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Serbia
 
[Ottoman
                                    Empire]
                   to 27 Apr 1835
 
[Flag
                                    from 1st Serb Uprising]
      14 Feb 1804 - 3 Oct 1813 
 
[Serbia
                                    State Flag 1835-1869]
    27 Apr 1835 - 26 Jun 1869 State Flag
 
[Serbia
                                    Civil Flag 1815-65, 1868-1918,
                                    1941-44, 2004-]
    27 Apr 1835 - 1 Dec 1918 Civil Flag;
   17 Apr 1941 - 20 Oct 1944 National Flag
 
[State flag
                                  and ensign, 1869-1882]
     26 Jun 1869 - 13 Jul 1878 State Flag
 
 
[State
                                    flag and ensign, 1878 - 1882]
      13 Jul 1878 - 6 Mar 1882 State Flag
 
 
[Serbia
                                    State Flag, 1882 - 1918]
       6 Mar 1882 - 1 Dec 1918 State Flag
 
[Flag
                                    of SR Serbia]
                     17 Jan 1947 - 27 Apr 1992 
 
[Serbia Flag 1992-2004, Civil
                                    flag from 2004]
            Adopted 27 Apr 1992;
            Civil Flag from 17 Aug 2004
[Serbia
                                    State Flag]
        Adopted 17 Aug 2004 State Flag



Map of Serbia
Hear National Anthem
"Bože Pravde"
(God of Justice)
Text of National Anthem
 1904-1918, 1941-29 Nov 1945,
Re-adopted 17 Aug 2004
Constitution
(10 Nov 2006)
---------------------------------

Former Constitution
(28 Sep 1990-10 Nov 2006)
Capital: Belgrade
(Kragujevac 1818-1841,
 1914-1915;
Belgrade 1283-1346,
1791-1818, 1841-1914, 1915-1918;
 Smederevo 1430-1791;
Skopje 1346-1430)
Currency: Serbian
Dinar (RSD) (from 2003);
 Serbian Dinar (SRBD)
1868-1920; Serbian Dinar
(SRDD) 1941-1944
National Holiday:
15 Feb (1804/1835)

Dan Državnosti Srbije "Sretenje"
  (Serbian Statehood Day
or "Meeting")
Population: 7,243,007 (2013)
note: does not include Kosovo
5,795,700 (1931)
1,903,400 (1885)
GDP: $80.47 billion (2013)
$10.8 billion (2001)
Exports: $13.1 billion (2013)
Imports: $19.4 billion (2013)
Ethnic groups: Serb 83.3%, Bosniak 2%, Hungarian 3.5%,
 Romany 2.1%, other 5.7%, undeclared or unknown 3.4% (2011)
Total Active Armed Forces: 40,000 (2011)
Merchant marine: None (2010)
Religions: Serbian Orthodox 84.6%, Catholic 5%, Muslim 3.1%,
 Protestant 1%, other 1.9%, undeclared or unknown 4.5% (2011)
International Organizations/Treaties before 1918: ICRM, IOC, IPU, ITU, PCA, UIBPIP, UPU; From 2006: ACS (observer), APM, BIS, BSCE, BTWC, CE, CEFTA, CEI, CERN (associate), CTBT, CTBTO, CWC, DC, EAPC, EBRD, ESCR, EU (candidate), Eutelsat, FAO, G- 9, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt, ICRM, ICSID, IDA, IFC, IFRCS, IHO (suspended), ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, IRENA, ISA, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC, KP, MIGA, NAM (observer), NPT, NSG, NTBT, OAS (observer), OIF (observer), OPCW, OSCE, PAM, PCA, PFP, SECP, SELEC, UN, UNCLOS, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNFCC, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO (observer)
Serbia Index
Chronology
18 Jan 395                 Part of Eastern Roman Empire.
7th cent.                  Settled predominantly by Slavs, under Greek
                             suzerainty.
83. - 997                  Part of autonomous Dioclea (see
Montenegro), within
                             the Byzantine (Eastern Roman) Empire.
997 - Mar? 1018            Part of Bulgaria.
Mar? 1018 - 1071           Byzantine rule as the theme of Sirmium.
1071 - 1091                Part of Dioclea (see Montenegro) by force
                            (presumably coinciding with Hungarian capture of
                             Sirmium).
1091                       Separated from Dioclea (by civil war).
1126                       Under Byzantine suzerainty (by force).
 8 Aug 1217                Serbian Kingdom (by papal coronation).
16 Apr 1346 -  3 Dec 1371  Part of the Serbian Empire, capital at Skopje
 
                            (see under Macedonia).

Sep? 1365                  The coronation of king Vl´kašin (Vukašin) is not
                             recognized by most provincial leaders, resulting
                             in the disintegration of the Serbian state.
1371 - 17 May 1395         Serbian rulers at Velbužd and Prilep become
                            
Ottoman vassals.
1390 - 18 Aug 14
39         Serbia an Ottoman vassal.
17 May 1395                Ottomans annex
Velbužd and Prilep.
Aug 1402                   Despotate of Serbia

Jul 1427 - 29 Aug 1521     Belgrade part of Hungary.
18 Aug 1439 - 12 Jun 1444  Ottoman occupation.
12 Jun 1444                Serbia restored by Hungarian forces (peace treaty
                             effective 22 Aug 1444).
20 Jun 1459                Part of Ottoman Empire (part of Rumelia Eyalet;
                             as sanjak of
Semendire [Smederevo], from 1521
                             also called "Belgrade
Pashaluk").
29 Aug 1521                Ottomans annex Belgrade.
1594
                       Serb rebellion (Banat uprising).
1597 - 1598                Serb rebellion (Grdan's uprising).

 6 Sep 1689 - 10 Sep 1691  Austrian occupation.
22 Aug 1717 -  4 Sep 1739  Austrian occupation, from 1718 organized as Kingdom
                             of Serbia (Königreich Serbien)
within Austria.
 9 Feb 1778 -  7 Sep 1778  Serb rebellion (Koča's Krajina rebellion).
Aug 1789 - Sep 1791        Austrian occupation.

 2 Feb 1804 - 21 Sep 1813  Serbia; uprising against Ottoman rule (New Style
                             dates 14 Feb 1804 - 3 Oct 1813)

 
9 Nov 1815                Principality of Serbia (officially from 25 Oct 1817
                            
under Ottoman suzerainty)(New Style dates 21 Nov
                             1815 and 6 Nov 1817).

30 Nov 1830                Principality of Serbia (Servië)(under Ottoman
                             suzerainty)(New Style date 12 Dec 1830).
19
Apr 1867                Ottomans evacuate Kalemegdan fortress in Belgrade
                             (Old style date 6 Apr 1867)
.
13
Jul 1878                Independence recognized (Old Style date 1 Jul 1878
                             ratified 3 Aug 1878/
22 Jul 1878).
 
6 Mar 1882                Kingdom of Serbia (Old style date 22 Feb 1882).
10 Aug 1913                Southern Serbia, Novi Pazar and Macedonia annexed
                             from Ottoman Empire.
11 Aug 1914 - 21 Aug 1914  Austro-Hungarian occupation of northwestern 
                             Serbia.
 2 Dec 1914 - 15 Dec 1914  Belgrade occupied by Austria-Hungary.
 9 Oct 1915 -  1 Nov 1918  Serbia occupied by Austria-Hungary and Bulgaria
                             (in Vranje to 5 Oct 1918; Niš to 11 Oct 1918).
 1 Dec 1918                Proclamation of the unification of Serbia and
                             the State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs into a
                             single kingdom by public ceremony in Belgrade
                            
(Old Style date 18 Nov 1918).
29 Dec 1918                Parliament of Serbia approves act of unification.

24 Aug 1920                Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes 
 4 Oct 1929                Kingdom of Yugoslavia (Serbia is divided into
                             Vardarska banovina [Banate of the Vardar: see
                             Macedonia], Zetska banovina [Banate of the
                             Zeta: see Montenegro], Moravska banovina [Banate
                             of the Morava] and the City of Belgrade).
13 Apr 1941 - 20 Oct 1944  Serbia and Banat occupied by Germany (Military
                             Administration in Serbia)(from 30 Apr 1941,
                             Serbian state officially named "Serbia").
31 Dec 1941 - 20 Sep 1944  Bulgaria occupies Vardar Macedonia and Southern
                             Pomoravlje (subordinate to German forces).
29 Nov 1943                Yugoslav state declared reconstituted as Democratic
                             Federative Yugoslavia while negotiations with
                             royal government in exile.
29 Nov 1943                Re-incorporation into Yugoslavia declared.
 9 Nov 1944                Serbia
29 Nov 1945                Part of Federal People's Republic of Yugoslavia.
31 Jan 1946                People's Republic of Serbia (within Yugoslavia).
 7 Apr 1963                Socialist Republic of Serbia (within Yugoslavia).
28 Sep 1990                Republic of Serbia (within Yugoslavia)
27 Apr 1992 -  4 Feb 2003  Serbia with Montenegro part of Federal Republic
                             of Yugoslavia
12 Jun 1999                Kosovo under foreign occupation 
                            (UN administration).
 4 Feb 2003                Part of a looser confederation called Serbia
                             and Montenegro.
 5 Jun 2006                Independence, Serbia acknowledges end of the
                             union, declaring itself its legal successor.
17 Feb 2008                Kosovo declares independence (not recognized
                             by Serbia or Russia).  
Yugoslavia
(& Serbia and
Montenegro)

(1918-2006)
Socialist Republic
of Serbia
(1945-1991)
Kosovo
Vojvodina
Sanjak of Nish
(1690-1877)
Serbian Orthodox
Church
Historical Maps
of Serbia


Map of Yugoslav
Banovinas 1929
 

Note: dates before 1835 are given according to Old Style (Julian) calendar, and after according to New Style (Gregorian) calendar. New Style was introduced in Serbia 7/20 Dec 1918, formally from 28 Jan 1919.


Strategoi
1018 - c.1022              Konstantínos Diogénis
                             (Constantine Diogenes)

10 .. - 1040               Theófilos Erotikós
                             (Theophilos Erotikos
)
10.. - 10..                Ljutovid (in Seruie et Zahulmie)   (b. 10.. - d. 1053?)
Grand Zupansą

1091 - c.1114              Vl´kan (Vukan)                     (b. 105. - d. c.1114)
c.1114 - 113.              Bela Uroš                          (b. 108. - d. 113.) 
113. - 1150                Uroš I Urošić (1st time)           (b. 110. - d. af.1161)
1150 - c.1152              Desa Urošić (1st time)             (b. 110. - d. 1179?)
c.1152 - 1155              Uroš I Urošić (2nd time)           (s.a.)           
1155 - 1156                Desa Urošić (2nd time)             (s.a.)
1156 - 1161                Uroš I Urošić (3rd time)           (s.a.)
1161 - 1166                Desa Urošić (3rd time)             (s.a.)   
1166 - 1168                Tihomir Zavidić                    (b. 110. - d. 1168/71)
1166 - 1168                Sracimir Zavidić -Co-ruler         (b. 110. - d. 119.)
1168 - 25 Mar 1196         Stefan Zavidić Nemanja             (b. 1113 - d. 1199)
25 Mar 1196 - 1202         Stefan I Nemanić (Nemanjić)        (b. 115. - d. 1227)
                             (1st time)
1202 - 1204                Stefan Vl´kan Nemanić              (b. 115. - d. 1209)
                            
(Stefan Vukan Nemanjić)
1204 -  8 Aug 1217         Stefan I Nemanić (Nemanjić)        (s.a.)

