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Princely States of India K-Z

States: Kachari - Kachh (Kutch) - Kadana - Kalahandi - Kalsia - Kambay (Cambay) - Kamta Rajaula - Kangra - Kanika - Kanker - Kannanur (Cannanore) - Kapurthala - Karauli - Kashtwar - Kathiwara (Kathiwada) - Kathiwada (Kathiwara) - Keonjhar - Keonthal - Khairagarh - Khandpara - Khaniadhana - Kharsawan - Kashmir - Khasi States - Khilchipur - Khirasra - Kishangarh - Koch Bihar (Cooch Behar) - Kochin (Cochin) - Kodagu (Coorg) - Kolaba (Colaba) - Kolhapur - Korea - Kota (Kotah) - Kotda-Sangani - Kothi - Kotkhai - Kozhikode (Calicut) - Kullu - Kumharsain - Kunihar - Kurandvad Junior Branch - Kurandvad Senior Branch - Kurnool - Kurwai - Kushalgarh - Kutlehar - Lakhtar - Lathi - Lawa - Limbdi - Loharu - Lugasi - Lunavada (Lunawada) - Mahisur (Mysore) - Mahlog (Mahilog) - Mahratta (Maratha) states (Nagpur - Peshwa's dominions - Tanjur) - Maihar - Makrai - Maler Kotla - Malia (Maliya) - Malpur - Manavadar (Bantva-Manavadar) - Mandi - Mangal - Manipur - Mansa - Mathwar - Mayurbhanj - Miraj Junior Branch - Miraj Senior Branch - Mohanpur - Morvi - Mudhol - Muhammadgarh - Muli - Nabha - Nagodh - Naigawan-Rebai - Nalagarh - Nandgaon (Raj Nandgaon) - Nargund - Narsinghgarh (Narsingarh) - Narsinghpur - Nawanagar (Navanagar) - Nayagarh - Nilgiri - Nurpur - Orchha - Pal Lahara - Palanpur - Paldeo - Palitana - Pañjab (Punjab) - Panna - Partabgarh - Pataudi - Patdi - Pathari - Patiala - Patna - Phaltan - Piploda - Poonch (Punch) - Porahat - Porbandar - Pudukottai - Radhanpur - Raigarh - Rairakhol - Rajauri (Rajouri) - Rajgarh - Rajkot - Rajpipla - Ramdurg - Ramnad - Rampur - Ranasan - Ranpur - Ratesh (Kot) - Ratlam - Rewa (Rewah) - Sachin - Sakti - Sambalpur - Samthar - Sandur - Sangli - Sangri - Sanjeli - Sant - Sardargadh - Sarila - Satara - Savantvadi (Sawantwadi) - Savanur - Sayla - Seraikella - Shahpura - Shailana (Sailana) - Siba (Dada-Siba) - Sikkim - Sirmur - Sirohi - Sitamau - Sivaganga - Sohawal - Sonepur (Sonpur) - Suket - Sundem - Surat -Surgana - Surguja - Talcher - Tehri Garhwal - Thanesar - Tharad - Tharoch - Tigiria - Tiruvidamkodu (Travancore) - Tonk - Tori-Fatehpur - Tripura (Hill Tipperah) - Udaipur (Madhya Pradesh) - Udaipur (Mewar) - Utkala (Orissa) - Vadia - Vala (Vallabhipura) - Valasna (Walasna) - Vankaner (Wankaner) - Vijaynagar (Pol) - Virpur - Wadagam (Vadagam) - Wadhwan - Wadi (Vadi) - Wao (Vav, Wai) - Zainabad -

Note
:
The British ruled India with two administrative systems: British Provinces and Indian "princely" states; about 60% of the territory of the Indian sub-continent were provinces and 40% were princely states. Provinces were British territories directly administered by the colonial government of British India. Princely states were states with native rulers which had entered into treaty relations with the British by treaty (in case of important states) or by short declaration (sanad). 
  Except for some states that were extinguished in the 19th century (such as Arkat, Assam, Awadh, Kodagu, Mahratta states, Pañjab, Utkala), this record contains those Indian ("princely") states that acceded to India with effective date on or after 15 Aug 1947. This list is selective, there were roughly 584 states when Britain granted the Indian independence on 15 Aug 1947; about 210 are listed here. Rulers of 118 states (113 in modern India, 4 in Pakistan, plus Sikkim) were entitled to gun salutes. Number of guns indicated rank of the ruler (hereditary number of guns as of 1947 noted below under each state. The states continued after their accession to India until their "integration" (merger into larger provinces/states or in case of 9 states becoming provinces/states on their own) at various dates from Jan 1948 to Jan 1950 (Jammu and Kashmir in 1952). Personal privileges of former rulers were abolished in 1971.
  However, only "states" are included; "estates" (
jagir), "estate revenue grants" (thikana), and "land grants" (zamindari) are excluded, no matter how prominent and/or titled their their jagirdars, thakurs, or zamindars were. An exception is made for seven estates in direct relations with the British as of 1947 that were not part of the British India provinces. Obsolete but once official English-language names  of the polities are given in parentheses, i.e., Awadh (Oudh). The princely states of India entered into protectorate/tributary relations with Britain by the end of the 19th century, where exact dates are known they are noted. The phrase "British India" is used for U.K. colonial possessions even before 1858, for brevity.
  British (and Indian) local political officers (residents, agents, commissioners) usually were in charge of multiple states, they are recorded under the state where they had their office or under one of largest states.

Party abbreviations: ABHM = Akhil Bharat Hindu Mahasabha (All-India Hindu Grand-Assembly, Hindu nationalist, split from INC, est.1915); ABKM = Akhil Bharatiya Kshatriya Mahasabha (All-India Kshatriya Grand-Assembly, royalist, conservative, est.1897); AISPC = All India States People's Conference (social-democratic, association of princely states-based parties, 1927-25 Apr 1948, merged into INC); CPP = Cochin Progressive Party (center-left, pro-responsible government in Cochin, 1938-1948); INC = Indian National Congress Party (populist, social-democratic, pro-independence, est.1885)

Kachari


835 AD                     Legendary foundation of predecessor state Dimasa.
1540                       Capital moved to Maibang.
1757                       Capital moved to Khaspur.
Mar 1819 - Jun 1825        Occupied by Burma.
1832                       Annexed to British India (part of Bengal, from 1874 Assam).

Rajas
1699 - 1708                Tamradhwaj Narayan
1708 - 1710                Chandraprabha (f)
1710 - 1730                Suradarpa Narayan
1730 - 1735                Dharmadhwaj Narayan
                             (Harischandra Narayan)
1735 - 1745                Kirichandra Narayan
1745 - 1757                Gopichandra Narayan
1757 - 1772                Harischandra II
1772 - 1813                Krishnachandra Narayan Hasnusa
1813 - 24 Apr 1830         Gobindchandra Narayan Hasnusa      (d. 1830)
1830 - 1832                Senapoti Tularam Thaosen           (d. 1854)



Kachh (Kutch/Cutch)
 
[Kachh (Kutch)
                          to 1948 (India)]
to 1 Jun 1948
[Kachh (Kutch)
                          Merchant Flag 1921-1947 (India)]
  2 Aug 1921 - 14 Aug 1947 Merchant Flag
Capital: Bhuj
Population: 500,800 (1941)
State Forces/Troops: 1,230 (1939)
Salute: 17 guns

1270                       Kachh (Kutch/Cutch) state founded.
Nov 1815                   British protectorate, confirmed in 1819 (by treaty).
15 Aug 1947                Accedes to India.
 1 Jun 1948                Integrated as Kutch province (from 26 Jan 1950 state).
 1 Nov 1956                Part of Bombay.
 1 May 1960                Part of Gujarat.

Rulers (title Maharao; 1740-1918 Mirza Maharao; from 1 Jan 1918, Maharajadhiraj Mirza Maharao)
1698 - 1715                Pragmalji I                        (b. 16.. - d. 1715)
1715 - 1719                Ghodaji I                          (b. 16.. - d. 1719)
1719 - 1752                Daishalji I                        (d. 1752)
1741 - 1752                Lakhpatji -Regent                  (b. 1717 - d. 1761)
1752 - 1761                Lakhpatji
                         (s.a.)
1761 - 1778                Ghodaji II
                        (b. 1734 - d. 1778)
1778 - 1786                Rayadhanji III (1st time)          (b. 1763 - d. 1813)
1786 - 1801                Prithvirajsinhji                   (b. 17.. - d. 1801)
1786 -  5 Oct 1813         Fath Mohammed -Regent
1801 - 30 Oct 1813         Rayadhanji III (2nd time)          (s.a.)
Oct 1813 - 1814            Husain Miyan -Regent
 6 Nov 1813 - 25 Mar 1819  Bharmalji II                       (b. 1798 - d. 1846)
25 Mar 1819 - 26 Jul 1860  Daishalji II                       (b. 1816 - d. 1860)
25 Mar 1819 - 1820         James MacMurdo -Regent             (b. 1785 - d. 1820)
1825 -  8 Jul 1834         Henry Pottinger -Regent            (b. 1789 - d. 1856)
26 Jul 1860 -  1 Jan 1876  Pragmalji II                       (b. 1838 - d. 1876)
                             (from 20 May 1871, Sir Pragmalji II Daishalji)
                             (regent from Jul 1859)

 
1 Jan 1876 - 15 Jan 1942  Khengarji III                      (b. 1866 - d. 1942)
                            
(from 30 Jun 1887, Sir Khengarji III)
 1 Jan 1876 - 11 Aug 1884  
Council of Regency
15 Jan 1942 - 26 Feb 1948  Vijayarajji                        (b. 1885 - d. 1948)
                             (from 14 Jun 1945, Sir Vijayarajji)
26 Feb 1948 -  1 Jun 1948  Madansinhji                        (b. 1909 - d. 1991)

Dewans (chief ministers)
bf.1935 - 1939             Suryashankar D. Mehta
Dec 1939 - 1941            Tribhuvanrai D. Rana               (b. 1870 - d. 19..)
Sep 1941 - Oct 1943        Wilfred Francis Webb               (b. 1897 - d. 1973)
Oct 1943 - Apr 1944        Satya Vrata Mukherjee              (b. 1887 - d. 19..)
Apr 1944 - af.1947         Shankar K. Nayampalli              (b. 1883 - d. 19..)



Kadana

Capital: Kadana Population: 19,790 (1941)
State Troops:
None (1939)

Salute: None

1820 - 1943                Part of the Gujarat (to 1944, Rewa Kantha) semi-jurisdictional
                             states (see under Jambughoda).
193.                       Almost full jurisdictional authority granted by the British.
22 Apr 1943                Annexed to Sant state.

Rulers (title Thakur)
1794 - 1838                Bhimsinghji                        (d. 1838)
1838 - 1871                Vakhatsinghji
1871 - 1889                Parbatsinghji                      (d. 1889)
12 Apr 1889 - 1942         Chhatrasalji                       (b. 1879 - d. 1942)


Kalahandi

[Kalahandi (India)]

Capital: Bhawanipatna Population: 597,940 (1941)
State Troops:  None (1939)
Salute: 9 guns

1005                       Traditional date for founding of Kalahandi.
1853                       Annexed to the British India as part of Nagpur as an estate
                             (zamindari), also known as Karond to 1867.
 4 Sep 1867                Status of state conferred by British authorities.
1882 - 24 Jan 1894         British India administration.
15 Aug 1947                Accedes to India.
 1 Jan 1948                Merged into Orissa.

Rajas
1693 - 1721                Jugasai Deo III
1721 - 1747                Khadag Rai Deo
1747 - 1771                Raisingh Deo III
1771 - 1796                Purusottam Deo
1796 - 1831                Jugasai Deo IV
1831 - 1853                Fateh Narayan Deo
1853 -  7 Apr 1881         Udit Pratap Deo                    (b. 1839? - d. 1881)
 7 Apr 1881 - 20 Oct 1897  Raghu Kesari Deo                   (b. 1871 - d. 1897)
 7 Apr 1881 - 1882         Rani Asha Kumari (f) -Regent
20 Oct 1897 - 1926         Brij Mohan Deo                     (b. 1896 - d. 1939)

Maharajas
1926 - 19 Sep 1939         Brij Mohan Deo                     (s.a.)
19 Sep 1939 -  1 Jan 1948  Pratap Kishor Deo                  (b. 1919 - d. 2001)

Dewans (chief ministers)
c.1939                     Binodebehari Mahanti
c.1944                     Umacharan Das
c.1946                     Phakir Charan Mahanti


Kalat: see Pakistani Princely States


Kalsia

Capital: Chhachrauli Population: 67,393 (1941)
State Troops: 80 (1939)
Salute: None

1763                       Kalsia state founded.
1809                       British protectorate
15 Aug 1947                Accedes to India.
15 Jul 1948                Merged into Patiala and Eastern Punjab States Union
                             (from 1 Nov 1956, Punjab).

Rulers (title Sardar)
1763 - 1785                Gur Bakhsh Singh                    (d. 1785)
1785 - 1818                Jodh Singh                          (b. 1751 - d. 1818)
1818 - 14 Feb 1858         Sobha Singh                         (d. 1858)
1858 - 19 Feb 1869         Lahna Singh                         (d. 1869)
1869 - 10 Jul 1883         Bishen Singh                        (b. 1854 - d. 1883)
1883 - 1886                Jagjit Singh                        (b. 1880 - d. 1886)
28 Aug 1886 - 1908         Ranjit Singh                        (b. 1881 - d. 1908)
25 Jul 1908 - 1916         Ravisher Singh                      (b. 1902 - d. 1947)
25 Jul 1908 - 19..         Council of Regency
Rajas

1916 -  4 Jan 1947         Ravisher Singh                      (s.a.)
 4 Jan 1947 - 15 Jul 1948  Karansher Singh                     (b. 1933 - d. 1961)

Dewan (chief minister)
c.1939                     Sardar Ranbir Singh



Kambay (Cambay)
 
[Kambay (Cambay)
                          to 1948 (India)]
to 10 Jun 1948
[Kambay
                          (Cambay) Merchant Flag 1921-1947 (India)]
2 Aug 1921 - 14 Aug 1947 Merchant Flag
Capital: Kambay
(Cambay)
Population: 96,592 (1941)
State Troops: 130 (1939)
Salute: 11 guns

1730                       Kambay (Cambay) state founded.
1803                       British protectorate.
15 Aug 1947                Accedes to India.
10 Jun 1948                Merged into Bombay (from 1 May 1960, Gujarat).

Rulers (title Nawab)
1730 - 1743                Ja`far Nizam-e Sani Mu´min Khan I  (d. 1743)
1743 - 1783                Muftakher Nur ad-Din Mohammad      (d. 1783)
                            
Mu´min Khan II

1783 - 1789                Mohammad Qoli Khan                 (d. 1789)
1789 - 28 Oct 1823         Fath `Ali Khan                     (d. 1823)
1823 - 15 Mar 1841         Banda `Ali Khan                    (d. 1841)
1841 - 25 Apr 1880         Hosayn Yawar Khan I                (d. 1880)
25 Apr 1880 - 21 Jan 1915  Najib ad-Dowla Mumtaz al-Molk      (b. 1848 - d. 1915) 
                             Ja`far `Ali Khan
21 Jan 1915 - 10 Jun 1948  Nizam ad-Dowla Najm ad-Dowla       (b. 1911 - d. ....)
                             Mumtaz al-Molk Hosayn Yawar 
                             Khan II
21 Jan 1915 - 13 Dec 1930  the Dewans -Regent

Dewans (chief ministers)
1915 - 1918                K.R. Bomanji
22 Apr 1918 - 10 Jun 1929  Vinayak Krishna Namjoshi           (b. 1878 – d. 19..)
1929 - 1930                Atmaram Keshav Kulkarni
bf.1939 - af.1941          Vasantrao Y. Kashalkar
1942 - af.1945             S.P. Mushran
c.1946                     Y.A. Faruki



Kamta Rajaula
 
Capital: Rajaula Population: 1,411 (1941)
State Troops: None
(1939)
Salute: None

1812                        Kamta estate (jagir) becomes Kamta Rajaula state; British
                              protectorate.
15 Aug 1947                 Accedes to India.
 4 Apr 1948                 Merged into Vindhya Pradesh (transferred to Uttar Pradesh
                              26 Jan 1950).

Rulers (title Rao)
1812 - 23 Oct 1874         Gopal Lal                          (d. 1874)
23 Oct 1874 - Dec 1891     Bharat Prashad                     (b. 1847 - d. 1891)
 1 Jan 1892 - 27 Oct 1928  Ram Prashad                        (b. 1870 - d. 1928)
27 Oct 1928 - 1946         Radha Kishan                       (b. 1891 - d. 19..)
1946 -  4 Apr 1948         Rajiv Nandan Prasad                (b. 1920 - d. 19..)



Kangra

[Kangra c.1775-1823
                        (India)]
c.1775 - 1823

4300 BC                    Kangra state founded in legendary antiquity (also called
                             Bhim Kot, Nagar-Kot, Susarmapura,
Katoch, Jalandhara
                             and Trigarta).

11th cent. AD              First modern recorded mention of the state.
24 Aug 1809                Kangra Fort occupied by the Sikhs.
1810                       State extinguished and annexed by
Pañjab (Punjab)(dynasty
                             granted the jagir of Lambagraon) by Treaty of Jawalamukhi
                             of 20 Jul 1809
.
 
9 Mar 1846                Annexed to British India (part of Punjab; from 15 Apr 1948,
                             Himachal Pradesh).

Rajas
1697 - 1700                Alam Chandra II                    (b. 16.. - d. 1700)
1700 - 1747                Hamir Chandra                      (d. 1747)
1747 - 1750                Abhay Chandra
1750 - 1751                Ghamhir Chandra                    (d. 1751)
1751                       Shringar Chandra
1751 - 1774                Ghamand Chandra                    (d. 1774)
1774 - 1775                Tegh Chandra                       (b. c.1745 - d. 1775)
1775 - 1810                Sansar Chandra II                  (b. 1765 - d. 1823)



Kanika

726 AD                     Kanika state founded according to tradition.
c.1200                     Likely founding era.
Oct
1817                   State reduced to an estate (zamindari)(part of Bengal;
                             1912-1936 Bihar and Orissa; from 1936 Orissa).

Rajas
.... - ....                Gopinath Bhanj III
.... - ....                Dasarathi Bhanj
.... - ....                Gopal Bhanj II
1777 - 1812                Balbhadra Bhanj Deo                (b. 1758 - d. 1812)
                             (British prisoner Jul 1805 - 1807)
1803 - 1805                Rani Jayi Rajaguru (f) -Regent     (d. 1806)
1812 - Oct 1817            Jagannath Bhanj                    (d. 1819)



Kanker

[Kanker (India)]

Capital: Kanker Population: 149,471
(1941)

State Troops: None
(1939)
Salute: None

106 AD                     Kanker state founded according to tradition.
af.1425                    Capital moved to Kanker.
1809 - 1818                Occupied by Nagpur.
1818                       Status of estate (zamindari) within Nagpur confirmed.
1853                       Annexed to British India as part of Nagpur as an estate.
11 Jan 1866                Status of state conferred by British authorities.
15 Aug 1947                Accedes to India.
 1 Jan 1948                Merged into Central Provinces (from 26 Jan 1950, Madhya Pradesh).

Rajas
.... - 1729                Ghoor Sai Deo                      (d. 1729) 
1729 - 1775                Harpal Deo                         (d. 1775)
1775 - ....                Dhiraj Singh Deo
.... - ....                Ram Raj Singh Deo
.... - 1802                Shyam Singh Deo
1802 - 1809                Bhup Deo (1st time)                (d. 1839) 
1809 - 1818                occupied by Nagpur
1818 - 1839                Bhup Deo (2nd time)                (s.a.) 
1839 - 1853                Padma Deo                          (d. 1853)
 5 Dec 1853 - May 1903     Narhar Deo                         (b. 1850 - d. 1903)
 9 May 1903 -  8 Jan 1925  Lal Kamal Deo                      (b. 1873 - d. 1925)
 8 Jan 1925 -  1 Jan 1948  Bhanupratap Deo                    (b. 1922 - d. 1969)
1925 - 1944                Superintendents (regents)
                           - Raghubir Prasad (c.1930-1936)
                           - Ramanuj Prasad (c.1939-1940)



Kannanur (Cannanore)


[Kannanur
                          (Cannanore) 18th cent. (India)]
18th cent.
[Kannanur
                          (Cannanore) to 1819 (India)]
to 1819

1545                       Kannanur (Sultanate of Lakshadweep and Cannanore, later sometimes
                             called Arakkal kingdom) state founded.

1784                       British protectorate.
17 Dec 1790 - 1792         Occupied by British India.
18 Dec 1790                Minicoy surrendered to British India.
18 Mar 1792 - 30 Oct 1796  Laccadive Islands and Kannanur annexed to British India
.
1799                       Amindivi Islands annexed to British India.
1819                       Annexed to British India
(part of Madras).

Rulers (title Ali Raja)
1691 - 1704                Ali II Adi
1704 - 1720                Kunhi Amsa I Adee
1720 - 1728                Mohammed Ali IV Adi
1728 - 1732                Rani Harrabichi Kadavube
                             Adi Bibi (f)
-Ali Raja Bibi
1732 - 1745                Rani Junumabe I Adi
                            Bibi (f)
-Ali Raja Bibi
1745 - 1777                Kunhi Amsa II Adee
Ruler (title Ali Raja Bibi)
1777 - 1819                Rani Junumabe II Adi Bibi
(f)



Kapurthala

[Kapurthala (India)]

Capital: Kapurthala Population: 378,380 (1941)
State Forces/Troops:
540 (1939)
Salute: 13 guns

1780                       Kapurthala state founded.
1809                       British protectorate.
15 Aug 1947                Accedes to India.
15 Jul 1948                Merged into Patiala and Eastern Punjab States Union
                             (from 1 Nov 1956, Punjab).

Rulers (title Sardar)
1780 - 20 Oct 1783         Jassa Singh                        (b. 1718 - d. 1783)
20 Oct 1783 - 10 Jul 1801  Bagh Singh                         (b. 1748 - d. 1801)
10 Jul 1801 - 20 Oct 1836  Fateh Singh                        (b. 1784 - d. 1836)
Rajas
20 Oct 1836 - 13 Sep 1852  Nihal Singh                        (b. 1817 - d. 1852)

13 Sep 1852 - 12 Mar 1861  Randhir Singh                      (b. 1831 - d. 1870)
Rulers (title Raja-i Rajgan)
12 Mar 1861 -  2 Apr 1870  Randhir Singh                      (s.a.)
                             (from 10 Dec 1864, Sir Randhir Singh)
 2 Apr 1870 -  5 Sep 1877  Kharak Singh                       (b. 1849 - d. 1877)

 5 Sep 1877 - 12 Dec 1911  Jagatjit Singh                     (b. 1872 - d. 1949)
                             (from 22 Jun 1897, Sir Jagatjit Singh)
 5 Sep 1877 - 24 Nov 1890  Regency (Superintendents)
                           - Henry Lepel Griffin              (b. 1838 - d. 1908)
                             (
Apr 1875 - Apr 1877)
                           - Charles Montgomery Rivaz         (b. 1845 - d. 1926)
                             (
Apr 1877 - Nov 1885)
                           - William Mackworth Young (acting) (b. 1840 - d. 1924)
                             (
Feb 1878 - Oct 1879)
                           - Frederick W.R. Fryer (acting)    (b. 1845 - d. 1922)
                             (
May 1883 - 1883)
                           - Alexander Frederick Douglas      (b. 1852 - d. 1935)
                               Cunningham (acting)

                             (Feb 1884 - bf.Dec 1884)
                           - George Campbell Napier (acting)  (b. 1845 - d. 1914)
                             (Apr 1885 - 1885)
                           - Denzil Charles Jelf Ibbetson     (b. 1847 - d. 1908)
 
                            (Nov 1885 - Aug 1886)
                           - Charles Francis Massy            (b. 1845 - d. 1915)
                             (
Aug 1886 - 1890)
Maharaja

12 Dec 1911 - 15 Jul 1948  Sir Jagatjit Singh                 (s.a.)

Chief ministers
1935 - 1937                Gerald Thomas Fisher               (b. 1887 - d. 1965)
c.1939                     Lala Pindi Das Sabherwal
c.1941                     Mian Abdul Aziz
bf.1944 - 1945             Sir Abdul Hamid                    (b. 1881 - d. 19..)
1945 - af.1947             Lakhpat Rai Sikund



Karauli

[Karauli (India)]

Capital: Karauli Population: 152,413 (1941)
State Forces/Troops:
430 (1939)
Salute: 17 guns

c.900 AD                   Karauli state founded.
 
9 Nov 1817                British protectorate (by treaty).
15 Aug 1947                Accedes to India.
18 Mar 1948                Merged into Matsya (from 15 May 1949, Rajasthan).

