Contributors Alphabetical Index Material Needed

Selected Sources

Below is a selected listing of the books, magazines, encyclopedias, dictionaries, websites, and individuals that have been consulted in researching

Abbey, Philip. Treaty Ports in China. html document, c.1998.

Abbott P. and Thomas N., Germany's Eastern Front Allies 1941 - 1945, London, 1982.

Acton, Harold. The Bourbons of Naples (1734-1825). Methuen and Co. Ltd., London, 1957.

Adams, Jan. Christmas Island: early years 1888-1958. Chapman, Canberra, 1993.

Alaska Almanac Facts About Alaska, 26th Ed. Alaska Northwest Books, Anchorage, 2002. 

Albany Institute and Historical and Art Society, Albany Chronicles: A History of the City Arranged Chronologically, from the Earliest Settlement to the Present Time; Illustrated with Many Historical Pictures of Rarity and Reproductions of the Robert C. Pruyn Collection of the Mayors of Albany. J. B. Lyon Company, Albany, NY, 1906.

Alessandrini, Antonio. Numismática Globus C.A.

Allworth, Edward. Central Asia, 3rd ed., Duke University Press, Durhan, NC, 1994.

Almada Negreiros, José de. Historia ethnographica da ilha de S. Thome. Bastos, 1895.

Almanach Bruxelles, Html document, 1996.

Ammentorp, Steen.  The Generals of World War II. html document, 2000.

Andersons, Edgars. Senie kurzemnieki Amerika un Tobago kolonizacija. Stockholm, Daugava, 1970.

Anscombe, Frederick F..  The Ottoman Gulf: The Creation of Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, and Qatar. Columbia University Press, NY, 1997. 

Anthony, John Duke. Historical and Cultural Dictionary of the Sultanate of Oman and the Emirates of Eastern Arabia.  The Scarecrow Press Inc., Metuchen, NJ. 1976.

Arecchi, Alberto. Somalia e Benadir. Voci di un dramma infinito. Milan: Mimesis, 2001.

Aretz, Tilman.  The Greater China Factbook. 2002-2007

Artola, Miguel. Enciclopedia de Historia de España: Vol. VI Cronología, mapas, estadisticas.
Alianza, Madrid, 1993.

Avery, Peter (editor). Cambridge History of Iran vol. 1-7. Cambridge University Press, NY, 1991.

Bakewell, Peter. A History of Latin America.Blackwell Publishing, Malden, MA, 1998.

Barraclough, Geoffrey (editor). Harper Collins Atlas of World History. Harper Collins, NY, 1998.

Basgen, Brian  Marxists Internet Archive: Marxist History. Html document

Bell, William Gardner. Secretaries of War and Secretaries of the Army: Portraits and Biographical Sketches. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1982.

Bernard H., Histoire de la Résistance Européenne, Verviers, 1968.

Berthelot, Lilian. La Petite Mascareigne: aspects de l'histoire de Rodrigues. Centre Culturel Africain, Port- Louis, Mauritius, 2002.

Bidwell R., Bidwell’s Guide to Government Ministers, Volume I : The Major Powers and Western Europe 1900 - 1971, London/Portland, 1973.

Biographical Dictionary, Html document, 1998.

Bizzarro, Salvatore. Historical Dictionary of Chile 2nd Ed. Scarecrow Press, Metuchen, NJ, 1987.

Bloch, Jørgen. Stiftamtmænd og amtmænd i kongeriget Danmark og Island 1660-1848, Denmark, 1895.

Boatner, Mark M. III. The Biographical Dictionary of World War II.  Presidio Press, Novato, CA, 1999.

Boniver, François. Les Armoiries des Princes Evêques de Liège.  Liège : Ed. Bénard et Centrale réunies, 1958.

Borgnet, Adolphe. Histoire de la Révolution liégeoise de 1789 (1785 à 1795). Bruxelles : Ed. Culture et civilisation, 1973, 2 vol. (reprod. anastaltique de l'éd. Liège : L. De Thier et F. Lovinfosse, 1865).

Borke, Albert and Maier, George (editors). Historical Dictionary of Ecuador. Scarecrow Press Inc., Metuchen, NJ,  1973.

Boxer, Charles. Fort Jesus and the Portuguese in Mombasa 1593-1729: Centro de Estudos Históricos Ultramarinos, Lisbon, Portugal, 1960.

Brentnall, Mark. The Princely and Noble Families of the Former Indian Empire, Volume 1: Himachal Pradesh. Indus Publishing Company, New Delhi, India, 2004.

