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Austrian States since 1918

States: Burgenland - Kärnten - Niederösterreich - Oberösterreich - SalzburgSteiermark - Tirol - Vorarlberg - Wien (Vienna) -

Note: The title of the "premiers" is Landeshauptmann (plural Landeshauptleute), which may also be translated governor. During 13 Mar 1938 – 1 May 1939 the states were downgraded to subdivisions of the German state of Austria, formally known as "former states" (ehemalige Länder) and informally as Landeshauptmannschaften. From 1 May 1939 - 30 Apr 1945 the states were Reichsgaue during their direct incorporation into Germany. The name for the seven entities 8 Apr 1942 - 30  Apr 1945 was the Alpen- und Donau-Reichsgaue (Danubian and Alpine Reichsgaue). All states have both a civil flag (Landesflagge) and a state flag (Landesdienstflagge). State flags (and anthems) were abolished Mar 1938 - May 1945.

Party abbreviations: BZÖ = Bündnis Zukunft Österreich (Alliance of the Future Austria, social conservative, Eurosceptic, split from FPÖ, est.2005); FPÖ = Freiheitliche Partei Österreichs (Austrian Freedom Party, conservative, nationalist, populist, from 1989 Eurosceptic, est.1956); KPÖ = Kommunistische Partei Österreichs (Communist Party of Austria, communist, banned 1933-1945, est.1918); ÖVPÖsterreichische Volkspartei (Austrian People's Party, center-right, est.1945)SPÖ = Sozialdemokratische Partei Österreichs (Social-Democratic Party of Austria, social-democratic, to 15 Jun 1991 as Socialist Party of Austria [Sozialistische Partei Österreichs], former SDAP, est.1945); Mil = Military;
- Former parties: CSP = Christlichsoziale Partei (Christian Social Party, right-wing conservative, 1895-1907 as Catholic People's Party [Katholische Volkspartei], 1907-1934, merged into VF); FPK = Die Freiheitlichen in Kärnten (Freedom Party of Carinthia, conservative populist, split from BZÖ, Dec 2009-Jun 2013, merged into FPÖ); GDVP = Grossdeutsche Volkspartei (Greater German People's Party, German nationalist, national-liberal, 1920-1934, merged into VF); KNEP = Keresztény Nemzeti Egyesülés Pįrtja (Christian Party of National Unity, Hungarian, conservative, christian-democratic, 1919-1922); KSS = Koroška slovenska stranka/Partei der Kärntner Slowenen (Party of Carinthian Slovenes, 1921-1945); LB = Landbund (Rural Association, liberal, agrarian, mainly protestant, founded as Deutsche Bauernpartei [German Farmers' Party], 1919-1934, merged into VF); MSzDP = Magyar Szociįldemokrata Pįrt (Hungarian Social Democratic Party, social-democratic, 1890-1948); NS = Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei (National Socialist German Workers' Party, Nazi fascist, Germany nationalist, xenophobic, banned 1933-38, only legal party 15 Mar 1938 - May 1945); PRP = (Orszįgos) Polgįri Radikįlis Pįrt ([National] Civil Radical Party, Hungarian radical liberal, 6 Jun 1914-22 Mar 1919); SDAP = Sozialdemokratische Arbeiterpartei (Social Democratic Labor Party, 1889-1934); VF = Vaterländische Front (Fatherland's [Patriotic] Front, Austrian nationalist, clerical fascist, corporatist, 11 May 1934 - 13 Mar 1938 only legal party, 1933-1938)



Burgenland

[Burgenland civil
                          flag (Austria)]
Civil Flag Adopted 1921
[Burgenland state flag (Austria)]
State Flag Adopted 25 Jun 1971

Capital: Eisenstadt
(
Sauerbrunn 1921-19 Oct 1925)

State Anthem
 "Mein Heimatvolk,
mein Heimatland"
(My Home People,
my Homeland)
Adopted 30 Apr 1936
Population: 296,000 (2021)

 
9 Feb 1921                Burgenland created within Austria.
15 Oct 1938 - 30 Sep 1945  State partitioned between Niederdonau and Steiermark.
 2 Apr 1945 - 27 Jul 1955  Soviet occupation.

