-Shihr wa al-Mukalla al-Qu`aytiyya).
1937                       Advisory treaty with the British.
1953                       Qu`aiti State in Hadhramauth, adopted as official name.
17 Sep 1967                Sultanate abolished.

ash-Shihr

Rulers (title Wali)
1752 - 1800                .... Al Burayk
1800 - 1830                Naji` Al Burayk
1842 - Nov 1866            `Ali ibn Naji` Al Burayk
Nov 1866 - May 1867        occupied by Al Kathir
Rulers (title Hakim, Jama`dar)
1867 - 10 Nov 1881         `Abd Allah ibn `Umar ibn `Awad al-Qu`ayti (d. 1888)
                           + `Awad ibn `Umar ibn `Awad al-Qu`ayti    (d. 1910)
                              (from 1858 in Shibam)


al-Mukalla

Rulers (title Naqib)
1707 - 1740                Ahmad ibn Salim al-Kasadi
1740 - 1770                Salim ibn Ahmad al-Kasadi
1770 - 1800                Salih ibn Salim al-Kasadi
1800 - Aug 1842            `Abd al-Rabb ibn Salih al-Kasadi
Aug 1842 - 26 Apr 1851     Muhammad ibn `Abd al-Habib al-Kasadi
1851 - 11 May 1873         Salih ibn Muhammad al-Kasadi             (d. 1873)
1873 - 10 Nov 1881         `Umar ibn Salih al-Kasadi                (d. af.1886)


Ghayl

1866                      State of Ghayl Ba Wazir (Ghayl Ba Wazir), previously part of Shihr.
1879                      Annexed to Qu`aiti state of Shihr.

Rulers (titles Hakim and Jama`dar)
1863 – 1868               `Abd Allah ibn `Ali al-`Awlaqi    (d. 1868)
1868 – 1879               Muhsin ibn
`Abd Allah al-`Awlaqi


Shihr and Mukalla (Qu`aiti)

[Quaiti
                          Sultanate of Shir and Mukalla flag, 1881-1939
                          (South Yemen)]
1881 - 2 Oct 1939 
[Flag of the
                          Quaiti Sultanate of Shir and Mukalla,
                          1939-1967 (South Yemen)]
2 Oct 1939 - 17 Sep 1967

Rulers (titles Hakim, Jama`dar)
10 Nov 1881 - 25 Nov 1888  `Abd Allah ibn `Umar ibn `Awad       (d. 1888)
                             al-Qu`ayti
                          
- jointly with -

10 Nov 1881 - 1902         `Awad ibn `Umar ibn `Awad al-Qu`ayti (d. 1910)
1888 - 189.                Munassar ibn `Abd Allah al-Qu`ayti   (d. af.1904)
                             (in opposition in Shibam, claimed to be joint ruler)

Sultans (titles Sultan ash-Shihr wa al-Mukalla al-Qu`ayti, Sultan Nawaz Jang)

1902 - Dec 1910            `Awad ibn `Umar ibn `Awad al-Qu`ayti (s.a.)
Dec 1910 - Jun 1922        Ghalib I ibn `Awad al-Qu`ayti        (d. 1922)
Jun 1922 -  6 Mar 1936     `Umar ibn `Awad al-Qu`ayti           (d. 1936)
 6 Mar 1936 - 27 May 1956  Salih ibn Ghalib al-Qu`ayti          (b. 1884 - d. 1956)
                             (from 1940, Sir Salih ibn Ghalib al-Qu`ayti)
27 May 1956 - 10 Oct 1966  `Awad ibn Salih al-Qu`ayti           (b. 1912 - d. 1966)

10 Oct 1966 - 17 Sep 1967  Ghalib II ibn `Awad al-Qu`ayti       (b. 1948)

State Secretaries, Chairmen of the State Council (chief ministers)
1939 - 19..                ....
bf.1945 - 1950             Sheikh Sayf ibn
`Ali al-BuŽali
1950 - 1957                Sheikh al-Qaddal ibn Sa
Žid al-Qaddal (b. 1903 - d. 1975)
1957 - 1964                Jehan Khan
1964 - 1967                Sayyid Ahmad ibn Muhammad al-
`Attas

British Resident Advisers in Hadhramaut (at Mukalla)
1937 - 1967                the British Political Officers in
                           Eastern Aden Protectorate



Wahidi

16..                       Wahidi Sultanate (Saltanat al-Wahidiyya)
1830                       Split into four states:
                           - Wahidi Sultanate of BaŽl Haf (Saltanat Ba al-Haf al-Wahidiyya)
                           - Wahidi Sultanate of `Azzan (Saltanat `Azzan al-Wahidiyya)
                           - Wahidi Sultanate of BiŽr `Ali `Amaqin 
                             (Saltanat Bi'r `Ali `Amaquin al-Wahidiyya)
                           - Wahidi Sultanate of Habban (Saltanat Habban al-Wahidiyya)
 4 May 1881                BaŽl Haf, `Azzan and Habban joined (in 1885, Habban is restored
                             as a subdivision of B
aŽl Haf).
1888                       BaŽl Haf and `Azzan (including Habban), and BiŽr `Ali Amaqin
                             British protectorates.