Maharajas
1688 - 1724                Kunwar Pal II
1724 - 1757                Gopal Singh                        (d. 1757)
1757 - 24 Oct 1772         Tursam Pal                         (d. 1772)
1772 - 1804                Manik Pal
1804 - 1805                Amola Pal                          (d. 1805)
1805 - 1837                Herbaksh Pal                       (b. c.1792 - d. 1837)
1837 - 1849                Pratap Pal                         (d. 1849)
1849 - 10 Jul 1852         Narsingh Pal                       (d. 1852)
 
4 Sep 1852 - 14 Mar 1854  Bharat Pal
14 Mar 1854 - 16 Aug 1869  Madan Pal                          (b. 1830 - d. 1869)
                            
(from 12 Feb 1866, Sir Madan Pal)
1869 (weeks)               Lakshman Pal

1869 - 1871                Thakur Vrishbhan Singh Tanwar -Regent
Jan 1871 - 17 Nov 1875     Jaisingh Pal                       (b. 1839 - d. 1875)

Jan 1876 - 14 Aug 1886     Arjun Pal II                       (b. 1822 - d. 1886)

14 Aug 1886 -  3 Aug 1927  Bhanwar Pal                        (b. 1864 - d. 1927)
                            
(from 1 Jan 1894, Sir Bhanwar Pal)
 3 Aug 1927 -  6 Apr 1947  Bhom Pal                           (b. 1866 - d. 1947)

                            
(from 1 Jan 1935, Sir Bhom Pal)
 6 Apr 1947 - 18 Mar 1948  Ganesh Pal
                        (b. 1906 - d. 1984)

Dewans (chief ministers)
c.1923 - c.1924            P
andit Shankar Nath
                             (chief member of council)
c.1930 - 1938              Pandit Shiv Kumar Chaturvedi
                             (chief member of council)
1938 - 1942                Brij Chand Sharma
1942 - 194.                Iswar Narani Kitchlu
c.1946                     Trilokinath Sharma


Karen states: see Shan and Karen states of Burma

Karnataka: see Arkat

Kashmir: see Jammu and Kashmir under India

Kashtwar

c.765 AD                   Kashtwar state founded according to tradition.
1786 - 1786                Occupied by Chamba.
1820                       Annexed by Pañjab (Punjab).

Rajas
1681 - 1728                Kirat Singh                        (d. 1728)
1728 - 1771                Amluk Singh                        (d. 1771)
1771 - 1786                Mihr Singh                         (d. 1786)
1786                       Mian Kundan Singh
                             (appointed by Chamba) 

1786 - 1787                Sujan Singh                        (d. 1787)
1787 - 1788                Prithi Singh                       (d. 1788)
1787 - 1789                Lal Dev (in opposition)
1788 - 1789                Inayatallah Singh

1789  (40 days)            Gulab Singh 
1789 - 1820                Muhammed Tegh Singh                (d. 1823)
                             "Saifullah Khan" 



Kathiwara (Kathiwada)

Capital: Kathiwara
(Kathiwada)
Population: 6,689 (1941)
State Troops: None (1939)
Salute: None

c.1818                     British protectorate.
15 Aug 1947                Accedes to India.
28 May 1948                Merged into Madhya Bharat (from 1 Nov 1956, Madhya Pradesh).

Rulers (title Thakur)
.... - 1865                Zorawar Sinh                       (d. 1865)
1865 - 1903                Bahadur Sinh                       (b. 1839 - d. 19..)
 8 Jun 1903 - 28 May 1948  Onkar Sinh                         (b. 1891 - d. 1969)



Kawardha

[Kawardha (India)]

Capital: Kawardha Population: 77,284 (1941)
State Troops: None (1939)
Salute: None

1751                       Kawardha state founded.
1853                       Annexed to British India as part of Nagpur as an estate
                             (zamindari).
27 Jun 1866                Status of state conferred by British authorities.
1884 - 1894                British India administration.     
15 Aug 1947                Accedes to India.
 1 Jan 1948                Merged into Central Provinces (from 26 Jan 1950, Madhya Pradesh).
 1 Nov 2000                Part of Chhattisgarh.

Rulers (title Thakur)
1751 - 1801                Mahabali Singh 
1801 - 1848                Ujiyar Singh
1848 - 1852                Tok Singh
c.1860                     Baijnath Singh
186. - 1863                Ram Singh                          (d. 1863)

1863 - 1864                Bahadur Singh                      (d. 1864)
1864 -  1 Dec 1891         Rajpal Singh                       (b. 1849 - d. 1891)
1884 - 1894                Superintendents  
 1 Dec 1891 - 1920         Jadunath Singh (= Kritpal Singh)   (b. 1886 - d. 1920)

 4 Feb 1920 -  1 Jan 1948  Lal Dharamraj Singh                (b. 1910 - d. 1959)

Dewans (chief ministers)
1911 - 1914                Munshi Abdul Haq
c.1941                     Rao Sahib Ragho Raj Singh
bf.1944 - af.1946          Mohammad Akbar



Keonjhar

[Keonjhar (India)]

Capital: Keonjhargarh Population: 529,786 (1941)
State Troops: 130 (1939)
Salute: None

11..                       Keonjhar state founded.
1804                       British protectorate.
15 Aug 1947                Accedes to India.
 1 Jan 1948                Merged into Orissa.

Rajas
1688 - 1700                Jagannath Bhanj
1700 - 1719                Raghunath Bhanj
1719 - 1736                Gopinath Bhanj
1736 - 1757                Narsingh Narayan Bhanj
1757 - 1758                Daneswar Narayan Bhanj
1758 - 1762                Jagateswar Narayan Bhanj
1762 - 1794                Pratap Balbhadra Bhanj
1794 - 1825                Janardan Bhanj
1825 - 22 Mar 1861         Gadadhar Narayan Bhanj Deo         (d. 1861)
                             (personal style Maharaja from 1858)
 4 Sep 1861 - 27 Oct 1905  Dhanurjai Narayan Bhanj Deo        (b. 1849 - d. 1905?)
                             (personal style Maharaja from 1 Jan 1877)
27 Oct 1905 - 12 Aug 1926  Gopinath Narayan Bhanj Deo         (b. 1883 - d. 1926)
                            
(removed from authority from 1906)
27 Oct 1905 - 12 Aug 1926  State Superintendents
                           -
David Atkinson McMillan
          (d. 1918)
                               (to 19 Sep 1918)
                           - Rai Sahib Baikunth Nath Das
                               (19 Sep 1918 - 8 Jan 1919)
                           - J.H. Price (8 Jan 1919 - 1928)
12 Aug 1926 -  1 Jan 1948  Balbhadra Narayan Bhanj Deo        (b. 1905 - d. c.1970)

Dewans and (from c.1944) Chief ministers
1938 - af.1942             Bhabadev Sarkar                    (b. 1883 - d. 19..)
1944 - 194.                J.W. Woodhousie
c.1946                     Lal Dongar Singh



Keonthal

Capital: Junga Population: 51,645 (1941)
State Troops: None (1939)
Salute: None

765 AD                     Traditional founding date of predecessor state.
bf.1800                    Keonthal state founded.

1803 - 1814                Occupied by Nepal.
 6 Sep 1815                Possession confirmed, the British protectorate.
1830                       Ceded Simla to the British India.  
15 Aug 1947                Accedes to India.
15 Apr 1948                Merged into Himachal Pradesh (including its feudatory sub-states
                             of Ghund, Koti, Madhan, Ratesh and Theog).

Rulers (title Rana)
.... - ....                Bhup Sen
1801 - 1803                Raghunath Sen (1st time)           (d. 1831)
1803 - 1814                occupied by Nepal
1814 - 1831                Raghunath Sen (2nd time)           (s.a.)
1831 - 24 Jul 1858         Sansar Sen                         (d. 1862)
Rajas
24 Jul 1858 - 1862         Sansar Sen                         (s.a.)
1862 - 1882                Mahendra Sen                       (b. 1827 - d. 1882)
23 Aug 1882 - 18 Mar 1901  Balbir Sen                         (b. 1852 - d. 1901)
1898 - 18 Mar 1901         Mian Durga Singh -Manager
18 Mar 1901 -  2 Feb 1916  Bije Sen                           (b. 1877 - d. 1916)

 2 Feb 1916 - 1940         Hemendra Sen                       (b. 1905 - d. 1940)
 2 Feb 1916 -  3 Mar 1926  Rai Sahib Mian Amar Singh -Regent
1940 - 15 Apr 1948         Hitendra Sen                       (b. 1925 - d. 2002)

Wazir (chief minister)
c.1939                     Kanwar Shiv Singh

British Political Agents for the Punjab Hill States (in Simla; as of 1947, in charge of
the Punjab Hill
states¹; under the Resident for the Punjab States [see under Patiala])
Oct 1936 - Oct 1939?       Robert Richardson Burnett          (b. 1897 - d. 1975)
30 Oct 1939 - Oct 1941     Wilfred Francis Webb               (b. 1897 - d. 1973)
Oct 1941 - Nov 1941        Francis Fenwick Pearson            (b. 1911 - d. 1991)
23 Nov 1941 - 1942         William le Belward Egerton         (b. 1901 - d. 1947)
 1 Nov 1942 - 1944         Reginald George Evelin William     (b. 1899 - d. 1983)
                             Alban
Sep 1944 - Sep? 1945       John Evelyn Arnold Bazalgette      (b. 1907 - d. 1992)
                             (1st time)
 5 Sep 1945 - Mar 1946?    Leonard George Coke-Wallis         (b. 1900 - d. 1974)
Mar 1946 - Apr 1946        Dudley Hugh Biscoe                 (b. 1909 - d. 1990)
Apr 1946 - 1947            John Evelyn Arnold Bazalgette      (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)

 ¹Punjab Hill states as of 1947: Baghal, Baghat, Balsan, Bashahr, Bhajji, Bija, Bilaspur, Darkoti, Dhami, Jubbal, Kalsia, Keonthal, Kumharsain, Kunihar, Kuthar, Mahlog, Mangal, Nalagarh, Sangri, Sirmur, Suket, and Tharoch.



Khairagarh

[Khairagarh (India)]

Capital: Khairagarh Population: 173,713 (1941)
State Troops: None (1939)
Salute: None

1833                       Khairagarh estate (zamindari) founded.
1853                       Annexed to British India as part of Nagpur as an estate.
 
4 Jan 1866                Status of state conferred by British authorities,
                             confirmed in 1898.
1874 - 1883                British India administration.
15 Aug 1947                Accedes to India.
 1 Jan 1948                Merged into Central Provinces (from 26 Jan 1950, Madhya Pradesh;
                              from 1 Nov 2000, Chhattisgarh).

Rulers (title Thakur)
1833 - 1874                Fateh Singh
1874 - 19 Feb 1891         Umrao Singh                        (d. 1891)
                             (personal style Raja from 1887)
19 Feb 1891 - 1896         Kamal Narayan Singh                (b. 1867 - d. 1908)
Rajas
1896 -  7 Oct 1908         Kamal Narayan Singh                (s.a.)
                             (personal style Raja to 1898, then made hereditary)
 8 Oct 1908 - 22 Oct 1918  Lal Bahadur Singh                  (b. 1889 - d. 1918)
 8 Oct 1908 - 13 Dec 1912  Rai Sahib Sunder Lall
                             (superintendent)
22 Oct 1918 -  1 Jan 1948  Birendra Bahadur Singh             (b. 1914 - d. 1998)

Dewans and (from c.1945) Chief ministers
c.1939                     M.G. Ghooi
c.1941                     J.N. Mahant
bf.1944 - af.1946          Abdul Ghaffar Khan



Khandpara

[Khandpara (India)]

Capital: Khandparagarh Population: 87,341 (1941)
State Troops: None (1939)
Salute: None

c.1599                     Khandpara state founded.
1803                       British protectorate.
15 Aug 1947                Accedes to India.
 1 Jan 1948                Merged into Orissa.

Rajas
1675 - 1709                Narayan Singh Mangraj 
1709 - 1723                Balunkeshwar Singh Mangraj 
1723 - 1732                Banamali Singh Mardraj Bhramarbar
                             Rai 
1734 - 1770                Bairagi Singh Mardraj Bhramarbar
                             Rai 
1770 - 1794                Niladri Singh Mardraj Bhramarbar
                             Rai 
1794 - 1815                Narasimha Singh Mardraj Bhramarbar
                             Rai 
1815 - 1821                Purushottam Mardraj Bhramarbar Rai 
1821 - 1842                Krishna Chandra Singh Bhramarbar Rai
1842 - 1867                Kunja Bihari Singh Bhramarbar Rai
28 Feb 1867 - 1905         Natobar Mardraj Bhramarbar Rai     (b. 1837 - d. 1905)
 
3 Sep 1905 - 26 Dec 1922  Ram Chandra Singh Mardraj
                             Bhramarbar Rai
26 Dec 1922 -  1 Jan 1948  Harihar Singh Deo Mardraj          (b. 1914 - d. 1977)
                             Bhramarbar Rai 



Khaniadhana

Capital: Khaniadhana Population: 20,124 (1941)
State Troops: None (1939)
Salute: None

1863                       British recognize an Khaniadhana estate (jagir) in former
                             Jhansi state as a state.
15 Aug 1947                Accedes to India.
 4 Apr 1948                Merged into Vindhya Pradesh (transferred to Madhya Bharat

                             26 Jan 1950
; from 1 Nov 1956 Madhya Pradesh).

Rulers (title Rao)
1863 - 1869                Guman Singh                        (d. 1869)
1869 - 1909                Chhatar Singh                      (b. 1863 - d. 1909)
                             (from 1877, personal style Raja)
1909 - 1938                Khalak Singh                       (b. 1892 - d. af.1938)

                             (
from 1911, personal style Raja)
1938 -  4 Apr 1948         Devendra Pratap Singh              (b. 1912 - d. 19..)
                             (personal style Raja)


Kharan: see Pakistani Princely States


Kharsawan

[Kharsawan (India)]

Capital: Kharsawangarh Population: 50,580 (1941)
State Troops: None (1939)
Salute: None

c.1650                     Kharsawan estate (zamindari) founded.
1819                       British protectorate, remains the estate.
31 May 1860                Kharsawan estate
recognized as a state.
15 Aug 1947                Accedes to India.
 1 Feb 1948                Merged into Orissa (transferred to Bihar 18 May 1948).

Rulers (title Thakur)
1844 - 1863                Gangaram Singh Deo                 (b. 1836 - d. 18..)
                             (personal style Raja from 1860)
1863 - 18..                Ram Narain Singh
18.. -  2 Mar 1884         Raghunath Singh Deo                (b. 1841 - d. 1884)
 2 Mar 1884 -  6 Feb 1902  Mahendra Narayan Singh Deo         (b. 1869 - d. 1902)
 6 Feb 1902 - 1917         Siram Chandra Singh Deo            (b. 1892 - d. 19..)
 6 Feb 1902 - 1907         Babu Jugal Kishore -Manager
c.1911                     Babu Himangshu Nath Chakrabatti -Manager
Raja

1917 -  1 Feb 1948         Siram Chandra Singh Deo            (s.a.)

Dewan (chief minister)
c.1939                     Satyendra Nath Sen Gupta           (b. 1895 - d. 19..)



Khasi States


[Federation of the
                          Khasi States (India)]
Flag of Federation of Khasi States

Capital: Shillong Population: 213,586
(1941)

State Troops: None (1939)
Salute: None

1829/1841                  Khasi states (eventually 25 states¹) under British protection.
1853                       Shillong, premier state of Khasi, divided into Khyrim and Mylliem.
1863                       Ceded site of Shillong to the British.
22 Aug 1946                Federation of the Khasi States established.
15 Aug 1947                Accedes to India (some of states acceded as late as 19 Mar 1948).
17 Aug 1948                Conditional treaty on merger into Assam.
25 Jan 1950                Khasi states merged into Assam.

Rulers of Shillong (title Syiem)
1809 - 1833                Bor Manik                          (d. 183.)
1833 - 1842                Sain Manik
1842 - 1853                Sing Manik                         (d. 1859)
                           + Hajar Singh
Rulers of Khyrim (title Syiem)
1853 - 1859                Sing Manik                         (s.a.)
1859 - 1871                Rabon Singh
1871 - 1903                Klur Singh                         (b. 1843 - d. 1903)
1903 - 1919                Dakhor Singh                       (b. 1874 - d. 1919)
1920 - 1950                Olim Singh                         (b. 1903 - d. 1978)         
                             (from 1946, also president of Federation of the Khasi States)
Indian Dominion Agents for Khasi States
(subordinated to the governor of Assam)
c.1948                    G.P. Jarman
c.1949                    N.N. Phukan

  ¹the Khasi states as of 1947: Bhawal, Cherra (Sohra), Dwara, Jirang, Khyrim, Langrin, Lyngiong, Maharam, Malai Sohmat, Marriw, Mawdon, Mawiang, Mawlong, Masynram, Mawphlang, Mylliem, Nobosohphoh, Nongkhlaw, Nonglwai, Nongspung, Nongstoin, Pamsanngut, Rambrai, Shella, and Sohiong.


Khayrpur: see Pakistani Princely States


Khilchipur

[Khilchipur (India)]

Capital: Khilchipur Population: 48,642 (1941)
State Troops: 100 (1939)
Salute: 9 guns

1544                       Khilchipur state founded.
1819                       British protectorate.
15 Aug 1947                Accedes to India.
28 May 1948                Merged into Madhya Bharat (from 1 Nov 1956, Madhya Pradesh).

Rulers (title Dewan)
1679 - 1715                Anup Singh
1718 - 1738                Fateh Singh
1738 - 1770                ....
1770 - 1787                Abhai Singh
1787 - 1795?               Dip Singh
1795 - 1819                Durjan Sal                         (d. 1819)
1819                       Balwant Singh
1819 - 1868                Shir Singh                         (b. 1814 - d. 1868)
27 Nov 1868 - Apr 1873     Amar Singh                         (b. 1834 - d. 1899)
Rulers (title Rao Bahadur)
Apr 1873 - 28 Mar 1899     Amar Singh                         (s.a.)
1899 - 18 Jan 1908         Bhawani Singh
19 Jan 1908 - 1928         Durjan Sal Singh                   (b. 1897 - d. 1942)
19 Jan 1908 - 19..         .... -Regent
Rajas

1928 - 1942                Durjan Sal Singh                   (s.a.)
                             (from 1937, Sir Durjan Sal Singh)
1942 - 28 May 1948         Yashodar Singh                     (b. 1918 - d. 1961)

Dewan (chief minister)
1882 - 
9 Nov 1894         Rao Bahadur Thakur Jowan Singh     (d. 1894)
                             (superintendent)
29 Dec 1894 - c.1899       Ram Krishna Panth
1931
- af.1939             Indar Singh



Khirasra

Capital: Khirasra Population: 5,893 (1941)
State Troops:
None (1939)

Salute: None

....                       Khirasra state founded by a scion of Dhrol.
1807/08 - 1948             Part of the Western Kathiawar semi-jurisdictional states
                             (see under Jasdan).
1943 - 15 Aug 1947         Attached (the British jurisdictional authority granted) to Dhrol.
15 Aug 1947                Accedes to India.
15 Feb 1948                Merged into Saurashtra.
 1 Nov 1956                Part of Bombay (from 1 May 1960, Gujarat).

Rulers (title Thakur)
.... - ....                Bhimji Kaloji [1st ruler]
.... - ....                Sangaji Bhimji 
.... - ....                Ranmalji Sangaji 
c.1808                     Hathiji Ranmalji 
.... - ....                Dungarji Hathiji 
.... - 1872                Jijibhai Dungarji 
 1 Jan 1872 - 1905         Raisinhji Jijibhai                (b. 1850 - d. 19..)
20 Feb 1905 - 1920         Balsinhji Raisinhji               (b. 1871 - d. 19..)
24 Feb 1920 - 15 Feb 1948  Sursinhji Balsinhji               (b. 1890 - d. 19..)


Khuda-Dad: see Mahisur
Khurdha: see Utkala (Orissa)


Kishangarh

[Kishangarh (India)]

Capital: Kishangarh Population: 104,127 (1941)
State Forces/Troops:
160 (1939)
Salute: 15 guns

1611                       Kishangarh state founded.
26 Mar 1818                British protectorate (by treaty).
15 Aug 1947                Accedes to India.
25 Mar 1948                Merged into Rajasthan.

Maharajas
Jun 1658 - Oct 1706        Man Singh                          (b. 1655 - d. 1706)
Oct 1706 - Apr 1748        Raj Singh                          (b. 1674 - d. 1748)
1748 - 1781                Bahadur Singh                      (b. 1711 - d. 1781)
1748 - 21 Aug 1765         Samant Singh                       (b. 1699 - d. 1765)
                            (in opposition to 1756; from 1756 raja of Roopnagar)
21 Aug 1765 - 16 May 1768  Sardar Singh                       (b. 1730 - d. 1768)
                            (raja of Roopnagar; regent for Samant 1756-65)
1781 - 22 Nov 1788         Birad Singh                        (b. 1737 - d. 1788)
22 Nov 1788 -  5 Mar 1798  Pratap Singh                       (b. 1763 - d. 1798)
 5 Mar 1798 - 22 May 1839  Kalyan Singh                       (b. 1794 - d. 1839)
22 May 1839 - 31 Aug 1841  Mohkam Singh                       (b. 1817 - d. 1841)
31 Aug 1841 - 25 Dec 1879  Prithvi Singh                      (b. 1837 - d. 1879)
25 Dec 1879 - 18 Aug 1900  Sardul Singh                       (b. 1858 - d. 1900)
                             (from 1 Jan 1892, Sir Sardul Singh)
18 Aug 1900 - 25 Sep 1926  Madan Singh                        (b. 1884 - d. 1926)

                             (from 1 Jan 1909, Sir Madan Singh)
18 Aug 1900 - 1903        
Henry Venn Cobb -Regent            (b. 1864 - d. 1949)
Apr 1903 - 1905
            Thomas Caldwell Pears -Regent      (b. 1851 - d. 1921)
1905 - 11 Dec 1905         Charles Herbert -Regent
25 Sep 1926 -  3 Feb 1939  Yagya Narayan Singh                (b. 1896 - d. 1939)

 3 Feb 1939 - 25 Mar 1948  Sumar Singh                        (b. 1929 - d. 1971)
 3 Feb 1939 - 25 Mar 1948  Regency
                          
[chief members of State Council of Administration]
                           - Lala Kesari Singh (1 Jul 1939-1942)
                           - Lakhpat Rai Sikund (1942-1945)
                           - Maharaj Lal Singh (1945-1947)    (b. 1897 - d. 1988)

Chief member of the Council
c.
1938                     Pancholi Kesari Singh



Koch Bihar (Cooch Behar)

[Koch Bihar (Cooch Behar)
                (India)]

Map of Koch Behar Capital: Koch Bihar
(Cooch Behar)
(Kamatapur 1515-1693)

Population: 639,898
(1941)
State Troops:
150 (1939)
Constitution:
Cooch Behar
Government Act
 (5 Oct 1948)
Salute: 13 guns

1250                       Kamata state founded.
1510                       Koch dynasty gives its name to the state.
1711 - 1738                Under Mughal suzerainty.
12 Aug 1765                Under British India suzerainty.
1770 - 1774                Under Bhutanese
suzerainty.
 5 Apr 1773                British protectorate.
15 Aug 1947                Accession to India.
12 Sep 1949                Cooch Behar province of India (from 1 Jan 1950 part of West Bengal).

Rajas
1693 - 1714                Rup Narayan                        (d. 1714)
1714 - 1763                Upendra Narayana                   (d. 1763)
1763 - 12 Aug 1765         Debendra Narayana                  (b. 1757 - d. 1765)
1763 - 12 Aug 1765         Rani Lal Bai (f) -Regent
1765 - 1770                Dhairjendra Narayan (1st time)     (d. 1783)

1770 - 1772                Rajendra I  Narayan                (d. 1772)
1770 - 1772                Pensuthma -Bhutanese Regent
1772                       Dharendra Narayan (1st time)       (d. 1775)
1772 - 1774                Bijendra Narayan                   (d. 1774)
1774 - 1775                Dharendra Narayan (2nd time)       (s.a.)
1775 -  3 Dec 1783         Dhairjendra Narayan (2nd time)     (s.a.)
1783 - 29 May 1839         Harendra Narayan                   (b. 1780 - d. 1839)
1783 - 1789                Rani Kamteswari (f) -Regent
Aug 1789 - 1801            Regency by British Commissioners
1836 - 1839                Bajendra Narayan -Regent (1st time)(d. 1857)

1837 - 1839                Shivendra Narayan -Co-regent       (b. 1796 - d. 1847)
29 May 1839 - 23 Aug 1847  Shivendra Narayan                  (s.a.)

