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Ethiopian Border States


Note: These are states that were independent or under Ethiopian suzerainty before being incorporated into the Ethiopian Empire. They are grouped as follows: (A) Walayta (Walayta, Bosha, Sheka); (B) Leqa (Leqa Naqamte, Leqa Qellam); (C) Giba States (Limu-'Enarya, Goma, Guma, Gera, Jima); (D) Janjero (Gimirra, Amarro, Janjero); (E) Kafa (Kafa, Konta, Dauro); 
(F) Yefat/Harar (Harar); (G) Walo; (H) the Afar sultanates of Awsa and Gobaad. Members of the elite in Ethiopia and some of the border states had, in addition to their common (and if Christian their baptismal)name a so-called "horse name" (yefaras sem). These are not listed in general, but in some cases these "horse names" are the principal (or only) names by which the rulers are known. This is indicated in specific cases.


Walayta

Walayta

c.1250                     Walayta state founded
c.1600                     Tegra`i dynasty founded.
Nov 1894                   Incorporated into Ethiopia.
1900                       Tegra`i dynasty extinguished.

Rulers (title Kawa)
.... - ....                Kote
.... - ....                Libana
.... - ....                Tube
.... - ....                Ogato
.... - ....                Damota
.... - 1890                Gobe
1890 - 1900                Tona Gaga 
                            (from Oct 1895, Tekle Haymanot)



Bosha

1567                       Bosha state founded.
1883                       Incorporated into Ethiopia.

Rulers (title Tato)
1690 - 1720                Leliso
1720 - 1740                Wako
1740 - 1760                Malko
1760 - 1780                Gabito
1780 - 1790                Chaso (usurper)
1790 - 1845                Dukamo
1845 - 1865                'Ogata
1865 - 1883                Dagoye



Sheka

1560                       Sheka state founded.
1898                       Incorporated into Ethiopia.

Rulers (title Tato)
1670 - 1740                Bedi Goechi
1740 - 1780                Giba Goechi
1780 - 1782                Tuge Nechochi
1782 - 1785                Tume Afochi
1785 - 1800                Shagi Nechochi
1800 - 1805                Bedi Nechochi
1805 - 1810                Techi Nechochi
1810 - 1820                ....
1820 - 1850                Galli Goechi
1850 - 1887                Deji Goechi
1887 - 1898                Techi Goechi



Leqa

Leqa Naqamte

bf.1871                    Leqa Naqamte state founded.
1882                       Incorporated into Shewa.

Rulers (title Moti)
.... - c.1871              Bakare Godana                        (b. 1801 - d. c.1871)
1871 - 1888/89             Moroda Bakare                        (b. 1844 - d. 1888/89)
1889 - 1923/24             Kumsa Moroda                         (b. 1870/71 - d. 1923/24)
                            (later called Gebre 'Egzi'abher)


Leqa Qellam

bf.1870                    Leqa Qellam state founded.
188.                       Incorporated into Shewa.

Ruler (title Moti)
.... - 188.                Jote Talu



Giba States

Limu-'Enarya

1450                       'Enarya state founded.
1800                       Limu-'Enarya state re-founded.
1891                       Incorporated into Ethiopia.

Rulers (title Moti)(horse names in parentheses)
.... - ....                Gaha Nechocho
.... - ....                Gawa Sherocho
.... - ....                Shisafocho
1750?                      Sacho Nechocho
.... - ....                Tekle Sachi
.... - ....                Garginocho
.... - ....                Shagi Nechocho
.... - ....                Chechi Nechocho
1800 - 1825                Bofo ('Aba Gomol)
1825 - 24 Sep 1861         Ibsa ('Aba Bagibo)
1861 - 1883                ('Aba Bulgu)
1883 - 1891                ('Aba Gomol)



Goma

c.1800                     Goma state founded.
1886                       Incorporated into Ethiopia.

Rulers (title Moti)(horse names)
.... - 1820                'Aba Boke
1820 - 1840                'Aba Mano
18.. - 1886                'Aba Boke



Guma

c.1800                     Guma state founded.
1902                       Incorporated into Ethiopia.

Rulers (title Moti)(horse names in parentheses)
.... - 1810                Jilcha
1810 - 1830                Oncho Jilcha
1830 - 1840                ....
1840 - 1854                Jawe Oncho
1854 - Jun 1879            ('Aba Dula)
Jun 1879 - 18..            ('Aba Jobir)
1899 - 1902                Firisa ('Aba Fogi)



Gera

c.1800                     Gera state founded.
af.1879                    Incorporated into Ethiopia.