Brine, Jenny. COMECON The Rise and Fall of and International Socialist Organization. Transaction Publishers, 1992

Brooks-Shepherd, Gordon. The Austrians: A Thousand Year Odyssey. Carrol and Graf Publications Inc., NY, 1996.

Buchs, E. Bradford. A History of Brazil 2nd Ed. Columbia University Press, NY, 1980.

Buckland, C.E. Dictionary of Indian Biography.  Swan Sonnenschein & Co., London, UK. 1906.

Buhler, Konrad. State Succession and Membership in International Organizations. Kluwer Law International,
London, 2001

Burns, Sir Alan. History of the British West Indies.   George & Unwin Ltd., London, 1965.

Butler, David. British Political Facts 1900-1994 7th ed.  Saint Martin’s Press, NY 1994.

Buyers, Christopher. The Royal Ark. Html document, 2000.

Calvi, Emilio. Tavole Storiche dei Comuni Italiani, Parts 1, 2 & 3. Ermanno Loescher & Co., Rome, 1903.

Calvini, Nilo.  Il Prinicipato di Seborga: un millenio di storia. Imperia, Dominici, 1992. 

Cambridge University Press (editors). Cambridge Encyclopedia of India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bhutan, and the Maldives.  Cambridge Univ. Press, NY, 1989.

Camp, Roderic. Mexican Political Biographies, 1884-1934: First Edition. University of Texas Press, 1991.

Camp, Roderic. Mexican Political Biographies, 1935-1993: Third Edition. University of Texas Press, 1995.

Campbell, I. C. A Short History of the Pacific Islands.  University of California Press, Los Angeles, CA, 1999.

Cannistraro V.P., Historical Dictionary of Fascist Italy, Westfort/London,  1982.

Cannon, John (editor). The Oxford Companion to British History. Oxford University Press, NY, 1997.

Capelli, Adriano. Cronologia e calendario perpetuo: Tavole chronografiche e quadri sinottici per verificare le date storiche dal principio dellE̕ra Cristiana ai giorni nostri, HOEPLI, 1998.

Caratini, Roger. Dictionnaire des personnages de la Révolution, éditions Le Pré aux Clercs, 1988.

Capelotti, Peter J.  The Svalbard Archipelago: American Military and Political Geographies of Spitsbergen and Other Norwegian Polar Territories, 1941-1950. McFarland, 2000

Carr, William. The Origins of the Wars of German Unification.  Longman, NY, 1991.

Carry, Nicholas (vol. 1), Marshall, P.J, (vol. 2), and Porter, Andrew (vol. 3). Oxford History of the British Empire. Oxford University Press, NY, 1999.

Carter, James H.  Creating a Chinese Harbin: Nationalism in an International City, 1916-1932. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, 2002.

Castello-Cortes, Ian (editor) World Reference Atlas. Dorling and Kindersley (DK) Books, NY, 1994.

Castelot, André and Decaux, Alain. Le Grand Dictionnaire de l'Histoire de France,  Librairie Académique Perrin, 1979.

Castro, Jesus. Cronologias Reales del Mundo. (former) Html document, 1998. (

Center for Defense Information. 2001-2003 Military Almanac. CDI, Washington, DC, 2001

Centre Historique des Archives Nationales. Le Personnel de l'administration prèfectorale 1800-1880. Centre Historique des Archives Nationales, Paris. 1998

Chabal, Patrick. History of Postcolonial Lusophone Africa. Indiana University Press, Bloomington, IN, 2002.

Chiasson, Blaine R. Administering the Colonizer: Manchuria's Russians under Chinese Rule, 1918-29. University of British Columbia Press, Vancouver, 2010.

Chandler, David P. A History of Cambodia 3rd ed.  Westview Press, Boulder, CO, 2000.

Chandler, David P. The Tragedy of Cambodian History. Yale University Press, New Haven, CT, 1991.

Chirico,  Francesco. Enciclopedia geopolitica: Leaders ed elezioni degli Stati del Mondo. former Html document. 1998 (

Christensen, Martin K.I., World Wide Guide to Women in Leadership. Html document. Denmark

Cicciomessere, Roberto (editor). Political Resources on the Net. Html document. 1995

Clements, John. Clements' encyclopedia of world governments. Dallas, TX: Political Research, inc., 1974.

Cleveland, William . A History of the Modern Middle East. Westview Press Inc., Boulder, CO, 1994.

Clifton, Daniel (editor). Millennium 20th Century Day by Day. Dorling Kindersley Publishing Inc., NY, 1999.

Clogg, Richard. A Concise History of Greece. 2nd ed. Cambridge University Press, NY, 1992.