                             (2nd time)
Kingsą (subordinated to the Emperors of Serbs and Greeks 16 Apr 1346 - 3 Dec 1371)
 
8 Aug 1217 - c.1225       Stefan I (Nemanjić)                (s.a.)
c.1225 - Jan 1234          Stefan Radoslav                    (b. 119. - d. af.1235)
Jan 1234 - Apr 1243        Stefan Vladislav                   (b. 120. - d. 1269?)
Apr 1243 - Oct 1276        Stefan Uroš I "Veliki" (the Great) (b. 121. - d. 1280)
1271 - 1282                Stefan II "Dragutin" (the Dear)    (b. c.1250 - d. 1316)   
                             (co-ruler to Oct 1276)
1282 - 29 Oct 1321         Stefan Uroš II "Milutin"(the Loved)(b. c.1253 - d. 1321)
29 Oct 1321 - 21 Aug 1331  Stefan Uroš III                    (b. c.1276 - d. 1336)
                             (coronation 6 Jan 1322)
29 Oct 1321 - 1323         Vladislav (in Rudnik)(in rebellion)(b. 127. - d. af.1326)
21 Aug 1331 - 16 Apr 1346  Stefan Dušan "Silni" (the Strong)  (b. 1308 - d. 1355)
                             (Stefan Uroš [IV] Dušan)
                             (
coronation 8 Sep 1331)
16 Apr 1346 - 20 Dec 1355  Stefan Uroš (V) "Nejaki" (the Weak)(b. 1337 - d. 1371)   
16 Apr 1346 - 20 Dec 1355  Elena Sracimirović (f) -Regent     (b. 131. - d. 1376)
20 Dec 1355 - Sep? 1365    Vacant  
Sep? 1365 - 26 Sep 1371    Vl´kašin (Mrnjavčević)(Vukašin)    (b. 131. - d. 1371)
26 Sep 1371 - 17 May 1395  Marko (Vl´kašević) (in Prilěp)     (b. 1335? - d. 1395)
Lord
ą (in Priština)
Sep? 1365 - 17 May 1395    Vl´k (Vuk) Branković               (b. c.1329 - d. 1398)
Despot
(in Velbužd)
Sep? 1365 - 1378           Ďoan (Jovan)
Dragaš Dejanović      (b. 135. - d. 1378)
1378 - 17 May 1395         Kostandin
Dragaš Dejanović         (b. 135. - d. 1395)
                             (title Gospodin [Lord])
Princes and Lordsą (in Směderevo)
Oct? 1380 - 15 Jun 1389    Stefan Lazar                       (b. 1329 - d. 1389)
                             (Pribačić Hrbeljanović)
15 Jun 1389 - Aug 1402     Stefan Lazarević Hrebelanović      (b. c.1377 - d. 1427)
                             (Hrebeljanović)
15 Jun 1389 - 1393         Milica (f) -Regent                 (b. 13.. - d. 1405)
Lords, Despotsą
Aug 1402 - 19 Jul 1427     Stefan Lazarević Hrebelanović      (s.a.)  
                             "Visoki" (the Tall)
19 Jul 1427 - 24 Dec 1456  Gjurg´ Vl´ković (Đurađ Vuković)    (b. 1375 - d. 1456)
                             (Djuradj Vuković)
                             (in opposition to Ottoman rule 18 Aug 1439 - 12 Jun 1444)
24 Dec 1456 - 20 Jan 1458  Lazar Gjurg´ević (Lazar Đurđević)  (b. 1421 - d. 1458)
                             (Lazar Djurdjević)
20 Jan 1458 - Mar 1458     Elena ('Eléni Paläologína)(f)      (b. 1431 - d. 1473)
                           + Mihailo Anđelović (Andjelovi
ć)   (b. 14.. - d. 1464)   
                             (Michail ʽo Ángelos)
                           + Stěpan Gjurg'ević                (b. 1417? - d. 1476)
                           (acting)
Mar 1458 -  1 Jun 1459     Stěpan Gjurg'ević (Stefan Đurđević)(s.a.)
                             (Stěpan Djurdjević)
Mar 1458 -  1 Jun 1459     Elena (f) -Regent (1st time)       (s.a.)
 1 Jun 1459 - 20 Jun 1459  Štefan Stepan Tomašević            (b. 1438 - d. 1463)
 1 Jun 1459 - 20 Jun 1459  Elena (f) -Regent (2nd time)       (s.a.)
Ottoman Walis (governors) 

20 Jun 1459 - 14..         .... 
14.. - Jun 1463            Mehmed Bey
Jun 1463 - c.1476          ....
c.1476                     Ali Bey
c.1476 - Dec 1506          ....
Dec 1506 - Oct 1513        Sinan Pasha                        (d. 1517)
1515 - ....                Mehmed Pasha                       (d. 1548)
1594                       Teodor Nestorović                  (d. 1594)
                             (in rebellion, in Banat)
.... - 1691                ....
Austrian Military Commanders
 6 Sep 1689 - 24 Sep 1689  Ludwig Wilhelm Markgraf von Baden  (b. 1655 - d. 1707)
24 Sep 1689 - 1689         Giovanni Norberto conte Piccolomini(b. 1650 - d. 1689)
1689 - 10 Sep 1691         Friedrich Ambros Graf Veterani     (b. 1630 - d. 1695)
Walis
1691 - Sep 1698            ....
Sep 1698 - 21 Oct 1700     Ali Pasha
21 Oct 1700 - Jan 1700     Yuruk Hasan Pasha (1st time)
Jan 1700 - Jun 1703        Vacant
Jun 1703 - Oct 1703        Ali Pasha
Oct 1703 - Oct 1706        Yuruk Hasan Pasha (2nd time)
Oct 1706 - Sep 1708        Haci Ibrahim Pasha
Sep 1708 - Oct 1708        Vacant
Oct 1708 - May 1710        Ali Pasha (1st time)
May 1710 - 16 Jun 1710     Damad Numan Pasha (1st time)       (b. 1670 - d. 1719)
16 Jun 1710 - Jun 1711     Abdullah Pasha
Jan 1712 - Apr 1713        Ali Pasha (2nd time)
Apr 1713 - Dec 1714        Halil Pasha
Dec 1714 - May 1715        Damad Numan Pasha (2nd time)       (s.a.)
May 1715 - Jul 1716        Ahmed Pasha Dizdar
Nov 1716 - 22 Aug 1717     Çelebi Mustafa Pasha
Austrian Military Commander
22 Aug 1717 - 1718         François-Eugčne de Savoie-Carignan (b. 1663 - d. 1736)
                             prince de Savoie-Carignan
                            (Eugen Franz, Prinz von Savoyen-Carignan)

Austrian Military Governors
1718 -  7 Sep 1720         J
ohann Joseph Anton Graf O'Dwyer   (b. 16.. - d. 1729)
 7 Sep 1720 - 1733         Karl Alexander von Württemberg     (b. 1684 - d. 1737)
1733 -  4 Sep 1738         K
arl Christoph Graf von Schmettau  (b. 1696 - d. 1775)
Nov 1738 -  4 Sep 1739     Georg Olivier Graf von Wallis,     (b. 1673 - d. 1744)
                             Freiherr von Carighmain
     
