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Serbia
 
[Ottoman
                                    Empire]
                   to 6 Apr 1867
 
[Flag
                                    from 1st Serb Uprising]
      14 Feb 1804 - 3 Oct 1813 
 
[Serbia
                                    State Flag 1835-1868]
 27 Apr 1835 - 21 Jun 1868 State Flag
 
[Serbia
                                    Civil Flag 1815-65, 1868-1918,
                                    1941-44, 2004-]
          27 Apr 1835 -  1 Dec 1918 and  
     17 Apr 1941 - 20 Oct 1944 National Flag
 
[State flag
                                  and ensign, c.1838-1882]
       Dec 1838 - 13 Jul 1878  State Flag
 
 
[State
                                    flag and ensign, 1878 - 1918]
      13 Jul 1878 - 1 Dec 1918 State Flag
 
 
[Serbia
                                    State Flag, 1882 - 1918]
     22 Feb 1882 - 1 Dec 1918 State Flag
 
[Flag
                                    of SR Serbia]
                    17 Jan 1947 - 27 Apr 1992 
 
[Serbia Flag 1992-2004, Civil
                                    flag from 2004]
Adopted 27 Apr 1992, Civil From 17 Aug 2004
 
[Serbia
                                    State Flag]
        Adopted 17 Aug 2004 State Flag



Map of Serbia
Hear National Anthem
"Boze Pravde"
(God of Justice)
Text of National Anthem
 1904-1918, 1941-29 Nov 1945,
Re-adopted 17 Aug 2004
Constitution
(10 Nov 2006)
---------------------------------
Former Constitution
(28 Sep 1990-10 Nov 2006)
Capital: Belgrade
(Kragujevac 1818-1841 & 1914-15; Belgrade 1817-1818,
1283-1430;
Smederevo 1430-1453)
Currency: Serbian
Dinar (RSD);
 Serbian Dinar (SRBD)
1873-1918; Serbian Dinar
(SRDD) 1941-1944
National Holiday:
15 Feb (1804/1835)

Dan Drzavnosti Srbije "Sretenje"
  (Serbian Statehood Day
or "Meeting" Day)
Population: 7,243,007 (2013)
note: does not include Kosovo
5,795,700 (1931)
1,903,400 (1885)
GDP: $80.47 billion (2013)
$10.8 billion (2001)
Exports: $13.1 billion (2013)
Imports: $19.4 billion (2013)
Ethnic groups: Serb 83.3%, Bosniak 2%, Hungarian 3.5%,
 Romany 2.1%, other 5.7%, undeclared or unknown 3.4% (2011)
Total Active Armed Forces: 40,000 (2011)
Merchant marine: None (2010)
Religions: Serbian Orthodox 84.6%, Catholic 5%, Muslim 3.1%,
 Protestant 1%, other 1.9%, undeclared or unknown 4.5% (2011)
International Organizations/Treaties before 1918: ICRM, IOC, IPU, ITU, PCA, UIBPIP, UPU; From 2006: ACS (observer), APM, BIS, BSCE, BTWC, CE, CEFTA, CEI, CERN (associate), CTBT, CTBTO, CWC, DC, EAPC, EBRD, ESCR, EU (candidate), Eutelsat, FAO, G- 9, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt, ICRM, ICSID, IDA, IFC, IFRCS, IHO (suspended), ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, IRENA, ISA, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC, KP, MIGA, NAM (observer), NPT, NSG, NTBT, OAS (observer), OIF (observer), OPCW, OSCE, PAM, PCA, PFP, SECP, SELEC, UN, UNCLOS, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNFCC, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO (observer)
Serbia Index
Chronology
1082                       Conquered by Dioclea (see Montenegro).
c.1180                     Independence from Dioclea (Raska).
 8 Aug 1217                Kingdom of Serbia
16 Apr 1346                Empire of Serbia
Oct 1371 - 20 Jun 1459     Vassal of Ottoman Empire.
 2 Dec 1371 - 1379         Serbia collapses into numerous polities.
1379                       Principality of Serbia
22 Feb 1402                Despotate of Serbia
1427 - 1439                Hungarian occupation of Belgrade.
18 Aug 1439 - 12 Jun 1444  Ottoman occupation of Belgrade.
1444 - 1459                Hungarian occupation of Belgrade.
20 Jun 1459                Part of Ottoman Empire (divided into sanjaks of
                             Smederovo [from Sep 1791 Belgrade], Nis, and
                             Kosovo).
1597 - 1598                Serb rebellion.
168. -  7 Nov 1688         Serb rebellion.
 6 Sep 1689 - 10 Sep 1691  Austrian occupation.
22 Aug 1717 -  4 Sep 1739  Austrian occupation.
Aug 1789 - Sep 1791        Austrian occupation.
14 Feb 1804 -  3 Oct 1813  Serbia; uprising against Ottoman rule.
21 Nov 1815                Principality of Serbia (officially from 6 Nov 1817)
                             (under Ottoman suzerainty).
12 Dec 1830                Principality of Serbia (under Ottoman suzerainty).
19 Apr 1867                Ottomans leave Kalemegdan fortress in Belgrade.
 3 Aug 1878                Independence recognized.
 6 Mar 1882                Kingdom of Serbia
10 Aug 1913                Southern Serbia, Novi Pazar and Macedonia annexed
                             from Ottoman Empire.
11 Aug 1914 - 21 Aug 1914  Austro-Hungarian occupation of northwestern 
                             Serbia.
 2 Dec 1914 - 15 Dec 1914  Belgrade occupied by Austria-Hungary.
 9 Oct 1915 -  1 Nov 1918  Serbia occupied by Austria-Hungary and Bulgaria
                            (in Vranje to 5 Oct 1918; Nish to 11 Oct 1918).
 1 Dec 1918                Proclamation of the unification of Serbia and
                             the State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs into a
                             single kingdom by public ceremony in Belgrade.
29 Dec 1918                Parliament of Serbia approves act of unification.
24 Aug 1920                Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes 
 4 Oct 1929                Kingdom of Yugoslavia (Serbia is divided into the
                             Banovinas of Vardar [see Macedonia], Zeta
                             [see Montenegro), Morava and the city of 
                             Belgrade).
17 Apr 1941 - 20 Oct 1944  Serbia and Banat occupied by Germany (from 30 Apr
                             1941, Serbian state officially named 'Serbia').
29 Nov 1943                Yugoslav state declared reconstituted as Democratic
                             Federative Yugoslavia while negotiations with
                             royal government in exile.
29 Nov 1943                Re-incorporation into Yugoslavia declared.
 9 Nov 1944                Serbia
29 Nov 1945                Part of Federal People's Republic of Yugoslavia.
31 Jan 1946                People's Republic of Serbia (within Yugoslavia).
 7 Apr 1963                Socialist Republic of Serbia (within Yugoslavia).
28 Sep 1990                Republic of Serbia (within Yugoslavia)
27 Apr 1992 -  4 Feb 2003  Serbia with Montenegro forms the Federal Republic
                             of Yugoslavia
12 Jun 1999                Kosovo under foreign occupation 
                            (UN administration).
 4 Feb 2003                Part of a looser confederation called Serbia
                             and Montenegro.
 5 Jun 2006                Independence, Serbia acknowledges end of the
                             union, declaring itself its legal successor.
17 Feb 2008                Kosovo declares independence (not recognized
                             by Serbia or Russia).  
Yugoslavia
(& Serbia and
Montenegro)

(1918-2006)
Socialist Republic
of Serbia
(1945-1991)
Kosovo
Vojvodina
Sanjak of Nish
(1690-1877)
Serbian Orthodox
Church
Historical Maps
of Serbia