Rulers (title Moti)(horse names in parentheses)
.... - ....                Gunji
.... - 182.                Tulu Gunji
182. - 1838                ('Aba Baso)
1838 - 1848                ('Aba Rago)
1848 - 186.                ('Aba Magal)
1879?                      .... (f)



Jima

c.1790                     Kaka Jima state founded.
1830                       State renamed Jima 'Aba Jifar after horse name of ruler.
1932                       Incorporated into Ethiopia.

Rulers (title Moti, later referred to as Sultan) (horse names in parentheses)
c.1790 - ....              ('Aba Faro)
.... - ....                ('Aba Magal)
.... - 1830                ('Aba Rago)
1830 - 1855                Sana ('Aba Jifar I)                  (d. 1855)
1855 - 1859                ('Aba Rebu)                          (d. 1859)
1859 - 1862                ('Aba Bok'a)                         (d. 1862)
1862 - 1878                ('Aba Gomol)                         (d. 1878)
1878 - 1932                Tulu ('Aba Jifar II)                 (b. 1861 - d. 1932)
                             (upon conversion Muhammad ibn Da´ud)
1932                       ('Aba Jobir 'Aba Dula)               (d. af.1960)
                             (re-installed by Italy 1936-1941)



Janjaro

Gimirra

....                       Chako state, known by Ethiopians as Gimirra, founded.
1955                       Dynasty extinguished.

Rulers (title Koynab)
.... - ....                Wurkenbe
.... - ....                Buzab
.... - ....                Zita
.... - ....                Tureta
.... - ....                Koyns
.... - ....                Duka
.... - 1955                Bangarsa



Amarro

....                       Amarro state re-founded by new dynasty.
189.                       Incorporated into Ethiopia.

Rulers
.... - ....                Woyra
.... - ....                Zikole
.... - ....                Woze
.... - ....                Wetsa
.... - ....                Gona
.... - ....                Abaya
.... - ....                Ala
.... - ....                Ano
.... - ....                Aynasu
.... - 189.                Amole



Janjero

af.1530                    Yengar or Yam state, known by Ethiopians as Janjaro,
                             re-founded by Mowa dynasty.
1894                       Incorporated into Ethiopia.

Rulers (title Tato or Amno)
.... - ....                Takibo
.... - ....                Dirgimo
.... - ....                Dalaso
.... - ....                Adilo
.... - ....                Awano
.... - ....                Koke
.... - ....                Zarmado
.... - ....                Dogamno
.... - 1894                Gosasso "'Aba Bogibo"



Kafa

Kafa

1390                       Kafa kingdom (Kafi Tatitino) founded.
1700                       Kafa empire (Kafi Ageto) proclaimed.
10 Sep 1897                Incorporated into Ethiopia.

Emperors (title Kafi Atio; the last three rulers were 
styled Atiojo, a semi-divine title)
1675 - 1710                Galli Ginocho
1710 - 1742                Gaki Gaocho
1742 - 1775                Galli Gaocho
1775 - 1795                Shagi Sherocho
1795 - 1798                Beshi Ginocho
1798 - 1821                Hoti Gaocho
1821 - 1845                Gaha Nechocho
1845 - 1854                Gawi Nechocho
1854 - Nov 1870            Kaye Sherocho
Nov 1870 - Apr 1890        Galli Sherocho
 6 Apr 1890 - 10 Sep 1897  Gaki Sherocho



Konta

1615                       Konta state founded.
1889                       Incorporated into Ethiopia.

Rulers (title Tato)
1615 - 1650                Kobe
1650 - 1685                Shella
1685 - 1720                Geserra
1720 - 1755                Fugga
1755 - 1790                Kaika
1790 - 1825                Shiko
1825 - 1860                Atsio
1860 - 1889                Sakalla



Dauro

bf.1645                    Dauro state founded.
1835                       New dynasty.
1889                       Incorporated into Ethiopia.

Rulers (title Tato)
1645 - 1680                Shalla
1680 - 1715                Mahedda
1715 - 1750                Adeto
1750 - 1785                Rashu
1785 - 1835                Hallala
1835 - 1875                Rashu Tagoje
1875 - 1878                Sana
1878 - 1881                Dado
1881 - 1889                Gansa 



Yefat/Harar

Harar

1531                       Harar is a successor state to Yefat.
1646                       Harar Emirate established.
11 Oct 1875 - 1885         Occupied by Egypt.
26 Jan 1887                Incorporated into Shewa.

Emirs
1647 - 1671                `Ali ibn Da`ud
1671 - 10 Feb 1700         `Abd Allah I ibn `Ali                (d. 1700)
1700 -  5 Nov 1721         Talha ibn `Abd Allah                 (d. 1721)
1721 -  1 Jun 1732         Abu Bakr I ibn `Abd Allah            (d. 1732) 
1732 - 14 Aug 1733         Khalaf ibn Abi Bakr                  (d. 1733)
1733 - 22 Feb 1747         Hamid ibn Abi Bakr                   (d. 1747)
1747 - 30 Dec 1755         Yusuf ibn Abi Bakr                   (d. 1755)
1755 - 16 Dec 1782         Ahmad I ibn Abi Bakr                 (d. 1782)
1782 - 31 May 1783         Muhammad ibn Yusuf                   (d. 1783)
1783 - 18 Nov 1794         `Abd al-Shakur ibn Yusuf             (d. 1794)
1794 - 15 Jan 1820         Ahmad II ibn Muhammad                (d. 1820)
1821 - 16 Jun 1825         `Abd ar-Rahman ibn Muhammad          (d. 1825)
1825 -  8 Jul 1834         `Abd al-Karim ibn Abi Bakr           (d. 1834)
1834 - 22 Mar 1852         Abu Bakr II ibn `Abd al-Munan        (d. 1852)
1852 - 1866                Ahmad III ibn Abi Bakr
30 Aug 1856 - 11 Oct 1875  Muhammad ibn `Ali `Abd ash-Shakur    (d. 1875)
Egyptian governors
Oct 1875 - 1878            Muhammad Ra'uf Pasha                 (b. 1832 - d. c.1888)
1878 - 1880                Raduan Pasha
1880 - Dec 1882            Muhammad Nadi Pasha                  (b. 1836 - d. ....) 
Dec 1882 - 1885            Rida Pasha 
Emir
May 1885 - 26 Jan 1887     `Abd Allah II ibn `Ali `Abd
                             ash-Shakur                         (b. 18.. - d. 1930)



Walo (Wallo)

c.1760                     Walo state re-founded by Mamadoch dynasty.
1896                       Incorporated into Ethiopia.

Chiefs
.... - 1784                Muhammad `Ali
.... - 1825                'Aba Jeru Liban (horse name)
1855?- 1865                `Ali
1865 - 1868                'Amade `Ali
1868 - 1876                Warqito Mastawat (f) -Regent
1876 - 1878                Muhammad `Ali
Ras
1878 - 1896                Mika'el (Muhammad `Ali)



Afar Sultanate of Awsa

[Afar Sultanate of Awsa flag]

c.1557 - af.1672           Imamate of Awsa
1734                       Awsa sultanate founded.

192.                       Incorporated into Ethiopia.

 2 Jun 1975                Dynasty extinguished.

Sultans
1734 - 1749                Kedafu
1749 - 1779                Kedafu Muhammad ibn Kedafu
1779 - 1801                Ijdahis ibn Kedafu Muhammad
1801 - 1802                Ijdahis Muhammad ibn Ijdahis
1802 - 1862                Anfari ibn Ijdahis
1862 - 1902                Muhammad Illalta bin Anfari
1902 - 19..                Aydays Muhammad
May 1902 - Jul 1902        
`Ali Mirah (1st time)(in rebellion)
Jul 1902 - May 1903        Kedafu (in rebellion)
May 1903 - 1907            Hanfadé (in rebellion)
1907 - 1910                Alo (in rebellion)
19.. - 19..                `Ali Mirah (2nd time)
19.. - 19..                Anfari
1927 - Dec 1944            Muhammad bin Yayu
1945 -  2 Jun 1975         `Ali Mirah Anfari                   (b. 1922 - d. 2011)
                             (in Saudi Arabia exile 1975-1991)



Gobaad

....                       Gobaad (Goba'ad) sultanate
.... - ....                Tributary to Awsa.
1938                       Sultanate abolished.

Sultans

.... - ....                Arbahim
.... - ....                .... (brother of Arbahim)
1830 - 1863                Looyta
1863 - 1864                Husen
1864 - 1902                Hummad bin Looyta
1902 - 31 Jul 1903         Hamad Lade
1903 - 1905                Kadda Looyta
1905 - 1938                Unda Looyta
1938 - 11 Oct 1938         Mahammad
1939 - 1963                Hamad bin Kadda Looyta
1963 - ....                Mahammad Boko
.... -                     Hasan






© Ben Cahoon