Coe, Nancy C. Outer Baldonia Struggles For Its Fishy Place As A Somewhat Emergent Nation,  Sports Illustrated. 18 Sept. 1967.

Collier, Simon and Sater, William F. A History of Chile 1808-1994.  Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK. 1996.

Connolly, S.J. (editor). The Oxford Companion to Irish History. Oxford University Press, NY, 1998.

Constant, Pierre.  Galapagos a Natural History Guide, 6th ed. Odyssey Press. 2002.

Cook, Chris.  British Historical Facts 1760-1830.  Archon Books. Hamden, CT. 1980.

Cook, Chris. British Historical Facts 1830-1900. Saint Martin’s Press, NY, 1975.

Cook, Chris. World Political Almanac: From 1945 to the Present (4th ed.). Facts on File Inc., Checkmark Books, NY, 2001.

Coombs, Cindy and Slann, Martin. Encyclopedia of Terrorism. Facts on File Inc., Checkmark Books , NY. 2003.

Cornevin, Robert. Histoire du Dahomey, Berger-Levrault, Paris, France 1962.

Craig, Gordon A. Germany 1866-1945. Oxford University Press, NY, 1978.

Craig, Robert and King, Frank (editors) Historical Dictionary of Oceania.  Greenwood Press, Westport, CT. 1981.

Craton, Michael. A History of the Bahamas 3rd ed. San Salvador Press, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada. 1986.

Crawford, Donald , Crawford Rosemary. Michael and Natasha: The Life and Love of Michael II, the Last Romanov Tsars. Post Road Press, NY, 1997.

Crystal, David (editor). The Cambridge Biographical Encyclopedia 2nd ed. Cambridge Univ. Press, NY, 1998.

Current, Richard N. (editor). The Encyclopedia of the Confederacy.Simon & Schuster Macmillan, NY, 1998.

da Graca, John V. Heads of State and Government. New York University Press, NY, 1985

da Graca, John V. Heads of State and Government, 2nd ed. St. Martin's Press, NY, 2000.

Darden, Thomas. U.S. Navy Administration of the Government of American Samoa 1900-1951. U.S. Department of the Navy, 1951.

Davidson, Edward, and Manning, Paul. Chronology of World War II. Cassel and Co. , London, UK. 1999.

de Launay, Jacques. Histoires secrètes de la Belgique : 1935-1945. Paris : A. Moreau, 1975.

de Rey, Joaquín de Salas Vara. Historical and Political Maps of the Modern Age.  Html document. c. 1997.

De Zarate, Roberto Ortiz. Political Leaders 1945 - .  Html document. circa 1997.

Derksen, Wilfried. Info on Elections Around the World. Html (former) document 1990's-2000's (

Development Bank of Southern Africa. SATBVC Countries Statistical Abstracts 1989.  South Africa, 1989.

Development Bank of Southern Africa. Statistical Abstracts on self-governing territories in South Africa 1987. South Africa, 1987.

Diehl-Thiele, Peter.  Partei und Staat im Dritten Reich.  Munchen: Verlag C.H. Beck, 1969. 

Doortmont, Michel and Smit, Jinna. Sources for the mutual history of Ghana and the Netherlands: an annotated guide to the Dutch archives relating to Ghana and West Africa in the Nationaal Archief, 1593-1960s. Brill, 2007.

Duffy, John and Hand, Samuel.  The Vermont Encyclopedia. University Press of New England, 2003.

Duggan, Christopher. A Concise History of Italy. Cambridge University Press, NY, 1994.

Dunca, Andrew and Opatowski, Michael. Trouble Spots The World Altas of Strategic Information.
Sutton Publishing, Gloucestershire, UK, 2001.

Dunn, D. Elwood; Beyan Amos; and Burrowes, Carl Patrick. Historical Dictionary of Liberia, 2nd ed., The Scarecrow Press, Lanham, MD, 2000.

Dupuy, Trevor N., Johnson, Curt, and Bongard, David L. (editors). The Harper Encyclopedia of Military Biography. Castle Books, Edison, NJ, 1995.

Eason, W.J.E. A Short History of Rotuma. Government Printers, Suva, Fiji, 1951. 

Eftihios Gavriel (Editor), Matthias Kappler (Editor), Michalis N. Michael . Ottoman Cyprus: A Collection of Studies on History and Culture, Harrassowitz Verlag, 2009.

Egan, Eward W.; Hintz, Constance B.; Wise, L. F. (editors). Kings, Rulers, and Statesmen.  Sterling Pub. Co. Inc., NY, 1976.

Egerton, Robert B. The Fall of the Asante Empire. The Free Press, NY, 1995.