Map of Yugoslav
Banovinas 1929
 

 
Walis (governors) 
20 Jun 1459 - 14..         .... 
14.. - Jun 1463            Mehmed Beg Minetovic 
Jun 1463 - c.1476          ....
c.1476                     Ali Beg Mihal-Oglu
c.1476 - Dec 1506          ....
Dec 1506 - Oct 1513        Sinan Pasha Borovinic              (d. 1517) 
1513 - 1515                Balibeg Jahjapashic
1515 - ....                Mehmed Pasha Jahjapashic           (d. 1548)
168. -  7 Nov 1688         Djordje Brankovic (in rebellion)   (b. 1645 - d. 1711)
.... - 1691                ....
Austrian military commanders
 6 Sep 1689 - 24 Sep 1689  Ludwig Wilhelm von Baden           (b. 1655 - d. 1707)
24 Sep 1689 - 1689         Giovanni Norberto Piccolomini      (b. 1650 - d. 1689)
1689 - 10 Sep 1691         Friedrich von Veterani             (b. 1630 - d. 1695)
Walis (governors)
1691 - Sep 1698            ....
Sep 1698 - 21 Oct 1700     Ali Pasha Haznadar Morejski
21 Oct 1700 - Jan 1700     Yuruk Hasan Pasha (1st time)
Jan 1700 - Jun 1703        Vacant
Jun 1703 - Oct 1703        Delak Ali Pasha
Oct 1703 - Oct 1706        Yuruk Hasan Pasha (2nd time)
Oct 1706 - Sep 1708        Elchi Ibrahim Pasha
Sep 1708 - Oct 1708        Vacant
Oct 1708 - May 1710        Ali Pasha Karayilanoglu 
                             (1st time)
May 1710 - 16 Jun 1710     Köprülüzade Damad Numan Pasha      (b. 1670 - d. 1719)
                             (1st time)
16 Jun 1710 - Jun 1711     Köprülüzade Abdullah Pasha
Jan 1712 - Apr 1713        Ali Pasha Karayilanoglu 
                             (2nd time)
Apr 1713 - Dec 1714        Halil Pasha Qosa
Dec 1714 - May 1715        Köprülüzade Damad Numan Pasha      (b. 1670 - d. 1719) 
                             (2nd time)
May 1715 - Jul 1716        Ahmed Pasha Dizdar
Nov 1716 - 22 Aug 1717     Mustapha Pasha Celebi
Austrian Military Governors
22 Aug 1717 - 1717         Eugčne-François, Prince Savoie-    (b. 1663 - d. 1736)
                             Carignan (Franz Eugen Savoie-Carignan) 
1717 - 1717                Friderich Ferry von Staedtler 
1718 -  7 Sep 1720         Johann Joseph Anton O'Dwyer        (d. 1729)
 7 Sep 1720 - 1733         Karl Alexander von Würtemberg      (b. 1684 - d. 1737)
1733 -  4 Sep 1738         Karl Christoph von Schmettau       (b. 1696 - d. 1775)
Nov 1738 -  4 Sep 1739     Georg Oliver de Wallis             (b. 1673 - d. 1744)
Walis (in Nish 1719 - 1739)
1718 - Feb 1719            Mehmed Pasha Nishlija
Feb 1719 - 1721            Abdulah Pasa Muhsinovic (1st time)
1721 - Nov 1727            Osman Topal Pasha (1st time)
Nov 1727 - Nov 1730        Abdulah Pasha Muhsinovic (2nd time) 
Nov 1730 - Sep 1731        Ibsir Husein Pasha 
Sep 1731 - Aug 1732        Mehmed Pasha 
Aug 1732 - Aug 1733        Ismail Pasha 
Aug 1733 - Aug 1734        Osman Topal Pasha (2nd time) 
Aug 1734 - Apr 1735        Becir Pasha Nishand`i
Apr 1734 -  4 Sep 1739     Abdulah Pasha Muhsinovic (3rd time)
 4 Sep 1739 - 1739         Ivaz Mehmed Pasha (acting)
1739 - 1740                Ali Pasha Abdipashazade
Jul 1740 - Nov 1740        Elchi Mustapha Pasha Kara-
                             Mehmedpashazade (1st time)
Nov 1740 - 1741            Köprülüzade Hafiz Ahmed Pasha 
                             (1st time)
1741 - 1742                Mehmed Pasha
1742                       Mehmed Pasha Muhsinzade
1742 - 1743                Piri Haci Mustapha Pasha
1743 - 1746                Yahya Pasha Hatibzade
1747 - 1748                Seyid Mehmed Pasha Silahdar
1748 - 1750                Sherif Halil Yusuf Pasha
1750 - 1752                Köprülüzade Hafiz Ahmed Pasha
                             (2nd time)
1753 - 1754                Seyid Numan Pasha
1754 - 1755                Köprülüzade Hafiz Ahmed Pasha 
                             (3rd time)
1755 - 1756                Elchi Mustapha Pasha Kara-
                             Mehmedpashazade (2nd time)
1756 - 1758                Ibrahim Pasha Malatievi
1758 - 1761                Uzun Haci Hasan Pasha (1st time)
1761 - 1762                Benli Haci Mustafa Pasha
1762                       Pashazade Hoca Avdi Ali Pasha
                             (1st time)
1762 - 1764                Damad Melik Mehmed Pasha           (b. 1719 - d. 1801)
                             (1st time)
1764 - 1768                Mustafa Pasha
1768 - 1769                Uzun Haci Hasan Pasha (2nd time)
1769 - 1770                Kara Halil Pasha
1770 - 1772                Haci Halil Pasha Ivazzade
1772 - 1774                Mehmed Asif Pasha Sarigicuzel 
                             (1st time)
1774 - 1775                Osman Pasha Topaloghlu
1775 - 1776                Seyyid Hasan Pasha
1776 - 1779                Damad Melik Mehmed Pasha           (s.a.) 
                             (2nd time)
1779 - 1781                Mehmed Asif Pasha Sarigicuzel 
                             (2nd time)
1781 - 1783                Genc Mehmed Pasha
1783 - 1784                Izzet Mehmed Pasha
1784 - 1785                Raif Ismail Pasha
1785                       Selim Pasha
1785 - 1786                Yeghen Mahmud Pasha
1786 - 1788                Pashazade Hoca Avdi Ali Pasha
                             (2nd time)
1788 - 1789                Osman Pasha
Leader of Kocina Krajina Serb rebellion
 9 Feb 1788 -  7 Sep 1788  Koca Andjelkovic                   (b. 1755 - d. 1788)
Austrian Military Governors
Aug 1789 - 24 Aug 1791     Gideon Ernst von Laudon            (b. 1717 - d. 1791)
24 Aug 1791 - 23 Oct 1791  Johann Karl Kolowrat-Krakowsky     (b. 1748 - d. 1816)
Walis 
Sep 1791 -  Jul 1792       Abu Bekir Pasha (1st time)
Jul 1792 - 26 Nov 1792     Mehmed Ali Pekmeci Pasha
1792                       Kara Hasan Pasha (in rebellion)
1792                       Hadji Bisha Pasha (in rebellion)
26 Nov 1792 - Jan 1793     Ahmad Topal Pasha
1793 - 1795                Abu Bekir Pasha  (2nd time)
Apr 1795 - Jul 1795        Sasit Pasha                        (d. 1830)
Jul 1795 - Mar 1797        Sinikzade Haci Mustafa Pasha       (d. 1801)
                             (1st time)
Mar 1797 -  8 Jun 1798     Osman Agha Pasha (acting)
1798                       Pazvan Oglu Pasha                  (b. 1758 - d. 1807)
                             (in rebellion in parts of Serbia)
23 Nov 1798 - 21 Dec 1801  Sinikzade Haci Mustafa Pasha       (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
1799 -  7 Aug 1804         "Dahias" (in rebellion in Belgrade fortress) 
                           - Mehmed Agha Fochic               (d. 1804) 
                           - Aghanlia Baryaktar               (d. 1804) 
                           - Küçük Alia                       (d. 1804) 
                           - Mula Yusuf                       (d. 1804)
                           - Hasan Agha Pasha (1801-1804)
1802 - 1802                Halil Agha (acting)
May 1802 - 1804            Agha Hasan Pasha
1804                       Abu Bekir Pasha
                             (in rebellion)
Jun 1804 - 1805            Süleyman Pasha (1st time)          (d. 1807)
1805 - Aug 1805            Hafiz Pasha                        (d. 1805)
Aug 1805 - 23 Nov 1806     Halil Agha Gushanac
1806 - 1807                Süleyman Pasha (2nd time)          (s.a.)
1807 - 1808                Ibrahim Pasha
 4 Dec 1804 -  3 Oct 1813  First Serb rebellion (s.b.)
 3 Oct 1813 - 1813         Hursid Ahmed Pasha                 (d. 1822)
1813                       Derdenli Pasha
Oct 1813 - Oct 1815        Süleyman Pasha Skopljak            (d. 1818)
1814 - 1814                Hadzi Prodan Gligorijevic          (b. 1780 - d. 1821?)
                             (in rebellion)
Mar 1815 - Jun 1815        Second Serb rebellion (s.b.)
Oct 1815 -  6 Nov 1817     Marashli Ali Pasha                 (d. 1821)
Ottoman military governors of Kalemegdan fortress in Belgrade
 6 Nov 1817 - Sep 1821     Marashli Ali Pasha                 (s.a.)
Sep 1821 - 1827            Abdurrahman Pasha
1827 - 1833                Hüseyin Pasha Gavanazoglu
1833 - 1835                Vedjehi Veci Pasha
1835 - 1837                Yusuf Muhlis Pasha 
Dec 1837 - Jan 1841        Husrev Pasha Samakuli              (d. 1846)
Jan 1841 - Oct 1843        Haci Mehmed Kamil Pasha Mühendis   (d. 1859)
Oct 1843 - Jan 1846        Hafiz Mehmed Pasha Cherkes         (d. 1866)
Jan 1846 - Feb 1847        Mehmed Vecihi Pasha Yozgatli       (b. 1797 - d. 1867)
Feb 1847 - Jul 1848        Tepedenlizade Selim Sirri Pasha    (b. 1800 - d. 1848)
Jul 1848 - Oct 1848        Hafiz Ahmed Pasha Mühendis         (d. 1853)
Oct 1848 - May 1850        Hasan Pasha Kato                   (d. 1850)
May 1850 - Apr 1852        Mehmed Vasif Pasha Gürcü           (d. 1865)
Apr 1852 - Jul 1852        Mehmed Hurshid Pasha Arnavud       (d. 1876)
Jul 1852 - Feb 1854        Mehmed Besim Pasha                 (d. 1858)
Feb 1854 - Jan 1855        Ahmed Izzet Pasha                  (b. 1798 - d. 1876)
Jan 1855 - Jan 1857        Aziz Pasha
Jan 1857 - Jul 1857        Hasan Hüsnü Pasha
Jul 1857 - Jan 1861        Topal Osman Sherif Pash
1861                       Hurshid Pasha 
Apr 1861 - 1863            Reshid Pash
1863 - 1864                Ejub Pasha
1865 - 1866                Ali Pasha 
1866 - 19 Apr 1867         Ali Reza Pasha
Chief (from 26 Dec 1808, Supreme Chief)ą
14 Feb 1804 -  3 Oct 1813  Karadjordje (George Petrovic)      (b. 1762 - d. 1817)
Princesą
21 Nov 1815 - 13 Jun 1839  Milos Obrenovic I (1st time)       (b. 1780 - d. 1860)
13 Jun 1839 -  8 Jul 1839  Milan Obrenovic II                 (b. 1819 - d. 1839)
16 Jun 1839 - 17 Mar 1840  Provisional Regency
                           (for incapacitated Milan to 8 Jul 1839)
                           - Jevrem Teodorovic Obrenovic      (b. 1790 - d. 1856)
                           - Toma Vucic Perisic               (b. 1787 - d. 1859)
                           - Avram Petronijevic               (b. 1791 - d. 1852)
17 Mar 1840 - 14 Sep 1842  Mihailo Obrenovic III (1st time)   (b. 1823 - d. 1868)
                             (in Austria exile from 6 Sep 1842)
 8 Sep 1842 -  7 Nov 1842  Avram Petronijevic                 (s.a.) 
                             (acting for Mihailo, then Aleksandar)
14 Sep 1842 - 20 Jun 1843  Aleksandar Karadjordjevic          (b. 1806 - d. 1885)
                             (1st time)
14 Sep 1842 -  7 Nov 1842  Regency 
                           - Toma Vucic Perisic               (s.a.)
                             (self-styled "leader of the People")
                           - Avram Petronijevic               (s.a.)
                             (President of temporary Justice)
20 Jun 1843 - 27 Jun 1843  Regency
                           - Stefan Stefanovic Tenka          (b. 1797 - d. 1865)
                           - Lazar Teodorovic                 (b. 1781 - d. 1846)
                           - Milosav Zdravkovic Resavac       (b. 1788 - d. 1854)
27 Jun 1843 - 23 Dec 1858  Aleksandar Karadjordjevic          (s.a.)
                            (2nd time)
23 Dec 1858 - 24 Dec 1858  Misa Anastasijevic                 (b. 1803 - d. 1885)
                             (President of the People's Assembly)
24 Dec 1858 - 26 Sep 1860  Milos Obrenovic I (2nd time)       (s.a.)
24 Dec 1858 -  9 Feb 1859  Represenatives of the Prince (Regency) 
                           - Ilija Garasanin                  (b. 1812 - d. 1874)
                             (to 17 Jan 1859)
                           - Stevca Mihailovic                (b. 1804 - d. 1888)
                             (to 17 Jan 1859)
                           - Jevtimije Ugricic                (b. 1800 - d. 1886)
                             (to 17 Jan 1859)
                           - Stevca Mihailovic                (s.a.)
                             (from 17 Jan 1859)
26 Sep 1860 - 10 Jun 1868  Mihailo Obrenovic III (2nd time)   (s.a.)
10 Jun 1868 -  2 Jul 1868  Provisional Regency
                           - Jovan Marinovic                  (b. 1821 - d. 1893)
                              (president of state council)
                           - Rajko Jovanovic Lesjanin         (b. 1826 - d. 1872)
                           - Djordje Petrovic
 2 Jul 1868 -  6 Mar 1882  Milan Obrenovic IV                 (b. 1854 - d. 1901)
 2 Jul 1868 - 22 Aug 1872  Regency
                           - Milivoje Petrovic Blaznavac      (b. 1824 - d. 1873)
                           - Jovan Ristic                     (b. 1831 - d. 1899)
                           - Jovan Gavrilovic                 (b. 1796 - d. 1877)
Kingsą
 6 Mar 1882 -  6 Mar 1889  Milan I                            (s.a.)
 6 Mar 1889 - 11 Jun 1903  Aleksandar I                       (b. 1876 - d. 1903)
 6 Mar 1889 - 13 Apr 1893  Regency
                           - Jovan Ristic                     (s.a.)
                           - Jovan Belimarkovic               (b. 1827 - d. 1906)  Mil
                           - Kosta S. Protic (to 16 Jun 1892) (b. 1831 - d. 1892)  Mil
11 Jun 1903 - 25 Jun 1903  Jovan Avakumovic -Regent           (b. 1841 - d. 1928)
15 Jun 1903 -  1 Dec 1918  Petar I                            (b. 1844 - d. 1921)
                            (from Nov 1915, in Corfu, Greece exile)
 5 Jul 1914 -  1 Dec 1918  Prince Aleksandar                  (b. 1888 - d. 1934)
                             Karadjordjevic -Regent 
Austro-Hungarian Commanders 
(in northern Serbia; in Belgrade after Nov 1915) 
28 Aug 1914 - 27 Dec 1914  Oskar Potiorek                     (b. 1853 - d. 1933)
27 Dec 1914 - 27 May 1915  Eugen Ferdinand, Erzherzog von     (b. 1863 - d. 1954)
                             Habsburg-Lothringen 
27 May 1915 - 27 Sep 1915  Karl Tersztyánszky von Nádás       (b. 1854 - d. 1921)
27 Sep 1915 -  1 Jan 1916  Herman Freiherr Kövess             (b. 1854 - d. 1924)
                             von Kövessháza
Austro-Hungarian Governors-general
 1 Jan 1916 - Jul 1916     Johan Ulrich Graf von Salis-       (b. 1862 - d. 1940)
                             Seewis
Jul 1916 - Oct 1918        Adolf Freiherr von Rhemen zu       (b. 1855 - d. 1932)
                             Barensfeld
Oct 1918 -  1 Nov 1918     Herman Freiherr Kövess             (s.a.)
                             von Kövessháza
Commanders of the Bulgarian forces operating in Serbia
- in Eastern Serbia -
1915 - 1916                Kliment Eftimov Boyadzhiev         (b. 1861 - d. 1933)
1916 - 1918                Dimitar Ivanov Geshov              (b. 1860 - d. 1922)
1918                       Stefan Mikhaylov Nerezov           (b. 1867 - d. 1925)
- in Southern Serbia -
1915 - 1918                Todor Todorov                      (b. 1858 - d. 1924) 
1918                       Ivan Tsonev Lukov                  (b. 1871 - d. 1926)
Commanders of Serbian troops in liberated Serbia
1918                       Petar Bojovic (in northern Serbia) (b. 1858 - d. 1945)
                           + Stepa Stepanovic                 (b. 1859 - d. 1929)
                            (in southern Serbia) 
Bans of Morava 
 9 Oct 1929 - 1931         Djordje B. Nestorovic              (b. 1864 - d. 1932)
1931 - 1932                Djordje Drenovac 
1932 - 1935                Jeremija Zivanovic                 (b. 1874 - d. 1940)
1935 - 1936                Dobrica Matkovic                   (b. 1887 - d. 1973)
27 Apr 1936 - 1937         Marko Novakovic    
1937 - Sep 1938            Predrag Lukic
Sep 1938 - 1939            Janicije Krasojevic 
1939 - 1941                Milan Nikolic                      (b. 1877 - d. 1943)
1941 - 17 Apr 1941         Ivan Djordjevic                    (b. 1893 - d. 19..)
Presidents of Municipality of Belgrade
18 Feb 1929 - 23 May 1930  Milos Savcic                       (b. 1865 - d. 1941)
23 May 1930 - 12 May 1932  Milan Nesic                        (b. 1886 - d. 19..)
12 May 1932 -  5 Jan 1935  Milutin Petrovic
10 Jan 1935 - 13 Sep 1939  Vlada Ilic                         (b. 1882 - d. 1952)
13 Sep 1939 - 20 Jun 1940  Vojin Djuricic                     (b. 1888 - d. 1944)
20 Jun 1940 -  2 Apr 1941  Jevrem Tomic                       (d. 1941)
 2 Apr 1941 -  6 Apr 1941  Dobrivoje T. Lazarevic             (b. 1886 - d. af.1945)
 6 Apr 1941 - 19 Jun 1941  Ivan I. Milicevic (acting)
19 Jun 1941 - 11 Sep 1941  Jovan Milicevic
King
29 Aug 1941 - 20 Oct 1944  Government under German occupation 
                           carried on in the name of the
                           absent and non-consenting
                           King Petar II                      (b. 1923 - d. 1970)
German Military Commanders
 6 Apr 1941 - 20 Apr 1941  Maximilian Maria Joseph Freiherr   (b. 1881 - d. 1954)
                             von und zu Weichs 
 6 Apr 1941 - 20 Apr 1941  Wilhelm Sigmund List               (b. 1880 - d. 1971)
German Military Governors
20 Apr 1941 -  9 Jun 1941  Helmuth Förster                    (b. 1889 - d. 1965)
 9 Jun 1941 - 29 Jul 1941  Ludwig Wilhelm von Schröder        (b. 1884 - d. 1941)
29 Jul 1941 - 19 Sep 1941  Heinrich Bernhard Danckelmann      (b. 1887 - d. 1947)
19 Sep 1941 -  4 Dec 1941  Franz Böhme                        (b. 1894 - d. 1947)
 4 Dec 1941 - 26 Aug 1943  Paul Bader                         (b. 1883 - d. 1971)
26 Aug 1943 - 20 Oct 1944  Hans-Gustav Felber                 (b. 1889 - d. 1962)
Bulgarian Military Governor (in southern Serbia)
Jun/Jul 1942 - 29 Aug 1944 Asen Nikolov                       (b. 1891 - d. 1945) 
Presidents
11 Jan 1991 - 23 Jul 1997  Slobodan Milosevic                 (b. 1941 - d. 2006)  SPS
23 Jul 1997 - 29 Dec 1997  Dragan Tomic (acting)              (b. 1936)            SPS
29 Dec 1997 - 29 Dec 2002  Milan Milutinovic                  (b. 1942)            SPS
30 Dec 2002 - 27 Jan 2004  Natasa Micic (f) (acting)          (b. 1965)            GSS
27 Jan 2004 -  4 Feb 2004  Velimir Simonovic (acting)         (b. 1928)            DSS
 4 Feb 2004 -  3 Mar 2004  Dragan Marsicanin (acting)         (b. 1950)            DSS
 3 Mar 2004 -  4 Mar 2004  Vojislav Mihailovic (acting)       (b. 1951)            SPO
 4 Mar 2004 - 11 Jul 2004  Predrag Markovic (acting)          (b. 1955)            G-17
11 Jul 2004 -  5 Apr 2012  Boris Tadic                        (b. 1958)            DS
 5 Apr 2012 - 31 May 2012  Slavica Djukic Dejanovic (f)       (b. 1951)            SPS
                             (acting)
31 May 2012 -              Tomislav Nikolic                   (b. 1952)            SNS