Walis (in Niš 1719-1739)
1718 - Feb 1719            Mehmed Pasha
Feb 1719 - 1721            Abdullah Pasha (1st time)
1721 - Nov 1727            Osman Topal Pasha (1st time)
Nov 1727 - Nov 1730        Abdullah Pasha (2nd time) 
Nov 1730 - Sep 1731        Husein Pasha 
Sep 1731 - Aug 1732        Mehmed Pasha 
Aug 1732 - Aug 1733        Ismail Pasha 
Aug 1733 - Aug 1734        Osman Topal Pasha (2nd time) 
Aug 1734 - Apr 1735        Becir Pasha
Apr 1734 -  4 Sep 1739     Abdullah Pasha (3rd time)
 4 Sep 1739 - 1739         Mehmed Pasha (acting)
1739 - 1740                Ali Pasha
Jul 1740 - Nov 1740        Mustafa Pasha (1st time)
Nov 1740 - 1741            Hafiz Ahmed Pasha (1st time)
1741 - 1742                Mehmed Pasha
1742                       Mehmed Pasha
1742 - 1743                Haci Mustafa Pasha
1743 - 1746                Yahya Pasha
1747 - 1748                Seyid Mehmed Pasha
1748 - 1750                Sherif Halil Yusuf Pasha
1750 - 1752                Hafiz Ahmed Pasha (2nd time)
1753 - 1754                Seyid Numan Pasha
1754 - 1755                Hafiz Ahmed Pasha (3rd time)
1755 - 1756                Mustafa Pasha (2nd time)
1756 - 1758                Ibrahim Pasha
1758 - 1761                Haci Hasan Pasha (1st time)
1761 - 1762                Haci Mustafa Pasha
1762                       Koca Ali Pasha (1st time)
1762 - 1764                Damad Melik Mehmed Pasha           (b. 1719 - d. 1801)
                             (1st time)
1764 - 1768                Mustafa Pasha
1768 - 1769                Haci Hasan Pasha (2nd time)
1769 - 1770                Kara Halil Pasha
1770 - 1772                Haci Halil Pasha
1772 - 1774                Mehmed Asif Pasha (1st time)
1774 - 1775                Osman Pasha
1775 - 1776                Seyid Hasan Pasha
1776 - 1779                Damad Melik Mehmed Pasha           (s.a.) 
                             (2nd time)
1779 - 1781                Mehmed Asif Pasha (2nd time)
1781 - 1783                Mehmed Pasha
1783 - 1784                Izzet Mehmed Pasha
1784 - 1785                Raif Ismail Pasha
1785                       Selim Pasha
1785 - 1786                Yeghen Mahmud Pasha
1786 - 1788                Koca Ali Pasha (2nd time)
1788 - 1789                Osman Pasha
 9 Feb 1788 -  7 Sep 1788  Koča Anđelković (Andjelković)      (b. 1755 - d. 1789)
                             (in rebellion, in Krajina)
Austrian Military Governors
Aug 1789 - 24 Aug 1791     Ernst Gideon Freiherr von Laudon   (b. 1717 - d. 1791)
24 Aug 1791 - 23 Oct 1791  Johann Nepomuk Karl Graf Kolowrat- (b. 1748 - d. 1816)
                             Krakowsky, Freiherr von Ugezd 
Walis 
Sep 1791 -  Jul 1792       Abu Bekir Pasha (1st time)
Jul 1792 - 26 Nov 1792     Mehmed Ali Pasha
26 Nov 1792 - Jan 1793     Ahmad Topal Pasha
1793 - 1795                Abu Bekir Pasha  (2nd time)
Apr 1795 - Jul 1795        Sasit Pasha                        (d. 1830)
Jul 1795 - Mar 1797        Haci Mustafa Pasha (1st time)      (b. 1733 - d. 1801)
Mar 1797 -  8 Jun 1798     Osman Pasha (acting)
1798                       Osman Pazvantoglu Pasha            (b. 1758 - d. 1807)
                             (in rebellion, in parts of Serbia)
23 Nov 1798 - 15 Dec 1801  Haci Mustafa Pasha (2nd time)      (s.a.)
1799 -  7 Aug 1804         Dahia (in rebellion, in Belgrade fortress) 
                           - Mehmed Agha                      (d. 1804) 
                           - Aghani Bayraktar                 (d. 1804) 
                           - Küçük Aliya                      (d. 1804) 
                           - Mula Yusuf                       (d. 1804)
May 1802 - 1804            Hassan Pasha
1804                       Abu Bekir Pasha (in rebellion)
Jun 1804 - 1805            Üskübli Süleyman Pasha (1st time)  (d. 1818)
1805 - Aug 1805            Hafiz Pasha                        (d. 1805)
Aug 1805 - 23 Nov 1806     Halil Pasha (acting)
1806 - 1807                Üskübli Süleyman Pasha (2nd time)  (s.a.)
1807 - 1808                Ibrahim Pasha
 2 Feb 1804 - 21 Sep 1813  Serb rebellion (s.b.)
1813                       Hurshid Ahmed Pasha                (d. 1822)
1813                       Derdenli Pasha
21 Sep 1813 -  9 Nov 1815  Üskübli Süleyman Pasha (3rd time)  (s.a.)
1814 - 1814                Prodan Gligorijević (Hadži-Prodan) (b. 1760 - d. 1825)
                             (in rebellion, in Čačak region)
Nov 1815 -  6 Nov 1817     Marashli Ali Pasha                 (d. 1821)
Ottoman military governors of Kale Meydan (Kalemegdan fortress) in Belgrade
 6 Nov 1817 - Sep 1821     Marashli Ali Pasha                 (s.a.)
Sep 1821 - 1827            Abdurrahman Pasha
1827 - 1833                Hüseyin Pasha
1833 - 1835                Vedyehi Veci Pasha
1835 - 1837                Yusuf Muhlis Pasha 
Dec 1837 - Jan 1841        Hüshrev Pasha Samakuli             (d. 1846)
Jan 1841 - Oct 1843        Haci Mehmed Kamil Pasha            (d. 1859)
Oct 1843 - Jan 1846        Hafiz Mehmed Pasha                 (d. 1866)
Jan 1846 - Feb 1847        Mehmed Vecihi Pasha                (b. 1797 - d. 1867)
Feb 1847 - Jul 1848        Selim Sirri Pasha                  (b. 1800 - d. 1848)
Jul 1848 - Oct 1848        Hafiz Ahmed Pasha                  (d. 1853)
Oct 1848 - May 1850        Hasan Pasha                        (d. 1850)
May 1850 - Apr 1852        Mehmed Vasif Pasha                 (d. 1865)
Apr 1852 - Jul 1852        Mehmed Hurshid Pasha               (d. 1876)
Jul 1852 - Feb 1854        Mehmed Besim Pasha                 (d. 1858)
Feb 1854 - Jan 1855        Ahmed Izzet Pasha                  (b. 1798 - d. 1876)
Jan 1855 - Jan 1857        Aziz Pasha
Jan 1857 - Jul 1857        Hasan Hüsnü Pasha
Jul 1857 - Jan 1861        Sherif Topal Osman Pasha
1861                       Hurshid Pasha 
Apr 1861 - 1863            Reshid Pash
1863 - 1864                Eyub Pasha
1865 - 1866                Ali Pasha 
1866 - 19 Apr 1867         Ali Reza Pasha
Chief (from 14 Dec 1808, Supreme Chief)ą
 2 Feb 1804 - 21 Sep 1813  Đorđe "Karađorđe" Petrović         (b. 1762 - d. 1817)  Mil
                             (Djordje "Karadjordje" Petrović)
                             (in rebellion to 30 Nov 1806 and from 14 Dec 1808)
Princesą
 9 Nov 1815 - 13 Jun 1839  Miloš Obrenović I (1st time)       (b. 1780 - d. 1860)
13 Jun 1839 -  8 Jul 1839  Milan Obrenović II                 (b. 1819 - d. 1839)
15 Jun 1839 - 17 Mar 1840  Provisional Regency
                           (for incapacitated Milan to 8 Jul 1839)
                           - Jevrem Teodorović Obrenović      (b. 1790 - d. 1856)  Mil
                           - Toma Vučić Perišić               (b. 1788 - d. 1859)  Lib
                           - Avram Petronijević               (b. 1791 - d. 1852)  Lib
17 Mar 1840 - 14 Sep 1842  Mihailo Obrenović III (1st time)   (b. 1823 - d. 1868)
                             (in Austria exile from 6 Sep 1842)
 8 Sep 1842 -  7 Nov 1842  Avram Petronijević                 (s.a.)               Lib
                             (acting for Mihailo, then Aleksandar)
14 Sep 1842 - 20 Jun 1843  Aleksandar Karađorđević (1st time) (b. 1806 - d. 1885)
                             (Aleksandar Karadjordjević)
14 Sep 1842 -  7 Nov 1842  Regency 
                           - Toma Vučić Perišić               (s.a.)               Lib
                             (self-styled "leader of the People")
                           - Avram Petronijević               (s.a.)               Lib
                             (president of temporary justice)
20 Jun 1843 - 14 Sep 1843  Regency
                           - Stefan Stefanović "Tenka"        (b. 1797 - d. 1865)  Mil
                           - Lazar Theodorov Theodorović      (b. c.1781 - d. 1846)Con
                           - Milosav Zdravković "Resavac"     (b. 1788 - d. 1854)  Mil
14 Sep 1843 - 23 Dec 1858  Aleksandar Karađorđević (2nd time) (s.a.)
23 Dec 1858 - 24 Dec 1858  Miša Anastasijević                 (b. 1803 - d. 1885)  Lib
                             (President of the People's Assembly)
24 Dec 1858 - 26 Sep 1860  Miloš Obrenović I (2nd time)       (s.a.)
24 Dec 1858 -  9 Feb 1859  Represenatives of the Prince (Regency) 
                           - Ilija Garašanin                  (b. 1812 - d. 1874)  Con
                             (to 17 Jan 1859)
                           - Stefan "Stevča" Mihajlović       (b. 1804 - d. 1888)  Lib
                           - Jeftimije Ugričić                (b. 1800 - d. 1886)
                           - Stefan Mitrov Magazinović        (b. 1804 - d. 1874)
26 Sep 1860 - 10 Jun 1868  Mihailo Obrenović III (2nd time)   (s.a.)
10 Jun 1868 -  2 Jul 1868  Provisional Regency
                           - Jovan Marinović                  (b. 1821 - d. 1893)  Con
                              (president of state council)
                           - Rajko Jovanović Lešjanin         (b. 1826 - d. 1872)
                           - Đorđe (Djordje) Jovanov Petrović
 2 Jul 1868 -  6 Mar 1882  Milan Obrenović IV                 (b. 1854 - d. 1901)
 2 Jul 1868 - 22 Aug 1872  Regency
                           - Milivoje Petrović Blaznavac      (b. 1824 - d. 1873)  Mil
                           - Jovan Ristić                     (b. 1831 - d. 1899)  Lib
                           - Jovan Gavrilović                 (b. 1796 - d. 1877)
Kingsą
 6 Mar 1882 -  6 Mar 1889  Milan I                            (s.a.)
 6 Mar 1889 - 11 Jun 1903  Aleksandar I                       (b. 1876 - d. 1903)
 6 Mar 1889 - 13 Apr 1893  Regency
                           - Jovan Ristić                     (s.a.)               LS
                           - Jovan Belimarković               (b. 1827 - d. 1906)  Mil
                           - Kosta S. Protić (to 16 Jun 1892) (b. 1831 - d. 1892)  Mil
11 Jun 1903 - 25 Jun 1903  Jovan Avakumović -Regent           (b. 1841 - d. 1928)  LS
15 Jun 1903 -  1 Dec 1918  Petar I                            (b. 1844 - d. 1921)
                             (from Nov 1915, in Corfu, Greece exile)
 5 Jul 1914 -  1 Dec 1918  Prince Aleksandar Karađorđević     (b. 1888 - d. 1934)  Non-party
                             (Karadjordjević) -Regent 
Austro-Hungarian Commanders 
(in north eastern Serbia only 2 Dec 1915, then in Belgrade) 
12 Aug 1914 - 27 Dec 1914  Oskar Potiorek                     (b. 1853 - d. 1933)
27 Dec 1914 - 27 May 1915  Eugen Ferdinand, Erzherzog von     (b. 1863 - d. 1954)
                             Habsburg-Lothringen
27 May 1915 - 27 Sep 1915  Karl Tersztyánszky von Nádás       (b. 1854 - d. 1921)
27 Sep 1915 -  1 Jan 1916  Hermann Albin Josef Freiherr       (b. 1854 - d. 1924)
                             Kövess von Kövessháza 
Austro-Hungarian Military Governors-general
 1 Jan 1916 - Jul 1916     Johan Ulrich Graf von Salis-       (b. 1862 - d. 1940)
                             Seewis
 6 Jul 1916 - Oct 1918     Adolf Freiherr von Rhemen zu       (b. 1855 - d. 1932)
                             Barensfeld
Oct 1918 -  1 Nov 1918     Hermann Albin Josef Freiherr       (s.a.)
                             Kövess von Kövessháza
Bulgarian Chiefs of the Moravian Military Inspection Oblast 
27 Nov 1915 -  6 May 1917  Vasil Ivanov Kutinchev             (b. 1859 - d. 1941)
May 1917 - Dec 1917        Aleksandur Nikolov Protogerov      (b. 1867 - d. 1928)
Dec 1917 - Feb 1918        Petur Georgiev Durvingov           (b. 1875 - d. 1953)
Bans of the Morava 
 9 Oct 1929 - 1931         Đorđe (Djordje) B. Nestorović      (b. 1864 - d. 1932)
1931 - 1932                Đorđe (Djordje) Drenovac 
1932 - 1935                Jeremija Živanović                 (b. 1874 - d. 1940)
1935 - 1936                Dobrica Matković                   (b. 1887 - d. 1973)
27 Apr 1936 - 1937         Marko Novaković    
1937 - Sep 1938            Predrag Lukić
Sep 1938 - 1939            Janićije Krasojević
1939 - 1941                Milan Nikolić                      (b. 1877 - d. 1943)
1941 - 17 Apr 1941         Ivan Đorđević (Djordjević)         (b. 1893 - d. 19..)
Presidents of municipality of Belgrade
18 Feb 1929 - 23 May 1930  Miloš Savčić                       (b. 1865 - d. 1941)
23 May 1930 - 12 May 1932  Milan Nešić                        (b. 1886 - d. 19..)
12 May 1932 -  5 Jan 1935  Milutin Petrović
10 Jan 1935 - 13 Sep 1939  Vlada Ilić                         (b. 1882 - d. 1952)
13 Sep 1939 - 20 Jun 1940  Vojin Đuričić (Djuricić)           (b. 1888 - d. 1944)
20 Jun 1940 - 12 Apr 1941  Jevrem Tomić                       (d. 1941)
12 Apr 1941 - 19 Jun 1941  Ivan Milićević (acting)
King
29 Aug 1941 - 20 Oct 1944  Government under German occupation 
                           carried on in the name of the
                           absent and non-consenting
                           King Petar II                      (b. 1923 - d. 1970)
German Military Commanders in Serbia
13 Apr 1941 - 19 Apr 1941  Ewald von Kleist                   (b. 1881 - d. 1954)
                             (1st Panzergruppe commander)
19 Apr 1941 - 31 May 1941  Helmuth Förster                    (b. 1889 - d. 1965)
 1 Jun 1941 - 28 Jul 1941  Ludwig Wilhelm von Schröder        (b. 1884 - d. 1941)
29 Jul 1941 - 20 Oct 1941  Heinrich Bernhard Danckelmann      (b. 1887 - d. 1947)
German Representatives and Military Commanders in Serbia
19 Sep 1941 - 10 Dec 1941  Franz Boehme                       (b. 1885 - d. 1947)
11 Dec 1941 - 16 Mar 1942  Paul Bader                         (b. 1883 - d. 1971)
German Military Commanders in Serbia
16 Mar 1942 - 19 Aug 1943  Paul Bader                         (s.a.)
20 Aug 1943 - 20 Oct 1944  Hans-Gustav Felber                 (b. 1889 - d. 1962)
                            (commander of the army department Serbia)
Bulgarian Commander of the 1st Corps of Occupation
(in Niš, Serbia; subordinated to the German commanders)
11 Apr 1942 -  4 Sep 1944  Asen Nikolov                       (b. 1891 - d. 1946) 
Presidents
11 Jan 1991 - 23 Jul 1997  Slobodan Milošević                 (b. 1941 - d. 2006)  SPS
23 Jul 1997 - 29 Dec 1997  Dragan Tomić (acting)              (b. 1937)            SPS
29 Dec 1997 - 29 Dec 2002  Milan Milutinović                  (b. 1942)            SPS
30 Dec 2002 - 27 Jan 2004  Nataša Mićić (f)(acting)           (b. 1965)            GSS
27 Jan 2004 -  4 Feb 2004  Velimir Simonović (acting)         (b. 1928)            DSS
 4 Feb 2004 -  3 Mar 2004  Dragan Maršićanin (acting)         (b. 1950)            DSS
 3 Mar 2004 -  4 Mar 2004  Vojislav Mihailović (acting)       (b. 1951)            SPO
 4 Mar 2004 - 11 Jul 2004  Predrag Marković (acting)          (b. 1955)            G17
11 Jul 2004 -  5 Apr 2012  Boris Tadić                        (b. 1958)            DS
 5 Apr 2012 - 31 May 2012  Slavica Đukić Dejanović (f)(acting)(b. 1951)            SPS
                             (Slavica Djukić Dejanović)
31 May 2012 -              Tomislav Nikolić                   (b. 1952)            SNS

