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Princely States of India A-J

States: Ajaygarh (Ajaigarh) - Akkalkot - Alipura - Ali Rajpur - Alwar - Amarnagar (Thana Devli) - Ambaliara (Ambalaria) - Angul - Arkat (Arcot) - Assam - Athgarh - Athmallik (Athmalik) - Aundh - Avuku - Awadh (Oudh) - Baghal - Baghat - Bajana - Balasinor - Balsan (Balson) - Bamra - Banaras (Benares) - Banda - Banganapalle - Bangahal - Bangala - Banka Pahari - Bansda - Banswara - Baoni - Baramba - Baraundha Pathar Kachhar - Bariya (Baria) - Baroda - Barwani - Bashahr - Basoda - Basohli - Bastar - Baudh - Beja - Beri (Beri-Bundelkhand) - Bhadrawa (Bhadrawah) - Bhaisaunda - Bhajji - Bharatpur - Bhavnagar - Bhopal - Bhor - Bhutan - Bihat - Bijawar - Bijna - Bikanir (Bikaner) - Bilaspur - Bilkha - Bonai - Bundi - Chamba - Chanderi - Chang Bhakar - Charkhari - Chhatarpur - Chhota Udaipur - Chhuikadan (Chhuikhadan) - Chota Nagpur - Chuda (Chura) - Cochin (Kochin) - Cooch Behar (Koch Bihar) - Coorg (Kodagu) - Cutch (Kachh) - Dangs - Danta - Daphlapur (Daflepur) - Darkoti - Daspalla - Datia - Dewas Junior Branch - Dewas Senior Branch - Dhami - Dhar - Dharampur - Dhenkanal - Dholpur - Dhrangadhra (Halwad-Dhrangadhra) - Dhrol - Dhurwai - Dujana - Dungarpur - Faridkot and Kot Kapura - Farrukhabad - Gangpur - Garrauli - Gaurihar - Gondal - Guler - Gwalior - Haydarabad (Hyderabad) - Hindol - Idar (Ahmadnagar - Baad - Morasa - Soor) - Indaur (Indore) - Jafarabad and Janjira - Jaintia - Jaipur - Jaisalmir (Jaisalmer) - Jaitpur - Jalaun - Jambughoda - Jamkhandi - Jammu - Jamnia, Nimkhera and Rajgarh - Jaora - Jasdan - Jashpur - Jaso (Jassu) - Jaswan - Jath (Joth) - Jawhar - Jetpur - Jhabua - Jhajjar - Jhalawar - Jhansi - Jigni - Jind - Jobat - Jodhpur - Jubbal - Junagadh -

Note
:
The British ruled India with two administrative systems: British Provinces and Indian "princely" states; about 60% of the territory of the Indian sub-continent were provinces and 40%
were princely states. Provinces were British territories directly administered by the colonial government of British India
. Princely states were states with native rulers which had entered into treaty relations with the British by treaty (in case of the 40 important states, as of 1947) or by short declaration (sanad). 
  Except for some states that were extinguished by the middle of the 19th century (such as Arkat, Assam, Awadh, Jhansi, Kangra, Kannanur, Kodagu, Kozhikode, Kullu, Nagpur, Pañjab, Satara, Surat, Tanjur, Utkala), this record contains those Indian ("princely") states that existed after the end of the East India Company rule in 1858 and acceded to India with effective date on or after 15 Aug 1947. This list is selective, there were roughly 584 states when Britain granted the Indian independence on 15 Aug 1947; about 262 are listed here (not listed are most of the small Gujarat states). Rulers of 118 states (113 in modern India, 4 in Pakistan, plus Sikkim) were entitled to gun salutes. Number of guns indicated rank of the ruler (hereditary number of guns as of 1947 noted below under each state. The states continued after their accession to India until their "integration" (merger into larger provinces/states or in case of 9 states becoming provinces/states on their own) at various dates from Jan 1948 to Jan 1950 (Jammu and Kashmir in 1952). Personal privileges of former rulers were abolished in 1971.
  However, only "states" are included; "estates" (
jagir), "estate revenue grants" (thikana), and "land grants" (zamindari) are excluded, no matter how prominent and/or titled their their jagirdars, thakurs, or zamindars were. It appears though that before 1858 the British did not clearly distinguish between states and estates. An exception is made for eight estates in direct relations with the British as of 1947 that were not part of the British India provinces. Obsolete but once official English-language names  of the polities are given in parentheses, i.e., Awadh (Oudh). The princely states of India entered into protectorate/tributary relations with Britain by the end of the 19th century, where exact dates are known they are noted. The phrase "British India" is used for U.K. colonial possessions even before 1858, for brevity. 
  British (and Indian) local political officers (residents, agents, commissioners) usually were in charge of multiple states, they are recorded under the state where they had their office or under one of largest states. The Residents and Agents to the Governor-General (AGGs) were political officers of the highest rank (almost all of them are recorded in this record), the Political Agents and others (their record is selective) ranked below the Residents and AGGs, and were subordinated to the Residents or AGGs or the provincial governors, representing the Governor-General.
 

Party abbreviations: ABHM = Akhil Bharat Hindu Mahasabha (All-India Hindu Grand-Assembly, Hindu nationalist, split from INC, est.1915); ABKM = Akhil Bharatiya Kshatriya Mahasabha (All-India Kshatriya Grand-Assembly, royalist, conservative, est.1897); AISPC = All India States People's Conference (social-democratic, association of princely states-based parties, 1927-25 Apr 1948, merged into INC); INC = Indian National Congress Party (populist, social-democratic, pro-independence, est.1885); ML = Muslim League (Pakistani nationalist, former All-India Muslim League, Aug 1947-Oct 1958)
Ahmadnagar: see Idar


Ajaygarh (Ajaigarh)

[Ajaygarh (Ajaigarh)
                      banner c.1877 (India)]
Banner from c.1877
[Ajaygarh
                          (Ajaigarh) Reverse banner c.1877 (India)]Reverse c.1877
[Ajaygarh (Ajaigarh) flag
                      to 1948 (India)]
Flag to 4 Apr 1948
[Ajaygarh
                          (Ajaigarh) flag Reverse to 1948 (India)]
Reverse to 4 Apr 1948
Capital: Ajaygarh
 (Ajaigarh)

Population: 96,596 (1941)
State Troops: 220 (1939)
Salute: 11 guns

1731                       Ajaygarh state founded.
 
8 Jun 1807                British protectorate.
1855 - 1859                Occupied by British India.
15 Aug 1947                Accedes to India.
 4 Apr 1948                Merged into Vindhya Pradesh (from 1 Nov 1956, Madhya Pradesh).

Rajas
1731 - 1758                Jagat Raja
1758 - 1765                Pahar Singh                        (d. 1765)
1765 - 1792                Guman Singh                        (d. 1792)
1792 - 1793                Bakht Singh (1st time)             (b. 17.. - d. 1837)
1793 - 1802                `Ali Bahadur (usurper)
1802 - 1804                Shamsher Bahadur (usurper)
1804 - 1807                Lakshman Dada (usurper)
1807 - 21 Jun 1837         Bakht Singh (2nd time)             (s.a.)
1837 - 1849                Madho Singh                        (d. 1849)
1849 - 22 Jun 1853         Mahipat Singh                      (d. 1853)
1853 - 12 Sep 1855         Bijai Singh                        (d. 1855)
12 Sep 1855 -  4 Sep 1859  Interregnum
 4 Sep 1859 -  1 Jan 1877  Ranjor Singh                       (b. 1844 - d. 1919)
 
4 Sep 1859 - 1868         Rajmata of Ajaygarh (f) -Regent
Rulers (title Sawai Maharaja)
 1 Jan 1877 -  7 Jun 1919  Ranjor Singh                       (s.a.)
                             (from 1 Jan 1897, Sir Ranjor Singh)
 7 Jun 1919 - 11 Jul 1942  Bhopal Singh                       (b. 1866 - d. 1942)
11 Jul 1942 -  4 Apr 1948  Punya Pratap Singh                 (b. 1884 - d. 1958)

Dewans (chief ministers)
c.1930                     Pandit Uma Charan Misra
c.1934                     Babu Murarji Lai Khosla
c.1939                     H.P. Buch



Akkalkot (Akalkot)

[Akkalkot flag to
                        1948 (Akalkot)(India)]
Flag to 8 Mar 1948

Capital: Akkalkot (Akalkot)
Population: 103,903 (1941)
State Troops: None (1939)
Salute: None

 7 Jul 1708                Akkalkot founded as an estate (jagir) of Satara.
1708 -  5 Apr 1848         Tributary of Satara.
1820                       British protectorate.
1848                       Akkalkot recognized as a state.

1866 - 1896                British India administration.
15 Aug 1947                Accedes to India.
 8 Mar 1948                Merged into Bombay (from 1 May 1960, state of Maharashtra).

Rajas (title Raja Meherban Shrimant)
 7 Jul 1708 - 1760         Fattehsingh Rao I Bhonsle          (d. 1760)
1760 - 1789                Shahaji Rao I Fattehsingh Rao      (d. 1789)
                             Bhonsle "Baba Saheb Raje"
1789 - 1822                Fattehsingh Rao II Shahaji Rao     (b. 1770 - d. 1822)
                             Bhonsle "Aba Saheb Raje"
1822 - 1828                Maloji Rao I Fattehsingh Rao       (b. 1803 - d. 1828)
                             Bhonsle "Baba Saheb Raje"
1828 - 1857                Shahaji Rao II Maloji Rao Bhonsle  (b. 1821 - d. 1857)
                             "Appa Saheb Raje"
1828 - 1830                Pratapsinha "Bowa Sahib" of        (b. 1793 - d. 1847)
                             Satara -Regent
1830 - 1838                Jameson -Regent
1857 - 1870                Maloji Rao II Shahaji Rao Bhonsle  (b. 1838 - d. 1870)
                             "Bhuwa Saheb Raje"
1866 - 1867                Mahadeo Govind Ranade -Regent      (b. 1842 - d. 1901)
1867 - 1870                .... -Regent
1870 - 31 Dec 1896         Shahaji Rao III Maloji Rao Bhonsle (b. 1867 - d. 1896)
                             "Baba Saheb Raje"
1870 - 27 Nov 1874         T.M. Baumgartner -Superintendent
27 Nov 1874 - 12 Apr 1876  George Risto Goodfellow -Superintendent
31 Dec 1896 - 
4 Apr 1923  Fattehsingh Rao III Bhonsle        (b. 1894 - d. 1923)
31 Dec 1896 - 20 Oct 1904  Rani Lakshmibai Raje
                             Bhonsle
(f) -Regent
20 Oct 1904 - 20 Aug 1916  Waman Ganesh Rale -Regent          (b. 1857 - d. 19..)
 4 Apr 1923 -  8 Mar 1948  Vijayasingh Rao Bhonsle            (b. 1915 - d. 1952)

 4 Apr 1923 - 27 Feb 1936  Rani Tarabai Bhonsle (f) -Regent   (b. 1899 - d. 1942)

Karbharis (state managers)
c.1886 - c.1889/1890       Rao Bahadur Vithal Rao Tikaji
1889/90 - Nov 1892         Rao Bahadur Ramchandra Naroji Bagwe 
 8 Nov 1890 - Nov 1892     Bahadur Vishnu Raghunath Kelkar
22 Nov 1892 - 15 Dec 1893  Vithal Rao Tikaji (1st time)
Dec 1893 -  1 Feb 1895     D.N. Phansalkar (1st time)(acting)
Feb 1895 - 30 Nov 1895     Vithal Rao Tikaji (2nd time)
Dec 1895 - 31 Mar? 1896    D.N. Phansalkar (2nd time)(acting)
 1 Apr? 1896 - 19 Oct 1904 Vithal Rao Tikaji (3rd time)
20 Oct 1904 - 19 Aug 1917  Waman Ganesh Rale
19 Aug 1917 - 1923         Hyam S. Israel
1923 - 1928                Yeshwant Amrit Thombare
Dewans
(chief ministers)
c.1930                     A.N. Pradhan
bf.1934 - 1939             Vishnupant Bhaskar Parulekar
1939 - 1942                Gulabrao B. Deshmukh               (b. 1900 - d. 19..)
1942 - 1946                Shantikumar T. Raja                (b. 1914 - d. 19..)
c.1946                     K.V. Shah



Alipura

Capital: Alipura
Population: 17,735 (1941)
State Troops: 210 (1939) Salute: None

1757                       State founded.
1808                       British protectorate, named Alipura.
15 Aug 1947                Accedes to India.
 4 Apr 1948                Merged into Vindhya Pradesh (from 1 Nov 1956, Madhya Pradesh).

Rulers (title Rao)
1757 - 1790                Achal Singh                       (d. 1790)
1790 - 1835                Pratap Singh
1835 - 1840                Pancham Singh
1840 - 1841                Daulat Singh
1841 - Nov 1871            Hindupat Singh                    (d. 1871)

 3 Nov 1871 - 26 Mar 1922  Chhatrapati Singh                 (b. 1853 - d. 1922)
                             (from 1903, personal style Raja)
1919 - 26 Mar 1922         Harpal Singh -Regent              (b. 1882 - d. 1934)           
26 Mar 1922 - Nov 1934     Harpal Singh                      (s.a.)

                             (from 1931, personal style Raja)
14 Nov 1934 -  4 Apr 1948  Raghuraj Singh Ju Deo             (b. 1901 - d. 1987)  



Ali Rajpur (Alirajpur)

[Ali Rajpur
                        (Alirajpur) flag to 1948 (India)]Flag to 28 May 1948

[Ali Rajpur
                          (Alirajpur) Prince's flag to 1948 (India)]
Royal Flag to 28 May 1948

Capital: Ali Rajpur
(Ali 1437-1800)

Population: 112,754 (1941)

State Forces/Troops:
140 (1939)


Salute: 11 guns

1437                       Ali state founded.
1800                       Capital moved to Ali Rajpur (Alirajpur).
 8 Dec 1818                British protectorate.
15 Aug 1947                Accedes to India.
28 May 1948                Merged into Madhya Bharat (from 1 Nov 1956, Madhya Pradesh).

Rulers (title Rana)
.... - ....                Pahad Deo I               
.... - ....                Udai Deo
.... - 1765                Pahad Deo II                       (d. 1765)
1765 - 1818                Pratap Singh I                     (d. 1818)
1818                       Musafir Mekran (usurper)
1818 - 17 Mar 1862         Jashwant Singh                     (b. 1818 - d. 1862)
1818 - 1839                Musafir Mekran -Manager
1862 - 1869                Gang Deo                           (b. c.1845 - d. 1871)
1869 - 29 Oct 1881         Rup Deo                            (b. 1847 - d. 1881)
1869 - 1873                Muhammad Najaf Khan -Superintendent
1881 - 16 Aug 1890         Bijai Singh                        (b. 1881 - d. 1890)
16 Aug 1890 - 14 Feb 1891  Interregnum
14 Feb 1891 - Dec 1911     Pratap Singh II                    (b. 1881 - d. 1948)
                             (installed Mar 1892)  
Rajas
Dec 1911 - 1941            Pratap Singh II                    (s.a.)
                             (from 3 Jun 1933, Sir Pratap Singh II)
                             (personal style of Maharaja from 1941)
1941 - 23 Oct 1941         Fateh Singh                        (b. 1904 - d. 1941)
23 Oct 1941 - 28 May 1948  Surendra Singh                     (b. 1923 - d. 1996)
23 Oct 1941 - 28 May 1948  Sir Pratap Singh II -Regent        (s.a.)

Dewans (chief ministers)
c.1856/66                  Jowalla Pershad (superintendent)
c.1868 - 1869/70           Abdul Rauf (superintendent)
May 1873 - 1882            Rai Bahadur Venkat Ram
1882 -  9 Nov 1894         Thakur Jowan Singh (superintendent)(d. 1894)
26 Dec 1894 - c.1899       Ram Kishen Panth
.... - Aug 1907            Waman Rao Bapuji                   (d. 1907)
Aug 1907 - 19..            Moulvi Sayed Ahmed 
14 Nov 1913 - 1934         Sorabji Cowasji Dotiwala           (b. 1866 - d. 19..)
1934 - c.1939              Chhotalal Rajaram Mankad



Alwar

[Alwar
                          c.1775-1931 (India)]
c.1775 - 1931
[Alwar
                          1931-1948 (India)]
1931 - 18 Mar 1948
Capital: Alwar
Population: 823,055 (1941; including Nimrana estate)
State Forces/Troops:
1,110 (1939)

Salute: 15 guns

23 Nov 1775                Alwar state founded (previously part of Jaipur).
14 Nov 1803                British protectorate (by treaty).
15 Aug 1947                Accedes to India.
1948 - 18 Mar 1948         Administered by India.
18 Mar 1948                Merged into Matsya
(from 15 May 1949, Rajasthan).

Rulers (title Rao Raja)
23 Nov 1775 - 26 Sep 1791  Pratap Singh                       (b. 1740 - d. 1791)
                             (personal style Maharao Rana Shri Sawai)
26 Sep 1791 - 27 Jan 1815  Bakhtawar Singh                    (b. 1779 - d. 1815)
27 Jan 1815 - 30 Jul 1857  Banni Singh                        (b. 1806 - d. 1857)
                           - jointly with following -
1815 - 1826                Balvant Singh                      (b. 1808 - d. 1845)
30 Jul 1857 - 11 Oct 1874  Sheodan Singh                      (b. 1845 - d. 1874)
30 Jul 1857 - 1859         Munshi Aminuddin Khan -Manager
1860 - 14 Sep 1863        
Thakur Lakhdhir Singh -Regent      (d. 1876)
                             (president of council of administration)
11 Oct 1874 -  1 Jan 1889  Mangal Singh                       (b. 1859 - d. 1892)
                             (from 1 Jan 1886, Sir Mangal Singh)
11 Oct 1874 - Dec 1877    
the U.K. Political agent -Regent
Maharajas

 
1 Jan 1889 - 22 May 1892  Sir Mangal Singh                   (s.a.)
22 May 1892 - 19 May 1937  Jai Singh (exiled from 1933)       (b. 1882 - d. 1937)

                            
(from 1 Jan 1909, Sir Jai Singh)
22 May 1892 - 10 Dec 1903  the U.K. Political agent -
Regent
19 May 1937 - 18 Mar 1948  Tej Singh (installed 22 Jul 1937)  (b. 1911 - d. 2009)
                             (from 2 Jun 1943, Sir Tej Singh)

Prime ministers
Dec 1870 - Jul 1901        Mangal Singh                       (d. 1901)
1901? - 190.               Karan Singh
bf.1 Apr 1903-af.Apr 1904  Munshi Balmokand Das
 1 Aug 1905 - c.1910       Sahibzada Hamid uz-Zafar Khan
                             Bahadur (senior minister)
 8 Apr 1916 - Nov 1919     Raja Durjan Singh (senior minister)
c.1930                     Rao Girdhari Lal
Feb 1933 - Mar 1933        Arthur Cunningham Lothian (acting) (b. 1887 - d. 1962)
Mar 1933 - Dec 1934        Francis Vernier Wylie              (b. 1891 - d. 1970)
Dec 1934 - Sep 1936        Walter Fendall Campbell            (b. 1894 - d. 1973)
Sep 1936 - 1938            Charles Godfrey Prior              (b. 1896 - d. 1972)
1938 - 1941                Cecil Walter Harvey                (b. 1897 - d. 1958)
Dec 1941 - Dec 1943        Kunj Beharilal Seth                (b. 1895 - d. 19..)
1944 - 1947                Sir Seray Mal Bapna                (b. 1882 - d. 1964)
1947 - 1948                Narayan Bhaskar Khare              (b. 1884 - d. 1970)  ABHM
Indian Administrator
Feb 1948 - Mar 1948        Krishen Behari Lall                (b. 1917 - d. 2005)

Political Agents of Alwar (controllers of the Council)(separated from Eastern States 1870-1911)
Nov 1858 - 14 Sep 1863     Eugene Clutterbuck Impey           (b. 1830 - d. 1904)
Jun 1863 - 1863            G. Hamilton (acting for Impey)
14 Sep 1863 -  8 Jun 1870  agency removed
 
8 Jun 1870 - 22 Nov 1877  Thomas Cadell                      (b. 1835 - d. 1919)
Apr 1874 - Dec 1875        Percy William Powlett              (b. 1837 - d. 1910)
                             (acting for Cadell)
1877 - 1882                Victor Edward Law                  (b. 1842 - d. 1910)
1882 - Apr 1886            Henry Phipson Peacock (1st time)   (b. 1838 - d. 1906)
Apr 1886 - Dec 1886        A.W. Roberts (acting)
Dec 1886 - 1889            Henry Phipson Peacock (2nd time)   (s.a.)
Sep 1887 - 1887            Philip Durrell Pank
                             (acting for Peacock)
Apr 1888 - Nov 1888        .... (acting for Peacock)
Aug 1889 - Jan 1891?       William James Wemyss Muir          (b. 1840 - d. 1924)
Jan 1891 - Oct 1891?       Henry Byam Abbott                  (b. 1843 - d. 1914)
Oct 1891 - Mar 1893        Edward Alexander Fraser       
Mar 1893 - 1896            Thomas Caldwell Pears              (b. 1851 - d. 1921)
Apr 1896 - May 1897        Robert Henry Jennings              (b. 1852 - d. 19..)
Apr 1899 - af.Oct 1901     Lawrence Impey                     (b. 1862 - d. 1944)
Nov 1901 - May 1904        Christopher George Forbes Fagan    (b. 1856 - d. 1943)
Jun 1904 - c.1905          Philip Trevor Augustine Spence     (b. 1865 - d. 19..)
Dec 1905 - 1907?           James Levett Kaye                  (b. 1861 - d. 1917)
1907 - 1908                Thomas Wolseley Haig               (b. 1865 - d. 1938)
1908 - 1909                Herbert Lionel Showers             (b. 1861 - d. 1916)
Sep 1910 - Feb 1911        Arthur d'Arcy Gordon Bannerman     (b. 1866 - d. 1955)
1911                       merged with Eastern Rajputana States agency



Amarnagar (Thana Devli)


Capital: Amarnagar (Devli)


Population: 18,748 (1941)

State Troops: None (1939)

Salute: None

1901                       Jetpur-Devli, separated from joint ownership of Jetpur.
1901 - 1948                Part of the Western Kathiawar semi-jurisdictional states
                             (see under Jasdan).
1929                       Thana Devli state, also known as Amarnagar.
1932                       Almost full jurisdictional authority granted by the British.
1943 - 15 Aug 1947         Attached (the British jurisdictional authority granted) to Junagadh.
15 Aug 1947                Accedes to India.
15 Feb 1948                Merged into Saurashtra.
 1 Nov 1956                Part of Bombay (from 1 May 1960, Gujarat).

Rulers (title Azam Vala; from 1929, Darbar Vala)
17 Sep 1883 - 12 May 1922  Laksman Meran                      (b. 1849 - d. 1922)
12 May 1922 - 12 Oct 1922  Regency
12 Oct 1922 - 15 Feb 1948  Amra Laskman                       (b. 1895 - d. 1960)

Karbharis (state managers)
 
1 Nov 1896 - 1908/09      Chhaganlal Samaldas Patwari
c.1935                     H.G. Patwari
c.1941                     Mansukhal D. Mehta (acting)

bf.1944 - 1945             K.L. Chhaya
1945 - af.1946             Kusumrai J. Dewan                  (b. 1905 - d. 19..)


Amb (Tanawal State): see Pakistani Princely States

Amber: see Jaipur

Ambaliara (Ambalaria)

[Ambliara state
                flag to 1948 (India)]

Capital: Ambaliara (Ambalaria)
Population: 10,978 (1941)
State Troops:
None (1939)

Salute: None

c.1619                     Ambaliara (Ambalaria, Amliyara) state founded.
1811/12 - 1948             Part of the Sabar Kantha (to 1933, Mahi Kantha) semi-jurisdictional
                             states (see under Malpur).
10 Jul 1943 - 15 Aug 1947  Attached (the British jurisdictional authority granted) to Baroda.
15 Aug 1947                Accedes to India.
10 Jun 1948                Annexed by India to Bombay (from 1 May 1960, state of Gujarat).
 