Eicher, John. Civil War High Commands. Stanford University Press, Stanford, CA, 2001.

Ellis, C.H. The British Intervention In Transcaspia 1918 -1919University of California Press, Berkeley, CA,  1963.

Encyclopaedia Britannica.  Encyclopaedia Britannica Almanac 2003, 2003. Chicago, US .

Esdaile, Charles. Spain in the Liberal Age From Constitution to Civil War,  1808-1936. Blackwell Publishers, Malden, MA, 2000.

Europa Publications  Limited. The  Europa  World  Year  Book,  Volumes I and  II,  38th  Edition, London,  England, 1997.

Evans, Grant. The Politics of Ritual and Remembrance Laos Since 1945.  University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, HA, 1998.

Evans, Grant. A Short History of Laos: The Land in Between.  Allen & Unwain. Crows Nest, New South Wales, Australia, 2002.

Esterhuysen, P.W. Southern Africa: An interstate comparison of certain salient features.  Africa Institute of South Africa and Development Bank of Southern Africa, 1989.

Famighetti, Robert (editor). The World Almanac and Book of Facts 1999. World Almanac Books, Mahwah, NJ, 1998.

Fausto, Boris. A Concise History of Brazil.  Cambridge University Press, NY, 1999.

Fay, Peter W. The Forgotten War: India's Armed Struggle for Independence 1942-1945.  University of Michigan Press, Ann Arbor, MI. 1993.

Ference, Gregory C. Chronology of 20th Century Eastern European History.  Gale Research Inc., Detroit, MI, 1994.

Fierro, Alfred; Palluel-Guillard, Andre; and Tullard, Jean. Histoire et Dictionnaire du Consulat et de l'Empire. Bouquins, Editions Robert Laffont, S.A., Paris, 1995.

Flags of the World (FOTW). Html document.

Flannigan,  Antigua and the Antiguans: a Full Account of the Colony and Its Inhabitants,  Saunders and Otley, London, 1844.

Fol J. J., Accession de la Finlande à l'indépendance 1917 - 1919 Paris, 1977.

Forsyth, James. A History of the Peoples of Siberia. Cambridge, 1992.

Frederic, Louis.  Japan Encyclopedia. Belknap Press of Harvard University, Cambridge, MA. 2002.

Freeman, Michael.  A Guide to Northern Thailand and the Ancient Kingdom of Lanna.  Amarin Printing and Publishing Public Co. Ltd., Bangkok, Thailand. 2000

Frewen, Lord Walter.  Goree: A Lost Possession of England.  Transactions of the Royal Historical Society, New Series, Vol. 11 (1897), pp. 139-152.

Friedman, Benjamin. The World Nuclear Arsenals, Center for Defense Information. Html document, 2002.

Furet, Francois. Revolutionary France 1770-1880.  Blackwell Publishing, Malden, MA, 1992.

Galea-Naudi, Joseph. Malta's Timeline: A Handbook of Maltese Chronology, ed. Raymond M. Cassar. Laga Co. Ltd., Malta, 1989.

Ganse, Alexander.  World History at KMLA.  Html document, 2006.

Garcia, Alex S. Rulers of the World.  Html (former) document. 1998.

Gastman, Albert. Historical Dictionary of the French and Netherlands Antilles. Scarecrow Press, Metuchen, NJ, 1978.

Gimon, Charles A. Sejarah Indonesia. html document, 1996.

Goodman, David S.G. China's Provincial Leaders, 1949-1985 vol. 1 Directory. Humanities Press International, Atlantic Highlands NJ, 1986.

Gowlland-Debbas, Vera. Collective Response to Illegal Acts in International Law: United Nations Action in. the Question of Southern Rhodesia, M. Nijhoff, Boston, U.S. 1990.

Gordon, Bruce. Regnal Chronologies. HTML document, USA, 1997.

Gourdin, Philippe. Tabarka : histoire et archéologie d'un préside espagnol et d'un comptoir génois en terre africaine (XVe-XVIIIe siècle), École Française de Rome, Rome, 2008.

Great Britain. Public Record Office. Colonial Office Records: List of Documents in the Public Record Office [relating to Colonial Matters], on 1st July 1876. H.M. Stationery Office, 1876.

Grossman, James and Durkin Keating, Ann. Encyclopedia of Chicago. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, 2004.

Guarducci, Anna.  Orbetello e i Presidios, Centro Editoriale Toscano (CET), Florence, Italy, 2000.

Guiffan, Jean. Les Cahiers de l'Histoire n°64, les élections françaises de 1789 à nos jours, Frace, 1967.

Gurney, Gene. