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Provinces of Nepal (from 2018)
 
Provinces: Province No. 1 - Province No. 2 - Bagmati - Gandaki Pradesh - Karnali Pradesh - Lumbini - Sudurpaschim Pradesh -

Note: The provinces were created according to the Constitution of Nepal adopted on 20 Sep 2015, which provided for the division of the country into seven Provinces. These provinces replaced the previous five Development Regions (vikasa ksetra), 14 administrative zones (anchal), and 75 Districts (jilla). According to Article 295 (2), the provinces shall be named by 2/3 vote of the respective province's legislature. Their first governors were appointed 19 Jan 2018 and the first chief ministers were elected Feb 2018.
 
Party abbreviations
: CPN-M = Communist Party of Nepal - Maoist Centre (communist, Marxist-Leninist-Maoist, Communist Party of Nepal [Maoist] 1994-2009, as Unified Communist Party of Nepal [Maoist] 2009-2016, 1994-17 May 2018, merged into NCP, restored 8 Mar 2021); CPN-UML = Nepal Kamyunist Parti - Ekikrit Marksvadi ra Leninvadi (Communist Party of Nepal-Unified Marxist-Leninist, communist, 1991-17 May 2018, merged into NCP, restored 8 Mar 2021); FSFN = Sanghiya Samajbadi Forum-Nepal (Federal Socialist Forum-Nepal, democratic socialist, merger of Madhesi Janadhikar Forum-Nepal, Federal Socialist Party Nepal, and Khas Samabeshi Party, est.15 Jun 2015); NC = Nepalese Congress (social-democratic, anti-Rana, est.1950); RPP = Rastriya Prajatantra Party (National Democratic Party, liberal conservative, est.1990);
- Former parties:
NCP = Nepalese Communist Party (Marxist-Leninist communist, federalist, democratic centralist, merger of CPN-M and CPN-UML, 17 May 2018-8 Mar 2021, dissolved)

Province Number 1


Chiefs of Province

19 Jan 2018 -  5 Nov 2019  Govinda Subba
Limbu                (b. 1958)            NC
 5 Nov 2019 -              Somanath Adhikari "Pyasi"          (b. 1951)        NCP;2021 CPN-UML

Chief ministers

14 Feb 2018 - 26 Aug 2021  Sher Dhan Rai                      (b. 1971)     CPN-UML;2018-21 NCP
26 Aug 2021 -              Bhim Acharya                       (b. 1959)            CPN-UML


Province Number 2


Chiefs of Province

19 Jan 2018 -  5 Nov 2019  Ratneshwar Lal Kayastha
           (b. 1944)            FSFN
 5 Nov 2019 - 19 Feb 2021  Tilak Pariyar                      (b. 1943)            NCP
19 Feb 2021 -
17 Aug 2021  Rajesh Jha "Ahiraj"                (b. 1979)        NCP;2021 CPN-UML
17 Aug 2021 -              Hari Shankar Mishra                (b. 1945?)           NC

Chief minister

15 Feb 2018 -              Mohammad Lalbabu Raut Gaddhi      
(b. 1966)            FSFN


Bagmati

12 Jan 2020                Province Number 3 renamed Bagmati.

Chiefs of Province

19 Jan 2018 -  5 Nov 2019  Anuradha Koirala (f)
               (b. 1949)            NC
 5 Nov 2019 -              Bishnu Prasad Prasai               (b. 1953?)       NCP;2021
CPN-UML

Chief ministers
14 Feb 2018 - 18 Aug 2021  Dormani Poudel                     (b. 1946)        CPN-UML:2018 NCP
18 Aug 2021 -              Astalaxmi Shakya (f)               (b. 1953)            CPN-UML


Gandaki Pradesh

 
6 Jul 2018                Province Number 4 renamed Gandaki Pradesh.

Chiefs of Province

19 Jan 2018 -  5 Nov 2019  Baburam Kunwar
                     (b. 1960)            NC
 5 Nov 2019 -  3 May 2021  Amik Sherchan                      (b. 1944)         NCP:2021 CPN-M
 3 May 2021 -
27 Jul 2021  Sita Kumari Poudel (f)             (b. 1958)            CPN-UML
27 Jul 2021 -              Prithvi Man Gurung                                      NC
 

Chief ministers

14 Feb 2018 - 12 Jun 2021  Prithvi Subba Gurung               (b. 1958)       CPN-UML;2018 NCP
12 Jun 2021 -
             Krishna Chandra Nepali Pokharel    (b. 1949)            NC


Karnali Pradesh

24 Feb 2018                Province Number 6 renamed Karnali Pradesh.

Chiefs of Province

19 Jan 2018 -  5 Nov 2019  Durga Keshar Khanal
                (b. 1948)            NC
 5 Nov 2019 -              Govinda Prasad Kalauni             (b. 1955)        NCP;2021 CPN-UML


Chief minister
14 Feb 2018 -              Mahendra Bahadur Shahi             (b. 1977)       CPN-M;2018-21 NCP


Lumbini 

 
6 Oct 2020                Province Number 5 renamed Lumbini.

Chiefs of Province

19 Jan 2018 -  5 Nov 2019  Umakanta Jha
                                           RJP
 5 Nov 2019 - 27 Jul 2021  Dharma Nath Yadav                  (b. 1949?)       NCP;2021 CPN-UML
27 Jul 2021 -              Amik Sherchan                      (b. 1944)            CPN-M

Chief ministers

14 Feb 2018 - 11 Aug 2021  Shankar Pokharel                   (b. 1964)        CPN-UML;2018 NCP
12 Aug 2021 -              Kul Prasad                         (b. 1971)            CPN-UML


Sudurpaschim Pradesh

28 Sep 2018                Province Number 7 renamed Sudurpaschim Pradesh.

Chiefs of Province

19 Jan 2018 -  5 Nov 2019  Mohan Raj Malla
                    (b. 1950? - d. 2021)  NC
 5 Nov 2019 -  3 May 2021  Sharmila Kumari Panta (f)          (b. 1969)          NCP;2021 CPN-M
 3 May 2021 -              Ganga Prasad Yadav                 (b. 1950)             CPN-UML

Chief minister

14 Feb 2018 -              Trilochan Bhatta                   (b. 1969)       CPN-M;2018-21 NCP




Ben Cahoon