Rulers (title Thakur Sahib)

1689 - 1724                Roop Singhji
1724 - 1773                Moghaji
1773 - 1796                Bhalji
1796 - 1814                Bhathhiji                          (d. 1814)
1814 - 1838                Nathu Singhji                      (b. 1799 - d. 1838)
1838 - 1876       
        Amar Singhji                       (b. 1838 - d. 1876)
1838 - 1858                Regency
23 Apr 1876 -  7 Mar 1908  Jhalamsinghji Amarsinghji          (b. 1860 - d. 1908)
 7 Mar 1908 - 10 Jun 1948  Keshrisinghji Jalamsinghji         (b. 1887 - d. 1963)

Karbhari (state manager)
c.1941                     C.K. Kaji



Angul 

Nov 1803                   British protectorate (sometimes spelled Ungool).
 1 Jan 1814 - 1816         British administration.
16 Sep 1848                Annexed to British India (part of Bengal; 1912-1936
                             Bihar and Orissa; from 1936, Orissa).

Rajas
.... - ....                Dhanujjaya Singh Jagadeo
.... - ....                Nityananda Singh Jagadeo
1803                       Krishna Chandra Singh Jagadeo      (d. 1803)
1803 - 1806                Achala Man Singh Jagadeo
1806 - 1809                Jarawar Singh                      (d. 1809)
1809                       Jaya Singh                         (d. 1809)
1809 - 1814                Prithvi Singh                      (d. 1814)
 3 Oct 1814 - 31 Jan 1848  Somanath Singh                     (b. 1798? - d. 1853)
1814 - 1816                Mohanlal -Regent
31 Jan 1848 - 16 Sep 1848  Loknath Singh  


Arakan: see under Burma


Arkat (Arcot/Carnatic)

[Arkat (Arcot/Carnatic) to
                1855 (India)]

Capital: Chepauk
    (Gingee 1692-1710,
Arcot 1710-1768),
Population: 10,000,000
(1800, est.)

1692                       State of Arkat (Arcot) also called, Karnataka (Carnatic) after
                             the region it dominated, founded (initially under Haydarabad).
10 Feb 1763                Recognized by the Treaty of Paris as an independent ruler
                             (recognized by the Emperor in Delhi 26 Aug 1765).
24 Feb 1787                British assume control of financial administration of the state.
26 Jul 1801                State absorbed to British India (as part of Madras; from 14 Jan 1969,
                             state of Tamil Nadu), the ruler becomes a British pensioner.
 7 Oct 1855                British declare the title and privileges of the Nawab lapsed.

Rulers (title Nawab)[titular from 1801]
1692 - 1703                Zulfiqar Khan Nusrat Jung          (b. 1657 - d. 1713)
1703 - 1710                Daud Khan Panni                    (d. 1715)
1710 - 1732                Mohammad Sa'adatullah Khan I       (d. 1732)
1732 - 20 May 1740         Dost Ali Khan                      (d. 1740)
1740 -  2 Oct 1742         Safdar Ali Khan                    (d. 1742)
 2 Oct 1742 -  4 Jul 1744  Mohammad Sa'adatullah Khan II      (d. 1744)
Nov 1742 - Dec 1742        Muruza Ali Khan (= Murtaz Ali)
                            
(usurper)
1743                       Kwaja Abdulla Khan (in opposition) (d. 1743)
1743 -  3 Aug 1749         Muhammad Anwaruddin Khan           (b. 1672 - d. 1749)

                            
(in opposition to 4 Jul 1744)
 3 Aug 1749 - 13 Oct 1795  Mohammad Ali Khan Wallajah         (b. 1717 - d. 1795)
1749 - 1750                Chanda Saheb (in opposition)       (d. 1752)
13 Oct 1795 - 15 Jul 1801  Umdat ul-Umara (
Ghulam Husain      (b. 1748 - d. 1801)
                             Ali Khan) 
15 Jul 1801 -  2 Aug 1819  Azim ud-Daula                      (b. 1775 - d. 1819)
 2 Aug 1819 - 12 Nov 1825  Azam Jah                           (b. 1797 - d. 1825)
12 Nov 1825 -  7 Oct 1855  Ghulam Mohammad Ghows Khan         (b. 1824 - d. 1855)
12 Nov 1825 - 25 Aug 1842  Azim Jah -Regent                   (b. 1802 - d. 1874)

Dewans (chief ministers)
bf.1758 - af.1765          Raja Sampat Rai
1771 - 1788                Saiyid Muhammad Asim Khan
c.1799                     Thomas Barrett                     (b. 1755 - d. 1802)



Assam

1228                       The Ahom people (Ahom is a dialectal version of Assam).
                             found a state, frequently under Burmese suzerainty.
Mar 1817 - Apr 1817
       Occupied by Burma.
Mar 1819 - Jun 1825        Occupied by Burma.
1824 - 1826                Occupied by Britain.
24 Feb 1826                Burma formally cedes Assam to U.K. (incorporated into Bengal,
                             from 1874 Assam).

24 Apr 1833 - 16 Sep 1838  A briefly revived Ahom state in Upper Assam (from Biswanath to 
                             the Burhi Dihing)(by treaty of 2 Mar 1833).

Rajas
1679 - 1681                Lora Rojaa Sulikphaa Ratnadhwaj    (d. 1681)
1681 - Feb 1696            Gadapani Supaatphaa Gadadhar Singh (d. 1796)
1696 - 1714                Sukhrungphaa Rudra Singh           (d. 1714) 
1714 - 1744                Sutanphaa Siva Singh (Xiba Xingha) (d. 1744)
1744 - 1751                Sunenphaa P
ramatta Singh           (d. 1751) 
1751 - 1769                Suramphaa Rajesvar Singh           (d. 1769)
1769 - 1780                Sunyeopha Lakshmi Singh
1780 - 1792                Suhitpangpha Gaurinathasimha 
                             Juvaraja (1st time)
1792 - 1793                Baratha Singh Mahamari (1st time)
1793 - 1796                Sarvananda Singh
1796                       Baratha Singh Mahamari (2nd time)
1796 - 1808                Suhitpangpha Gaurinathasimha 
                             Juvaraja (2nd time)
1808 - 1811                Suklingpha Kamaleshvarasimha       (d. 1811)
1811 - 1818                Sudinpha Chandrakantasimha         (d. 1839)
                             Narendra (1st time)
1818 -  9 Mar 1819         Purendrasimha Narendra (1st time)  (d. 1846)
                             (Purandar Singh Narendra)
Mar 1819 - Apr 1821        Sudinpha Chandrakantasimha         (s.a.)
                             Narendra (2nd time) 
Apr 1821 - 1822            Yogeshvarasimha (1st time)
1822 - 21 Jun 1822         Sudinpha Chandrakantasimha         (s.a.)
                             Narendra (3rd time)
21 Jun 1822 - 1825         Mingi Maha Thilawa -Burmese governor
1822 - 24 Feb 1826         Yogeshvarasimha (2nd time)
24 Feb 1826 - 24 Apr 1833  Post abolished
28 Apr 1833
- 16 Sep 1838  Purendrasimha Narendra (2nd time)  (s.a.)
                             (personal style Shri Maharaja)

British Agent of the Governor General in the North-East Frontier (in charge of political matters)
Nov 1823 - 28 Feb 1826     David Scott                        (b. 1786 - d. 1831)
British Officers Commanding in Assam

Jan 1824 -  5 May 1824     George McMorine                    (b. 1763 - d. 1824)
 5 May 1824 - Feb 1826     Alfred Richards                    (b. 1781 - d. 1825)

British Political Agents, (Eastern) Upper Assam and Junior Commissioners
Feb 1825 - Dec 1825        Alfred Richards                    (s.a.)                 
Dec 1825 - Mar 1828        G. Cooper (acting)
British Political Agents, (Eastern) Upper Assam

Mar 1828 - 26 Jul 1830     John Bryan Neufville               (b. 1795 - d. 1830)
26 Jul 1830 -  1 Oct 1831  James Matthie (acting)
 1 Oct 1831 - 1838         Adam White                         (b. 1790 - d. 1839
)


Naga Hills district

British Deputy Commissioners and Political Agents in the Naga Hills District
1866 - 1869                John Gregory                       (d. 1870)
1869 - 1873                John Butler, Jr.                   (b. 1842? - d. 1876)
Political Agents of Naga Hills District

1873 -  7 Jan 1876         John Butler, Jr.                   (s.a.)
Jan 1876 - 20 Jan 1878     Patrick Thomas Carnegy (acting)    (b. 1838 - d. 1878)
Political Officer of Naga Hills District
Jan 1878 - 14 Oct 1879     Guybon Henry Damant                (b. 1846 - d. 1879)
Deputy Commissioners of Naga Hills District

1879 - 1881                Thomas Candy Mitchell              (b. 185. - d. 190.)
1881 - 1886                Robert Blair McCabe (1st time)     (b. 1854? - d. 1897)
 7 Feb 1886 -  3 Jul 1886  Richard Townsend Greer             (b. 1854 - d. 1942)
                             (acting to 1 Apr 1886)
1887 - 1889                Alexander Porteous                 (b. 1855 - d. 1932)
1889 - 1893                Robert Blair McCabe (2nd time)     (s.a.)
Nov 1893 - 1899            Albert Edward Woods (1st time)     (b. 1862 - d. 1938)
Nov 1900 - Jan 1906        William James Reid                 (b. 1871 - d. 1939)
1907 - 1908                Arthur William Davis               (b. 1861 - d. 1913)
1908 - Apr 1912            Albert Edward Woods (2nd time)     (s.a.)
13 Apr 1912 - 28 Apr 1913  John Edward Webster                (b. 1871 - d. 1943)
29 Apr 1913 - 20 Apr 1917  Herbert Charles Barnes (1st time)  (b. 1870 - d. 1953)
12 May 1916 -  6 Jul 1916  John Henry Hutton                  (b. 1885 - d. 1968)
                             (acting for Barnes)
21 Apr 1917 - 10 Oct 1918  John Henry Hutton (1st time)       (s.a.)
11 Oct 1918 - 26 Jan 1919  Herbert Charles Barnes (2nd time)  (s.a.)
27 Jan 1919 - 22 Apr 1919  James Philip Mills (acting)        (b. 1890 - d. 1960)
23 Apr 1919 - 30 Nov 1919  Keith Cantlie (acting)             (b. 1886 - d. 1977)
 1 Dec 1919 - Apr 1935     John Henry Hutton (2nd time)       (s.a.)
                             (acting to Jul 1926)
1935 - 1937                James Philip Mills                 (b. 1890 - d. 1960)
28 Feb 1937 - 1947         Charles Ridley Pawsey              (b. 1894 - d. 1972)
 



Athgarh

Capital: Athgarh
Population: 55,498 (1941)
State Troops:
 None (1939)

Salute: None

1178                       Athgarh state founded.
1803                       British protectorate.
15 Aug 1947                Accedes to India.
 1 Jan 1948                Merged into Orissa.

Rajas
1681 - 1709                Karan Narayana Bawarta Patnaik
1709 - 1741                Karan Rama Krishna Bawarta Patnaik
1741 - 1771                Karan Debia Singh Bawarta Patnaik
1771 - 1821                Karan Gopinath Bawarta Patnaik
1821 - 1825                Karan Krishna Chandra Bawarta Patnaik
1825 - 1837                Karan Rama Chandra Bawarta 
1837 - 1862                Karan Bhubaneswar Bawarta Patnaik
1862 - 1869                Karan Jagunath Bawarta Patnaik II  (d. 1869)
1869 - 1893                Karan Bhagirathi Bawarta Patnaik   (b. c.1844 - d. 1893)
1893 - 25 Jan 1896         Karan Raghunath Bawarta Patnaik    (b. 1865 - d. 1896)
25 Jan 1896 - 22 Jun 1918  Karan Vishvanath Bawarta Patnaik   (b. 1885 - d. 1918)
25 Jan 1896 - 1908         .... -Regent
22 Jun 1918 -  1 Jan 1948  Karan Radhanath Bawarta Patnaik    (b. 1909 - d. 1983)
22 Jun 1918 -  5 Sep 1932  .... -Regent

Dewan (chief minister)
c.1940                     Bhabesh Chandra Roy
Prime minister
1947                       Biswanath Rath                                          AISPC



Athmallik (Athmalik)

Capital: Kaintaragarh
Population: 72,765 (1941)
State Troops:
None (1939)

Salute: None

1826                       Ceded by Nagpur (as part of Baudh estate) back to the British.
1874                       Athmallik estate (jagir), recorded from 1842, is recognized
                             as a state.

15 Aug 1947                Accedes to India.
 1 Jan 1948                Merged into Orissa.

Rajas
1874 -  4 Feb 1877         Jogendra Samant                     (b. 1821 - d. 1877)
 4 Feb 1877 -  2 Nov 1901  Mahendra Deo Samant                 (b. c.1848 - d. 1901)
                             (personal style Maharaja from 1890)
 2 Nov 1901 -  3 Nov 1918  Bibhendra Deo Samant                (b. 1874 - d. 1918)
 3 Nov 1918 -  1 Jan 1948  Kishor Chandra Deo Samant           (b. 1904 - d. 1958)
 3 Nov 1918 - 24 Dec 1925  Louis Eveleigh Bawtree Cobden-      (b. 1873 - d. 1962)
                             Ramsay -Regent

Dewans (chief ministers)
c.1917                     Srijut Misra
bf.1939 - af.1941          Bamdeb Misra

bf.1944 - af.1946          Dugra Charan Rai



Aundh

[Aundh flag to 1948
                (India)]

Capital: Aundh
Population: 88,723 (1941)
State Troops: None (1939) Constitution Act
(21 Jan 1939)
Salute: None

1699                       Aundh estate (jagir) founded.
1699 -  5 Apr 1848         Tributary of Satara.
1806 - 1818                Administered
by the Peshwa.
22 Apr 1820                British protectorate.
1848                       Aundh recognized as a state.
15 Aug 1947                Accedes to India.
 8 Mar 1948                Merged into Bombay (from 1 May 1960, state of Maharashtra).

Rulers (title Pant Pratinidhi)
1699 - 27 May 1718         Parusharam Trimbak                 (b. 1660 - d. 1718)
1718 - 25 Nov 1746         Shrinivasrao Parashuram            (d. 1746)
                             "Shripat Rao"
1746 - 1749                Jagjivanrao Parashuram "Dadobha"   (d. 1754)
                             (1st time)
1749 - 1752                Shrinivasrao Gangadhar (1st time)  (d. 1777)
1752 - 1754                Jagjivanrao Parashuram "Dadobha"   (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
1754 - 1762                Shrinivasrao Gangadhar (2nd time)  (s.a.)
1762                       Bhaskarrao                         (d. 1762)
1763 - 1765                Shrinivasrao Gangadhar (3rd time)  (s.a.)
1766 -  5 Apr 17
76         Bhagwantrao Trimbak                (d. 1776)
1776 - 30 Aug 1777         Shrinivasrao Gangadhar (4th time)  (s.a.)
                             (in rebellion from 1765, then co-ruler 1768-1776)
30 Aug 1777 - 11 Jun 1848  Parashuramrao Shrinivas            (b. 1777 - d. 1848)
                             "Thoto Pant"
                             (Peshwa prisoner 1806-1818)
11 Jun 1848 - 26 Sep 1901  Shrinivasrao Parashuram            (b. 1833 - d. 1901)
                             "Anna Sahib"
30 Sep 1901 - 20 Feb 1902  Khan Bahadur Jacob Bapuji Israel   (b. 1863 - d. 1933)
                             (interim)
20 Feb 1902 -  2 Aug 1905  Parashuramrao Shrinivas

                             "Dada Sahib"                     (b. 1858 - d. 1905)
 3 Nov 1905 -  4 Nov 1909  Gopalkrishnarao Parashuram
                             "Nana Sahib"
 4 Nov 1909 -  8 Mar 1948  Bhavanrao Shrinivas "Bala Sahib"   (b. 1868 - d. 1951)
                             (hereditary style Raja from 1 Jan 1936)

Karbharis (state managers)
 8 Nov 1889 - Nov 1889     Babaji Hari
Nov 1889 - 25 Jun 1890     Gangadhar Rao "Tatia Saheb"
25 Jun 1890 - Jun 1891     Rao Bahadur Wasudeo Ramachandra
                             Patvardhan
Jun 1891 - Nov 1897        Rao Bahadur Narayan Rao Bhikaji
                             Jogalekar
Nov 1897 -  6 Jan 1898     Bala Saheb (acting)
 6 Jan 1898 - Sep 1901     Rao Bahadur Vaman Daji Nagarka
30 Sep 1901 -  1 Jan 1913  Khan Bahadur Jacob Bapuji Israel   (s.a.)
Jan 1913 - c.Jul 1926      Vaman Vishnu Date
c.1930                     Gopal Bhikaji Karandikar
Prime ministers

1939 – 1941                Parashuram Rao Pant "Appa Sahib"   (b. 1912 - d. 1992)
                             (1st time)
1941 – 1947                Ramappa Balappa Bidari             (b. 1898 - d. 1982)  AISPC
1947 - 1948                Parashuram Rao Pant "Appa Sahib"   (s.a.)               AISPC
                             (2nd time)



Avuku

1473                       Avuku state
1805                       Annexed to Haydarabad (as a zamindari).

Rulers
1691 - 1735                Pedda Kumara Raghava
1735 - 1737                Appa Naransimha
1737 - 1739                Shellama (Chellamma)(f)
1739 - 1743                Narasinha II
1743 - 1751                Kishama
1751 - 1759                Olajapati II
1759 - 1767                Kumara Raghava
1767 - 1771                Venkata Narasimha
1771 - 1785                Narayana                           (d. af.1785)
1785 - 1805                Krishna



Awadh (Avadh, Oudh)

[Awadh (Oudh)
                        c.1842-1856 (India)]
c.1842 - 7 Feb 1856

Capital: Lucknow (Lakhnau)
Population: 4,970,000 (1851)

1732                       A senior official of the Mughal Empire establishes a
                             hereditary polity (under Mughal sovereignty) in Awadh (Oudh).
20 Mar 1797                British protectorate (by treaty), confirmed 1 May 1816.
18 Oct 1818                The ruler takes the style of padshah (king), signaling formal 
                             independence from the Emperor.
 
7 Feb 1856                King deposed and Awadh (Oudh) incorporated into British India (from
                             1877, part of the North-Western Provinces).

 5 Jul 1857 -  3 Mar 1858  Brief rebellion by the son of the deposed king against British rule.

Rulers (title Subadar Nawab)
1732 - 19 Mar 1739         Borhan al-Molk Mir Mohammad Amin
                             Musawi Sa`adat `Ali Khan I       (b. c.1680 - d. 1739)
19 Mar 1739 - 28 Apr 1748  Abu´l-Mansur Mohammad Moqim Khan
                             (1st time)                       (b. c.1708 - d. 1754)
Ruler (title Subadar Nawab, Wazir al-Mamalik)
28 Apr 1748 - 13 May 1753  Abu´l-Mansur Mohammad Moqim Khan   (s.a.)
                             (acting to 29 Jun 1748)
Rulers (title Subadar Nawab)
 5 Nov 1753 -  5 Oct 1754  Abu´l-Mansur Mohammad Moqim Khan   (s.a.)
                             (2nd time) 
 5 Oct 1754 - 15 Feb 1762  Jalal ad-Din Shoja` ad-Dowla       (b. 1732 - d. 1775)
                             Abu´l-Mansur Khan Haydar 
Rulers (title Nawab, Wazir al-Mamalik)
15 Feb 1762 - 26 Jan 1775  Jalal ad-Din Shoja` ad-Dowla       (s.a.)
                             Abu´l-Mansur Khan Haydar 
26 Jan 1775 - 21 Sep 1797  Asaf ad-Dowla Mohammad Yahya Khan  (b. 1748 - d. 1797)
                             Amani

21 Sep 1797 - 21 Jan 1798  Mirza Wazir `Ali Khan              (b. 1780 - d. 1817)
21 Jan 1798 - 11 Jul 1814  Yamin ad-Dowla Nazem al-Molk
                             Sa`adat `Ali Khan II Bahadur     (b. bf.1752 - d. 1814)
11 Jul 1814 - 19 Oct 1818  Ghazi ad-Din Rafa`at ad-Dowla      (b. 1769 - d. 1827)
                             Abu´l-Mozaffar Haydar Khan
Kings (title Padshah-e Awadh, Shah-e Zaman)
19 Oct 1818 - 19 Oct 1827  Ghazi ad-Din Rafa`at ad-Dowla      (s.a.)
                             Abu´l-Mozaffar Haydar Shah 
19 Oct 1827 -  7 Jul 1837  Naser ad-Din Haydar Solayman       (b. 1803 - d. 1837)
                             Jah Shah 
 7 Jul 1837 - 17 May 1842  Mo`in ad-Din Abu´l-Fath Mohammad   (b. 1777 - d. 1842)
                             `Ali Shah 
17 May 1842 - 13 Feb 1847  Naser ad-Dowla Amjad `Ali Thorayya (b. 1801 - d. 1847)
                             Jah Shah 
13 Feb 1847 -  7 Feb 1856  Naser ad-Din `Abd al-Mansur        (b. 1822 - d. 1887)
                             Mohammad Wajed `Ali Shah 
 5 Jul 1857 -  3 Mar 1858  Berjis Qadr (in rebellion)         (b. 1845 - d. 1893)
 5 Jun 1857 -  3 Mar 1858  Begum Hazrat Mahal (f) -Regent     (b. c.1820 - d. 1879)

Chief ministers (title Naib; from c.1818, Wazir)
c.1732 - 1739              Safdar Jang (= Mohammad Moqim Khan)(s.a.)
1739 - 1751                Maharaja Newal Ray                 (d. 1751)
1751 - 1755                Isma'il Khan
1755?                      Musawi Khan (?)
1756?                      Tamkin Khan (?)
1757 - 1767                Raja Beni Bahadur
1767 - 1775                Mohammad Ilich Khan (1st time)     (d. 1776)
1775 - 1776                Sayyid Murtaza Khan                (d. 1776)
1776  (6 months)           Mohammad Ilich Khan (2nd time)     (s.a.)
1776 - 1797                Hasan Riza Khan (1st time)
1797 - 1798                Tafazzul Husayn Khan               (b. 1727 - d. 1801)
1798                       Hasan Riza Khan (2nd time)
1798 - 1814                Ahmad
`Ali Khan Shams ad-Daula     (d. 1827)
1814 - 1827                Sayyid Mohammad Khan "Agha Mir"    (d. c.1832)
1828 - 1830                Mir Fazl
`Ali I'timad ad-Dowla
1830 - 1832                Mahdi `Ali Khan (1st time)         (d. 1837)
1832 - 1837                Mohammad Husayn Khan Roshun
                             ad-Dowla
1837  (1 month)            Mahdi `Ali Khan (2nd time)         (s.a.)
1837  (2 months)           Ghulam Yahya Khan
1838 - 1840                Ahmad `Ali Khan
1840 - 1842                Amjad `Ali Shah                    (s.a.)
                             (from 17 May 1842, King Naser
                            
ad-Dowla Amjad `Ali Thorayya Jah Shah)
1842 - 1843                Imdad Husayn Khan Amin ad-Daula
                             (1st time)
1843 - 1844                `Abd al-Husayn Khan ?              (b. c.1809 - d. 18..)
1844 - 1847                Imdad Husayn Khan Amin ad-Daula
                             (2nd time)
1847 - 1856                `Ali Naqi Khan     

Residents of British East India Company at Lucknow
Jan 1773 - Feb 1775        Nathaniel Middleton (1st time)     (b. 1750 - d. 1807)
Feb 1775 - Dec 1776        John Bristow (1st time)            (b. 1750 - d. 1802)
Dec 1776 - Nov 1779        Nathaniel Middleton (2nd time)     (s.a.)
Nov 1779 - Nov 1780        Charles Hutchinson Purling         (b. 1746 - d. 1791)
Nov 1780 - Feb 1781        John Bristow (2nd time)            (s.a.)
Feb 1781 - Oct 1782        Nathaniel Middleton (3rd time)     (s.a.)
                            
(acting)
Oct 1782 - 31 Dec 1783     John Bristow (3rd time)            (s.a.)
1783 - 1784               
William Palmer (acting)            (b. 1740 - d. 1816)
1784 - 1785               
Gabriel Harper (acting)            (b. 17.. - d. 1800)
Oct 1785 - 12 Feb 1794     Edward Otto Ives                   (b. 1754 - d. 1809) 

12 Feb 1794 - Jul 1796     George Frederick Cherry            (b. 1761 - d. 1799)
Jul 1796 - May 1799        John Lumsden                       (b. c.1763 - d. 1818)
1799 - 1804                William Scott                      (b. 1754? - d. 1804) 
1804 - 11 Jun 1807         John Ulrich Collins                (b. 1752 - d. 1807)
1807 - 1816                John Baillie                       (b. 1772 - d. 1833)
1816 - 1818                Richard Charles Strachey           (b. 1781 - d. 1847)
1818 - 1821                John Monckton                      (b. 1779 - d. 1852)
1821 - 1822                Felix Vincent Raper (1st time)     (b. c.1787 - d. 1849)
                             (acting)
1821 -  9 Aug 1821         Paris Bradshaw                     (b. 1764 - d. 1821)
                             (died before arrival) 
1822 - 1823               
Felix Vincent Raper (2nd time)     (s.a.)
                             (acting)
1823 - 1829                Mordaunt Ricketts                  (b. 1786 - d. 1862)

1829 - 1831                Thomas Herbert Maddock             (b. 1790 - d. 1870)
1831 - 1839                John Low                           (b. 1788 - d. 1880)
1839 - 1842                James Caulfield (acting)           (b. 1782 - d. 1852) 
1842 - 1845                William Nott (envoy)               (b. 1782 - d. 1845)
Dec 1843 - 1844            George Pollock (acting)            (b. 1786 - d. 1872)
1844 - 1845                John Dowdeswell Shakespear (acting)(b. 1806 - d. 1867)
 7 Oct 1845 - 1847         Thomas Reid Davidson (acting)      (b. 1799? - d. 1851)
1847 - Jan 1849            Archibald Fullarton Richmond      
(b. 1789 - d. 1866)
1849 - 1854                William Henry Sleeman              (b. 1788 - d. 1856)
1854 -  8 May 1856         James Outram                       (b. 1803 - d. 1863)


Baad: see Idar


Baghal

Capital: Arki
Population: 27,590 (1941)
State Troops:
None (1939)

Salute: None

13th cent.                 Predecessor state found.
c.1643                     Baghal state founded.

1803 - 1815                Occupied by Nepal.
1815                       British protectorate.
15 Aug 1947                Accedes to India.
15 Apr 1948                Merged into Himachal Pradesh.

Rulers (title Rana)
1670 - 1727                Prithvi Chand                      (b. c.1655 - d. 1727)
1727 - 1743                Mehar Chand                        (b. c.1702 - d. 1743)
1743 - 1778                Bhoop Chand                        (d. 1778)
1778 - 1803                Jagat Singh (1st time)             (b. 1770 - d. 1828)
                             (in Nalagarh exile 1803-1815)
1803 - 1815                occupied by Nepal
1815 - Aug 1828            Jagat Singh (2nd time)             (s.a.)
Aug 1828 - 16 Jan 1840     Shiv Saran Singh                   (b. 1793 - d. 1840)
16 Jan 1840 - 12 Mar 1875  Kishan Singh                       (b. 1817 - d. 1877)
                             (personal style Raja from 1860)
Rajas
12 Mar 1875 - 23 Jul 1877  Kishan Singh                       (s.a.)
23 Jul 1877 - 12 Oct 1877  Moti Singh                         (b. 1871 - d. 1876)
12 Oct 1877 - 12 Apr 1904  Dhyan Singh                        (b. 1842 - d. 1904)
12 Apr 1904 -  3 Oct 1922  Bikram Singh                       (b. 1893 - d. 1922)
12 Apr 1904 - 1909         Mian Mansingh -Manager
1909 - 1921                Rai Sahib Hakim Singh -Manager
 3 Oct 1922 - 21 Dec 1945  Surendra Singh                     (b. 1909 - d. 1945)

 3 Oct 1922 - Sep 1927     P. Warat Chand -Manager
Sep 1927 - Jan 1932        Lala Khan Chand -Manager
21 Dec 1945 - 15 Apr 1948  Rajendra Singh                     (b. 1928 - d. 2010)

Wazirs (chief ministers)
1932 - 1937?               Lala Khan Chand
1937 - 1938                Shiv Singh                         (b. 1901 - d. 19..)
c.1939 - c.1941            Bhagwan Dass



Baghat

Capital: Solan
Population: 11,922 (1941)
State Troops:
None (1939)

Salute: None

Middle Ages                Baghat state founded.
1815                       British protectorate.
11 Jul 1839 - 1842         Part of British India.
Jan 1849 - 1861            Part of British India.
15 Aug 1947                Accedes to India.
15 Apr 1948                Merged into Himachal Pradesh.

Rulers (title Rana)
1777 - 1787                Fateh Pal
1787 - 1810                Raghunath Pal                      (d. 1810)
1810 - 1821                Dalel Singh  
1821 - 11 Jul 1839         Mohindar Singh                     (d. 1839)
11 Jul 1839 - 1842         part of British India
1842 - Jan 1849            Bije Singh                         (d. 1849)
Jan 1849 - 1861            part of British India
1861                       Umaid Singh                        (b. 1825 - d. 1861)
1861 - 30 Dec 1911         Dhalip Singh                       (b. 1859 - d. 1911)
30 Dec 1911 -  4 Jun 1928  Durga Singh                        (b. 1901 - d. 1977)
30 Dec 1911 - Aug 1920     Kanwar Amar Singh -Regent (manager)(d. 1920)
Raja

 4 Jun 1928 - 15 Apr 1948  Durga Singh                        (s.a.)

Wazir (chief minister)
c.1941                     Anant Ram


Bahawalpur: see Pakistani Princely States


Bajana

Capital: Bajana
Population: 13,996 (1941)
State Troops:
None (1939)

Salute: None

1807/08 - 1948             Part of the Eastern Kathiawar semi-jurisdictional states
                             (see under Lakthar).
 7 Dec 1943 - 15 Aug 1947  Attached (the British jurisdictional authority granted) to Baroda.
15 Aug 1947                Accedes to India.
15 Feb 1948                Merged into Saurashtra.
 1 Nov 1956                Part of Bombay (from 1 May 1960, Gujarat).


Rulers (title Malek; from c.1929, Darbar Malek)
c.1807                     Surajmal
bf.1821 - 1841             Dariya Khanji                      (d. 1841)
1841 - 1902                Nasib Khanji                       (b. 1820 – d. 1902)
1902 - 1920                Jivan Khanji                       (b. 1847 – d. 1920)
1920 - 15 Feb 1948         Kamal Khanji                       (b. 1907 - d. 1985)

Kamdars (managers)
1895/6? - 1896/97          Girdhardas, karbhari
c.1904/05 - 1907?          Mohanlal Jiwanlal
13 Feb 1907 -  2 Mar 1917  Ghulam Mustapha                    (d. 1917)
23 Mar 1917 - 23 Jun 1917  Maganlal K. Shah (acting)
23 Jun 1917 -  4 Feb 1920  Balubhai Gordhandas Patwari
Karbhari
(state manager)
 
4 Feb 1920 - af.1921      Balubhai Gordhandas Patwari
c.1939                     Chunilal G. Shah


 
Balasinor

[Balasinor
                          State flag to 1948 (India)]
State Flag to 10 Jun 1948
[Balasinor
                          Royal flag to 1948 (India)]
Royal Flag to 10 Jun 1948
Capital: Balasinor
Population: 61,151 (1941)
State Troops:
None (1939)

Salute: 9 guns

1758                       Balasinor state independent.
1819                       British protectorate.
 1 Jul 1899 - 31 Dec 1915  British India management.
15 Aug 1947                Accedes to India.
10 Jun 1948                Merged into Bombay (from 1 May 1960, state of Gujarat).

Rulers (title Nawab Babi)
28 Sep 1758 - 17..         Muhammad Khanji Bahadur Khanji
17.. - ....                Jamiyat Khanji I Muhammad Khanji
.... - May 1820            Salabat Khanji I Jamiyat Khanji    (d. 1820)
May 1820 - 1822            Abid Khanji
1822 -  2 Dec 1831         Jalal Khanji (Edul Khanji)         (d. 1831)
 2 Dec 1831 - 30 Nov 1882  Zorawar Khanji                     (b. 1826 - d. 1882)
 2 Dec 1831 - 20 May 1841  Shri Yamuna Bibi                   (d. 1841)
                             Sahiba (f) -Regent
30 Nov 1882 - 24 Mar 1899  Munawar Khanji Zorawar Khanji      (b. 1846 - d. 1899)
24 Mar 1899 -  2 Feb 1945  Jamiyat Khanji II  Munawar Khanji  (b. 1894 - d. 1945)
                             (suspended 30 Aug 1933, exiled Feb 1938)
1899? - Sep 1901           Premchund Kasandas -Administrator
Sep 1901 - 31 Oct 1911     Erachshaw Hormazshaw
                             Cobla -Administrator
31 Oct 1911 -  1 Nov 1912  Jalaluddin Saiyed Kadri
-Administrator
 1 Nov 1912 - 31 Dec 1915  Framji Burjorji Garda -Administrator

 2 Feb 1945 - 10 Jun 1948  Muhammad Salabat Khanji II         (b. 1944 - d. 2018)
c.1947                     Virbhadra Singh Ranjit Singh-Regent(b. 1910 - d. 1986)
                             (president of the regency council)
                             (ruler of Lunawada)

Dewans (chief ministers)
1873? - Sep 1901           Premchand Kasandas
                             (from Mar 189,9 administrator)
Sep 1901 - 31 Oct 1911     Erachshaw Hormazshaw Cobla
                             (administrator)
 1 Nov 1911 -  1 Nov 1912  Jalauddin-Saiyedmia Kadri
 1 Nov 1912 -  1 Sep 1916  Framji Burjorji Garda
 1 Sep 1916 - 27 Aug 1917  Jehangirji Barjorji Sanjana
27 Aug 1917 - 10 Jan 1918  Vacant
10 Jan 1918 - 29 Jan 1920  K.S. Vajubha
29 Jan 1920 - 1930         Maganlal H. Buch
1930 - 1934?               Bhagwandas Giridhardas Desai
1934 - 1936                Framroze Bajarji Garda
c.1937                     M.L. Deusker
c.1939                     Ranjitsinghji
c.1947                     Banesinhji J. Jhala                (b. 1908 - d. 19..)



Balsan (Balson)

Capital: Ghodra
Population: 6,649 (1941)
State Troops:
None (1939)

Salute: None

.... - 1815                Vassal state of Sirmur.
1803 - 1815                Occupied by Nepal.
1815                       British protectorate.
15 Aug 1947                Accedes to India.
15 Apr 1948                Merged into Himachal Pradesh.

Rulers (title Thakur)
.... - ....                Jai Singh
.... - 1815                Dharam Singh
1815 - 1858                Jog Raj Singh                      (b. 1780 - d. 1867)
Rulers (title Rana)
1858 - 29 Nov 1867         Jog Raj Singh                      (s.a.)
29 Nov 1867 - 17 Nov 1884  Bhup Singh                         (b. 1820 - d. 1884)
17 Nov 1884 -  1 Mar 1920  Bir Singh                          (b. 1864 - d. 1920)
 1 Mar 1920 - 19 May 1936  Atar Singh                         (b. 1868 - d. 1936)
19 May 1936 - 1943         Ran Bahadur Jandaive Singh         (b. 1905 - d. 1965)
1943 - 15 Apr 1948         Vidya Bhushan Singh                (b. 1938 - d. 1979)
c.1947                     Digvijay Chand -Regent             (b. 1913 - d. 1966)
                             (president of council of regency)
                             (ruler of Jubbal)


Baltistan: see Pakistani Princely States


Bamra

Capital: Deogarh
Population: 178,277 (1941)
State Troops:
None (1939)

Salute: None

c.1545                     Bamra (Bamanda) state founded according to tradition.
1803                       British protectorate, ceded by Nagpur as an estate.
1806 - 1826                Restored by the British to Nagpur.
 4 Sep 1867                Bamra estate (zamindari) becomes a state.
15 Aug 1947                Accedes to India.
 1 Jan 1948                Merged into Orissa.

Rajas
1673 - 1713                Bhagirath Deb
1713 - 1745                Pratap Deb
1745 - 1779                Sidasar Deb
1779 - 1819                Arjun Deb
1819 - 1832                Balunkabrusabha Deb
1832                       Khageswar Deb
1832 - 12 May 1869         Brajasundar Deb "Tribhuban Singh"  (d. 1869)
12 May 1869 - 19 Nov 1903  Basu Deb Sudhal Deb                (b. 1851 - d. 1903)
                             (from 1 Jan 1895, Sir Basu Deb Sudhal Deb)
12 May 1869 - 1871         .... -Regent
19 Nov 1903 - 11 Mar 1916  Satchitananda Tribhuban Deb        (b. 1872 - d. 1916)
11 Mar 1916 -  1 Jan 1920  Dibyashankar Sudhal Deb            (b. 1890 - d. 1920)
 1 Jan 1920 -  1 Jan 1948  Bhanuganga Tribhuban Deb           (b. 1914 - d. 1982)
 1 Jan 1920 - 1935         .... -Regent
1928/32                    H. McPherson -Superintendent (regent)

Dewans (chief ministers)
1935 - c.1939              Arun Kumar Bose
c.1946                     Sri Basant Kumar Kar



Banaras (Benares)

[Banaras (Benares) state to
                1949 (India)]

Capital: Ramnagar
Population: 451,428 (1941)
State Forces/Troops:
270 (1939)

Salute: 13 guns

....                       Kashi (or Banaras) state
1194                       Part of Awadh (Oudh).
1740                       Estate (zamindari) transformed into Banaras state.
21 May 1775 -  9 Nov 1910  Part of British India, reduced to an estate.
15 Aug 1947                Accedes to India, as Varanasi.
15 Oct 1949                Merged into United Provinces.

Rajas
1740 - 19 Aug 1770         Balwant Singh                      (b. 1711 - d. 1770)
19 Aug 1770 - 14 Sep 1781  Chait Singh                        (b. 17.. - d. 1810)
14 Sep 1781 - 12 Sep 1795  Mahipat Narayan Singh              (b. 1756 - d. 1795)
12 Sep 1795 -  4 Apr 1835  Udit Narayan Singh                 (b. 1778 - d. 1835)
 4 Apr 1835 - 13 Jun 1889  Ishvari Prasad Narayan Singh       (b. 1822 - d. 1889)
                             (personal style Maharaja Bahadur from 11 Aug 1859)
                             (from 1 Jan 1877, Sir Ishvari Prasad Narayan Singh)
13 Jun 1889 -  1 Apr 1911  Prabhu Narayan Singh               (b. 1855 - d. 1931)
                             (personal style Maharaja Bahadur from 23 Sep 1889)
                             (from 1 Jan 1891, Sir Prabhu Narayan Singh)
Rulers (title Maharaja Bahadur)

 1 Apr 1911 -  4 Aug 1931  Sir Prabhu Narayan Singh           (s.a.)
 4 Aug 1931 -  5 Apr 1939  Aditya Narayan Singh               (b. 1874 - d. 1939)
                             (from 3 Jun 1933, Sir Aditya Narayan Singh)
 5 Apr 1939 - 15 Oct 1949  Vibhuti Narayan Singh              (b. 1927 - d. 2000)
 5 Apr 1939 - 11 Jul 1947  Regents (presidents of Council of administration)
                           - Charles Robert Peters (1939-1944)(b. 1886 - d. 19..)
                           - Syed `Ali Zamin (1944-1947)

Dewan (chief minister)
1947 - 1949                Syed `Ali Zamin


British Resident

1793 - 14 Jan 1799         George Frederick Cherry            (b. 1761 - d. 1799)



Banda

1790                       Banda estate (jagir) founded, a tributary to Satara.
1804                       Annexed to British India (part of Bengal; from 1836, part of North-
                             Western Provinces), the ruler becomes a British pensioner.
1857 - Nov 1858            Ruler in rebellion against British rule.
1858                       British declare the title and privileges of the Nawab lapsed.

Rulers (title Nawab)[titular from 1804]
1790 - 28 Aug 1802         `Ali Bahadur I                     (b. 1758 - d. 1802)
1802 - 1823                Shamsher Bahadur                   (b. 1788 - d. 1823)
1823 - 1849                Zulfikar Ali Bahadur               (b. 1800 - d. 1849)
1849 - Nov 1858            `Ali Bahadur II                    (b. 1835 - d. 1873)


Bandhora: see Jaso

Banganapalle   

[Banganapalle to 1948 (India)]

Capital: Banganapalle
Population: 44,592 (1941)
State Troops:
None (1939)

Salute: 9 guns

1665                       Banganapalle (Bunganpully) jagir created by Bijapur.
1783 - 1790                Annexed by
Mahisur (Mysore).
1790 - 1800                Tributary to Haydarabad (Hyderabad).
1800                       Ceded by Hyderabad to the British.
Oct 1835 - 12 Jul 1848     Annexed
to British India (part of Madras).
1849                       Estate becomes a state.
 1 Feb 1905 - 19 Dec 1908  Administered by British India (Madras).

1939 - 1947                Again administered by British India.
15 Aug 1947                Accedes to India.
23 Feb 1948                Merged with Madras.

Rulers (title Nawab)(personal style to 24 Jan 1876, then hereditary) 
1686 - 1725                Muhammad Beg Khan-i-lung           (d. 1725)
1725 - 1728                Ata Khan                           (d. 1728)
1728 - 1737                Fazil `Ali Khan I                  (d. 1737)
1737 - 1769                Fazil `Ali Kahn II                 (d. 1769)
 7 Apr 1769 - 26 Aug 1783  Saiyid Husain `Ali Khan            (d. 1783)
                             (personal style Khan Bahadur)
26 Aug 1783 - 1790         Ghulam `Ali Khan I (1st time)      (d. 1825)
1784 - 1790                Muhammad Yusuf
                             (
Mahisur [Mysore] Administrator)
1790 - 1814                Mozaffar al-Molk Asad `Ali Khan
                           - jointly with following-
1790 -  8 Sep 1822         Ghulam `Ali Khan I (2nd time)      (s.a.)
 8 Sep 1822 - Oct 1835     Husain `Ali Khan (1st time)        (d. 1848)
Oct 1835 - 12 Jul 1848     annexed to British India
12 Jul 1848 - 1848         Husain `Ali Khan (2nd time)        (s.a.)

20 Mar 1849 -  7 Oct 1868  Ghulam Mohammad `Ali Khan II       (d. 1868)
 7 Oct 1868 - 21 Apr 1905  Fath `Ali Khan                     (b. 1848 - d. 1905)
 
1 Feb 1905 - 19 Dec 1908  John Chartres Molony -Administrator(b. 1877 - d. 1948)
                             (assistant political agent)
22 Jun 1905 - 22 Jan 1922  Ghulam `Ali Khan III               (b. 1874 - d. 1922)
22 Jan 1922 - 23 Feb 1948  Fazli `Ali Khan III                (b. 1901 - d. 1948)

                             (forced to reside outside the state 1939-1947)

Dewans (chief ministers)
Nov 1937 - 19 Nov 1940     Humayun Mirza                      (b. 1907 - d. 19..)
Nov 1940 -  7 Apr 1943     M.S. Mandanna
 7 Apr 1943 -  6 Apr 1946  R. Krishnamacharya
 7 Apr 1946 - 20 Feb 1948  Syed Imam Sahib



Bangahal

c.1200                      Bangahal state founded.
1770                        Divided between Kangra and Guler.

Rajas
1709 - 1720/28              Prithvi Pal                       (b. 1686 - d. 1720/28)
1720/28 - 1735              Raghunath Pal                     (b. 1708 - d. 1735/49)
1735 - 1749                 Dalel Pal                         (b. 1728 - d. 1749)
1749 - 1770                 Man Pal                           (b. 1747 - d. 1770)


Bangala: see Bangladesh

Banka Pahari

Capital: Banka Pahari
Population: 1,241 (1941)
State Troops:
None (1939)

Salute: None

1823                        British recognize an estate (jagir) as state.
15 Aug 1947                 Accedes to India.
 4 Apr 1948                 Merged into Vindhya Pradesh (26 Jan 1950 transferred to Uttar Pradesh).

Rulers (title Diwan)
1823 - 1847                 Ishwari Singh                     (d. 1847)
1847 - 1871                 Vijay Bahadur Singh               (d. 1871)
1871 - 1887                 Piyariju Singh                    (d. 1887)
1887 - 1890                 Sukh Sahib                        (d. 1890)
1890 - 1915                 Meharban Singh                    (d. 1915)
1915 - 1939                 Baldeo Singh                      (b. 1888 - d. 1939)
1939 - 1944                 Bir Singh Deo                     (b. 1912 - d. 1944)
1944 -  4 Apr 1948          Jagat Pratap Singh                (b. 1935
)
c.1947                      Keshvendra Singh -Regent          (b. 1926 - d. 2004)
                              (ruler of Dhurwai)


Bansda

[Bansda c.1877
                          (India)]
Flag bf.1877
[Bansda to 1948
                          (India)]
Flag to 10 Jun 1948

Capital: Bansda
Population: 54,735 (1941)
State Troops:
None (1939)

Salute: 9 guns

c.1250                     Bansda state founded.
31 Dec 1802                British protectorate.
15 Aug 1947                Accedes to India.
10 Jun 1948                Merged into Bombay (from 1 May 1960, state of Gujarat).

Rulers (title Raja Sahib; from c.1840, Raja Maharawal)
.... - 1701                Udaisimhji II                      (d. 1701)
1701 - 1716                Virsimhji I                        (d. 1716)
1716 - 1739                Ralbhamji                          (d. 1739)
1739 - 1753                Ghulabsimhji I                     (d. 1753)
1753 - 1770                Udaisimhji III                     (d. c.1770)
1770 - 1780                Kiratsimhji Las                    (d. 1780)
1780 - 1789                Virsimhji II                       (d. 1789)
1789 - 1793                Naharsimhji                        (d. 1793)
1793 - 1815                Raisimhji                          (d. 1815) 
1815 - 27 Oct 1828         Udaisimhji IV                      (d. 1828) 
1828 - 16 Jun 1861         Hamirsimhji                        (b. 1826 - d. 1861)
1861 - 13 Feb 1876         Ghulabsimhji II                    (b. 1838 - d. 1876)
29 Feb 1876 - 21 Sep 1911  Pratapsimhji Ghulabsimhji          (b. 1864 - d. 1911)
21 Sep 1911 - 15 Feb 1948  Indrasimhji Pratapsimhji           (b. 1888 - d. 1951)
                             (from 11 May 1937, Sir Indrasimhji Pratapsimhji)
15 Feb 1948 - 10 Jun 1948  Digvirendrasimhji Indrasimhji      (b. 1927 - d. 2018)

Dewans (chief ministers)
1876 - 1883                Keshowlal Nathoobhai
Sep 1883 - 1885            Ardeshir Jamsedji
                             (joint administrator)
1885? - 1897               Jhaverbhai Nathabhai Amin
1897 - Jun 1899            Pranshanker Dayashankar Pathak
Jun 1899 - May 1901        Hargovind Harnarayen Vyas 
 9 May 1901 - Dec 1901     Motilal Chunilal
1902                       Khan Bahadur Hormasji Adaiji Patel
1902 - 1906                Pranshanker Dayashankar Pathak
1906 - 1908                Krishnamukhram Atmaram Meheta
 1 Aug 1908 - Jul 1910     Gunpatrao Narayan Laud
31 Jul 1910 -  1 Jan 1919  Phirozsha Nasarvanji Billimoria
 2 Jan 1910 -  1 Feb 1910  Jhaverbhai Nathabhai Amin (acting)
 2 Feb 1910 -  9 May 1910  K.L. Ghokhale (acting)
10 May 1919 - af.Aug 1920  Nitkanthrao K. Ambegaokar
c.1930                     Shri Prithvisinhji Sahal
1939 - Mar 1940            M.M. Garekhan
Mar 1940 - af.1942         Brij Mohan Jolly                   (b. 1908 - d. 19..)
c.1944                     R.M. Parekh



Banswara

[Banswara flag
                        c.1581 - 1948 (India)]
c.1581 - 25 Mar 1948

Capital: Banswara
Population: 258,760
(1941)
State Forces/Troops:
160 (1939)
State Constitution (Rajya Vidhan)
Act No.5 (1946)

Salute: 15 guns

1527                       Banswara state founded.
1786 - 1818                Tributary to Dhar.
25 Dec 1818                British protectorate (by treaty).
1900 - 1906                State under administration by the political officer.
15 Aug 1947                Accedes to India.
25 Mar 1948                Merged into Rajasthan.