State Administrators (Landesverwalter)
10 Mar 1921 -  5 Mar 1922  Robert Henry Louis Davy            (b. 1867 - d. 1924)  Non-party
 5 Mar 1922 - 19 Jul 1922  Alfred Richard Viktor Rausnitz     (b. 1876 - d. 1956)  Non-party
Premiers
19 Jul 1922 - 14 Jul 1923  Alfred Richard Viktor Rausnitz     (s.a.)               Non-party
14 Jul 1923 -  4 Jan 1924  Alfred Adolf Josef Walheim         (b. 1874 - d. 1945)  GDVP
                             (1st time)
 4 Jan 1924 - 10 Jan 1928  Josef Rauhofer                     (b. 1875 - d. 1939)  CSP
10 Jan 1928 - 24 Jul 1929  Anton Schreiner (1st time)         (b. 1873 - d. 1932)  CSP
24 Jul 1929 - 10 Dec 1930  Johann Thullner                    (b. 1880 - d. 1937)  CSP
10 Dec 1930 - 25 Nov 1931  Anton Schreiner (2nd time)         (s.a.)               CSP
25 Nov 1931 - 22 Feb 1934  Alfred Adolf Josef Walheim         (s.a.)               LB
                             (2nd time)
22 Feb 1934 - 11 Mar 1938  Hans Sylvester                     (b. 1897 - d. 1939)  CSP;1934 VF
11 Mar 1938 - 14 Oct 1938  Tobias Portschy                    (b. 1905 - d. 1996)  NS
15 Oct 1938 - 30 Sep 1945  Post abolished 
 1 Oct 1945 -  4 Jan 1946  Ludwig Leser                       (b. 1890 - d. 1946)  SPÖ
 4 Jan 1946 - 22 Jun 1956  Lorenz "Lovro" Karall              (b. 1894 - d. 1965)  ÖVP
22 Jun 1956 -  8 Aug 1961  Johann Wagner                      (b. 1897 - d. 1979)  ÖVP
 8 Aug 1961 - 12 Jun 1964  Josef Lentsch                      (b. 1909 - d. 1988)  ÖVP
12 Jun 1964 - 28 Jun 1966  Hans Bögl                          (b. 1899 - d. 1974)  SPÖ
28 Jun 1966 - 30 Oct 1987  Theodor Kery                       (b. 1918 - d. 2010)  SPÖ
30 Oct 1987 - 18 Jul 1991  Johann "Hans" Sipötz               (b. 1941)            SPÖ
18 Jul 1991 - 28 Dec 2000  Karl Stix                          (b. 1939 - d. 2003)  SPÖ
28 Dec 2000 - 28 Feb 2019  Hans Niessl                        (b. 1951)            SPÖ
28 Feb 2019 -              Hans Peter Doskozil                (b. 1970)            SPÖ


West Hungary

[Banat of Leitha
                      (Lajtabįnsįg) 1921 (Hungary/Burgenland)] 4 Oct 1921 - 13 Nov 1921

31 Oct 1918                Part of independent Hungary.
29 Jan 1919                Government of German West Hungary (autonomy), capital at Sopron.
 4 Jun 1920                Treaty of Trianon forces Hungary to restore the area to Austria
                             (as Vierburgenland), but Hungary delays transfer.
 4 Oct 1921                Hungarian forces withdraw, West Hungary under the Allied powers.
 4 Oct 1921                Banat of Leitha (
Lajtabįnsįg) declared by local Hungarians in
                             rebellion.

13 Nov 1921                Austrian occupation (completed 5 Dec 1921).
 1 Jan 1922                Sopron (Ödenburg) city is transferred to Hungary following a
                             plebiscite (14 Dec 1921) result that favors a return to Hungary;
                             German-inhabited parts of Vas (Eisenburg), Sopron (Ödenburg) and
                             Moson (Wieselburg) counties
are ceded to Austria as part of
                             Burgenland.


Governor
of West Hungary
 4 Feb 1919 - Apr 1919     Géza Zsombor                       (b. 1871 - d. 1930)  PRP
Government Commissioner-in-chief for West Hungary
Aug 1919 -  4 Oct 1921     Antal gróf Sigray                  (b. 1879 - d. 1947)  Mil
Ban of Banat of Leitha (Lajtabįnsįg)

 4 Oct 1921 - 13 Nov 1921  Pįl Prónay de Tótpróna et Blatnicza(b. 1874 - d. 1945)  Mil

Ministers for German (from 1 Aug 1919, National Minority) Affairs (in Budapest)
 
4 Feb 1919 - 21 Mar 1919  Johann Junker (= Jįnos Junker)     (b. 1864 - d. 1922)  Non-party
21 Mar 1919 - 25 Jul 1919  Heinrich Kalmar (= Henrik Kalmįr)  (b. 1870 - d. 1931)  MSzDP
                            
(German People's Commissar)
 1 Aug 1919 -  6 Aug 1919  Viktor Knaller (= Gyözö Knaller)   (b. 1873 - d. 1932)  MSzDP
 
6 Aug 1919 - 16 Dec 1920  Jakob Bleyer (= Jakab Bleyer)      (b. 1874 - d. 1933)  KNEP
                            
(acting to 15 Aug 1919)

Chairman of the Inter-Allied Plebiscite Commission for West Hungary
 3 Oct 1921 -  1 Jan 1922  Carlo Antonio Ferrario (Italy)     (b. 1867 - d. 1958)



Kärnten (Carinthia)

[Kärnten
                          (Carinthia) civil flag 1924-1930 (Austria)]
Civil Flag Re-adopted 1924 - 1930
[Kärnten
                          (Carinthia) civil flag (Austria)]
Civil Flag Adopted 1930
[Kärnten (Carinthia) State flag (Austria)]
State Flag Adopted 18 Jun 1946