  
Presidents of the Administering Council
25 Aug 1805 - Oct 1805     Jovan Protic (acting)              (b. 1770 - d. 1827)
Oct 1805 - mid-1806        Mateja Nenadovic                   (b. 1777 - d. 1854)
mid-1806 - Jan 1808        Karadjordje (1st time)             (s.a.)
Jan 1808 - Nov 1809        Mladen Milovanovic                 (b. 1760 - d. 1823)
Nov 1809 - 22 Jan 1811     Jakov Nenadovic                    (b. 1765 - d. 1836)
22 Jan 1811 -  3 Oct 1813  Karadjordje (2nd time)             (s.a.)
Presidents of People's Chancellery
21 Nov 1815 - 16 May 1816  Petar Nikolajevic Moler            (b. 1775 - d. 1816)
1818 - 1820                Avram Petronijevic (1st time)      (s.a.)
1821 - 1826                Jevrem Obrenovic                   (b. 1790 - d. 1856)
1826                       Avram Petronijevic (2nd time)      (s.a.)
1826                       Miloje Todorovic                   (b. 1762 - d. 1832)
1826 - 1835                Dimitrije Davidovic                (b. 1789 - d. 1839)
1835 - 1839                Jakov Zivanovic                    (b. 1808 - d. 1861)
Prime ministers (to 21 Oct 1861 Representatives of the Prince; 1862 - 1903 
Presidents of the ministry; from 1903 Presidents of the ministerial council) 
15 Feb 1835 - 28 Mar 1836  Koca Markovic                      (b. 1795 - d. 1836)
28 Mar 1836 - 26 Feb 1839  Stefan Stefanovic Tenka (acting)   (b. 1797 - d. 1865)
26 Feb 1839 -  8 May 1840  Avram Petronijevic (1st time)      (s.a.)
 8 May 1840 - 15 May 1840  Paun Jankovic (acting)             (b. 1808 - d. 1865)
15 May 1840 -  8 Sep 1842  Djordje Protic                     (b. 1793 - d. 1857)
 8 Sep 1842 - 20 Jun 1843  Avram Petronijevic (2nd time)      (s.a.)
20 Jun 1843 - 29 Nov 1843  Aleksa Jankovic (1st time)         (b. 1806 - d. 1869)
                             (acting [for Simic from 6 Oct 1843])
 6 Oct 1843 - 11 Oct 1844  Aleksa Simic (1st time)            (b. 1800 - d. 1872)
11 Oct 1844 - 22 Apr 1852  Avram Petronijevic (3rd time)      (s.a.)
Oct 1851 - 25 Sep 1852     Aleksa Jankovic (2nd time)         (s.a.)
                             (acting [for Petronijevic to 22 Apr 1852])
25 Sep 1852 - 26 Mar 1853  Ilija Garasanin (1st time)         (b. 1812 - d. 1874)
26 Mar 1853 - 28 Dec 1855  Aleksa Simic (2nd time)            (s.a.)
28 Dec 1855 - 10 Jun 1856  Aleksa Jankovic (3rd time)         (s.a.
10 Jun 1856 - 28 Sep 1856  Stevan Markovic (1st time)(acting) (b. 1804 - d. 1864)
28 Sep 1856 -  1 Jul 1857  Aleksa Simic (3rd time)            (s.a.)
 1 Jul 1857 - 12 Jun 1858  Stevan Markovic (2nd time)         (s.a.)
12 Jun 1858 - 18 Apr 1859  Stevan Magazinovic                 (b. 1804 - d. 1874)
18 Apr 1859 -  8 Nov 1860  Cvetko Rajovic                     (b. 1793 - d. 1873)
 8 Nov 1860 - 21 Oct 1861  Filip Hristic                      (b. 1819 - d. 1903)
21 Oct 1861 - 15 Nov 1867  Ilija Garasanin (2nd time)         (s.a.)               CP
15 Nov 1867 -  3 Dec 1867  Jovan Ristic (1st time)            (s.a.)               LS
 3 Dec 1867 -  3 Jul 1868  Nikola Hristic (1st time)          (b. 1816 - d. 1911)  CP
 3 Jul 1868 -  8 Aug 1869  Djordje Cenic                      (b. 1825 - d. 1903)  CP
 8 Aug 1869 - 22 Aug 1872  Radivoje Milojkovic                (b. 1832 - d. 1888)  LS
22 Aug 1872 -  5 Apr 1873  Milivoje Petrovic Blaznavac        (s.a.)               Mil
 5 Apr 1873 -  3 Nov 1873  Jovan Ristic (2nd time)            (s.a.)               LS
                             (acting to 14 Apr 1873)
 3 Nov 1873 -  7 Dec 1874  Jovan Marinovic                    (b. 1821 - d. 1893)  NP
 7 Dec 1874 -  3 Feb 1875  Acim Cumic                         (b. 1836 - d. 1901)  NP
 3 Feb 1875 - 31 Aug 1875  Danilo Stefanovic                  (b. 1815 - d. 1886)  CP
31 Aug 1875 -  8 Oct 1875  Stevca Mihailovic (1st time)       (b. 1804 - d. 1888)  LS
 8 Oct 1875 -  6 May 1876  Ljubomir Kaljevic                  (b. 1841 - d. 1907)  SNS
 6 May 1876 - 13 Oct 1878  Stevca Mihailovic (2nd time)       (s.a.)               LS
13 Oct 1878 -  2 Nov 1880  Jovan Ristic (3rd time)            (s.a.)               LS
 2 Nov 1880 - 13 Oct 1883  Milan Pirocanac                    (b. 1837 - d. 1897)  SNS
13 Oct 1883 -  1 Mar 1884  Nikola Hristic (2nd time)          (s.a.)               CP
 1 Mar 1884 - 13 Jun 1887  Milutin Garasanin                  (b. 1843 - d. 1908)  SNS
13 Jun 1887 - 31 Dec 1887  Jovan Ristic (4th time)            (s.a.)               LS
31 Dec 1887 - 26 Apr 1888  Sava Grujic (1st time)             (b. 1840 - d. 1913)  SNRS
26 Apr 1888 -  6 Mar 1889  Nikola Hristic (3rd time)          (s.a.)               CP
 6 Mar 1889 -  7 Mar 1889  Kosta Protic                       (s.a.)               Mil
 7 Mar 1889 - 23 Feb 1891  Sava Grujic (2nd time)             (s.a.)               SNRS
23 Feb 1891 - 21 Aug 1892  Nikola Pasic (1st time)            (b. 1845 - d. 1926)  SNRS
21 Aug 1892 - 13 Apr 1893  Jovan Avakumovic (1st time)        (s.a.)               LS
13 Apr 1893 -  5 Dec 1893  Lazar Dokic                        (b. 1845 - d. 1893)SNRS/Non-prty
 5 Dec 1893 - 24 Jan 1894  Sava Grujic (3rd time)             (s.a.)             SNRS/Non-prty
24 Jan 1894 -  2 Apr 1894  Djordje Simic (1st time)           (b. 1843 - d. 1921)SNRS/Non-prty
 2 Apr 1894 - 27 Oct 1894  Svetomir Nikolajevic               (b. 1844 - d. 1922)SNRS/Non-prty
27 Oct 1894 -  7 Jul 1895  Nikola Hristic (4th time)          (s.a.)               CP/Non-prty
 7 Jul 1895 - 29 Dec 1896  Stojan Novakovic (1st time)        (b. 1842 - d. 1915)  SNS
29 Dec 1896 - 23 Oct 1897  Djordje Simic (2nd time)           (s.a.)               SNRS
23 Oct 1897 - 24 Jul 1900  Vladan Djordjevic                  (b. 1844 - d. 1930)NP/Non-party
24 Jul 1900 -  2 Apr 1901  Aleksa Jovanovic                   (b. 1846 - d. 1920)  Non-party
 2 Apr 1901 - 20 Oct 1902  Mihailo Vujic                      (b. 1853 - d. 1913)SNRS/Non-prty
20 Oct 1902 - 19 Nov 1902  Petar Velimirovic (1st time)       (b. 1848 - d. 1922)SNRS/Non-prty
19 Nov 1902 - 11 Jun 1903  Dimitrije Cincar-Markovic          (b. 1849 - d. 1903)  Non-party
11 Jun 1903 -  4 Oct 1903  Jovan Avakumovic (2nd time)        (s.a.)              LS/Non-party
 4 Oct 1903 - 10 Dec 1904  Sava Grujic (4th time)             (s.a.)               SNRS
10 Dec 1904 - 29 May 1905  Nikola Pasic (2nd time)            (s.a.)               SNRS
29 May 1905 - 14 Mar 1906  Ljubomir Stojanovic                (b. 1861 - d. 1930)  SNRS/Ind-R
14 Mar 1906 - 30 Apr 1906  Sava Grujic (5th time)             (s.a.)               SNRS
30 Apr 1906 - 20 Jul 1908  Nikola Pasic (3rd time)            (s.a.)               SNRS
20 Jul 1908 - 24 Feb 1909  Petar Velimirovic (2nd time)       (s.a.)               SNRS
24 Feb 1909 - 24 Oct 1909  Stojan Novakovic (2nd time)        (s.a.)               SNS
24 Oct 1909 -  7 Jul 1911  Nikola Pasic (4th time)            (s.a.)               SNRS
 7 Jul 1911 -  1 Jul 1912  Milovan Milovanovic                (b. 1863 - d. 1912)  SNRS
 1 Jul 1912 - 12 Sep 1912  Marko Trifkovic                    (b. 1864 - d. 1928)  SNRS
12 Sep 1912 -  1 Dec 1918  Nikola Pasic (5th time)            (s.a.)               SNRS
                             (from Nov 1915 in Corfu, Greece exile)
President of the Council of Commissioners
30 Apr 1941 - 29 Aug 1941  Milan Acimovic                     (b. 1898 - d. 1946)  fascist
President of the Ministerial Council (of the Serbian Government of National Salvation)
29 Aug 1941 - 10 Oct 1944  Milan Nedic                        (b. 1877 - d. 1946)  Mil/fascist
President of Council of State Administration for Serbia
10 Oct 1944 - 20 Oct 1944  Ivan Petkovic
Prime ministers
11 Feb 1991 - 23 Dec 1991  Dragutin Zelenovic                 (b. 1928)            SPS
23 Dec 1991 - 10 Feb 1993  Radoman Bozovic                    (b. 1953)            SPS
10 Feb 1993 - 18 Mar 1994  Nikola Sainovic                    (b. 1948)            SPS
18 Mar 1994 - 24 Oct 2000  Mirko Marjanovic                   (b. 1937 - d. 2006)  SPS
24 Oct 2000 - 25 Jan 2001  Milomir Minic (interim)            (b. 1950)            SPS
- deputy prime ministers (de facto co-prime ministers) -
24 Oct 2000 - 25 Jan 2001  Nebojsa Covic (interim)            (b. 1958)            DA
                           + Spasoje Krunic (interim)         (b. 1939)            SPO
Prime ministers
25 Jan 2001 - 12 Mar 2003  Zoran Djindjic                     (b. 1952 - d. 2003)  DS
12 Mar 2003 - 16 Mar 2003  Nebojsa Covic (acting)             (s.a.)               DA
17 Mar 2003 - 18 Mar 2003  Zarko Korac (acting)               (b. 1947)            SDP
18 Mar 2003 -  3 Mar 2004  Zoran Zivkovic                     (b. 1960)            DS
 3 Mar 2004 -  7 Jul 2008  Vojislav Kostunica                 (b. 1944)            DSS
 7 Jul 2008 - 27 Jul 2012  Mirko Cvetkovic                    (b. 1950)            DS
27 Jul 2012 -              Ivica Dacic                        (b. 1966)            SPS