Rulers (title Maharawal; from c.1914 Sri Raj-i-Rajan Maharawal)
1688 - 1706                Ajab Singh                         (b. 16.. - d. 1706)
1706 - 1713                Bhim Singh                         (d. 1713)
1713 - 1737                Bishan Singh                       (d. 1737)
1737 - 1747                Udai Singh II                      (d. 1747)
1747 - 1786                Prithvi Singh                      (d. 1786)
1786 - 1816                Bijai Singh                        (b. 17.. - d. 1816)
1816 - 1819                Umaid Singh                        (d. 1819)
1819 -  6 Nov 1838         Bhawani Singh                      (b. c.1803 - d. 1838)
 6 Nov 1838 -  2 Feb 1844  Bahadur Singh                      (b. c.1788 - d. 1844)
 2 Feb 1844 - 29 Apr 1905  Lakshman Singh                     (b. 1835 - d. 1905)
 2 Feb 1844 - 1856         Shahamat Alikhan -Regent
29 Apr 1905 - 27 Dec 1913  Shambhu Singh                      (b. 1868 - d. 1913)

27 Dec 1913 - 28 Jul 1944  Prithvi Singh                      (b. 1888 - d. 1944)
                             (from 2 Jan 1933, Sir Prithvi Singh)
28 Jul 1944 - 25 Mar 1948  Chandra Vir Singh                  (b. 1909 - d. 1985)

Dewans (chief ministers)
28 Apr 1902 - c.Oct 1906   Shivram Ramchandra Gupte
23 Jul 1907 - 19..         Mithan Lal
19 Jun 1911 - c.1915       Shri Ram Dixit
25 Feb 1919 - 1923         Mithan Lal
1923 - 1928                N. Bhattacharya
1928 - 23 Feb 1929         Kothari Zalim Singh
23 Feb 1929 -  5 Feb 1930  Nandlal Banerjee (1st time)(acting)
 5 Feb 1930 -  1 Jun 1933  Rajkumar Chatterjee
 6 Dec 1932 -  9 Feb 1935  Nandlal Banerjee (2nd time)(acting)
 9 Feb 1935 - Apr 1937     Jitendra S. Mehta
Apr 1937 - Jun 1937        Maganlal Nanawati (acting)
19 Jun 1937 - 20 Aug 1940  Mohan Sinha Mehta                  (b. 1895 - d. 1986)
1940 - 1941                ....
1941 - 18 Nov 1944         Maharaj Lal Singh                  (b. 1897 - d. 1988)
Chief ministers
19 Nov 1944 - Mar 1947    
Mohan Sinha Mehta                  (s.a.)
Mar 1947 - Jan 1948        ....
Prime minister

Jan 1948 - Mar 1948        Bhupendra Nath Trivedi             (d. 1990)            AISPC


Bantva-Manavadar: see Manavadar


Baoni

[Baoni c.1877
                          (India)]
Flag c.1877
[Baoni to 1948
                          (India)]
Flag to 4 Apr 1948
[Baoni Prince's
                          flag to 1948 (India)]
Royal Flag to 4 Apr 1948
Capital: Kadaura
Population: 25,256 (1941)
State Troops:
70 (1939)

Salute: 11 guns

1784                       Baoni state founded.
1806                       British protectorate.
15 Aug 1947                Accedes to India.
 4 Apr 1948                Merged into Vindhya Pradesh (26 Jan 1950 transferred to Uttar Pradesh).

Rulers (title Nawab)
1784 -  1 Sep 1800         `Emad al-Molk Ghazi ad-Din Khan    (b. 1736 - d. 1800)
 1 Sep 1800 - 11 May 1815  Naser ad-Dowla                     (b. c.1756 - d. 1815)
11 May 1815 - 18 Oct 1838  Amir al-Molk                       (d. 1838)
18 Oct 1838 - 18 Aug 1859  Mohammad Hosayn                    (d. 1859)
18 Aug 1859 -  5 Oct 1883  Emam ad-Dowla Hosayn               (d. 1895)
                             (administrator 1857-18 Aug 1859)

 5 Oct 1883 - 27 Jun 1893  Mohammad Hasan Khan                (b. 1863 - d. 1893)
27 Jun 1893 - 27 Oct 1911  Riaz al-Hasan Khan                 (b. 1876 - d. 1911)
                             (recognized 2 Aug 1894)
27 Oct 1911 -  4 Apr 1948  Mohammad Moshtaq al-Hasan Khan     (b. 1896 - d. 1977)

Dewans (chief ministers)
c.1934                     Mahmud Ali Khan Bahadur
c.1939                     Khwaja Ferozuddin Ansari (1st time)
c.1942                     Syed Mohammad Abdul Wase
bf.1944 - af.1946          Khwaja Ferozuddin Ansari (2nd time)



Baramba

[Baramba to 1948 (India)]

Capital: Baramba
Population: 52,924 (1941)
State Troops:
None
(1939)
Salute: None

1305                       Baramba (Badamba) state founded.
1748 - 1749                Occupied by Khandpara.
1803                       British protectorate.
15 Aug 1947                Accedes to India.
 1 Jan 1948                Merged into Orissa.

Rulers (title Rawat)
1679 - 1711                Balabhadra Mangraj
1711 - 1743                Fakir Mangraj
1743 - 1748                Banadhar Mangraj
1748 - 1793                Padmanava Birbar Mangraj
1793 - 1842                Pindik Birbar Mangraj Mahapatra
1842 - 1869                Gopinath Birbar Mangraj
1869 - 1874                Daswanathi Birbar Mangraj          (b. 1851 - d. 1881)
                             Mahapatra
Rajas
1874 - 15 Jul 1881         Daswanathi Birbar Mangraj          (s.a.)
                             Mahapatra
15 Jul 1881 - 20 Aug 1922  Bisambhar Birbar Mangraj           (b. 1880 - d. 1922)
                             Mahapatra
20 Aug 1922 -  1 Jan 1948  Narayan Chandra Birbar Mangraj
                             Mahapatra                        (b. 1914 - d. 1954)
20 Aug 1922 - 16 Jan 1935  .... -Regent

Dewan (chief minister)
c.1946                     Kalipad Dubey



Baraundha Pathar Kachhar

[Baraundha Pathar
                  Kachhar to 1948 (India)]

Capital: Baraundha
(Baroundha)

Population: 17,306 (1941)
State Troops:
None
(1939)
Salute: 9 guns

1169                        Baraundha Pathar Kachhar state founded.
1807                        British protectorate.
1887                        Baraundha (Baroundha) made second capital of the state.
15 Aug 1947                 Accedes to India.
 4 Apr 1948                 Merged into Vindhya Pradesh (from 1 Nov 1956, Madhya Pradesh).

Rulers (title Thakur)
1790 -  4 Jan 1827          Mohan Singh                        (d. 1827)
1827 - Dec 1867             Sarabjit Singh                     (d. 1867)
1867 - 1870                 Dharampal Singh
1870 - 1874                 Chhatarpal Singh                   (b. c.1849 - d. 1874)
1874 - 18 Dec 1885          Raghubar Dayal Singh               (b. 1840 - d. 1885)
                              (personal style Raja Bahadur from 1 Jan 1877)
18 Dec 1885 - 10 Jan 1886   Vacant
10 Jan 1886 -  8 Jul 1909   Pratap Singh                       (b. 1847 - d. 1909)

Rajas 
 8 Jul 1909 -  8 Apr 1933   Gaya Prasad Singh                  (b. 1865 - d. 1933)
 8 Apr 1933 -  4 Apr 1948   Ram Pratap Singh                   (b. 1908 - d. 1983)

Dewans (chief ministers)
1923/24                     Saiyad Abdul Mabud
c.1934                      Lai Singh Tomar
c.1939                      Deshpal Singh Ju Deo Bundel        (b. 1914 - d. 19..)



Bariya (Baria)

[Baria (Bariya) to 1948
                (India)]

Capital: Deogadh Baria
Population: 189,062 (1941)
State Forces/Troops:
150 (1939)

Salute: 9 guns

c.1524                     Bariya state founded.
30 Dec 1803                British protectorate (effected in 1824).
15 Aug 1947                Accedes to India.
10 Jun 1948                Merged into Bombay (from 1 May 1960, state of Gujarat).

Rajas (title from c.1840, Raja Maharawal)
.... - ....                Rayasimhji Udaisimhji
.... - ....                Vijaysimhji Rayasimhji
.... - c.1720              Mansimhji I Vijaysimhji            (d. c.1720)
17.. - 17..                Prithvirajji I Mansimhji           (d. af.1732)
.... - ....                Rayadharji Prithviraji
.... - ....                Gangdasji I Rayadharji
.... - ....                Gambhirsimhji Gangdasji
.... - ....                Dhiratsimhji Gambhirsimhji
c.1803                     Jashwantsimhji Sahibsimhji
18.. - Aug 1819            Gangdasji II Jashwantsimhji        (d. 1819)
1819                       Prithvirajji II Gangdasji          (d. 1864)
                             (1st time)
1819                       Rupji (usurper)
1819 - 1820                Bhimsimhji Gangdasji
1820 - 1864                Prithvirajji II Gangdasji          (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
 5 Mar 1864 - 25 Feb 1908  Mansimhji II Prithirajji           (b. 1855 - d. 1908)
1865 -  6 Nov 1876         .... -Superintendent
25 Feb 1908 - 10 Jun 1948  Ranjitsimhji Mansimhji             (b. 1886 - d. 1949)

                             (from 1 Jan 1922, Sir Ranjitsimhji Mansimhji)

Dewans (chief ministers)
1885? - 30 Oct 1916        Harilal Mansukhram Parekh
31 Oct 1916 - af.1946      Motilal L. Parekh                  (b. 1882 - d. 19..)



Baroda
 
[Baroda state
                          c.1731-1949 (India)]
c.1731 - 1 May 1949
[Baroda Maharaja's
                        flag c.1875-1936 (India)]
c.1875 - 1936  Maharaja's Flag
[Baroda
                          Maharaja's flag 1936-1949 (India)]
1936 - 1 May 1949 Maharaja's Flag
[Baroda Merchant
                                Flag 1921-1947 (India)]
2 Aug 1921 - 15 Aug 1947 Merchant Flag
   


Map of Baroda Capital: Baroda
(Songadh to 1766)

Population: 2,855,000 (1941) Salute: 21 guns
Government of Baroda Act (1940) Baroda Anthem
"Gaekwadi"
------------------------------
State Forces: 3,924 (1945)
Ethnic groups: Gujarati 87%, Bhil 7%, others 6% (1931)
Religions: Hindu 77%,
traditional 13%, Muslim 8%,
other 2% (1941)

Apr 1731                   Gaekwar estate (jagir) founded by a Mahratta general; from the 1780's
                             increasingly de facto independent from the paramount
                             Mahratta rulers (see Satara).

1732 - 1734                Baroda under Mughal rule.
15 Mar 1802                British protectorate, confirmed 21 Apr 1805 (by treaty).
13 Jun 1817                Recognized as a state by the British-Mahratta treaty (Gaekwar state,
                             later increasingly and predominantly Baroda state).
15 Aug 1947                Accession to India.
 1 May 1949                Merged into Bombay (from 1 May 1960, state of Gujarat).

Rulers (title Sena Khas Khel; from 1805, Maharaja Gaekwar)
Apr 1731 - 14 May 1732     Pilaji Rao Gaekwar                 (d. 1732)
14 May 1732 - 18 Aug 1768  Damaji Rao II Gaekwar              (d. 1768)
1732 - 1734                Sher Khan Babi -Mughal governor
18 Aug 1768 - 1769         Govind Rao Gaekwar (1st time)      (d. 1778)

1769 - 1773                Sayaji Rao I Gaekwar (1st time)
1769 - 1773                Fateh Singh I Rao Gaekwar -Regent  (d. 1789)
                             (1st time)
1773 - 1774                Govind Rao Gaekwar (2nd time)      (s.a.)
1774 - 1792                Sayaji Rao I Gaekwar (2nd time)

1774 - 1779                Fateh Singh I Rao Gaekwar -Regent  (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
1779 - 1792                Manaji Rao Gaekwar -Regent         (b. c.1751 - d. 1793)
1792 - 27 Jul 1793         Manaji Rao Gaekwar                 (s.a.)
27 Jul 1793 - 19 Sep 1800  Govind Rao Gaekwar "Mama Sahib"    (b. 17.. - d. 1800)
19 Sep 1800 -  2 Oct 1819  Anand Rao Gaekwar                  (b. 17.. - d. 1819)
19 Sep 1800 - 23 Jun 1818  Fateh Singh II Rao Gaekwar -Regent (b. 1769 - d. 1818)
23 Jun 1818 -  2 Oct 1819  Sayaji Rao Gaekwar -Regent         (b. 1800 - d. 1847)
 2 Oct 1819 - 28 Dec 1847  Sayaji Rao II Gaekwar              (s.a.)
28 Dec 1847 - 19 Nov 1856  Ganpat Rao Gaekwar                 (b. 1816 - d. 1856)
19 Nov 1856 - 28 Nov 1870  Khande Rao II Gaekwar              (b. 1828 - d. 1870)
                             (from 25 Jun 1861, Sir Khande Rao II Gaekwar)
28 Nov 1870 - 19 Apr 1875  Malhar Rao Gaekwar                 (b. 1831 - d. 1882)

                             (regent to 5 Jul 1871; suspended from 13 Jan 1875)
19 Apr 1875 - 25 May 1875  Sir Madhav Rao Thanjavurkar        (b. c.1828 - d. 1891)
                             (chairman regency council)
25 May 1875 -  6 Feb 1939  Sayaji Rao III Gaekwar             (b. 1863 - d. 1939)
                             (from 15 Feb 1887, Sir
Sayaji Rao III Gaekwar)
25 May 1875 - 28 Dec 1881  Jamna Bai Sahib Gaekwar (f)-Regent (b. 1853 - d. 1898)

 6 Feb 1939 -  1 May 1949  Pratap Singh Rao Gaekwar           (b. 1908 - d. 1968)
                             (from 1 Jan 1941, Sir
Pratap Singh Rao Gaekwar)

Dewans (chief ministers)
1743 - 17..                Diwanji Takapir 
                           + Mahadaji Govind Kakirde
17.. - 17..                Madhav Nimbaji Vanikar
17.. - 17..                Ramchandra Basvant
17.. - 17..                Balaji Yamaji
                             (acting for
Basvant)
17.. - 17..                Gopal Naik Tambekar
c.1777                     Antaji Ganesh
17.. - 1780                Govind Pandit
17.. - 17..                Hiramand (acting)
17.. - 17..                Baloba
17.. - 17..                Gumaji Patel
c.1787                     Ramchandra Bhaskar

Dec 1793 - 20 Sep 1800    
Raoji Appaji (1st time)             (d. 1803)
1800 - 1820
               Vithalrao Devaji (Dewan of Kathiawar)
                           - jointly with following -
20 Sep 1800 - 27 Jan 1801  Shrimant Sardar Khanjirao
                             Maharaja Sahib Gaekwar
27 Jan 1801 - 18 Jul 1803  Raoji Appaji (2nd time)             (s.a.)
1803 - 1807                Sitaram Raoji
1807 - 28 Nov 1810         Babaji Rao                          (d. 1810)
1810 - 1812                Vithalrao Bhau (1st time)
                             (Vithal Rao Bhau)
1812 - 14 Jul 1815         Gangadhar Shastri                   (d. 1815)
Jul 1815 - Oct 1819        Bhimashankar
12 Oct 1819 - Jan 1820     Dhakji Dadaji
Jan? 1820 - 1828           Vithalrao Bhau
(2nd time)
                           + Vithalrao Devaji

1828 - 1829                Veniram Aditram
                           + Prabhaka Dikshit
1829 - 1833                Gopal Atmaram Devadar
1833 - 28 Nov 1839         Veniram Aditram

1839 - 1848                Vacant
1848 - 1849                Balasaheb Dhaibar
1849 - 1854                Bhau Tambekar
1854 - 10 Nov 1867         
Govindrav Pandurang Rode           (d. 1868)
                           + Ganesh Sadashiv Ojhe (to Mar 1861)
17 Nov 1867 - 24 Nov 1869  Bhau Shinde
25 Nov 1869 - Dec 1870     Nimbaji Rao Dhole
(or Davale)
                             (acting)
Dec 1870 - Mar 1871        Hariba Dada
22 Mar 1871 - 1872         Gopal Rao Mairal                   (d. 1872)

1872  (4 months)           Balwant Rao Bhicaji Rahurakar
Nov 1872? - Mar 1873?      Balvantrav Khanvelkar (Balwant Rao)

 5 Mar 1873 –  4 Aug 1874  Shivaji Rao Khanvelkar

 4 Aug 1874 -  7 Jan 1875  Dadabhai Naoroji                   (b. 1825 – d. 1917)

16 May 1875 - 28 Sep 1882  Sir Madhav Rao Thanjavurkar        (s.a.)
29 Sep 1882 - 31 Jul 1886  Khan Bahadur Kazi Shahabuddin      (b. 1832 - d. 1900)
 1 Aug 1886 - 30 May 1890  
Bahadur Lakshman Jagannath Vaidya
31 May 1890 - 21 Nov 1895  
Manibhai Jasbhai Mehta             (b. 1844 - d. 1900)
22 Nov 1895 - 14 Jul 1896  Jaisingh Rao Agre (acting)
15 Jul 1896 -  2 Oct 1901  S. Srinivasa Raghava Iyengar       (b. 1849 - d. 1903)
 3 Oct 1901 - 30 Jun 1904
 Ramchandra Vithoba Dhamnaskar      (b. 1848 - d. 19..)
 1 Jul 1904 - 28 Feb 1909  
Kersasp Rustamji Dadachanji
 1 Jun 1909 - 30 Nov 1909  Shri Romesh Chunder Dutt           (b. 1848 - d. 1909)  INC
 1 Dec 1909 -  3 Jan 1912  Charles Norman Seddon              (b. 1870 - d. 1950)
 1 Dec 1912 - 16 Mar 1914  Bihari Lal Gupta                   (b. 1849 - d. 1916)
17 Mar 1914 -  7 May 1916  Vishwanath Patankar Madhava Rao    (b. 1850 - d. 1934)
 9 May 1916 - 17 Feb 1926  Manubhai Nandshankar Mehta         (b. 1868 - d. 1946)
18 Feb 1926 – 17 Feb 1927  Ganpatrao Gaekwad (acting)
18 Feb 1927 - 27 Apr 1944  Sir Vangal Thiruvenkatachari       (b. 1881 - d. 1946)
                             Krishnamachari

27 Apr 1944 - 1945         Bhadrasinh Anandrao Gaekwar (acting)
1945 – 1947                Sir Brojendra Lal Mitter           (b. 1875 - d. 1950)

 1 Oct 1947 –  3 Jun 1948  Sakharam Amrut Sudhalkar           (b. 1891 - d. 1982)
Prime minister
 3 Jun 1948 -  1 May 1949  Jivraj Narayan Mehta               (b. 1887 - d. 1977)  INC

British Residents at Baroda 
11 Jul 1802 - 1809         Alexander Walker (1st time)        (b. 1734 - d. 1831)
1809 - 1810                James Rivett-Carnac (1st time)     (b. 1785 - d. 1846)
                              (acting)
1810       
               Alexander Walker (2nd time)        (s.a.)
1810 - May 1820            James Rivett-Carnac (2nd time)     (s.a.)
 1 Jun 1820 - May 1821     Charles Norris (acting)

May 1821 - Nov 1837        James Williams                     (d. 1837)
Nov 1837 - Jun 1840        James Sutherland                   (b. 1790 - d. 1840)
26 Jun 1840 - Jul/Aug 1844 William Sprot Boyd                 (b. 1799 - d. 1845)
Aug 1844 - Jul 1845        Thomas Ogilvie (acting)
Jul 1845 - Apr 1846        Robert Keith Arbuthnot             (b. 1801 - d. 1873)
Apr 1846 - May 1847        William Charles Andrews (acting)   (d. 1851)
May 1847 - Oct 1848        James Outram (1st time)            (b. 1803 - d. 1863)
Oct 1848 - May 1850        Patrick Theodore French (acting)   (b. 1803 - d. 1890)
23 May 1850 - Jan 1852     James Outram (2nd time)            (s.a.)
Jan 1852 - Jun 1853        John Marshal Davies                (d. 1853)
Jun 1853 - Mar 1854        George Berkeley Seton-Karr (acting)(b. 1820 - d. 1862)
Mar 1854 - May 1854        James Outram (3rd time)            (s.a.)
May 1854 -  1 Oct 1855     Duncan Archibald Malcolm           (b. 1807 - d. 1855)

Feb 1856 - Mar 1857        Cuthbert Davidson                  (b. 1810 - d. 1862)
Mar 1857 - May 1859        Sir Richmond Campbell Shakespear   (b. 1812 - d. 1861)
May 1859 – Aug 1859        John Proudfoot Stratton (acting)   (b. 1830 – d. 1895)
Aug 1859 - 10 Jan 1866     Robert Wallace                     (b. 1816 - d. ....)
10 Jan 1866 - 23 May 1867  John Turnly Barr
(1st time)        (b. 1818 - d. 1873)
23 May 1867 - Nov 1867     Edward Penfold Arthur (acting)     (b. 1825 - d. 1870)
Nov 1867 - 29 Apr 1872     John Turnly Barr (2nd time)        (s.a.)
29 Apr 1872 - Mar 1873     Alexander Young Shortt (acting)    (b. 1834 - d. 1903)

Mar 1873 - Dec 1874        Robert Phayre                      (b. 1820 - d. 1897)
Dec 1874 - Apr 1875        Lewis Pelley                       (b. 1825 - d. 1892)
18 Apr 1875 - Nov 1875     R
ichard John Meade                 (b. 1821 - d. 1899)
British Residents and Agents to the Governor-general for Baroda
16 Nov 1875 -  2 Apr 1881  Philipp Sandys Melvill (1st time)  (b. 1827 - d. 1906)

 2 Apr 1881 - 10 Apr 1881  J.H. Seller (acting)
11 Apr 1881 -  1 Jul 1881  William Garrow Waterfield (acting) (b. 1833 - d. 1897)
 2 Jul 1881 -  2 Jan 1881
 Philipp Sandys Melvill (2nd time)  (s.a.)
 3 Jan 1882 - 15 Sep 1883  John Watson (1st time)             (b. 1829 - d. 1919)
16 Sep 1883 - 15 Nov 1883  Freeman Henry Jackson
(1st time)   (b. 1842 - d. 1916)
                             (acting)
16 Nov 1883 - 26 Aug 1885
 John Watson (2nd time)             (s.a.)
27 Aug 1885 - 24 Oct 1885  Charles Kenneth Mackenzie Walter   (b. 1833 - d. 1892)
                             (acting)
25 Oct 1885 -  3 Mar 1886
 John Watson (3rd time)             (s.a.)
 4 Mar 1886 -  4 Nov 1886  Freeman Henry Jackson (2nd time)   (s.a.)
                             (acting)

 4 Dec 1886 -  7 Jul 1886  James Cavan Berkeley (1st time)    (b. 1838 - d. 1926)
 8 Jul 1886 - 10 Jul 1886  Freeman Henry Jackson (3rd time)   (s.a.)
                             (acting)

10 Aug 1886 - 29 Dec 1887  James Cavan Berkeley (2nd time)    (s.a.)
30 Dec 1887 -  1 Oct 1888  Sir Oliver Beauchamp Coventry      (b. 1837 - d. 1891)
                             St. John 
 2 Oct 1888 - 17 Jan 1889  Freeman Henry Jackson (4th time)   (s.a.)
                             (acting)

18 Jan 1889 - 26 Mar 1889  Harry North Dalrymple Prendergast  (b. 1834 - d. 1913)
                             (1st time)
27 Mar 1889 - 22 Oct 1889
 Freeman Henry Jackson (5th time)   (s.a.)
                             (acting)

23 Oct 1889 - Apr 1890     Harry North Dalrymple Prendergast  (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)

Apr 1890 - Jul 1890        Freeman Henry Jackson (6th time)   (s.a.)
                             (acting)

Jul 1890 -  6 Feb 1891     Harry North Dalrymple Prendergast  (s.a.)
                             (3rd time)

 6 Mar 1891 -  4 Jan 1893  Edward Swalman Reynolds            (b. c.1839 - d. 1896)
11 Jan 1893 - 27 Apr 1893  John Biddulph (1st time)           (b. 1840 - d. 1922)
27 Apr 1893 - 27 Jul 1893  Francis William Snell (acting)     (b. 1848 - d. 19..)
28 Jul 1893 - 24 Feb 1895
  John Biddulph (2nd time)           (s.a.)
25 Feb 1895 - 23 Jul 1896  Norton Charles Martelli (1st time) (b. 1844 - d. ....)
24 Jul 1896 - Oct 1896     Percy Zachariah Cox (acting)       (b. 1864 - d. 1937)
Oct 1896 - 1899
           Norton Charles Martelli (2nd time) (s.a.)
Residents for Baroda and (from 1933) Gujarat States
30 Aug 1899 - 13 Mar 1901  Charles Withers Ravenshaw          (b. 1835 - d. 1935)
14 Mar 1901 -  9 Oct 1901  William Hall Mackintosh Stewart    (b. 1856 - d. 19..)
                             (acting)
 4 Nov 1901 -  2 May 1902  Malcolm John Meade (1st time)      (b. 1854 - d. 1933)
 3 May 1902 -  3 Nov 1902  Harry George Carnegy (acting)      (b. 1865 - d. 1905)
 4 Nov 1902 - 30 Mar 1906  Malcolm John Meade (2nd time)      (s.a.)
31 Mar 1906 - 13 Apr 1906  Hugh Harrison (acting)             (b. 1870 - d. 1944)
14 Apr 1906 - 11 Dec 1906  Charles Hamerton Pritchard (acting)(b. 1863 - d. 1916)
12 Dec 1906 -  3 Sep 1908
 Malcolm John Meade (3rd time)      (s.a.)
 4 Sep 1908 - 29 Oct 1908  Robert Southey Pottinger (acting)  (b. 1870 - d. 1943)
30 Oct 1908 - 18 Feb 1909  Malcolm John Meade (4th time)      (s.a.)
19 Feb 1909 -  1 May 1912  Henry Venn Cobb                    (b. 1864 - d. 1949)
19 Feb 1909 - 30 Sep 1910 
Oswald Vivian Bosanquet            (b. 1866 - d. 1933)
                            
(acting for Venn Cobb)
 5 May 1912 - 13 Mar 1914  Lawrence Impey (1st time)          (b. 1862 - d. 1944)

                             (acting to 17 May 1913)
14 Mar 1914 - 11 Apr 1914  Wyndham Madden Pierpoint Wood      (b. 1869 - d. 1950)
                             (acting)
12 Apr 1914 - 14 Dec 1914  William Ellis Jardine (acting)     (b. 1867 - d. 1944)
15 Dec 1914 -  3 Mar 1917
  Lawrence Impey (2nd time)          (s.a.)
 4 Mar 1917 - 16 Feb 1918  Frederick Weston Peile Macdonald   (b. 1863 - d. 1955)
                             (acting)
17 Feb 1918 - 23 Mar 1918  Kenneth Samuel Fitze
(acting)      (b. 1887 - d. 1960)
23 Mar 1918 -  7 Apr 1919  Charles Lennox Russell             (b. 1872 - d. 1960)
                             (acting to 19 Apr 1918)
 8 Apr 1919 -  5 May 1919 
Thomas Brian Russell (acting)      (b. 1888 - d. 19..)
 6 May 1919 - 28 May 1919  
William Pell Barton (1st time)     (b. 1871 - d. 1956)
 1 Jun 1919 -  9 Sep 1919  Walter Hugh John Wilkinson (acting)(b. 1874 - d. 1939)
10 Sep 1919 -  2 Feb 1920  William Pell Barton (2nd time)     (s.a.)
 3 Feb 1920 - 30 Oct 1920  Charles Joseph Windham             (b. 1867 - d. 1941)
31 Oct 1920 - 21 Jul 1921  Denys Brooke Blakeway              (b. 1870 - d. 1933)
22 Jul 1921 -  1 Dec 1922  Leslie Maurice Crump (acting)      (b. 1875 - d. 1929)
 1 Dec 1922 – 12 Dec 1922  Cyril William Prescott (1st time)  (b. 1880 - d. 1926)
                             (acting)
13 Dec 1922 - 1923         Reginald Isidore Robert Glancy     (b. 1974 - d. 1939)

29 Apr 1923 –  7 Jun 1923  Cyril William Prescott (2nd time)  (s.a.)
                             (acting)
 8 Jun 1923 –  4 Mar 1927  Edward Herbert Kealy               (b. 1873 - d. 1953)

1926 - 27 Oct 1926         Henry Stuart Strong                (b. 1873 - d. 1949)
                             (acting for Kealy)
 5 Mar 1927 – 14 Nov 1929 
Richard John Charles Burke         (b. 1878 - d. 1960)
15 Nov 1929 - 1931         Denis Grey Wilson                  (b. 1880 - d. 1964)
21 Mar 1931 – 1932?        Charles Gilbert Crosthwaite        (b. 1878 - d. 1940)
                             (acting to 17 Jun 1931)
27 Mar 1932 – 21 Jul 1932  Frederick Marshman Bailey          (b. 1882 - d. 1967)

22 Jul 1932 – 18 Jan 1933  Arthur Cunningham Lothian          (b. 1887 - d. 1962)
19 Jan 1933 - Jan 1938     James Leslie Rose Weir             (b. 1883 - d. 1950)
18 Apr 1935 –  3 May 1935  George Arthur Falconer             (b. 1894 - d. 1981)
                             (acting for Weir)   
 4 May 1935 – 16 Nov 1935  Kenmure Alick Garth Evans-Gordon   (b. 1885 - d. 1960)
                             (acting for Weir)   
29 Jan 1938
- 1939         Elliott James Dowell Colvin        (b. 1885 - d. 1950)
15 Apr 1939 - Jul 1939
     George van Baerle Gillan (1st time)(b. 1890 - d. 1974)
 
4 Jul 1939 - 1942         Clive Kirkpatrick Daly             (b. 1878 - d. 1966)

 1 Oct 1942 - 1943         George van Baerle Gillan (2nd time)(s.a.)
Feb 1943 - 1944            Lionel Westropp Jardine            (b. 1895 - d. 1980)

Residents for Baroda, Western India States and Gujarat States (as of 1947, in charge of
Baroda and Cutch states, and the Eastern Kathiawar, Gujarat and Western Kathiawar Agencies)
 5 Nov 1944 -  6 May 1947  Sir Cyril Percy Hancock            (b. 1896 - d. 1990)

                             (acting to 4 Jul 1945)
 7 May 1947 - 14 Aug 1947  Leonard Coke Wallis                (b. 1900 - d. 1974)



Barwani

[Barwani state flag to 1948
                (India)]

Capital: Barwani
(Sidhanagar c.1640)
Population: 176,666 (1941)
State Troops:
30 (1939)

Salute: 11 guns

836                        Barwani state founded, originally called Avasgarh.
1819                       British protectorate.
1861 - 1873                British India administration.
1880 - 1886
                British India administration.
15 Aug 1947                Accedes to India.
28 May 1948                Merged into Madhya Bharat.

Rulers (title Rana)
1675 - 1700                Jodh Singh                         (d. 1700)
1700                       Mohan Singh I (1st time)           (d. 1731)
1700 - 1708                Parbat Singh                       (d. 1708)
1708 - 1730                Mohan Singh I (2nd time)           (s.a.)
1730 - 1760                Anup Singh                         (d. 1760)
1760 - 1794                Umed Singh                         (d. 1794)
1794 - 1839                Mohan Singh II                     (d. 1839)
1839 - 1861                Jashwant Singh (1st time)          (d. 1880)
1839 - 1854                .... Rajmata of Barwani (f) -Regent
1861 - 1873                Vacant
1873 - 15 Aug 1880         Jashwant Singh (2nd time)          (s.a.)
15 Aug 1880 - 14 Dec 1894  Indrajit Singh                     (b. 1840 - d. 1894)

15 Aug 1880 - Jan 1886     .... Rajmata of Barwani (f) -Regent
14 Dec 1894 - 21 Apr 1930  Ranjit Singh II                    (b. 1888 - d. 1930)
                             (from 1 Jan 1918, Sir Ranjit Singh II)
                             (from 1921, with courtesy style Maharana)
14 Dec 1894 - 12 Jan 1910  Rajmata Dhan Kunwar

                             Basaheba (f) -Regent
22 Apr 1930 -
28 May 1948  Devi Singhji                       (b. 1922 - d. 2007)
                            
(from c.1945, personal style Maharana)
22 Apr 1930 - 1941         Sir Harilal Nemchand Gosalia-Regent(b. 1877 - d. 19..)
                             (chairman of Council of Administration)
1939 - 1943
                Kumari Shri Tejkunuerba Rajmata   
                             of Barwani (f) -
Regent

Dewans (chief ministers)
18.. - 1873                Venkat Ram (superintendent)
1873 - 31 Jul 1885         Muhammad Najaf Khan
Aug 1885 - Aug 1887        Pandit Sham Narain
Oct 1887 - 18 Mar 1890     Munshi Chandi Parshad
18 Mar 1890 - May 1893     Madho Rao Powar
May? 1893 - Dec 1894       Ram Kishen Panth
1895 -  8 Mar 1896         Rao Bahadur Nilkant Janardan Kirtani
                             (superintendent)
Mar 1896 -  1 Mar 1902     Khan Bahadur Khory
1909 - c.1921              Kumar Shri Bharat Singh
                             (= Thakur Bharat Singh)
                             (superintendent to 1910)

17 Apr 1924 - 19..         Thakur Onkar Singh
Dewans (chairman of state council)
 9 May 1930 -  7 Nov 1941  Sir Harilal Nemchand Gosalia       (s.a.)
bf.1942 - af.1946          Pandit A.K. Kaul
                             (also president of State Council
to 1943)



Bashahr

Capital: Rampur Population: 118,305 (1941)
State Troops:
None (1939)

Salute: None

1412                       Bashahr state founded.
1811 - 1815                Occupied by Nepal.
1816                       British protectorate.
 5 Aug 1914 - 30 Nov 1917  British India administration.
15 Aug 1947                Accedes to India.
15 Apr 1948                Merged into Himachal Pradesh (including its feudatory sub-states
                             of Delath and Khaneti).

Ruler (title Rana)
1639 - 1696                Kehri Singh
1696 - 1708                Vijay Singh

1708 - 1725                Udai Singh
1725 - 1761                Ram Singh                           (d. 1761)
1761 - 1785                Udar Singh                          (d. 1785)
1785 - 1811                Ugar Singh                          (d. 1811)
1811 - 1815                occupied by Nepal
1815 -  8 Feb 1816         Mahendra Singh                      (b. 1803 - d. 1850)
Rajas

 
8 Feb 1816 - 1850         Mahendra Singh                      (s.a.)
12 Feb 1850 -  4 Aug 1914  Shamsher Singh                      (b. 1838 - d. 1914)
1887 -  2 Feb 1898         Raghunath Singh -Administrator      (b. 1868 - d. 1898)
1898 - May 1911            Lala Mangat Ram -Manager
May 1911 - Jun 1913        H.W. Emerson -Manager
Jun 1913 5 Aug 1914     Alan Alexander McCaskill Mitchell   (b. 1884 - d. 1941)
                             (
manager)
 5 Aug 1914 - 16 Apr 1947  Padam Singh
(installed 18 Nov 1914) (b. 1873 - d. 1947)
                             (from 1 Jan 1945, Sir Padam Singh)
 5 Aug 1914 - 30 Nov 1917  Alan Alexander McCaskill Mitchell   (s.a.)
                             (
manager)
16 Apr 1947 - 15 Apr 1948  Virbhadra Singh                     (b. 1934 - d. 2021)
16 Apr 1947 - Jan 1948     Shanta Devi Rajmata Sahiba (f) -Regent
                            
(president council regency)

Wazirs (chief ministers)
1850 - 18..                Mansukh Dass
185. - 1859                Param Das (superintendent)
Nov 1917 - 19..            Sukhchain Singh

c.1930/31                  Pandit Chattar Bhuj
c.1939                     Kehr Singh

16 Apr 1947 - Jan 1948     Jagan Nath Joshi 
                             (president council of administration)
Dewan (chief minister)
Jan 1948 - 15 Apr 1948     Sardar Baldev Singh



Basoda

Capital: Basoda Population: 4,442 (1931)
State Troops:
None (1939)

Salute: None

1753                       Basoda (also called Haidargarh-Basoda) state founded as
                             a vassal state of Gwalior.
1817 - 1822                Occupied by Gwalior.
1822                       British protectorate, but remains part of Gwalior as a
                             "guaranteed estate."
c.1875 - 1900              Immediately dependent and directly under the British.
c.1928 - c.1935            Ruler claims separate status from Gwalior, it was under
                             consideration by the British.
28 May 1948                Merged into Madhya Bharat (as part of Gwalior).

Rulers (title Nawab)
1753 - 1786                Ahsan Allah Khan                    (d. 1786)
1786 - 1800                Baqa´ Allah Khan
1800 - 1817                Asad `Ali Khan (1st time)           (d. 1864)
1817 - 1822                occupied by Gwalior
1822 - 1864                Asad `Ali Khan (2nd time)           (s.a.)
 6 Feb 1864 - 11 Jun 1896  `Omar `Ali Khan                     (b. c.1830 - d. 1896)
12 Jun 1896 -  2 Jul 1929  Haydar `Ali Khan Firuz Jung         (b. 1854 - d. 1929)
27 Jul 1929 - 1942         Mohammad Ayyub `Ali Khan Firuz Jung (b. 1877 - d. 1947)
1942 – 28 May 1948         Mohammad Masood Ali Khan Bahadur    (b. 1917 - d. 1976)
                             Firuz Jung



Basohli

c.750 AD                   Basohli state founded.
Jun 1836                   Incorporated into Jammu.

Rajas
1693 - 1725                Diraj Pal                           (d. 1725)
1725 - 1736                Medini Pal                          (b. 1717? - d. 1736)
1736 - 1757                Ajit Pal                            (d. 1757)
1757 - 1776                Amrit Pal                           (b. 1745 - d. 1776)
1776 - 1806                Vijay Pal                           (b. 1763 - d. 1806)
1806 - 1813                Mahendra Pal                        (d. 1813)
1813 - Nov 1834            Bhupendra Pal                       (b. c.1806 - d. 1834)
17 Dec 1834 - Jun 1836     Kalyan Pal                          (b. 1834 - d. 1857) 



Bastar

[Bastar flag to 1948
                (India)]

Map of Bastar Capital: Jagdalpur
Population: 633,888 (1941)  State Forces/Troops:
None  (1939)
Salute: None

1324                       Bastar state founded.
1819                       Status of estate (zamindari) within Nagpur confirmed.
1853                       Ceased being subject to Nagpur, becomes a British protectorate.
11 Jan 1866                Status of state conferred by British authorities.

15 Aug 1947                Accedes to India.
 1 Jan 1948                Merged into Central Provinces.

Rajas
1680 - 1709                Digpal Deo
1709 - 1721                Rajpal Deo
1721 - 1731                Mama
1731 - 1774                Dalpat Deo
1774                       Daryao Deo (1st time)
1774 - 1777                Ajmar Singh Deo
1777 - bf.1819             Daryao Deo (2nd time)
c.1819                     Mahipal Deo
1830 - 1853                Bhopal Deo                         (d. 1853)
27 Aug 1853 - 20 Jul 1891  Bhairam Deo                        (b. 1839 - d. 1891) 
20 Jul 1891 - 16 Nov 1921  Rudra Pratap Deo                   (b. 1885 - d. 1921)
20 Jul 1891 - Jan 1908     the Superintendents -Regency
23 Nov 1921 - 28 Feb 1936  Prafulla Kumari Devi (f) -Rani     (b. 1910 - d. 1936)
                             (from 31 Mar 1933, styled Maharani)
23 Nov 1921 - 28 Feb 1936  the Dewans as Administrators
Maharaja

29 Feb 1936 -  1 Jan 1948  Pravir Chandra Bhanj Deo           (b. 1929 - d. 1966)
29 Feb 1936 -  1 Jan 1948  the Dewans as Administrators

Dewans (chief ministers)
1842 - 1862                Lal Dalganjan Singh                (d. 1863)
1862 - 1867                Moti Singh
1867 - 1881?               Gopinath Kapardas

1881 - 1886                Kalendra Singh
1886 - 1888                Krishna Rao
1888 - Mar 1890            Ganpat Rao Gokle
1890 - 1891                Gopinath Guru                      (d. 1891)

Superintendents
1891 - 1893               
Rama Krishna Rao
1893 - 1896                Pandit Alamchand
1896 - 1899                L.J. Fagan (administrator)
Mar 1899 - Jul 1903        George Whitty Gayer (administrator)(b. 1865 - d. 1945)
1903 - 1908                Rai Bahadur Panda Baijnath
Dewans
1908 - 1910                Rai Bahadur Panda Baijnath
Aug 1910 – May 1913        James May
May 1913 - 16 Apr 1917     Frederick James Langhorne          (b. 18.. - d. 1936)
Apr 1917 – bf.Mar 1918     Mahdi Hassan
1918 - 1923?               Hafiz Mohammad Walayatullah
May 1923 - 1925/27         William Alfred Tucker              (b. 1880 - d. 19..)
Mar 1927 - Mar 1931        Wilfrid Vernon Grigson             (b. 1896 - d. 1948)
Mar 1931 - 1934            Donald Ross Rutnam                 (b. 1902 - d. 1968)
Mar 1934 - Mar 1940        Edgar Stanley Hyde                 (b. 1906 - d. 1981)
Apr 1940 - 1942            Alfred Norval Mitchell             (b. 1906 - d. 1988)
Jan 1942 - 1943            Komaralingam Radhakrishnan         (b. 1909 - d. 19..)
Sep 1943 - Jul 1945        Richmond Keith Molesworth Battye   (b. 1905 - d. 1958)
1945 - Jul 1947            Herbert William Alderson        
Jul 1947 - 1947            Rao Sahib Ragho Raj Singh

British Political Agents for Chhattisgarh Feudatories (from 1933, Chhattisgarh States)(in Raipur;
as of 1947, in charge of the Chhattisgarh states
¹; under the resident for the Eastern States
[see under Mayurbhanj])

1882 - 1939                ....
Oct 1939 - 1941            Robert Richardson Burnett          (b. 1897 - d. 1975)
Nov 1941 - 1943            George Kirkbride                   (b. 1894 - d. 1966)
Jul 1943 - 1944            Leonard George Coke-Wallis         (b. 1900 - d. 1974)
Feb 1944 - 1945            Dudley Hugh Biscoe                 (b. 1909 - d. 1990)
Nov 1945 - 1947            Frederick Charles Leslie Chauncy   (b. 1904 - d. 1986)

 ¹the Chhattisgarh states as of 1947: Bastar, Changbhakar, Chhuikadan, Jashpur, Kalahandi, Kanker, Kawardha, Khairagarh, Korea, Nandgaon, Patna, Raigarh, Sakti, Sarangarh, Surguja, and Udaipur.



Baudh

[Baudh state flag to
                        1948 (India)]
Flag to 1 Jan 1948

[Baudh
                          Royal Flag to 1948 (India)]
Royal Flag to 1 Jan 1948

Capital: Baudhgarh Population: 146,175 (1941)
State Troops:
None (1939)

Salute: None

Nov 1803                   British protectorate.
1806 - 1826                Restored by the British to Nagpur.
1826                       Ceded by Nagpur as an estate back to the British.
21 May 1874                Baudh (Boudh) estate (zamindari) becomes a state again.
Mar 1913 - 31 Mar 1925     State under British India management.
15 Aug 1947                Accedes to India.
 1 Jan 1948                Merged with the Orissa province. 

Rajas
c.1803                     Bishambhar Deo
c.1826                     Chandra Sikhur Deo   
21 May 1874 -  5 Oct 1879  Pitambar Deo                       (b. 1821 - d. 1879)

 5 Oct 1879 - 10 Mar 1913  Jogendra Deo                       (b. 1857 - d. 1913)
10 Mar 1913 -  1 Jan 1948  Narayan Prasad Deo                 (b. 1904 - d. 1956)


Bayar: see Idar


Beja (Bija)

Capital: Beja (Bija) Population: 1,058 (1941)
State Troops:
None (1939)

Salute: None

c.1350                     Beja (Bija) founded.
1790                       Independence from Bilaspur (confirmed 4 Sep 1815).

1803 - 1815                Occupied by Nepal.
1815                       British protectorate.
15 Aug 1947                Accedes to India.
15 Apr 1948                Merged into Himachal Pradesh.

Rulers (title Thakur)
1773 - 1817                Man Chand                          (d. 1817)  
1817 - 1841                Pratap Chand                       (d. 1841)
1841 - 20 Jun 1905         Udai Chand                         (b. 1831 - d. 1905)
20 Jun 1905 -  4 Jun 1939  Puran Chand                        (b. 1896 - d. 1939)
20 Jun 1905 - 22 Jan 1918  Council of Regency
 
4 Jun 1939 - 15 Apr 1948  Lakshmi Chand                      (b. 1916 - d. 1949)

Benares: see Banaras

Bengal: see Bangladesh

Beri (Beri-Bundelkhand)

[Beri (Beri-Bundelkhand to
                1948 (India)]

Capital: Beri Population: 5,092 (1941)
State Troops:
None (1939)

Salute: None

c.1750                     Beri (Beri-Bundelkhand) state founded.
1809                       British protectorate.
15 Aug 1947                Accedes to India.
 4 Apr 1948                Merged into Vindhya Pradesh.
26 Jan 1950                Transferred to Uttar Pradesh.

Rulers (title Diwan)
c.1750                     Acharju Singh
17.. - c.1780              Khuman Singh                        (d. c.1780) 
Rulers (title Rao)
c.1780 - 1814              Jugal Prasad                        (d. 1814)
1814 - 1857                Phairan Singh                       (d. 1857)
1857 - May 1861            Vishvanath Singh                    (d. 1861)
18 Mar 1862 - 21 Oct 1892  Vijay Singh                         (b. 1848 - d. 1892)
21 Oct 1892 -  7 Jun 1904  Raghuraj Singh                      (b. 18.. - d. 1904)
 8 Jun 1904 - 1945         Lokendra Singh                      (b. 1891 - d. 19..)
 8 Jun 1904 -  3 Jun 1914  Maharajkumari ... of Panna (f) -Regent
Raja

1945 -  4 Apr 1948         Yadvendra Singh                     (b. 1918 - d. 1984)



Bhadarwa

Capital: Bhadarwa Population: 13,520 (1941)
State Troops:
None (1939)

Salute: None

1483                       Bhadarwa state founded.
1820 - 1948                Part of the Gujarat (to 1944, Rewa Kantha) semi-jurisdictional
                             states (see under Jambughoda).
1943 - 15 Aug 1947         Attached (the British jurisdictional authority granted) to Baroda.
15 Aug 1947                Accedes to India.
10 Jun 1948                Merged into Bombay (from 1 May 1960, state of Gujarat).

Rulers (title Shrimat Thakur Sahib Shri; from c.1840, Thakur Rana)

1722 - 1781                Adesinhji I
1781 - 1783                Dalpatsinhji
1782 - 1825                Pratapsinhji Adesinhji              (d. 1825)
1826 - 1842                Jhalamsinhji Pratapsinhji           (d. 1842)
1842 - 1879                Sardarsinhji Pratapsinhji           (b. 1812 - d. 1879)
1880 - 1888                Adesinhji II Sardarsinhji           (d. 1888)
26 Jan 1888 - 1912         Fatehsinhji Sardarsinhji            (b. 1847 - d. 1912)
1912 - 25 Oct 1917         Amarsinhji                          (b. c.1900 - d. 1917)
1912 - 27 Feb 1918         Agency manager -Regent
14 Dec 1917 - 27 Apr 1935  Ranjitsinhji Amarsinhji             (b. 1875 - d. 1935)
27 Apr 1935 - 10 Jun 1948  Natwarsinhji Ranjitsinhji           (b. 1903 - d. 1950)

Karbhari (state managers)
c.1888 - c.1889)           Patidar Bhailal Varajbhai
1889 - Jun 1894            Dadabhai Hormasji Nanavati
Jun 1894 - 11 Jul 1896     Chamanrai Harrai
12 Jul 1896 - 189.         Manibhai Haribhai   
c.1897 - c.1898            Bhailal Varajbhai  
c.1900 - c.1901            Ganpatram Jebhai
 4 Mar 1910 - 19..         Chhaganlal Hargovindas 
bf.1942 - af.1946          Janardanray M. Vachharajani


Bhadrawa (Bhadrawah)

10th cent.                 Bhadrawa founded possibly as an estate (jagir) later becoming a
                             state (as a tributary to Chamba).

c.1628 - 1782              Tributary to Basohli.
1783 - 1821                Tributary to Chamba.
Jun 1821                   Annexed to Chamba.
1845                       Annexed to Jammu.
16 Mar 1846                Ceded by the British government to Jammu and Kashmir.

Rajas
1691 - 1707                Abhaya Pal                          (d. 1707)
1707 - 1735                Medini Pal
1735 - 1770                Sampat Pal                          (b. 1710 - d. 1770)
1770 - 1790                Fateh Pal                           (b. 1732 - d. 1790)
1790 - 1794                Daya Pal (1st time)                 (b. 1756 - d. af.1810)
1794 - ....                Bhup Chand                          (d. 1810)
.... - 1810
               Daya Pal (2nd time)                 (s.a.)
1810 - Jun 1821            Pahar Chand                         (b. 1789 - d. 18..)



Bhaisaunda

[Bhaisaunda state to
                1948 (India)]

Capital: Bhaisaunda Population: 5,147 (1941)
State Troops:
30 (1939)

Salute: None

1812                       Bhaisaunda state founded, the British recognize an
                             estate (jagir) as a state.
15 Aug 1947                Acceded to India.
 4 Apr 1948                Merged into Vindhya Pradesh (transferred to Uttar Pradesh 26 Jan 1950).


Rulers (title Chaube; from 1885, Rao Chaube)
1812 - 1829                Newal Kishor                        (d. 1829)
1829 - 18..                Acharju Sing                        (b. c.1819 - d. ....)
1829 - 1840                Zirat Prasad -Regent
1840? - 10 Oct 1885        Tirath Prasad                       (b. 1822 - d. 1885)
10 Oct 1885 -  8 Jan 1916  Chhatarsal Prasad                   (b. 1877 - d. 1916)
                            
(from 25 Jun 1909, Rao Bahadur)
10 Oct 1885 - 1896         Gaya Pershad -Regent
 8 Jan 1916 -  4 Nov 1916  Bharat Prasad                       (b. 1884 - d. 1916)

 4 Nov 1916 - 1947         Govind Prasad                       (b. 1884 - d. af.1948)
1947 -  4 Apr 1948         Lalit Kishore                       (b. 1913 - d. 19..) 



Bhajji

Capital: Suni Population: 16,474 (1941) State Troops:
None (1939)

Salute: None

bf.1800                    Bhajji state founded.
1803 - 1815                Occupied by Nepal.
21 Sep 1815                British protectorate.
15 Aug 1947                Accedes to India.
15 Apr 1948                Merged into Himachal Pradesh.

Rulers (title Rana)
.... - ....                Amrit Pal
1800 - 1803                Rudrapal (1st time)                (d. 1842)
1803 - 1815                occupied by Nepal
1815 - 1842                Rudrapal (2nd time)                (s.a.)
1842 - 1875                Bahadur Singh                      (b. c.1824 - d. 1875)
18 Nov 1875 -  8 May 1913  Durga Singh                        (b. 1842 - d. 1913)
 9 May 1913 -  8 Sep 1940  Bipal Indra Singh                  (b. 1904 - d. 1961)
 9 May 1913 - 22 Feb 1918  Council of Regency
 8 Sep 1940 - 15 Apr 1948  Ram Chandra Pal Singh              (b. 1928 - d. 2012)



Bharatpur
 
[Bharatpur
                          1890-c.1943 (India)]
1890 - c.1943
[Bharatpur
                          c.1943-1948 (India)]
c.1943 - 10 Mar 1948
Capital: Bharatpur Population: 575,625 (1941) State Forces/Troops:
700 (1939)

Salute: 17 guns

 7 Mar 1722                Badan Singhji, Raja of Deeg installed as ruler of the Jats
                             by Maharaja Jai Singhji II of Jaipur.
1752                       Bharatpur founded and becomes name of state.

24 Dec 1805                British protectorate (by treaty), confirmed 18 Jan 1828.
15 Aug 1947                Accedes to India.
Feb 1948 - Mar 1948        Administered by India.
18 Mar 1948                Merged into Matsya
(from 15 May 1949, Rajasthan).

Maharajas
 
7 Mar 1722 - 21 May 1755  Brijraj Badan Singh                (d. 1755)
                             (from 1750, styled Raja Mahendra)
21 May 1755 - 25 Dec 1763  Sujanji Singh (Suraj Mal)          (b. 1707 - d. 1763)
25 Dec 1763 - 27 Aug 1768  Jawahir Singh                      (d. 1768)
28 Aug 1768 - 11 Apr 1769  Ratan Singh                        (d. 1769)
22 Aug 1768 - 11 Apr 1769  Dan Shahi -Regent
11 Apr 1769 - 28 Mar 1778  Keshri Singh                       (b. 1766 - d. 1778)
11 Apr 1769 - 11 Aug 1775  Nihal Singh -Regent                (b. 17.. - d. 1775)
11 Aug 1775 - 28 Mar 1778  Ranjit Singh -Regent               (d. 1805)
28 Mar 1778 -  6 Dec 1805  Ranjit Singh                       (s.a.)
 6 Dec 1805 -  7 Oct 1823  Randhir Singh                      (d. 1823)
 7 Oct 1823 - 26 Feb 1825  Baldeo Singh                       (d. 1825)
26 Feb 1825 - 28 Mar 1825  Balwant Singh (1st time)           (b. 1819 - d. 1853)
28 Mar 1825 - 19 Jan 1826  Durjan Sal (usurper)
19 Jan 1826 - 21 Mar 1853  Balwant Singh (2nd time)           (s.a.)
19 Jan 1826 - 1826         Maharani Sri Maji Sahiba Gangawaue  
                             Miraj Kaurji Sahiba (f) -
Regent
1826 - 1835                Council of Regency
21 Mar 1853 - 12 Dec 1893  Jashwant Singh                     (b. 1851 - d. 1893)

                             (from 1 Jan 1877, Sir Jashwant Singh)
21 Mar 1853 - 1855         Dhao Giyasi Ram -Regent
1855 - 1872                .... -Regent
                             (political agent, head of regency council)

12 Dec 1893 - 27 Aug 1900  Ram Singh                          (b. 1873 - d. 1929)

                             (suspended from 10 Aug 1900)
27 Aug 1900 - 27 Mar 1929  Kishan Singh                       (b. 1899 - d. 1929)
                             (from 1 Jan 1926, Sir Kishen Singh)
10 Aug 1900 - 28 Nov 1918  Regents
                           - Maharani Sri Maji Sahiba Bibiji 
(b. 18.. - d. 1922)
                               Giriraj Kaurji (f)
                          
- Dhau Bakhshi Raghubir Singh      (b. 1863 - d. 19..)
 9
Feb 1928 - 27 Mar 1929  Duncan George Mackenzie -Regent    (b. 1883 - d. 1965)
                             (administrator) 
27 Mar 1929 - 18 Mar 1948  Brijendra Singh                    (b. 1918 - d. 1995)

27 Mar 1929 - 22 Oct 1939  Regents (from 1 Nov 1930, presidents of Council of State)
                           - Duncan George Mackenzie          (s.a.)
                              (to 25 Mar 1930, acting 17-27 Mar 1933)
                              (administrator)
                           - Kenneth Samuel Fitze (acting)    (b. 1887 - d. 1960)
                              (27 Feb - 27 Mar 1930)
                           -
Henry William Cumine Robson      (b. 1886 - d. 1942)
                              ((25 Mar 1930 - 5 May 1932)

                           - Cyril Percy Hancock              (b. 1896 - d. 1990)
                              (5 May 1932 - Aug 1935)
                           - Herbert John Todd                (b. 1893 - d. 1985)
                              (May – Aug 1936)
                           - Sir George Richard Tottenham    
(b. 1890 - d. 1977)
                              (1935-1936 and Mar 1938 - 22 Oct 1939)
                           - Kumara Padmanabha Sivasankara    (b. 1898 - d. 1982)
                               Menon
(1936-1938)        

Dewans (chief ministers)
1826                       Jani Baij Nath
1826 - 1853                Har Sewak
1853 - 1855                Dhao Giyasi Ram
1855 - 1858                Lala Bhola Nath
                             (tutor of the ruler 1858-1869)
1858 - 1868                Ram Pershad
1868 - 1893                the ruler
1893 - 1895                Council
                           - Devi Singh
                           - Bakshi Gobind Singh
                           - Dhao Zorawar Singh
                           - Raghubir Singh
                           - Pandit Bishen Lal
1895 - 1898                Kanwar Harbhamji Rawaji            (b. 1863 - d. 19..)
1898 - 1917?               the Political agents Eastern Rajputana states
Senior members of the Council
.... - Nov 1901            Munshi Brij Lal                    (d. 1901)
Dec 1902 - c.1905          Rao Sahib Damodar Lal
c.1910 - c.1917            Raja Raghunath Singh               (b. 1887 - d. 19..)
1920 - 1923                Dhau Bakhshi Raghubir Singh        (s.a.)
                             (president c.1922-23)
Dewans (chief ministers)
c.1925                     Bakshi Sawal Singh
1926 - 1927                Lal Chand Chaudhri (1st time)

Apr 1927 - Oct 1927        Raja Hari Kishan Kaul              (b. 1869 – d. 1941)
Nov 1930 - 23 May 1932     Raja Raghunath Singh               (s.a.)
                             (senior member of the Council)

May? 1932 - c.1934         Rai Sahib Lala Ram Lal Batra
                             (senior member under
Hancock)
1934 - 1935?               Lal Chand Chaudhri (2nd time)

Oct 1939 - 30 Mar 1940     Sir George Richard Tottenham       (s.a.)
                             (also president of State Council)
31 Mar
1940 - Feb 1943     Kumara Padma Sivasankara Menon     (b. 1898 - d. 1982)
Feb 1943 - 1944            A.V. Ramanathan
21 Jun 1944 - 1944         Munshi Mohammad Jamil Uddin
1944 - af.1946             Thakur Hukam Singh
Prime minister
Jan 1948 - Feb 1948        Rai Bahadur Suraj Mal
Indian Administrator
Feb 1948 - Mar 1948        Anand Narayan Sapru                (b. 1901 - d. 19..)

British Political Agents for Eastern Rajputana States (in Bharatpur; as of 1947, in
charge of the Eastern Rajputana states
¹; under the resident in Rajputana [see under Sirohi]) 
1869 - Dec 1938            ....
Dec 1938 - 1941            Joseph Herbert Thompson            (b. 1898 - d. 1984)
Mar 1941 - 1942            Alexander Alfred Russell (1st time)(b. 1898 - d. 1967)
Aug 1942 - 1944            Henry Mortimer Poulton (1st time)  (b. 1898 - d. 1973)
Oct 1944 - 1945            Alexander Alfred Russell (2nd time)(s.a.)
Feb 1945 - 1946            Henry Mortimer Poulton (2nd time)  (s.a.)
Feb 1946 - 1947            Louis Alexander Gordon Pinhey      (b. 1901 - d. 1988)

 ¹the Eastern Rajputana states as of 1947: Bharatpur, Bundi, Dholpur, Jhalawar, Karauli and Kotah.



Bhavnagar
 
[Bhavnagar to
                          1948 (India)]
State Flag to 15 Feb 1948
[Bhavnagar
                          Merchant flag 1921-1947 (India)]
2 Aug 1921 - 14 Aug 1947 Merchant Flag
Capital: Bhavnagar
(Shihor 1570-1723,
Umrala 1309-1570)
Population: 618,429 (1941) State Forces/Troops:
1,220 (1939)

Salute: 13 guns

1194                       Predecessor state of Sejakpur founded.
1254                       Rainpur state.
1309                       Umrala state.
1570                       Sihor state.
1723                       Bhavnagar founded and becomes name of state.
1807                       British protectorate.
15 Aug 1947                Accedes to India.
15 Feb 1948                Merged into
Saurashtra.
 1 Nov 1956                Part of Bombay (from 1 May 1960, Gujarat).

Rulers (title Thakur Sahib)
1660 - 1703                Ratanji II Akherajji               (b. 16.. - d. 1703)
1703 - 1764                Bhavsinhji I Ratanji               (b. 1683 - d. 1764)
1764 - 1772                Akherajji III Bhavsimhji           (b. 1714 - d. 1772)
1772 - 1816                Wakhatsimhji Akherajji             (b. 1748 - d. 1816)
1816 - 1852                Wajesimhji Wakhatsimhji            (b. 1780 - d. 1852)
1852 - 1854                Akherajji IV Bhavsimhji            (b. 1817 - d. 1854)
1854 - 11 Apr 1870         Jashwantsimhji Bhavsimhji          (b. 1827 - d. 1870)
                             (from 24 May 1866, Sir Jashwantsimhji Bhavsimhji)
11 Apr 1870 - 29 Jan 1896  Takhatsimhji Jashwantsimhji        (b. 1858 - d. 1896)

                             (from 24 May 1881, Sir Takhatsimhji Jashwantsimhji
                             (from 1891, personal style Maharaja)
11 Apr 1870 -  5 Apr 1878  Regency
                           - Azam Gavarishankar               (b. 1805 - d. 1891)
                               Udayashankar
                              (
11 Apr 1870 - Mar 1877)
                           - Edward Hope Percival             (b. 1836 - d. 1904)
                              (1870 - Feb 1877)
                           - John W. Watson
(Feb-29 Jul 1877) (b. 1829 - d. 1919)
                           - William Chase Parr               (b. 1826 - d. 1895)
                               (from 29 Jul 1877)
29 Jan 1896 -  1 Jan 1918  Bhavsimhji II Takhatsimhji         (b. 1875 - d. 1919)

                             (from 24 Jun 1904, Sir Bhavsimhji II Takhatsimhji)
                             (
from 1 Jan 1909, personal style Maharaja)
Maharajas

 1 Jan 1918 - 16 Jul 1919  Sir Bhavsimhji II Takhatsimhji     (s.a.)
16 Jul 1919 - 15 Feb 1948  Krishnakumarsimhji Bhavsimhji      (b. 1912 - d. 1965)
                             (from 9 Jun 1938, Sir Krishnakumarsimhji Bhavsimhji)
16 Jul 1919 - 18 Apr 1931 
Sir Prabhashankar Dalpatram        (b. 1862 - d. 1938)
                            
Pattani -Regent

                            (president council of administration from 11 Feb 1920)

Dewans (chief ministers)
c.1817                     Jibhai Raghavji
1817 - 18..                Pramanandas Ranchordas (1st time)
bf.1822 - 1826             Narsidas Ladharam
1826 – 1828                Shewakram Rajaram Desai
1828 - 1846                Pramanandas Ranchordas (2nd time)
1846 - 23 Jan 1879         Azam Gaurishankar Udayashankar     (s.a.)
                           + Desai Santokram Shewakram
                             (1847 - c.1866)
Jan 1879 - Aug 1884        Azam Samaldas Parmanandas Mehta    (b. 1828 - d. 1884)
1884 – 25 Oct 1899         Vithaldas Samaldas Mehta
 2 Nov 1899 - 16 Jan 1900  Barjorji Behramji (acting)
16 Jan 1900 - 19 Feb 1902  Azam Vajeshankar Gavrishankar
19 Feb 1902 - 1914         Prabhashankar Dalpatram Pattani    (s.a.)
                            
(1st time)
1912 - 1914                Tribhuvandas Kalidas Trivedi
                             (acting for absent
Pattani)
1914 - Jul 1919            Murarji Anandji Tana
                             (acting to 21 Feb 1916)
1916                       Tribhuvandas Kalidas Trivedi
                             (acting)
29 Jul 1919 - 11 Feb 1920  William Courtenay Tudor-Owen       (b. 1877 - d. 19..)
11 Feb 1920 - 18 Apr 1931  Post abolished
18 Apr 1931 - 16 Feb 1938  Sir Prabhashankar Dalpatram        (s.a.)
                             Pattani (2nd time)
1938 - Jan 1948            Anantrai Prabhashankar Pattani     (b. 1888 - d. 19..)
Prime minister
Jan 1948 - Feb 1948        Balwantrai Gopalji Mehta           (b. 1900 - d. 1965)  AISPC



Bhopal

[Bhopal flag to
                        1949 (India)]
Flag to 1 Jun 1949

[Bhopal Nawab
                          Begam flag to 1949 (India)]
Ruler's Flag to 1 Jun 1949

Map of Bhopal Capital: Bhopal
(Islamnagar 1728-1742)
Population: 785,322 (1941) Salute: 19 guns
Constitution
(None)
State Forces: 1,077 (1945) Ethnic groups: Hindustani
98%, other 2% (1941)
Religions: Hindu 76%,
Muslim 14%, traditional 9%,
Jains, other 1% (1941)

1723                       Bhopal state founded.
23 Dec 1817                British protectorate, confirmed 8 Mar 1818 (by treaty)(early
                             English spelling Bopaul).

26 Aug 1947                Accession to India.
 1 Jun 1949                Integrated as a province of India.

Rulers (title Nawabs)
1723 - Mar 1728            Dost Mohammad Khan                 (b. 1657 - d. 1728)
Mar 1728 - 1742            Soltan Mohammad Khan               (b. 1720 - d. ....)
                             (
nominal only after 30 Aug 1728)
Mar 1728 - 30 Aug 1728     Sardar Akil Mohammad Khan -Regent  (d. 1739)
30 Aug 1728 - 1742         Yar Mohammad Khan -Regent          (b. 1709 - d. 1742)
                             (de facto ruler)

1742 - 12 Dec 1777         Faiz Mohammad Khan                 (b. 1731 - d. 1777)
1742 - 1762/63             Regency
                           - Mamola Bai Sahiba (f)            (b. 1715 - d. 1795)
                           - Raja Bijai Ram                   (d. 1762/63)
12 Dec 1777 - 30 Jan 1778  Bahu Begam (f) -Regent
30 Jan 1778 -  6 Nov 1808  Hayat Mohammad Khan                (b. 1736 - d. 1808)

 
6 Nov 1808 - 16 Mar 1816  Wazir al-Molk Wazir Mohammad       (b. 1765 - d. 1816)
                             Khan -Regent (de facto ruler)
23 Nov 1808
- 28 Aug 1826  Ghows (Ghaus) Mohammad Khan        (b. 1767 - d. 1826)
17 Mar 1816 - 11 Nov 1819  Naser al-Dowla Naser Mohammad      (b. c.1798 - d. 1819)
                             Khan -Regent (de facto ruler)
11 Nov 1819 - 30 Nov 1837  Qodsiyya Begam (f) -Regent         (b. 1801 - d. 1881)
                             (= Gohur Begam)(de facto ruler)

28 Aug 1826 - 30 Nov 1837  Mo'izz Mohammad Khan               (b. c.1795 - d. 1869)
30 Nov 1837 -  9 Dec 1844  Jahangir Mohammad Khan             (b. 1816 - d. 1844)
Rulers (title Nawab Begam)
 9 Dec 1844 - 30 Apr 1860  Soltan Shah Jahan Begam (f)        (b. 1838 - d. 1901)
                             (1st time)              
 9 Dec 1844 - 30 Apr 1860  Sikander Begam (f) -Regent         (b. 1817 - d. 1868)
21 Jan 1845 -  3 Jan 1847  Mian Faujdar Mohammad Khan -Regent (b. 1811 - d. af.1847)
30 Apr 1860 - 30 Oct 1868  Sikander Begam (f)                 (s.a.)

                             (from 25 Jun 1861, Dame Sikander Begam)
30 Oct 1868 - 16 Jun 1901  Soltan Shah Jahan Begam (f)        (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
                             (from 31 May 1872, Dame Soltan Shah Jahan Begam)           
16 Jun 1901 - 29 Apr 1926  Soltan Kaykhosrow Jahan Begam (f)  (b. 1858 - d. 1930)
                             (from 1 Jan 1910, Dame Soltan Kaykhosrow Jahan Begam)
Ruler (title Nawab) 
29 Apr 1926
-  1 Jun 1949  Mohammad Hamidollah Khan Iskandar
                             Sowlat Iftikhar al-Molk Bahadur  (b. 1894 - d. 1960)
                            (from 3 Jun 1929, Sir Mohammad Hamidollah
                             Khan Iskandar Sowlat Iftikhar al-Molk Bahadur)

Wazirs (chief ministers)
1742 - 1762/63             Raja Bijai Ram                     (s.a.)
1762/63                    Ghasi Ram                          (d. c.1763?)
1762/63 - 1768?            Gairat Khan                        (d. 1768?)
1768? - 17..               Lala Kesri                         (d. 17..)
17.. - Dec 1777            Yasin Mohammad Khan                (d. 1777)
1778 - 1780                Faulad Khan                        (d. 1780)
13 Nov 1780 - 18 Jan 1795  Chutta (Chhote) Khan               (b. c.1740 - d. 1795)
1795                       Amir Mohammad Khan                 (d. 1854)
1795 - 1796                Himmat Ram
12 Nov 1796 - 1798         Murid Mohammad Khan                (d. 1798)
1798                       Akbar Khan
1798 - 16 Mar 1816         Wazir al-Molk Wazir Mohammad       (s.a.)
                             Khan
17 Mar 1816 - 11 Nov 1819  Naser al-Dowla Naser Mohammad      (s.a.)
                             Khan
1819 - 1820                Munir Mohammad Khan
1820 -  1 Jan 1829         Hakim Shehzade Masih               (b. 1772 - d. 1829)
                             (= Balthazar Bourbon)
c.1837                     Raja Kushwakt Rai
18.. - 1845                Asad Ali Khan
11 Apr 1845 -  3 Jan 1847  Mian Faujdar Mohammad Khan         (s.a.)
1847 - 18..                Raja Khushwakt Rai
1857 - 30 Sep 1871         Mehrban Masih                      (b. 1830 - d. 1871)
                             (= Sébastian Angelus Balthazar de Bourbon)
18.. - 1882                Mohammad Jamaluddin Khan           (d. 1882)
1882? - ....               Abd'al Latif Khan      
c.1901 - 15 Jun 1902       Khan Bahadur Abdul Zabbar (Jabbar)
Jun 1902 - 1904            the ruler
16 Sep 1904 - 1908         Maulvi Nizamuddin Hasan
1908 - 13 Mar 1912         Khan Bahadur Maulvi Syed Nasiruddin       
1912 - 19..                Maulvi Mohammad Ahmad
16 Apr 1916 - 1926         Haji Mohammad Hamidullah Khan
                             (chief secretary)
Presidents of the State (from 1939, Executive) Council
1926 -  6 Nov 1933         Sir Oswald Vivian Bosanquet        (b. 1866 - d. 1933)
 1 Nov 1934 - 1945         Raja Oudh Narain Bisarya           (b. 1878 - d. 19..)
                             (from 2 Jun 1943, Raja Sir Oudh Narain Bisarya)
Aug 1945 -
11 Apr 1947     Sir Joseph William Bhore           (b. 1878 - d. 1960)
Prime ministers

11 Apr 1947 - Dec 1948     Raja Sir Oudh Narain Bisarya       (s.a.)
Dec 1948 - 29 Jan 1949     Pandit Chatur Narain Malviya       (b. 1900 - d. 1985)  INC
29 Jan 1949 -  1 Jun 1949  the Nawab

British Political Agents in Bhopal (as of 1947, in charge of Bhopal and several
smaller states
¹; under the British resident for Central India [see under Indore])
1818                       Josiah Stewart                     (b. 1781 - d. 1839)
1818 - 26 Aug 1824         William Henley                     (b. 1786? - d. 1824)
1824                       J. Johnstone (acting)
1824 - 1828                Thomas Herbert Maddock             (b. 1790 - d. 1870)
1828 - 1834                Nathaniel Alves                    (b. 1788 - d. 1875)
1834 - 1839                Lancelot Wilkinson (1st time)      (b. 1805 - d. 1841) 
1839 - 1840                William Riddle
1840 - 1841                Lancelot Wilkinson (2nd time)      (s.a.)  
14 Nov 1841 - 12 Jun 1842  John Edmondstoune Landers          (b. 1802 - d. 1885)
1842 -  9 Dec 1845         Henry Willoughby Trevelyan         (b. 1803 - d. 1876)
1846 - 1849                Joseph Davey Cunningham            (b. 1812 - d. 1851)
1849 - 1850                William Frederick Eden (1st time)  (b. 1814 - d. 1867)
                             (acting)
1850 - 16 Dec 1853         Henry Marion Durand                (b. 1812 - d. 1871)

16 Dec 1853 - 1854         S.D. Townshead
 
1 Feb 1854 - 1854         Samuel Charters MacPherson         (b. 1806 - d. 1860)
Jun 1854 -
22 Sep 1856     William Frederick Eden (2nd time)  (s.a.)
22 Sep 1856 - 29 Mar 1859  William Henry Rickards             (b. 1809 - d. 1884)
29 Mar 1859 - 1859         William Gordon-Cumming
15 May 1859 - 17 Mar 1860  Alexander Ross Elliot Hutchinson   (b. 1825 - d. 1908)
                             (1st time)
17 Mar 1860 - 1861         A.L. McMullin
1861 - 1863
                Alexander Ross Elliot Hutchinson   (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
1863 - 19 Jan 1874         John William Willoughby-Osborne    (b. 1833 - d. 1881)
                             (1st time)
17 Mar 1869 –  7 Apr 1869  John Reef Ouseley
                             (
acting for Osborne)
 7 Apr 1869 - 25 Mar 1871  Edward Thomson (acting for Osborne)
21 Jan 1874 – 31 Jan 1874  Robert Graeme Elphinstone Dalrymple(b. 1844 - d. 1908)
                             (acting)
31 Jan 1874 - Oct 1875     Henry Clements Barstow (acting)    (b. 1838 - d. 1922)
1875 - 1876                John William Willoughby-Osborne    (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
1876 - Sep 1876            Hamilton Forbes (interim)          (b. 1824 - d. 1891)
Sep 1876 - 17 Jul 1878     William Kincaid (1st time)         (b. 1831 - d. 1909)
17 Jul 1878 - 29 Mar 1879  John William Willoughby-Osborne    (s.a.)
                             (3rd time)
29 Mar 1879 – 29 Nov 1880  William Francis Prideaux           (b. 1840 - d. 1914)
29 Nov 1880 -  8 Jun 1881  Patrick Wilson Bannerman           (b. 1833 - d. 1912)
 8 Jun 1881 - 1887         William Kincaid (2nd time)         (s.a.)
Feb 1885 - May 1885        Donald Robertson                   (b. 1847 - d. 1930)
                             (acting for Kincaid)
Mar 1887 - 1890            Henry Wylie                        (b. 1844 - d. 1918)
 
8 Jul 1889 –  8 Oct 1889  George Richard Peart               (b. 1840 - d. 1922)
                             (acting for Wylie)
Jul 1890 - Apr 1891        Arthur Henry Temple Martindale     (b. 1854 - d. 1942)
Apr 1891 – May 1891        George Richard Peart               (s.a.)
May 1891 – 1891            Charles Ransford
1891 – Dec 1891            Sir Donald Robertson               (b. 1847 - d. 1930)
Dec 1891 – 17 May 1897     Malcolm John Meade                 (b. 1854 - d. 1933)
1894                       Michael Augustus Tighe             (b. 1861 - d. 1932)
                             (acting for Meade)
 1 May 1895 - 27 Jun 1895  Lawrence Impey (1st time)(acting)  (b. 1862 - d. 1944)
27 Jun 1895 – 11 Jul 1895 
Arthur Henry Coles Dane            (b. 1852 - d. 1903)
11 Jul 1895 – 1896         Joseph Henry Newill                (b. 1844 - d. 1929)
1896                       Charles Arnold Kemball             (b. 1860 - d. 1943)
May 1897 - 1899            Lindsay Sherwood Newmarch          (b. 1857 - d. 1930)
1899 - 1900                Oswald Vivian Bosanquet            (s.a.)
                             (acting)
Dec 1900 - Mar 1902        John Lang
Mar 1902 - Jun 1904        Lawrence Impey (2nd time)          (s.a.)
10 Jun 1904 - 18 Jun 1904  John Wemyss Grant (1st time)       (b. 1869 - d. 1949)
                             (acting) 
Jun 1904 - 1905            John Manners-Smith                 (b. 1864 - d. 1920)
Mar 1905 -  2 Aug 1905     Charles Hamerton Pritchard         (b. 1863 - d. 1916)
 3 Aug 1905 - 21 Nov 1905  Charles Eckford Luard              (b. 1869 - d. 1927)
21 Nov 1905 – 12 Feb 1906  John Russell Colquhoun Colvin      (b. 1858 - d. 1935)
13 Feb 1906 –  5 Mar 1906  John Wemyss Grant (2nd time)       (s.a.)
                             (acting) 
 6 Mar 1906 - 1910         Steuart Farqharson Bayley          (b. 1863 - d. 1938)
                             (1st time)
Apr 1910 - 1912            Philip Trevor Augustine Spence     (b. 1865 - d. 19..)
Mar 1912 - Jul 1920        Walter Stewart Davis               (b. 1865 - d. 1946)
1913 - 1914                Steuart Farqharson Bayley          (s.a.)
                             (2nd time) (acting)
1918 - 1919                Charles Aitchison Smith (acting)   (b. 1871 - d. 1940)
Mar 1919 - 1920
            Charles Eckford Luard (1st time)   (b. 1869 - d. 1927)
18 Apr 1920 - 1921         Christopher Birdwood McConaghy     (b. 1877 - d. 1939?)
                             (acting)
29 Apr 1921 - 23 Oct 1921  Hugh Robert Norman Pritchard       (b. 1879 - d. 1967)
                             (acting)
1921 - 1923                Charles Eckford Luard (2nd time)   (s.a.)
21 Jun 1923 - 18 Feb 1924  Leslie Maurice Crump               (b. 1875 - d. 1929)
14 Mar 1924 - 1925         Arthur Roylance Jelf               (b. 1875 - d. 1939)
 9 Apr 1925 – 24 Nov 1926  Cecil Hamilton Gabriel             (b. 1879 - d. 1947)
12 Oct 1926 –  6 May 1927  Walter Gordon Neale (1st time)     (b. 1880 - d. 1966)
 6 May 1927 – 30 Jun 1927  Harold Wilberforce-Bell            (b. 1885 - d. 1956)
1927                       Denis Grey Wilson (1st time)       (b. 1880 - d. 1964)
20 Aug 1927 – 25 May 1928  Walter Gordon Neale (2nd time)     (s.a.)
26 May 1928 - 1928         Denis Grey Wilson (2nd time)       (s.a.)
1928 - 1929                Wilfrid James Simpson (acting)     (b. 1885 - d. 19..)
21 Mar 1929 – 10 Sep 1930  Leonard Glyde Lavington Evans      (b. 1888 - d. 1976)
 5 Oct 1930 – 23 Nov 1930  Reginald Graham Hinde              (b. 1887 - d. 1982)
24 Nov 1930 –  4 Apr 1931  Duncan George Mackenzie            (b. 1883 - d. 1956)
14 Apr 1931 – 23 Apr 1933  Reginald Graham Hinde              (b. 1887 - d. 1971)
23 Apr 1933 – 14 Nov 1933  Lionel Edward Lang                 (b. 1885 - d. 1956)
15 Nov 1933 – 12 Aug 1935  Henry William Cumine Robson        (b. 1886 - d. 1942)
                             (1st time)(acting)

13 Aug 1935 – 18 Jan 1936  W
illiam le Belward Egerton         (b. 1901 - d. 1947)
20 Jan 1936 – 25 Mar 1936  Henry William Cumine Robson        (s.a.)
                            
(2nd time)
26 Mar 1936 – Sep 1939
    Geoffrey Baynton Williams          (b. 1896 - d. 1981)

24 Sep 1936 –  1 Nov 1936  Derrick Gordon Harington Hawes     (b. 1907 - d. 1986)
                             (acting for Williams)
Sep 1939 - 1940            Philip Gaisford                    (b. 1891 - d. 1973)
Feb 1940 - 1940            Leonard Coke Wallis                (b. 1900 - d. 1974)
 9 Apr 1940 - 1942         Cosmo Grant Niven Edwards          (b. 1896 - d. 1964)
15 Nov 1942 - 1944?        George Arthur Falconer             (b. 1894 - d. 1981)
Apr 1944 - 1945            Cecil Walter Lewery Harvey         (b. 1897 - d. 1958)
May 1945 - 1945            John Richard Landon Bradshaw       (b. 1896 - d. 1984)
14 Nov 1945 - 1947         Basil Woods-Ballard                (b. 1900 - d. 1980)
1947 - Aug 1947            Anthony Edward Gains Davy          (b. 1908 - d. ....)
 

 ¹as of 1947: Bhopal, Dewas Junior, Dewas Senior, Khilchipur, Kurwai, Makrai, Muhammadgarh, Narsingarh, Pathari, and Rajgarh.



Bhor

[Bhor state to 1948 (India)]

Capital: Bhor Population: 155,981 (1941) State Troops:
80 (1939)

Salute: 9 guns

1697                       Bhor estate (jagir) founded.
1697 -  5 Apr 1848        
Tributary of Satara.
1792 - 1793                Under Maratha Peshwa's administration.
22 Apr 1820                British protectorate.
1848                       Bhor recognized as a state.
15 Aug 1947                Accedes to India.
 8 Mar 1948                Merged into Bombay (from 1 May 1960, state of Maharashtra).

Rulers (title Pant Sachiv)
1697 - 1707/12             Shankarji Narayan                  (d. 1707/12) 
1707/12 - Mar 1737         Naro                               (d. 1737)
1707/12 - 17..             Shrimant Yesubaisaheb (f) -Regent
1737 - 1757                Chimnaji I                         (d. 1757) 

1757 - 1787                Sadasiv Rao                        (d. 1787)
1787 - 1791                Raghunath Rao "Baba Sahib"         (d. 1791)
1791 - 1798                Shankr Rao I                       (d. 1798)
1792 - 1793                Baji Moreshwar -Administrator
1798 - 1827                Chimnaji Rao II                    (d. 1827)

1798 - 1813                Shrimant Taisaheb (f) -Regent
1813 - 1814?               Appasaheb Nimbalkar -Regent
1827 - 1837                Raghunath Rao I Chimnaji Rao       (d. 1837)
                             "Rao Sahib"

1827 - 1835                Shrimant Bhavanibaisaheb (f)-Regent
1837 - 12 Feb 1871         Chimnaji Rao III Raghunath Rao     (b. 1833 - d. 1871)

1837 - 1839                Shrimant Gangabaisaheb (f) -Regent (d. 1839)
1839 - 1852                Regents (the Karbharis)
12 Feb 1871 - 17 Jul 1922  Shankr Rao II Chimnaji Rao         (b. 1854 - d. 1922)

                             "Rao Sahib"
1871 - 1873                Shrimant Maisaheb (f) -Regent      (d. 1873)
1873 - 20 Jul 1874         Regents (the 2 Karbharis)
17 Jul 1922 -  3 Jun 1935  Raghunath Rao II Shankarrao        (b. 1878 - d. 1951)

                             "Baba Sahib"
Raja
 3 Jun 1935 -  8 Mar 1948  Raghunath Rao II Shankarrao        (s.a.)
                             "Baba Sahib"
                            (from 1 Jan 1941, Sir
Raghunath Rao II Shankarrao)

Karbharis (state managers)
14 Apr 1890 - Jan 1894     Bhalchandra Trimbak Bapat
Jan 1894 -  1 Jun 1915     Shridher Abaji Satbhai
 1 Jun 1915 - c.1921       Govind Vinayak Dhayaguda Sheristedar
c.1934 - c.1938            Mahadeo Narayan Hulyal
Dewans
(chief minister)
c.1938                     Mahadeo Narayan Hulyal
c.1940                     Krishnaji Venkatesh Naik


Bhutan (Bhootan) see: Bhutan

Bihar see: Koch Bihar


Bihat


Capital: Kohonia Population: 4,365 (1941) State Troops:
None (1939)

Salute: None

22 Sep 1807                British recognize Bihat estate (jagir) as a state.
15 Aug 1947                Accedes to India.
 4 Apr 1948                Merged into Vindhya Pradesh (26 Jan 1950 transferred to Uttar Pradesh).

Rulers (title Diwan; from 1923, Rao)
1807 - 18..                Aparbal Singh
18.. - 1828                Bankat Rao
1828 - 1846                Kamod Singh
1846 - 1859                Hirde Shah                         (d. 1859)
1859 - 1872                Govind Das                         (d. 1872)
1872 - 1908                Mahum Singh                        (b. 1858 - d. 1908)
1908 - 1941                Bir Singh Ju Deo                   (b. 1902 - d. 1941)
1941 -  4 Apr 1948         Virendra Singh                     (b. 1939)
c.1947                     Rani Pratap Kunwar (f) -Regent

Bija:see Beja

Bijawar

Capital: Bijawar Population: 120,990 (1941) State Troops:
120 (1939)

Salute: 11 guns

1765                       Bijawar state founded.
27 Mar 1811                British protectorate.
15 Aug 1947                Accedes to India.
 4 Apr 1948                Merged into Vindhya Pradesh (from 1 Nov 1956, Madhya Pradesh).

Rajas
1765 - 1793                Bir Singh Deo                      (d. 1793)
1793 - 1802                Himmat Bahadur (usurper)           (d. 1804)
1802 - Dec 1810            Keshri Singh                       (d. 1810)
1811 - 17 Dec 1833         Ratan Singh                        (d. 1833)
1833 - 1847                Lakshman Singh                     (d. 1847)
23 Nov 1847 -  2 Oct 1866  Bham Pratap Singh                  (b. 1842 - d. 1899)
23 Nov 1847 - c.1860       Rani Deo Kuar (f) -Regent          (d. 1903)
Maharajas (title from 1 Jan 1877, Sawai Maharaja)

 
2 Oct 1866 - 15 Sep 1899  Bham Pratap Singh                  (s.a.)
15 Sep 1899 - 30 Oct 1940  Savant Singh                       (b. 1877 - d. 1940)
                            
(from 12 Dec 1911, Sir Savant Singh)
30 Oct 1940 -  4 Apr 1948  Govind Singh                       (b. 1934 - d. 1983)

Dewans (chief ministers)
1893 - 1894                Bhawani Prasad
c.1899/1900                Munshi Bhawani Prasad
c.1905 - 1907              Munshi Gopi Nath
1907 - 1908                Shaikh Abdul Ghani
1908 - c.1915              Pandit Shri Ram Nait
c.1923                     Qazi Kbalil-ud-din Ahmad
c.1930                     Kazi Amiruddin Ahmad
c.1934                     Babu Basheshwar Sarup
c.1939                     Sardar Singh



Bijna

Capital: Bijna Population: 1,742 (1941) State Troops:
None (1939)

Salute: None

1823                       British recognize an estate (jagir) as state.
15 Aug 1947                Accedes to India.
 4 Apr 1948                Merged into Vindhya Pradesh (transferred to Uttar Pradesh 26 Jan 1950).

Rulers (title Diwan)
1823 - 1839                Sujan Singh                        (d. 1839)
1839 - 1850                Durjan Singh                       (d. 1850)
1850 - 1909                Mukund Singh                       (b. 1838 - d. 1909)
1909 -  4 Apr 1948         Himmat Singh                       (b. 1894 - d. 1955)



Bikanir (Bikaner)

[Bikanir
                        (Bikaner)(India)]
to 30 Mar 1949

[Bikanir
                          (Bikaner) Royal flag c.1877-1949 (India)]
c.1877 - 30 Mar 1949 Royal Flag

Map of Bikaner Capital: Bikaner
Population: 1,292,938
(1941)

State Forces/Troops:
1,830 (1939)

Constitution
Government of Bikaner
Act No. 3 (4 Dec 1947)

Salute: 17 guns

1465                       Bikanir state founded (city founded 1488).
 
9 Mar 1818                British protectorate (by treaty).
15 Aug 1947                Accedes to India.
30 Mar 1949                Merged into Rajasthan.

Maharajas
19 Jun 1698 - 15 Dec 1700  Sarup Singh                        (b. 1689 - d. 1700)
15 Dec 1700 - 16 Dec 1735  Sujan Singh                        (b. 1690 - d. 1735)
16 Dec 1735 - 15 May 1746  Zorawar Singh                      (b. 1713 - d. 1746)
15 May 1746 - 25 Mar 1787  Gaj Singh                          (b. 1723 - d. 1787)
25 Mar 1787 - 25 Apr 1787  Raj Singh II                       (b. 1744 - d. 1787)
25 Apr 1787 -  9 Oct 1787  Pratap Singh                       (b. 1781 - d. 1787)
25 Apr 1787 - 25 Mar 1828  Surat Singh (regent to 9 Oct 1787) (b. 1766 - d. 1828)
25 Mar 1828 -  7 Aug 1851  Ratan Singh                        (b. 1790 - d. 1851)
 7 Aug 1851 - 16 May 1872  Sardar Singh                       (b. 1818 - d. 1872)
16 May 1872 - 19 Aug 1887  Dungar Singh                       (b. 1854 - d. 1887)
16 May 1872 - Aug 1872     Charles William Burton -Regent
19 Aug 1887 -  2 Feb 1943  Ganga Singh                        (b. 1880 - d. 1943)

                             (from 24 Jul 1901, Sir Ganga Singh)
19 Aug 1887 - 16 Dec 1898  the British Political Agents -
Regent
 2 Feb 1943 - 30 Mar 1949  Sadul Singh                        (b. 1902 - d. 1950)
                            
(from 1 Jan 1946, Sir Sadul Singh)

Dewans (chief ministers)
17.. - 26 Feb 1733         Anand Ram Khawas                   (d. 1733)
1735? - Feb 1751           Mohata Bakhtawar Singh (1st time)  (b. 1707 - d. 1779)
Feb 1751 - 1752            Amar Singh Chaturbhujani
1752 - 1756                Mohata Bakhtawar Singh (2nd time)  (s.a.)
1756 - Dec 1757            Mohata Prithvi Singh
1757 - 1762                Mohata Bakhtawar Singh
(3rd time)  (s.a.)
1762 - Sep 1765            Shah Mool Chand Bardiya
Sep 1765 - 1779            Mohata Bakhtawar Singh (4th time)  (s.a.)
1779 - 178.                Mehta Swaroop Singh
178. - 1787                Mehta Thakursi
1787 - 1791                Mohata Madho Rai
1791 - 1794                Pratap Mal Baid
1794 - 1805                Mohata Rao Sahib Singh Gun Roop
Apr 1805 - Apr 1815        Amar Chand Surana
Apr 1815 - Feb 1816        Mohata Bhomji
Feb 1816 - Jun 1828        Abhai Singh Mohata (1st time)
Jun 1828 - Nov 1828        Bijai Raj Banshidhar Mundhara
Nov 1828 - 1829            Abhai Singh Mohata (2nd time)
1828 - 184.                Hindu Mal Baid ?
1829 - Aug 1831            Shah Lakhmi Chand Heer Chand
 5 Aug 1831 - 18..         Mohata Leela Dhar Shyam Dutt
                             (1st time)
18.. - Feb 1841            Shah Hukam Chand Lakhmi Chand
Feb 1841 - May 1841        Mohata Rao Nath Mal
May 1841 - 184.            Mohata Leela Dhar Shyam Dutt
                             (2nd time)
c.1841                     Sri Narayan Singh Bhati ?
1844 - 1852?               Sarana Shri Lakshmichand
1852 - 1853                Guman Singh Baid (1st time)
1853 - 1853                Leeladhar Mohata
                           + Jalam Chand Kochar
1853 - 1854                Lachhi Ram Rakhecha
1854 - 1856                Guman Singh Baid (2nd time)
1856                       Pandit Dojainant
1856 - 1863                Ram Lal Dwarkani (1st time)
1864 - 1865                Guman Singh Baid (3rd time)
1865 - 1866                Ram Lal Dwarkani (2nd time)
1866                       Man Mal Rakhecha
1866  (
3 months)           Sheo Lal Nahata                   
1867  (
15 days)            Fateh Chand Surana
1867                       Ganga Ram Purohit
1867                       Shah Mal Kochar
1868                       Man Mal Rakhecha
1868                       Sheo Lal Mohata
1868                       Lakshmi Chand Nahata
Jun 1868 - Aug 1869        Visayat Hussain
Aug 1869 - 13 Dec 1873     Pandit Manphool
Dec 1873 - 188.            Maharaj Lal Singh
188. - 1884?               Maharao Hira Singh Baid
1884 - 11 Oct 1888         Amin Muhammad
12 Dec 1888 - 1896         Sodhi Hukam Singh
1896 - 1898                Raghubar Singh Chauhan
1898 - 1903                Hamidu Zafar Khan
1903 - 1916                Post abolished
Vice-President of the State council
24 Sep 1912 - 1916         Shri Bhairun Singh                 (b. 1879 - d. 19..)
Chief ministers

1916 - 1920                Shri Bhairun Singh (de facto)      (s.a.)
 7 Sep 1920 - Jan 1925     Sadul Singh                        (s.a.)
Prime ministers
1927 - 1934                Sir Manubhai Nandshankar Mehta     (b. 1868 - d. 1946)
25 Jun 1932 - 31 Oct 1934  Ram Prasad Dube (acting)
 1 Nov 1934 - Jan 1936     Maharaj Shri Sir Bhairun Singh     (s.a.)
Jan 1936 - Dec 1936        Thakur Sir Sadul Singh             (b. 1881 - d. 1937)
Dec 1936 - 14 Jan 1938     Vinayak Nandshanker Mehta          (b. 1883 – d. 19..)
14 Jan 1938 - Jul 1939     Sir Kailash Narain Haksar          (b. 1878 - d. 1954)
Jul 1939 - May 1941        Sir Seray Mal Bapna                (b. 1882 - d. 1964)
May 1941 -  1 May 1943     Maharaj Mandhata Singh             (b. 1900 – d. 19..)
May? 1943 - 10 Dec 1943    E.M. Panikkar (acting)
10 Dec 1943 - 28 May 1944  Hiranand Khushi Ram Kripalani      (b. 1888 – d. 1953)
May 1944 - 13 Mar 1948     Kavalam Madhava Panikkar           (b. 1895 - d. 1963)
14 Mar 1948 - Oct 1948     Kanwar Jaswant Singh               (b. 1903 - d.af.1951)ABKM
Oct 1948 - 30 Mar 1949     Cadambi Sheshachar Venkatachari    (b. 1899 - d. 1999) INC



Bilaspur

[Bilaspur state to 1948
                (India)]

Capital: Bilaspur Population: 110,334 (1941) State Troops:
80 (1939)

Salute: 11 guns

c.697                      Kahlur state (later called Bilaspur) founded.
 6 Mar 1815                British protectorate.
1819 - 1867                Kot Dhar strip occupied by the Sikhs.

1903 - 1909                Under British India management.
1920 - 1926                Under British India management.
15 Aug 1947                Accession to India.
12 Oct 1948                Cession Agreement with the government of India,
                             becomes Bilaspur province (from 1950, state).
 1 Jul 1954                Part of Himachal Pradesh.

Rajas
1692 - 1741                Ajmer Chand                        (d. 1741)
1741 - 1778                Devi Chand                         (d. 1778)
1778 - 1824                Mohan Chand                        (b. 1772 - d. 1824)
1824 - 29 Mar 1839         Kharak Chand                       (b. 1813 - d. 1839)
Apr 1839 - 1850            Jagat Chand (= Mian Jangi)         (d. 1857)
1850 - 1882                Hira Chand                         (b. 1835 - d. 1882)
Jan 1883 -  3 Feb 1888     Amar Chand                         (b. 1854 - d. 1888)
 3 Feb 1888 - 18 Feb 1927  Bijai Chand                        (b. 1873 - d. 1931)
                             (from 4 Jun 1917, Sir Bijai Chand)
                             (in exile 1903 - Jul 1908)
 3 Feb 1889 - 1893         Mian Badan Singh -Regent
                             (chairman of council of administration)
1903 - Jul 1908            Mian Amar Singh -Manager
                             (manager of the state)
18 Feb 1927 - 12 Oct 1948  Anand Chand                        (b. 1913 - d. 1983)
                             (from 14 Jun 1945, Sir
Anand Chand)
18 Feb 1927 -  9 Jan 1933  P.L. Chandulal -Regent
                             (president of the Council of Administration)

Dewans (chief ministers)
c.1850 - c.1860            Mian Bhangi Purgnia
c.1893                     Thakurdas
18.. - 1901                Mian Surjan Singh
1901 (2 months)            Mian Partab Singh
1901 - 1903                Lala Hari Chand
1903 - Dec 1908            Mian Amar Singh
                             (manager of the state;
wazir Jul-Dec 1908)
Dec 1908 - 1916            Mian Durga Singh (wazir)
1916 - 1918?               Indar Singh
1918 - 1919                Sardar Inder Singh (1st time)
1919 - 1921?               Babu Hardyal Singh
1921? - 1927               Sardar Inder Singh (2nd time)
1927 - 1934                P.L. Chandulal
1930 - 1931                Mian Man Singh
                             (acting for Chandulal)



Bilkha

Capital: Bilkha Population: 31,790 (1941) State Troops:
None (1939)

Salute: None

1901                       Jetpur-Bilkha estate (taluka) separated within joint ownership
                             of Jetpur.