23 Aug 1847 -  6 Aug 1863  Narendra Narayan                   (b. 1841 - d. 1863)
                             (personal style Maharaja from 1862)
30 Mar 1847 - 1857
         Bajendra Narayan -Regent (2nd time)(s.a.)
1857 - 1860               
Regents
                           - Maharani Vrisundeshwari (f)

                           - Maharani Kameshwari (f)          (d. 1889)
 6 Aug 1863 - 16 Oct 1884  Nripendra Narayan                  (b. 1862 - d. 1911)
                             (personal style Maharaja from 25 Feb 1880)
 6 Aug 1863 -  8 Nov 1883  Regents
                           -
Maharani Kameswari (f)           (s.a.)
                           -
Maharani Vrisundeshwari (f)
                           -
Maharani Nistarini Deo (f)
Maharajas

16 Oct 1884 - 18 Sep 1911  Nripendra Narayan                  (s.a.)
                            
(from 23 Feb 1888, Sir Nripendra Narayan)
18 Sep 1911 -  1 Sep 1913  Rajendra II Narayan                (b. 1882 - d. 1913)
18 Sep 1911 -  1 Sep 1913  Maharani Siniti Devi (f) -Regent   (b. 1864 - d. 1932)
 1 Sep 1913 - 20 Dec 1922  Jitendra Narayan                   (b. 1886 - d. 1922)
                            
(from 1 Jan 1917, Sir Jitendra Narayan)
20 Dec 1922 - 12 Sep 1949  Jagaddipendra Narayan              (b. 1915 - d. 1970)

                             (from 14 Aug 1947, Sir
Jagaddipendra Narayan)
20 Dec 1922 - 
6 Apr 1936  Maharani Indira Devi               (b. 1892 - d. 1968)
                             Sahiba (f) -Regent
                             (president of the Council of State)

Dewans (chief ministers)
1714 - 1738                Satyanarayan
1738 - 1765                Kumar Kharganarayan
1765 - 1770                Ram Narayan
1770                       Hareswar Karjee
1770 - 17..                Surendra Narayan
17.. - 1785?               Kamar Surendra Narayan
c.1789                     Kashi Kanta Lahiri
1791 - 1793                Joy Gopal Singh
1796 - 1797                Shyam Chandra Chatterjee
1797 - 1801                Padma Mochun
1801 - 1802                Kasinath Lahiri                    (d. 1802)
1802 - 1803                Guru Prasad Rai (1st time)
1803 - 1804                Radha Krishna Lahiri (1st time)
1804 - 1806                Joy Gopal Singh                    (d. 1806)
1806 - 1808                Choa Lal Sarkar                    (d. 1808)
1808 - 1811                Radha Krishna Lahiri (2nd time)
1811 - 1816                Guru Prasad Rai (2nd time)
1816 - 1825                Radha Krishna Lahiri (3rd time)
1825 - 1829                Kalichandra Lahiri (1st time)
1829 - 1842                Ramchandra Lahiri
1842 - 1844                Kalichandra Lahiri (2nd time)
1844 - c.1851              Kali Krishna Lahiri                (d. 1851)
c.1864 - Dec 1868          Babu Nil Kamal Sanyal              (d. 1868)
Aug 1869 -  1 Nov 1911     Rai Calica Dass Dutt Bahadur       (b. 1841 - d. 19..)

Nov 1911 -  9 Jan 1915     Babu Priya Nath Ghosh              (d. 1915)
11 Jan 1915 - Jan 1920     Narendra Nath Sen                  (b. 1843 - d. 19..)
Vice Presidents of the Council of State (chief ministers)
 3 Mar 1920 -  8 Nov 1923  Henry Joseph Twynam                (b. 1887 - d. 1966)
 8 Nov 1923 - Nov 1926     Charles Terence Chichele Plowden   (b. 1883 - d. 1956)
20 Nov 1926 - 31 Mar 1931  William Gordon Hutchinson          (b. 1876 - d. 1940)
31 Mar 1931 - 13 Mar 1934  Kenmure Alick Garth Evans-Gordon   (b. 1885 - d. 1960)
13 Mar 1934 - 18 Mar 1936  John Aloysius Brett                (b. 1879 - d. 1955)
Mar 1936 - 16 Nov 1936     John Dawson Tyson                  (b. 1893 - d. 1976)
Nov 1936 - 21 Nov 1939     Leonard George Coke-Wallis         (b. 1900 - d. 1974)
Chief ministers
1939 - 1940                Karali Charan Ganguli (acting)
1940 - 1944                R. Subbiah Naidu 
1944 - 1947                Sardar D.K. Sen                    (b. 1897 – d. 19..)
1947 - 1949                Himmat Singh K. Maheshwari

British Commissioners of Cooch Behar (Kuch Bahar)
10 Mar 1789 - 10 Aug 1789  W.T.V. Short
Aug 1789 - 1791            Henry Douglas
                             (arrived Jan/Feb 1790)
1791 - 1795                Charles Andrew Bruce
1795 - 1797                William Towers Smith               (b. 1768 - d. 1826)
1797 - 1801                Richard Ahmuty
1801 - 1803                Post abolished
Jan 1803 -  1 Aug 1804     Francis Pierard
 1 Aug 1804 - Feb 1805     Post abolished
18 Feb 1805 - 25 Jun 1805  John French
1805 - 1813                Post abolished
Collectors of Rangpur (controllers of the state)
1803 - 1807                Archibald Montgomerie
1807 - 1809                James Morgan
1809 - 1813                John Digby

British Commissioners
of Cooch Behar (Kuch Bahar)
1813 - Nov 1816            Norman Macleod
11 Nov 1816 - 1831         David Scott                        (b. 1786 - d. 1831)
1831 - 1834                Thomas Campbell Robertson          (b. 1789 - d. 1863)
1834 - Jan 1861            Francis Jenkins                    (b. 1793 - d. 1866)
1861 - 1864                Henry Hopkinson                    (b. 1820 - d. 1899)
1864 - Jun 1865           
John Colpoys Haughton (1st time)   (b. 1817 - d. 1887)
Jun 1865 - 1865            Herbert Bruce (acting)
1865 - Dec 1866            William Agnew (acting)
Dec 1866 - Feb 1873       
John Colpoys Haughton (2nd time)   (s.a.)
Feb 1873 - 1873            H.C. Richardson (acting)
1873 -  1 Mar 1874         Charles Theophilus Metcalfe (acting)
 1 Mar 1874 - 1875        
Sir William James Herschel         (b. 1833 - d. 1917)
1875 -
1876                Francis Richard Cockerell          (b. 1829 - d. 1887)
1876 - Oct 1883           
Henry Ulick Browne, Marquess       (b. 1831 - d. 1913)
                             of Silgo
Superintendents
Dec 1883 - 1891            A
lexander Evans Gordon             (b. 1845 - d. 19..)
1891 - 1896                Edmond Elliot Lowis                (b. 1836 - d. 1918)
1896 - 1899                David Robert Lyall                 (b. 1842 - d. 1917)
 4 Apr 1899 - 1903         John Russell
Colquhoun Colvin      (b. 1858 - d. 1935)
Nov 1903 - 22 Apr 1908     Egbert Laurie Lucas Hammond        (b. 1873 - d. 1939)
22 Apr 1908 - 22 Apr 1913 
Arthur William Dentith             (b. 1874 - d. 19..)
                           + B. Ghose
1913 -  1 Jun 1916         Edward Woodfield Collin
            (b. 1855 - d. 1944)
Jul 1916 -  3 Mar 1920     James Aitchison Milligan           (b. 1879 - d. 19..)



Kochin (Cochin)
 
[Kochin
                          (Cochin) c.1890-1947 (India)]
c.1890 - 1947
[Kochin (Cochin)
                          1947-1949 (India)]
1947 - 1949
[Cochin
                          (Kochin) Merchant flag 1924-1947 (India)]
10 Oct 1924 - 14 Aug 1947 Merchant Flag
Map of Kochin Capital: Ernakulam
(
Royal capitals:
Mattancherry to
c.1840; from c.1755 Thripunithura;
16th cent. Thrissur)
Population: 1,422,875 (1941) State Troops:
  460 (1939)
Constitution:
Government of
Cochin Act
(17 Jun 1938)
Salute: 17 guns

Late middle ages           Perumpadappu (Kochin) state founded.
.... - 1503                Vassal of Calicut (Kozhikode).

1503 -  6 Jan 1663         Portuguese protectorate;
occupation of Fort Kochi (Fort Manuel).
 
6 Jan 1663                Portuguese ceded Kochin (Fort Cochin) to the Dutch
                             (transferred to the British in 13 Aug 1814 by treaty).
 6 Jan 1663 - 20 Oct 1795  Dutch protectorate.

1773 - 18 Mar 1792         Tributary to Mahisur (Mysore).
18 Mar 1792                British protectorate (confirmed 6 May 1809 by treaty).
20 Oct 1795                British occupy Fort Kochi (razed in 1806).

15 Aug 1947                Accession to India.
 1 Jul 1949                Merged into United State of Travancore and Cochin (from 1 Nov
                             1956,
Kerala).

Rulers (title Maharaja Gangadhara Koviladhi Karikal)
Nov 1697 - 1701            Ramavarma V                        (d. 1701)
1701 - Oct 1721            Ramavarma VI                       (d. 1721)
1721 - 1731                Ravivarma III                      (d. 1731)
1731 - Jan 1746            Ramavarma VI                       (d. 1746)
1746 - 14 Jan 1749         Keralavarma I                      (d. 1749)
1749 - Aug 1760            Ramavarma VII                      (d. 1760)
Aug 1760 - Sep 1775        Keralavarma II                     (d. 1775)
Sep 1775 - 16 Aug 1790     Ramavarma VIII                     (d. 1790)
Aug 1790 - 26 Sep 1805     Ramavarma IX "Saktan Tampuran"     (b. 1751 - d. 1805)
Sep 1805 - Jan 1809        Ramavarma X                        (d. 1809)
Jan 1809 - Aug 1828        Keralavarma III "Virulam Tampuran" (d. 1828)
Aug 1828 - Nov 1837        Ramavarma XI                       (d. 1837)
Nov 1837 - Jun 1844        Ramavarma XII                      (d. 1844)
Jun 1844 - Jul 1851        Ramavarma XIII                     (d. 1851)
Jul 1851 - Feb 1853        Keralavarma IV                     (d. 1853)
16 May 1853 - 11 Feb 1864  Ravivarma IV                       (d. 1864)
1856 - 1858                Gangadhara Lakshmi(f) -Regent
28 Mar 1864 -  2 Aug 1888  Ramavarma XIV                      (b. 1835 - d. 1888)
                             (from 2 Jun 1869, Sir Ramavarma XIV)
1888 - 12 Sep 1895         Sir Keralavarma V                  (b. 1846 - d. 1895)

23 Oct 1895 -  7 Dec 1914  Ramavarma XV                       (b. 1852 - d. 1932)

                             (from 22 Jun 1897, Sir Ramavarma XV)
 
7 Dec 1914 - 25 Mar 1932  Ramavarma XVI                      (b. 1858 - d. 1932)
                             (from 3 Jun 1918, Sir Ramavarma XVI)
25 Mar 1932 - 23 May 1941  Ramavarma XVII                     (b. 1861 - d. 1941)

                             (from 1 Jan 1935, Sir
Ramavarma XVII)
23 May 1941 - 13 Oct 1943  Keralavarma VI                     (b. 1863 - d. 1943)

                             (from 2 Jun 1943, Sir Keralavarma VI)
21 Dec 1943 -  1 Feb 1946  Ravivarma V                        (b. 1865 - d. 1946)

 1 Feb 1946 -  8 Jul 1948  Keralavarma VII                    (b. 1870 - d. 1948)
 8 Jul 1948 -  1 Jul 1949  Ramavarma XVIII                    (b. 1876 - d. 1964)       

Dewans (chief ministers)
1632 - 1809                the Paliat Achan family 
                           [hereditary prime ministers]
1809 - 1812                Kunhikrishna Menon
1812 - 1815                Sir John Munro                     (b. 1778 - d. 1858)
Feb 1818 – Apr 1825        Nanjappaya                         (d. 1825)
Apr 1825 – Apr 1830        Seshagiri Raya
1830 - Oct 1834            Edamana Shankara Menon
Oct 1834 – 22 Jan 1840     Venkata Subbaraya
22 Jan 1840 - 23 Oct 1856  Thottakattu Sankara Variyar        (b. 1798 - d. 1856)   

1856 - Apr 1860            Venkata Rayar (Rao)
1860 - 22 Aug 1879         Thottakattu Sankunni Menon         (b. 1820 - d. 1881)
1879 - Sep 1889            Thottakattu Govinda Menon          (b. 1823 - d. ....)
1890 - Nov 1892            C. Thiruvenkatacharya              (d. 1893)
Nov 1892 - Dec 1896        Subramnya Pilla
Dec 1899 - Aug 1901        Perungavur Rajagopalachari         (b. 1862 - d. 1927)
Aug 1901 - Sep 1902        S. Locke (1st time)(acting)
Sep 1902 - Mar 1907        Nemali Pattabhirama Rao Pantulu    (b. 1862 - d. 1937)
Mar 1907 - May 1907        S. Locke (2nd time)(acting)
May 1907 -  2 May 1914     Albion Rajkumar Banerjee           (b. 1871 - d. 1950)

 2 May 1914 -  3 Mar 1919  Joseph William Bhore               (b. 1878 - d. 1960)
 3 Mar 1919 - 13 Apr 1922  Thiruvalayangudi                   (b. 1875 - d. 1953)
                             Vijayaraghavacharya

13 Apr 1922 - 1925         P. Narayana Menon
1925 - 1930                Tarakat Subramania Narayana Iyer   (b. 1898 - d. 19..)
1930 - 1935                Charles Gordon Herbert             (b. 1893 – d. 1970)

1935 - 1941                Sir Ramasamy Chetty Kandasamy      (b. 1892 - d. 1953) 
                             Shanmukham Chetty
Oct 1941 - 1943            Arthur Frederic William Dixon      (b. 1892 – d. 1948)
1943 - 1944                Sir George Townsend Boag           (b. 1884 - d. 1969)
1944 -  1 Sep 1947         Cherubala Pathayapura Karunakara   (b. 1891 - d. 1976)
                             Menon 

Prime ministers

 
1 Sep 1947 - 22 Oct 1947  Panampilly Govinda Menon           (b. 1908 - d. 1970)  AISPC
22 Oct 1947 - 19 Sep 1948  Tozhur Krishnana "T.K." Nair       (b. 1896 - d. 1971)  CPP
                             (acting to 27 Oct 1947)
20 Sep 1948 - 30 Jun 1949  E. Ikkanda Warrier                 (b. 1890 - d. 1977)  INC 



Kodagu (Coorg)

Middle Ages                Kodagu (Coorg) state in the southern Dekkan founded.
1780 - 1788                Occupied by Mahisur (Mysore).
26 Oct 1790                British protectorate.
11 Apr 1834                State extinguished, annexed to British India (as Coorg province).

Rajas
1687 - 1736                Dodda Virappa                      (b. 1657 - d. 1736)
1736 - 1766                Cikka Virappa                      (d. 1766)
1766 - 1770                Muddu II                           (b. 1700 - d. 1770)
                           - jointly with -
1766 - 1770                Muddaya                            (d. 1770)
1770 - 1774                Devappa                            (d. 1774)
1774 - 1780                Lingaraja I                        (b. c.1710 - d. 1780)
1780 -  9 Jun 1809         Virarajendra I Udaiyar             (b. 1763 - d. 1809)
 9 Jun 1809 - 1811         Devammaji (f) -Rani                (b. 1799 - d. 1833)
1809 - 1811               
Lingaraja -Regent                  (b. 1775 - d. 1820) 
1811 - 1820                Lingaraja II Udaiyar               (s.a.)
1820 - 11 Apr 1834         Cikka Virarajendra II Udaiyar      (b. 1800 - d. 1863)


Kolaba (Colaba)

c.1698                     Kolaba (Colaba) state established by the Angria, split
                             from Satara.
c.1698 - 1818              Tributary to the Peshwa.

1818                       British protectorate.
 8 Apr 1840 - 18 Apr 1843  British Indian administration.
18 Apr 1843                Annexed to British India (part of Bombay)(confirmed 18 Apr 1843).


Rulers (often ruling jointly)
c.1698 - 1731              Kanhoji I Angria                   (d. c.1731)
1731 - 1733                Sakhoji I Angria                   (d. 1733)
1733 - 1759                Manaji I Angria                    (d. 1759)
1740 - 1748                Sambhaji I Angria                  (d. 1748)
1748 - 1755                Tulaji I Angria                    (d. 1755)
1759 - 1793                Raghoji I Angria                   (d. 1793)
1793 - 1799                Manaji II Angria (1st time)        (d. 1817)
1793 - 1799                Jaysing Angria -Regent
1799 - 1813                Baburav Angria                     (d. 1813)
1813 - 1814                Kasibai Angria (f) -Manager
1814 - 1817                Manaji II Angria (2nd time)        (s.a.)
1817 - 26 Dec 1838         Raghoji II Angria                  (d. 1838)
1817 - 18..                Vinayak Parshuram Bivalkar -Regent
 6 Feb 1839 -  8 Apr 1840  Kanhoji II Angria                  (b. 1839 - d. 1840)
 6 Feb 1839 -  8 Apr 1840  Regents
                           - Vinayak Parshuram Bivalkar
                           - Kamlabai (f)                     (d. 1852)



Kolhapur

[Kolhapur 1731-1948
                        (India)]
1731 - 1948

Map of Kolhapur Population: 1,092,000 (1941) Government of Kolhapur
Act
(30 Jan 1942)

Salute: 19 guns
Capital: Kolhapur Anthem
"Jai Bhawani"
--------------------------
State Forces: 815 (1945)
Ethnic groups: Marathi 80%,
Kannada 15%, other 5% (1931)
Religions: Hindu 88%,
Muslim 5%, Jain 5%,
other 2% (1941)

1710                       Former ruler Shivaji II of Satara founds Kolhapur state.
 1 Oct 1812                British protectorate (by treaty).
15 Aug 1947                Accession to India.
Mar 1948 – Feb 1949        Administered by India.
 
1 Mar 1949                Merged into Bombay (
from 1 May 1960, Maharashtra).

Rulers (titles Raja, Chhatrapati)
1710 -  2 Aug 1714         Shivaji I                          (b. 1696 - d. 1726)
 2 Aug 1714 - 20 Dec 1760  Shambhuji II                       (b. 1698 - d. 1760)
20 Dec 1760 - 17 Feb 1773  Jijibai Sahib Bhonsle (f) -Regent  (b. 1716 - d. 1773)
22 Sep 1762 - 24 Apr 1813  Shivaji II                         (b. 1756 - d. 1813)
17 Feb 1773 - 18 Jul 1779  Durgabai Maharaj (f) -Regent       (d. 1779)
24 Apr 1813 -  2 Jul 1821  Shambhuji III "Appa Sahib"         (b. 1801 - d. 1821)
 2 Jul 1821 -  3 Jan 1822  Shivaji III                        (b. 1816 - d. 1822)
 2 Jul 1821 -  3 Jan 1822  
Shahaji "Buwasaheb" -Regent        (b. 1802 - d. 1838)
 3 Jan 1822 - 29 Nov 1838  Shahaji I "Baba Sahib"             (s.a.)
29 Nov 1838 -  4 Aug 1866  Shivaji IV                         (b. 1830 - d. 1866)
29 Nov 1838 - 1845         Rani Saibai II (f) -Regent         (d. 1861)
 4 Aug 1866 - 30 Nov 1870  Rajaram I Nagaji Rao               (b. 1850 - d. 1870)

186. -  9 May 1867         Ramrao Tadpatri -Regent            (d. 1867)
                             (State Administrator)
30 Nov 1870 - 12 Oct 1871  Rani Tarabai Bhonsle (f) -Regent   (b. 1855 - d. 1874)

12 Oct 1871 - 25 Dec 1883  Shivaji V Chhatrapati Narayana Rao (b. 1863 - d. 1883)

                             (from 1 Jan 1877, Sir Shivaji V Chhatrapati Narayana Rao)
                             (personal style Maharaja)

18 Jun 1882 - 25 Dec 1883  Jaisinhrao Ghatge -Regent          (d. 1886)
                             (1st time)
25 Dec 1883 - 17 Mar 1884  Rani Anandbai Sahib (f) -Regent

17 Mar 1884 - 23 May 1900  Shahaji II Chhatrapati Jashwant    (b. 1874 - d. 1922)
                             Rao "Baba Sahib" 
                             (from 1 Jan 1895, Sir Shahaji II Chhatrapati Jashwant Rao)
17 Mar 1884 - 20 Mar 1886  Jaisinhrao Ghatge
-Regent          (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)

Maharajas

23 May 1900 -  6 May 1922  Sir Shahaji II Chhatrapati Jashwant(s.a.)
                             Rao "Baba Sahib"
 6 May 1922 - 26 Nov 1940  Rajaram II Chhatrapati             (b. 1897 - d. 1940)

                             (from 3 Jun 1924, Sir Rajaram II Chhatrapati)
26 Nov 1940 - 13 Jul 1942  Regency (the prime ministers)
13 Jul 1942 - 18 Nov 1942  Tarabai Sahib Chhatrapati (f)      (b. 1904 - d. 19..)
                             (regent) (1st time)   

18 Nov 1942 - 28 Sep 1946  Shivaji VI Chhatrapati             (b. 1941 - d. 1946)
22 Nov 1942 - 31 Mar 1947  Tarabai Sahib Chhatrapati (f)      (s.a.)
                             (regent) (2nd time) 

31 Mar 1947 -  1 Mar 1949  Sir Shahaji III Chhatrapati        (b. 1910 - d. 1983)
                             (= Maharaja Vikramasimha Rao Puar of Dewas [Senior Branch])

Dewans (chief ministers)
1772 - 1782                Yashvantrav Shinde
 
5 Jun 1783 – 1809         Ratnakarpant Rajadnya              (d. 1819)
1809 - 1813?               Rayajirao Japtanmulk
                           + Haibatrao Gaikwad
1813 – 1815/6              Haibatrao Gaikwad
1813 - 1821                Bhau Maharaj

1822 - 18..                Narayanrao Pandit Rajadnya         (d. 1835)
                             (1st time)
182. – 1826                Anantshastri Shrialkar             (d. 1826)
1826 - 182.                Krishnarao Jadhav Garde
1829 - 1830                Narayanrao Pandit Rajadnya         (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
1830 - 1842                Ramrao Desai
1842 – Jan 1843            Dinkarrao Gaikwad
31 Jan 1843 – Mar 1844     Ramchandrarao Rajadnya
Mar 1844 - 1845            Daji Krishnarao                    (d. 1854)
                             (= Daji Krishna Pandit)
1845 – 1849                Douglas Graham (1st time)          (d. 1853)
1849 - 1852                Anderson (acting)
1852 - 1853                Douglas Graham
(2nd time)          (s.a.)
1853 - 1856                George Malcolm
28 Oct 1856 - 1857         Thomas Maughan                     (b. 1805 - d. 1861)
14 Aug 1857 - 31 Mar 1858  George Le Grand Jacob              (b. 1805 - d. 1881)
                             (special commissioner Kolhapur)
1857 - 1859                A.D. Robertson
1859 - May 1861            William Henry Havelock             (b. 1826 - d. 1876)
                             (political agent)
1861 – Aug 1866            the ruler
1866 - Dec 1874            George Sligo Alexander Anderson    (b. 1822 - d. 1885)
State Administrators
 9 Jun 1870 - 1884         Maahadev Vasudev Barve
                             (= Madhavrao Barve)

Mar 1886 - Jun 1890        William Lee Warner                 (b. 1846 - d. 1914)
                             (president council of administration)
Jul 1890 -  2 Apr 1894     Khansaheb Meheraji Taraporwala
                             (president council of administration)
1885 - 1898                Meherjibhoy Kuverji Taraporewalla

                            
(acting for Barve 1883-1884)
1898 - Oct 1925            Raghunath Vyankaji Sabnis          (b. 1857 - d. 1948)

Oct 1925 - 12 Mar 1931     Anna Babaji Latthe                 (b. 1878 - d. 1950)
                             (acting to Jan 1926)
 
7 Jun 1930 - 15 Oct 1930  Dadasaheb Appasaheb Surve          (b. 1903 – d. 19..)
                             (acting for Latthe)
16 Oct 1930 - 28 Mar 1931  Dattajirao Madhavrao Bhosle        (b. 1903 – d. 19..)
                             (acting [for Latthe to 12 Mar 1931])
Prime ministers
29 Mar 1931 – Oct 1941     Dadasaheb Appasaheb Surve          (s.a.)
                             (1st time)
1932 - 1933                Dattajirao Madhavrao Bhosle
                             (acting for Surve)
Oct 1941 - Mar 1944        Edward William Perry              
(b. 1891 - d. 1971)
Mar 1944 - Apr 1944       
P.C. Patil
Apr 1944 - Apr 1946        Alfred Norval Mitchell             (b. 1906 - d. 1988)
Apr 1946 - 1947            Sir Thomas Austin                  (b. 1887 - d. 1976)

 1 Jun 1947 - Nov 1947     Dadasaheb Appasaheb Surve          (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
Nov 1947 – Mar 1948        Vasantrao Bagal                                         AISPC
Indian Administrator
Mar 1948 – Feb 1949        Venkatasubramani Nanjappa          (b. 1911 - d. 19..)

Agents to the Governor-General (from 1 Apr 1937, Residents) for Kolhapur and
Deccan States Agency
(in Kolhapur; as of 1947, in charge of the Deccan states¹)
 1 Apr 1933 - 26 Oct 1934  Harold Wilberforce-Bell            (b. 1885 - d. 1956)
27 Oct 1934 - 11 Nov 1934  Alexander Alfred Russell           (b. 1898 - d. 1967)
12 Nov 1934 - 16 Aug 1935  John Creery Tate                   (b. 1884 - d. 1942)
17 Aug 1935 - 30 May 1936  John de la Hay Gordon (acting)     (b. 1887 - d. 1959)
31 May 1936 -  6 Jun 1936  Kenneth Chalmers Packman (acting)  (b. 1899 - d. 1969)
 7 Jun 1936 - 16 Oct 1937  Kenmure Alick Garth Evans-Gordon   (b. 1885 - d. 1960)
                             (1st time) (acting)
17 Oct 1937 - 1938         George Patterson Murphy            (b. 1883 - d. 1938)
16 Jun 1938 - 1940         Kenmure Alick Garth Evans-Gordon   (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
 7 Mar 1940 - 1942         Philip Gaisford                    (b. 1891 - d. 1973)
23 Oct 1942 - 1944         Cosmo Grant Niven Edwards          (b. 1896 - d. 1964)
Sep 1944 - 1945            Joseph Herbert Thompson            (b. 1898 - d. 1984)
23 Mar 1945 - 1947         Cecil Walter Lewery Harvey         (b. 1897 - d. 1958)
1947                       Basil Woods-Ballard                (b. 1900 - d. 1980)
Indian Regional Commissioner for Kolhapur and the Deccan States (in Kolhapur)
c.1948                     ....

 ¹the Deccan states as of 1947: Akalkot, Aundh, Bhor, Jamkhandi, Janjira, Jath, Kolhapur, Kurundwad Junior, Kurundwad Senior, Miraj Junior, Miraj Senior, Mudhol, Phaltan, Ramdurg, Sangli, Savanur, and Sawantwadi, as well as the immediate Wadi estate.



Korea

[Korea state
                          flag 1924-1947 (India)]
Adopted 1924 State Flag
[Korea state
                          royal flag (India)]
Royal Flag
Capital: Baikunthpur Population: 126,874 (1941)
State Troops: None (1939)
Salute: None

16..                       Korea (Koriya) state founded.
24 Dec 1819                Ceded by Nagpur, the British protectorate (transferred already
                             in 1818), remains an estate.
 9 Feb 1876                Korea estate (zamindari) becomes a state.
15 Aug 1947                Accedes to India.
 1 Jan 1948                Merged into Central Provinces (from 26 Jan 1950, Madhya Pradesh;
                             from 1 Nov 2000 Chhattisgarh).

Rajas
.... - ....                Jit Rai Deo
.... - ....                Sagar Sahi Deo
.... - ....                Afhar Sahi Deo
.... - ....                Jahan Sahi Deo
.... - ....                Sawal Sahi Deo
.... - ....                Gajraj Singh Deo
1795 - Jun 1828            Gharib Singh Deo                   (b. 1745 - d. 1828)
Jun 1828 - 1864            Amole Singh Deo                    (b. 1785 - d. 1864)
 4 Apr 1864 - 1897         Pran Singh Deo                     (b. 1857/59 - d. 1897)
1897 - 18 Nov 1909         Sheo Mangal Singh Deo              (b. 1874 - d. 1909)
18 Nov 1909 -  1 Jan 1948  Ramanuj Pratap Singh Deo           (b. 1901 - d. 1954)
18 Nov 1909 - Jan 1925     Superintendents
                           - Pandit Gore Lall Pathak (1909-c.1911)
                           - Pandit Gangadin Shukul (c.1915)

Dewans (chief ministers)
c.1939                     A.N. Aindley
bf.1944 - af.1946          Sohan Lal Srivastava


Kot Kapura: see Faridkot


Kota (Kotah)

[Kotah bf.1877-1948
                        (India)]
bf.1877 - 1948

Capital: Kota Population: 777,398 (1941)
State Forces/Troops: 1,110 (1939)
Salute: 17 guns

1631                       Kota state secedes from Bundi.
18 Jun 1707 -  8 Sep 1713  Re-united with Bundi.
26 Dec 1817                British protectorate (by treaty).
15 Aug 1947                Accedes to India.
25 Mar 1948                Merged into Rajasthan.

Rulers (title Maharao)
Apr 1696 - 18 Jun 1707     Ram Singh I                        (b. 16.. - d. 1707)
18 Jun 1707 -  8 Sep 1713  interregnum
 8 Sep 1713
 - 19 Jun 1720  Bhim Singh I                       (b. 1682 - d. 1720)
19 Jun 1720 - Oct 1723     Arjun Singh                        (d. 1723)
Oct 1723 -  1 Aug 1756     Durjan Sal                         (d. 1756)
1756 - Mar 1758            Ajit Singh                         (b. bf.1676 - d. 1758)
Mar 1758 - 17 Dec 1764     Chhatar Sal Singh I                (b. bf.1718 - d. 1764)
17 Dec 1764 - 17 Jan 1771  Guman Singh                        (b. 1724 - d. 1771)
17 Jan 1771 - 19 Nov 1819  Umaid Singh I                      (b. 1761 - d. 1819)
19 Nov 1819 - 20 Jul 1828  Kishor Singh II                    (b. c.1781 - d. 1828)
20 Jul 1828 - 27 Mar 1866  Ram Singh II                       (b. 1808 - d. 1866)
27 Mar 1866 - 11 Jun 1889  Chhatar Sal Singh II               (b. 1837 - d. 1889)
11 Jun 1889 - 27 Dec 1940  Umaid Singh II                     (b. 1873 - d. 1940)
                             (from 23 May 1900, Sir Umaid Singh II)
11 Jun 1889 -  5 Dec 1896  Raghunath Das
Chaube -Regent
27 Dec 1940 - 25 Mar 1948  Bhim Singh II                      (b. 1909 - d. 1991)
                             (from 14 Aug 1947, Sir
Bhim Singh II)

Senior Member of the State Council (Mahakma Khas)
c.1923 - c.1930            Pandit Bishambar Nath
bf.1937 - 1940             Onkar Singh                        (b. 1872 - d. 1951)
                             (from 1939, Sir Onkar Singh)
Prime ministers
1940 - 1941                Sir Onkar Singh                    (s.a.)
1941 - 1942                Sir Harilal Nemchand Gosalia       (b. 1877 - d. 19..)
Jul 1942 – 1943            Shreenath Mehta                    (b. 1904 - d. 19..)
Dec 1943 - 1945            Kunj Beharilal Seth                (b. 1895 - d. 19..)
c.1946                     Brij Chand Sharma



Kotda-Sangani

Capital: Kotda-Sangani Population: 12,160 (1941)
State Troops:
None (1939)

Salute: None

1807/08 - 1948             Kotda-Sangani part of the Western Kathiawar semi-jurisdictional
                             states
(see under Jasdan).
 7 Dec 1943 - 15 Aug 1947  Attached (the British jurisdictional authority granted) to Gondal.
15 Aug 1947                Accedes to India.
15 Feb 1948                Merged into Saurashtra.
 1 Nov 1956                Part of Bombay (from 1 May 1960, Gujarat).


Rulers (title Thakor)
1755 - 1812                Hothiji                            (d. 1812)
1812 - 1825                Bhojrajji                          (d. 1825)
1825 - 1838                Bamaniaji
1838 - 1840                Sabloji
1840 - 1862                Meroji
1862 - 1878                Tajoji                             (d. 1878)
23 Nov 1878 - 1913         Mulvaji                            (b. 1872 - d. 1913)
1913 - 1930                Himatsinhji                        (b. 1892 - d. 19..)
1930 - 15 Feb 1948         Pradyumnasinhji                    (b. 1920 - d. 1980)

Karbhari (state manager)
c.1939                     Meruji D. Chudasama
Dewan
c.1941                     J.H. Buch   



Kothi

Capital: Kothi Population: 24,776 (1941)
State Troops:
None (1939)

Salute: None

1810                       British recognize Kothi estate (jagir) of Panna as state.
15 Aug 1947                Accedes to India.
 4 Apr 1948                Merged into Vindhya Pradesh (from 1 Nov 1956, Madhya Pradesh).

Rulers (title Rais; from 1878, Raja Bahadur)
1810 - 18..                Lal Duniyapat Singh
18.. - 1862                Lal Andhut Singh                   (d. 1862)
1862 - 1887                Ran Bahadur Singh                  (b. 1829 - d. 1887)
1887 - 1895                Bhagwat Bahadur Singh              (b. 1852 - d. 1895)
1895 - 1914                Avadhendra Bahadur Singh           (d. 1914)
1914 - 1935                Sitaram Pratap Singh               (b. 1892 - d. 1935)
1935 -  4 Apr 1948         Kaushalendra Pratap Singh          (b. 1912 - d. 19..)



Kotkhai (Kot Khai)

.... - 182.                Tributary to Pañjab (Punjab).
Sep 1827 - Jan 1828        British India administration.
Jan 1828                   Annexed to British India (part of Punjab; from 15 Apr 1948,
                             Himachal Pradesh).


Rulers (title Rana)

1812 - 1821                Ranjit Singh                       (b. 1782 - d. 1821)
1821 - Jan 1828            Bhagwan Singh                      (d. 1859)  


Kozhikode (Calicut)

c.826 AD                   Nediyirippu Swaroopam (Kozhikode) state founded
                             according to tradition.
1124                       Calicut (Kozhikode) city founded.
1503 - Nov 1571            Portuguese Fort at Chaliyam.
1591 - 1663                Portuguese settlement at Calicut.
1663 - 20 Oct 1795         Dutch settlement at Calicut.
27 Apr 1766 - 1768         Annexed by Mahisur (Mysore).
1768 - 1774                Tributary to Mahisur (Mysore).
1774 - 1792                Restored to Mahisur (Mysore).               
1782 - 1784                British occupation of Calicut.
18 Aug 1792                British protectorate.
15 Nov 1806                Reduced to an estate (zamindari)(part of Madras).

Rulers (title Samoothiri Raja [Zamorin])
1684 - 1705                Manavikraman VI Bharani Tirunal     (d. 1705)

1705 - 1711                Nileswaram Tirunal                  (d. 1705)
1711 - 1729                Vira Raya                           (d. 1729)
1729 -  4 Apr 1741         Manavikraman VII                    (d. 1741)
1741 - 12 Feb 1746         ... Kilakke Kovilakam               (b. 1706/11 - d. 1746)
1746 -  7 May 1758         ... Puthiya Kovilakam               (d. 1758)
1758 - 27 Apr 1766         ... Kilakke Kovilakam               (d. 1766)
1766 - 1788
               ... Puthiya Kovilakam               (d. 1788)
1766 - 1768                Madanna
                             (Mysore governor of Malabar, in Calicut)
1788 - 28 Mar 1798
        Karlavarma Vikram Puthiya           (d. 1798)
                             Kovilakam

1798 - 15 Nov 1806         Kishanvarma Puthiya Kovilakam       (d. 1816)


Kullu (Kulu)

c.500             
         Kullu (Kuluta) state founded in remote legendary antiquity.
1486                       Modern state founded.
1839 - 1841                Occupied by the Sikhs.
1841                       Annexed to the
Pañjab (Punjab).
 9 Mar 1846                Annexed to British India, as Waziri Rupi estate (jagir)
                             (part of Punjab; from 31 Oct 1966, Himachal Pradesh).
 
Rajas
1688 - 1719                Man Singh                          (d. 1719)
1719 - c.1731              Raj Singh                          (d. c.1731)
1731 - 1742                Jai Singh                          (d. 1744)
1742 - 10 Jan 1767         Tedhi Singh                        (d. 1767)
10 Jan 1767 - c.1806       Pritam Singh                       (d. c.1806)
1806 - Oct 1816            Bikram Singh                       (d. 1816)
Oct 1816 - Sep 1841        Ajit Singh                         (b. 1810 - d. 1841)


Kumharsain

[Kumharsain princely
                  state (India)]

Capital: Kumharsain Population: 13,983 (1941)
State Troops: None (1939)
Salute: None

c.1000                     Kumharsain (Kumarsain) state founded.
.... - Feb 1816            Tributary of Bashahr.
1803 - 1815                Occupied by Nepal.
1815                       British protectorate.
1839 - 1840                Occupied by British India.
1874 - 1896                Under Britsih India management.
15 Aug 1947                Accedes to India.
15 Apr 1948                Merged into Himachal Pradesh.

Rulers (title Rana Saheb)
.... - 1725                Ajmir Singh
1725 - 1755                Anup Singh                         (d. 1755)
1755 - 1789                Dalip Singh
1789 - 1803                Govardhan Singh                    (d. 1803)
1803                       Kehar Singh (1st time)             (d. 1839)

1803 - 1815                occupied by Nepal
1815 - 1839                Kehar Singh (2nd time)             (s.a.)
1839 - 1840                interregnum
1840 - 1858                Pritam Singh                       (d. 1858)
1858 - 1874                Bhawani Singh                      (d. 1874)
12 Nov 1874 - 24 Aug 1914  Hira Singh                         (b. 1849 - d. 1914)
1874 - 1896                Mangat Ram -Regent
24 Aug 1914 - 1945         Vidyadhar Singh                    (b. 1895 - d. 1945)

24 Aug 1914 - 1916?        Hira Singh -Regent
1945 -
15 Apr 1948         Sumesahwar Singh                   (b. 1930 - d. 1996)



Kunihar

Capital: Harkot Population: 2,399 (1941)
State Troops: None (1939)
Salute: None

1154                       Kunihar state founded.
1803 - 1815                Occupied by Nepal.
1815/39                    British protectorate.
15 Aug 1947                Accedes to India.
15 Apr 1948                Merged into Himachal Pradesh.

Rulers (title Thakur)
1763 - 1795                Anant Dev                          (b. 1715 - d. 1795)
1795 - 1803                Mungri Das (1st time)              (b. 1752 - d. 1816) 
1803 - 1815                occupied by Nepal
1815 - 1816                Mungri Das (2nd time)              (s.a.)
1816                       Puran Dev                          (b. 1769 - d. 1816)
1816 - 1866                Kishen Singh                       (b. 1803 - d. 1866)
1866 -  7 Oct 1905         Tegh Singh                         (b. 1834 - d. 1905)
 
7 Oct 1905 - 15 Apr 1948  Hardev Singh                       (b. 1898 - d. 1964)
1905 - 1917                Lakbsmi Dhar -Regent



Kurandvad (Kurandwad Senior Branch)

[Kurandvad (Kurandwad Senior
                Branch) (India)]

Capital: Kurundwad Population: 52,552 (1941)
State Troops: None (1939)
Salute: None

1733                       Kurandvad state founded.
1819                       British protectorate (by treaty).
 5 Apr 1854                Kurandvad state split into Senior Branch and Junior Branch.
15 Aug 1947                Accedes to India.
 8 Mar 1948                Merged into Bombay (from 1 May 1960, Maharashtra).

Rulers (title Rao)
1733 - 1771                Trimbakrao I "Appa Sahib
                             Patwardhan"                      (d. 1771)
1771 -  3 Mar 1771         Nilkanthrao "Dada Sahib
                             Patwardhan"                      (b. 1726 - d. 1771)
1771 - 1801                Raghunathrao I "Dada Sahib
                             Patwardhan"                      (b. 1750 - d. 1801)
1801 - 18..                Trimbakrao II "Appa Sahib
                             Patwardhan"
18.. - 1827                Keshavrao "Baba Sahib Patwardhan"  (b. .... - d. 1827)
1827 - 1876                Raghunathrao II Keshavrao
                             "Dada Sahib Patwardhan"          (b. 1812 - d. 1876)
25 Jan 1876 - 16 Feb 1908  Chintamanrao I Raghunathrao
                             "Bala Sahib Patwardhan"          (b. 1849 - d. 1908)
16 Feb 1908 - 10 Sep 1927  Bhalchandrarao Chintamanrao
                             "Anna Sahib Patwardhan"          (b. 1873 - d. 1927)
10 Sep 1927 -  8 Mar 1948  Chintamanrao II Bhalchandrarao
                             "Bala Sahib Patwardhan"          (b. 1921 - d. 1980)

10 Sep 1927 - 1942         Sitabai Sahib Bhalchandrarao
                             "Mai Sahib" (f) -Regent          (b. 1901 - d. 1969)

Karbhari (state managers)
c.1939                     Govind Krishna Gokhale
c.1940                     Chakravarthi Vijairaghava Chariar



Kurandvad (Kurandwad Junior Branch)

[Kurandvad (Kurandwad Junior
                Branch)(India)]

Capital: Madhavpur-
Vadgaon
Population: 46,609 (1941)
State Troops: None (1939)
Salute: None

 5 Apr 1854                Senior and Junior branches split the Kurandvad state.
15 Aug 1947                Accedes to India.
 8 Mar 1948                Merged into Bombay (from 1 May 1960, Maharashtra).

Rulers (title Rao)[ruling jointly to 1931]
 5 Apr 1854 - 1869         Trimbakrao                         (d. 1869)
 5 Apr 1854 - 1876         Vinayakrao                         (b. 1823 - d. ....)
                             "Appa Sahib Patwardhan"
 5 Apr 1854 - 1899         Ganpatrao Hariharrao               (b. 1837 - d. 1899)
 
5 Feb 1877 - 1911         Hariharrao Vinayakrao              (b. 1852 - d. 19..)
                             "Daji Sahib Patwardhan" 
29 Jul 1899 - 1931         Madhavrao Ganpatrao
                             "Bhav Sahib Patwardhan"          (b. 1875 - d. 1948)
1911 - 1932                Vinayakrao Hariharrao
                             "Nana Sahib Patwardhan"          (b. 1877 - d. 1932)
1932 -  9 Jun 1938         Ganpatrao Madhavrao                (b. 1900 - d. 1942)
                             "Bapu Sahib Patwardhan"
Rajas
 9 Jun 1938 -  9 Nov 1942  Ganpatrao Madhavrao                (s.a.)
                             "Bapu Sahib Patwardhan"
1942 -  8 Mar 1948         Ganpatrao Trimbakrao
               (b. 1924 - d. 2004)
                             "Tatya Sahib Patwardhan"



Kurnool


15..                       Kurnool (Karnul) state established by a Pathan general.
.... - 1800                Under the suzerainty of Hyderabad.
1800                       British protectorate.
Dec 1839                   Annexed to British India (part of Madras; from 1 Oct 1953,
                             Andhra Pradesh).

Rulers (title Nawab)
1690 - ....                Daud Khan

.... - 1724                Ibrahim Khan
1724 - 1733                Alif Khan
1733 - 1751                Himayat Bahadur Khan
1751 - 1792                Munawwar Khan
1792 - 1815                Aluf Khan
1815                       Muzaffar Khan
1815 - 1823                Munawwar Khan
1823 - Dec 1839            Ghulam Rasul Khan                  (d. 1840)



Kurwai

[Kurwai state flag
                        to 1948 (India)]
State Flag

[Kurwai state
                          royal flag to 1948 (India)]
Royal Flag
Capital: Kurwai Population: 29,541 (1941)
State Troops: None (1939)
Salute: None

1713                       Kurwai (Korwai) state founded.
1818                       British protectorate.
15 Aug 1947                Accedes to India.
28 May 1948                Merged into Madhya Bharat (from 1 Nov 1956, Madhya Pradesh).

Rulers (title Nawab)
1713 – 12 Oct 1722         Mohammad Diler Khan                (b. c.1670 - d. 1722)
12 Oct 1722 - 1762         Mohammad `Izzat Khan               (d. 1762)
1722 – 1727                Mohammad Ahsanullah Khan -Regent
1762 – 1792                Mohammed Hormat Khan               (d. 1792)
1792 - 1839                Akbar Mohammad Khan                (d. 1839)
1839 – 11 Aug 1858         Mohammad Mozaffar Khan             (d. 1858)
11 Aug 1858 – 15 Jan 1887  Mohammad Najaf Khan                (b. 1822 – d. 1887)
15 Jan 1887 – 10 Sep 1896  Monawar `Ali Khan                  (b. 1869 - d. 1896)
15 Jan 1887 – 1892         Mian Mazhar `Ali Khan -Regent
10 Sep 1896 -  1 Oct 1906  Mohammad Ya`qub `Ali Khan          (b. 1876 - d. 1906)
 1 Oct 1906 - 28 May 1948  Mohammad Sarwar `Ali Khan          (b. 1901 - d. 1986)
 1 Oct 1906 –  9 Apr 1923  Umar un-nisa Begum (f) -Regent     (d. 1963)
                             "Sarkar Amma"

Dewans (chief ministers)
c.1939                     Izzat Nishan Munshi Balmakund
c.1945                     Pirzada Amir Hasan


Kushalgarh

[Kushalgarh possible flag (India)]

Capital: Kushalgarh
Population: 41,153 (1941)
State Forces: None (1939)
Salute: None

1670                       Kushalgarh estate (thikana) founded, under Banswara.
1868                       In direct relations with the British, only the tribute to
                             Banswara state remains.
15 Aug 1947                Accedes to India.
25 Mar 1948                Merged into Rajasthan (represented in merger by Banswara).

Rulers (title Rao)
18.. - 1891                Zorawar Singh                      (d. 1891)
1891 - 1916                Udai Singh                         (b. 1855 – d. 1916)
1916 - af.1939             Ranjit Singh                       (b. 1882 – d. 19..)
bf.1942 - 25 Mar 1948      Harindra Singh                     (b. 1924 – d. 1967)
c.1942                     Tajammul Husain -Manager (regent)



Kuthar

Capital: Kuthar
Population: 4,970 (1941)
State Forces: None (1939)
Salute: None

bf.1700                    Kuthar state founded.
1803 - 1815                Occupied by Nepal.
1815                       British protectorate.
15 Aug 1947                Accedes to India.
15 Apr 1948                Merged into Himachal Pradesh.

Rulers (title Rana)
1776 - 1791                Samar Chand                        (d. 1791)
1791 - 1803                Gopal Chand (1st time)             (d. 1824)
1803 - 1815                occupied by Nepal
1815 - 1824                Gopal Chand (2nd time)             (s.a.)
1824 - 1858                Bhup Chand                         (d. 1858)
27 Dec 1858 - 1895         Jai Chand                          (b. c.1845 - d. 1895)
1895 -  4 Oct 1923         Jagjit Chand                       (b. 1886 - d. 1930)
 4 Oct 1923 - 15 Apr 1948  Krishan Chand                      (b. 1905 - d. 1956)


Kutlehar

[Kutlehar (India)]

750 AD                     Kutlehar state founded according to tradition.
1805 - 1809                Occupied by Nepal.
1825                       Annexed to Pañjab (Punjab).

Rulers (title Rai Saheb Shri)
c.1730                     Yadu Pal
c.1750                     Dharam Pal

.... - ....                Gur Pal
1798 - 1825                Amrat Pal                          (d. 1832)


Kutch: see Kachh
Lahaur (Lahore): see Pañjab


Lakhtar

Capital: Lakhtar Population: 26,780 (1941)
State Troops:
None (1939)

Salute: None

1604                       Lakhtar state founded.
1807                       Lakhtar and most of other Eastern Kathiawar states became the
                             British protectorates (by the Walker settlement of 1807/08).
1807/08 - 1948             Part of the Eastern Kathiawar semi-jurisdictional states

                             (see complete list of states and additional information here),
                             as of 1947 the precedence among these states was held Lakhtar.
1927                       Almost full jurisdictional authority granted by the British.
 7 Dec 1943 - 15 Aug 1947  Attached (British jurisdictional authority granted) to
                             Dhrangadhra.
15 Aug 1947                Accedes to India.
15 Feb 1948                Merged into Saurashtra.
 1 Nov 1956                Part of Bombay (from 1 May 1960, Gujarat).

Rulers (title Thakur Sahib)
1696 - 1714                Gopalsinhji Sheshmalji 
1714 - 1741                Karansinhji I Gopalsinhji
1741 - 1769                Abherajji II Karansinhji 
1769 - 1798                Raydhanji Abherajji
1798                       Sangramji Raydhanji
1798 - 1803                Chandrasinhji Raydhanji
1803 - 1835                Prithirajji Chandrasinhji          (d. 1835)
1835 - 15 Jun 1846         Vajirajji II Prithirajji           (d. 1846)
15 Jun 1846 -  8 Aug 1924  Karansinhji II Vajirajji           (b. 1846 - d. 1924)
 8 Aug 1924 -  2 Jul 1940  Balvirsinhji Karansinhji           (b. 1881 - d. 1940)
 2 Jul 1940 - 15 Feb 1948  Indrasinhji Balvirsinhji           (b. 1907 - d. 1999)

Dewan
c.1946                     R.P. Shukla


Las Bela: see Pakistani Princely States


Lathi

[Lathi (India)]

Capital: Lathi Population: 10,812 (1941)
State Troops:
None (1939)

Salute: None

c.1260                     Lathi state founded.
1807/08 - 1948             Part of the Eastern Kathiawar semi-jurisdictional states
                             (see under Lakthar).
 7 Dec 1943 - 15 Aug 1947  Attached (British jurisdictional authority granted) to
                             Bhavnagar.
15 Aug 1947                Accedes to India.
15 Feb 1948                Merged into Saurashtra.
 1 Nov 1956                Part of Bombay (from 1 May 1960, Gujarat).

Rulers (title Thakur Sahib)
.... - ....                Jijibawa Sursinhji
.... - ....                Bhojrajji III Jijibawa
1750 - ....                Lakhaji III Jijibawa
.... - ....                Sursinhji II Lakhaji
.... - ....                Lunshahji Sursinhji
.... - ....                Jijibawa II Lunshahji
.... - ....                Lakhaji IV Jijibawa
.... - ....                Amarsinhji Lakhaji
.... - 1878                Takhtsinhji Lakhaji                (b. 1843 - d. 1878)
 4 Nov 1878 - 1900         Sursinhji III Takhtsinhji          (b. 1875 - d. 1900)
10 Jun 1900 - 14 Oct 1918  Pratapsinhji Sursinhji             (b. 1891 - d. 1918)
10 Jun 1900 -  1 May 1911  the state managers -Regents
14 Oct 1918 - 15 Feb 1948  Prahladsinhji Pratapsinhji         (b. 1912 - d. 19..)

14 Oct 1918 - 19 Aug 1920  the state managers -Regents
19 Aug 1920 - 1921         Rani Saheb Ba Shri Gangaba
                             Saheb (f) -Regent

Karbhari (state managers)
1900 - 1904                Vakhatchand Umedchand
 5 Mar 1904 - 30 Sep 1907  Anopchand Jagjiwan Modi
 1 Oct 1907 - 18 Nov 1909  Shamshanker Jeyshanker
18 Nov 1909 -  1 May 1911  Anandrai Himatram Dave
16 Oct 1918 - 20 Nov 1918  Manilal K. Kaji (acting)
21 Nov 1918 - 20 Mar 1919  Meruji Dossaji Chudasama
 
2 Oct 1919 - 20 Feb 1920  K.S. Yirawala
21 Feb 1920 - 19 Aug 1920  K.S. Vajubha
bf.1939 - af.1944          Harischandrasinhji

c.1946                     Ramanlal K. Trivedi



Lawa

Capital: Lawa Population: 2,808 (1941)
State Troops: None (1939)
Salute: None

1772                       Lawa estate (thikana) founded, under Jaipur.
1817 - 1868                Part of Tonk state.
1868                       Estate entirely separated from Tonk and placed directly
                             under the British.
15 Aug 1947                Accedes to India.
30 Mar 1949                Merged into Rajasthan (represented in merger by Jaipur).

Rulers (title Thakur)
1865 - 1892                Dhirat Singh
29 Jul 1892 - c.1920       Mangal Singh                       (b. 1873 - d. c.1920)
                             (from 1903, personal style Rao Bahadur Raja)
c.1920 - 1929              Raghubir Singh                     (d. 1929)
1929 - af.1942             Bans Pardeep Singh                 (b. 1923)
c.1942                     Bhonrilal M. Papne -Manager (regent)



Limbdi

Capital: Limbdi Population: 44,024 (1941)
State Troops: 60 (1939)
Salute: 9 guns

c.1500                     Limbdi state founded.
1807                       British protectorate.
15 Aug 1947                Accedes to India.
15 Feb 1948                Merged into Saurashtra.
 1 Nov 1956                Part of Bombay (from 1 May 1960, Gujarat).

Rulers (title Thakur Sahib)
17.. - 17..                Askaranji III Verisalji 
17.. - 17..                Aderajji II Askaranji
17.. - 17..                Verisalji II Aderajji
17.. - 1786                Harbhanji I Verisalji              (d. 1786)
1786 - 1825                Harisinhji Harbhanj                (d. 1825)
1825 - 1837                Bhojraji Harisinhji                (d. 1837)
1837 -  8 Jan 1856         Harbhamji II Bhojraji              (d. 1856)
 8 Jan 1856 - 30 Jan 1862  Fatehsinhji Bhojraji               (d. 1862)
30 Jan 1862 - 15 Apr 1907  Jashwantsinhji Fatehsinhji         (b. 1859 - d. 1907)
                             (from 30 Jun 1887, Sir Jashwantsinhji Fatehsinhji)
30 Jan 1862 -  1 Aug 1877  Rani Shri Hariba Kunverba
                             Sahiba (f) -Regent
26 Apr 1907 - 30 Sep 1940  Daulatsinhji Jashwantsinhji        (b. 1868 - d. 1940)
                             (from 1 Jan 1921, Sir Daulatsinhji Jashwantsinhji)
30 Sep 1940 -  6 Jan 1941  Digvijaysinhji Daulatsinhji        (b. 1896 - d. 1941)
 6 Jan 1941 - 15 Feb 1948  Chhatarsalji Digvijaysinhji        (b. 1940)
 6 Jan 1941 - 15 Feb 1948  Regency
                           [first members of the Council of Administration]
                           - Fatehsinhji Daulatsinhji
                               (1st time)(1941-1942)          (b. 1900 - d. 19..)
                           - Motabhai S. Jayakar (1942)       (b. 1884 - d. 19..)
                           - John Patrick Nicholson           (b. 1888 - d. 19..)
                               (1942-1947)(president)
                           - Fatehsinhji Daulatsinhji         (s.a.)
                               (2nd time)(1947-1948)   

Dewans (chief minister)
c.1904 - 1917              Jhaverbhai Nathabhai
1917 -  9 Oct 1918         Meghabhai Ratansinhji
 9 Oct 1918 - 1920/21      Anupchand Jagjiwan Mody
1920/21 - 11 Mar 1921      Amritlal Talakshi Mehta (acting)
12 Mar 1921 - 192.         Vrijlal Jivanbhai Kothari    
1924 - 1928                Fatehsinhji Daulatsinhji (1st time)(s.a.)
1937 - 1946                Fatehsinhji Daulatsinhji (2nd time)(s.a.)



Loharu

[Loharu (India) state flag
                (India)]

Capital: Loharu Population: 27,892 (1941)
State Forces/Troops:
50 (1939)

Salute: 9 guns

1806                       Loharu state founded.
1806                       British protectorate.
15 Aug 1947                Accedes to India.
23 Feb 1948                Merged into East Punjab (from 1 Nov 1956, Punjab).

Rulers (title Nawab)
1806 - Feb 1825            Ahmad Bakhsh Khan                  (b. 1765 - d. 1827)
Oct 1822 - Feb 1825        Mirza Shamsuddin Ahmad Khan-Regent (b. 1809 - d. 1835)
Feb 1825 -
27 Feb 1869     Aminuddin Ahmad Khan               (b. 1812 - d. 1869)
27 Feb 1869 - 31 Oct 1884  Allauddin Ahmad Khan               (b. 1833 - d. 1884)
31 Oct 1884 - Apr 1920     Amiruddin Ahmad Khan               (b. 1860 - d. 1937)
                             (from 22 Jun 1897, Sir Amiruddin Ahmad Khan)
1893 - Feb 1905            Sahibzada Mirza Aziz ud-din Ahmad  (b. 1862 - d. 19..)
                             Khan (acting for absent Nawab)
20 Apr 1920 - 30 Oct 1926 
Aizuddin Ahmad Khan "Azam Mirza"   (b. 1885 - d. 1926)
30 Oct 1926 - 23 Feb 1948  Aminuddin Ahmad Khan               (b. 1911 - d. 1983)
30 Oct 1926 - 21 Nov 1931  Sir Amiruddin Ahmad Khan -Regent   (s.a.)

Dewan (chief minister)
c.1939                     Mirza Shamsuddin Ahmad Khan



Lugasi

Capital: Lugasi Population: 7,752 (1941)
State Troops: None (1939)
Salute: None

1808                       British recognize Lugasi estate (jagir) as state.
15 Aug 1947                Accedes to India.
 4 Apr 1948                Merged into Vindhya Pradesh (from 1 Nov 1956, Madhya Pradesh).

Rulers (title Diwan)
1808 - 1814                Dhiraj Singh                       (d. 1819)
1814 - 1860                Sardar Singh                       (d. 1860)
                             (from 1860, personal style Rao Bahadur)
1860 - 1872                Hira Singh                         (d. 1872)
1872 - 1902                Khet Singh                         (d. 1902)
1902 - 1917                Chhatrapati Singh                  (b. 1887 - d. 1917)
1917 -  4 Apr 1948         Bhupal Singh                       (b. 1916 - d. 19..)



Lunavada (Lunawada)

[Lunavada
                (Lunawada)(India)]

Capital: Lunavada
 (Lunawada)
Population: 105,318 (1941)
State Troops: 40 (1939)
Salute: 9 guns

1434                       Lunavada state founded.
1803                       British protectorate (effected in 1819).
1867 - 1880                British administration.
15 Aug 1947                Accedes to India.
10 Jun 1948                Merged into Bombay (from 1 May 1960, Gujarat).

Rulers (title Rana)
1674 - 1711                Bir Singh                          (d. 1711)
1711 - 1735                Nar Singh                          (d. 1735)
1735 - 1757                Wakhat Singh                       (d. 1757)
1757 - 1782                Dip Singh                          (d. 1782)
1782 - 1786                Durjan Singh                       (d. 1786)
1786                       Jagat Singh
1786 - 1817                Partab Singh
1817 - 1818                Shiv Singh
1818 - 1849                Fateh Singh                        (d. 1849)

1849 - 1851                Dalpat Singh                       (d. 1851)
1851 - 1852                interregnum
1852 - Jun 1867            Dalil Singh                        (d. 1867) 

31 Oct 1867 - 27 Apr 1929  Wakhat Singh Dalil Singh           (b. 1861 - d. 1929)
                             (from 25 May 1889, Sir Wakhat Singh Dalil Singh)
27 Apr 1929 - 10 Jun 1948  Virbhadra Singh Ranjit Singh       (b. 1910 - d. 1986)

Dewans (chief ministers)
bf.1939 - af.1942          J.N. Varma
1944 - af.1946             Amritlal P. Shah                   (b. 1906 - d. 19..)



Mahisur (Mysore)

[Mysore
                          c.1782 - 1799 Tipu Sultan's Flag (India)]
c.1782 - 1799 Tipu Sultan's Flag
[Mahisur
                          (Mysore) state c.1881 - 1950 (India)]
c.1881 - 25 Jan 1950
Map of Mysore Population: 7,329,000 (1941)
Government of Mysore Act (13 Apr 1940) Salute: 21 guns
Capital: Bangalore
(to 1831 Mysore [Mahisur])
Anthem
"Kayo Shri Gowri"
(O Goddess Gowri)
Adopted 1831
Ethnic groups: Kannada 69%,
Telugu 15%, Hindustani 6%,
Tamil 5%, other 5% (1941)
Religions: Hindu 91%,
Muslim 7%, other 2% (1941)
Currency: Indian Rupee (INR)
Exports: 123 million Indian
rupees (1938/39)
Imports: 130 million Indian
rupees (1938/39)
State Forces: 3,158 (1945)

bf.1350                    Mahisur (Mysore) state founded.
Jan 1786 -  4 May 1799     Tipu Sultan establishes Khuda-Dad (Khudadad) state, independent
                             of Mughal Empire, with himself as ruler, styled Padshah.
30 Jun 1799                Mahisur state restored as a British protectorate.
19 Oct 1831 - 25 Mar 1881  Administered by British India.
15 Aug 1947                Accedes conditionally to India.
28 Jun 1949                Accedes fully to India as Mysore state, effective 25 Jan 1950.
 1 Nov 1973                Part of Karnataka.

Maharajas
11 Feb 1673 - 16 Nov 1704  Chikka Devaraja Wodeyar            (b. 1645 - d. 1704)
16 Nov 1704 - 18 Feb 1714  Narasaraja II Wodeyar              (b. 1672 - d. 1714)
16 Nov 1704 - 18 Feb 1714  .... Kalale -Regents
18 Feb 1714 -  5 Mar 1732  Krishnaraja I Wodeyar              (b. 1702 - d. 1732)

19 Mar 1732 - 10 Jun 1734  Chamaraja VII Wodeyar              (b. 1704 - d. 1734)
1734 - 25 Apr 1766         Krishnaraja II Wodeyar             (b. 1728 - d. 1766)
1734 - 1746                Mahisura Delavoi Devarajaiya
                             Urs -Regent

25 Apr 1766 -  2 Aug 1770  Nanjaraja Wodeyar                  (b. 1748 - d. 1770)
 2 Aug 1770 - 16 Sep 1776  Chamaraja VIII Wodeyar             (b. 1759 - d. 1776)
 2 Aug 1770 - 16 Sep 1776  Hyder `Ali -Regent (1st time)      (b. 1721 - d. 1782)
27 Sep 1776 - Jan 1786     Chamaraja IX Wodeyar               (b. 1774 - d. 1796)
27 Sep 1776 -  7 Dec 1782  Hyder `Ali -Regent (2nd time)      (s.a.)
 7 Dec 1782 - Jan 1786     Tipu (
Tippoo) Sultan -Regent       (b. 1749 - d. 1799)
Ruler (titled Padshah)
Jan 1786 -  4 May 1799     Tipu Sultan                        (s.a.)
Maharajas
25 Jun 1799 - 27 Mar 1868  Mummadi Krishnaraja III Wodeyar    (b. 1794 - d. 1868)
                             (from 24 May 1867, Sir Krishnaraja III Wodeyar)
25 Jun 1799 - Feb 1810     Maharani Lakshmi Amman Devi       
(b. 1742 - d. 1810)
                             Avaru (f) -Regent

25 Jun 1799 - 23 Dec 1811  Dewan Krishnacharya Purnaiya-Regent(b. 1746 - d. 1812)
27 Mar 1868 - 28 Dec 1894  Jaina C
hamaraja X Wodeyar          (b. 1863 - d. 1894)
                             (from 23 May 1884, Sir Jaina Chamaraja X Wodeyar)
27 Mar 1868
- 22 Feb 1881  Maharani Devajammanni (f) -Regent  (b. 1804 - d. 1893)
28 Dec 1894 -  3 Aug 1940  Krishnaraja IV Wodeyar             (b. 1884 - d. 1940)

                             (from 1 Jan 1907, Sir Krishnaraja IV Wodeyar)
28 Dec 1894 -  8 Aug 1902  Maharani Vani Vilas                (b. 1866 - d. 1934)

                             Sannidhana (f) -Regent 
 3 Aug 1940 - 25 Jan 1950  Jayachamarajendra Wodeyar          (b. 1919 - d. 1974)
                             (from 1 Jan 1945, Sir
Jayachamarajendra Wodeyar)

Dewans (chief ministers)
1714 - 1724                Kalale Chaluvayya
1724 - 1746                Kalale Devarajayya
1746 - 1758                Nanjarajayya of Kalale
1758 - 1761                Khande Rao                         (d. 1762)
1761 - 1765                Venkatappa                         (d. 1765)    
1765 - 1779                Pradhana Venkappayya
1779 - 1787                Syed Mir Sadiq (1st time)          (d. 1799)
1787 - 17..                Mahdi Ali Khan Nayut
17.. - 1799                Syed Mir Sadiq (2nd time)          (s.a.)
1799 - 1811                Krishnacharya Purnaiya             (s.a.)
Apr 1811 - Jan 1812        Bargir Bakshi Balaji Rao
Feb 1812 - Oct 1817        Savar Bakshi Rama Rao
Nov 1817 - Apr 1818        Babu Rao (1st time)                (d. 1834)
May 1818 - Feb 1820        Siddharaj Urs
Mar 1820 - Aug 1821        Babu Rao (2nd time)                (s.a.)
Nov 1821 - Nov 1822        Lingaraj Urs
Dec 1822 - Nov 1825        Babu Rao (3rd time)                (s.a.)
Nov 1825 - May 1927        Vacant
May 1827 - Oct 1831        Venkata Urs
Oct 1831 - 14 May 1832     Venkataramanaiya
May 1832 - 19 Apr 1834     Babu Rao (4th time)                (s.a.)
1834 - 1838                Kollam Venkata Rao
Huzur Head Sherestedar

1838 - 1840                Surappaya                          (d. 1840)
Assistants to the Commissioners for the government of Mysore
1840 - 1844                Kollam Venkata Rao
1844 - 1858                Kola Krishnama Naidu
1858 - 1864                Kola Vijayarangam Naidu
1864 - 1866                Arunachala Mudaliar

Dewans (chief ministers)
1866 - 1881                the British commissioners
25 Mar 1881 - 20 Jan 1883  Cettipanyam Viravalli Rungacharlu 
(b. 1831 - d. 1883)
21 Jan 1883 - 18 Mar 1901  Kumarapuram Seshadri Iyer         
(b. 1845 - d. 1901)
                             (acting to 11 Feb 1883)
                            
(from 2 Jan 1893, Sir Kumarapuram Seshadri Iyer)
11 Aug 1900 - 18 Mar 1901  T.R.A. Thambuchetty                (b. 1837 - d. 1907)
                             (
= Trichinopoly Rayalu Arakiaswamy Thumboo Chetty)
                             (acting for Iyer)
18 Mar 1901 - 30 Jun 1906  Purniah Narasinga Rao Krishnamurti (b. 1849 - d. 1911)
                            
(from 1 Jan 1903, Sir Purniah Narasinga Rao Krishnamurti)
30 Jun 1906 - 31 Mar 1909  Vishwanath Patankar Madhava Rao    (b. 1850 - d. 1934)
 1 Apr 1909 - 1912         Tanjore Ananda Rao                 (b. 1852 - d. 1919)
10 Nov 1912 - 1918         Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya          (b. 1861 - d. 1962)
                            
(from 1915, Sir Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya)
10 Dec 1918 - 1922         M. Kantharaj Urs
                  (b. 1870 - d. 1922)
 6 Mar 1922 - 1926         Sir Albion Rajkumar Banerjee       (b. 1871 - d. 1950)
 1 May 1926 -  1 Jun 1941  Sir Mirza Muhammad Ismail          (b. 1883 – d. 1959)
 1 Jun 1941 -  6 Aug 1946  Sir Nyapathi Madhava Rao           (b. 1887 - d. 1972)

 6 Aug 1946 - 25 Oct 1947  Sir Arcot Ramaswami Mudaliar       (b. 1887 - d. 1976)
Prime minister
25 Oct 1947 - 25 Jan 1950  Kysasambally Chengalaraya Reddy    (b. 1902 - d. 1976)  INC

British Residents in Mysore
22 Jul 1799 - Mar 1801     Sir Barry Close                    (b. 1756 - d. 1813)
31 Mar 1801 -  1 Feb 1803  Josiah M.C.S. Webbe (1st time)     (b. 1768 - d. 1804)
 1 Feb 1803 - 23 Oct 1803  John Chamier (acting)
23 Oct 1803 -  1 Feb 1804  Josiah M.C.S. Webbe (2nd time)     (s.a.)
Apr 1804 - 1808            Mark Wilks                         (b. 1760? - d. 1831)
Nov 1804 - Mar 1805        Sir John Malcolm (1st time)        (b. 1769 - d. 1833)
                             (acting for Wilks)
Apr 1807 - Feb 1808        Sir John Malcolm (2nd time)        (s.a.)
                             (acting for Wilks)
29 Feb 1808 - 1825         Arthur Henry Cole (acting to 1809) (b. 1780 - d. 1844)
1825 - 1833                James Archibald Casamajor          (b. 1784 - d. 1863)
                             (acting to 1827)
1833 - 1834                Henry Sullivan Graeme (acting)     (b. 1781 - d. 1850)
May 1834 - Oct 1834        Mark Cubbon                        (b. 1784 - d. 1861)
Oct 1834 - Jan 1836        James Stuart Fraser                (b. 1783 - d. 1869)
19 Jan 1836 - 31 Dec 1842  R.D. Stokes
Commissioners of Mysore Commission (and from 24 Feb 1869 Chief Commissioners of Coorg)
19 Oct 1831 - Jun 1834     Board of Commissioners
                           - John Briggs                      (b. 1785 - d. 1875)
                              (senior commissioner to 6 Feb 1833)   
                           - Charles May Lushington           (b. 1784 - d. 1844)    
                              (19 Oct 1831 - 18 Feb 1832)
                           - George Dominico Drury            (b. 1793 - d. 1870)
                              (18 Feb - 16 Jun 1832)
                           - John M. Macleod                  (b. 1792 - d. 1881)
                              (16 Jun 1832 - 17 Feb 1834)
                           - William Morison                  (b. 1785 - d. 1867)
                              (senior commissioner from 6 Feb 1833
                           - Mark Cubbon (from 17 Feb 1834)   (s.a.) 
 
3 Mar 1834 - 18 Jan 1836  James Stuart Fraser                (s.a.)
18 Jan 1836 -  1 Mar 1861  Mark Cubbon                        (s.a.)
                             (from 26 May 1856, Sir Mark Cubbon) 
 
1 Mar 1861 - 21 Apr 1862  Charles Burslem Saunders (1st time)(b. 1821 - d. 1888)
21 Apr 1862 - 10 Sep 1866  Lewin Bentham Bowring (1st time)   (b. 1824 - d. 1910)

10 Sep 1866 - 11 Nov 1867  Charles Burslem Saunders (2nd time)(s.a.)
11 Nov 1867 - 21 Feb 1870  Lewin Bentham Bowring (2nd time)   (s.a.)
21 Feb 1870 -  5 Jun 1876  Richard John Meade                 (b. 1821 - d. 1904)

                            
(from 30 May 1874, Sir Richard John Meade)
 5 Jun 1876 -  1 Apr 1878  Charles Burslem Saunders (2nd time)(s.a.)

 1 Apr 1878 - 25 Mar 1881  James Davidson Gordon              (b. 1835 - d. 1889)
Residents in Mysore (also Chief Commissioners of Coorg until 1 Jul 1940)
(as of 1947, in charge of Banganapalle, Mysore and Sandur states)

25 Mar 1881 -  1 May 1882  James Davidson Gordon (1st time)   (s.a.)
                             (from 24 May 1881, Sir James Davidson Gordon)
 
1 May 1882 –  4 Dec 1882  John Douglas Sandford (acting)     (b. 1833 – d. 1892)
 4 Dec 1882 -  8 Jun 1883  Sir James Davidson Gordon          (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
 8 Jun 1883 – 17 Dec 1884  Sir James Broadwood Lyall          (b. 1838 - d. 1916)
                             (1st time)(acting to 7 Dec 1883)
17 Dec 1884 -  2 Mar 1885  Tredway George Clarke (acting)     (b. 1835 – d. 1924)
 2 Mar 1885 -  2 Jun 1885  Arthur Henry Temple Martindale     (b. 1854 - d. 1942)
                             (acting)
 2 Jun 1885 – May 1886     Charles Edward Ridgway Girdlestone (b. 1839 - d. 1889)
                             (acting)
May 1886 - 20 Mar 1887     Sir James Broadwood Lyall          (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)      
20 Mar 1887 – 10 Oct 1887  Sir Dennis Fitzpatrick  (acting)   (b. 1827 - d. 1920)
10 Oct 1887 - 15 Jan 1889  Sir Harry North Dalrymple          (b. 1834 - d. 1913)
                             Prendergast (1st time) (acting)
15 Jan 1889 -  1 Jun 1891  Sir Oliver Beauchamp Coventry      (b. 1837 - d. 1891)
                             St. John
 1 Jun 1891 - 16 Apr 1892  Sir Harry North Dalrymple          (s.a.)
                             Prendergast (2nd time)(acting)
16 Apr 1892 - 12 Jul 1892  Philip Durham Henderson (1st time) (b. 1840 - d. 1918)
12 Jul 1892 – 13 Oct 1892  Henry Phipson Peacock (acting)     (b. 1838 - d. 1906)
13 Oct 1892 - 20 Feb 1895  Philip Durham Henderson (2nd time) (s.a.)
20 Feb 1895 - 18 Sep 1895  Sir William Lee-Warner             (b. 1846 - d. 1912)
18 Sep 1895 -  7 Dec 1896  William Mackworth Young            (b. 1840 - d. 1924)
 7 Dec 1896 - 28 Jun 1899  Sir Donald Robertson (1st time)    (b. 1847 - d. 1930)
                             (acting to 10 Feb 1897)
28 Jun 1899 – 26 Nov 1899  James Adair Crawford (1st time)    (b. 1857 - d. 1936)
                             (acting)
26 Nov 1899 - 29 May 1901  Sir Donald Robertson (2nd time)    (s.a.)
29 May 1901 –  5 Dec 1901  James Adair Crawford (2nd time)    (s.a.)
                             (acting)
 5 Dec 1901 -  5 Nov 1903  Sir Donald Robertson (3rd time)    (s.a.)
 5 Nov 1903 - 22 Nov 1905  James Austin Bourdillon            (b. 1848 - d. 1913)
                            
(from 1 Jan 1904, Sir James Austin Bourdillon)
22 May 1905 – 22 Nov 1905  Albert Williams
                             (acting for
Bourdillon)
22 Nov 1905 - 26 Aug 1910  Sir Stuart Mitford Fraser          (b. 1864 - d. 1963)

15 Mar 1907 – 25 Nov 1907  Albert Williams (acting for Fraser)
26 Aug 1910 -  7 Apr 1916  Sir Hugh Daly                      (b. 1860 - d. 1939)

 7 Apr 1916 -  8 Mar 1920  Henry Venn Cobb                    (b. 1864 - d. 1949)
 8 Mar 1920 - 29 Jun 1925  Sir William Pell Barton            (b. 1871 - d. 1956)
18 Feb 1921 - 18 Oct 1921  Stuart George Knox                 (b. 1869 - d. 1956)
                             (acting for Barton)
24 Feb 1924 – 14 Mar 1924  Alexander Norman Ley Cater         (b. 1880 - d. 1957)
                             (acting for Barton)
15 Mar 1924 – 31 Aug 1924  Charles Cunningham Watson          (b. 1874 - d. 1934)
                             (acting for Barton)
29 Jun 1925 - 22 Jun 1930  Sir Steuart Edmund Pears           (b. 1875 - d. 1931)

23 Jun 1930 -  5 May 1933  Richard John Charles Burke         (b. 1878 - d. 1960)
 
6 May 1930 - 22 Jun 1930  Percy Gordon Loch                  (b. 1887 - d. 1953)
                             (acting for Burke)

 5 May 1933 -  9 Dec 1937  Charles Terence Chichele Plowden   (b. 1883 - d. 1956)
 
7 Nov 1935 – 13 May 1936  Leonard Glyde Lavington Evans      (b. 1888 - d. 1976)
                             (acting for Plowden)
14 May 1936 – 29 May 1936  Cosmo Grant Niven Edwards          (b. 1896 - d. 1964)
                             (acting for Plowden)
 9 Dec 1937 - 26 Nov 1941  John de la Hay Gordon              (b. 1887 - d. 1959)

26 Nov 1941 - 1944         Sir Denholm de Montalt Fraser      (b. 1889 - d. 1956)
 
5 Oct 1944 - 1946         Sir Philip Gaisford                (b. 1891 - d. 1973)
1946 - 1947                Sir Walter Fendall Campbell        (b. 1894 - d. 1973)



Mahlog (Mahilog)

Capital: Patta Population: 8,631 (1941)
State Troops: None (1939)
Salute: None

bf.1600                    Mahlog (Mahilog) state founded.
.... - 18..                Subject to Bilaspur.
1803 - 1815                Occupied by Nepal.
1815/39                    British protectorate.
15 Aug 1947                Accedes to India.
15 Apr 1948                Merged into Himachal Pradesh.

Rulers (title Thakur)
.... - ....                Uttam Chand
.... - ....                Ajit Chand
.... - ....                ....
.... - 1801                Nahar Chand                         (d. 1801)

1801 - 1803                Sansar Chand (1st time)             (d. 1849)
1803 - 1815                occupied by Nepal
1815 - 1849                Sansar Chand (2nd time)             (s.a.)
1849 - 1880                Dhalip Chand                        (b. 1829 - d. 1880)
16 May 1880 - 16 Sep 1902  Raghunath Chand                     (b. 1861/66 - d. 1902)
                             (from 1898, personal style Rana)
16 Sep 1902 - 16 Dec 1934  Durga Chand                         (b. 1898 - d. 1934)
16 Sep 1902 - Jan 1908     Mansa Ram -Regent                   (d. 1908)
                             (president of the council)
Jan 1908 - 1920            Chaudhri Baldeo Singh -Regent (manager)
16 Dec 1934 - 15 Apr 1948  Narendra Chand                      (b. 1921 - d. 2011)

16 Dec 1934 - Feb 1942     M. Amin Chand -Manager (regent)



Mahratta (Maratha) states

[Mahratta (Maratha) States
                (India)]
 
Map of Mahratta Empire
Capital: Pune (Poona)
(Satara 1698-1750;
Raigarh 1674-1698)
Population: N/A

16 Jun 1674                Shivaji Bhonsle secedes from Mughal Empire and creates
                             a Mahratta (Maharashtra) Empire; a branch of the Bhonsle
                             family displaces an earlier lineage in Tanjur (Tanjore).
14 Apr 1680                Shivaji dies, and his lineage maintains an increasingly
                             tenuous paramountcy over the Mahratta chiefs, ruling
                             directly over a district centered at Satara; the "chief
                             minister," styled peshwa, soon governs a quasi-independent
                             polity - from 1713 the peshwa is chosen from the ruling
                             Bhonsle family.
1731                       The Mahratta states of Baroda, Gwalior, and Indaur (Indore)
                             become de facto independent.
1734                       The Mahratta state of Nagpur becomes de facto independent.
11 Jun 1793                Tanjur a British protectorate. 
20 Oct 1799                Tanjur (Tanjore), with the exception of the capital fortress, is
                             annexed to British India.              
 3 Jun 1818                The "Peshwa's Dominions" (Pune) are annexed to British India
                             (part of Bombay).

25 Sep 1819                Satara a British protectorate. 
 5 Apr 1848                Satara, the site of the Mahratta paramount ruler, is annexed to
                             British India (part of Bombay).
11 Dec 1853                Nagpur is annexed to British India (part of Central Provinces).
30 Oct 1855                Tanjur (Tanjore) fortress is annexed to British India (part of
                             Madras).

Jul 1857 - 1857            Rebellion by son of the last peshwa.

Satara

Rulers (title Maharaja Chatrapati)
16 Jun 1674 -  5 Apr 1680  Shivaji I                          (b. 1627 - d. 1680)
 5 Apr 1680 - 11 Mar 1689  Shambhaji                          (b. 1657 - d. 1689)
11 Mar 1689 -  3 Mar 1700  Rajaram I                          (b. 1670 - d. 1700)
 3 Mar 1700 - 12 Oct 1707  Shivaji II                         (b. 1696 - d. 1726)
 3 Mar 1700 - 12 Oct 1707  Sitabai Ai Sahib Bhonsle (f)-Regent(b. 1675 - d. 1761)
12 Oct 1707 - 15 Dec 1749  Shahuji I                          (b. 1689 - d. 1749)
15 Dec 1749 - 11 Dec 1777  Rajaram II                         (b. 1726 - d. 1777)
11 Dec 1777 -  3 May 1808  Shahuji II "Appa Sahib"            (b. 1763 - d. 1808)
 3 May 1808 -  5 Sep 1839  Pratapsinha "Bowa Sahib"           (b. 1793 - d. 1847)
 
3 May 1808 - Feb 1818     the Peshwa -Regent
 5 Sep 1839 -  5 Apr 1848  Shahuji III "Appa Sahib"           (b. 1802 - d. 1848)

 5 Apr 1848 -  1 May 1849  Venkatji "Bowa Sahib"              (b. c.1840 - d. 1864)
 

British East India Company Residents
1813 - 1823                James Cunningham Grant-Duff        (b. 1789 - d. 1858) 
1823 - 1827                John Briggs                        (b. 1785 - d. 1875) 
1827 - 1832                Archibald Robertson                (b. 1782 - d. 1847)
1832 - 1836                Peter Lodwick                      (b. 1782? - d. 1873)
1836 - 1844                Charles Ovans                      (b. 1793? - d. 1858)
May 1845 - May 1847        James Outram                       (b. 1803 - d. 1863) 
1847 - 1849                Henry Bartle Frere                 (b. 1815 - d. 1884)  


"The Peshwa's Dominions"

Peshwas
16 Nov 1713 -  2 Apr 1719  Balaji Vishwanath Bhat             (b. 1662 - d. 1719)
 2 Apr 1719 - 25 Apr 1740  Bajirao I (Pahila Bajirao)         (b. 1698 - d. 1740)
25 Apr 1740 - 23 Jun 1761  Balaji Baji Rao                    (b. 1721 - d. 1761)
23 Jun 1761 - 18 Nov 1772  Madhava Rao I Ballal               (b. 1745 - d. 1772)
18 Nov 1772 - 30 Aug 1773  Narayan Rao                        (b. 1755 - d. 1773)
30 Aug 1773 - 1774         Raghunath Rao                      (b. 1734 - d. 1794)
18 Apr 1774 - 25 Oct 1795  Sawai Madhava Rao II Narayan       (b. 1774 - d. 1795)
1774 - 1800                Nana Phadnis -Administrator/Regent (b. 17.. - d. 1800)
25 Oct 1795 -  6 Dec 1796  Chimnaji Appa Rao                  (b. 1783 - d. 1830)
 6 Dec 1796 -  3 Jun 1818  Bajirao II                         (b. 1775 - d. 1853)
Jul 1857 - 1857            Sahib Nana (Dhondu Pant)           (b. 1824 - d. 1859)
                            (in rebellion)

British East India Company Residents in Poona (Pune)
 3 Mar 1786 - 21 Feb 1797  Charles Warre Malet                (b. 1752 - d. 1815)
21 Feb 1797 - 24 Mar 1798  Joshua Uhthoff (acting)            (b. 1765 - d. 1818)
24 Mar 1798 - 18 Dec 1801  William Palmer                     (b. 1740 - d. 1816)
1801 - 1811                
Barry Close                        (b. 1756 - d. 1813)
1811 - 1819                Mountstuart Elphinstone            (b. 1779 - d. 1859)


Nagpur

[Nagpur (India)]

Rulers (title Maharaja Sena Sahib Subah)
1734 - 14 Feb 1755         Raghuji I                          (d. 1755) 
14 Feb 1755 - 21 May 1773  Janoji                             (d. 1773)
21 May 1773 - 19 May 1788  Mudhoji I -Regent
19 May 1775 - 22 Mar 1816  Raghuji II                         (d. 1816)
22 Mar 1816 -  2 Feb 1817  Parsoji "Bala Sahib Parsharam"     (b. 1778 - d. 1817)
 2 Feb 1817 - 15 Mar 1818  Mudhoji II "Appa Sahib"            (b. 1796 - d. 1840)
26 Jun 1818 - 11 Dec 1853  Raghuji III "Bapu Sahib"           (b. 1808 - d. 1853)

British East India Company Residents in Nagpur
18 Mar 1799 - 19 May 1801  Henry Thomas Colebrooke            (b. 1765 - d. 1837)
19 May 1801 - 31 Dec 1803  Vacant
21 Dec 1803 - 1808         Montstuart Elphinstone             (b. 1779 - d. 1859)
1808 - 29 Dec 1826         Richard Jenkins                    (b. 1785 - d. 1853)
29 Dec 1826 - 12 Apr 1827  Hamilton (acting)
12 Apr 1827 - 19 Feb 1830  Francis Boyle Shannon Wilder       (b. 1785 - d. 1849) 
1830 - 1833                Henry Sullivan Graeme              (b. 1781 - d. 1850)
1833 - 1834                Gordon (acting)
31 May 1834 - 1835         John Briggs                        (b. 1785 - d. 1875)
1835 - 13 Nov 1839         Richard Cavendish                  (b. 1794 - d. 1876)
13 Nov 1839 - 12 Sep 1844  Sir Thomas Wilkinson 
 1 Dec 1844 - 1847         Alexander Spiers                   (b. 1785 - d. 1847)
Jan 1847 - 12 Mar 1849     G. Ramsay
12 Mar 1849 - Aug 1850     Thomas Reid Davidson               (d. 1851)
Nov 1850 - 13 Mar 1854     Charles Grenville Mansel           (b. 1806 - d. 1886)


Tanjur (Tanjore)

Rajas
Jan 1685 - 1712            Shahji                             (b. 1672 - d. 1712)
1712 - 1729                Sarfoji I                          (b. 1675 - d. 1729)
1729 - 1736                Tukoji (Thulaja I)                 (b. 1677 - d. 1736)
1736 - 1737                Venkoji II (Baba Sahib)            (b. 1696 - d. 1737)
1737 - 1740                Pratap (1st time)                  (d. 1763)
1737 - 1738                Rani Sujana Bai (f) -Regent
1740 - 1741                Shahuji (Kattu Raje)(pretender)    (d. 1741)
1741 - 16 Dec 1763         Pratap (2nd time)                  (s.a.)
16 Dec 1763 - 1787         Tuljaji                            (b. 1738 - d. 1787)
                             (British prisoner 16 Sep 1773 - 11 Apr 1776)
23 Jan 1787 - 1793         Sarabhoji II (Sarfoji II)          (b. 1777 - d. 1832)
                             (1st time) 
23 Jan 1787 - 1793         Amir (Amar Singh) -Regent          (b. 17.. - d. 1802)
1793 - 29 Jun 1798         Amir                               (s.a.)

29 Jun 1798 -  7 Mar 1832  Sarabhoji II (Sarfoji II)          (s.a.)
                             (2nd time) 
 7 Mar 1832 - 30 Oct 1855  Shivaji                            (d. 1855)

British East India Company Residents in Tanjore
1781 - 1785                John Sullivan                      (b. 1749 - d. 1839)
1785 - 1787                John Hudleston                     (b. 1749 - d. 1835)
1787 - Oct 1789            Alexander Macleod (1st time)
1789 - 1792                George Andrew Ram
1792? - 1797               Alexander Macleod (2nd time)
1797 - 1798                Alexander Grant
1798 - 1803                Benjamin Torin                     (b. 1768 - d. 1839)
1803 -  3 Mar 1823         William Blackburne                 (b. 1764 - d. 1839)
 4 Mar 1823 - 21 Aug 1824  William Hardy
22 Aug 1824 -  9 Nov 1830  John Fyfe
10 Nov 1830 - 31 Dec 1830  W. Tweedie (acting)
 1 Jan 1831 - 31 Mar 1831  W. Hudlestone
 1 Apr 1831 - 16 Aug 1832  J. Blackurne
17 Aug 1832 - 18 Oct 1834  Archibald Douglas (1st time)
19 Oct 1834 - 20 Jul 1837  T. Macleane
21 Jul 1837 - 20 Oct 1837  C.M. Macleane (acting)
21 Oct 1837 -  2 Jul 1839  T. Macleane
 3 Jul 1839 - 23 Sep 1839  W. Lockhart (1st time)(acting)
24 Sep 1839 - 14 Oct 1839  T. Macleane
15 Oct 1839 - 13 Nov 1839  W. Lockhart (2nd time)(acting)
14 Nov 1839 -  3 Apr 1840  Archibald Douglas (2nd time)
 4 Apr 1840 -  6 Jul 1840  Halpin
 7 Jul 1840 - 20 Mar 1841  Archibald Douglas (3rd time)
21 Mar 1841 - 14 Apr 1841  Selby
15 Apr 1841 - Dec 1841     W.H. Bayley



Maihar

Capital: Maihar Population: 79,558 (1941)
State Troops: 10 (1939)
Salute: 9 guns

1778                       Maihar state founded.
1788 - 1790                Occupied by Banda.
1806                       British protectorate.
15 Aug 1947                Accedes to India.
 4 Apr 1948                Merged into Vindhya Pradesh (from 1 Nov 1956, Madhya Pradesh).

Rulers (title Thakur)
1778 - 1788                Beni Singh                         (b. 1719 - d. 1788)
1788 - 1790                Rajdhar Singh                      (b. c.1765 - d. 1790)
1790 - 1825                Durjan Singh                       (b. 1766 - d. 1825)
1826 - 1850                Bishan Singh                       (b. 1797 - d. 1850)
1850 - 1852                Mohan Prasad                       (b. 1816 - d. 1852)
1852 - 1869                Raghubir Singh                     (b. 1843 - d. 1908)
1852 - 1865                .... -Regent
Rajas

1869 - 1908                Raghubir Singh                     (s.a.)
Mar 1908 -  7 Jan 1910     Jagubir Singh                      (b. 1864 - d. 1910)
 7 Jan 1910 - 15 Dec 1911  Randhir Singh                      (b. 1865 - d. 1911)
16 Dec 1911 -  4 Apr 1948 
Brijnath Singh                     (b. 1896 - d. 1968)
                             (from 3 Jun 1935, Sir
Brijnath Singh)
16 Dec 1911 - 1917         .... -Regent

Dewan (chief minister)
c.1939                     Nagendra N. Majumdar



Makrai

[Makrai (India)]

Capital: Makrai Population: 14,357 (1941)
State Troops: None (1939)
Salute: None

1663                       Makrai state founded
1844                       British protectorate.
1853                       Annexed to British India as part of Nagpur as an estate.
 
7 Jun 1866                Status of state conferred by British authorities.
Dec 1890 - 1893            British administration.
15 Aug 1947                Accedes to India.
 1 Feb 1948                Merged into Central Provinces (from 26 Jan 1950, Madhya Pradesh).

Rajas (title from 1899, Raja Hathiya Rai)
1663 - ....                Makrand Shah
.... - ....                ....
.... - 1749                Fateh Shah
1749 - 17..                Birj Kune (f) -Rani
17.. - 1765                Dhar Shah
1765 - 17..                Bharat Shah
.... - ....                Udai Shah
.... - ....                ....
.... - 1832                ....
1832 -  5 Dec 1866         Devi Shah  
 5 Dec 1866 - Dec 1890     Lachhu Shah (1st time)             (b. 1846 - d. 1920)
Dec 1890 - 1893            British administration
1893 - 1911                Lachhu Shah (2nd time)             (s.a.)
1911 - 30 Oct 1918         Chhatrasal Shah                    (b. 1876 - d. 1918)
30 Oct 1918 - 17 Apr 1929  Drigpal Shah                       (b. 1904 - d. 1929)
30 Oct 1918 - 1925         Rani Bhup Kunwar (f) -Regent
17 Apr 1929 -  1 Feb 1948  Todar Shah                         (b. 1908 - d. 1987)


Makran: see Pakistani Princely States


Maler Kotla (Malerkotla)

Capital: Maler Kotla
(Malerkotla)
Population: 88,109 (1941)
State Forces/Troops:
230 (1939)

Salute: 11 guns

1468                       Predecessor state founded as an estate (jagir).
1657                       Maler Kotla state founded.
 3 May 1809                British protectorate.
17 Apr 1885 - 23 Aug 1908  Under British India administration.
15 Aug 1947                Accedes to India.

15 Jul 1948                Merged into Patiala and Eastern Punjab States Union
                             (from 1 Nov 1956, Punjab state).

Rulers (title Nawab)
1672 - 1712                Sher Muhammad Khan Bahadur         (b. 1640 - d. 1712)
1712 - 1717                Ghulam Husain Khan                 (d. 1734)
1717 - 1762                Jamal Khan                         (d. 1762)
1762 - 1763/64             Bhikan Khan                        (d. 1763/64)
1764 - 1766                Khan Sahib Khan Bahadur Khan       (d. 1766)
                             (regent 1762-1764)
1766 -  1 Nov 1780         Khan Sahib Umar Khan               (d. 1780)
 1 Nov 1780 - Apr 1784     Khan Sahib Asadullah Khan          (d. 1784)
Apr 1784 - 14 Aug 1809     Khan Ataullah Khan                 (d. 1809)
14 Aug 1809 -  4 Sep 1821  Muhammad Wazir `Ali Khan           (b. 1757 - d. 1821)
 4 Sep 1821 -  8 Apr 1846  Amir `Ali Khan Bahadur             (d. 1846)
 8 Apr 1846 - 25 Nov 1857  Mahbub `Ali Khan Bahadur           (d. 1857)
                             "Sube Khan" 
25 Nov 1857 - 16 Jul 1871  Eskandar `Ali Khan Bahadur         (d. 1871)
16 Jul 1871 - 23 Aug 1908  Mohammad Ebrahim `Ali Khan         (b. 1857 - d. 1908)
16 Jul 1871 - 1875         .... -Regent (superintendent)
17 Apr 1885 - 13 Sep 1886  Kazi Ahmad Shah (superintendent)
19 Feb 1887 - 17 Aug 1889  G.E. Wakefield
                             (superintendent)
18 Aug 1889 -  1 Jan 1893 
Mirza Agha Muhammad Khan           (d. 1893)
                             (superintendent)
 
1 May 1893
- Jan 1905     Sir Amiruddin Ahmad Khan, Nawab    (b. 1860 - d. 1937)
                             of Loharu (superintendent)
23 Aug 1908 - 16 Oct 1947  Ahmad `Ali Khan Shirwani           (b. 1881 - d. 1947)

                             (from 3 Jun 1915, Sir Ahmad `Ali Khan Shirwani)
                             (Regent 1 Feb 1905 - 23 Aug 1908)
16 Oct 1947 - 15 Jul 1948  Mohammad Iftikhar `Ali Khan        (b. 1904 - d. 1982)

Chief ministers
bf.1939 - af.1941          Mir Jamil Ahmad
1946 - 1947                Mohammad Iftikhar
`Ali Khan        (s.a.)



Malia (Maliya)

[Malia (Maliya) princely
                  state (India)]

Capital: Malia (Maliya) Population: 10,788 (1941)
State Troops:
None (1939)

Salute: None

1697                       Malia (Maliya) state formed.
1807/08 - 1948             Part of the Western Kathiawar semi-jurisdictional states
                             (see under Jasdan).
 7 Dec 1943 - 15 Aug 1947  Attached (the British jurisdictional authority granted) to    
                             Morvi.
15 Aug 1947                Accedes to India.
15 Feb 1948                Merged into Saurashtra.
 1 Nov 1956                Part of Bombay (from 1 May 1960, Gujarat).

Rulers (title Thakore Saheb)
.... - 1802                Vibhaji Nathaji
1802 - 1810                Dosaji Vibhaji
1810 - 18..                Sataji Dosaji
18.. - 1875                Mulvaji Sataji
23 Jun 1875 - 19 Oct 1907  Modji Mulvaji                       (b. 1846 - d. 1907)
20 Oct 1907 - 1930         Raisinhji Modji                     (b. 1868 - d. 19..)
1930 - 1939                Harishchandrasinhji Gumansinhji
1939 - 15 Feb 1948         Bhupendrasinhji Harishchandrasinhji (b. 1929 - d. af.1970)



Malpur

[Malpur (India)]

Capital: Malpur Population: 16,568 (1941)
State Troops:
None (1939)

Salute: None

1466                       Malpur state founded.
1811/12 - 1948             Part of the Sabar Kantha (to 1933, Mahi Kantha) semi-
                             jurisdictional states (see complete list of states and additional
                             information here; most of the states became the British
                             protectorates by the Mahi Kantha settlement of 1811/12), as of
                             1947 the precedence among the Mahi Kantha states was held by
                             Malpur.
 7 Dec 1943 - 15 Aug 1947  Attached (British jurisdictional authority granted)
                             to Baroda.
15 Aug 1947                Accedes to India.
10 Jun 1948                Merged into Bombay (from 1 May 1960, state of Gujarat).

Rulers (title Raol)
.... - ....                Anopsinhji Jetsinhji
.... - ....                Bhimsinhji Anopsinhji 
1780 - 1796                Indrasinhji
1796                       Jamalsinhji                        (d. 1796)
1796 - 1816                Takhtsinhji Jamalsinhji
1816 - 1822                Shivsinhji I
1822 - 1843                .... -Manager
1843 - 18..                Dipsinhji I                        (b. 1822 - d. 18..)
1875 - 1882                Shivsinhji II Khumansinhji         (b. 1841 - d. 1882)
24 Apr 1882 - 25 Feb 1914  Dipsinhji II Shivsinhji            (b. 1862 - d. 1914)
1914 - 1923                Jaswatsinhji Dipsinhji             (b. 1886 - d. 1923)
23 Jun 1923 - 10 Jun 1948  Gambhirsinhji Himmatsinhji         (b. 1914 - d. 1969)
23 Jun 1923 - 1935         .... -Manager

Dewan (Chief minister)
c.1939                     Keshavlal O. Joshi

British Political Agents for Sabar Kantha (in Sadra, Vasna state; as of 1943, in charge
of the Sabar Kantha semi-jurisdictional and non-jurisdictional states; under the
Resident for Western India States)
Apr 1933 – May 1933        George Patterson Murphy            (b. 1883 - d. 1938)
May 1933 – Dec 1933        Herbert Milner Wightwick           (b. 1885 - d. 1942)
Dec 1933 – Mar 1935        Geoffrey Baynton Williams          (b. 1896 - d. 1981)
                             (1st time)
Mar 1935 – Apr 1936        Edward Walter Fletcher             (b. 1899 – d. 19..)
Apr 1936 – Aug 1936        Claude Edward Bremner (1st time)   (b. 1891 - d. 1965)
Aug 1936 – Dec 1936        Sunderlal N. Desai (acting)
Dec 1936 – Jan 1937        Claude Edward Bremner (2nd time)   (s.a.)
Feb 1937 – Sep 1937        Edward Birkbeck Wakefield (acting) (b. 1903 - d. 1969)
Sep 1937 – Oct 1937        Oliver Charles Beauchamp St. John  (b. 1907 – d. 1976)
Oct 1937 – Oct 1938        Daniel Richard Smith               (b. 1897 – d. 19..)
Oct 1938 – Nov 1941        Lovell William Wooldridge          (b. 1901 - d. 1983)
Nov 1941 – Jan 1942        Geoffrey Baynton Williams          (s.a.)
                             (2nd time) (acting)
Jan 1942 - Mar 1942        Alfred Norval Mitchell             (b. 1906 - d. 1988)
Mar 1942 - Jul 1943        Vere William Digby Willoughby      (b. 1901 - d. 19..)



Manavadar (Bantva-Manavadar)

[Manavadar
                (Bantva-Manavadar) (India)]

Capital: Manavadar Population: 26,209 (1941)
State Troops:
None (1939)

Salute: None

1733                       Bantva-Manavadar estate (jagir) created.
bf.1800                    Manavadar state founded.
1807/08 - 1948             Part of the Western Kathiawar semi-jurisdictional states
                             (see under Jasdan).
1935                       Almost full jurisdictional authority granted by the British.
 7 Dec 1943 - 15 Aug 1947  Attached (British jurisdictional authority granted) to Junagadh.
14 Sep 1947                Accedes to Pakistan.
22 Oct 1947                India takes over administration.
24 Feb 1948                Referendum approves accession to India.
25 Feb 1948                Accession to India in effect.
20 Feb 1949                Annexed by India to Saurashtra.
 1 Nov 1956                Part of Bombay (from 1 May 1960, Gujarat).

Khans
1733 - c.1760              Diler Khan Salabat Khan            (d. c.1760)
c.1760 - ....              Sadar Nathu Khan Diler Khan 
17.. - 18..                Ghazafar Khan Nathu Khan
18.. - 18..                Kamal ad-Din Khan Ghazafar Khan
18.. - 12 Jun 1882         Zorawar Khan Kamal ad-Din Khan     (d. 1882)
12 Jun 1882 - 28 Mar 1888  Ghazafar Khan Zorawar Khan         (b. 1862 - d. 1888)
12 Jun 1882 - 21 Jun 1883  .... -Regent
28 Mar 1888 - 19 Oct 1918  Fath ad-Din Khan Ghazafar Khan     (b. 1885 - d. 1918)
28 Mar 1888 - c.1904       .... -Regent
c.1904 - 25 Nov 1907       Maneklal Gokuldas -
Regent
19 Oct 1918 - 14 Nov 1947  Mo`in ad-Din Gholam Khan           (b. 1911 - d. 2003)
                             (Indian prisoner from 22 Oct 1947)
19 Oct 1918 - 21 Nov 1931  Fatima Siddiqa Begum (f) -Regent   (b. 1891 - d. 1943)
Indian Administrator
14 Nov 1947 - 20 Feb 1949  the Administrator of Junagadh

Manager
c.1904 - 25 Nov 1907       Maneklal Gokuldas
Dewan
(chief minister)
bf.1944 - af.1946          Narendrarai D. Buch



Mandi

[Mandi State flag (India)]

Capital: Mandi Population: 232,593 (1941)
State Forces/Troops:
 190 (1939)

Salute: 11 guns

c.1290                     Rana of Banglaor succeeds to Siokot state.
1527                       New capital Mandi founded; state takes name from capital.
1809 - 1846                Tributary to Punjab.
1846                       British protectorate.
15 Aug 1947                Accedes to India.
 1 May 1948                Merged into Himachal Pradesh (after founding of the province).

Rajas
1684 - 1727                Sidhi Sen                          (b. c.1627 - d. 1727)
1719? - 1722               Shiv Jawala Sen -co-ruler          (d. 1722)
1727 - 1781                Shamsher Sen                       (b. 1722 - d. 1781)

1727 - c.1740              Mian Jappu Singh -Regent           (d. c.1740)
1781 - 1788                Surma Sen                          (d. 1788)

1788 - 1826                Ishwari Sen                        (b. 1776 - d. 1826)
                            
(captive at Kangra 1792-1804)
1788 - 1792                Bairagi Ram -Regent
1826 - Jun 1839            Zalim Sen                          (d. 1839)

1839 - 26 Jan 1851         Balbir Sen                         (b. c.1817 - d. 1851)
26 Jan 1851 - 10 Dec 1902  Bijai Sen                          (b. 1846 - d. 1902)
                            
(from 1884, Sir Bijai Sen)
26 Jan 1851 - 12 Oct 1866  Wazir Gosáon -Regent               (d. 1870)
1866 - Jun 1870            Clark -Councillor 
1870 - 1872                E. Harrison -Councillor 
1889 - Mar 1890            Herbert John Maynard -Councillor
10 Dec 1902
-  9 Feb 1912  Bhawani Sen                        (b. 1883 - d. 1912)
10 Dec 1902 - Oct 1905     Thomas Millar -Superintendent
 
9 Feb 1912 - 28 Apr 1913  Vacant
 9 Feb 1912 - 28 Apr 1913  Alan Lachlan Gordon Walker (acting)(b. 1883 - d. 1934)
                             (ad-interim)
28 Apr 1913
-  1 May 1948  Jogindar Sen                       (b. 1904 - d. 1986)
                            
(from 1 Jan 1931, Sir Jogindar Sen)

Superintendents
(regents)
29 Apr 1913 - 11 Feb 1915  Alan Lachlan Gordon Walker         (s.a.)
Dec 1913 – Feb 1914        Claude Francis Strickland          (b. 1881 - d. 1962)
                             (acting for Walker)

Feb 1915 - Sep? 1915       Herbert William Emerson
Sep 1915 - Apr 1917        Hugh Fyson

Jun 1917 - 25 May 1920     J.R.S. Parsons
26 May 1920 - 1924         Pandit Maharaj Kishan
 9 Jul 1924 - 1925         Sardar Dina Nath
                             (then chief secretary to c.1927)

Wazirs
1851? - Feb 1870           Gosáon                             (s.a.)
1872 - 1875                Mian Pardhan Singh                 (d. 1875)
1875 - 1878                Mian Uttam Singh (1st time)        (d. 1889)
1878 - 1880                Mian Man Singh
                             (from 1879, chair state council)
1880 - Oct 1888            Mian Uttam Singh (2nd time)        (s.a.)
Oct 1888 - 1889            Jawahir Lal
1889 - 1893                Sardar Jawala (or Joalla) Singh
1893 - 1901                Udham Singh
1907 - 1909                Padha Jiwa
1909 - 1913                Amar Singh (acting to 1912)
Chief ministers

1933 - 1939                Sardar D.K. Sen                    (b. 1897 - d. 19..)
1939 - af.1946             Kanwar Shiv Pal                    (b. 1901 - d. 19..)
c.1947                     Yashodar Singh                     (b. 1923 - d. 1980)



Mangal

Capital: Mangal Population: 1,325 (1941)
State Troops: None (1939)
Salute: None

13..                       Mangal state founded.
1803 - 1815                Occupied by Nepal.
20 Dec 1815                British protectorate.
15 Aug 1947                Accedes to India.
15 Apr 1948                Merged into Himachal Pradesh.

Rulers (title Rana)
.... - ....                Amar Singh
.... - ....                Karam Singh
.... - ....                Bahadur Singh

1803 - 1815                occupied by Nepal
1815 - 1844                Prithvi Singh                      (d. 1844)
1844                       Jodha Singh                        (d. 1844)
 9 Nov 1844 - 1892         Jit Singh                          (b. 1830 - d. 1892)
1892 - 1920                Tilak Singh                        (b. 1859 - d. 1920)
1920 - 15 Apr 1948         Sheo Singh                         (b. 1888 - d. 1953)



Manipur
 
[Manipur State
                          flag to 1907 (India)]
bf.1891 (claimed 35 AD) - 1907
[Manipur State
                          flag 1907-1949 (India)]
1907 - 15 Oct 1949
Map of Manipur Capital: Imphal
 (Bishenpur 1775-1796)
)
Population: 512,100 (1941) State Troops:
230 (1939,
paramilitary)(State
 Military Police)
Constitution Act
Adopted 1 Jul 1947
Salute: 11 guns

35 AD                      Manipur state founded according to tradition.
1819 - 12 Jun 1825         Occupied by Burma.
1835                       British residency established.
1851                       Manipur declared a British protected state.
27 Apr 1891                British capture Kangla palace.
15 May 1907                Manipuri language announced as official language of Manipur.
Mar 1944 - Jul 1944        Part of eastern Manipur and the Naga Hills district
occupied by
                             Japan and Free India forces
(Ukhrul occupied 19 Mar - 4 Jul 1944
                             and Moirang 14 Apr - 18 Jul 1944)
(see Assam under British India
                             provinces)
.

15 Aug 1947                End of British paramountcy, India becomes independent. Manipur
                             accedes to India.
15 Oct 1949                Merged into India (signed 21 Sep 1949), as Manipur province.

Rajas
1697 - 1709                Pitambar Charairongha              (b. 1673 - d. 1709)
28 Aug 1709 - 1747         Gharib Nawaz (= Pamheiba)          (b. 1690 - d. 1747) 
1747 - 1751                Chitsai (Ugat Shah)(usurper)
1751 - 1752                Bharat Shah (= Bhorotsai)          (d. 1752)
1752 - 1758               
Gauri Sham (= Maramba) (1st time)  (d. 1763)
1758 - 1761                Jai Singh (1st time)               (b. 1748 - d. 1798)
                            
(= Bhagy Chandra)(co-ruler 1752-1758)
1761 - 1763                Gauri Sham (= Maramba) (2nd time)  (s.a.)
1763 -  5 Feb 1798         Jai Singh (2nd time)               (s.a.)
 5 Feb 1798 - 1801         Harshachandra Singh                (d. 1801)
                             (= Rohinchandra) 
1801 - 1806                Maduchandra
Singh                  (d. 1806)
1806 - 1812                Chaurajit Singh (= Chourjit Singh) (d. 1812)
1812 - 1819                Marjit Singh                       (d. 1824)
1819 - 1823                Shubol (under Burma)
1823 - 1825                Pitambara Singh (under Burma)
12 Jun 1825 -  9 Jan 1834  Gambhir (Ganavira) Singh           (b. 1788 - d. 1834)
                            
(= Chinglen Nongdrenkhomba)
1834 - 1844                Chandrakirti Singh (1st time)      (b. 1832 - d. 1886)
1834 -  8 Feb 1844        
Nara Singh -Regent                 (b. 1792 - d. 1850) 
1844                       Nobin (pretender)
 8 Feb 1844 - 11 Apr 1850  Nara Singh                         (s.a.) 
1850  (3 months)           Devendra Singh (= Debindro Singh)  (d. 1871)
1850 - May 1886            Chandrakirti Singh (2nd time)      (s.a.)
                            
(from 18 Feb 1880, Sir Chandrakirti Singh)
May 1886 - 23 Sep 1890     Surachandra Singh                  (d. 1891)
23 Sep 1890 - 29 Apr 1891  Kulachandra Singh                  (b. c.1853 - d. 1934)
29 Apr 1891 - 18 Sep 1891  Interregnum

18 Sep 1891
 -  1 Jan 1918  Churachandra Singh                 (b. 1885 - d. 1941)
18 Sep 1891 -
15 May 1907  the British Political Agents -Regent
Maharajas

 
1 Jan 1918 - Sep 1941     Churachandra Singh                 (s.a.)
                             (from 1 Jan 1934, Sir Churachandra Singh)
Sep 1941 - 15 Oct 1949     Bodhachandra Singh                 (b. 1909 - d. 1955)


Military and Political power exercised by the general commanding British forces in Manipur
29 Apr 1891 - 18 Sep 1891  Henry Collett                      (b. 1836 - d. 1901)
Presidents of the Manipur State Durbar
(chief ministers)
15 May 1907 - 1916         the Raja
15 May 1907 - 1910         William Alexander Cosgrave         (b. 1879 - d. 1952)
                             (vice
president)
bf.1 Apr 1910-15 Jun 1910  C.H. Bell (vice president)
16 Jun 1910 - 1917         John Comyn Higgins                 (b. 1882 - d. 1959)
                             (vice president to 1916)
1917 - 1918                Robert Herriot Henderson (1st time)(b. 1853 - d. 1932)
1918 - Jul 1918            V. Woods
1918 - 1919                Sir Robert Herriot Henderson       (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)

 
3 Feb 1919 - Nov 1921     Christopher Gimson                 (b. 1886 - d. 1975)
1921 - Jun 1921            William Shaw
Jun 1921 -  6 Sep 1922     Charles Seymour Mullan             (b. 1893 - d. 1969)
 7 Sep 1922 -  2 Jun 1927  Colin Grant Crawford               (b. 1890 - d. 1959)
15 Jun 1925 - 17 Feb 1926  Hugh Weightman (acting)            (b. 1898 - d. 1949)
 2 Jun 1927 - 1930         Anthony Gilchrist McCall           (b. 1895 - d. 1978)
1930 - Feb 1933            Cecil Walter Lewery Harvey         (b. 1897 - d. 1958)
Feb 1933 - 29 Feb 1936     Gerald Pakenham Stewart            (b. 1906 - d. 1998)
 1 Mar 1936 -  8 Feb 1937  Crispin Bernard Chitty Paine       (b. 1906 - d. ....)
 9 Feb 1937 - 1939         Alexander Ranald Hume MacDonald    (b. 1909 - d. ....)
31 Jul 1939 - 1943         Thomas Arthur Sharpe               (d. 194.)
23 May 1943 -  5 Nov 1945  Edward Francis Lydall              (b. 1907 - d. 1998)
Nov 1945 - 1947            Francis Fenwick Pearson            (b. 1911 - d. 1991)
Chief ministers

15 Jul 1947 - 14 Aug 1947  Francis Fenwick Pearson (interim)  (s.a.)               Non-party
14 Aug 1947 - 15 Oct 1949  Maharaj Kumar Priyobrata Singh     (b. 1911 - d. 2005)  Non-party
                             (interim to 7 Oct 1948)

British Political Agents in Manipur
(as of 1947, in charge of Manipur state; under the Governor of Assam)
1836 - 1844                George Gordon                      (d. 1844)
1844 - 1862                William McCulloch (1st time)       (b. 1816 - d. 1885)
1862 - Nov 1863            Thomas Dillon
Nov 1863 - Nov 1864        Henry Beveridge (acting)           (b. 1837 - d. 1929)
Nov 1864 - 13 Jan 1868     William McCulloch (2nd time)       (s.a.)
13 Jan 1868 - 1872         Robert Brown (1st time)            (b. 1833 - d. 1876)
1872                       Mowbray Thomson (acting)           (b. 1832 - d. 1917)
1872 - 1875                Robert Brown (2nd time)            (s.a.)
1875 - 1876                Edward Law Durand (1st time)       (b. 1845 - d. 1920)
                             (acting)
1875 - 1877                Guybon Henry
Damant (acting)       (b. 1846 - d. 1879)
Feb 1877 - Oct 1877        Edward Law Durand (2nd time)       (s.a.)
                             (acting)
1877 - Mar 1886            Sir James Johnstone                (b. 1841 - d. 1895)
 
1 Apr 1886 - 31 Jul 1886  William Francis Trotter            (b. 1843? - d. 1886)
1887 - 1889                Frank St. Clair Grimwood (1st time)(b. 1850 - d. 1891)
Feb 1889 - Apr 1889        Albert Edward Heath (acting)       (b. 1848 - d. 1889)
Oct 1889 - 24 Mar 1891     Frank St. Clair Grimwood (2nd time)(s.a.)
24 Apr 1891 - 30 Nov 1892  Henry St. Patrick Maxwell          (b. 1850 - d. 1928)
                             (1st time) 
Dec 1892 - 1895            Alexander Porteous (1st time)      (b. 1855 - d. 1932)
1895 - 1896                Henry St. Patrick Maxwell          (s.a.)
                             (2nd time) 
1896 - 1897                Henry Walter George Cole (1st time)(b. 1866 - d. 1932)
                             (acting) 
Jul 1897 - 1899            Alexander Porteous (2nd time)      (s.a.)
                             (acting)
1899 - 1902                Henry St. Patrick Maxwell          (s.a.)
                             (3rd time)
1902 - Jan 1904            Albert Edward Woods                (b. 1862 - d. 1938)
 
6 Dec 1902 – 29 Jan 1903  Henry Archibald Colebrooke         (b. 1873 - d. 1942)
                             Colquhoun (acting for Woods)
Jan 1904 - 16 Mar 1905     Henry St. Patrick Maxwell          (s.a.)
                             (4th time)
16 Mar 1905
- 23 Feb 1908  John Shakespeare (1st time)        (b. 1861 - d. 1942)
24 Feb 1908 - 16 Feb 1909  Arthur William Davis (acting)      (b. 1861 - d. 1913)
17 Feb 1909 - 19 Mar 1914  John Shakespeare (2nd time)        (s.a.)
20 Mar 1914 - 27 May 1917  Henry Wlater George Cole (2nd time)(s.a.)
28 May 1917 - 26 Dec 1917  John Comyn Higgins (1st time)      (b. 1882 - d. 1952)
27 Dec 1917 - 12 Mar 1920  William Alexander Cosgrave         (s.a.)
13 Mar 1920 - 31 Mar 1922  Loftus Otway Clarke (1st time)     (b. 1871 - d. 1954)
 
1 Apr 1922 - 23 Nov 1922  Christopher Gimson (1st time)      (b. 1886 - d. 1975)
                             (acting)
24 Nov 1922 -  5 Apr 1924  Loftus Otway Clarke (2nd time)     (s.a.)
 6 Apr 1924 -  5 Mar 1928  John Comyn Higgins (2nd time)      (s.a.)
 
5 Mar 1928 - 23 Nov 1928  C.G. Crawford
 
1 Apr 1929 - 1933         John Comyn Higgins (3rd time)      (s.a.)
 
5 Mar 1933 - 1938         Christopher Gimson (2nd time)      (s.a.)
22 Mar 1938 - Nov 1938     Gerald Pakenham Stewart (1st time) (b. 1906 - d. 1998)
                             (Japanese prisoner Sep 1941-45)
Dec 1938 - Dec 1946        Christopher Gimson (3rd time)      (s.a.)
Dec 1946 - 14 Aug 1947     Gerald Pakenham Stewart (2nd time) (s.a.)
Indian Dominion Agents (subordinated to the governor of 
Assam)
15 Aug 1947 - Sep 1947     Gerald Pakenham Stewart            (s.a.)
1947 - 1948                Shri Debeswar Sarmah               (b. 1896 - d. 1993)
Indian Dewans
(representing the governor of Assam)
29 Nov 1948 - 18 Apr 1949 
Maharaj Kumar Priyobrata Singh     (s.a.)           
18 Apr 1949 - 15 Oct 1949  Rawal Amar Singh



Mansa

[Mansa Princely State (India)]

Capital: Mansa Population: 18,861 (1941)
State Troops: None (1939)
Salute: None

1811/12 - 1948             Part of the Sabar Kantha (to 1933, Mahi Kantha) semi-jurisdictional
                             states (see under Malpur)
.
 7 Dec 1943 - 15 Aug 1947  Attached (the British jurisdictional authority granted) to Baroda.
15 Aug 1947                Accedes to India.
10 Jun 1948                Merged into Bombay (from 1 May 1960, Gujarat).

Rulers (title Raol)
            
.... - ....                Jorajji
.... - ....                Bhimsinhji
.... - 1886                Rajsinhji Bhimsinhji               (b. 1850 - d. 18..)  
1886 - 1889                Kesrisinhji Bhimsinhji             (d. 1889)
18 May 1889 - 1934         Takhatsinhji Kesrisinhji           (b. 1877 - d. 1934)  
17 Aug 1889 - Nov 1897     .... -Regent
 4 Jan 1934 - 10 Jun 1948  Sajjansinhji Takhatsinhji          (b. 1908 - d. 1959)

Dewan (chief minister)
c.1944                     Mahaprasad U. Arwind


Mathwar

Capital: Mathwar Population: 3,889 (1941)
State Troops: None (1939)
Salute: None

c.1818                     British protectorate.
15 Aug 1947                Accedes to India.
28 May 1948                Merged into Madhya Bharat (from 1 Nov 1956, Madhya Pradesh).

Rulers (title Rana)
18.. - 1859                Ram Singh  
1859 - 1865                Onkar Singh                        (d. 1865)
1865 - 1901                Ranjit Singh                       (d. 1901)
1901 - 1934                Bakht Singh                        (b. 1871 - d. 1934)
1934 - 28 May 1948         Laxman Singh                       (b. 1921 - d. 19..)



Mayurbhanj

[Mayurbhanj state
                (Royal flag)(India)]

Capital: Baripada Population: 990,977 (1941)
State Troops:
100 (1939,
paramilitary)
 (State Police Force)

Interim
Constitution
(11 Dec 1947)
Salute: 9 guns

bf.1660                    Mayurbhanj state founded.
1803                       British protectorate (officially from 1812).
15 Aug 1947                Accedes to India.
 
9 Nov 1948 -  1 Jan 1949  Administered by India.
 1 Jan 1949                Merged into Orissa.

Rajas
1688 - 1711                Savesvara Bhanj Deo
1711 - 1728                Viravikramaditya Bhanj Deo
1728 - 1750                Raghunath Bhanj Deo
1750 - 1761                Chakradhar Bhanj Dep
1761 - 1796                Damodar Bhanj Deo                  (d. 1796)
1796 - 1810                Rani Sumitra Devi (f) -Regent      (d. 1810)
1810 - 1813                Rani Jamuna Devi (f) -Regent
1813 - 1822                Tribikram Bhanj Deo                (d. 1822)
1822 - 1863
               Jadunath Bhanj Deo                 (d. 1863)
                             (from 1860, personal style of Maharaja)
1863 - 1868                Shrinath Bhanj Deo                 (d. 1868)
1868 - 29 May 1882         Krishnachandra Bhanj Deo           (b. 1848 - d. 1882)
                             (from 1877, personal style of Maharaja)
29 May 1882 - 1910         Ramchandra Bhanj Deo               (b. 1871 - d. 1912)
29 May 1882 - Sep 1890     Regency council       
                           - Rajmata Rama Devi (f)
                           - Brindaban Chandra Bhanj Deo
                           - Gokul Chandra Bhanj Deo
29 May 1882 - Dec 1882     Bedon -Manager
Dec 1882 - Sep 1890        H.P. Wylly
-Manager
Maharajas
1910 - 22 Feb 1912         Ramchandra Bhanj Deo               (s.a.)

22 Feb 1912 - 21 Apr 1928  Purnachandra Bhanj Deo             (b. 1899 - d. 1928)
Superintendents (regents)
13 May 1912 - 30 Jun 1912  C.L. Phillip (1st time)
 1 Jul 1912 -  3 Nov 1912  E. McLeod Smith
 4 Nov 1912 -  9 Feb 1916  C.L. Phillip (2nd time)
10 Feb 1916 – 22 Apr 1917  James Edward Scott
                             (acting)
Apr 1917 – 12 Oct 1919     Norman Frederick Peck
Maharaja
21 Apr 1928 -  9 Nov 1948  Pratapchandra Bhanj Deo            (b. 1901 - d. 1968)

                             (from 1 Jan 1935, Sir Pratapchandra Bhanj Deo)
Indian administrator
 9 Nov 1948 -  1 Jan 1949  Dattatraya Vaman Rege              (b. 1897 - d. 19..)

