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Pakistani Princely States

Punjab and Sind states: Bahawalpur - Khayrpur (Khairpur) - Mirpur - Sind (Sindh) - Baluchistan states: Kalat - Kharan - Las Bela - Makran - Baluchistan States Union - Frontier states: Amb (Tanawal) - Chitral - Dir (Dhir) - Jandol (Jandul) - Phulra (Phulrah) - Swat - Kashmir statesBaltistan - Gilgit - Hunza - Nagar (Nagir) -

Note
:
This record is in four parts: (1) the Punjab and Sind states, those extinguished 12 Feb 1843 and those acceding to Pakistan shortly after its creation and extinguished 14 Oct 1955; (2) the four Balochistan states, acceding to Pakistan in Mar 1948 and forming the Balochistan States Union, and also extinguished 14 Oct 1955; (3) the Frontier states, originally
under Pakistani suzerainty but not incorporated into Pakistan until 1969; and (4) the Kashmir states (for the native rulers of Jammu and Kashmir see under
India and for Punjab (Pγnjab) see under Indian Princely states). Number of salute guns denoted rank of ruler of the state (hereditary salutes as of 1947 are recorded below). Personal privileges of former rulers were abolished in 1972. 
  British (and local) political officers (residents, agents, commissioners) usually were in charge of multiple states, they are recorded under the state where they had their office or under one of largest states.

Party abbreviations: ML = Muslim League (Pakistan nationalist, former All India Muslim League, Aug 1947-Oct 1958)

Punjab and Sindh states

Bahawalpur
 
[Bahawalpur
                          c.1885 -1945 (British India)]
c.1885 - 1945
[Bahawalpur
                          state 1945-1955 (Pakistan)]
1945 - 14 Oct 1955
Map of Bahawalpur Capital: Bahawalpur
Population: 1,823,125 (1951)
------------------------
State Forces/Troops:
1,000 (1939)
Constitution
Government of Bahawalpur Act
 (1949), (1952)
Salute: 17 guns
(increased to 21
by Pakistan)

1690                       Bahawalpur State founded.
13 Sep 1833                British protectorate (signed 22 Feb 1833), confirmed 5 Oct 1838
                             (by treaty).

 5 Oct 1947                Bahawalpur accedes to Pakistan.
14 Oct 1955                State extinguished; part of West Pakistan (from 1970, Punjab).

Emirs (full title from 5 Jan 1740, Nawwab Amir)
1690 - 1702                Bahadur Khan II                    (b. 16.. - d. 1702)
1702 - 1723                Mobarak Khan I                     (b. 16.. - d. 1726)
1723 - 11 Apr 1746         Sadeq Mohammad Khan I              (d. 1746)
11 Apr 1746 - 12 Jun 1750  Mohammad Bahawal Khan I            (d. 1750)
12 Jun 1750 -  4 Jun 1772  Mobarak Khan II                    (d. 1772)
 4 Jun 1772 - 13 Aug 1809  Mohammad Bahawal Khan II           (b. 1753 - d. 1809)
13 Aug 1809 - 17 Apr 1826  Sadeq Mohammad Khan II             (b. 1781 - d. 1826)
17 Apr 1826 - 19 Oct 1852  Mohammad Bahawal Khan III          (d. 1852)
19 Oct 1852 - 20 Feb 1853  Sadeq Mohammad Khan III            (d. 1861)
20 Feb 1853 -  3 Oct 1858  Fath Mohammad Khan                 (d. 1858)
 3 Oct 1858 - 25 Mar 1866  Mohammad Bahawal Khan IV           (d. 1866)
25 Mar 1866 - 14 Feb 1899  Sadeq Mohammad Khan IV             (b. 1862 - d. 1899)
                             (from 9 Nov 1890, Sir
Sadeq Mohammad Khan IV)
25 Mar 1866 - 12 Feb 1879  ... Begum Sahiba (f) -Regent       (d. 1879)

Mar 1866 – 1879            British Superintendents
                           - William Ford (Mar-Nov 1866)      (b. 1821 - d. 1905)
                           - Charles Cherry Minchin           (b. 1829 - d. 1899)
                              (Nov 1866 – 1878)
                           - Leopold John Herbert Grey        (b. 1840 - d. 1903)
                              (1st time) (1878-1879)
14 Feb 1879 - 28 Nov 1879  Mahabat Khan -Regent (1st time)
14 Feb 1899 - 15 Feb 1907  Mohammad Bahawal Khan V            (b. 1883 - d. 1907)
14 Feb 1899 - 12 Nov 1903  Mahabat Khan -Regent (2nd time)
14 Feb 1899 - Apr 1903     Leopold John Herbert Grey          (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)(British superintendent)
15 Feb 1907 - 14 Oct 1955  Sadeq Mohammad Khan V              (b. 1904 - d. 1966)
                             (from 17 Mar 1922, Sir Sadeq Mohammad Khan V)
17 Aug 1907 -  1 Oct 1922  Sir Maulvi Rahim Bakhsh -Regent    (b. 1857 - d. 1936)
                             (president of the council of regency)
1922 - 1923                Mohammad Khan -Regent              (b. 1884 - d. 1955)
                             (president of the council of regency)

Wazirs (chief ministers; full title in 1906: Mushir-I-Ala, Wazir)
1809 - af.1811             Nasir Khan Baluchi (or Gorgej)
22 Mar 1811 - 1811         Sahibzada Khudayar Khan            (d. 1811)
                             (in opposition)
1825 - 18..                Muhammad Yaqub
Nov 1852 - 1853            Munshi Chaukas Rai                 (d. 1853)
Feb 1853 - 1853            Faqir Siraj-ud-din                 (d. 1853)
1853 - 185.                Jamadar Ahmad Khan Mallezai
                             (1st time)
185. - 1858                ....
Oct 1858 - 25 May 1859     Jamadar Ahmad Khan Mallezai
                             (2nd time)
27 Sep 1865 - Mar 1866?    Ghulam Mohammad Chaki
1866 - Sep? 1867           Muhammad Nizam Khan
1866                       Muhammad Raza Khan
                             (in opposition)
1867 - 18..                Charles Cherry Minchin             (s.a.)
                             (superintendent of the state)
18.. – Jun 1880            Sheikh Firoz-ud-din                (d. 1880)

Jun 1880 – Mar 1881        the Emir
Mar 1881 – Jan 1882        Muhammad Nawaz Shah
Jan 1882 - Jan 1883        Muhammad Mahdi Khan
Jan 1883 - Aug 1883        Vacant
Aug 1883 - Dec 1888        Mirza Agha Muhammad Khan           (d. 1893)
Dec 1888 - Jul 1889        the Council
Jul 1889 – Mar 1890        Mir Ibrahim Ali (1st time)

Mar 1890 – 1891            Sheikh Muhammad Nasir-ud-din
                             (1st time)
Feb 1892 – Feb 1898        Mir Ibrahim Ali (2nd time)
Feb 1898 - 1899            Mirza Jindwade Khan
14 Feb 1899 - Apr 1903     Leopold John Herbert Grey          (s.a.)
                             (British superintendent)
1903 - 1907                Sheikh Muhammad Nasir-ud-din  
17 Aug 1907 -  1 Oct 1922  the Council of Regency