  
Presidents of the Administering Council
12 Aug 1805 - Jan 1807     Mateja Nenadović                   (b. 1777 - d. 1854)
Jan 1807 - Jan 1808        Sima Marković                      (b. 1768 - d. 1817)  Mil
Jan 1808 - Jan 1810        Mladen Milovanović                 (b. c.1760 - d. 1823)Mil
Jan 1810 - 10 Jan 1811     Jakov Nenadović                    (b. 1765 - d. 1836)  Mil
Presidents of People's Chancellery
21 Nov 1815 - 16 May 1816  Petar Nikolajević Moler            (b. 1775 - d. 1816)
1818 - 1820                Avram Petronijević (1st time)      (s.a.)
1821 - 1826                Jevrem Obrenović                   (b. 1790 - d. 1856)
1826                       Avram Petronijević (2nd time)      (s.a.)            
1826                       Miloje Todorović                   (b. 1762 - d. 1832)
1826 - 1835                Dimitrije "Dimitri" Davidović      (b. 1789 - d. 1839)
1835 - 1839                Jakov Živanović                    (b. 1808 - d. 1861)
Representatives of the Prince (Chief ministers)
15 Feb 1835 - 28 Mar 1836  Koča Marković                      (b. 1795 - d. 1836)
28 Mar 1836 - 26 Feb 1839  Stefan Stefanović "Tenka" (acting) (s.a.)               Mil
26 Feb 1839 -  8 May 1840  Avram Petronijević (1st time)      (s.a.)               Lib
 8 May 1840 - 15 May 1840  Paun Janković (acting)             (b. 1808 - d. 1865)
15 May 1840 -  8 Sep 1842  Đorđe (Djordje) Protić             (b. 1793 - d. 1857)  Mil
                             (acting to 24 Jun 1840)
 8 Sep 1842 - 20 Jun 1843  Avram Petronijević (2nd time)      (s.a.)               Lib
                             (chairman of provisional administration to 7 Nov 1842)
20 Jun 1843 - 29 Nov 1843  Aleksa Janković (1st time)         (b. 1806 - d. 1869)  Lib
                             (acting [for Simic from 6 Oct 1843])
 6 Oct 1843 - 11 Oct 1844  Aleksa Simić (1st time)            (b. 1800 - d. 1872)  Lib
11 Oct 1844 - 22 Apr 1852  Avram Petronijević (3rd time)      (s.a.)               Lib
Oct 1851 - 25 Sep 1852     Aleksa Janković (2nd time)         (s.a.)               Lib
                             (acting [for Petronijevic to 22 Apr 1852])
25 Sep 1852 - 26 Mar 1853  Ilija Garašanin (1st time)         (s.a.)               Con
26 Mar 1853 - 28 Dec 1855  Aleksa Simić (2nd time)            (s.a.)               Lib
28 Dec 1855 - 10 Jun 1856  Aleksa Janković (3rd time)         (s.a.)               Lib
10 Jun 1856 - 28 Sep 1856  Stevan Marković (1st time)(acting) (b. 1804 - d. 1864)  Lib
28 Sep 1856 -  1 Jul 1857  Aleksa Simić (3rd time)            (s.a.)               Lib
 1 Jul 1857 - 12 Jun 1858  Stevan Marković (2nd time)         (s.a.)               Lib
12 Jun 1858 - 18 Apr 1859  Stevan Mitrov Magazinović (acting) (s.a.)
18 Apr 1859 -  8 Nov 1860  Cvětko Rajović                     (b. 1793 - d. 1873)  Con
 8 Nov 1860 - 21 Oct 1861  Filip Hristić                      (b. 1819 - d. 1903)  Con
21 Oct 1861 - 22 Mar 1862  Ilija Garašanin (2nd time)         (s.a.)               Con
Prime ministers (Chairmen of the council of ministers; from 3 Jul 1868,
Presidents of the council of ministers)
22 Mar 1862 - 15 Nov 1867  Ilija Garašanin (2nd time)         (s.a.)               Con
15 Nov 1867 -  3 Dec 1867  Jovan Ristić (1st time)(acting)    (s.a.)               Lib
 3 Dec 1867 -  3 Jul 1868  Nikola Hristić (1st time)          (b. 1818 - d. 1911)  Con
 3 Jul 1868 -  8 Aug 1869  Đorđe (Djordje) Cenić              (b. 1825 - d. 1903)  Con
 8 Aug 1869 - 22 Aug 1872  Radivoje Milojković                (b. 1832 - d. 1888)  Lib
22 Aug 1872 -  5 Apr 1873  Milivoje Petrović Blaznavac        (s.a.)               Mil
 5 Apr 1873 -  3 Nov 1873  Jovan Ristić (2nd time)            (s.a.)               Lib
                             (acting to 14 Apr 1873)
 3 Nov 1873 -  7 Dec 1874  Jovan Marinović                    (b. 1821 - d. 1893)  Con
 7 Dec 1874 -  3 Feb 1875  Aćim Čumić                         (b. 1836 - d. 1901)  Con
 3 Feb 1875 - 31 Aug 1875  Danilo Stefanović                  (b. 1815 - d. 1886)  Con
31 Aug 1875 -  8 Oct 1875  Stefan "Stevča" Mihailović         (s.a.)               Lib
                             (1st time)
 8 Oct 1875 -  6 May 1876  Ljubomir Kaljević                  (b. 1841 - d. 1907)  Lib
 6 May 1876 - 13 Oct 1878  Stefan "Stevča" Mihailović         (s.a.)               Lib
                             (2nd time)
13 Oct 1878 -  2 Nov 1880  Jovan Ristić (3rd time)            (s.a.)               Lib
 2 Nov 1880 - 13 Oct 1883  Milan Piroćanac                    (b. 1837 - d. 1897)  SNS
13 Oct 1883 -  1 Mar 1884  Nikola Hristić (2nd time)          (s.a.)               Con
 1 Mar 1884 - 13 Jun 1887  Milutin Garašanin                  (b. 1843 - d. 1908)  SNS
13 Jun 1887 - 31 Dec 1887  Jovan Ristić (4th time)            (s.a.)               LS
31 Dec 1887 - 26 Apr 1888  Sava Grujić (1st time)             (b. 1840 - d. 1913)  Mil
26 Apr 1888 -  6 Mar 1889  Nikola Hristić (3rd time)          (s.a.)               Con
 6 Mar 1889 -  7 Mar 1889  Kosta Protić                       (s.a.)               Mil
 7 Mar 1889 - 23 Feb 1891  Sava Grujić (2nd time)             (s.a.)               Mil
23 Feb 1891 - 21 Aug 1892  Nikola Pašić (1st time)            (b. 1845 - d. 1926)  NRS
21 Aug 1892 - 13 Apr 1893  Jovan Avakumović (1st time)        (s.a.)               LS
13 Apr 1893 -  5 Dec 1893  Lazar Dokić                        (b. 1845 - d. 1893)  NRS
 5 Dec 1893 - 24 Jan 1894  Sava Grujić (3rd time)             (s.a.)               Mil
24 Jan 1894 -  2 Apr 1894  Đorđe (Djordje) Simić (1st time)   (b. 1843 - d. 1921)  Non-party
 2 Apr 1894 - 27 Oct 1894  Svetomir Nikolajević               (b. 1844 - d. 1922)  NRS
27 Oct 1894 -  7 Jul 1895  Nikola Hristić (4th time)          (s.a.)               Con
 7 Jul 1895 - 29 Dec 1896  Stojan Novaković (1st time)        (b. 1842 - d. 1915)  SNS
29 Dec 1896 - 23 Oct 1897  Đorđe Simić (2nd time)             (s.a.)               Non-party
23 Oct 1897 - 24 Jul 1900  Vladan Đorđević (Djordjević)       (b. 1844 - d. 1930)  SNS
24 Jul 1900 -  2 Apr 1901  Aleksa Jovanović                   (b. 1846 - d. 1920)  Non-party
 2 Apr 1901 - 20 Oct 1902  Mihailo Vujić                      (b. 1853 - d. 1913)  Rad
20 Oct 1902 - 19 Nov 1902  Petar Velimirović (1st time)       (b. 1848 - d. 1921)  NRS
19 Nov 1902 - 11 Jun 1903  Dimitrije Cincar-Marković          (b. 1849 - d. 1903)  Mil
11 Jun 1903 -  4 Oct 1903  Jovan Avakumović (2nd time)        (s.a.)               LS
 4 Oct 1903 - 10 Dec 1904  Sava Grujić (4th time)             (s.a.)               Mil
10 Dec 1904 - 29 May 1905  Nikola Pašić (2nd time)            (s.a.)               NRS
29 May 1905 - 14 Mar 1906  Ljubomir Stojanović                (b. 1860 - d. 1930)  SRS
14 Mar 1906 - 30 Apr 1906  Sava Grujić (5th time)             (s.a.)               Mil
30 Apr 1906 - 20 Jul 1908  Nikola Pašić (3rd time)            (s.a.)               NRS
20 Jul 1908 - 24 Feb 1909  Petar Velimirović (2nd time)       (s.a.)               NRS
24 Feb 1909 - 24 Oct 1909  Stojan Novaković (2nd time)        (s.a.)               SNS
24 Oct 1909 -  7 Jul 1911  Nikola Pašić (4th time)            (s.a.)               NRS
 7 Jul 1911 -  1 Jul 1912  Milovan Milovanović                (b. 1863 - d. 1912)  NRS
 1 Jul 1912 - 12 Sep 1912  Marko Trifković                    (b. 1864 - d. 1930)  NRS
12 Sep 1912 -  1 Dec 1918  Nikola Pašić (5th time)            (s.a.)               NRS
                             (from Nov 1915 in Corfu, Greece exile)
President of the Council of Commissioners
30 Apr 1941 - 29 Aug 1941  Milan Aćimović                     (b. 1898 - d. 1946)  Non-party
President of the Ministerial Council (of the Serbian Government of National Salvation)
29 Aug 1941 - 10 Oct 1944  Milan Nedić                        (b. 1877 - d. 1946)  Mil
Chairman of the Board of Public Administration in Serbia
10 Oct 1944 - 20 Oct 1944  Ivan Petković                      (b. 1902 - d. 1972)  Non-party
Prime ministers
11 Feb 1991 - 23 Dec 1991  Dragutin Zelenović                 (b. 1928)            SPS
23 Dec 1991 - 10 Feb 1993  Radoman Božović                    (b. 1953)            SPS
10 Feb 1993 - 18 Mar 1994  Nikola Šainović                    (b. 1948)            SPS
18 Mar 1994 - 24 Oct 2000  Mirko Marjanović                   (b. 1937 - d. 2006)  SPS
24 Oct 2000 - 25 Jan 2001  Milomir Minić                      (b. 1950)            SPS
- acting deputy prime ministers [de facto co-prime ministers] -
24 Oct 2000 - 25 Jan 2001  Nebojša Čović                      (b. 1958)            DA
                           + Spasoje Krunić                   (b. 1939)            SPO
Prime ministers
25 Jan 2001 - 12 Mar 2003  Zoran Đinđić (Djindjić)            (b. 1952 - d. 2003)  DS
12 Mar 2003 - 16 Mar 2003  Nebojša Čović (acting)             (s.a.)               DA
17 Mar 2003 - 18 Mar 2003  Žarko Korać (acting)               (b. 1947)            SDP
18 Mar 2003 -  3 Mar 2004  Zoran Živković                     (b. 1960)            DS
 3 Mar 2004 -  7 Jul 2008  Vojislav Koštunica                 (b. 1944)            DSS
 7 Jul 2008 - 27 Jul 2012  Mirko Cvetković                    (b. 1950)            Non-party
27 Jul 2012 - 27 Apr 2014  Ivica Dačić                        (b. 1966)            SPS
27 Apr 2014 -              Aleksandar Vučić                   (b. 1970)            SNS


 ąStyle of the rulers (minor and major variations in exist):
(a) c.1186 - 1217: Velie Župani ("Grand Zupans");
(b) 1217 - 16 Apr 1346: Krali i Samodr'ž'ci vsěh Sr'bskih zeml' i Pomor'skih ("Kings and Autocrats of all Serbian lands and the Littoral");
(c) 16 Apr 1346 - 1365: Kral' vsěm Sr'bljem ("King of all Serbs");
(d) 1365 - 17 May 1395: Kral ("King"); and 1365 - 17 May 1395 (in Priština): Gospodar Sr'blem i Podunaju ("Lords of the Serbs and land along the Danube"); and 1365 - 17 May 1395 (in Velbužd): Despoti ("Despots");
(e) 1380 - Aug 1402 (in Směderevo): Knezovi Sr'blem i Podunavďju gospoda ("Princes of the Serbs and of land along the Danube Lords");
(f) Aug 1402 - 1 Jun 1459: Gospodar Sr'bljem despoti ("Lords of the Serbs, Despots");
(g) 2 Feb 1804 - 14 Dec 1808: Verhovnyj komendant ("Supreme Commander");
(h) 14 Dec 1808 - 11 Jan 1811: Verhovnyj Serbskij Predvoditelʹ ("Supreme Serbian Leader");
(
i) 11 Jan 1811 - 21 Sep 1813: Verhovnyj Vožd Serbskij ("Supreme Serbian Leader");
(j) 9 Nov 1815 - 25 Oct/6 Nov 1817: Verhovnyj Kněz i Predvoditelʹ naroda serbskog ("Supreme Prince and Leader of the Serbian People");
(k) 6 Nov 1817 - 10 Jun 1868 (New Style): Knjaz serbskij ("Serbian Prince");
(l) 2 Jul 1868 - 6 Mar 1882 (New Style): Po milosti Božijoj i volji naroda Knez Srpski ("By the grace of God and the will of the people, Serbian Prince");
(m) 6 Mar 1882 - 1 Dec 1918 (New Style): Po milosti Božjoj i volji narodnoj Kralj Srbije
("By the grace of God and the will of the people, King of Serbia").

Territorial Disputes: Serbia with several other states protest the U.S. and other states' recognition of Kosovo's declaration of its status as a sovereign and independent state in Feb 2008; ethnic Serbian municipalities along Kosovo's northern border challenge final status of Kosovo-Serbia boundary; several thousand NATO-led Kosovo Force peacekeepers under United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo authority continue to keep the peace within Kosovo between the ethnic Albanian majority and the Serb minority in Kosovo; Serbia delimited about half of the boundary with Bosnia and Hercegovina, but sections along the Drina River remain in dispute.

Party abbreviations: DS = Demokratska Stranka (Democratic Party, centrist 1919-1945, social democratic, re-est. 3 Feb 1990); DSS = Demokratska Stranka Srbije (Democratic Party of Serbia, conservative, split from DS, est.26 Jul 1992); SNS = Srpska Napredna Stranka (Serbian Progressive Party, center-right, conservative, pro-European, split from SRS, 1881-96, 1906-19, 1920-25, re-est.2008); SPO = Srpski Pokret Obnove (Serbian Renewal Movement, center-right, monarchist, est.14 Mar 1990); SPS = Socijalistička partija Srbije (Socialist Party of Serbia, socialist, former SKS, to 2000 authoritarian, est.27 Jul 1990); SRS = Srpska Radikalna Stranka (Serbian Radical Party, nationalist, right-wing populist, 1935-1945, re-est.23 Feb 1991); Mil = Military;
- Former parties: Con = Conservative; DA = Demokratska Alternativa (Democratic Alternative, member of DOS, splinters of DS, 1997-2003, merged into SDP); DOS = Demokratska Opozicija Srbije (Democratic Opposition of Serbia, wide alliance of democratic political parties,  anti-SPS and anti-Slobodan Milošević, 2000-17 Nov 2003); G17 = Group of 17 Plus (liberal conservative, 2002-2013); GSS = Gradjanski Savez Srbije (Civic Alliance of Serbia, liberal, merger of Republican Club and Reform Party, 1992 - 7 Apr 2007, merged into LDS); KPS = Komunistička Partija Srbije (Communist Party of Serbia, 1941-1952, renamed SKS); Lib = Liberal; LS = Srpska Liberalna Stranka (Serbian Liberal Party, liberal, 1881-1904 merged into NS, re-est.1991-2010); ND = Nova Demokratija (New Democracy, liberal, split from SPS, 1990-1998, merged into DSS); NP = Napredna Stranka (Progressive Party, "young" conservatives); NRS = Narodna Radikalna Stranka (People's Radical Party, 1881-1929); NS = Narodna Stranka (People's Party, 1904-1919); Rad = Radical; SDP = Socijaldemokratija Partija (Social Democracy Party, social-democratic, 2002-2009); SKS = Savez Komunista Srbije (League of Communists of Serbia, former KPS, 1952-27 Jul 1990, then SPS); SNRS = Srpska Narodna Radikalna Stranka (Serbian People's Radical Party, radical liberal, 1881-1929); SRS = Samostalna Radikalna Stranka (Independent Radical Party, radical liberal, split from NS, 1901-1919)

Nish (Niş)

1439                       Part of Ottoman Empire; part of Eyalet of Rumelia (see
                             under
Bulgaria) as sanjak of Nish (
Niş). 
Nov 1443 - 1448            Hungarian/Serbian occupation.
24 Sep 1689 -  8 Sep 1690  Austrian occupation.

Jul 1737 - 16 Oct 1737     Austrian occupation.
1864 - 1868                Part of Tuna (Danube) vilayet.  
1868 - 1878                Part of Prizren vilayet (see under Kosovo)
                             (briefly part of Novi Pazar vilayet 1871-1872).   
11 Jan 1878 - 13 Jul 1878  Occupied by Serbia.
13 Jul 1878                Annexed by Serbia.

Walis (governors) of Nish
24 Sep 1689 -  8 Sep 1690  Austrian occupation
 
8 Sep 1690 - 1718         ....

1718 - Feb 1719            Mehmed Pasha
Feb 1719 - 1721            Abdullah Paha (1st time) 
1721 - Nov 1727            Osman Topal Pasha (1st time)
Nov 1727 - Nov 1730        Abdullah Pasha (2nd time)
Nov 1730 - Sep 1731        Hüseyin Pasha
Sep 1731 - Aug 1732        Mehmed Pasha
Aug 1732 - Aug 1733        Ismail Pasha
Aug 1733 - Aug 1734        Osman Topal Pasha (2nd time)
Aug 1734 - Apr 1735        Becir Pasha
Apr 1735 - Jul 1737        Abdullah Pasha (3rd time)
Jul 1737 - 16 Oct 1737     Austrian occupation
16 Oct 1735 - 1739?        Abdullah Pasha (4th time)
.... - 1805                Hafiz Pasha
1805 - 1839                ....
May 1839 - Oct 1839        Mehmed Vasif Pasha (1st time)      (d. 1865)
Oct 1839 - Mar 1840        Mirza Mehmed Said Pasha            (d. 1871)
Mar 1840 - Apr 1840        Köse Ahmed Pasha                   (d. 1841)
May 1840 - Sep 1844        Mustafa Sabri Pasha                (d. 1851)
Sep 1844 - Nov 1845        Hafiz Ahmed Pasha                  (d. 1853)
Dec 1845 - May 1850        Mehmed Vasif Pasha (2nd time)      (s.a.)
1852 - Jul 1852            Besim Pasha                        (d. 1858)
1852 - 1857                ....
1857 - 1858                Mehmed Vasif Pasha (3rd time)      (s.a.)
1859 - 1860                Zaymal Pasha
May 1860 - Feb 1861        Osman Pasha                        (d. 1878)
Feb 1861 - Aug 1864        Ahmed Shefik Midhat Pasha          (b. 1822 - d. 1883)
1864 - 12 May 1867         Süleyman Pasha
12 May 1867 - 1872         Abdurrahman Nureddin Pasha         (b. 1833 - d. 1912)
1872 - 1876                ....
 7 Jul 1876 - 1877         Mazhar Ahmed Pasha
1877 - 29 Dec 1877         Kürd Reshid Pasha                  (b. 1841 - d. ....)



Socialist Republic of Serbia

 
[Flag of SR
                Serbia]
                     17 Jan 1947 - 27 Apr 1992 

31 Jan 1946                People's Republic of Serbia
 7 Apr 1963                Socialist Republic of Serbia

Secretaries of the Central Committee of the Communist Party
(from 1952, League of Communists)
1941 - 1948                Blagoje Nešković                  (b. 1907 - d. 1984)
1948 - Mar 1957            Petar Stambolić                   (b. 1912 - d. 2007)
Mar 1957 -  4 Nov 1966     Jovan Veselinov "Žarko"           (b. 1906 - d. 1982)
Chairmen of the Central Committee of the League of Communists
 4 Nov 1966 - Feb 1968     Dobrivoje Radosavljević           (b. 1915 - d. 1984)
Feb 1968 - Nov 1968        Petar Stambolić                   (s.a.)
Nov 1968 - 26 Oct 1972     Marko Nikezić                     (b. 1921 - d. 1991)
26 Oct 1972 - May 1982     Tihomir Vlaškalić                 (b. 1923 - d. 1993)
May 1982 - 17 May 1984     Dušan Čkrebić                     (b. 1927)
17 May 1984 - 1985         Radiša Gacić                      (b. 1938)
1985 - May 1986            Ivan Stambolić                    (b. 1936 - d. 2000)
May 1986 - 24 May 1989     Slobodan Milošević                (b. 1941 - d. 2006)
24 May 1989 - 16 Jul 1990  Bogdan Trifunović                 (b. 1933 - d. 2007)
 

Chairman of the Anti-Fascist Assembly of People's Liberation
12 Nov 1944 -  7 Apr 1945  Siniša Stanković                  (b. 1892 - d. 1974)  Non-party
President of the Presidium of the People's Assembly
 7 Apr 1945 - Mar 1953     Siniša Stanković                  (s.a.)              KPS;1952 SKS
Presidents of the National Assembly
Mar 1953 - 16 Dec 1953     ....
16 Dec 1953 -  6 Apr 1957  Petar Stambolić                   (s.a.)               SKS
  6 Apr 1957 - 26 Jun 1963  Jovan Veselinov "Žarko"           (s.a.)               SKS
26 Jun 1963 -  6 May 1967  Dušan Petrović "Šane"             (b. 1914 - d. 1977)  SKS
 6 May 1967 -  6 May 1969  Miloš Minić                       (b. 1914 - d. 2003)  SKS
 6 May 1969 - 19 Apr 1974  Dragoslav Marković                (b. 1920 - d. 2005)  SKS
19 Apr 1974 -  6 May 1974  Živan Vasiljević                  (b. 1920 - d. 2007)  SKS
Presidents of the Presidency
 6 May 1974 -  5 May 1978  Dragoslav Marković                (s.a.)               SKS
 5 May 1978 -  5 May 1982  Dobrivoje Vidić "Baja"            (b. 1918 - d. 1991)  SKS
 5 May 1982 - 15 May 1984  Nikola Ljubičić                   (b. 1916 - d. 2005)  SKS
15 May 1984 -  5 May 1985  Dušan Čkrebić                     (s.a.)               SKS
 5 May 1985 - 14 Dec 1987  Ivan Stambolić                    (s.a.)               SKS
14 Dec 1987 - 20 Mar 1989  Petar Gračanin                    (b. 1923 - d. 2004)  SKS
20 Mar 1989 -  8 May 1989  Ljubiša Igić (acting)                                  SKKS
 8 May 1989 - 11 Jan 1991  Slobodan Milošević                (s.a.)               SKS;1990 SPS
 

Chairman of the Provisional Committee for Serbia 
18 Nov 1944 -  1 Jan 1945  Milentije Popović (acting)        (b. 1913 - d. 1971)  KPS
President of the Public Economic Council 
18 Nov 1944 -  9 Apr 1945  Pavle Savić                       (b. 1909 - d. 1994)  KPS
                            (commissar for restoration to 1 Jan 1945)
Minister for Serbia (part of Yugoslav government)
 7 Mar 1945 -  9 Apr 1945  Jakov "Jaša" Prodanović           (b. 1867 - d. 1948)  Non-party
Prime ministers
 9 Apr 1945 -  5 Sep 1948  Blagoje Nešković                  (s.a.)               KPS
 5 Sep 1948 -  5 Feb 1953  Petar Stambolić                   (s.a.)              KPS;1952 SKS
Presidents of the Executive Council
 5 Feb 1953 - 16 Dec 1953  Petar Stambolić                   (s.a.)               SKS
16 Dec 1953 -  6 Apr 1957  Jovan Veselinov "Žarko"           (s.a.)               SKS
 6 Apr 1957 -  9 Jun 1962  Miloš Minić                       (s.a.)               SKS
 9 Jun 1962 -  6 Nov 1964  Slobodan Penezić "Krcun"          (b. 1918 - d. 1964)  SKS
 6 Nov 1964 - 17 Nov 1964  Stevan Doronjski (acting)         (b. 1919 - d. 1981)  SKS
17 Nov 1964 -  6 May 1967  Dragi Stamenković                 (b. 1920 - d. 2004)  SKS
 6 May 1967 -  7 May 1969  Đurica (Djurica) Jojkić           (b. 1914 - d. 1981)  SKS
 7 May 1969 -  6 May 1974  Milenko Bojanić                   (b. 1924 - d. 1987)  SKS
 6 May 1974 -  6 May 1978  Dušan Čkrebić                     (s.a.)               SKS
 6 May 1978 -  5 May 1982  Ivan Stambolić                    (s.a.)               SKS
 6 May 1982 -  6 May 1986  Branislav Ikonić                  (b. 1928 - d. 2002)  SKS
 6 May 1986 -  5 Dec 1989  Desimir Jeftić                    (b. 1938)            SKS
 5 Dec 1989 - 11 Feb 1991  Stanko Radmilović                 (b. 1936)            SKS;1990 SPS


Party abbreviations: KPS = Komunistička Partija Srbije (Communist Party of Serbia, 1941-1952 renamed SKS); SKS = Savez Komunista Srbije (League of Communists of Serbia, former KPS, 1952-27 Jul 1990); SPS = Socijalistička Partija Srbije (Socialist Party of Serbia, socialist, authoritarian 1990-2000, former SKS, est.27 Jul 1990)


Yugoslavia (
Serbia and Montenegro)
 
[Royal
                                  Yugoslavia (1918-1941)]
            1 Dec 1918 - 17 Apr 1941;
      4 Dec 1943 - 31 Jan 1946 (de jure)
  
[State
                                  Flag of Yugoslavia 1922-1941,
                                  1943-1945]
    28 Feb 1922 - 17 Apr 1941 State Flag
 
[Democratic Federal Yugoslavia
                                  (1943-1946)]
               29 Nov 1943 - 31 Jan 1946 (de facto) 
            Democratic Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
 
[Federal
                                  Peoples' Republic of Yugoslavia,
                                  1946-1992]
                   31 Jan 1946 - 27 Apr 1992; 
                4 Dec 1943 - 2 Dec 1945 (de facto)
 
[Flag of
                                  Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
                                  1992-2003, Serbia and Montenegro
                                  2003-2006]
                   27 Apr 1992 - 4 Feb 2003;
   
 4 Feb 2003 - 4 Jun 2003 (de facto)



Map of Serbia and Montenegro
Hear National Anthem
"Hej, Sloveni" (Hey, Slavs)
Text of National Anthem
(4 Feb 2003-3 Jun 2006)
(de facto, not adopted)
Constitution
  (4 Feb 2003) 
Administrative Capital: Belgrade
Judicial Capital: Podgorica
(from 4 Feb 2003)
Currency: Serbian
Dinar (CSD) (from 2003);
Kosovo and Montenegro:
de facto used Euro (EUR)
National Holidays:
 27 Apr (1992)
(Constitution Day)

 Serbia only: 15 Feb (1804)
National Day;
Montenegro only: 13 Jul (1878)
Statehood Day
Population: 10,832,545 (2006)
GDP: $43.56 billion (2005) 
Exports: $5.48 billion (2005)
Imports: $11.94 billion (2005)
Ethnic groups: Serb 62.1%, Albanian 17.1%, Montenegrin 4.3%, 
Hungarian 4.3%, Croat 3.1%, Sandzak and Bosniak 1.8%,
Roma (Gypsy) 1.4%, Slovak 0.9%, Romanian 0.8%, other 4.2% (2000) 
Total Active Armed Forces: 74,200 (2003)
NATO/UN Forces in Kosovo: 19,000 (Oct. 2004)
Merchant marine: 5 ships (2005)
Religions: Serbian Orthodox 62.6%, Muslim 19%,
Roman Catholic 5.8%, Protestant 1%, other 
(mostly non-religious) 11.6% (1995)
International Organizations/Treaties 2003-2006: APM, BIS, BSCE, BTWC, CE, CEFTA, CEI, CTBT, CTBTO, CWC, DC, EBRD, ESCR, Eutelsat, FAO, G- 9, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt, ICFTU, ICRM, ICSID, IDA, IFAD (suspended), IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISA, ISO, ITSO, ITU, KP, MIGA, NAM (observer), NPT, NTBT, OAS (observer), OPCW, OSCE, PCA, SECI, SECP, UN, UNCLOS, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNFCC, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNWTO, UPU, WCL, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO (observer)
Yugoslavia
Index
Chronology