Capital: Klagenfurt

State Anthem
 "Kärntner Heimatlied"
 (Carinthian Homeland Song
)
(from 1911, adopted 29 Jun 1966)
Population: 562,000 (2021)

28 May 1919 - 13 Sep 1920  Southeastern Carinthia (Klagenfurt basin) occupied by Yugoslavia
                             (Klagenfurt city occupied 6 Jun - 31 Jul 1919).
10 Oct 1920 - 22 Nov 1920  Carinthian Plebiscite plebiscite area in southeastern Carinthia was
                             two zones, "A" in the south and "B" in the north
. Zone A votes 59%
                             in favor of adhesion to Austria and 40.9% supporting annexation by
                             Yugoslavia. Because the Austrian option gained a majority
                             of votes in Slavic Zone A, the second stage of the referendum in
                             northern Zone B, populated chiefly by Germans, was not
                             carried out
. The region was placed under Austrian administration
                             on 18 Nov 1920 and declared part of Austria on 22 Nov 1920.

 7 May 1945 - 22 May 1945  Yugoslav occupation of southern Carinthia.
 8 May 1945 - 27 Jul 1955  British occupation.

Administrator (Landesverweser)
11 Nov 1918 - 22 Jul 1921  Arthur Lemisch                     (b. 1865 - d. 1953)  Non-party
Premiers
22 Jul 1921 -  6 Nov 1923  Florian Gröger                     (b. 1871 - d. 1927)  SDAP
 6 Nov 1923 - 15 Jun 1927  Vinzenz Schumy                     (b. 1878 - d. 1962)  LB
15 Jun 1927 - 21 Jan 1931  Arthur Lemisch                     (s.a.)               Non-party
22 Jan 1931 - 16 Feb 1934  Ferdinand Kernmaier                (b. 1884 - d. 1941)  LB
16 Feb 1934 -  7 Mar 1934  Silvester Leer (acting)            (b. 1880 - d. 1957)  CSP 
 7 Mar 1934 -  3 Nov 1936  Ludwig Hülgerth                    (b. 1875 - d. 1939)  VF
 3 Nov 1936 - 11 Mar 1938  Arnold Sucher                      (b. 1898 - d. 1983)  VF
11 Mar 1938 -  1 Jun 1938  Wladimir von Pawlowski (1st time)  (b. 1891 - d. 1961)  NS
 1 Jun 1938 - 12 Feb 1939  Hubert Klausner                    (b. 1892 - d. 1939)  NS
12 Feb 1939 -  1 Apr 1940  Wladimir von Pawlowski (2nd time)  (s.a.)               NS
                             (acting)
Reichsstatthalter
(from 15 Apr 1941, also Chiefs of the civil administration in Carinthia and Carniola)
 1 Apr 1940 - 27 Nov 1941  Wladimir von Pawlowski             (s.a.)               NS
 
                            (acting to 12 Apr 1940)
27 Nov 1941 -  7 May 1945  Friedrich Rainer                   (b. 1903 - d. 1947)  NS
                            (from 29 Sep 1943, also Supreme Commissioner for 
                             Operationszone Adriatisches Küstenland, in Trieste)
May 1945                   Franc Petek                        (b. 1885 - d. 1965)  KSS
                             (chairman Carinthian National Council)
Premiers

 8 May 1945 - 25 Apr 1947  Hans Piesch                        (b. 1889 - d. 1966)  SPÖ
25 Apr 1947 - 12 Apr 1965  Ferdinand Wedenig                  (b. 1896 - d. 1975)  SPÖ 
12 Apr 1965 - 12 Apr 1974  Hans Sima                          (b. 1918 - d. 2006)  SPÖ 
19 Apr 1974 - 27 Sep 1988  Leopold Wagner                     (b. 1927 - d. 2008)  SPÖ 
27 Sep 1988 - 21 Apr 1989  Peter Ambrozy                      (b. 1946)            SPÖ 
21 Apr 1989 - 21 Jun 1991  Jörg Haider (1st time)             (b. 1950 - d. 2008)  FPÖ
25 Jun 1991 -  8 Apr 1999  Christof Zernatto                  (b. 1949)            ÖVP
 8 Apr 1999 - 11 Oct 2008  Jörg Haider (2nd time)             (s.a.)           FPÖ;Apr 2005:BZÖ
11 Oct 2008 - 28 Mar 2013  Gerhard Dörfler                    (b. 1955)       
BZÖ;Dec 2009:FPK
                            
(acting to 27 Oct 2008)
28 Mar 2013 -              Peter Kaiser                       (b. 1958)
           SPÖ

President of the Klagenfurt Inter-Allied Plebiscite Commission, South Austria
21 Jul 1920 - 22 Nov 1920  Sydney Capel Peck (U.K.)           (b. 1871 - d. 1949) 
 
Slovene (
Yugoslav) Commandants, Carinthia Detachment
27 Nov 1918 - 1919         Rudolf Mįister (Vojįnov)           (b. 1874 - d. 1934)  Mil 
1919 - 13 Sep 1920         Ljubomir Marić                     (b. 1878 - d. 1960)  Mil



Niederösterreich  (Lower Austria)

[Niederösterreich
                          (Lower Austria) Civil Flag 1920-1934]
Civil Flag 1920 - 1934
[Niederösterreich
                          (Lower Austria) Civil Flag]
Civil Flag Adopted 1934

[Niederösterreich (Lower
                        Austria) State Flag]
State Flag Adopted
9 Aug 1954

Capital: Sankt Pölten
 (Wien to 1986;
nominally
Krems
1939-1945)

State Anthem
 "O Heimat, dich zu lieben"
 (O' Homeland, to love you)
 Adopted 12 Dec 1965
Population: 1,691,000 (2021)

15 Oct 1938 - 30 Apr 1945  Renamed Niederdonau (Lower Danube).
Apr 1945 - 27 Jul 1955     Soviet occupation.

Premiers
 5 Nov 1918 - 20 May 1919  Leopold Steiner                    (b. 1858 - d. 1927)  CSP
20 May 1919 - 10 Nov 1920  Albert Server                      (b. 1867 - d. 1942)  SDAP
10 Nov 1920 -  9 Jun 1922  Johann Mayer                       (b. 1858 - d. 1941)  CSP
 9 Jun 1922 - 31 Jul 1931  Karl Buresch (1st time)            (b. 1878 - d. 1936)  CSP
31 Jul 1931 - 19 May 1932  Josef Reither (1st time)           (b. 1880 - d. 1950)  CSP
19 May 1932 - 18 May 1933  Karl Buresch (2nd time)            (s.a.)               CSP
18 May 1933 - 11 Mar 1938  Josef Reither (2nd time)           (s.a.)               CSP;1934 VF
30 Jul 1934 - 17 Oct 1935  Eduard Baar-Baarenfels             (b. 1885 - d. 1967)  VF
                             (acting for Reither) 
11 Mar 1938 - 12 Mar 1938  Julius Kampitsch (acting)          (b. 1900 - d. 1974)  NS
12 Mar 1938 - 24 May 1938  Roman Jäger                        (b. 1909 - d. 1943)  NS
24 May 1938 -  1 Apr 1940  Hugo Jury                          (b. 1887 - d. 1945)  NS
Reichsstatthalter
 
1 Apr 1940 -  8 May 1945  Hugo Jury (from Apr 1945, in Krems)(s.a.)               NS
Premiers
27 Apr 1945 - 15 Oct 1945  Leopold Figl (1st time)            (b. 1902 - d. 1965)  ÖVP
                             (acting to 25 May 1945)
15 Oct 1945 -  4 May 1949  Josef Reither (3rd time)           (s.a.)               ÖVP
 4 May 1949 - 14 Jan 1962  Johann Steinböck                   (b. 1894 - d. 1962)  ÖVP
14 Jan 1962 -  9 May 1965  Leopold Figl (2nd time)            (s.a.)               ÖVP
 
9 May 1965 - 16 Jun 1965  Rudolf Hirsch (acting) (1st time)  (b. 1903 - d. 1984)  ÖVP
16 Jun 1965 - 14 Oct 1966  Eduard Hartmann                    (b. 1904 - d. 1966)  ÖVP
14 Oct 1966 - 24 Nov 1966  Rudolf Hirsch (acting) (2nd time)  (s.a.)               ÖVP
24 Nov 1966 - 22 Jan 1981  Andreas Maurer                     (b. 1919 - d. 2010)  ÖVP
22 Jan 1981 - 20 Oct 1992  Siegfried Ludwig                   (b. 1926 - d. 2013)  ÖVP
20 Oct 1992 - 19 Apr 2017  Erwin Pröll                        (b. 1946)            ÖVP
19 Apr 2017 -              Johanna Mikl-Leitner (f)           (b. 1964)            ÖVP



Oberösterreich (Upper Austria)
 
[Oberösterreich
                          (Upper Austria) Civil flag (Austria)]
Civil Flag Re-adopted 1930

[Oberösterreich (Upper
                        Austria) State flag (Austria)]
State Flag Adopted
25 Apr 1949

Capital: Linz
State Anthem
 "Hoamatgsang"
 (Homeland Song)
 Adopted 29 Nov 1952
Population: 1,496,000 (2021)

15 Oct 1938 - 30 Apr 1945  Renamed Oberdonau (Upper Danube).
Apr 1945 - 27 Jul 1955     U.S. occupation, the Mühlviertel area north of
                             the Danube is under Soviet occupation.

Premiers
 4 May 1908 -  8 Feb 1927  Johann Nepomuk Hauser              (b. 1866 - d. 1927)  CSP
 
8 Feb 1927 - 17 Feb 1934  Josef Schlegel                     (b. 1869 - d. 1955)  CSP
                             (acting to 23 Feb 1927)
17 Feb 1934 - 11 Mar 1938  Heinrich Gleissner (1st time)      (b. 1893 - d. 1984)  VF
                             (acting to 1 Mar 1934)
11 Mar 1938 -  1 Apr 1940  August Eigruber                    (b. 1907 - d. 1946)  NS
Reichsstatthalter
 1 Apr 1940 -  5 May 1945  August Eigruber                    (s.a.)               NS
Premiers
16 May 1945 - 25 Oct 1945  Adolf Eigl                         (b. 1883 - d. 1958)  Non-party
26 Oct 1945 -  2 May 1971  Heinrich Gleissner (2nd time)      (s.a.)               ÖVP
 2 May 1971 - 19 Oct 1977  Erwin Wenzl                        (b. 1921 - d. 2005)  ÖVP
19 Oct 1977 -  2 Mar 1995  Josef Ratzenböck                   (b. 1929)            ÖVP
 2 Mar 1995 -  6 Apr 2017  Josef Pühringer                    (b. 1949)            ÖVP
 6 Apr 2017 -              Thomas Stelzer                     (b. 1967
)            ÖVP



Salzburg

[Oberösterreich
                          (Upper Austria) Civil flag (Austria)]
Civil Flag Re-adopted 1921

[Salzburg State Flag
                        (Austria)]
State Flag Adopted 16 Feb 1921

Capital: Salzburg
State Anthem
 "Land uns'rer Väter"
 (Land of our Fathers)
Adopted 24 May 1928

Population: 561,000 (2021)

29 May 1921                Salzburg referendum votes to join Germany (not recognized).
Apr 1945 - 27 Jul 1955     U.S. occupation.

Premiers
21 Jul 1909 - 23 Apr 1919  Alois Winkler (2nd time)          (b. 1838 - d. 1925)  CSP
23 Apr 1919 -  4 May 1922  Oskar Meyer                       (b. 1858 - d. 1943)  CSP
 4 May 1922 - 11 Mar 1938  Franz Rehrl                       (b. 1890 - d. 1947)  CSP;1934 VF
11 Mar 1938 - 24 May 1938  Anton Wintersteiger               (b. 1900 - d. 1991)  NS
24 May 1938 -  1 Apr 1940  Friedrich Rainer                  (b. 1903 - d. 1947)  NS
Reichsstatthalter
 1 Apr 1940 - 29 Nov 1941  Friedrich Rainer                  (s.a.)               NS
29 Nov 1941 -  4 May 1945  Gustav Adolf Scheel               (b. 1907 - d. 1979)  NS
                             (acting to 17 Dec 1941)
Premiers

23 May 1945 - 12 Dec 1945  Adolf Schemel                     (b. 1880 - d. 1961)  ÖVP
12 Dec 1945 -  4 Dec 1947  Albert Hochleitner                (b. 1893 - d. 1964)  ÖVP
 4 Dec 1947 -  1 Dec 1949  Josef Rehrl                       (b. 1895 - d. 1960)  ÖVP
 1 Dec 1949 - 17 Apr 1961  Josef Klaus                       (b. 1910 - d. 2001)  ÖVP
17 Apr 1961 - 20 Apr 1977  Hans Lechner                      (b. 1913 - d. 1994)  ÖVP
20 Apr 1977 -  2 May 1989  Wilfried Haslauer                 (b. 1926 - d. 1992)  ÖVP
 2 May 1989 - 24 Apr 1996  Hans Katschthaler                 (b. 1933 - d. 2012)  ÖVP
24 Apr 1996 - 28 Apr 2004  Franz Schausberger                (b. 1950)            ÖVP
28 Apr 2004 - 19 Jun 2013  Gabi Burgstaller (f)              (b. 1963)            SPÖ
19 Jun 2013 -              Wilfried Haslauer                 (b. 1956)            ÖVP


Steiermark (Styria)
 
[Steiermark
                          (Styria) Civil Flag (Austria)]
Civil Flag Adopted 1920

[Steiermark (Styria)
                        State Flag (Austria)]
State Flag Adopted
1960

Capital: Graz
State Anthem
 "Dachsteinlied"
  (Dachstein song)
Adopted 3 Jul 1929

Population: 1,247,000 (2021)

Nov 1918                   Lower Steiermark, the Marburg (Maribor) area, 
                             annexed to Yugoslavia.

May 1945 - 27 Jul 1955     British occupation. 