 ąFull style of the ruler:
(a) 15 Feb 1804 - 25 Dec 1808: Verhovni Komandant ("Supreme Commander");
(b) 25 Dec 1808 - 22 Jan 1811: Verhovni Serbski Predvoditelj ("Supreme Serbian Leader");
(c) 22 Jan 1811 - 3 Oct 1813: Verhovni Vozd ("Supreme Leader");
(d) 21 Nov 1815 - 6 Nov 1817: Verhovni Knjaz i Predvoditelj Naroda Serbskog ("Prince and Supreme Leader of the Serbian People");
(e) 6 Nov 1817 - 25 Feb 1839, 11 Jul 1869 - 6 Mar 1882 (New style): Knjaz Srbski ("Serbian Prince");
(f) 25 Feb 1839 - 11 Jul 1869: Knjaz naroda Serbskog ("Prince of the Serbian People");
(g) 6 Mar 1882 - 1 Dec 1918 (New Style): Po milosti Bozjoj i volji narodnoj, Kralj Srbije
("By the grace of God and the will of the people, King of Serbia");

Territorial Disputes: Serbia with several other states protest the U.S. and other states' recognition of Kosovo's declaration of its status as a sovereign and independent state in Feb 2008; ethnic Serbian municipalities along Kosovo's northern border challenge final status of Kosovo-Serbia boundary; several thousand NATO-led Kosovo Force peacekeepers under United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo authority continue to keep the peace within Kosovo between the ethnic Albanian majority and the Serb minority in Kosovo; Serbia delimited about half of the boundary with Bosnia and Herzegovina, but sections along the Drina River remain in dispute.

Party abbreviations: DA = Demokratska Alternativa (Democratic Alternative, member of DOS, splinters of DS, est.1997); DS = Demokratska Stranka (Democratic Party, centrist 1919-1945, social democratic, re-est. 3 Feb 1990); DSS = Demokratska Stranka Srbije (Democratic Party of Serbia, conservative, founded by splinters of DS on 26 Jul 1992); LDS = Liberalno Demokratska Stranka (Liberal-Democratic Party, liberal, split from DS, est.2005); SNS = Srpska Napredna Stranka (Serbian Progressive Party, center-right, pro-European, split from SRS, est.2008); SPO = Srpski Pokret Obnove (Serbian Renewal Movement, center-right, monarchist, est.14 Mar 1990); SPS = Socijalisticka Partija Srbije (Socialist Party of Serbia, socialist, former SKS, to 2000 authoritarian, est.27 Jul 1990); SRS = Srpska Radikalna Stranka (Serbian Radical Party, nationalist, right-wing populist, est.23 Feb 1991); Mil = Military;
- Former parties: CP = Conservative Party ("old" conservatives); DOS = Demokratska Opozicija Srbije (Democratic Opposition of Serbia, wide alliance of democratic political parties,  anti-SPS and anti-Slobodan Milosevic, 2000-17 Nov 2003); G-17 = Group of 17 Plus (center-right, liberal conservative, 2002-2013); GSS = Gradjanski Savez Srbije (Civic Alliance of Serbia, liberal, merger of Republican Club and Reform Party, 1992 - 7 Apr 2007, merged into LDS); Ind-R = Independent Radical; KPS = Komunisticka Partija Srbije (Communist Party of Serbia, 1941-1952, renamed SKS); LS = Srpska Liberalna Stranka (Serbian Liberal Party, liberal, 1858-1919, 1991-2010); ND = Nova Demokratija (New Democracy, liberal, split from SPS, 1990-1998, merged into DSS); NP = Napredna Stranka (Progressive Party, "young" conservatives); SDP = Socijaldemokratija (Social Democracy Party, merger of SD and SDU, 21 Apr 2002 - 8 Apr 2003); SKS = Savez Komunista Srbije (League of Communists of Serbia, former KPS, 1952-27 Jul 1990, then SPS); SNRS = Srpska Narodna Radikalna Stranka (Serbian People's Radical Party, radical liberal, 1881-1929); SNS = Srpska Napredna Stranka (Serbian Progressive Party, liberal, 1881-1919)

Nish

1439                       Ottoman Sanjak (district) of Nish (Nis). 
24 Sep 1689 -  8 Sep 1690  Austrian occupation.
Jul 1737 - 16 Oct 1737     Austrian occupation.
18.. - 1850                Part of Rumelia (see under Bulgaria).
29 Dec 1877 - 1913         Under Uskib (Albania), then Janina (Greece) provinces.
30 May 1913                Annexed by Serbia.

Walis (governors)
 8 Sep 1690 - 1718         ....
1718 - Feb 1719            Mehmed Pasha Nishandji
Feb 1719 - 1721            Abdulllah Paha Muhsinzade
                             (1st time) 
1721 - Nov 1727            Osman Topal Pasha (1st time)
Nov 1727 - Nov 1730        Abdulllah Paha Muhsinzade 
                             (2nd time)
Nov 1730 - Sep 1731        Ibshir Husein Pasha
Sep 1731 - Aug 1732        Mehmed Pasha
Aug 1732 - Aug 1733        Ismail Pasha
Aug 1733 - Aug 1734        Osman Topal Pasha (2nd time)
Aug 1734 - Apr 1735        Becir Pasha Nishandji
Apr 1735 - Jul 1737        Abdulllah Paha Muhsinzade
                             (3rd time)
Jul 1737 - 16 Oct 1737     Austrian occupation
16 Oct 1735 - 1739?        Abdulllah Paha Muhsinzade
                             (4th time)
.... - 1805                Hafiz Pasha
1805 - 1839                ....
May 1839 - Oct 1839        Gürcü Mehmed Vasif Pasha (1st time)(d. 1865)
Oct 1839 - Mar 1840        Mirza Tatar Mehmed Said Pasha      (d. 1871)
Mar 1840 - Apr 1840        Köse Ahmed Zekeriya Pasha          (d. 1841)
May 1840 - Sep 1844        Mustafa Sabri Pasha                (d. 1851)
Sep 1844 - Nov 1845        Mühendis Hafiz Ahmed Pasha         (d. 1853)
Dec 1845 - May 1850        Gürcü Mehmed Vasif Pasha (2nd time)(s.a.)
1852 - Jul 1852            Besim Pasha                        (d. 1858)
1852 - 1857                ....
1857 - 1858                Gürcü Mehmed Vasif Pasha (3rd time)(s.a.)
1859 - 1860                Zaymal Pasha
May 1860 - Feb 1861        Osman Pasha Raufpashazade          (d. 1878)
Feb 1861 - Aug 1864        Hafiz Ahmed Midhat Shefik Pasha    (b. 1828 - d. 1882)
1864 - 12 May 1867         Süleyman
12 May 1867 - 1872         Abdurrahman Nureddin Pasha         (b. 1833 - d. 1912)
1872 - 1876                ....
 7 Jul 1876 - 1877         Mazhar Ahmed Pasha
1877 - 29 Dec 1877         Kürd Reshid Pasha                  (b. 1841 - d. ....)