Chief ministers

 1 Oct 1922 - 1923         Sir Maulvi Rahim Bakhsh            (s.a.)
Jan 1923 - 1928            Nawab Maula Bakhsh Khan Bahadur    (b. 1862 - d. 1949)
1928 - 1929                Sir Sikandar Hyat Khan             (b. 1892 - d. 1942)
28 Feb 1929 - 1942         Khan Bahadur Mian Nabi Baksh
                             Muhammad Husain
Prime ministers

Apr 1942 - 1947            Richard Marsh Crofton              (b. 1891 - d. 1955)
                             (from 14 Jun 1945, Sir Richard Marsh Crofton) 
16 Apr 1947 - Dec 1948     Mian Mushtaq Ahmad Gurmani         (b. 1905 - d. 1981)
Dec 1948 - 1952            Arthur John Dring                  (b. 1902 - d. 1991)
1952 -  2 Nov 1954         Makhdumzada Syed Hasan Mahmud      (b. 1922 - d. 1986)  ML
 2 Nov 1954 - 14 Oct 1955  the Emir

British Political Agents in Bahawalpur
1833 - 1838                Frederick Mackeson                 (b. 1807 - d. 1853)
1838 - 1840                A.C. Gordon
Jul 1840 - 23 Sep 1843     Thomas
23 Sep 1843 -  3 Dec 1843  Charles Graham
bf.Apr 1848 - 1855         Pir Ibrahim Khan (native agent)    (d. 1855)
28 Jun 1848 - 1849         Edward Lake (acting for Khan)      (b. 1823 - d. 1877)
Nov 1850 - May 1852        Pir Ahmad Khan (acting for Khan)
1855 - 1865                Pir Abbas Khan (native agent)
10 Oct 1865 - 1866         Sayyid Murad Shah (native agent)
British Bahawalpur Superintendents
 
4 Aug 1866 - Nov 1866     William Ford                       (s.a.)
                             (also commissioner Multan)
Nov 1866 - Mar 1871        Charles Cherry Minchin (1st time)  (s.a.)
Mar 1871 - Jan 1873        Leopold John Herbert Grey          (s.a.)
                             (1st time) (acting)
1873 - 1877                Charles Cherry Minchin (2nd time)  (s.a.)
1877 - 1879               
Leopold John Herbert Grey          (s.a.)
                             (2nd time) (acting)
May 1879 - Nov 1879        John Graham Cordery                (b. 1833 - d. 1900)
1879 - 1899                Political agency suppressed
14 Feb 1899 - Apr 1903     Leopold John Herbert Grey          (s.a.)
                             (3rd time)
Apr 1903 - 1905            James Robert Dunlop-Smith          (b. 1858 - d. 1921)
                             (also Phulkian States agent)
1905 - 1913                Charles Mowbray Dallas             (b. 1861 - d. 1936)
                             (also Phulkian States agent)
Aug 1910 - Jun 1913        Charles Herbert Atkins             (b. 1870 - d. 1955)
                             (also Phulkian States agent)
British Political Agents
in Bahawalpur
22 Nov 1913 – 16 Dec 1916  Charles Alfred Elliott             (s.a.)

16 Dec 1916 - 1920         Winter Charles Renouf              (b. 1868 – d. 1954)
 1 Apr 1920 – 1921         Aubrey John "A.J." O'Brien         (b. 1870 – d. 1930)

Pakistani Chief Advisor
1953 - 1955                A.R. Khan



Sind (Sindh)

1053                       State of as-Sind secedes from Ghaznavid empire.
1781/82                    The Talpur clan displaces the Kalhora clan as rulers of Sind.
29 Nov 1834                British protectorate.
12 Feb 1843                Britain extinguishes the state, its territory being eventually
                             incorporated into British India and, from 15 Aug 1947, 
                             into Pakistan.

Khans (often ruling jointly)
1783 - 1801                Mir Fath `Ali ibn Sobhdar
1801 - 1811                Gholam `Ali ibn Sobhdar
1801 - 1828                Karim `Ali ibn Sobhdar
1801 - 1833                Morad `Ali ibn Sobhdar
1833 - 1840                Nur Mohammad ibn Morad `Ali
1833 - 12 Feb 1843         Nasir Mohammad ibn Morad `Ali      (b. 1805 - d. 1845)
1833 - 12 Feb 1843         Sobhdar
1833 - 12 Feb 1843         Mohammad
1840 - 12 Feb 1843         Shahdad ibn Nur Mohammad
1840 - 12 Feb 1843         Hosayn `Ali ibn Nur Mohammad
 
British Resident in Sind (in Hyderabad)
1838 - 1839                Henry Pottinger                    (b. 1789 - d. 1856)

British Political Agent in Lower Sind and later Upper Sind

1839 - 1843                James Outram                       (b. 1803 - d. 1863)



Khayrpur (Khairpur)
 
[Khairpur
                          c.1860/70 (Princely state, British India)]
c.1860/70
[Khairpur
                          c.1860/70 alternate (Princely state, British
                          India)]
c.1860/70 Alternate
[Khairpur
                          state to 1955 (Pakistan)]
to 14 Oct 1955
Capital: Khayrpur (Khairpur)
Population:
 319,543 (1951) 

State Troops:
None (1939)
Constitution
Government of Khairpur
Act (1949), (1953)
Salute: 15 guns
(increased to 17
by Pakistan)

1786                       Khayrpur (Khairpur) state founded by branch of the Talpur clan
                             ruling Sindh.

1786 - 1813                Under Afghan suzerainty. 
25 Dec 1838                British protectorate (by treaty).
 
9 Oct 1947                Khayrpur accedes to Pakistan.
14 Oct 1955                State extinguished, part of West Pakistan (from 1970, Sind).

Rulers (title Mir)
1786 - 1811                Sohrab Khan                        (b. 17.. - d. 1832)
1811 - 20 Dec 1842         Rostam `Ali Khan                   (b. 1758 - d. 1846)
1829 - 1839                Mobarak `Ali Khan (in rebellion)
1839 - 18..                Naser Khan (in rebellion)
20 Dec 1842 -  2 Apr 1894  `Ali Morad Khan I                  (b. 1815 - d. 1894)
                             (from 30 May 1891, Sir `Ali Morad Khan)
 2 Apr 1894 -  5 Mar 1909  Fa΄iz Mohammad Khan I              (b. 1837 - d. 1909)
                             (from 22 Jun 1897, Sir Fa΄iz Mohammad Khan I)
 
6 Mar 1909 -  8 Feb 1921  Emam Bakhsh Khan                   (b. 1860 - d. 1921)
                             (from 12 Dec 1911, Sir Emam Bakhsh Khan;
                             from 1 Jan 1921, personal style Mir Nawwab)
 8 Feb 1921 - 26 Dec 1935  `Ali Nawaz Khan                    (b. 1884 - d. 1935)
                             (deprived of administration from Jun 1931)
26 Dec 1935 - 19 Jul 1947  Fa΄iz Mohammad Khan II             (b. 1913 - d. 1954)
19 Jul 1947 - 14 Oct 1955  `Ali Morad Khan II                 (b. 1933)
                             (= George Ali Murad Khan)
19 Jul 1947 - 16 Sep 1951  Mir Ghulam Husain Talpur -Regent   (b. 1902 - d. af.1954)
                             (president of regency council)

Wazirs (chief ministers)
c.1833                     Nawab Wali Muhammad Leghari
c.1834                     Mir Fakhruddin Alavi
c.1839 - c.1842            Fath Mohamed Khan Ghori
bf.1892                    Syed Fateh Ali Shah
18.. - 1892                Utlam Chand
1892 - 1903                Kadirdad Khan
1903 - 24 Jan 1907         Sardar Mohammad Yakub Khan         (b. 1858 - d. 1907)
Jan 1907 - 1912            Shaikh Sadiq Ali
1912 - 1920                Maulvi Mahomed Ibrahim Khan
                             Shaikh Ismail
1920 - 1925                Shaikh Mohamed Kadir
1925 - 1926                Muhammad Yakub Khan
Presidents (1931-1942/44, Vice-presidents) of the Executive Council
1927 - 1931               
the Ruler
May 1931 - May 1932        Ivon Hope Taunton                  (b. 1890 - d. 1957)
May 1932 - Mar 1937        Joseph Maurice Sladen              (b. 1896 - d. 1956)
13 Mar 1937 - 1947         Syed Ijaz Ali                      (b. c.1880 - d. 1985)
12 Jul 1947 - 16 Sep 1951  Mir Ghulam Husain Talpur           (s.a.)
Chief minister
16 Sep 1951 - 14 Oct 1955  Mumtaz Husain Qizilbash
            (b. 1897 - d. 1964)  ML



Mirpur

1801                       Mirpur state founded by branch of the Talpur clan.
12 Feb 1843                Britain extinguishes the state, its territory being eventually 
                             incorporated into British India and, from 15 Aug 1947, 
                             into Pakistan (from 25 Nov 1947, part of Sind).

Rulers (title Mir)
1801 - 1829                Tharo Khan ibn Morad `Ali
1829 - 12 Feb 1843         Shir Mohammad ibn Tharo



Baluchistan states
  
Capital: Kalat
Population: 551,978 (1951)

1839                       Eastern Baluchistan within British sphere of influence;
                             for Western Baluchistan see under Iran.
 1 Oct 1887                Baluchistan states part of British India (from 1948, Pakistan).
 3 Oct 1952 - 14 Oct 1955  The four Baluchistan states form the Baluchistan States
                             Union.

President of the Council of Rulers (Khan-e A`zam)
 3 Oct 1952 - 14 Oct 1955  Sir Ahmad Yar Khan, Wali of Kalat  (b. 1904 - d. 1979)

Chief minister
1952 - 16 Jun 1954         Agha Abdul Hamid                   (b. 1912 - d. 1994)


Kalat

[Kalat state c.1680
                        - 1952 (Pakistan)]
c.1680 - 14 Apr 1952

Map of Kalat Capital: Kalat
(Khelat)
Population:
334,985 (1951)
State Troops:
300 (1939)
Constitution
Government of
Kalat Act (1947)
Salute: 19 guns

1638                       Kalat State founded.
1758 - 18..                Under Afghan suzerainty.
14 May 1854                Under British protection.
 8 Dec 1876                British protectorate (by treaty).
15 Aug 1947                Kalat proclaims independence of Baluchistan, claimed authority
                             over other Baluchistan states.
31 Mar 1948                Kalat accedes to Pakistan (invaded by Pakistan on 27 Mar 1948).
 3 Oct 1952                Joins Baluchistan States Union.
14 Oct 1955                State extinguished, part of West Pakistan (from 1970, Baluchistan).
20 Jun 1958 -  6 Oct 1958  Ruler of Kalat again in rebellion declares Baluchistan independent.  

Rulers (titles Wali, Khan; from 1739 Wali, Begler Begi, Khan)
1695                       Mehrab Khan I
1695 - 1714                Samander Khan
1714 - 1734                Abdullah Khan                      (d. 1738)
1734 - 1749                Muhabat Khan                       (d. 1749)
1749 - 1794                Hosayn Nasur Khan I                (b. 1717 - d. 1794)
1794 - 13 Nov 1839         Mahmud Khan I                      (b. 1781 - d. 1839)
1839 - 1840                Mehrab Khan II                     (b. 1795 - d. 1846) 
1840 - 1857                Hosayn Nasir Khan II               (b. 1836 - d. 1857)
1857 - Mar 1863            Khodadad Khan (1st time)           (b. 1844 - d. 1893)
Mar 1863 - May 1864        Shirdil Khan                       (b. 1846 - d. 1864)
May 1864 - 15 Aug 1893     Khodadad Khan (2nd time)           (s.a.)
                             (from 1 Jan 1877, Sir Khodadad Khan)
10 Nov 1893 -  3 Nov 1931  Mahmud Khan II                     (b. 1864 - d. 1931)
                             (from 9 Aug 1894, Mahmud Khan II)
 3 Nov 1931 - 10 Sep 1933  Sir Mohammad A`zam Jan Khan        (b. 1876 - d. 1933)
                             (from 3 Jun 1932, Sir Mohammad A`zam Jan Khan)
10 Sep 1933 - 14 Oct 1955  Ahmad Yar Khan (1st time)          (b. 1904 - d. 1979)
                            
(from 1 Jan 1936, Sir Ahmad Yar Khan)
20 Jun 1958 -  6 Oct 1958  Sir Ahmad Yar Khan (2nd time)      (s.a.)
                             (in dissidence)

Wazir-e-Azam (chief ministers)
1933 - 1936                Edmund Wakefield                   (b. 1903 - d. 1969)
c.1937                     Sahibzada Mohammad Kurshid         (b. 1901 - d. ....)
c.1938                     Sardar Mohammad Nawaz Khan
c.1939                     Sharbat Khan Afridi
1940 - 1944                Louis Alexander Pinhey             (b. 1901 - d. 1988)
1944 - Aug 1947            Mohammad Aslam Khan                (b. c.1923 - d. 2014)
Chief ministers
Aug 1947 - Apr 1948        Mohammad Aslam Khan                (s.a.)
Apr 1948 - Jul 1948        Douglas Yates Fell                 (b. 1910 - d. 1982)
Jul 1948 - Mar 1951        Mohammad Zarif Khan
Mar 1951 - 1952            Agha Abdul Hamid                   (b. 1912 - d. 1994)

British Political Agents in Kalat (as of 1947, in charge of the Baluchistan statesΉ;
under the British resident in Baluchistan)

1839 - 1840                William Loveday                    (b. 1809? - d. 1840)
1840 - 1856                Vacant
1856                       Henry Green (1st time)             (b. 1823 - d. 1912)
1856 - Nov 1857            Macaulay
Nov 1857 - 1860            Sir Henry Green (2nd time)         (s.a.)
1861 - 1862                Dickenson
May 1862 - Feb 1867        Malcolm Green
1869 -  1 Apr 1873         Harrison
 
1 Apr 1873 - 21 Feb 1877  Vacant
21 Feb 1877 - 14 May 1877  O.T. Duke (1st time)
15 May 1877 - 18 Dec 1877  H. Wylie
19 Dec 1877 – Dec 1884     O.T. Duke (2nd time)
22 Dec 1884 -  9 May 1885  T. Hope
 9 May 1885 – 30 Apr 1887  Arthur Henry Temple Martindale     (b. 1854 - d. 1942)
                             (1st time)
 6 May 1887 – 29 Nov 1887  Lindsay Sherwood Newmarch          (b. 1857 - d. 1930)
29 Nov 1887 – 20 Mar 1895  Arthur Henry Temple Martindale     (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
21 Mar 1895 –  2 Apr 1895  Philip Trevor Augustine Spence     (b. 1865 - d. 19..)
 2 Apr 1895 – 22 Nov 1896  E. Le Mesurier (1st time)
22 Nov 1896 – 24 Dec 1896  Robert Arthur Edward Benn          (b. 1867 - d. 1940)
24 Dec 1896 –  1 Mar 1897  E. Le Mesurier (2nd time)
 7 Apr 1897 – 25 Nov 1900  Stuart George Knox                 (b. 1869 - d. 1956)
25 Nov 1900 – 28 Dec 1900  Khan Bahadur Kazi Jalaluddin Khan  (b. 1890 – d. 1958)
                             (1st time)
29 Dec 1900 - 26 Sep 1902  Herbert Lionel Showers (1st time)  (b. 1861 - d. 1916)
27 Sep 1902 - 26 Oct 1902  Khan Bahadur Kazi Jalaluddin Khan  (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
27 Oct 1902 -  3 Oct 1904  Herbert Lionel Showers (2nd time)  (s.a.)
 4 Oct 1904 - 16 Nov 1904  Arthur Berkeley Drummond           (b. 1869 - d. 1918)
17 Nov 1904 -  3 Apr 1905  Allen McConaghey                   (b. 1864 - d. 19..)
 4 Apr 1905 - Jul 1906     Herbert Lionel Showers (3rd time)  (s.a.)
Jul 1906 - Aug 1912        Robert Arthur Edward Benn          (b. 1876 - d. 1940)
27 Feb 1907 – 11 Mar 1907  Henry Rundle Lawrence              (b. 1878 - d. 1949)
                             (acting for Benn)   
29 Oct 1910 – 20 Dec 1910  Edmond Henry Salt James            (b. 1874 - d. 1952)
                             (acting for Benn)   
Aug 1912 - Nov 1916        Armine Brereton Dew                (b. 1867 - d. 1941)

Nov 1916 - Feb 1918        Thomas Guy Marriott Harris         (b. 1882 - d. 1955)
 
5 Dec 1917 – 18 Dec 1917  Claude Henry Gidney                (b. 1887 - d. 1968)
                             (acting for Harris)   
13 Feb 1918 - May 1920     Arthur Dennys Gilbert Ramsay       (b. 1872 - d. 1939)

27 Aug 1919 - 14 Oct 1919  James Glasgow Acheson              (b. 1889 - d. 1973)
                             (acting for Ramsay)

11 Nov 1919 - 31 Dec 1919  James Glasgow Acheson              (s.a.)
                             (acting for Ramsay)
 1 Jan 1920 – 19 Mar 1920  William Gordon Hutchinson          (b. 1876 - d. 1940)
Mar 1920 - Nov 1922        Arthur Leslie Jacob                (b. 1870 - d. 1944)

 
8 Nov 1922 - Jul 1927     Terence Humphrey Keyes (1st time)  (b. 1877 - d. 1939)
 
1 Jul 1925 – 20 Jul 1925  Herbert John Todd                  (b. 1893 - d. 1985)
                             (acting for Keyes)

 6 Aug 1925 – 23 Aug 1925 
Herbert John Todd                  (s.a.)
                            
(acting for Keyes)
11 Nov 1925 –  1 Jul 1926 
Herbert John Todd                  (s.a.)
                             (acting for Keyes)
12 Jul 1927 – 31 Oct 1927  Conrad Laurence Corfield
           (b. 1893 - d. 1980)
 
1 Nov 1927 – 11 Mar 1928  Terence Humphrey Keyes (2nd time)  (s.a.)
12 Mar 1928 –  1 Jun 1929  John Aloysius Brett                (b. 1879 - d. 1955)

24 Feb 1929 – 24 Mar 1929  Dudley Gordon Heriot de la Fargue  (b. 1897 - d. 1960)
                             (acting for Brett)
 2 Jun 1929 –  7 Aug 1929  Henry Mortimer Poulton (1st time)  (b. 1898 - d. 1973)
 8 Aug 1929 – 25 Sep 1929  Robert Richardson Burnett          (b. 1897 - d. 1975)
21 Nov 1929 - Nov 1931     Charles Terence C. Plow
den         (b. 1883 - d. 1956)
 
6 Mar 1932 – 20 Mar 1932  Henry Mortimer Poulton (2nd time)  (s.a.)
21 Mar 1932 – 23 Mar 1934  Clarmont Percival Skrine (1st time)(b. 1888 - d. 1974)
23 Apr 1934 -  8 Dec 1934  Giles Frederick Squire             (b. 1894 - d. 1958)
 9 Dec 1934 – 22 Jun 1935
  Clarmont Percival Skrine (2nd time)(s.a.)  
22 Jun 1935 -  5 Feb 1937  Hugh Weightman                     (b. 1898 - d. 1949)

 
5 Feb 1937 -  7 Apr 1938  Everard Huddlestone Gastrell       (b. 1896 - d. 1980)
 
8 Apr 1938 -  4 Apr 1940  Cosmo Grant Niven Edwards          (b. 1896 - d. 1964)
 
5 Apr 1940 - Oct 1941     Carleton Stuart Searle             (b. 1895 - d. 1980)
 
9 Oct 1941 - Oct 1944     Arthur John Hopkinson              (b. 1894 - d. 1953)
Oct 1944 - Sep 1945        Richard Kenneth Maitland Saker     (b. 1908 - d. 1991)
29 Sep 1945 - 14 Aug 1947  Tom Hickinbotham                   (b. 1903 - d. 1983)

 Ήthe Baluchistan states as of 1947: Kalat, Kharan, and Las Bela.



Las Bela

[Las Bela Princely state to
                1952 (Pakistan)]

Capital: Bela
Population: 75,769
(1951)
State Troops:
100 (1939)
Salute: None

1333                       Las Bela State founded.
1742                       Las Bela State re-founded.
1876                       British protectorate.
17 Mar 1948                Las Bela accedes to Pakistan.

 3 Oct 1952                Joins Baluchistan States Union.
14 Oct 1955                State extinguished, part of West Pakistan (from 1970, Baluchistan). 

Rulers (title Jam Saheb)
.... - 1742                Izzat Khan I
1742                       Bibi Chaguli (f)
1742 - 1765                `Ali Khan I
1765 - 1776                Gholam Shah
1776 - 1818                Mir Khan I
1818 - 1830                `Ali Khan II
1830 - 1869                Mir Khan II (1st time)             (d. 1888)
1869 - 1886                `Ali Khan III (1st time)           (b. 1849 - d. 1896) 
1886 - 1888                Mir Khan II (2nd time)             (s.a.)
21 Jan 1888 - 14 Jan 1896  `Ali Khan III (2nd time)           (s.a.)
                             (from 2 Jan 1893, Sir `Ali Khan III)
14 Jan 1896 - Mar 1921     Kamal Khan                         (b. 1874 - d. 1921) 

Mar 1921 -  5 Nov 1937     Gholam Mohammad Khan               (b. 1895 - d. 1937)
 5 Nov 1937 - 14 Oct 1955  Gholam Qader Khan                  (b. 1920 - d. 1988)
1937 – 21 Mar 1939         Sheikh Nabi Bakhsh Khan -Regent
                             (Wazir, chairman of Advisory Council)



Makran

[Makran Princely
                        state c.1947-1952 (Pakistan)]
c.1947 - 14 Apr 1952

Capital: Turbat
Population: 86,651 (1951) State Troops:
None (1939)
Salute: None

1725                       Makran established as a sub-state of Kalat.
1917 - 1922                No rulers.
17 Mar 1948                Makran ceases being a sub-state of Kalat and
                             accedes to Pakistan.

 3 Oct 1952                Joins Baluchistan States Union.
14 Oct 1955                State extinguished, part of West Pakistan (from 1970, Baluchistan).

Ruler (title Nazem)
1725 - 1730                Harun Makrani Khan
1730 - 1731                Muhabat Khan (1st time)            (d. 1751)
1731 - 1739                Mohammad Khan I
1739 - 1740                Isa Khan
1740 - 1750                Nasir Khan
1750 - 1751                Muhabat Khan (2nd time)            (s.a.)
1751 - 1816                Mahmud Khan I
1816 - 1839                Mehrab Khan
1839 - ....                Mihran Khan
.... - ....                Hajjaz Khan
.... - 1905                Mohammad Khan II
1905 - 1917                Mehr Allah Mahmud Khan II
1917 - 1922                Vacant
Rulers (title Nawwab)
1922 - Mar 1948            A`zam Jan

Mar 1948 - 14 Oct 1955     Bai Khan Gichki                    (b. 1890 - d. af.1958)



Kharan

[Kharan Princely state to
                1952 (Pakistan)]

Capital: Kharan
Population:  54,573
(1951)
State Troops: 100
(1939)

Salute: None

bf.1697                    Kharan established 
1884                       Vassal state of Kalat.
1940                       Kharan ceases being a vassal of Kalat.

19 Aug 1947                Kharan declares independence from Kalat.
17 Mar 1948                Kharan accedes to Pakistan.

 3 Oct 1952                Joins Baluchistan States Union.
14 Oct 1955                State extinguished, part of West Pakistan (from 1970, Baluchistan).

Rulers (title Mir; 1 Jan 1919-1920, Sardar Bahador; from 5 Jun 1920, Sardar Bahador Nawwab)
.... - ....                Dosten Khan II
.... - ....                Shahdad Khan I
.... - 1711                Rahmat Khan                        (d. 1711)
1711 - 1759                Purdil Khan
1759 - 1764                Shahdad Khan II
1764 - 1796                `Abbas Khan II
1796 - 1804                Jahangir
Khan                      (d. 1806) 
1804 - 1835                `Abbas Khan III                    (d. 1835)
1835 - 1886                Azad Khan                          (b. 1794 - d. 1886)
1886 - Jun 1909            Nowruz Khan                        (b. 1855 - d. 1909)
                            
(from 24 May 1888, Sir Nowruz Khan)
1909 - 19 Apr 1911         Mohammad Ya`qub Khan               (b. 1873 - d. 1911)
1911                       Amir Khan (usurper)                (b. 1896 - d. 19..)
1911 - 14 Oct 1955         Habibullah Khan                    (b. 1897 - d. 1958)
1911 - 19..                Shahgassi Mouladad Khan -Superintendent



Frontier states

Amb (Tanawal)

[flag of Tanawal State
                commonly known as Amb (Pakistan)]

Capital: Darband
(Summer capital: Shergarh)

Population: 48,656 (1951) State Troops (regular): c.500 (1939 est.) Salute: None

....                       Tanawal State (Mulk e Tanawal), commonly known as Amb, founded.
1889                       British protectorate.
31 Dec 1947                Accedes to Pakistan (from 15 Oct 1955, as "special area').

28 Jul 1969                Incorporated into Pakistan, part of West Pakistan (from 1970,
                             North-West Frontier Province).

Rulers (title Mir; from 1868, Nawwab [hereditary from Jan 1919]; from 1921 Nawwab Bahador)
1800 - 1803                Haibat Khan                        (d. c.1803)
1803 - 1805                Hashim Ali Khan                    (d. 1805)
1805 - 1818                Nuab Khan                          (d. 1818)
1818 - 1843                Painda Khan                        (d. 1843)
1843 -  6 Nov 1858         Jahandad Khan                      (d. 1858)
1858 - Jan 1907            Mohammad Akram Khan                (b. 1849 - d. 1907)
                             (from 1868, personal style Nawwab Bahador
                            
(from 1 Jan 1889, Sir Mohammad Akram Khan)  
1907 - 26 Feb 1936         Mohammad Khan-i-Zaman Khan         (b. 1877 - d. 1936)

 
                          
(from 3 Jun 1921, Sir Mohammad Khan-i-Zaman Khan)
26 Feb 1936 - 28 Jul 1969  Mohammad Farid Khan                (b. 1893 - d. 1977)
                            
(from 1 Jan 1946, Sir Mohammad Farid Khan)



Chitral

[Chitral state to
                        1969 (Pakistan)]Flag to 28 Jul 1969

[Chitral
                          state alternate flag to 1969 (Pakistan)]
Alternate to 1969
Capital: Chitral
Population: 107,906 (1951) State Troops
(paramilitary):
980 (1939,
Chitral Scouts)
Salute: 11 guns

c.1585                     Chitral State re-founded by Katur dynasty.
1634 - 1712                Feudatory to Badakhshan (see under Afghanistan). 
1877 - 1911                Tributary of Jammu and Kashmir.
1889                       British protectorate.
 
6 Nov 1947                Chitral accedes to Pakistan (from 15 Oct 1955, as "special area").
28 Jul 1969                Incorporated into Pakistan, part of West Pakistan (from 1970,
                             North-West Frontier Province).

Rulers (title Mihtar) 
.... - 1700                Ghulam M
ohammad Beg
1700 - 17..                Shah Alam
17.. - 17..                M
ohammad Shafi
17.. - 1755                Interregnum
1755 - 1770                Faramurz Shah                      (d. 1790)
1770 - 1775                Shah Afzal I
1775 - 1778                Shah Fazil (Fadl)
1778 - 1788                
Mohammad Mohtaram Shah II          (d. 1841)
                             (1st time) 
1788 - 1798                Shah Nawaz Khan (1st time?)
1798 - 1817                Shah K
hairullah Kushqte            (d. c.1818)
1817 - 1833                Shah Nawaz Khan (2nd time?)
1833 - 1837                M
ohammad Mohtaram Shah II          (s.a.)
                             (2nd time) 
1837 - 1853                Shah M
ohammad Afzal II             (d. 1853)
1853 - 1858                
Mohammad Mohtaram Shah III         (d. 1858)
1858 - 30 Aug 1892         Shah Mohammad Aman al-Molk II      (b. 1820 - d. 1892)
30 Aug 1892 -  1 Dec 1892  Mohammad Afzal al-Molk             (b. 1875 - d. 1892)
 1 Dec 1892 - 12 Dec 1892  Shir Afzal Khan                    (b. 1873 - d. 1895)
12 Dec 1892 -  1 Jan 1895  Mohammad Nizam al-Molk             (b. 1874 - d. 1895)
 1 Jan 1895 -  1 May 1895  Mohammad Amin al-Molk              (b. 1878 - d. 1924)
 1 May 1895 - 13 Oct 1936  Mohammad Shoja` al-Molk            (b. 1882 - d. 1936)
                            