1949                       Advisory treaty of Ba’l Haf with the British.
23 Oct 1962                Joint sultanate renamed Wahidi Sultanate (al-Saltana al-Wahidiyya);

                             BiŽr `Ali and Habban remain subordinate sultanates (subdivisions).
Oct  1967                  All states are abolished.

Sultans (title Sultan al-Wahidi)
c.1640 - 1670              Salih ibn Nasir al-Wahidi
c.1670 - 1706              al-Hadi ibn Salih al-Wahidi
1706 - 1766                al-Hasan ibn al-Hadi al-Wahidi
1766 - 1771                al-Husayn ibn al-Hasan al-Wahidi 
1771 - 1771                Sa`id ibn al-Hasan al-Wahidi
1771 - 1810                Ahmad ibn al-Hadi al-Wahidi
1810 - 1830                `Abd Allah ibn Ahmad al-Wahidi


Wahidi Sultanate of BaŽl Haf

Sultans (title Sultan Ba al-Haf al-Wahidi)
.... - ....                Nasir ibn `Abd Allah
.... - ....                Ahmad ibn Nasir
.... - ....                Muhsin ibn `Ali
.... - ....                al-Husayn ibn `Abd Allah
.... - ....                `Abd Allah ibn al-Husayn
.... - 1877                Ahmad ibn al-Husayn al-Wahidi
1877 - 1881                Salih ibn Ahmad
1881 -  4 May 1881         `Umar ibn al-Husayn al-Wahidi


Wahidi Sultanate of `Azzan

Sultans (title Sultan `Azzan al-Wahidi)
1830 - 18..                `Ali ibn Ahmad al-Wahidi
1850 - 1870                Muhsin ibn `Ali al-Wahidi
1870 - May 1881            `Abd Allah ibn `Umar al-Wahidi


Wahidi Sultanate of BaŽl Haf and `Azzan (from 1962, Wahidi Sultanate)
[Flag of Wahidi
                          Sultanate of Bal Haf and Azzan (from 1962,
                          Wahidi Sultanate) to 1967 (South Yemen)]to Oct 1967


Capital: BaŽl Haf
Population: N/A

Sultans (title Sultan Ba al-Haf wa `Azzan al-Wahidi; from 23 Oct 1962 
Sultan al-Saltana al-Wahidiyya)
May 1881 - Jan 1885        `Abd Allah ibn `Umar
15 Jan 1885 - 1892         al-Hadi ibn Salih al-Wahidi
Ju 1892 - 1893             Muhsin ibn Salih al-Wahidi (1st time)
1893 - 1904                Salih ibn `Abd Allah al-Wahidi
14 Dec 1904 - Jan 1919     Muhsin ibn Salih al-Wahidi (2nd time)
Jan 1919 - 1948            `Ali ibn Muhsin al-Wahidi
1948 - 19 Feb 1967         Nasir ibn `Abd Allah al-Wahidi
Regent (title Hakim)
20 Feb 1967 - Oct 1967     `Ali ibn Muhammad ibn Sa`id al-Wahidi

Wahidi Sultanate of BiŽr `Ali `Amaqin

Capital: BiŽr `Ali
Population: 3,000 (1946)

23 Oct 1962                Incorporated into Wahidi.

Sultans (title Sultan Bi'r `Ali `Amaqi al-Wahidi)
1830 - 18..                `Abd Allah ibn Talib al-Wahidi
1842 - 1875                al-Hadi ibn Talib al-Wahidi
1875 - 1880                Talib ibn al-Hadi al-Wahidi
1880 - Mar 1893            Muhsin ibn Salih al-Wahidi
1893 - 1916                Salih ibn Ahmad al-Wahidi
1916 - 1940                Nasir ibn Talib al-Wahidi
1940 - 1955                `Alawi ibn Muhsin al-Wahidi
1955 - 23 Oct 1962         `Alawi ibn Salih al-Wahidi
                             (continues as subordinate ruler to Oct 1967)


Wahidi Sultanate of Habban
[Flag of Wahidi
                          Sultanate of Habban to 1967 (South Yemen)]to Oct 1967

Capital: Habban
Population: N/A

23 Oct 1962                Incorporated into Wahidi.

Sultans (style Sultan Habban al-Wahidi)
1830 - 1840                al-Husayn ibn Ahmad al-Wahidi
1850 - 1870                `Abd Allah ibn al-Husayn al-Wahidi 
1870 - 1877                Ahmad ibn al-Husayn al-Wahidi
1877 - May 1881            Salih ibn Ahmad al-Wahidi
May 1881 - Jan 1885        Interregnum 
Jan 1885 - 1919            Nasir ibn Salih al-Wahidi
1919 - 19..                al-Husayn ibn `Ali al-Wahidi
bf.1962 - 23 Oct 1962      al-Husayn ibn `Abd Allah al-Wahidi
                             (continues as subordinate ruler to Oct 1967)







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