Premiers
 6 Nov 1918 - 27 May 1919  Wilhelm Edler von Kaan             (b. 1865 - d. 1945)  GDVP
27 May 1919 - 25 Jun 1926  Anton Rintelen (1st time)          (b. 1876 - d. 1946)  CSP
25 Jun 1926 - 22 Oct 1926  Franz Prisching                    (b. 1866 - d. 1935)  CSP
22 Oct 1926 - 21 May 1927  Alfred Gürtler                     (b. 1875 - d. 1933)  CSP
21 May 1927 - 23 Apr 1928  Hans Paul                          (b. 1871 - d. 1948)  CSP
23 Apr 1928 - 10 Nov 1933  Anton Rintelen (2nd time)          (s.a.)               CSP
10 Nov 1933 -  2 Nov 1934  Alois Dienstleder                  (b. 1885 - d. 1946)  CSP
 2 Nov 1934 -  2 Mar 1938  Karl Maria Stepan                  (b. 1894 - d. 1972)  VF
 3 Mar 1938 - 12 Mar 1938  Rolph Trummer                      (b. 1890 - d. 1954)  VF
12 Mar 1938 - 25 May 1938  Sepp Helfrich                      (b. 1900 - d. 1963)  NS
25 May 1938 -  1 Apr 1940  Sigfried Uiberreither              (b. 1908 - d. 1984)  NS
Reichsstatthalter
 1 Apr 1940 -  8 May 1945  Sigfried Uiberreither              (s.a.)               NS
                            (from 15 Apr 1941, also chief of the 
                             civil administration in Untersteiermark
Premiers

 8 May 1945 - 28 Dec 1945  Reinhard Machold                   (b. 1879 - d. 1960)  SPÖ 
28 Dec 1945 -  6 Jul 1948  Anton Pirchegger                   (b. 1885 - d. 1949)  ÖVP
 6 Jul 1948 - 28 Nov 1971  Josef Krainer                      (b. 1903 - d. 1971)  ÖVP
28 Nov 1971 -  4 Jul 1980  Friedrich Niederl                  (b. 1920 - d. 2012)  ÖVP
 4 Jul 1980 - 23 Jan 1996  Josef Krainer                      (b. 1930 - d. 2016)  ÖVP
23 Jan 1996 - 28 Oct 2005  Waltraud Klasnic (f)               (b. 1945)            ÖVP
28 Oct 2005 - 16 Jun 2015  Franz Voves                        (b. 1953)            SPÖ
16 Jun 2015 -              Hermann Schützenhöfer              (b. 1952)            ÖVP


Tirol (Tyrol)

[Tirol Civil Flag
                          (Austria)]
Civil Flag Re-adopted 1921

[Tirol State Flag
                        (Austria)]
State Flag Adopted
25 Nov 1945

Capital: Innsbruck
State Anthem
  "Andreas-Hofer-Lied"
(Andreas Hofer Song)
Adopted 2 Jun 1948

Population: 760,000 (2021)

23 Nov 1918 - 11 Dec 1920  Italian forces occupy Innsbruck.
10 Sep 1919                Southern Tirol (Südtirol) ceded to Italy.
24 Apr 1921                Tirol votes in referendum to join Germany (not recognized).
May 1945 - 27 Jul 1955     French occupation (East Tirol under British occupation).

Premiers
 2 Jun 1917 -  6 Jun 1921  Josef Schraffl                    (b. 1855 - d. 1922)  CSP
 7 Jun 1921 - 28 Feb 1935  Franz Stumpf                      (b. 1876 - d. 1935)  CSP;1934 VF
28 Feb 1935 - 11 Mar 1938  Josef Schumacher                  (b. 1894 - d. 1971)  VF
                            
(acting to 21 Mar 1935)
11 Mar 1938 - 24 May 1938  Edmund Christoph                  (b. 1901 - d. 1961)  NS
24 May 1938 -  1 Apr 1940  Franz Hofer                       (b. 1902 - d. 1975)  NS
Reichsstatthalter
 1 Apr 1940 -  3 May 1945  Franz Hofer                       (s.a.)               NS
                            (from 27 Sep 1943, also Supreme Commissioner
                             for Operationszone Alpenvorland, in Bozen)

Premiers
 4 May 1945 - 20 Oct 1945  Karl Gruber                       (b. 1909 - d. 1995)  ÖVP
20 Oct 1945 - 31 Jan 1951  Alfons Weissgatterer              (b. 1898 - d. 1951)  ÖVP
31 Jan 1951 - 27 Feb 1951  Josef Anton Mayr (acting)         (b. 1895 - d. 1979)  ÖVP
27 Feb 1951 - 29 Nov 1957  Alois Grauss                      (b. 1890 - d. 1957)  ÖVP

29 Nov 1957 - 30 Jun 1963  Hans Tschiggfrey                  (b. 1904 - d. 1963)  ÖVP
30 Jun 1963 - 13 Jul 1963  Hans Gamper (acting)              (b. 1890 - d. 1970)  ÖVP
13 Jul 1963 -  5 Mar 1987  Eduard Wallnöfer                  (b. 1913 - d. 1989)  ÖVP

 5 Mar 1987 - 13 Mar 1993  Alois Partl                       (b. 1929)            ÖVP
14 Mar 1993 - 26 Oct 2002  Wendelin Weingartner              (b. 1937)            ÖVP
26 Oct 2002 -  1 Jul 2008  Herwig van Staa                   (b. 1942)            ÖVP
 1 Jul 2008 -              Günther Platter                   (b. 1954)            ÖVP

Italian Military Commandants (of III Army Corps) in Innsbruck
23 Nov 1918 -  5 Jan 1919  Vittorio, conte Camerana          (b. 1856 - d. 1923)  Mil
 5 Jan 1919 - 1920         Ugo, conte Sani                   (b. 1865 - d. 1945)  Mil



Vorarlberg
 
[Vorarlberg Civil
                          Flag (Austria)]
Civil Flag Re-adopted 1923

[Vorarlberg State flag
                        (Austria)]
State Flag Adopted 1946

Capital: Bregenz
State Anthem
  "s'Ländle, meine Heimat"
(Little Country, my Homeland)
Adopted Mar 1937

Population: 402,000 (2021)

11 Apr 1919                Vorarlberg votes in referendum to join Switzerland
                             (not recognized).
 1 May 1939 - 30 Apr 1945  Part of Tirol.
May 1945 - 27 Jul 1955     French occupation.

Premiers
 3 Nov 1918 -  9 Dec 1930  Otto Ender (1st time)              (b. 1875 - d. 1960)  CSP
 9 Dec 1930 - 14 Jul 1931  Ferdinand Redler                   (b. 1876 - d. 1936)  CSP
14 Jul 1931 - 24 Jul 1934  Otto Ender (2nd time)              (s.a.)               CSP
24 Jul 1934 - 11 Mar 1938  Ernst Winsauer                     (b. 1890 - d. 1962)  VF
11 Mar 1938 -  1 Feb 1940  Anton "Toni" Plankensteiner        (b. 1890 - d. 1969)  NS
 1 Feb 1940 - 24 May 1945  Post abolished
24 May 1945 - 28 Oct 1964  Ulrich Ilg                         (b. 1905 - d. 1986)  ÖVP
28 Oct 1964 -  9 Jul 1987  Herbert Kessler                    (b. 1925)            ÖVP
 9 Jul 1987 -  2 Apr 1997  Martin Purtscher                   (b. 1928)            ÖVP
 2 Apr 1997 -  7 Dec 2011  Herbert Sausgruber                 (b. 1946)            ÖVP
 7 Dec 2011 -              Markus Wallner                     (b. 1967
)            ÖVP



Wien (Vienna)
 
[Vienna Civil Flag
                          (Austria)]
Civil Flag Adopted 1920

[Vienna State Flag
                        (Austria)]
State Flag Adopted 1946

Capital: Wien (Vienna)
State Anthem
"Donauwalzer"
(Danube Waltz)
(unofficial)

Population: 1,921,000 (2021)

10 Nov 1920                State proclaimed (as provided by the Austrian federal
                             constitution of 1 Oct 1920).
 1 Jan 1922                State de jure separated (formerly part of Niederösterreich).
 
1 May 1934 - 13 Mar 1938  A federal territory, directly dependent (bundesunmittelbar)
                             on the central government, as Stadt Wien (Vienna City).
13 Mar 1938 -  1 Apr 1940  Directly under the German state of Austria (from 1 May 1939,
                             under the Reichskommissar for the Reunification of Austria).
15 Oct 1938 -  1 Sep 1954  City limits greatly expanded.
 1 May 1939 - 30 Apr 1945  Reichsgau Wien.
13 Apr 1945 - 27 Jun 1955  City under Allied occupation.

Premiers and Mayors
10 Nov 1920 - 13 Nov 1923  Jakob Reumann                      (b. 1853 - d. 1925)  SDAP
13 Nov 1923 - 12 Feb 1934  Karl Seitz                         (b. 1869 - d. 1950)  SDAP
Mayors
13 Feb 1934 - 11 Mar 1938  Richard Schmitz                    (b. 1885 - d. 1954)  VF
                             (Bundeskommissar to 1 May 1934)
11 Mar 1938 - 13 Mar 1938  Fritz Lahr (acting)                (b. 1892 - d. 1953)  NS
13 Mar 1938 - 14 Dec 1940  Hermann Neubacher                  (b. 1893 - d. 1960)  NS
14 Dec 1940 - 30 Dec 1943  Philipp Wilhelm Jung               (b. 1884 - d. 1965)  NS
30 Dec 1943 -  6 Apr 1945  Hanns Blaschke                     (b. 1896 - d. 1971)  NS
Reichsstatthalters
 1 Apr 1940 -  7 Aug 1940  Josef Bürckel                      (b. 1895 - d. 1944)  NS
 7 Aug 1940 - 13 Apr 1945  Baldur von Schirach                (b. 1907 - d. 1974)  NS
Premiers and Mayors
13 Apr 1945 - 16 Apr 1945  Rudolf Prikryl (acting Mayor)      (b. 1896 - d. 1965)  Non-party 
17 Apr 1945 - 18 Jun 1951  Theodor Körner                     (b. 1873 - d. 1957)  SPÖ
                             (mayor to 10 Jun 1945)
18 Jun 1951 -  9 Jun 1965  Franz Jonas                        (b. 1899 - d. 1974)  SPÖ
10 Jun 1965 - 17 Dec 1970  Bruno Marek                        (b. 1900 - d. 1991)  SPÖ
21 Dec 1970 -  5 Jul 1973  Felix Slavik                       (b. 1912 - d. 1980)  SPÖ
 5 Jul 1973 - 10 Sep 1984  Leopold Gratz                      (b. 1929 - d. 2006)  SPÖ
10 Sep 1984 -  7 Nov 1994  Helmut Zilk                        (b. 1927 - d. 2008)  SPÖ
 7 Nov 1994 - 24 May 2018  Michael Häupl                      (b. 1949)            SPÖ
24 May 2018 -              Michael Ludwig                     (b. 1961)            SPÖ