Socialist Republic of Serbia

 
[Flag of SR
                Serbia]
                     17 Jan 1947 - 27 Apr 1992 

31 Jan 1946                People's Republic of Serbia
 7 Apr 1963                Socialist Republic of Serbia

Secretaries of the Central Committee of the Communist Party
(from 1952, League of Communists)
1941 - 1948                Blagoje Neskovic                  (b. 1907 - d. 1984)
1948 - Mar 1957            Petar Stambolic                   (b. 1912 - d. 2007)
Mar 1957 -  4 Nov 1966     Jovan Veselinov                   (b. 1906 - d. 1982)
Chairmen of the Central Committee of the League of Communists
 4 Nov 1966 - Feb 1968     Dobrivoje Radosavljevic           (b. 1915 - d. 1984)
Feb 1968 - Nov 1968        Petar Stambolic                   (s.a.)
Nov 1968 - 26 Oct 1972     Marko Nikezic                     (b. 1921 - d. 1991)
26 Oct 1972 - May 1982     Tihomir Vlaskalic                 (b. 1923 - d. 1993)
May 1982 - 17 May 1984     Dusan Ckrebic                     (b. 1927)
17 May 1984 - 1985         Radisa Gacic                      (b. 1938)
1985 - May 1986            Ivan Stambolic                    (b. 1936 - d. 2000)
May 1986 - 24 May 1989     Slobodan Milosevic                (b. 1941 - d. 2006)
24 May 1989 - 16 Jul 1990  Bogdan Trifunovic                 (b. 1933 - d. 2007)
 

Chairman of the Anti-Fascist Assembly of People's Liberation
12 Nov 1944 -  7 Apr 1945  Sinisa Stankovic                  (b. 1892 - d. 1974)  KPS
President of the Presidium of the People's Assembly
 7 Apr 1945 - Mar 1953     Sinisa Stankovic                  (s.a.)              KPS;1952 SKS
Presidents of the National Assembly
Mar 1953 - Dec 1953        ....
Dec 1953 - Apr 1957        Petar Stambolic                   (s.a.)               SKS
Apr 1957 - 26 Jun 1963     Jovan Veselinov                   (s.a.)               SKS
26 Jun 1963 -  6 May 1967  Dusan Petrovic                    (b. 1914 - d. 1977)  SKS
 6 May 1967 -  6 May 1969  Milos Minic                       (b. 1914 - d. 2003)  SKS
 6 May 1969 - 19 Apr 1974  Dragoslav Markovic                (b. 1920 - d. 2005)  SKS
19 Apr 1974 -  6 May 1974  Zivan Vasiljevic                  (b. 1920 - d. 2007)  SKS
Presidents of the Presidency
 6 May 1974 -  5 May 1978  Dragoslav Markovic                (s.a.)               SKS
 5 May 1978 -  5 May 1982  Dobrivoje Vidic                   (b. 1918 - d. 1991)  SKS
 5 May 1982 - 15 May 1984  Nikola Ljubicic                   (b. 1916 - d. 2005)  SKS
15 May 1984 -  5 May 1985  Dusan Ckrebic                     (s.a.)               SKS
 5 May 1985 - 14 Dec 1987  Ivan Stambolic                    (s.a.)               SKS
14 Dec 1987 - 20 Mar 1989  Petar Gracanin                    (b. 1923 - d. 2004)  SKS
20 Mar 1989 -  8 May 1989  Ljubisa Igic (acting)                                  SKKS
 8 May 1989 - 11 Jan 1991  Slobodan Milosevic                (s.a.)               SKS;1990 SPS
 

Chairman of the Provisional Committee for Serbia 
18 Nov 1944 -  1 Jan 1945  Milentije Popovic (acting)        (b. 1913 - d. 1971)  KPS
President of the Public Economic Council 
18 Nov 1944 -  9 Apr 1945  Pavle Savic                       (b. 1909 - d. 1994)  KPS
                            (commissar for restoration to 1 Jan 1945)
Minister for Serbia (part of Yugoslav government)
 7 Mar 1945 -  9 Apr 1945  Jakov Jasa Prodanovic             (b. 1867 - d. 1948)  KPS
Prime ministers
 9 Apr 1945 -  5 Sep 1948  Blagoje Neskovic                  (s.a.)               KPS
 5 Sep 1948 -  5 Feb 1953  Petar Stambolic                   (s.a.)              KPS;1952 SKS
Presidents of the Executive Council
 5 Feb 1953 - 16 Dec 1953  Petar Stambolic                   (s.a.)               SKS
16 Dec 1953 -  6 Apr 1957  Jovan Veselinov                   (s.a.)               SKS
 6 Apr 1957 -  9 Jun 1962  Milos Minic                       (s.a.)               SKS
 9 Jun 1962 -  6 Nov 1964  Slobodan Penezic Krcun            (b. 1918 - d. 1964)  SKS
 6 Nov 1964 - 17 Nov 1964  Stevan Doronjski (acting)         (b. 1919 - d. 1981)  SKS
17 Nov 1964 -  6 May 1967  Dragi Stamenkovic                 (b. 1920 - d. 2004)  SKS
 6 May 1967 -  6 May 1969  Djurica Jojkic                    (b. 1914 - d. 1981)  SKS
 7 May 1969 -  6 May 1974  Milenko Bojanic                   (b. 1924 - d. 1987)  SKS
 6 May 1974 -  6 May 1978  Dusan Ckrebic                     (s.a.)               SKS
 6 May 1978 -  5 May 1982  Ivan Stambolic                    (s.a.)               SKS
 5 May 1982 -  6 May 1986  Branislav Ikonic                  (b. 1928 - d. 2002)  SKS
 6 May 1986 -  5 Dec 1989  Desimir Jeftic                    (b. 1938)            SKS
 5 Dec 1989 - 11 Feb 1991  Stanko Radmilovic                 (b. 1936)            SKS;1990 SPS


Party abbreviations: KPS = Komunisticka Partija Srbije (Communist Party of Serbia, 1941-1952 renamed SKS); SKS = Savez Komunista Srbije (League of Communists of Serbia, former KPS, 1952-27 Jul 1990); SPS = Socijalisticka Partija Srbije (Socialist Party of Serbia, socialist, authoritarian 1990-2000, former SKS, est.27 Jul 1990)


Yugoslavia (
Serbia and Montenegro)
 
[Royal
                                  Yugoslavia (1918-1941)]
            1 Dec 1918 - 17 Apr 1941;
      4 Dec 1943 - 31 Jan 1946 (de jure)
  
[State
                                  Flag of Yugoslavia 1922-1941,
                                  1943-1945]
    28 Feb 1922 - 17 Apr 1941 State Flag;
        4 Dec 1943 - 31 Jan 1946 (de jure)
 
[Democratic Federal Yugoslavia
                                  (1943-1946)]
               29 Nov 1943 - 31 Jan 1946 (de facto) 
            Democratic Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
 
[Federal
                                  Peoples' Republic of Yugoslavia,
                                  1946-1992]
                   31 Jan 1946 - 27 Apr 1992; 
                   4 Dec 1943 - 2 Dec 1945 (de facto)
 
[Flag of
                                  Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
                                  1992-2003, Serbia and Montenegro
                                  2003-2006]
                   27 Apr 1992 - 5 Jun 2006



Map of Serbia and Montenegro
Hear National Anthem
"Hej, Sloveni" (Hey, Slavs)
Text of National Anthem
(4 Feb 2003-3 Jun 2006)
Constitution
  (4 Feb 2003) 
Legislative & Executive
Capital
: Belgrade

Judicial Capital: Podgorica
(from 4 Feb 2003)
Currency: Serbian
Dinar (CSD);
Kosovo and Montenegro
use Euro (EUR)
National Holiday: 4 Feb (2003)
Union Day 
Population: 10,832,545 (2006)
GDP: $43.56 billion (2005) 
Exports: $5.48 billion (2005)
Imports: $11.94 billion (2005)
Ethnic groups: Serb 62.1%, Albanian 17.1%, Montenegrin 4.3%, 
Hungarian 4.3%, Croat 3.1%, Sandzak and Bosniak 1.8%,
Roma (Gypsy) 1.4%, Slovak 0.9%, Romanian 0.8%, other 4.2% (2000) 
Total Active Armed Forces: 74,200 (2003)
NATO/UN Forces in Kosovo: 19,000 (Oct. 2004)
Merchant marine: 5 ships (2005)
Religions: Serbian Orthodox 62.6%, Muslim 19%,
Roman Catholic 5.8%, Protestant 1%, other 
(mostly non-religious) 11.6% (1995)
International Organizations/Treaties 2003-2006: APM, BIS, BSCE, BTWC, CE, CEFTA, CEI, CTBT, CTBTO, CWC, DC, EBRD, ESCR, Eutelsat, FAO, G- 9, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt, ICFTU, ICRM, ICSID, IDA, IFAD (suspended), IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISA, ISO, ITSO, ITU, KP, MIGA, NAM (observer), NPT, NTBT, OAS (observer), OPCW, OSCE, PCA, SECI, SECP, UN, UNCLOS, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNFCC, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNWTO, UPU, WCL, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO (observer)
Yugoslavia
Index
Chronology

29 Oct 1918                Proclamation of the establishment of the State of
                             the Slovenes, Croats and Serbs, resolution is
                             passed by the Sabor of the Triune Kingdom of
                             Croatia, Slavonia, and Dalmatia (see Croatia).
24 Nov 1918                Proposal for unification of the State of the
                             Slovenes, Croats and Serbs with Serbia is
                             approved by resolution of the National Council.
 1 Dec 1918                State of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes (informally
                             called Yugoslavia).
 4 Jun 1920                By the Treaty of Trianon Hungary formally 
                             surrenders claims to Croatia, Slavonia, 
                             Vojvodina, Bosnia-Hercegovia, western Banat,
                             Prekmurje-Medjimurje to Yugoslavia.
16 Jul 1920                Austrian provinces of Bosnia-Hercegovina, 
                             Carniola, Dalmatia, and parts of Styria and
                             Carinthia incorporated by the Treaty of 
                             St. Germain-en-Laye.
24 Aug 1920                Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes 
 4 Oct 1929                Kingdom of Yugoslavia
17 Apr 1941                State dissolved under Italian-German occupation,
                             from Sep 1943, occupied only by Germany
                             (Croatia nominally independent).
17 Apr 1941 - 20 Oct 1944  Serbia and Banat occupied by Germany
                             (see Serbia).
29 Nov 1943                State reconstituted as Democratic Federative 
                             Yugoslavia as a federation of Serbia, Croatia,
                             Slovenia, Macedonia, Montenegro, and Bosnia and
                             Herzegovina by resolution of the Anti-Fascist
                             Council of the People's Liberation of Yugoslavia
                             while negotiations with royal government in
                             exile continued.
 5 Mar 1945                Accord with royal government.
29 Nov 1945                Federal People's Republic of Yugoslavia.
 7 Apr 1963                Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
25 Jun 1991                Independence of Slovenia and Croatia.
18 Sep 1991                Independence of Macedonia.
29 Feb 1992                Independence of Bosnia-Hercegovina.
27 Apr 1992                Federal Republic of Yugoslavia established
                            (consisting only of Serbia and Montenegro
                             following secession of the other four
                             constituent republics).
12 Jun 1999                Kosovo under foreign occupation and UN protection
 4 Feb 2003                Replaced by Serbia and Montenegro (a loose
                             confederation); in some official use: State Union
                             of Serbia and Montenegro.
 3 Jun 2006                Montenegro declares independence; Serbia
                             declares its own independence on 5 Jun 2006,
                             marking a final end to the union.