29 Oct 1918                Proclamation of the establishment of the State of
                             the Slovenes, Croats and Serbs, resolution is
                             passed by the Sabor of the Triune Kingdom of
                             Croatia, Slavonia, and Dalmatia (see Croatia).
24 Nov 1918                Proposal for unification of the State of the
                             Slovenes, Croats and Serbs with Serbia is
                             approved by resolution of the National Council.
 1 Dec 1918                State of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes (informally
                             called Yugoslavia).
16 Jul 1920                Austria formally surrenders claims to Bosnia-
                             Hercegovina, Carniola, Dalmatia, and parts  
                             parts of Styria and Carinthia by the Treaty of 
                             St. Germain-en-Laye (signed 10 Sep 1919).
15 Jul 1920                Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes 
26 Jul 1921                Hungary formally surrenders claims to Croatia,
                             Slavonia, Vojvodina, Bosnia-Hercegovia, western
                             Banat, and Prekmurje-Međimurje to Yugoslavia by
                             the Treaty of Trianon (signed 4 Jun 1920).
 4 Oct 1929                Kingdom of Yugoslavia
17 Apr 1941                State dissolved under German-Italian occupation
                             to 10 Sep 1943, then occupied only by Germany
                             (Croatia nominally independent).
17 Apr 1941 - 20 Oct 1944  Serbia and Banat occupied by Germany
                             (see Serbia).
29 Nov 1943                State reconstituted as Democratic Federative 
                             Yugoslavia as a federation of Serbia, Croatia,
                             Slovenia, Macedonia, Montenegro, and Bosnia and
                             Herzegovina by resolution of the Anti-Fascist
                             Council of the People's Liberation of Yugoslavia
                             while negotiations with royal government in
                             exile continued.
 5 Mar 1945                Accord with royal government.
29 Nov 1945                Federal People's Republic of Yugoslavia.
 7 Apr 1963                Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
25 Jun 1991                Independence of Slovenia and Croatia.
17 Sep 1991                Independence of Macedonia.
29 Feb 1992                Independence of Bosnia-Hercegovina.
27 Apr 1992                Federal Republic of Yugoslavia established
                            (consisting only of Serbia and Montenegro
                             following secession of the other four
                             constituent republics).
12 Jun 1999                Kosovo under foreign occupation and UN protection
 4 Feb 2003                Replaced by Serbia and Montenegro (a loose
                             confederation); in some official use: State Union
                             of Serbia and Montenegro.
 3 Jun 2006                Montenegro declares independence.
 5 Jun 2006                Serbia declares its own independence, marking a 
                             a final end to the union.

Resistance
to occupation

(1941-1945)
Serbia
Kosovo
Vojvodina
Serbian Orthodox
Church
Historical Maps
of Yugoslavia
Ethnic Map of
Former Yugoslavia

Yugoslavia (1918-2003) 
 
Map of Yugoslavia
(to 1991)
Hear National Anthem
"Hej, Sloveni"
(Hey, Slavs)
Adopted 2 Dec 1945
(temporary to 25 Nov 1988)

Former National Anthem
title 1919-1929: "Himna Srba, Hrvata, i Slovenca" (Hymn of the Serbs, Croats and Slovenes);
title 1929-1945: "Himna
Kraljevine Jugoslavije"
 (National Anthem of the
 Kingdom of Yugoslavia)
(1919-29 Nov 1945)
Constitution
  (27 Apr 1992) 
-----------------------------
Former Constitutions
(28 Jun 1921-1931
3 Sep 1931-1941;

1946-1963; 1963-1974;
21 Feb 1974-1992 in Serbian)
Capital: Belgrade
Currency: Yugoslav
Dinar (YUD) (1920-1941,
and 1944-1994);
New
Yugoslav Dinar (YUG)

(1 Jan 1994- 4 Feb 2003);
Yugoslav Krone (YUK)
(1918-1920)
National Holiday 1992 -2003:
 
27 Apr (1992)
Dan Ustavnosti
(Constitution Day)
-------------------------------------

1945-1992: 29 Nov (1943)
Dan Republike
(Day of the Republic)
Population: 23,976,040 (1991)
GNP: $120.1 billion (1990)
Exports: $13.3 billion (1990)
Imports: $17.6 billion (1990)
Ethnic groups: Serb 36.3%, Croat 19.7%, Muslim 8.9%,
Slovene 7.8%, Albanian 7.7%, Macedonian 5.9%, Yugoslav 
5.4%, Montenegrin 2.5%, Hungarian 1.9%, other 3.9% (1981)
Total Armed Forces: 180,000 (1990)
Merchant marine: 277 ships (1990)
Religions: Eastern Orthodox 50%, Roman Catholic 30%,
Muslim 9%, Protestant 1%, other 10% (1990)
International Organizations/Treaties 1918-2003: AfDB, AG (observer), BIS, BTWC, BWC, CCC, CERN (1954-1961), Comecon  (associate), CSCE, CTBT (signatory), CWC, DC, EBRD, ESCR, Eutelsat, FAO, G-9, G-19, G-24, G-77, GATT, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICSID, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, IOM (observer), IPU, ISA, ISO, ITU, LORCS, NAM, NPT, OECD (observer to 7 Jul 1992), OPCW, OSCE, PCA, SECP, UN, UNCTAD, UNCLOS, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UIBPIP, UPU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO

Secretary-general of the Yugoslav Communist Party (KPJ)
(from 7 Nov 1952, League of Communists [SKJ])
Aug 1937 - 13 Aug 1964     Josip Broz Tito                     (b. 1892 - d. 1980)
Presidents of the Presidium of the League Yugoslav of Communists
13 Aug 1964 -  4 May 1980  Josip Broz Tito                     (s.a.)
19 Oct 1978 - 23 Oct 1979  Branko Mikulić                      (b. 1928 - d. 1995)
                             (acting for Tito)
23 Oct 1979 - 20 Oct 1980  Stevan Doronjski                    (b. 1919 - d. 1981)
                             (acting for Tito to 4 May 1980)
20 Oct 1980 - 20 Oct 1981  Lazar Mojsov                        (b. 1920 - d. 2011)
20 Oct 1981 - 29 Jun 1982  Dušan Dragosavac                    (b. 1919)
29 Jun 1982 - 30 Jun 1983  Mitja Ribičič                       (b. 1919 - d. 2013)
30 Jun 1983 - 26 Jun 1984  Dragoslav Marković                  (b. 1920 - d. 2005)
26 Jun 1984 - 25 Jun 1985  Ali Šukrija                         (b. 1919 - d. 2005)
25 Jun 1985 - 28 Jun 1986  Vidoje Žarković                     (b. 1927 - d. 2000)
28 Jun 1986 - 30 Jun 1987  Milanko Renovica                    (b. 1928 - d. 2013)
30 Jun 1987 - 30 Jun 1988  Boško Krunić                        (b. 1929)
30 Jun 1988 - 17 May 1989  Stipe Šuvar                         (b. 1936 - d. 2004)
17 May 1989 - 17 May 1990  Milan Pancevski                     (b. 1935)
17 May 1990 - 26 May 1990  Miomir Grbović (acting)

Kingsą
 1 Dec 1918 - 16 Aug 1921  Petar I (Peter I)                   (b. 1844 - d. 1921)
 1 Dec 1918 - 16 Aug 1921  Prince Aleksandar Karađorđević      (b. 1888 - d. 1934)
                             (Karadjordjević) -Regent
16 Aug 1921 -  9 Oct 1934  Aleksandar I (Alexander I)          (s.a.)
 9 Oct 1934 - 29 Nov 1945  Petar II (Peter II)                 (b. 1923 - d. 1970)
                             (in London [Oct 1943 - Mar 1944, Cairo] exile
                             from 12/13 Apr 1941)
 9 Oct 1934 - 11 Oct 1934  Nikola T. Uzunović -Regent          (b. 1873 - d. 1954)  JNS
11 Oct 1934 - 27 Mar 1941  Provisional Regency
                           - Prince Pavle Karađorđević         (b. 1893 - d. 1976)  Non-party 
                              (Karadjordjević)
                              (from Dec 1940, self-styled Vozd [Leader])
                           - Radenko Stanković                 (b. 1880 - d. 1956)  Non-party
                           - Ivo N. Perović                    (b. 1881 - d. 1958)  Non-party
15 Apr 1941 - 17 Apr 1941  Danilo Kalafatović -Regent (acting) (b. 1875 - d. 1946)  Mil   
 5 Mar 1945 - 29 Nov 1945  Provisional Regency
                           - Srđan "Sasha" Budisavljević       (b. 1883 - d. 1968)  Non-party
                              (Srdjan Budisavljević)    
                           - Dušan Sernec                      (b. 1882 - d. 1952)  Non-party
                           - Ante Mandić                       (b. 1881 - d. 1959)  Non-party
President of the Anti-Fascist Council of National Liberation of Yugoslavia
26 Nov 1942 -  4 Dec 1943  Ivan Ribar                          (b. 1881 - d. 1968)  KPJ
                             (in opposition to royal government in exile) 
Chairman of the Presidium of the Provisional People's Assembly
 4 Dec 1943 - 29 Nov 1945  Ivan Ribar                          (s.a.)               KPJ
Chairman of the Presidium of the National Assembly
29 Nov 1945 -  1 Dec 1945  Josip Vidmar                        (b. 1895 - d. 1992)  NF
Chairman of the Presidium of the Federal Assembly
29 Nov 1945 -  1 Dec 1945  Vladimir Simić                      (b. 1894 - d. 1974)  NF
Chairman of the Presidium of the Constituent Assembly
 1 Dec 1945 - 31 Jan 1946  Ivan Ribar                          (s.a.)               KPJ
Chairman of the Presidium of the National Assembly
31 Jan 1946 - 14 Jan 1953  Ivan Ribar                          (s.a.)             KPJ;1952 SKJ
President
14 Jan 1953 -  4 May 1980  Josip Broz Tito                     (s.a.)               SKJ
Presidents of the Collective Presidency
 4 May 1980 - 14 May 1980  Lazar Panev Koliševski              (b. 1914 - d. 2000)  SKJ
15 May 1980 - 15 May 1981  Cvijetin Mijatović                  (b. 1913 - d. 1993)  SKJ
16 May 1981 - 15 May 1982  Sergej Kraigher                     (b. 1914 - d. 2001)  SKJ
16 May 1982 - 15 May 1983  Petar Stambolić                     (b. 1912 - d. 2007)  SKJ
16 May 1983 - 16 May 1984  Mika Špiljak                        (b. 1916 - d. 2007)  SKJ
16 May 1984 - 15 May 1985  Veselin Đuranović (Djuranović)      (b. 1925 - d. 1997)  SKJ
16 May 1985 - 15 May 1986  Radovan Vlajković                   (b. 1924 - d. 2001)  SKJ
16 May 1986 - 15 May 1987  Sinan Hasani                        (b. 1922 - d. 2010)  SKJ
16 May 1987 - 15 May 1988  Lazar Mojsov                        (s.a.)               SKJ
16 May 1988 - 15 May 1989  Raif Dizdarević                     (b. 1926)            SKJ
16 May 1989 - 15 May 1990  Janez Drnovšek                      (b. 1950 - d. 2008)  SKJ 
16 May 1990 - 15 May 1991  Borisav Jović                       (b. 1928)            SPS
16 May 1991 -  1 Jul 1991  Vacant˛
 1 Jul 1991 -  5 Dec 1991  Stjepan "Stipe" Mesić3              (b. 1934)            HDZ
 5 Dec 1991 - 15 Jun 1992  Branko Kostić (acting)              (b. 1939)            DPS
Presidents
15 Jun 1992 -  1 Jun 1993  Dobrica Ćosić                       (b. 1921 - d. 2014)  Non-party
 1 Jun 1993 - 25 Jun 1993  Miloš Radulović (acting)            (b. 1929)            DPS
25 Jun 1993 - 25 Jun 1997  Zoran Lilić                         (b. 1953)            SPS
25 Jun 1997 - 23 Jul 1997  Srdja Bozović (acting)              (b. 1955)            DPS
23 Jul 1997 -  7 Oct 2000  Slobodan Milosević                  (b. 1941 - d. 2006)  SPS
 7 Oct 2000 -  7 Mar 2003  Vojislav Koštunica                  (b. 1944)            DSS + DOS 
 7 Mar 2003 -  4 Jun 2006  Svetozar Marović                    (b. 1955)            DPS
 