1901 - 1948                Part of the Western Kathiawar semi-jurisdictional states
                             (see under Jasdan).
1929                       Bilkha state.
 7 Dec 1943 - 15 Aug 1947  Attached (the British jurisdictional authority granted) to Baroda.
15 Aug 1947                Accedes to India.
15 Feb 1948                Merged into Saurashtra.
 1 Nov 1956                Part of Bombay (from 1 May 1960, Gujarat).


Rulers (title Azam Vala; from 1929, Darbar Vala)
1890 - 1909                Naja Kala                          (b. 1865 - d. 1909)
1909 - 1923                Kanthad Naja                       (b. 1870 - d. 1923)
1923 - 1928                Council of Administration
1928 - 15 Feb 1948         Ravat Kanthad                      (b. 1906 - d. 1964)

Dewans (chief ministers)
c.1939                     J.R. Jani
c.1945                     K.R. Parakh
c.1946                     Chhotalal P. Bhatt


Bonai

Capital: Bonaigarh Population: 92,538 (1941) State Troops:
None (1939)

Salute: None

1803                       British protectorate, ceded by Nagpur as an estate.
1806 - 1826                Ceded by the British back to Nagpur (in 1818 the British rule
                             provisionally restored).
27 Feb 1827                Bonai estate (zamindari) recognized as state.

1902? -  1 Oct 1915        Under British India supervision.

15 Aug 1947                Accedes to India.
 1 Jan 1948                Merged into Orissa.

Rajas (title Raja Indra Deo)
1804 - 1851                Dayanidhi Chandra Deo              (d. 1851)
1851 - 1876                Chandra Deo                        (b. 1805 - d. 1876)
12 Sep 1876 -  3 Nov 1898  Indra Deo Bahadur                  (b. 1836 - d. 1898)
 3 Nov 1898 - 19 Feb 1902  Nilambar Chandra Deo               (b. 18.. - d. 1902)
19 Feb 1902 -  1 Jan 1948  Dharani Dhar Indra Deo             (b. 1884 - d. 19..)
19 Feb 1902 - 1909         G.M. Shanahan -Supervisor
1910 -  1 Oct 1915         Babu Basudeo Misra -Supervisor

Dewans (chief ministers)
c.1939                     Das Gupta
c.1944                     Bamdeb Misra



Bundi

[Bundi (Indian Princely
                      State) flag to 1948 (India)]
to 25 Mar 1948 State Flag
 
[Bundi (Indian Princely
                      State) royal flag to 1948 (India)]
to 25 Mar 1948 Royal Flag
 
Capital: Bundi Population: 249,374 (1941)
State Forces/Troops:
160 (1939)
State Constitution Act
 (10 Jul 1947)

Salute: 17 guns

c.1342                     Bundi state founded.
10 Feb 1818                British protectorate (by treaty).
15 Aug 1947                Accedes to India.
25 Mar 1948                Merged into Rajasthan.

Rulers (title Rao Raja; 5 Aug 1821-1945, Maharao Raja; from 1945, Maharajadhiraj Maharao Raja)
1696 - 1730                Budh Singh                         (b. 16.. - d. 1739)
19 May 1730 - 1749         Dalel Singh
1749 - 1770                Umaid Singh (1st time)             (b. 1729 - d. 1804)
1770 - 1773                Ajit Singh                         (d. 1773)
1773 - 1804                Umaid Singh (2nd time)             (s.a.)
1804 - 14 May 1821         Bishen Singh                       (b. 1773 - d. 1821)
14 May 1821 - 28 Mar 1889  Ram Singh                          (b. 1811 - d. 1889)
                             (from 1 Jan 1877, Sir Ram Singh)
 3 Aug 1821 - 1831?        Sumbhu Ram Bohra -Regent
28 Mar 1889 - 26 Jul 1927  Raghubir Singh                     (b. 1869 - d. 1927)

                             (from 1 Jan 1894, Sir Raghubir Singh)
26 Jul 1927 - 23 Apr 1945  Ishvari Singh                      (b. 1893 - d. 1945)

                             (from 11 May 1937, Sir Ishvari Singh)
23 Apr 1945 -
25 Mar 1948  Bahadur Singh                      (b. 1920 - d. 1977)

Dewans (chief ministers)
1873 - 1886                Pandit Ganga Sahai
1886 - 1902                Bohora Hurridutt
bf.1 Apr 1904 - 2 Jan 1910 Thakur Rathor Dhonkal Singliji     (d. 1910)
1910 - af.1917             Mohkhamsingot Hanwant Singhji
c.1923 - c.1924            Maharaj Harinath Singh
                             (senior member state council)
1917 - Jul 1927            Dhanna Lal Ji
c.1930                     K.L. Paonasker
c.1930                     N. Bhattacharyya
1931 - 1936                Wilfred Francis Webb               (b. 1897 - d. 1973)
1936 -  4 Feb 1946         Anthony William Robertson          (b. 1896 - d. 19..)
 5 Feb 1946 - 22 May 1946  D.N. Ahluwalia
23 May 1946 - 24 Jul 1946  Pandit Deoki Nandan Chaturvedi   
Prime ministers

24 Jul 1946 - 194.         Ram Babu Saksena                   (b. 1892 - d. 1957)
1947                       Nagendra Singh                     (b. 1914 - d. 1988)


Calicut: see Kozhikode
Cambay: see Kambay

Cannanore: see Kannanur

Carnatic: see Arkat


Chamba

[Chamba state possible flag to
                1948 (India)]

Capital: Chamba Population: 168,908 (1941) State Forces/Troops:
180 (1939)

Salute: 11 guns

c.550                      Chamba state founded.
900                        Capital moved to Chamba.
1809 - 1846                Tributary to Jammu.
 9 Mar 1846                British protectorate.
15 Aug 1947                Accedes to India.
15 Apr 1948                Merged into Himachal Pradesh.

Rajas
1690 - 1720                Udai Singh                         (d. 1720)
1720 - 1735                Ugra Singh -Regent                 (d. 1735)

1735 - 1748                Dalel Singh
1748 - 13 May 1764         Umed Singh                         (b. 1725 - d. 1764)
13 May 1764 - 1794         Raj Singh                          (b. 1755 - d. 1794)
1794 - 1808                Jit Singh                          (b. 1775 - d. 1808)
1808 - 1844                Charhat Singh                      (b. 1803 - d. 1844)
1808 - 1821                Rani Sarada Sahiba (f) -Regent
1844 - 27 Sep 1870         Sri Singh                          (b. 1839 - d. 1870)
Sep 1870 -  3 Oct 1870     Suchet Singh (in dissidence)       (b. 1841 - d. 1896)
 3 Oct 1870 - 17 Apr 1873  Gopal Singh                        (b. 1840 - d. 1895)

17 Apr 1873 - 23 Jan 1904  Sham Singh                         (b. 1866 - d. 1905)
17 Apr 1873 -  3 Nov 1885  Regency
                           - Blair Thomas Reid (to 5 Mar 1877)(b. 1825 - d. 1910)
                           - Richard Thomas Burney            (b. 1835 - d. 1891)
                             (5 Mar 1877 - 7 Oct 1879)
                           - Charles Henry Tilson Marshall    (b. 1841 - d. 1927)
                             (7 Oct 1879 - 3 Nov 1885)
23 Jan 1904 -  6 Oct 1919  Bhuri Singh                        (b. 1869 - d. 1919)

                             (from 1 Jan 1906, Sir Bhuri Singh)
 6 Oct 1919 -  7 Dec 1935  Ram Singh                          (b. 1890 - d. 1935)

 7 Dec 1935 - 15 Apr 1948  Lakshman Singh                     (b. 1924 - d. 1971)
 7 Dec 1935 -  8 May 1945  Regents
                          
(presidents of Council of Administration)
                           - P.N. Toulmin (Dec 1935-193.)
                           - Henry Stuart Strong              (b. 1873 - d. 1949)
                             (bf.1937-1942)
                           - John Slattery (1942-1945)        (b. 1886 - d. 1958)

Wazirs (chief ministers)
c.1782 - 1798?             Mru Barotru (Baratru)
bf.1798? - 1838            Nathu Barotru
(Baratru)            (d. 1838)
1839 - 1854                Bagha Barotru
(Baratru)
1854 - 1860                Billu Barotru
(Baratru)
1860 - 1862                ... [unknown]
Dec 1986 - 1873            Vacant
Oct 1873 - 1878            Mian Autar Singh
1878 - 1884                Mian Gainda Singh
1884 - Jan 1898            Govind Chand
Jan 1898 - 1904            Bhuri Singh                        (s.a.)
c.1917 - c.1918            S.C. Banerjee (superintendent)
af.1920 - 19..             Mian Sahib Kesari Singh
Government Advisers (chief executives)
Oct 1919 -  1 Nov 1921     Cyril Powney Thompson              (b. 1864 - d. 1924)
 1 Nov 1921 - 1923         (Robert Henry?) Thomas
 8 Oct 1923 - 27 Jan 1925  Donald Moyle Field                 (b. 1881 - d. 1956)
27 Jan 1925 -  2 Nov 1925  Harry Wilberforce-Bell             (b. 1885 - d. 1956)
1925 - 1926?               W.H. Hodgson (1st time)
1926 - 1930                John Clayton Coldstream            (b. 1872 - d. 1972)
1930                       W.H. Hodgson (2nd time)
1930 - 1935                P.N. Toulmin
Dewans
(chief ministers)
1945 - 1946                John Slattery                      (s.a.)
1946 – 1947                John Swithun Harvey Shattock       (b. 1907 - d. 1993)

British Political Superintendents
 1 Jan 1863 - Jan 1865     Blair Thomas Reid (1st time)       (s.a.)
Jan 1865 - Jun 1866        F.M.H. Forbes
Jun 1866 - Dec 1866        Edward George Wace                 (b. 1841 - d. 1889)
Dec 1866 -  5 Jan 1872     Blair Thomas Reid (2nd time)       (s.a.)
Jan 1872 - Jan 1874        George A. MacAndrew
Jan 1874 -  5 Mar 1877     Blair Thomas Reid (3rd time)       (s.a.)
 5 Mar 1877 -  7 Oct 1879  Richard Thomas Burney              (s.a.)
 7 Oct 1879 -  3 Nov 1885  Charles Henry Tilson Marshall      (s.a.)

 3 Nov 1885                post abolished



Chang Bhakar (Changbhakar)

Capital: Bharatpur Population: 21,266 (1941) State Troops: None
(1939)

Salute: None

c.1790                     Changbhakar estate (under Korea to 1848).
1848                       Changbhakar estate recognized as a separate estate (zamindari),
                             a British protectorate.
16 Feb 1876                Changbhakar estate becomes a state.   
15 Aug 1947                Accedes to India.
 1 Jan 1948                Merged into Central Provinces (from 1 Nov 2000 Chhattisgarh).

 
Rulers (title Bhaiya)
1848 - 1865                Janjit Singh Deo
 1 Dec 1865 - Sep 1896     Balabhadra Singh Deo               (b. c.1825 - d. 1896)
30 Sep 1896 - 1932         Mahabir Singh Deo                  (b. 1879 - d. 1932)
Sep 1896 -  1 Jul 1900     Lal Bajrang Singh -Regent
18 Apr 1934 -  1 Jan 1948  Krishna Pratap Singh Deo           (b. 1922)
1932 - 1946                .... -Regent



Chanderi (Banpur)

1811                       Annexed by Gwalior, reduced to estate (jagir), from 1830
                             known as Banpur.
1844                       In direct relations with the British.
1857 - 14 Mar 1858         Ruler in rebellion against British rule.
13 May 1858 - 1861         Occupied by British India, estate confiscated.
1861                       Re-annexed by Gwalior.

Rajas
1646 - 1717                Debi Singh
1717 - 1733                Durag Singh
1733 - 17..                Durjan Singh
17.. - 1760                Man Singh
1760 - 1774                Anirudh Singh
1774 - 1801                Ram Chand                          (b. 1771/72 - d. 18..)
1774 - 1778                Hati Singh -Regent
1801 - 1802                Parjapal

1802 - 1842                Mur Pahlad                         (d. 1842)
1811 - 1813                Jean Baptiste Filose -Governor     (b. 1775 - d. 1846)
                             (appointed by the ruler of Gwalior)
1842 - 14 Mar 1858         Mardan Singh                       (b. 1802 - d. 1879)
British administrators
Apr 1857 - 24 May 1857     Zain-ul-Abdin Khan
24 May 1857 - 1858         Robert Hamilton
Mar 1858 - Apr 1858        J.N.H. Maclean
Aug 1858 - 18..            F.A. Fenton 



Charkhari

[Charkhari
                        c.1900-1948 (India)]
c.1900 - 4 Apr 1948

Capital: Charkhari Population: 123,594 (1941) State Troops:
240 (1939)

Salute: 11 guns

1765                       Charkhari state founded.
29 Jul 1804                British protectorate.
15 Aug 1947                Accedes to India.
 4 Apr 1948                Merged into Vindhya Pradesh (26 Jan 1950 transferred to Uttar Pradesh).

Rajas
1765 - 1782                Khuman Singh                       (d. 1782)
1782 - 22 Nov 1829         Vijay Bahadur Singh                (b. 17.. - d. 1829)
1829 - 1860                Ratan Singh                        (b. 1815 - d. 1860)
1829 - 1835                Dewan Madan Singh -Regent
1860 - 21 Mar 1880         Jai Singh Deo                      (b. 1850 - d. 1880)
1860 - 1862                Rani Bakhat Kunwar Ju (f) -Regent
1862 - 1866                Colonel Thomson -Regent
1866 - 1867                Dewan Anna Sahib Gore -Regent      (d. 1867)
1867 - 24 Jul 1874         Dewan Tantiya Sahib -Regent
Oct 1879 - Mar 1880        Fredrick Henry Maitland -Regent    (b. 1840 - d. 1924)
                             (superintendent)
Maharajas (title Maharajadhiraj Sipahdar-ul-Mulk)

10 Jul 1880 -  6 Jul 1908  Malkhan Singh                      (b. 1872 - d. 1908)
                             (from 26 Jun 1902, Sir Malkhan Singh)
Mar 1880 - 1892            Superintendents
                           - Fredrick Henry Maitland          (s.a.)
                              (1880 - Jan 1886)
                           - Jujhar Singh Ju Deo (Jan 1886-92)(b. 1847 - d. 1914)
 6 Jul 1908 -  4 Jun 1914  Jujhar Singh                       (s.a.)
 4 Jun 1914 -  5 Oct 1920  Ganga Singh                        (b. 18.. - d. 1920)
 6 Oct 1920 -  8 Nov 1941  Arimardan Singh                    (b. 1903 - d. 1941)
                             (also ruler of Jigni 1925-1934)
 6 Oct 1920 - Dec 1924     Regents
                           - Rao Saheb Bhanu Pratap Singh     (b. 1878 - d. 1925)
                               Ju Deo (ruler of Jigni)
                           - Syed Mir Ashgar Ali
                              (president council of regency)
 8 Nov 1941 -  4 Apr 1948  Jagendra Singh                     (b. 1929 - d. 1977)
c.1947                     Mahipal Singh -Regent              (b. 1898 - d. 1983)
                             (ruler of Sarila)

Dewans (chief ministers)
bf.1829 - 18..             Madan Singh
1853 - 1867                Anna Sahib Gore                    (s.a.)
                           + Moulvi Seraj Hossain             (d. 1866)
1867 - c.1874              Tantiya Sahib
18.. - 1908                Jujhar Singh Ju Deo                (s.a.)
1908 - 1914                Ganga Singh Ju Deo                 (s.a.)
                           + Syed Mir Ashghar Ali
1914 - 19..                Khan Bahadur Ashghar Ali
Dec 1924 - 19..            Munshi Roshan Lall
c.1930                     Hashmat Ali
c.1931                     Thakur Pateshwar Prasad Singh Sahib
1937 - 1943                Sayed Ainuddin Sahib



Chhatarpur

[Chhatarpur c.1877
                      (India)]
Flag c.1877
 

[Chhatarpur to 1948
                        (India)]Flag to 4 Apr 1948

Capital: Chhatarpur  Population: 184,720 (1941) State Troops:
370 (1939)

Salute: 11 guns

1785                       Chhatarpur state founded.
 4 Apr 1806                British protectorate.
14 Nov 1867 - 29 Aug 1887  Under British India management.
15 Aug 1947                Accedes to India.
 4 Apr 1948                Merged into Vindhya Pradesh (from 1 Nov 1956, Madhya Pradesh).

Rajas
1785 -  4 May 1816         Kunwar Sone Shah                   (d. 1816)
 4 May 1816 - 19 May 1854  Pratap Singh                       (b. c.1784 - d. 1854)
                             (personal style Raja Bahadur from 18 Jan 1827)
19 May 1854 - 14 Nov 1867  Jaghat Singh                       (b. 1846 - d. 1867)

19 May 1854 - Jan 1863     Rani ... (f) -Regent
14 Nov 1867 -  3 Jun 1919  Vishvanath Singh                   (b. 1866 - d. 1932)

                             (personal style Maharaja from 25 May 1895)
1867 - 1876                Chowbey Dhanput Rai -Regent        (d. 1876)
1876 - 1878                Rani ... (f) -Regent
1878 -  1 Apr 1886         Munshi Chundi Pershad
-Regent
1886 - 29 Aug 1887         Munshi Chaturbhuj Sahai -Regent
Maharajas

 3 Jun 1919 -  5 Apr 1932  Vishvanath Singh                   (s.a.)
                             (from 2 Jan 1928, Sir Vishvanath Singh)
 5 Apr 1932 -  4 Apr 1948  Bhawani Singh                      (b. 1921 - d. 2006)
1932 - 1942                Regency
                           [the Dewans as presidents of council of administration]

Dewans (chief ministers)
1862 - c.1866              Tantia Sahib Gore
1867 - 1868                Rai Parmeshri Das
Jun 1868 - 12 May 1876     Cbaube Dbanpat Rao                 (d. 1876)
1876 - 1878                Rani ... (f)
1878 -  1 Apr 1886         Munshi Chundi Prasad
Apr 1886 - Jun 1886        Parmanand Chaube
Jun 1886 - Mar 1888        Munshi Chaturbhuj Sahai            (d. 1888)
22 Aug 1889 - 15 Jan 1900  Rai Bahadur Lala Bansidhar         (d. 1900)
1900 - 190.                Lala Gurbakhsh Ray
bf.1903                    Siddheshwar Mitter                 (b. 1865 - d. 1912)   
c.1905/06                  Chaube Budh Prakash
Jul 1910 - Sep 1914        Shyam Behari Misra
c.Aug 1920                 B. Mohini Mohanlal
 3 Nov 1921 - c.1931       Sukhdeo Behari Misra
c.1930                     Pandit Sukhdeo Behari Misra
bf.1935 - af.1939          Champa Ram Misra
c.1940/44                  Shambhu Nath
1946 - 1947                F.F. Gilboy                        (b. 1914 - d. 19..)
Chief minister
1948                       Ram Sahai Tewari                   (b. 1903 - d. 19..)  AISPC

British Agents to the Governor-General in Bundelkhand (1811-1818 in Banda;
1818-1824 in Kalpi; 1824-1832 in Hamirpur; 1832-1843 in Banda; from 1843 in Nowgong)
1811 - 1813                John Richardson
1813 - 1818                John Wauchope                      (b. 1781 - d. 1818)
1819                       Edward Gardner -Resident           (b. 1784 - d. 1861)
1819 - 1825                James Marjoribanks                 (b. 1784 - d. 1837)
1825 - 1835                Montague Ainslie                   (b. 1792 - d. 1884)
1835 - 1837                Simon Fraser                       (b. 1803 - d. 1857)
1837 - 1854                the agents for Saugor (see under Rewa)
British Political Agents in Bundelkhand
(in Nowgong; as of 1947, in charge
of the Bundelkhand states¹; under the Resident in Central India [see under Indore])
1854 - Feb 1939            ....
Feb 1939 - 1942            Henry Mortimer Poulton             (b. 1898 - d. 1973)
Apr 1942 - 1943            Humphrey Trevelyan                 (b. 1905 - d. 1985)
1943 - Sep 1944            Joseph Herbert Thompson            (b. 1898 - d. 1984)
Sep 1944 - Mar 1947        William le Belward Egerton         (b. 1901 - d. 1947)
1947                       ....
Indian Regional Commissioner for the Bundelkhand States (in Nowgong)
c.1948                     Neil Bruniat Bonnerji              (b. 1901 - d. 1976)

 ¹the Bundelkhand states as of 1947: Ajaigarh, Alipura, Banka Pahari, Baoni, Baraundha, Beri, Bhaisaunda, Bihat, Bijawar, Bijna, Charkhari, Chhatarpur, Datia, Dhurwai, Garrauli, Gaurihar, Jaso, Jigni, Kamta Rajaula, Kothi, Lugasi, Maihar, Nagod, Naigawan Rebai, Orchha, Pahra, Paldeo, Panna, Samthar, Sarila, Sohawal, Taraon, and Tori-Fatehpur.


Chhaya: see Porbandar


Chhota Udaipur (Chhota Udepur)

[Chhota Udaipur (Chhota
                Udepur) to 1948 (India)]

Capital: Chhota Udaipur
(Chhota Udepur)
Population: 162,177 (1941) State Forces/Troops:
100 (1939)

Salute: 9 guns

1743                       Chhota Udaipur state founded.
21 Nov 1822                British protectorate.
1854 - 1855                Under British India management. 
1881 - 1884                Under British India management. 
1895 - 1903                Under British India management. 
15 Aug 1947                Accedes to India.
10 Jun 1948                Merged into Bombay (from 1 May 1960, state of Gujarat).

Rajas (from c.1840, Raja Maharawal)
1743 - 1762                Pratapsinhji
1762 - 1771                Arsisinhji
1771 - 1777                Hamirsinhji II
1777 - 1819                Bhimsinhji                         (d. 1819)
1819 - 1822                Prithi Raj                         (d. 1822)
1822 - 1851                Gumansimhji                        (d. 1851)
1851 - Jul 1881            Jitsimhji                          (b. 1832 - d. 1881)
 7 Jul 1881 -  7 Feb 1895  Motisimhji Jitsimhji               (b. 1859 - d. 1895)
30 Feb 1895 - 29 Aug 1923  Fatehsinhji Motisimhji             (b. 1884 - d. 1923)
30 Feb 1895 - Jan 1897     Mansukhram Mulji -Regent
 4 Mar 1897 - 22 Feb 1904  Dadabhai Hormasji -Regent
22 Feb 1904 - 18 Apr 1904  Keshavrao Babaji -Regent
18 Apr 1904 - 12 Mar 1906  Ladhabhai Harji -
Regent
29 Aug 1923 - 15 Oct 1946  Natwarsinhji Fatehsinhji           (b. 1906 - d. 1946)
Oct 1923 - 20 Jun 1928     John Creery Tate -Administrator    (b. 1884 - d. 1942)
                             (regent)
15 Oct 1946 - 10 Jun 1948  Virendrasinhji Natwarsinhji        (b. 1937 - d. 2005)
c.1947                     Virbhadra Singh Ranjit             (b. 1910 - d. 1986)
                             Singh -Regent (ruler of Lunawada)
                            (president of the regency council)

Dewans (chief ministers)
c.1888 - 1889              Ramchandra Gangadhar
Jun 1889 - Dec 1891        Dinsha Jamsetji
Dec 1891 - Jan 1892        Ganpatrao (acting)   
Jan 1892 - Jan 1897        Mansukhram Mulji
Jan 1897 -  4 Mar 1897     Nandlal Parbhulal (acting)
 4 Mar 1897 - 22 Feb 1904  Dadabhai Hormasji
22 Feb 1904 - 18 Apr 1904  Keshavrao Babaji
18 Apr 1904 - 17 Mar 1906  Ladabhai Harji
17 Mar 1906 - 25 Nov 1907  C.E. Stafford Steele
28 Dec 1907 -  2 Jan 1910  Hormasji J. Antia
 2 Jan 1910 - 10 Feb 1910  Jehangirshaw D. Nanavatty (acting)
10 Feb 1910 - 20 Oct 1912  Ganpatrao N. Laud
20 Oct 1912 - c.1920       Jehangirji E. Modi
c.1930                     J.D. Mehta
bf.1939 - af.1946          Dhirajlal H. Desai



Chhuikadan (Chhuikhadan)

[Chhuikadan (Chhuikhadan) to
                1948 (India)]

Capital: Chhuikadan
(Chhuikhadan)
(Kondka 1750-1780)
Population: 32,731 (1941) State