Resistance
to occupation

(1941-1945)
Serbia
Kosovo
Vojvodina
Serbian Orthodox
Church
Historical Maps
of Yugoslavia
Ethnic Map of
Former Yugoslavia

Yugoslavia (1918-2003) 
 
Map of Yugoslavia
(to 1991)
Hear National Anthem
"Hej, Sloveni"
(Hey, Slavs)
Adopted 2 Dec 1945
(temporary to 25 Nov 1988)

Former National Anthem
title 1919-1929: "Himna Srba, Hrvata, i Slovenca" (Hymn of the Serbs, Croats and Slovenes);
title 1929-1945: "Himna
Kraljevine Jugoslavije"
 (National Anthem of the
 Kingdom of Yugoslavia)
(1919-29 Nov 1945)
Constitution
  (27 Apr 1992) 
-----------------------------
Former Constitutions
(28 Jun 1921-1931
3 Sep 1931-1941;

1946-1963; 1963-1974;
21 Feb 1974-1992 in Serbian)
Capital: Belgrade
Currency: Yugoslav
Dinar (YUD);
New Yugoslav Dinar (YUG)
(1 Jan 1994- 4 Feb 2003)
National Holiday 1992 -2003:
 
27 Apr (1992)
Dan Ustavnosti
(Constitution Day)
-------------------------------------

1945-1992: 29 Nov (1943)
Dan Republike
(Day of the Republic)
Population: 23,976,040 (1991)
GNP: $120.1 billion (1990)
Exports: $13.3 billion (1990)
Imports: $17.6 billion (1990)
Ethnic groups: Serb 36.3%, Croat 19.7%, Muslim 8.9%,
Slovene 7.8%, Albanian 7.7%, Macedonian 5.9%, Yugoslav 
5.4%, Montenegrin 2.5%, Hungarian 1.9%, other 3.9% (1981)
Total Armed Forces: 180,000 (1990)
Merchant marine: 277 ships (1990)
Religions: Eastern Orthodox 50%, Roman Catholic 30%,
Muslim 9%, Protestant 1%, other 10% (1990)
International Organizations/Treaties 1918-2003: AfDB, AG (observer), BIS, BTWC, BWC, CCC, CERN (1954-1961), Comecon  (associate), CSCE, CTBT (signatory), CWC, DC, EBRD, ESCR, Eutelsat, FAO, G-9, G-19, G-24, G-77, GATT, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICSID, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, IOM (observer), IPU, ISA, ISO, ITU, LORCS, NAM, NPT, OECD (observer to 7 Jul 1992), OPCW, OSCE, PCA, SECP, UN, UNCTAD, UNCLOS, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UIBPIP, UPU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO

Secretary-general of the Yugoslav Communist Party (KPJ)
(from 7 Nov 1952, League of Communists [SKJ])
Aug 1937 - 13 Aug 1964     Josip Broz Tito                     (b. 1892 - d. 1980)
Presidents of the Presidium of the League Yugoslav of Communists
13 Aug 1964 -  4 May 1980  Josip Broz Tito                     (s.a.)
19 Oct 1978 - 23 Oct 1979  Branko Mikulic                      (b. 1928 - d. 1995)
                             (acting for Tito)
23 Oct 1979 - 20 Oct 1980  Stevan Doronjski                    (b. 1919 - d. 1981)
                             (acting for Tito to 4 May 1980)
20 Oct 1980 - 20 Oct 1981  Lazar Mojsov                        (b. 1920 - d. 2011)
20 Oct 1981 - 29 Jun 1982  Dusan Dragosavac                    (b. 1919)
29 Jun 1982 - 30 Jun 1983  Mitja Ribicic                       (b. 1919 - d. 2013)
30 Jun 1983 - 26 Jun 1984  Dragoslav Markovic                  (b. 1920 - d. 2005)
26 Jun 1984 - 25 Jun 1985  Ali Sukrija                         (b. 1919 - d. 2005)
25 Jun 1985 - 28 Jun 1986  Vidoje Zarkovic                     (b. 1927 - d. 2000)
28 Jun 1986 - 30 Jun 1987  Milanko Renovica                    (b. 1928 - d. 2013)
30 Jun 1987 - 30 Jun 1988  Bosko Krunic                        (b. 1929)
30 Jun 1988 - 17 May 1989  Stipe Suvar                         (b. 1936 - d. 2004)
17 May 1989 - 17 May 1990  Milan Pancevski                     (b. 1935)
17 May 1990 - 26 May 1990  Miomir Grbovic (acting)

Kingsą
 1 Dec 1918 - 16 Aug 1921  Petar I (Peter I)                   (b. 1844 - d. 1921)
 1 Dec 1918 - 16 Aug 1921  Prince Aleksandar                   (b. 1888 - d. 1934)
                             Karadjordjevic -Regent
16 Aug 1921 -  9 Oct 1934  Aleksandar I (Alexander I)          (s.a.)
16 Aug 1921 - 1921         Nikola Pasic -Regent                (b. 1845 - d. 1926) 
 9 Oct 1934 - 29 Nov 1945  Petar II (Peter II)                 (b. 1923 - d. 1970)
                             (in London [Oct 1943 - Mar 1944, Cairo] exile
                             from 13/14 Apr 1941
)
 9 Oct 1934 - 11 Oct 1934  Nikola T. Uzunovic -Regent          (b. 1873 - d. 1954)  JNS
11 Oct 1934 - 27 Mar 1941  Provisional Regency
                           - Prince Pavle Karadjordjevic       (b. 1893 - d. 1976)  
                              (from Dec 1940, self-styled Vozd [Leader])
                           - Radenko Stankovic                 (b. 1880 - d. 1956)
                           - Ivo N. Perovic                    (b. 1881 - d. 1958)
 5 Mar 1945 - 29 Nov 1945  Provisional Regency
                           - Srdjan "Sasha" Budisavljevic      (b. 1883 - d. 1968)
                           - Dusan Sernec                      (b. 1882 - d. 1952)
                           - Ante Mandic                       (b. 1881 - d. 1959)
Chairman of the Anti-Fascist Council of National Liberation of Yugoslavia
26 Nov 1942 -  4 Dec 1943  Ivan Ribar                          (b. 1881 - d. 1968)  KPJ
                             (in opposition to royal government in exile) 
Chairman of the Presidium of the Provisional People's Assembly
 4 Dec 1943 -  5 Mar 1945  Ivan Ribar                          (s.a.)               KPJ
Presidents of the Constituent Assembly 
29 Nov 1945 - 30 Nov 1945  Vladimir Simic (acting)             (b. 1894 - d. 1974)  KPJ
 1 Dec 1945                Josip Vidmar (acting)               (b. 1895 - d. 1992)  KPJ
 1 Dec 1945 - 31 Jan 1946  Ivan Ribar                          (s.a.)               KPJ
Chairman of the Presidium of the National Assembly
31 Jan 1946 - 14 Jan 1953  Ivan Ribar                          (s.a.)             KPJ;1952 SKJ
President
14 Jan 1953 -  4 May 1980  Josip Broz Tito                     (s.a.)               SKJ
Presidents of the Collective Presidency
 4 May 1980 - 15 May 1980  Lazar Kolisevski                    (b. 1914 - d. 2000)  SKJ
15 May 1980 - 16 May 1981  Cvijetin Mijatovic                  (b. 1913 - d. 1993)  SKJ
16 May 1981 - 16 May 1982  Sergej Kraigher                     (b. 1914 - d. 2001)  SKJ
16 May 1982 - 16 May 1983  Petar Stambolic                     (b. 1912 - d. 2007)  SKJ
16 May 1983 - 16 May 1984  Mika Spiljak                        (b. 1916 - d. 2007)  SKJ
16 May 1984 - 16 May 1985  Veselin Djuranovic                  (b. 1925 - d. 1997)  SKJ
16 May 1985 - 16 May 1986  Radovan Vlajkovic                   (b. 1922 - d. 2001)  SKJ
16 May 1986 - 16 May 1987  Sinan Hasani                        (b. 1922 - d. 2010)  SKJ
16 May 1987 - 16 May 1988  Lazar Mojsov                        (s.a.)               SKJ
16 May 1988 - 16 May 1989  Raif Dizdarevic                     (b. 1926)            SKJ
16 May 1989 - 16 May 1990  Janez Drnovsek                      (b. 1950 - d. 2008)  SKJ
16 May 1990 - 16 May 1991  Borisav Jovic                       (b. 1928)            SPS
16 May 1991 -  1 Jul 1991  Vacant˛
 1 Jul 1991 -  5 Dec 1991  Stjepan "Stipe" Mesic3              (b. 1934)            HDZ
 5 Dec 1991 - 15 Jun 1992  Branko Kostic (acting)              (b. 1939)            DPS
Presidents
15 Jun 1992 -  1 Jun 1993  Dobrica Cosic                       (b. 1921)            Non-party
 1 Jun 1993 - 25 Jun 1993  Milos Radulovic (acting)            (b. 1929)            DPS
25 Jun 1993 - 25 Jun 1997  Zoran Lilic                         (b. 1953)            SPS
25 Jun 1997 - 23 Jul 1997  Srdja Bozovic (acting)              (b. 1955)            DPS
23 Jul 1997 -  7 Oct 2000  Slobodan Milosevic                  (b. 1941 - d. 2006)  SPS
 7 Oct 2000 -  7 Mar 2003  Vojislav Kostunica                  (b. 1944)            DSS+DOS 
 7 Mar 2003 -  4 Jun 2006  Svetozar Marovic                    (b. 1955)            DPS
 