Prime ministers
 1 Dec 1918 - 22 Dec 1918  Nikola Petrov Pašić (1st time)      (b. 1845 - d. 1926)  NRS
22 Dec 1918 - 16 Aug 1919  Stojan M. Protić (1st time)         (b. 1857 - d. 1923)  NRS
16 Aug 1919 - 19 Feb 1920  Ljubomir Davidović (1st time)       (b. 1863 - d. 1940)  DS
19 Feb 1920 - 16 May 1920  Stojan M. Protić (2nd time)         (s.a.)               NRS
16 May 1920 -  1 Jan 1921  Milenko Radoslavljev Vesnić         (b. 1863 - d. 1921)  NRS
 1 Jan 1921 - 27 Jul 1924  Nikola Petrov Pašić (2nd time)      (s.a.)               NRS
27 Jul 1924 -  6 Nov 1924  Ljubomir Davidović (2nd time)       (s.a.)               DS
 6 Nov 1924 -  8 Apr 1926  Nikola Petrov Pašić (3rd time)      (s.a.)               NRS
 8 Apr 1926 - 17 Apr 1927  Nikola T. Uzunović (1st time)       (s.a.)               NRS
17 Apr 1927 - 27 Jul 1928  Velimir Vukićević                   (b. 1871 - d. 1930)  NRS
27 Jul 1928 -  6 Jan 1929  Antun Korošec                       (b. 1872 - d. 1940)  SLS 
 6 Jan 1929 -  4 Apr 1932  Petar Rakov Živković                (b. 1879 - d. 1953)  Mil
 4 Apr 1932 -  3 Jul 1932  Vojislav Marinković                 (b. 1876 - d. 1935)  DS
 3 Jul 1932 - 27 Jan 1934  Milan Srškić                        (b. 1880 - d. 1937)JRSD;1933JNS
27 Jan 1934 - 21 Dec 1934  Nikola T. Uzunović (2nd time)       (s.a.)               JNS
21 Dec 1934 - 24 Jun 1935  Bogoljub D. Jevtić                  (b. 1886 - d. 1960)  JNS
24 Jun 1935 -  5 Feb 1939  Milan Mihailov Stojadinović         (b. 1888 - d. 1961)  JRZ
 5 Feb 1939 - 27 Mar 1941  Dragiša Jovanov Cvetković           (b. 1893 - d. 1969)JRZ;1939 SRS
27 Mar 1941 - 11 Jan 1942  Dušan T. Simović                    (b. 1882 - d. 1962)  Mil
                             (in Greece 15-28 Apr 1941, Palestine 28 Apr - Jun 1941,
                             and from Jun 1941 London exile)
11 Jan 1942 - 26 Jun 1943  Slobodan Vladimirov Jovanović       (b. 1869 - d. 1958)  Non-party
                             (in exile in London)
26 Jun 1943 - 10 Aug 1943  Miloš Trifunović                    (b. 1871 - d. 1957)  SRS
                             (in London exile)
10 Aug 1943 -  1 Jun 1944  Božidar Purić                       (b. 1891 - d. 1977)  Non-party
                             (in London [Cairo Sep 1943 - Mar 1944] exile)
 1 Jun 1944 -  7 Mar 1945  Ivan Šubašić                        (b. 1892 - d. 1955)  HSS
                             (in exile in London)
Chairman of the Executive Committee of the Anti-Fascist Council of
National Liberation of Yugoslavia
27 Nov 1942 - 30 Nov 1943  Ivan Ribar                          (s.a.)               KPJ
                             (in opposition to royal government in exile)
President of the National Committee of National Liberation of Yugoslavia
30 Nov 1943 -  7 Mar 1945  Josip Broz Tito                     (s.a.)               KPJ
                             (in opposition to royal government in exile)
Prime minister (president of the ministerial council to 1 Feb 1946)
 7 Mar 1945 - 14 Jan 1953  Josip Broz Tito                     (s.a.)             KPJ;1952 SKJ
Presidents of the Federal Executive Council (Premiers)
14 Jan 1953 - 30 Jun 1963  Josip Broz Tito                     (s.a.)               SKJ
30 Jun 1963 - 19 May 1967  Petar Stambolić                     (s.a.)               SKJ
19 May 1967 - 18 May 1969  Mika Špiljak                        (s.a.)               SKJ
18 May 1969 - 30 Jul 1971  Mitja Ribičič                       (s.a.)               SKJ
30 Jul 1971 - 18 Jan 1977  Džemal Bijedić                      (b. 1917 - d. 1977)  SKJ
18 Jan 1977 - 15 Mar 1977  Dobroslav Ćulafić                   (b. 1926 - d. 2011)  SKJ   
                           + Miloš Minić                       (b. 1914 - d. 2003)  SKJ  
                           + Berislav Šefer                    (b. 1926)            SKJ   
                           + Anton Vratuša                     (b. 1915)            SKJ
                           (acting)
15 Mar 1977 - 16 May 1982  Veselin Đuranović (Djuranović)      (s.a.)               SKJ
16 May 1982 - 16 May 1986  Milka Planinc (f)                   (b. 1924 - d. 2010)  SKJ
16 May 1986 - 16 Mar 1989  Branko Mikulić                      (s.a.)               SKJ
30 Dec 1988 - 16 Mar 1989  Miloš Milosavlević                                       SKJ
                           + Janez Zemljarič                   (b. 1928)            SKJ
                           (acting for Mikulić)
16 Mar 1989 - 14 Jul 1992  Ante Marković                       (b. 1924 - d. 2011) SKJ;1990 SR
20 Dec 1991 - 14 Jul 1992  Aleksandar Mitrović                 (b. 1933 - d. 2012)  SPS
                        (acting for Marković)
Prime ministers4
14 Jul 1992 -  2 Mar 1993  Milan Panić                         (b. 1929)            Non-party
 2 Mar 1993 - 20 May 1998  Radoje Kontić                       (b. 1937)            DPS
20 May 1998 -  4 Nov 2000  Momir Bulatović                     (b. 1956)            SNP
 4 Nov 2000 - 24 Jul 2001  Zoran Žižić                         (b. 1951 - d. 2013)  SNP
24 Jul 2001 - 17 Mar 2003  Dragiša Pešić                       (b. 1954)            SNP
17 Mar 2003 -  5 Jun 2006  Post abolished
 
Yugoslav Royalist ("Chetnik") Resistance

[state Flag of Yugoslavia]

Commander-in-Chief of the Royal Yugoslav Army of the Interior
May 1941 - May 1945         Dragoljub "Draža" Mihailović       (b. 1893 - d. 1946)  Mil

Yugoslav Communist Resistance

[Yugoslavia Communist
                Partisan flag 1941-1945]

Chairman of the General Staff of the People's Partisan Detachments
27 Jun 1941 - 21 Dec 1945  Josip Broz Tito                     (s.a.)               Mil/KPJ

 ąFull style of the ruler:
(a) 1 Dec 1918 -  4 Oct 1929: Po milosti Božjoj i volji Narodnoj Kralj Srba, Hrvata i Slovenaca ("By the Grace of God and will of the people, King of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes");
(b) 4 Oct 1929 - 29 Nov 1945: Po milosti Božjoj i volji Narodnoj Kralj Jugoslavije ("By the Grace of God and will of the people, King of Yugoslavia").

  ˛members of the Presidency during this interval were Borisav Jović (s.a.); Stipe Mesić
(s.a.); Momir Bulatović (s.a.)(to 16 May 1991); Branko Kostić (s.a.)(from 16 May 1991); Jugoslav Kostić (b. 1939); Vukašin Jokanović (b. 1939)(to 16 May 1991); Sejdo Bajramović 
(b. 1927 - d. 1993)(from 16 May 1991); Vasil Tupurkovski (b. 1951); Bogic Bogicević (b. 1953); and Janez Drnovšek (s.a.). On 17 May 1991, Bajramović was elected Coordinator of the Presidency.

 łclaims the assumption of the presidency on 20 May 1991, retroactively effective from 16 May 1991. Representation of Croatia by Mesić (s.a.) in the presidency formally terminated by the resolution of the Croatian parliament of 5 Dec 1991 (retroactively effective from 8 Oct 1991).

 4the government of the Republic of Montenegro did not recognize the federal Prime ministers
19 May 1998 - 4 Feb 2003.

Territorial Disputes (2001-2006): Kosovo remains unresolved and administered by several thousand peacekeepers from the UN Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo (UNMIK) since 1999, with Kosovar Albanians overwhelmingly supporting and Serbian officials opposing Kosovo independence; the international community had agreed to begin a process to determine final status but contingency of solidifying multi-ethnic democracy in Kosovo has not been satisfied; ethnic Albanians in Kosovo refuse demarcation of the boundary with Macedonia in accordance with the 2000 Macedonia-Serbia and Montenegro delimitation agreement; Serbia and Montenegro have delimited about half of the boundary with Bosnia and Herzegovina, but sections along the Drina River remain in dispute. 

Former Yugoslavia Territorial Disputes: Kosovo question with Albania; until 1993, Macedonia question with Bulgaria and Greece.

Party abbreviations: DPS = Demokratska Partija Socijalista Crne Gore (Democratic Party of Socialists of Montenegro, social-democratic, former SKGC, est.1991); DSS = Demokratska Stranka Srbije (Democratic Party of Serbia, conservative, founded by splinters of DS on 26 Jul 1992); SNP = Socijalistička Narodna Partija Crne Gore (Socialist People's Party of Montenegro, center-left, social democratic, Serbia - Montenegro unionist, split from DPS, est.1998); SPS = Socijalisticka Partija Srbije (Socialist Party of Serbia, socialist, authoritarian 1990-2000, former SKS, est.27 Jul 1990); SRS = Srpska Radikalna Stranka (Serbian Radical Party, nationalist, right-wing populist, 1940-1945, re-est.23 Feb 1991); Mil = Military;
- Former parties: DOS = Demokratska Opozicija Srbije (Democratic Opposition of Serbia, wide alliance of democratic anti-SPS political parties, 2000-17 Nov 2003); DS = Demokratska Stranka (Democratic Party, centrist 1919-1945, social democratic, re-est.3 Feb 1990); HSS = Hrvatska Seljačka Stranka (Croatian People's Party, agrarian, christian democratic, 1904-1929, re-est.1989); HDZ = Hrvatska Demokratska Zajednica (Croatian Democratic Union, Croatian nationalist, conservative, est.1989); JNS = Jugoslovenska Nacionalna Stranka (Yugoslav National Party, regime party 1933-35, former JRSD, 1933-1941); JRSD = Jugoslovenska Radikalna Seljačka Demokratija (Yugoslav Radical Peasants' Democracy, regime party, May 1932-Jun 1933, renamed JNS); JRZ = Jugoslovenska Radikalna Zajednica (Yugoslav Radical Union, fascist, regime party, 1934-1939); KPJ = Komunistička Partija Jugoslavije (Communist Party of Yugoslavia, communist, authoritarian, 1919-1952, then SKJ); ND = Nova Demokratija (New Democracy, liberal, split from SPS, 1990-1998, merged into DSS); NRS = Narodna Radikalna Stranka (People's Radical Party, 1881-1945); NF = Narodni Front Jugoslavije (People's Front of Yugoslavia, leftist anti-Fascist, 1944-1953); SKJ = Savez Komunista Jugoslavije (League of Yugoslav Communists, communist, authoritarian, former KPJ, 1952-1990); SLS = Slovenska Ljudska Stranka (Slovenian People's Party, center-right, 1905-1945, re-est.1988); SNSS = Srpska Narodna Samostalna Stranka (Serbian National Independent Party, 1903-1919, then DS); SR = Savez Reformskih Snaga Jugoslavije (Union of Reform Forces, reformist, Ante Marković personalist, est.Jul 1990)


Republics of Yugoslavia 1945-1990

For the individual Socialist Republics of Yugoslaiva from 1945 to 1990 please see the listings under, the 
individual countries:


Kosovo: see separate Kosovo page

Vojvodina
 
[Hungarian
                            minority in Vojvodina]
                     1947 - 1 Jul 1989 Unofficial
                Hungarian Ethnical Community flag
 
[Flag of
                            Vojvodina]
                      Adopted 27 Feb 2004
 
 
Map of Vojvodina
Capital: Novi Sad
Population: 1,916,889 (2011)

27 Jul 1527                Part of Ottoman Empire (part of Rumelia eyalet).
1689                       Part of Hungary (Banat Military Frontier).
 2 Nov 1716                Part of Banat of Temeswar (see under Romania).
1751                       Civil administration for the northern part of the province.
15 Apr 1807 - 25 Apr 1807  Serb rebellion in Syrmia and Slavonia (Tican's rebellion).
13 May 1848 - 21 Oct 1848  Serb rebellion declares separation from Hungary, but not Austria.
18
Nov 1849                Austrian Crown Land as Voivodship of Serbia and Banate of Temeswar
                             (Woiwodschaft Serbien und Temeser Banat).
27 Dec 1860                Autonomy abolished, re-incorporated into Hungary.
21 Dec 1867                Part of the "Hungarian" half of the Austro-Hungarian
                             Monarchy (i.e. of the "Lands of the Holy Hungarian Crown").
 8 Aug 1873                Banatian Military Frontier (Banat Krajina) is dis-established.
13 Nov 1918                Novi Sad occupied by Serbian and French forces.
24 Nov 1918                Vojvodina (Banat, Backa and Baranja) part of Serbia
25 Nov 1918 - 11 Mar 1919  People's Administration for Banat, Backa and Baranja
 1 Dec 1918                Vojvodina (as part of Serbia) officially becomes part of the
                             Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes.
11 Mar 1919                Provincial autonomy abolished.
 4 Jun 1920                Subotica region incorporated as result of Treaty of Trianon.
 4 Oct 1929 - Apr 1941     Part of the Dunavska banovina (Banate of the Danube), within
                             Yugoslavia.
11/14 Apr 1941-23 Oct 1944 Occupied by Axis powers and partitioned (Srem part of
                             Croatia; Banat nominally under Serbian government
                             but under German administration; Baranja and Backa
                             occupied by Hungary and annexed on 27 Dec 1941,
                             Baranja became part of Hungarian province of Baranja
                             and Backa which was divided in three zupanijas (counties):
                             Bács-Bodros, Szabadka [Subotica] and Újvidék [Novi Sad]).
23 Oct 1944                Re-incorporated into Yugoslavia (Banat, Backa and Baranja under
                             military administration 17 Oct 1944 - 27 Jan 1945).
 