Dewans (chief ministers)
 7 Jan 1922 - 28 Nov 1929  B. McLeod Smith
19 Jun 1930 - 17 Jun 1935  P.K. Sen
 6 Jul 1935 -  5 Jul 1940  Kshitish C. Neogy                  (b. 1888 – d. 19..)
16 Aug 1940 - 1947         Bindeswari P. Pande                (b. 1896 – d. 19..)
Prime minister
15 Dec 1947 - Oct 1948     Sarat Chandra Das                  (b. 1891 – d. 19..) AISPC

Agents to the Governor-general (from 1 Apr 1937, Residents) for the Eastern States
(in Ranchi, from 1937 Calcutta; as of 1947, in charge of Cooch Behar, Mayurbhanj
and Tripura states, and the Chhattisgarh and Orissa States Agencies)
 1 Apr 1933 - 1934         Edmund Currey Gibson               (b. 1886 - d. 1974)
Apr 1934 -  9 Mar 1937     Arthur Stanley Meek                (b. 1883 - d. 1955)
 9 Mar 1937 - 29 Mar 1937  Gerald Patrick Murphy (acting)     (b. 1888 - d. 1978)
29 Mar 1937 - 11 Apr 1939  Henry William Cumine Robson        (b. 1886 - d. 1942)
11 Apr 1939 - 25 Oct 1941  L
eslie Eric Barton                 (b. 1889 - d. 1952)
25 Oct 1941 - 1943         Cyril Percy Hancock                (b. 1896 - d. 1990)
1943 - 1944?               Sir Walter Fendall Campbell        (b. 1894 - d. 1973)
Feb 1944 - 1944            Leonard George Coke-Wallis         (b. 1900 - d. 1974)
                            
(acting Jun 1943 and Feb 1944 - 1944)
Dec 1944 - 1947            Herbert John Todd                  (b. 1893 - d. 1985)

1947                       Cecil Walter Lewery Harvey         (b. 1897 - d. 1958)
Indian Regional Commissioner for the Eastern States (in Calcutta)
c.1948                     Nagendra Singh                     (b. 1914 - d. 1988)


Mewar: see Udaipur


Miraj (Miraj Senior Branch)

[Miraj (Miraj Senior
                Branch)(India)]

Capital: Miraj Population: 108,547 (1941)
State Troops: None (1939)
Salute: None

bf.1750                    Miraj state founded.
1817                       British protectorate (by treaty).
1820                       Miraj state split between Senior Branch and Junior Branch.
15 Aug 1947                Accedes to India.
 8 Mar 1948                Merged into Bombay (from 1 May 1960, Maharashtra).

Rulers (title Rao)
17.. - 1771                Govind Rao                         (d. 1771)
1771 - 1775                Vaman Rao                          (d. 1775)
1777 - 1782                Harihar Rao                        (b. c.1765 - d. 1782)
1782 - 1801                Chintaman Rao                      (b. 1775 - d. 1801)
1801 - 1820                Gangadhar Rao
1820 - 1833                Ganpatrao I
1833 - 1875                Ganpatrao II "Tatya Sahib
                             Patwardhan"
 6 Jun 1875 - 23 Jun 1936  Gangadhar Rao II "Bala Sahib       (b. 1866 - d. 1939)
                             Patwardhan"
                             (from 1 Jan 1903, Sir Gangadhar Rao II)
Rajas
23 Jun 1936 - 1939         Sir Gangadhar Rao II "Bala Sahib   (s.a.)
                             Patwardhan"
11 Dec 1939 -  8 Mar 1948  Narayan Rao "Jatya Sahib           (b. 1898 - d. 1984)
                             Patwardhan" 

Dewans (chief ministers)
1943 - 1946                Dattatraya S. Gokhale              (b. 1890 - d. 19..)
1946 - 194.                G.V. Vaidya



Miraj Junior Branch

[Miraj (Miraj Junior
                Branch)(India)]

Capital: Budhgaon Population: 46,295 (1941)
State Troops: None (1939)
Salute: None

1820                       Miraj state split between Senior Branch and Junior Branch.
15 Aug 1947                Accedes to India.
 8 Mar 1948                Merged into Bombay
(from 1 May 1960, Maharashtra).

Rulers (title Rao)
1820 - 1845                Madhav Rao I
1845 - 1876                Lakshman Rao I                     (b. 1807 - d. 1876)
1876 - 1877                Harihar Rao                        (d. 1877)
1877 -  7 Feb 1899         Lakshman Rao II "Abna Sahib        (d. 1899)
                             Patwardhan"  
19 Dec 1899 -  8 Mar 1948  Madhav Rao II Harihar Rao          (b. 1889 - d. 1950)
                            "Baba Sahib Patwardhan"
                             (from 9 Jun 1936, style Raja)

                             (from 23 Jun 1936, Sir Madhav Rao II Harihar Rao)
19 Dec 1899 -  8 Feb 1902  Rani Parbati Bai Sahiba (f)-Regent (d. 1902)
 8 Feb 1902 - 17 Mar 1909  Dowlatriam Kashiram Pandit -Regent
                             (administrator)

Karbhari (state managers)
c.1890 -  3 Nov 1896       G.K. Sovani
 7 Nov 1896 - 1897         G.A. Potnis
1897 - 29 Mar 1897         S R. Paranjpe
29 Mar 1897 - 20 Jan 1902  S.B. Limaye
20 Jan 1902 - 17 Mar 1909  Dowlatriam Kashiram Pandit
                             (administrator)
Dewan
(chief minister)
1932 - af.1946             Venkatesh V. Yargop                (b. 1891 – d. 19..)



Mohanpur

[Mohanpur (India)]

Capital: Mohanpur Population: 15,727 (1941)
State Troops:
None (1939)

Salute: None

c.1227                     Mohanpur predecessor state founded.
1811/12 - 1948             Part of the Sabar Kantha (to 1933, Mahi Kantha) semi-jurisdictional
                             states
(see under Malpur).
1943                       Avoided the attachment to Baroda.
15 Aug 1947                Accedes to India.
10 Jun 1948                Merged into Bombay (from 1 May 1960, Gujarat).

Rulers (title Thakur)
1793 - 1795                Vacant
1795 - 1801                Hindusinhji Pratapsinhji
1801 - 18..                Salamsinhji
18.. - 1850                Raisinhji
1850 - 1875                Dolatsinhji
1875 - 1882                Umedsinhji                      (b. 1854 - d. 1882)
 6 Oct 1882 - 1916         Himmatsinhji                    (b. 1876 - d. 1916)
1882 - 1894                .... -Regent (state manager)
1916 - 1927                Thakhatsinhji                   (b. 1861 - d. 19..)
18 Nov 1927 - 1940         Sartansinhji                    (b. 1886 - d. 19..)
1940 - 10 Jun 1948         Vinaysinhji Sartansinhji        (b. 1908 - d. 1955)


Morasa: see Idar


Morvi
 
[Morvi 1947-1948
                          (India)]
1947 - 15 Feb 1948
[Morvi thakurs
                          ensign to 1948 (India)]
to 15 Feb 1948 Royal Flag
[Morvi Merchant
                          Flag 1921-1947 (India)]
2 Aug 1921 - 14 Aug 1947 Merchant Flag
Capital: Morvi
(Morbi)
Population: 141,761 (1941)
State Troops: None (1939)
Salute: 11 guns (1939)

1698                       Morvi (Morbi) state founded.
1807                       British protectorate.
15 Aug 1947                Accedes to India.
15 Feb 1948                Merged into Saurashtra.

 1 Nov 1956                Part of Bombay (from 1 May 1960, Gujarat).

Rulers (title Thakur Sahib)
1698 - 1733                Kanyojisinghji Rawaji              (d. 1733)
1733 - 1739                Aliyaji Kanyoji                    (d. 1739)
1739 - 1764                Rawaji Aliyaji I                   (d. 1764)
1764 - 1772                Pachanji Rawaji                    (d. 1772)
1772 - 1783                Waghji I Rawaji                    (d. 1783)
1783 - 1790                Hamirji Waghji                     (d. 1790)
1790 - 1828                Jyaji Waghji                       (d. 1828)
1828 - 1846                Prithirajji Jyaji                  (d. 1846)
1846 - 17 Feb 1870         Rawaji II Prithirajji              (b. 1828 - d. 1870)
17 Feb 1870 - 11 Jul 1922  Waghji II Rawaji                   (b. 1858 - d. 1922)
                             (personal style Maharaja from 16 Feb 1887)
                             (from 30 Jun 1887, Sir Waghji II Rawaji)
17 Feb 1870 -  1 Jan 1879  Regents (Council of administration)
                           - Shambhuprasad Laxmilal
                           - Jhunjhabai Sakhidas (to 187.)
11 Jul 1922 -  3 Jun 1926  Lakhdirji Waghji                   (b. 1876 - d. 1957)
Rulers (title Thakur Sahib Maharaja)
 
3 Jun 1926 - 21 Jan 1948  Lakhdirji Waghji                   (s.a.)
                             (from 1 Jan 1930, Sir Lakhdirji Waghji)
21 Jan 1948 - 15 Feb 1948  Mahendrasinghji Lakhdirji          (b. 1918 - d. 1957)

Dewans (chief ministers)
c.1939                     M.D. Solanki
                             (also president of State Council)
bf.1941 - af.1946          Mulvantrai P. Baxi



Mudhol

[Mudhol flag
                          c.1897 (India)]
Flag c.1897
[Mudhol last flag
                          to 1947 (India)]
to 1947

Capital: Mudhol Population: 72,447
(1941)

State Forces/Troops:
 130 (1939)

Salute: 9 guns (1939)

c.1400                     Mudhol jagir founded.
1670                       Mudhol estate becomes a state.
1819                       British protectorate (by treaty).
15 Aug 1947                Accedes to India.
 8 Mar 1948                Merged into Bombay.
 1 Nov 1956                Part of Mysore state (from 1 Nov 1973, Karnataka).

Rulers (title Raje Ghorpade Bahadur)
1662 - 1700                Maloji Raje Ghorpade               (d. 1700)
1700 - 1734                Sardar Akhayaji Raje Ghorpade      (d. 1734)
1734 - 1737                Pirajirao Raje Ghorpade            (d. 1737)
1737 - 1805                Malojirao III Raje Ghorpade        (b. 1710 - d. 1805)
1805 - 1816                Narayanrao Raje Ghorpade           (d. 1816)
1816 - 20 Feb 1818         Govindrao Raje Ghorpade            (d. 1818)
20 Feb 1818 - Dec 1854     Venkatrao I Raje Ghorpade          (d. 1854)
Dec 1854 - 27 Mar 1862     Balwantrao Raje Ghorpade           (b. 1841 - d. 1862)
Dec 1854 - 1861            Kristnaji Ball -Regent
27 Mar 1862 - 19 Jun 1900  Venkatrao II Raje Ghorpade
        (b. 1861 - d. 1900)
                             "Bala Sahib"
27 Mar 1862 - 1882         .... -Regent
                           (assistant political agents of
Kolhapur and South Maratha country)
19 Jun 1900 -  3 Jun 1922
  Malojirao IV Raje Ghorpade         (b. 1884 - d. 1937)
                           
 "Nana Sahib"            
                            (from 1 Jan 1920, Sir Malojirao IV Raje Ghorpade)
19 Jun 1900 - 25 Jan 1904  Administrator (State Karbhari)
                           - M.G. Mhaskar (1900 - 1903/4?)
                           - S.D. Khandekar (bf.Aug 1904)

Rajas
 3 Jun 1922 – 14 Nov 1937  Sir Malojirao IV Raje Ghorpade     (s.a.)
                             "Nana Sahib"   
14 Nov 1937 -  8 Mar 1948  Bhairavsinhrao Raje Ghorpade    
  (b. 1929 - d. 1984)
14 Nov 1937 - 10 Jul 1947 
Rani Parvatidevi Raje Sahib
                             Ghorpade (f)
-Regent
                            (president of the Council of Administration)

Dewan (chief minister)
c.1939                     Anant Narayan Pradhan



Muhammadgarh (Mohammadgarh)

Capital: Muhammadgarh
(Mohammadgarh)
Population: 2,888 (1941)
State Troops:
30 (1939)

Salute: None

1753                       Estate founded, under Kurwai.
1842                       Muhammadgarh (Mohammadgarh) state formed from parts of Basoda
                             and Kurwai.
15 Aug 1947                Accedes to India.
 1 Jul 1948                Merged into Madhya Bharat (after founding of the state)

                             (from 1 Nov 1956, Madhya Pradesh)
.

Rulers (title Nawab)
1842 - 1896                Hafiz Qoli Khan                    (b. 1830 - d. 1896)
1896 - 1910                Hatim Qoli Khan                    (b. 1868 - d. 1910)
 
1 Feb 1910 - 1942         Mohammad Siddiq Qoli Khan          (b. 1890 - d. 194.)
1942 -  1 Jul 1948         Mohammad Sabir Qoli Khan II        (b. 1929)

Chief secretary
c.1939                     Mian Sardar Qoli Khan



Muli

Capital: Muli Population: 16,977 (1941)
State Troops:
None (1939)

Salute: None

1807/08 - 1948             Part of the Eastern Kathiawar semi-jurisdictional states
                             (see under Lakthar).
 7 Dec 1943 - 15 Aug 1947  Attached (British jurisdictional authority granted) to Dhrangadhra.
15 Aug 1947                Accedes to India.
15 Feb 1948                Merged into Saurashtra.
 1 Nov 1956                Part of Bombay (from 1 May 1960, Gujarat).
 

Rulers (title Thakur)
c.1807                     Ramabhai
18.. - 1870                Vakhatsinhji                       (d. 1870)
1870 - 1894                Sartansinhji                       (b. 1834 - d. 1894)
1894 -  3 Dec 1905         Himatsinhji                        (b. 1879? - d. 1905)
 
3 Dec 1905 - 15 Feb 1948  Harichandrasinhji                  (b. 1899 - d. 19..)

Managers
 2 Feb 1906 - 17 Nov 1909  Anandrai Himatram Dave
18 Nov 1909 -  8 Feb 1912  Shamshanker Jeyehanker Dholakia
 8 Feb 1912 - 15 May 1914  Anopchand Jagjiwan Mody
15 May 1914 - 18 Jan 1917  Venishanker Harishanker Vaishnad
                             (1st time)      
18 Jan 1917 -  2 Apr 1917  Mavji D. Ved (acting)
 2 Apr 1917 - 23 Apr 1918  V
enishanker Harishanker Vaishnad
                             (2nd time) 
23 Apr 1918 - 19 Jun 1918  Khedathai Somabhai Desai    


Mysore: see Mahisur


Nabha

[Nabha (India)]

Capital: Nabha Population: 340,044 (1941)
State Forces/Troops:
690 (1939)

Salute: 13 guns

1755                       Nabha state founded.
1809                       British protectorate.
15 Aug 1947                Accedes to India.
15 Jul 1948                Merged into Patiala and Eastern Punjab States Union
                             (from 1 Nov 1956, Punjab).

Rajas
1755 - Dec 1783            Hamir Singh                        (d. 1783)
Dec 1783 - 22 May 1840     Jashwant Singh                     (b. 1775 - d. 1840)
Dec 1783 - 1790            Desu Kaur Sahiba (f) -Regent       (d. 1790)
21 May 1840 - 18 Sep 1846  Devendra Singh                     (b. 1822 - d. 1865)
18 Sep 1846 -  9 Nov 1863  Bharpur Singh                      (b. 1840 - d. 1863)
18 Sep 1846 - Oct 1856     Rani Mai Chand Kaur (f) -Regent
 9 Nov 1863 - 31 May 1871  Bhagwan Singh                      (b. 1842 - d. 1871)
31 May 1871 - 12 Dec 1911  Hira Singh                         (b. 1843 - d. 1911)
                             (from 29 Jul 1879, Sir Hira Singh)
Maharajas

12 Dec 1911 - 24 Dec 1911  Sir Hira Singh                     (s.a.)
24 Dec 1911 - 19 Feb 1928  Ripudaman Singh                    (b. 1883 - d. 1942)
 8 Jul 1923 -  3 Sep 1923  Charles McIvor Grant Ogilvie       (b. 1891 - d. 1967)
                             (Administrator)
 
3 Sep 1923 - 1928         Joseph Wilson Johnston             (b. 1876 - d. 1933)
                             (Administrator)
19 Feb 1928 - 15 Jul 1948  Pratap Singh                       (b. 1919 - d. 1995)
                             (from 1 Jan 1946, Sir Pratap Singh)
19 Feb 1928 -  5 Mar 1941  Regents (from 1932, presidents of Council of Regency)
                           - Joseph Wilson Johnston           (s.a.)
                             (1928 - 1931)
                           - Raja Gyan Nath Madan             (b. 1885 - d. c.1970)
                             (1931 - Nov 1939)
                           - Edward Birkbeck Wakefield        (b. 1903 - d. 1969)
                             (from Nov 1939)

Chief ministers
c.1942                     Shirder Singh
1944 – 1945                Cecil Curtis Harold Smith          (b. 1898 – d. 19..)
c.1947                     Sant Singh                         (b. 1886 - d. 19..)


Nagar: see Pakistani Princely States


Nagodh (Nagod)

[Nagodh (Nagod)(India)]

Capital: Nagod Population: 87,911 (1941)
State Troops: 10 (1939)
Salute: 10 guns

1344                       Unchahara founded.
1720                       Renamed Nagodh after new capital.
1807 - 1809                Tributary to Panna.
1809                       British protectorate.
15 Aug 1947                Accedes to India.
 4 Apr 1948                Merged into Vindhya Pradesh.

Rajas
1685 - 1720                Fakir Shah
1720 - 1748                Chain Singh
1748 - 1780                Ahlad Singh
1780 - 1818                Lal Sheoraj (Shivraj) Singh        (b. 1777 - d. 1818)
1818 - 1831                Balbhadra Singh
1831 - 22 Feb 1874         Raghubindh (Raghvendra) Singh      (b. 1821 - d. 1874)
22 Feb 1874 -  4 Nov 1922  Jadubindh (Jadvendra) Singh        (b. 1855 - d. 1922)
 4 Nov 1922 - 26 Feb 1926  Narharendra Singh                  (b. 1911 - d. 1926)
26 Feb 1926 -  4 Apr 1948  Mahendra Singh                     (b. 1916 - d. 1981)
c.1935                     Bhargavendra Singh Ju Deo -Regent
                             (president of the State Council)

Dewans (chief ministers)
bf.1935 – 1942             Bhargavendra Singh Ju Deo
1942 – 194.                Hardarshan Singh
President of Executive Council and Chief minister
c.1946                     S.P. Namdeva Visharad


Nagpur: see Mahratta states


Naigawan-Rebai

Capital: Rebai Population: 2,888 (1941)
State Troops: None (1939)
Salute: None

1807                       British recognize an estate as a state.
15 Aug 1947                Accedes to India.
 4 Apr 1948                Merged into Vindhya Pradesh (on 26 Jan 1950 transferred
                             to Uttar Pradesh).

Rulers (title Kunwar)
1807 - 1808                Lakshman Singh                     (d. 1808)
1808 - 1867                Jagat Singh                        (d. 1867)
1867 - 1909                Larai Dulaiya (f)                  (d. 1909)
1909 - 1935                Vishwanath Singh                   (b. 1878 – d. 1935)
1935 -  4 Apr 1948         Ratan Singh                        (b. 1913 – d. 19..)


Nalagarh

Capital: Nalagarh Population: 52,780 (1941)
State Troops: None (1939)
Salute: None

c.1100                     Nalagarh state founded.
1803 - 1815                Occupied by Nepal.
1816                       British protectorate.
1857 - 1860                Administered by British India.
15 Aug 1947                Accedes to India.
15 Jul 1948                Merged into Patiala and East Punjab States Union
                             (from 1 Nov 1956, Punjab).

Rajas
1618 - 1701                Dharm Chand
1701 - 1705                Himmat Chand
1705 - 1761?               Bhup Singh
1761? - 1762               Man Chand                          (d. c.1762)
1762 - 1788                Gaje Singh
1788 - 1803                Ram Saran Singh (1st time)         (b. c.1762 - d. 1848)
1803 - 1815                occupied by Nepal
1815 - 1848                Ram Saran Sungh (2nd time)         (s.a.)
1848 - 1857                Bije Singh                         (d. 1857)
1857 - 15 Jan 1860         interregnum
15 Jan 1860 - Dec 1876     Agar Singh                         (b. 1804 - d. 1876)
16 Dec 1876 - 18 Sep 1911  Ishri Singh                        (b. 1836 - d. 1911)
18 Sep 1911 - 1946         Jogindra Singh                     (b. 1877 - d. 1946)

1946 - 15 Jul 1948         Surendra Singh                     (b. 1922 - d. 1971)

Wazirs
1877 - 1880                Ghulam Kadir
1880 - 1893                council of three
1893 - 1895                Jowagir Lal (manager)
1895 - 1897?               Baghwan Das
1897 - 1897                Jogindar Singh
1897 - 1898                Hari Singh
1898 - 1914                Council of three
1914 - 1920                Chaudhri Ramji Lall                (d.  1920)
1920 - 1925                Lala Raghubir Singh
1925 - 1930?               Pandit Laiq Ram 



Nandgaon (Raj Nandgaon)

[Nandgaon (Raj
                          Nandgaon) (India)]
                     
[Nandgaon (Raj
                          Nandgaon) state flag to 1947 (India)]
....  - 14 Aug 1947 State Flag
Capital: Raj Nandgaon Population: 202,973
 (1941)

State Troops: None (1939)
Salute: None

1853                       Annexed to British India as part of Nagpur as an estate
                             (zamindari).
 4 Jan 1866                Nandgaon estate recognized as a state.
15 Aug 1947                Accedes to India.
 1 Jan 1948                Merged into Central Provinces (from 26 Jan 1950, Madhya Pradesh).

Rulers (title Mahant)
1865 - Nov 1883            Ghasi Das                          (b. 1820 - d. 1883)
Nov 1883 - 25 Aug 1897     Balram Das                         (b. 1866 - d. 1897)
                             (personal style Raja 1887-1893; from 2 Jan 1893, Raja Bahadur)
25 Aug 1897 - 25 May 1912  Rajendra Das                       (b. 1895 - d. 1912)
c.1911                     Khan Bahadur Kutub-ud-din
                             -Superintendent (regent)
24 Jun 1913 - 1940         Sarveshvara Das                    (b. 1906 - d. 1940)
18 Sep 1940 -  1 Jan 1948  Digvijai Das                       (b. 1933 - d. 1958)



Nargund


1785 - 1799                Occupied by Mahisur (Mysore).
 3 Jun 1858                Annexed to British India.

Rulers (title
Sachiv)
1719 - 17..                Dadambhatta

17.. - 1740                Ramrao I
1740 - 1742                Dadajirao
1742 - 1760                Yogirao
1760 - 1773                Bhaskararao I
1773 - 1785                Vyentatarao (1st time)             (d. 1817)
1785 - 1799                occupied by Mahisur
1799 - 1817                Vyentatarao (2nd time)             (s.a.)
1817 - 1842                Dadajirao III
1842 -  3 Jun 1858         Bhaskararao II                     (d. 1858)



Narsinghgarh (Narsingarh)

[Narsinghgarh (Narsingarh)
                state flag (India)]

Capital: Narsinghgarh Population: 125,178
(1941)

State Troops: 220 (1939)
Salute: 11 guns

1681                       Narsinghgarh (Narsingarh) estate (jagir) founded.
1819                       Narsinghgarh estate recognized as a state, a British protectorate.
15 Aug 1947                Accedes to India.
28 May 1948                Merged into Madhya Bharat (from 1 Nov 1956, Madhya Pradesh).

Rulers (title Rawat)
1795 - 1827                Sobhagh Singh                      (d. 1827)
1827 - May 1872            Hanwant Singh                      (d. 1873)

Rajas
May 1872 - Mar 1873        Hanwant Singh                      (s.a.)

1873 - Apr 1890            Pratap Singh                       (d. 1890)
28 Jun 1890 - Nov 1895     Mahtab Singh                       (b. 1889 - d. 1895)
 
9 Nov 1895 - 22 Apr 1924  Arjun Singh                        (b. 1887 - d. 1924)
                             (from 3 Jun 1916, Sir Arjun Singh)
23 Apr 1924 - 28 May 1948  Vikram Singh                       (b. 1909 - d. 1957)
                             (from 1 Jan 1941, Sir Vikram Singh)
23 Apr 1924 -  7 Oct 1929  Rani Shiv Kunwar Sahiba (f) -Regent

Dewans (chief ministers)
1932 - af.1939             Jagdish Singh
bf.1941 - af.1946          Munshi Brahma Dina



Narsinghpur

Capital: Narsinghpur Population: 48,448 (1941)
State Troops: None (1939)
Salute: None

1292                       Narsinghpur state founded.
1803                       British protectorate.
15 Aug 1947                Accedes to India.
 1 Jan 1948                Merged into Orissa.

Rajas
1671 - 1701                Mandardhar Harichandan Mohapatra
1701 - 1723                Kochali Harichandan Mohapatra
1723 - 1765                Biswambar Harichandan Mohapatra
1765 - 1775                Rrishna Chandra Harichandan Mohapatra
1775 - 1798                Nimai Charan Harichandan Mohapatra