Prime ministers
 1 Dec 1918 - 22 Dec 1918  Nikola Pasic (1st time)             (s.a.)               SNRS
22 Dec 1918 - 16 Aug 1919  Stojan Protic (1st time)            (b. 1857 - d. 1923)  SNRS
16 Aug 1919 - 19 Feb 1920  Ljubomir Davidovic (1st time)       (b. 1863 - d. 1940)  DS
19 Feb 1920 - 16 May 1920  Stojan Protic (2nd time)            (s.a.)               SNRS
16 May 1920 -  1 Jan 1921  Milenko Vesnic                      (b. 1863 - d. 1921)  SNRS
 1 Jan 1921 - 28 Jul 1924  Nikola Pasic (2nd time)             (s.a.)               SNRS
28 Jul 1924 -  6 Nov 1924  Ljubomir Davidovic (2nd time)       (s.a.)               DS
 6 Nov 1924 -  8 Apr 1926  Nikola Pasic (3rd time)             (s.a.)               SNRS
 8 Apr 1926 - 17 Apr 1927  Nikola Uzunovic (1st time)          (s.a.)               SNRS
17 Apr 1927 - 28 Jul 1928  Velimir Vukicevic                   (b. 1871 - d. 1930)  SNRS
28 Jul 1928 -  7 Jan 1929  Antun Korosec                       (b. 1872 - d. 1940)  SLS 
 7 Jan 1929 -  4 Apr 1932  Petar Zivkovic                      (b. 1879 - d. 1953)  JRSD
 4 Apr 1932 -  6 Jul 1932  Vojislav Marinkovic                 (b. 1876 - d. 1935)DS;1932 JRSD
 6 Jul 1932 - 27 Jan 1934  Milan Srskic                        (b. 1880 - d. 1937)  JRSD
27 Jan 1934 - 20 Dec 1934  Nikola Uzunovic (2nd time)          (s.a.)            JRSD;1934 JNS
20 Dec 1934 - 24 Jun 1935  Bogoljub Jevtic                     (b. 1886 - d. 1960)JNS;1935 JRZ
24 Jun 1935 -  5 Feb 1939  Milan Stojadinovic                  (b. 1888 - d. 1961)  JRZ
 5 Feb 1939 - 27 Mar 1941  Dragisa Cvetkovic                   (b. 1893 - d. 1969)  JRZ
27 Mar 1941 - 11 Jan 1942  Dusan T. Simovic                    (b. 1882 - d. 1962)  Mil
                             (in Greece 15-28 Apr 1941, Palestine 28 Apr - Jun 1941,
                             and from Jun 1941 London exile)
11 Jan 1942 - 26 Jun 1943  Slobodan Jovanovic                  (b. 1869 - d. 1958)  Non-party
                             (in exile in London)
26 Jun 1943 - 10 Aug 1943  Milos Trifunovic                    (b. 1871 - d. 1957)  SNRS
                             (in London exile)
10 Aug 1943 -  1 Jun 1944  Bozidar Puric                       (b. 1891 - d. 1977)  Non-party
                             (in London [Cairo Sep 1943 - Mar 1944] exile)
 1 Jun 1944 -  7 Mar 1945  Ivan Subasic                        (b. 1892 - d. 1955)  HSS
                             (in exile in London)
Chairmen of the Executive Council of the Anti-Fascist Council of
National Liberation of Yugoslavia
26 Oct 1942 - 30 Nov 1943  Ivan Ribar                          (s.a.)               KPJ
                             (in opposition to royal government in exile)
30 Nov 1943 -  7 Mar 1945  Josip Broz Tito                     (s.a.)               KPJ
                             (in opposition to royal government in exile)
Prime minister
 7 Mar 1945 - 14 Jan 1953  Josip Broz Tito                     (s.a.)             KPJ;1952 SKJ
Presidents of the Federal Executive Council (Premiers)
14 Jan 1953 - 29 Jun 1963  Josip Broz Tito                     (s.a.)               SKJ
29 Jun 1963 - 16 May 1967  Petar Stambolic                     (s.a.)               SKJ
16 May 1967 - 18 May 1969  Mika Spiljak                        (s.a.)               SKJ
18 May 1969 - 30 Jul 1971  Mitja Ribicic                       (s.a.)               SKJ
30 Jul 1971 - 15 Mar 1977  Dzemal Bijedic                      (b. 1917 - d. 1977)  SKJ
15 Mar 1977 - 16 May 1982  Veselin Djuranovic                  (s.a.)               SKJ
16 May 1982 - 15 May 1986  Milka Planinc (f)                   (b. 1924 - d. 2010)  SKJ
15 May 1986 - 16 Mar 1989  Branko Mikulic                      (s.a.)               SKJ
16 Mar 1989 - 20 Dec 1991  Ante Markovic                       (b. 1924 - d. 2011) SKJ;1990 RS
20 Dec 1991 - 14 Jul 1992  Aleksandar Mitrovic (acting)        (b. 1933 - d. 2012)  SPS
Prime ministers4
14 Jul 1992 -  9 Feb 1993  Milan Panic                         (b. 1929)            Non-party
 9 Feb 1993 - 19 May 1998  Radoje Kontic                       (b. 1937)            DPS
19 May 1998 -  4 Nov 2000  Momir Bulatovic                     (b. 1956)            SNPCG
 4 Nov 2000 - 24 Jul 2001  Zoran Zizic                         (b. 1951 - d. 2013)  SNPCG 
24 Jul 2001 - 17 Mar 2003  Dragisa Pesic                       (b. 1954)            SNPGC
 
Yugoslav Royalist ("Chetnik") Resistance

[state Flag of Yugoslavia]

Commander in Chief of the Royal Yugoslav Army of the Interior
Apr 1941 - 1944            Dragojub-Draza M. Mihailovic        (b. 1893 - d. 1946)  Mil

Yugoslav Communist Resistance

[Yugoslavia Communist
                Partisan flag 1941-1945]

Chairman of the General Staff of the People's Partisan Detachments
 4 Jul 1941 - 21 Dec 1945  Josip Broz Tito                     (s.a.)               Mil/KPJ

 ąFull style of the ruler:
(a) 1 Dec 1918 (New Style) - 4 Oct 1929: Po milosti Bozjoj i volji narodnoj Kralj Srba,
Hrvata i Slovenaca ("by the Grace of God and will of the people, King of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes");
(b) 4 Oct 1929 - 29 Nov 1945: Po milosti Bozjoj i volji narodnoj Kralj Jugoslavije ("by the Grace of God and will of the people, King of Yugoslavia").

  ˛members of the Presidency during this interval were Borisav Jovic (s.a.); Stipe Mesic
(s.a.); Momir Bulatovic (s.a.)(to 16 May 1991); Branko Kostic (s.a.)(from 16 May 1991); Jugoslav Kostic (b. 1939); Vukasin Jokanovic (b. 1939)(to 16 May 1991); Sejdo Bajramovic 
(b. 1927 - d. 1993)(from 16 May 1991); Vasil Tupurkovski (b. 1951); Bogic Bogicevic (b. 1953); and Janez Drnovsek (s.a.). On 17 May 1991, Bajramovic was elected Coordinator of the Presidency.

 łclaims the assumption of the presidency on 20 May 1991, retroactively effective from 16 May 1991. Representation of Croatia by Mesic (s.a.) in the presidency formally terminated by the resolution of the Croatian parliament of 5 Dec 1991 (retroactively effective from 8 Oct 1991).

 4the government of the Republic of Montenegro did not recognize the federal Prime ministers
19 May 1998 - 4 Feb 2003.

Territorial Disputes (2001-2006): Kosovo remains unresolved and administered by several thousand peacekeepers from the UN Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo (UNMIK) since 1999, with Kosovar Albanians overwhelmingly supporting and Serbian officials opposing Kosovo independence; the international community had agreed to begin a process to determine final status but contingency of solidifying multi-ethnic democracy in Kosovo has not been satisfied; ethnic Albanians in Kosovo refuse demarcation of the boundary with Macedonia in accordance with the 2000 Macedonia-Serbia and Montenegro delimitation agreement; Serbia and Montenegro have delimited about half of the boundary with Bosnia and Herzegovina, but sections along the Drina River remain in dispute. 

Former Yugoslavia Territorial Disputes: Kosovo question with Albania; until 1993, Macedonia question with Bulgaria and Greece.

Party abbreviations: DPS = Demokratska Partija Socijalista Crne Gore (Democratic Party of Socialists of Montenegro, social democratic, est.1991); DSS = Demokratska Stranka Srbije (Democratic Party of Serbia, conservative, founded by splinters of DS on 26 Jul 1992); JUL = Jugoslovenska Levica (Yugoslav Left, communist, 23 Jul 1994-2003); SNPCG = Socijalisticka Narodna Partija Crne Gore (Socialist People's Party of Montenegro, center-left, social democratic, Serbia - Montenegro unionist, est.21 Mar 1998); SPS = Socijalisticka Partija Srbije (Socialist Party of Serbia, socialist, authoritarian 1990-2000, former SKS, est.27 Jul 1990); Mil = Military;
- Former parties: DOS = Demokratska Opozicija Srbije (Democratic Opposition of Serbia, wide alliance of democratic political parties, anti-SPS and anti-Slobodan Milosevic, 2000-17 Nov 2003); DS = Demokratska Stranka (Democratic Party, centrist 1919-1945, social democratic, re-est.3 Feb 1990); HSS = Hrvatska Seljacka Stranka (Croatian People's Party, agrarian, christian democratic, 1904-1929, re-est.1989); HDZ = Hrvatska Demokratska Zajednica (Croatian Democratic Union, Croatian nationalist, conservative, est.1989); JNS = Jugoslovenska Nacionalna Stranka (Yugoslav National Party, regime party 1933-1935, former JRSD, 1933-1941); JRSD = Jugoslovenska Radikalno-Seljacka Demokratija (Yugoslav Radical Peasants' Democracy, regime party, May 1932-Jun 1933, renamed JNS); JRZ = Jugoslovenska Radikalna Zajednica (Yugoslav Radical Union, fascist, regime party, 1934-1939); KPJ = Komunisticka Partija Jugoslavije (Communist Party of Yugoslavia, authoritarian, Communist, 1920-1952, then SKJ); ND = Nova Demokratija (New Democracy, liberal, split from SPS, 1990-1998, merged into DSS); SKJ = Savez Komunista Jugoslavije (League of Yugoslav Communists, communist, authoritarian, former KPJ, 1952-1990); SLS = Slovenska Ljudska Stranka (Slovenian People's Party, center-right, est.1988); SNRS = Srpska Narodna Radikalna Stranka (Serbian People's Radical Party, 1918-1935)


Republics of Yugoslavia 1945-1990

For the individual Socialist Republics of Yugoslaiva from 1945 to 1990 please see the listings under, the 
individual countries:


Kosovo: see separate Kosovo page

Vojvodina
 
[Hungarian
                            minority in Vojvodina]
                     1947 - 1 Jul 1989 Unofficial
                Hungarian Ethnical Community flag
 
[Flag of
                            Vojvodina]
                      Adopted 27 Feb 2004
 
 
Map of Vojvodina
Capital: Novi Sad
Population: 1,916,889 (2011)

27 Jul 1526                Part of Ottoman Empire.
1689                       Austrian rule (Banat Military Frontier).
 2 Nov 1716                Part of Banat of Temes [Temesch])(see Banat under Romania).
1751                       Civil administration for the northern part of the province.
15 Apr 1807 - 25 Apr 1807  Rebellion.
13 May 1848 - 21 Oct 1848  Rebellion.
 4 Mar 1849                Austrian Crown Land of Vojvodina of Serbia (Wojwodschaft Serbien).
18 Nov 1849                Vojvodina given autonomy within the Austrian Empire as 
                             Governorate of Temesch and Serbian Vojvodina. 
27 Dec 1860                Autonomy abolished, incorporation into Hungary.
21 Dec 1867                Part of the "Hungarian" half of the Austro-Hungarian
                             Monarchy (i.e. of the "Lands of the Holy Hungarian
                             Crown").
 
8 Aug 1873                Banatian Military Frontier (Banat Krajina) is dis-established.
13 Nov 1918                Novi Sad occupied by Serbian and French forces.
24 Nov 1918                Vojvodina (Banat, Backa and Baranja) part of Serbia
25 Nov 1918 - 11 Mar 1919  People's Administration for Banat, Backa and Baranja
 1 Dec 1918                Vojvodina (as part of Serbia) officially becomes part of the
                             Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes.
11 Mar 1919                Provincial autonomy abolished.
 4 Jun 1920                Subotica region incorporated as result of Treaty of Trianon.
 4 Oct 1929 - Apr 1941     Part of Banovina of Dunav.
11/14 Apr 1941-23 Oct 1944 Occupied by Axis powers and partitioned (Srem part of
                             Croatia; Banat nominally under Serbian government
                             but under German administration; Baranja and Backa
                             occupied by Hungary and annexed on 27 Dec 1941,
                             Baranja became part of Hungarian province of Baranja
                             and Backa which was divided in three zupanijas (counties):
                             Bács-Bodros, Szabadka [Subotica] and Újvidéki [Novi Sad]).
23 Oct 1944                Re-incorporated into Yugoslavia (Banat, Backa and Baranja under
                             military administration 17 Oct 1944 - 27 Jan 1945).
 1 Sep 1945                Autonomous Province of Vojvodina.
 7 Apr 1963                Socialist Autonomous Province of Vojvodina
 5 Jul 1989                Serbia revokes autonomy.
28 Sep 1990                Autonomous Province of Vojvodina.



Secretaries of the Central Committee of the Communist Party
(from 1952, League of Communists)
1943                       Isa Jovanovic                      (b. 1906 - d. 1983)
1943 - 1946                Jovan Veselinov                    (b. 1907 - d. 1982)
1946 - May 1951            Dobrivoje Vidic                    (b. 1918 - d. 1991)
May 1951 - 1966            Stevan Doronjski                   (b. 1919 - d. 1981)
1966 - 1969                Mirko Tepavac                      (b. 1922)
1969 - 24 Dec 1972         Mirko Canadanovic                  (b. 1936)
24 Dec 1972 - 28 Apr 1981  Dusan Alimpic                      (b. 1921 - d. 2002)
28 Apr 1981 - 28 Apr 1982  Bosko Krunic (1st time)            (b. 1929)
28 Apr 1982 - 28 Apr 1983  Marko Djuricin                     (b. 1925)
28 Apr 1983 - 28 Apr 1984  Slavko Veselinov                   (b. 1925)
28 Apr 1984 - 24 Apr 1985  Bosko Krunic (2nd time)            (s.a.)
24 Apr 1985 - 1988         Djordje Stojsic                    (b. 1928)
1988 -  6 Oct 1988         Milorad Sogorov
14 Nov 1988 - 20 Jan 1989  Bogosav Kovacevic                  (b. 1923)
20 Jan 1989 - 16 Jul 1990  Nedeljko Sipovac                   (b. 1942)

Vice Duke
1691 - 1706                Jovan Monasterlija                 (b. c.1650 - d. 1706)
Resistance leader (Ticanova buna)
15 Apr 1807 - 25 Apr 1807  Teodor Avramovic Tican             (b. 1764 - d. 1809)
Chairman of the General Council of the May Assembly
13 May 1848 - 21 Oct 1848  Djorje Stratimirovic               (b. 1823 - d. 1908) 
Dukes (vojvoda)
13 May 1848 - 27 Dec 1848  Stevan Supljikac (in rebellion)    (b. 1786 - d. 1848)
1848 - 11 Nov 1918         the rulers of Austria
President of the General Council
1848 - 1849                Josif Rajacic                      (b. 1785 - d. 1865)
Administrator
1851 - 1860                Alexander Bach                     (b. 1813 - d. 1893)
Prefects
1849 - 1851                Ferdinand Mayerhofer               (b. 1798 - d. 1869)
1851 - 1859                Johann Graf Coronini               (b. 1794 - d. 1880)
1859 - 1860                Josif Sokcevic                     (b. 1811 - d. 1896)
1860                       Karl August von Bigot de           (b. 1805 - d. 1884)
                             Saint-Quentin
President of the Great National Assemby and President of
the People's Administration for Banat, Backa and Baranja
24 Nov 1918 - 11 Mar 1919  Jovan Lalosevic                    (b. 1870 - d. 1935) 
Bans of Dunav
 9 Oct 1929 -  6 Jan 1930  Daka Popovic                       (b. 1886 - d. 1967)
17 Jan 1930 - 1930         Radoslav Dunjic                    (b. 1871 - d. 1948) 
1930 -  2 May 1931         Svetomir L. Matic                  (b. 1870 - d. 1931) 
11 May 1931 - 1933         Milan Nikolic                      (b. 1877 - d. 1943)
1933 - 1935                Dobrica Matkovic                   (b. 1887 - d. 1973) 
1935                       Milojko Vasovic                    (b. 1885 - d. 1981) 
12 Sep 1935 - 20 Aug 1936  Svetislav Paunovic
20 Aug 1936 - 1939         Svetislav Rajic (acting to 1938)   (b. 1889 - d. 1941)
1939 - 1940                Jovan I. Radiojevic                (b. 1884 - d. 1946)
1940 -  1 Apr 1941         Branko Kijurina                    (b. 1891 - d. 19..) 
 1 Apr 1941 - 14 Apr 1941  Milorad Vlaskalin                  (b. 1890 - d. 1984)
Führer of the German Community (in Banat)
(Führer der deutschen Volksgruppe für das Banat und Serbien)
1941 - 23 Oct 1944         Janko Sepp                         (b. 1905 - d. 2001)
German Civilian Commissioner of Banat
(regierungspräsident im Banat)
Apr 1941 -  1 Oct 1944     Josef Lapp                         (b. 1910 - d. ....) 
Commanders of Hungarian Third Army (in Backa)
11 Apr 1941 -  1 Nov 1941  Elemér Gorondy-Novák               (b. 1885 - d. 1954)
 1 Nov 1941 - 27 Dec 1941  Zoltán Decleva                     (b. 1887 - d. 1950)
Great Zupan of Újvidéki (Novi Sad)
1942 - 22 Oct 1944         Péter Fernbach 
Great Zupan of Szabadka (
Subotica)
19 Jan 1942 - 10 Oct 1944  Ándor Reök                         (b. 1899 - d. 1944) 
Great Zupans of Bács-Bodrog
1942 - 1944                Leó Deák (arrested 19 Mar 1944)    (b. 1888 - d. 1945) 
24 May 1944 - 23 Oct 1944  József Piukovics (acting)
Head of the Yugoslav Military Administration for Banat, Backa and Baranja
17 Oct 1944 - 27 Jan 1945  Ivan Rukavina                      (b. 1912 – d. 1992)  Mil
President of the People's Defense Committee
Nov 1943 - 1944            Nikola Grulovic                    (b. 1888 - d. 1959)  KPV
President of the Supreme People's Defence Committee
1944 - Jul 1947            Jovan Veselinov                    (s.a.)               KPV
President of the Supreme Executive Committee
Jul 1947 - Apr 1953        Luka Mrksic                        (b. 1899 - d. 1976) KPV;1952 SKV
Presidents of the People's Assembly
Apr 1953 - Dec 1953        Luka Mrksic                        (s.a.)               SKV
Dec 1953 - 18 Jul 1963     Stevan Doronjski                   (s.a.)               SKV
18 Jul 1963 - 20 Apr 1967  Radovan Vlajkovic                  (b. 1922 - d. 2001)  SKV
20 Apr 1967 -  5 Jun 1973  Ilija Rajacic                      (b. 1923 - d. 2005)  SKV
 5 Jun 1973 - Nov 1974     Sreten "Sreta" Kovacevic           (b. 1920)            SKV
Presidents of the Presidency
Nov 1974 - Nov 1981        Radovan Vlajkovic                  (s.a.)               SKV
Nov 1981 - May 1982        Predrag Vladisavljevic (1st time)  (b. 1919)            SKV
May 1982 - May 1983        Danilo Kekic                       (b. 1918)            SKV
May 1983 -  4 May 1984     Djordje Radosavljevic (1st time)   (b. 1921)            SKV
 4 May 1984 -  7 May 1985  Nandor Major (1st time)            (b. 1931)            SKV
 7 May 1985 - May 1986     Predrag Vladisavljevic (2nd time)  (s.a.)               SKV
May 1986 - May 1988        Djordje Radosavljevic (2nd time)   (s.a.)               SKV
May 1988 - May 1989        Nandor Major (2nd time)            (s.a.)               SKV
May 1989 - Jan 1991        Jugoslav Kostic                    (b. 1939)           SKV;1990 SPS
Presidents of the Assembly
Jan 1991 - 1991            Verona Adam Bokros (f)             (b. 1948)            SPS
1991 - 1992                Damnjan Radenkovic                 (b. 1939)            SPS
1992 - 1993                Svetislav Krstic                   (b. 1955)            SPS
1993 -  9 Jan 1997         Milutin Stojkovic                  (b. 1942)            SPS
 9 Jan 1997 - 23 Oct 2000  Zivorad Smiljanic                  (b. 1942)            SPS
23 Oct 2000 - 30 Oct 2004  Nenad Canak                        (b. 1959)            LSV
30 Oct 2004 - 16 Jul 2008  Bojan Kostres                      (b. 1974)            LSV
16 Jul 2008 - 22 Jun 2012  Sándor Egeresi                     (b. 1964)            VMS-SVM
22 Jun 2012 -              István Pástor                      (b. 1956)            VMS-SVM

President of the Great People's Council 
24 Nov 1918 - 11 Mar 1919  Slavko Miletic                     (b. 1869 - d. 1934)
Prime ministers
 9 Apr 1945 -  5 Sep 1948  Aleksandar Sevic                   (b. 1897 - d. 1975)  KPV
 5 Sep 1948 - 20 Mar 1953  Luka Mrksic                        (s.a.)               KPV
Chairmen of the Executive Council
20 Mar 1953 - Dec 1953     Stevan Doronjski                   (s.a.)               KPV
Dec 1953 - 22 Jul 1962     Geza Tikvicki                      (b. 1917 - d. 1999)  KPV
22 Jul 1962 - 18 Jul 1963  Djurica Jojkic                     (b. 1914 - d. 1981) KPV;1952 SKV
18 Jul 1963 - 20 Apr 1967  Ilija Rajacic                      (s.a.)               SKV
20 Apr 1967 - Oct 1971     Stipan Marusic                     (b. 1926 - d. 1974)  SKV
Oct 1971 -  6 May 1974     Franjo Nadj                        (b. 1923 - d. 1986)  SKV
 6 May 1974 -  5 May 1982  Nikola Kmezic                      (b. 1919 - d. 2009)  SKV
 5 May 1982 - May 1986     Zivan Marelj                       (b. 1938)            SKV
May 1986 - 24 Oct 1989     Jon Srbovan                        (b. 1930)            SKV
24 Oct 1989 - 1989         Sredoje Erdeljan                   (b. 1939 - d. 2011)  SKV
1989 - 1991                Jovan Radic                        (b. 1949)           SKV;1990 SPS
1991 - 23 Dec 1991         Radoman Bozovic                    (b. 1953)            SPS
23 Dec 1991 - Jul 1992     Jovan Radic                        (b. 1949)            SPS
Jul 1992 - Feb 1993        Koviljko Lovre                     (b. 1954)            SPS
Feb 1993 - 13 May 2000     Bosko Perosevic                    (b. 1956 - d. 2000)  SPS
13 May 2000 - 23 Oct 2000  Damnjan Radenkovic                 (s.a.)               SPS
                             (acting to 29 Jun 2000) 
23 Oct 2000 - 30 Oct 2004  Djordje Djukic                     (b. 1948)            DSS
30 Oct 2004 - 14 Dec 2009  Bojan Pajtic                       (b. 1970)            DSS
Chairman of the Government
14 Dec 2009 -              Bojan Pajtic                       (s.a.)               DSS

Party abbreviations: DSS = Demokratska Stranka Srbije (Democratic Party of Serbia, conservative, founded by splinters of DS on 26 Jul 1992); DZVM = Demokratska Zajednica Vojvodanskih Madara (Democratic Union of Vojvodina's Magyars, est.1990); LSV = Liga Socijaldemokrata Vojvodine (League of the Socialdemocrats of Vojvodina, member of DOS, est.14 Jul 1990); SPS = Socijalisticka Partija Srbije (Socialist Party of Serbia, democratic socialist, 1990-2000 authoritarian, former SKS, est.1990); VMS-SVM = Vajdasági Magyar Szövetsége/Savez Vojvodjanskih Madara (Alliance of Vojvodina Hungarians, minority, liberal-conservative, splinters of DZVM, est.1994);
- Former parties: KPV = Komunisticka Partija Vojvodine (Communist Party of Vojvodina, 1944-1952, renamed SKV); SKV = Savez Komunista Vojvodine (League of Communists of Vojvodina, 1952-1990)







© Ben Cahoon