Allied Occupation of Vienna
 
Map of Allied Occupation
Sectors of Vienna

 8 Apr 1945                Soviet forces begin invasion of Vienna.
13 Apr 1945                Surrender of Vienna.
12 Sep 1945                Allied occupation sectors established. The first district of
                             Vienna was submitted to the common control of all four Allies
                             as the Inter-Allied Zone under the Inter-Allied Kommandatura,
                             its chairman (commandant of respective Allied sector) rotating
                             monthly (United States Jan, May, Sep; United Kingdom Feb, Jun,
                             Oct; France Mar, Jul, Nov; and Soviet Union Apr, Aug, Dec).
27 Jul 1955                Formal end of Allied occupation of Austria.
19 Sep 1955                Allied forces leave Vienna.
 

American Sector

[US flag]

City commandants
Jul 1945 - Dec 1946        Thomas Edward Lewis                (b. 1898 - d. 1976)
Dec 1946 - Mar 1947        Holmes Ely Dager                   (b. 1893 - d. 1973) 
Mar 1947 - May 1948        Alexander Oscar Gorder             (b. 1893 - d. 1973) 
May 1948 - Nov 1948        Robert Tryon Frederick             (b. 1907 - d. 1970)
Dec 1948 - Jan 1951        Ira Platt Swift                    (b. 1898 - d. 1987)
Feb 1951 - Apr 1954        William Thrower Fitts, Jr.         (b. 1897 - d. 1979)
May 1954 - Sep 1955        William Henry Nutter               (b. 1902 - d. 1987)


British Sector

[United Kingdom flag]

City commandants
Jul 1945 - Nov 1945        Godfrey Vaughan Palmer             (b. 1900 - d. 1972)
Nov 1945 - May 1946        Gerald Lloyd Verney                (b. 1900 - d. 1957) 
Jun 1946 - Dec 1946        Stephen Berthold Gordon-Smith      (b. 1890 - d. 1962)
Dec 1946 - Nov 1949        John Harold Hogshaw                (b. 1896 - d. 1968)
Nov 1949 - Sep 1952        Cyril Knowles                      (b. 1899 - d. 1970)
Oct 1952 - Sep 1955        Ernest Arthur Howard               (b. 1901 - d. 1987)


French Sector

[France]

City commandants
Jul 1945 - Feb 1946        Henri Noėl du Payrat               (b. 1894 - d. 1982)
Feb 1946 - Jul 1949        Henri Maurice Joppé                (b. 1892 - d. 1954)
Jul 1949 - Mar 1950        Pierre Auguste Masson              (b. 1904 - d. 1983)
 
1 Apr 1950 - May 1951     Hermann Antoine Robert Petetin     (b. 1896 - d. 1987)
Jun 1951 - Mar 1953        Raoul Michel Alfred Daviron        (b. 1902 - d. 1977)
Apr 1953 - Nov 1953        Jacques Marie Alfred Gaston Faure  (b. 1904 - d. 1988)
Dec 1953 - Sep 1955        Pierre Jean Raymond Olle-Laprune   (b. 1901 - d. 1970)


Soviet Sector

[Flag of USSR]

City commandants
13 Apr 1945 - Oct 1945     Aleksey Vasilyevich Blagodatov     (b. 1902 - d. 1987)
Oct 1945 - May 1948        Nikita Fyodorovich Lebedenko       (b. 1899 - d. 1956)
May 1948 - Nov 1949        Dmitriy L'vovich Abakumov          (b. 1901 - d. 1962)
Nov 1949 - Jul 1953        Arkadiy Aleksandrovich Boreyko     (b. 1898 - d. 1955) 
Jul 1953 - Sep 1955        Nikolay Matveyevich Molotkov       (b. 1900 - d. 1973)






© Ben Cahoon