(from 1 Jan 1919, Sir Mohammad Shoja` al-Molk)
13 Oct 1936 - 29 Jun 1943  Mohammad Naser al-Molk             (b. 1897 - d. 1943)
                            
(from 1 Jan 1941, Sir Mohammad Naser al-Molk)
29 Jun 1943 -  7 Jan 1949  Mohammad Mozaffar al-Molk          (b. 1901 - d. 1949)
 7 Jan 1949 - 14 Oct 1954  Sayf ar-Rahman                     (b. 1926 - d. 1954)
14 Oct 1954 - 28 Jul 1969  Mohammad Naser Sayf al-Molk        (b. 1950 - d. 2011)
14 Oct 1954 - May 1966     Shahzada Asad ar-Rahman -Regent    (b. 1928 - d. 2005)



Dir (Dhir)

[Dir state to 1969
                        (Pakistan)]Flag to 28 Jul 1969

[Dir state
                          alternate flag to 1969 (Pakistan)]
Alternate to 1969
Capital: Dir (Dhir)
Population: 148,648
(1951)
 State Troops
(paramilitary):
290 (1939,
Dir Levies)

Salute: None

....                       Dir (Dhir) State founded.
1890 - 1895                Occupied by `Omara Khan of Jandol (Jandul).
1895                       British protectorate.
 8 Nov 1947                Dir accedes to Pakistan (from 15 Oct 1955, as "special area").

28 Jul 1969                Incorporated into Pakistan, part of West Pakistan (from 1970,
                             North-West Frontier Province).

Rulers (title Khan; from Jul 1897, Nawwab [a personal until
becoming hereditary Jul 1918])

.... - ....                Akhund Baba (= Mulla Illas Khan)
18.. - 18..                Gholam Khan Baba
18.. - 18..                Zafar Khan
18.. - 1863                Qasem Khan
1863 - 1874                Ghazzan Khan
1875 - 1886                Rahmat Allah Khan                   (d. 1925)
1886 - 1890                Mohammad Sharif Khan (1st time)     (b. c.1848 - d. 1904)
1890 - 1895                Mohammad `Omara Khan                (b. 1850 - d. 1903)
1895 -  8 Dec 1904         Mohammad Sharif Khan (2nd time)     (s.a.)
Dec 1904 - Jul 1913        Awrangzeb Badshah Khan (1st time)   (b. 1877 - d. 1925)
Jul 1913 - Jun 1914        Miangul Jan Khan                    (d. 1914)
Jun 1914 -  4 Feb 1925     Awrangzeb Badshah Khan (2nd time)   (s.a.)
 4
Feb 1925 -  9 Nov 1960  Mohammad Shah Jahan Khan            (b. 1895 - d. 1968)
                            
(from 3 Jun 1933, Sir Mohammad Shah Jahan Khan)
 9 Nov 1960 - 28 Jul 1969  Mohammad Shah Khosru Khan           (b. 1936)



Jandol (Jandul)

c.1830                     Jandol (Jandool or Jandul) state founded.
1890 - 1895                Jandol occupies Dir.
1898                       Annexed to Dir.

Rulers (title Khan)
c.1830 – 1879              Mohammad Aman Khan
1879 – 1881                Mohammad Zaman Khan                (d. 1881)
1881 – 1898                Mohammad `Omara Khan               (b. 1850 - d. 1903)


Phulra (Phulrah)

Capital: Phulra
Population: 8,709
(1951)
State Troops (regular):
140 (1939)

Salute: None

1828                       Phulra (Phulrah, Phulera) estate (jagir) created when the ruler
                             of Amb grants the area to his brother.
1828 - 1889                Under the suzerainty of Kashmir.
1889       
               British protectorate.

1919                      
Phulra estate recognized as a state.
Dec 1947                   Phulra accedes to Pakistan.
Sep 1950                   Incorporated into Pakistan, part of North-West Frontier Province.

Rulers (title Nawwab)
1828 - 1857                Madad Khan
1858 - 1890                Abdullah Khan
1890 - 1908                Abdur Rahman Khan
1908 - 1932                `Ata Mohammad Khan                 (b. 1879 - d. 1932)
1932 - Sep 1950            `Abd al-Latif Khan                 (b. 1907 - d. 1950)



Swat

[Swat state
                        c.1946-1969 (Pakistan)]
c.1946 - 28 Jul 1969


Capital: Saidu Sharif

Population: 446,014
(1951)

 State Troops (paramilitary):
200 (1939,
Swat Levies)
Salute: 15 guns
(granted by Pakistan;
before 1947: None)

1849                       Swat "secular" state founded.
1863 - 28 Apr 1914         Secular state in abeyance, rule by religious leaders (Akhonds).  
1897                       Submitted to the British.
 3 May 1926                Recognized as a fully-fledged princely state.
24 Nov 1947                Swat accedes to Pakistan (from 15 Oct 1955, as "special area").
28 Jul 1969                State extinguished, part of West Pakistan (from 1970, North-West
                             Frontier Province).

Rulers (title Amir-e Shariyat)
1849 -  1 May 1857         Sayyed Akbar Shah                  (b. 1793 - d. 1857)
 1 May 1857 - 1863         Sayyed Mubarak Shah Sahib
Religious Leaders (referred to as Akhonds)(sometimes ruling jointly)
1863 - 1877                `Abd al-Ghaffur "Saidu Baba"       (b. 1784 - d. 1877)
1877 - 1887                Miyangol `Abd al-Hanan             (b. 1852 - d. 1887)
1877 - 1892                Miyangol `Abd al-Khaliq            (b. 1858 - d. 1892)
1892 - 1903                Miyangol `Abd ar-Razak             (b. 1880 - d. 1903)
                            "Sayyed Badshah"
1892 - 28 Apr 1914         Miyangol Golshahzada `Abd al-Wadud (b. 1882 - d. 1971)
Rulers (title Amir-e Shariyat; from Nov 1918, Badshah Saheb; from 3 May 1926, Wali)

28 Apr 1914 - Sep 1917     Sayyed `Abd al-Jabbar Khan         (b. c.1878 - d. 1925)
Sep 1917 - 12 Dec 1949     Miyangol Golshahzada `Abd al-Wadud (s.a.)
                             (from 1 Jan 1930, Miyangol Golshahzada Sir `Abd al-Wadud)
12 Dec 1949 - 28 Jul 1969  Miyangol `Abd al-Haqq Jahanzib     (b. 1908 - d. 1987)


British Political Agents for North-West Frontier States

(Malakand agency or Dir-Swat-Chitral agency, in Malakand; as of 1947, in charge of the
North-West Frontier states
Ή; under British Governor of North-West Frontier Province)
Oct 1895 - 1899            Harold Arthur Deane                (b. 1854 - d. 1908)
Mar 1899 - 1901            Arthur Henry McMahon               (b. 1862 - d. 1944)
Apr 1901 - 1902            Charles Archer                     (b. 1861 – d. 1941)
Nov 1902 – 1907            Stuart Hill Godfrey (1st time)     (b. 1861 - d. 1941)
Jun 1907 - 1908            Charles Frederick Minchin          (b. 1862 – d. 1943)
Sep 1908 – 1909            Stuart Hill Godfrey (2nd time)     (s.a.)
Mar 1910 - 1910            William Pell Barton                (b. 1871 - d. 1956)
Jun 1910 – 1911            Robert Adolphus Lyall              (b. 1876 – d. 1948)
Feb 1911 – 1912            Horatio Norman Bolton              (b. 1875 – d. 1965)
Feb 1912 – 1914            Roger Lloyd Kennion                (b. 1866 – d. 1942)
Jun 1914 - 1919            William John Keen                  (b. 1873 – d. 1958)
Apr 1919 – 1920            Steuart Edmund Pears               (b. 1875 - d. 1931)
Dec 1920 – 1922            Walter Gordon Neale                (b. 1880 – d. 1966)
Jun 1922 – 1924            Hugh Stewart                       (b. 1872 – d. 1931)
Dec 1924 - 1925            Edmond Henry James                 (b. 1874 – d. 1952)
Nov 1925 - 1927            Herbert Aubrey Metcalfe            (b. 1883 – d. 1957)
May 1927 - 1928            Courtenay Latimer                  (b. 1880 – d. 1944)
Oct 1928 - 1930            John William Thomson Glover        (b. 1887 – d. 1943)
Oct 1930 – 1931            Kenneth Chalmers Packman (1st time)(b. 1899 - d. 1969)
Jan 1931 - 1931            Basil John Gould                   (b. 1883 – d. 1956)
Jul 1931 - 1932            William Rupert Hay (1st time)      (b. 1893 - d. 1962)
Apr 1932 - 1932            Ambrose Dundas Flux Dundas         (b. 1899 – d. 1973)
Jan 1933 – 1933            William Rupert Hay (2nd time)      (s.a.)
Nov 1933 – 1935            Leslie William Best                (b. 1896 – d. 1935)
May 1935 – 1937            Harry Hall Johnson                 (b. 1892 – d. 19..)
Mar 1937 - 1939            Evelyn Hey Cobb (1st time)         (b. 1899 - d. 1972)
Nov 1939 - 1941            George Leslie Mallam               (b. 1895 - d. 1978)
Nov 1941 - 1944            Kenneth Chalmers Packman (2nd time)(s.a.)
c.1945                     Mohammad Aslam Khan                (b. 1896 – d. 19..)
Jan 1946 - 1947            Nawab Sheikh Mahbub Ali Khan       (b. 1894 – d. 19..)
1947 - Aug 1947            Evelyn Hey Cobb (2nd time)         (s.a.)

 Ήthe North-West Frontier States as of 1947: Amb, Chitral, Dir, Phulra, and Swat.



Kashmir states

Baltistan

12..                       sBal-ti (a Western Tibetan kingdom) founded (from the 16th cent.
                             also known as Skardu after the capital).

1220 - 1840                Under the Maqpon (rMakpon) dynasty.
May 1840                   Baltistan becomes subject to Punjab, later Jammu and Kashmir.

1851                       Fully incorporated into Jammu and Kashmir.
14 Aug 1948                Occupied by Gilgit irregulars; later part of Gilgit-Baltistan.
 

Kings (title rGyal-po)
1595 - 1625/30             `Ali Sher Khan
c.1630                     Ahmad Khan
163. - 1636                Abdal Khan
1636 - 1655                Adam Khan
1655 - af.1663             Murad Khan
c.1670                     Sher Khan (1st time)
bf.1674                    Muhammad Rafi Khan (1st time)
c.1674 - 1678/79           Sher Khan (2nd time)
c.1679                     Muhammad Rafi Khan (2nd time)
1680 - 1710                Shir Khan

1710 - 1745                Mohammad Rafi
1745 - 1780                Sultan Murad II
1780 - 1785                `Azam Khan
1785 - 1787                Mohammad Zafar Khan
1787 - 1800                `Ali Shir Khan II                   (d. 1800)
1800 - 1841                Ahmed Shah                          (d. 1841)
1841 - c.1850              Mahmud Shah                         (d. c.1850)


Gilgit

[Islamic Republic of Gilgit, 1947
                      (Pakistan)]
1 Nov 1947 - 16 Nov 1947

....                       Gilgit state established in remote (legendary) antiquity.
1842 - 1847                Occupied by Sikhs (Punjab).
1848                       Gilgit annexed to Jammu and Kashmir.
1852 - 1860                Occupied by Chitral.
1935 -  1 Aug 1947         Leased by the State of Jammu and Kashmir to British India and
                             administered by the British Agent in the name of Jammu and
                             Kashmir; extension of the British authority over areas of
                             Gilgit Agency, namely states of Hunza and Nagar, five frontier
                             sub-districts (including Punial and Yasin under semi-hereditary
                             governors), and un-administered tribal areas of Darel and Tangir,
                             confirmed.
 1 Nov 1947                
Jammu and Kashmir authority overthrown and the Islamic Republic
                             of Gilgit is proclaimed
(claiming the area of Gilgit, former
                             Gilgit Agency, Baltistan, Kargil, and Ladakh
), with the aim
                             of joining Pakistan.

16 Nov 1947                Pakistan takes possession, the area designated as the Gilgit
                             Agency (see under Gilgit-Baltistan).

Rulers (title Ra)
17.. - 1800                Shah Goritham                      (d. 1800)
1800 - 1802                Sulaiman Shah of Yasin (1st time)  (d. 1826)
1802 - 1822                Mohammad Khan I                   
(d. c.1826)
1822 - 1825                Abbas Khan                         (d. c.1826)
1825 - 1826                Sulaiman Shah of Yasin (2nd time)  (s.a.)
1826 - 1838                Malika Sahibnuma (f)               (b. c.1800 - d. 1838)
1826 - 1827                Azad (Izzat) Khan of Punial -Regent(d. 1827)
1827 - 1837               
Tahir Khan of Nagar -Regent        (d. 1837)
1837 - 1840                Eskandar Khan (regent to 1838)     (d. 1840)
                             (also in Nagar)
1840 - 1842               
Gohar Aman Shah of Yasin           (b. c.1809 - d. 1860)
1842 - 1844                Karim Khan
(also in Nagar)         (d. 1844)
1844 - 1847                Mohammad Khan II                   (b. c.1827 - d. 1859)
1847 - 1848                Malik Aman Shah of Yasin           (d. af.1862)

President of the Provisional Government
 1 Nov 1947 - 16 Nov 1947
  Shah Rais Khan                     (b. 1885 - d. 1974)

British Political Agents for Gilgit
(as of 1947, in charge of Hunza and Nagar states; under the Resident in Kashmir)
Dec 1877 - Jul 1881        J
ohn Biddulph                      (b. 1840 - d. 1922)
1881 - 15 Jul 1881         Tanner (acting)
15 Jul 1881 - 17 Jul 1889  agency closed
17 Jul 1889 -  1 Nov 1893  Algernon George Arnold Durand      (b. 1854 - d. 1923)
 2 Nov 1893 - 26 Jan 1894  Andrew Murison McCrae Bruce        (b. 1842 - d. 1920) 
                             (acting)     
27 Jan 1894 - 28 Sep 1896  George Scott Robertson             (b. 1852 - d. 1916)
29 Jul 1896 - 13 Aug 1897  Stuart Hill Godfrey                (b. 1861 - d. 1941)
14 Aug 1897 - 30 Sep 1898  Arthur Henry MacMahon              (b. 1862 - d. 1949)
 1 Oct 1898 - 21 Oct 1901  John Manners Smith                 (b. 1864 - d. 1920)
22 Oct 1901 - 18 Oct 1903  William Hall Mackintosh Stewart    (b. 1856 - d. 19..)
19 Oct 1903 -  4 Oct 1906  Bertrand Evelyn Mellish            (b. 1867 - d. 1949)
                             Gurdon
15 Oct 1906 - Apr 1908     Arthur Francis Bruce               (b. 1863 - d. 1908)
30 Apr 1908 - Oct 1908     Archibald Duncan Macpherson        (b. 1872 - d. 1928)
                             (1st time) (acting)
28 Oct 1908 - 29 May 1911  Armine Brereton Dew                (b. 1867 - d. 1941)
30 May 1911 - 12 Oct 1916  Archibald Duncan Macpherson        (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
27 Nov 1911 – 14 Feb 1912  Clendon Turberville Daukes         (b. 1879 - d. 1947)
                             (acting for
Macpherson)
13 Oct 1916 - 20 May 1917  Edmond Henry Salt James            (b. 1874 - d. 1952)
21 May 1917 - 22 Sep 1920  Charles Aitchison Smith            (b. 1871 - d. 1940)
23 Sep 1920 - 20 Sep 1924  David Lockhart Robertson Lorimer   (b. 1870 - d. 1962)
21 Sep 1924 - 10 Oct 1927  Gordon Dalyell                     (b. 1890 - d. 1953)
11 Oct 1927 - 28 Sep 1931  Herbert John Todd                  (b. 1893 - d. 1985)
29 Sep 1931 - 21 Sep 1934  George Van Baerle Gillan           (b. 1890 - d. 1974)
22 Sep 1934 -  4 Oct 1937  George Kirkbride                   (b. 1894 - d. 1966)
 5 Oct 1937 - 13 Jun 1939  Ian William Galbraith              (b. 1899 - d. 1939)
14 Jun 1939 -  2 Oct 1939  Richmond Keith Molesworth Battye   (b. 1905 - d. 1958)
                             (acting)

 3 Oct 1939 -  8 Jul 1942  Gerald Charles Lawrence Crichton   (b. 1900 - d. 1969)
 8 Jul 1942 -  5 Sep 1945  Evelyn Hey Cobb                    (b. 1899 - d. 1972)
 5 Sep 1945 - 31 Jul 1947  Roger Noel Bacon                   (b. 1900 - d. ....)
Governor
(for the Maharaja of Jammu and Kashmir)
 1 Aug 1947 -  1 Nov 1947  Ghansar Singh Jamwal               (b. 1895 - d. 1991)


Hunza

[Hunza state flag to 1974
                (Pakistan)]

Capital: Karimabad
(
Baltit 1710-1960;
Altit 1560-1710)

Population: 15,341 (1941) State Troops:
None (1939)
Salute: 15 guns
(granted by Pakistan;
before 1947: None)

12..                       Hunza State founded.
1877 - 1947                Under suzerainty (sub-state) of Jammu and Kashmir (tributary
                             already from 1869).

1889                       British protectorate.
 3 Nov 1947                Hunza
declares its accession to Pakistan.
25 Sep 1974                State extinguished, part of Northern Areas (modern
                             Gilgit-Baltistan). 

Rulers (title Mir Tham)
15.. - ....                Hyder Khan
.... - ....                Yusuf Khan
.... - ....                Malik Thum
.... - ....                Mirza Thum I
.... - ....                Salim Khan I

.... - ....                Shah Sultan Khan
.... - 1710                Hari Thum Khan
1710 - 1740                Shahbaz Khan
1740 - 17..                Shah Khan II
17.. - 17..                Ghulam Nasir Khan
17.. - 1750                Shahbeg Khan
1750 - 1780                Shah Khisro Khan
1780 - 1790                Mirza Khan II 
1790 - 1825                Salim Khan II                      (d. 1825)
1825 - 1864                Ghazanfar `Ali Khan                (d. 1864)
1864 - 1886                Mohammad Ghazan Khan I             (d. 1886)
1886 - 15 Sep 1892         Safdar `Ali Khan                   (b. 1865 - d. 1931)
15 Sep 1892 - 22 Jul 1938  Mohammad Nazim Khan                (b. 1861 - d. 1938)
                            
(from 3 Jun 1921, Sir Mohammad Nazim Khan)
22 Jul 1938 - Apr 1945     Mohammad Ghazan Khan II            (b. 1895 - d. 1945)
Apr 1945 - 25 Sep 1974     Mohammad Jamal Khan                (b. 1910 - d. 1976)


Nagar (Nagir)

[Nagar state Possible Flag
                      to 1974 (Pakistan)]
Possible Flag to 25 Sep 1974
Capital: Nagar (Nagir)
Population: 14,874 (1941) State Troops:
None (1939)
Salute: None

13..                       Nagar (Nagir) state founded.
1877 - 1947                Under suzerainty (sub-state) of Jammu and Kashmir (tributary
                             already from 1868).

1889                       British protectorate.
19 Nov
1947                Nagar declares its accession to Pakistan.

25 Sep 1974                State extinguished, part of Northern Areas (modern
                             Gilgit-Baltistan).

Rulers (title Mir Tham)
c.1660                     Fadl Khan 
c.1690                     Da`ud Khan 
c.1700                     `Ali Dad Khan (1st time) 
c.1700                     Hari Tham Khan
17.. - 17..                `Ali Dad Khan (2nd time)
af.1750                    Kamal Khan 
c.1780 - 18..              Rahim Khan I 
bf.1809 - 1825             Ozor Khan I                        (d. 1825)
bf.1827 - 1837             Tahir Khan                         (d. 1837)
1837                       Rahim Khan II                      (d. 1837)

1837 - 1840                Eskandar Khan I                    (d. 1840)
                             (also in Gilgit)
1840 - 1844                Karim Khan                         (d. 1844)
                             (also in Gilgit)
1844 - 1891                Ja`far Zahed Khan (1st time)       (b. 18.. - d. 1904)
1886 - 1892                Ozor Khan II                       (d. 1922)
                             (jointly with above to 1891)
22 Sep 1892 - 1904         Ja`far Zahed Khan (2nd time)       (s.a.)
1904 - 17 Mar 1940         Eskandar Khan II                   (b. 1871 - d. 1940) 
                            
(from 1 Jan 1923, Sir Eskandar Khan II)
17 Mar 1940 - 25 Sep 1974  Showkat `Ali Khan                  (b. 1920 - d. 2003)







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