1 Sep 1945                Autonomous Vojvodina Region (oblast).
 7 Apr 1963                Autonomous Province of Vojvodina
26 Dec 1968                Socialist Autonomous Province of Vojvodina
 5 Jul 1989                Autonomy reduced.
28 Sep 1990                Autonomous Province of Vojvodina.


Secretaries of the Central Committee of the Communist Party
(from 1952, League of Communists)
1943                       Isa Jovanović                      (b. 1906 - d. 1983)
1943 - 1946                Jovan Veselinov "Žarko"            (b. 1907 - d. 1982)
1946 - May 1951            Dobrivoje Vidić                    (b. 1918 - d. 1991)
May 1951 - 1966            Stevan Doronjski                   (b. 1919 - d. 1981)
1966 - 1969                Mirko Tepavac                      (b. 1922)
1969 - 24 Dec 1972         Mirko Čanadanović                  (b. 1936)
24 Dec 1972 - 28 Apr 1981  Dušan Alimpić                      (b. 1921 - d. 2002)
28 Apr 1981 - 28 Apr 1982  Boško Krunić (1st time)            (b. 1929)
28 Apr 1982 - 28 Apr 1983  Marko Đuričin (Djuricin)           (b. 1925)
28 Apr 1983 - 28 Apr 1984  Slavko Veselinov                   (b. 1925)
28 Apr 1984 - 24 Apr 1985  Boško Krunić (2nd time)            (s.a.)
24 Apr 1985 - 1988         Đorđe (Djordje) Stojšić            (b. 1928)
1988 -  6 Oct 1988         Milorad Šogorov
14 Nov 1988 - 20 Jan 1989  Bogosav Kovačević                  (b. 1923)
20 Jan 1989 - 16 Jul 1990  Nedeljko Šipovac                   (b. 1942)

Rulers (in rebellion)
1526 – 26 Jul 1527         Jovan Nenad -Emperor               (b. 1492 - d. 1527)
1527 – 1530                Radoslav Čelnik -Voivode
1691 - 1706                Jovan Monasterlija -vice-Voivode   (b. c.1650 - d. 1706)
15 Apr 1807 - 25 Apr 1807  Teodor Avramović Tican -Knez       (b. 1764 - d. 1809)
Voivode (Vojvoda)
13 May 1848 - 15 Dec 1848  Stevan Šupljikac                   (b. 1786 - d. 1848)  Mil
Grand Voivodes (Veliki vojvoda)
18 Nov 1849 - 11 Nov 1918  the rulers of Austria
Chairman of the General Council of the Assembly
13 May 1848 - 21 Oct 1848  Đorđe (Djordje) Stratimirović      (b. 1823 - d. 1908)
President of the General Council

1848 - 1849                Josif Rajačić                      (b. 1785 - d. 1865)
Military and Civil Governors
1849 - 1851                Ferdinand Franz Xaver Johann       (b. 1798 - d. 1869)
                             Freiherr Mayerhofer von Grünbühel
 1 Feb 1851 - 1859         Johann Baptist Alexius Graf        (b. 1794 - d. 1880)
                             Coronini von Cronberg  
1859 - 1860                Joseph Freiherr von Sokcsevits     (b. 1811 - d. 1896)
                             (Josip Šokčević)               
1860                       Karl August Leopold Graf von Bigot (b. 1805 - d. 1884)
                             de Saint-Quentin
President of the Great National Assemby and President of
the People's Administration for Banat, Backa and Baranja
24 Nov 1918 - 11 Mar 1919  Jovan Lalošević                    (b. 1870 - d. 1935) 
Bans of the Danube (Dunav)
 9 Oct 1929 -  6 Jan 1930  Daka Popović                       (b. 1886 - d. 1967)
17 Jan 1930 - 1930         Radoslav Dunjić                    (b. 1871 - d. 1948) 
1930 -  2 May 1931         Svetomir L. Matić                  (b. 1870 - d. 1931) 
11 May 1931 - 1933         Milan Nikolić                      (b. 1877 - d. 1943)
1933 - 1935                Dobrica Matković                   (b. 1887 - d. 1973) 
1935                       Milojko Vasović                    (b. 1885 - d. 1981) 
12 Sep 1935 - 20 Aug 1936  Svetislav Paunović
20 Aug 1936 - 1939         Svetislav Rajić (acting to 1938)   (b. 1889 - d. 1941)
1939 - 1940                Jovan I. Radiojević                (b. 1884 - d. 1946)
1940 -  1 Apr 1941         Branko Kijurina                    (b. 1891 - d. 19..) 
 1 Apr 1941 - 14 Apr 1941  Milorad Vlaškalin                  (b. 1890 - d. 1984)
Volksgruppenführer of the German Community
1941 - 23 Oct 1944         Josef "Sepp" Janko                 (b. 1905 - d. 2001)  DVSB
German Vizebanus in Banat
Apr 1941 -  1 Oct 1944     Josef "Sepp" Lapp                  (b. 1873 - d. 1946)  DVSB?
Commanders of Hungarian Third Army (in Backa)
11 Apr 1941 -  1 Nov 1941  Elemér Gorondy-Novák               (b. 1885 - d. 1954)
 1 Nov 1941 - 27 Dec 1941  Zoltán Decleva                     (b. 1887 - d. 1950)
Főispán (Grand župan) of Újvidék (Novi Sad)
1942 - 22 Oct 1944         Péter Fernbach 
Főispán (Grand
župan) of Szabadka (Subotica)
19 Jan 1942 - 10 Oct 1944  Ándor Reök                         (b. 1899 - d. 1944) 
Főispán (Grand župan) of Bács-Bodrog
1942 - 1944                Leó Deák (arrested 19 Mar 1944)    (b. 1888 - d. 1945) 
24 May 1944 - 23 Oct 1944  József Piukovics (acting)
Head of the Yugoslav Military Administration for Banat, Backa and Baranja
17 Oct 1944 - 27 Jan 1945  Ivan Rukavina                      (b. 1912 – d. 1992)  Mil
President of the People's Defense Committee
Nov 1943 - 1944            Nikola Grulović                    (b. 1888 - d. 1959)  KPV
President of the Supreme People's Defence Committee
1944 - Jul 1947            Jovan Veselinov "Žarko"            (s.a.)               KPV
President of the Supreme Executive Committee
Jul 1947 - Apr 1953        Luka Mrkšić                        (b. 1899 - d. 1976) KPV;1952 SKV
Presidents of the People's Assembly
Apr 1953 - Dec 1953        Luka Mrkšić                        (s.a.)               SKV
Dec 1953 - 18 Jul 1963     Stevan Doronjski                   (s.a.)               SKV
18 Jul 1963 - 20 Apr 1967  Radovan Vlajković                  (b. 1922 - d. 2001)  SKV
20 Apr 1967 -  5 Jun 1973  Ilija Rajačić                      (b. 1923 - d. 2005)  SKV
 5 Jun 1973 - Nov 1974     Sreten "Sreta" Kovačević           (b. 1920)            SKV
Presidents of the Presidency
Nov 1974 - Nov 1981        Radovan Vlajković                  (s.a.)               SKV
Nov 1981 - May 1982        Predrag Vladisavljević (1st time)  (b. 1919)            SKV
May 1982 - May 1983        Danilo Kekić                       (b. 1918)            SKV
May 1983 -  4 May 1984     Đorđe Radosavljević (1st time)     (b. 1921)            SKV
                             (Djordje Radosavljević)
 4 May 1984 -  7 May 1985  Nándor Major (1st time)            (b. 1931)            SKV
 7 May 1985 - May 1986     Predrag Vladisavljević (2nd time)  (s.a.)               SKV
May 1986 - May 1988        Đorđe Radosavljević (2nd time)     (s.a.)               SKV
May 1988 - May 1989        Nándor Major (2nd time)            (s.a.)               SKV
May 1989 - Jan 1991        Jugoslav Kostić                    (b. 1939)           SKV;1990 SPS
Presidents of the Assembly
Jan 1991 - 1991            Verona Ádám Bokros (f)             (b. 1948)            SPS
1991 - 1992                Damnjan Radenković                 (b. 1939)            SPS
1992 - 1993                Svetislav Krstić                   (b. 1955)            SPS
1993 -  9 Jan 1997         Milutin Stojković                  (b. 1942)            SPS
 9 Jan 1997 - 23 Oct 2000  Živorad Smiljanić                  (b. 1942)            SPS
23 Oct 2000 - 30 Oct 2004  Nenad Čanak                        (b. 1959)            LSV
30 Oct 2004 - 16 Jul 2008  Bojan Kostreš                      (b. 1974)            LSV
16 Jul 2008 - 22 Jun 2012  Sándor Egeresi                     (b. 1964)            VMS-SVM
22 Jun 2012 -              István Pástor                      (b. 1956)            VMS-SVM


Landes-Chef
1849 - 1860                Alexander Bach                     (b. 1813 - d. 1893)
                             (provisional to 1851)
President of the Great People's Council 
24 Nov 1918 - 11 Mar 1919  Slavko Miletić                     (b. 1869 - d. 1934)
Prime ministers
 9 Apr 1945 -  5 Sep 1948  Aleksandar Šević                   (b. 1897 - d. 1975)  KPV
 5 Sep 1948 - 20 Mar 1953  Luka Mrkšić                        (s.a.)               KPV
Chairmen of the Executive Council
20 Mar 1953 - Dec 1953     Stevan Doronjski                   (s.a.)               KPV
Dec 1953 - 22 Jul 1962     Géza Tikvicki                      (b. 1917 - d. 1999)  KPV
22 Jul 1962 - 18 Jul 1963  Đurica (Djurica) Jojkić            (b. 1914 - d. 1981) KPV;1952 SKV
18 Jul 1963 - 20 Apr 1967  Ilija Rajačić                      (s.a.)               SKV
20 Apr 1967 - Oct 1971     Stipan Marušić                     (b. 1926 - d. 1974)  SKV
Oct 1971 -  6 May 1974     Franjo Nađ (Nadj)                  (b. 1923 - d. 1986)  SKV
 6 May 1974 -  5 May 1982  Nikola Kmezić                      (b. 1919 - d. 2009)  SKV
 5 May 1982 - May 1986     Živan Marelj                       (b. 1938)            SKV
May 1986 - 24 Oct 1989     Ion (Jon) Srbovan                  (b. 1930)            SKV
24 Oct 1989 - 1989         Sredoje Erdeljan                   (b. 1939 - d. 2011)  SKV
1989 - 1991                Jovan Radić                        (b. 1949)           SKV;1990 SPS
1991 - 23 Dec 1991         Radoman Božović                    (b. 1953)            SPS
23 Dec 1991 - Jul 1992     Jovan Radić                        (b. 1949)            SPS
Jul 1992 - Feb 1993        Koviljko Lovre                     (b. 1954)            SPS
Feb 1993 - 13 May 2000     Boško Perošević                    (b. 1956 - d. 2000)  SPS
13 May 2000 - 23 Oct 2000  Damnjan Radenković                 (s.a.)               SPS
                             (acting to 29 Jun 2000) 
23 Oct 2000 - 30 Oct 2004  Đorđe Đukić (Djordje Djukić)       (b. 1948)            DSS
30 Oct 2004 - 14 Dec 2009  Bojan Pajtić                       (b. 1970)            DSS
Chairman of the Government
14 Dec 2009 -              Bojan Pajtić                       (s.a.)               DSS

Party abbreviations: DSS = Demokratska Stranka Srbije (Democratic Party of Serbia, conservative, founded by splinters of DS on 26 Jul 1992); DZVM = Demokratska Zajednica Vojvođanskih Mađara (Demokratska Zajednica Vojvodjanskih Madjara)(Democratic Union of Vojvodina's Magyars, est.1990); LSV = Liga Socijaldemokrata Vojvodine (League of the Socialdemocrats of Vojvodina, member of DOS, est.14 Jul 1990); SPS = Socijalisticka Partija Srbije (Socialist Party of Serbia, democratic socialist, 1990-2000 authoritarian, former SKS, est.1990); VMS-SVM = Vajdasági Magyar Szövetsége/Savez Vojvođanskih Mađara (Savez Vojvodjanskih Madjara)(Alliance of Vojvodina Hungarians, minority, liberal-conservative, splinters of DZVM, est.1994); Mil = Military;
- Former parties: DVSB = Deutsche Volksgruppe in Serbien und Banat (German People's Group in Serbia and Banat, ethinic German, fascist, 1941-1944); KPV = Komunistička Partija Vojvodine (Communist Party of Vojvodina, 1944-1952, branch of SKK, renamed SKV); SKV = Savez Komunista Vojvodine/Vajdasági Kommunista Párt (League of Communists of Vojvodina, to Nov 1968 as branch of SKS, 1952-1990)







© Ben Cahoon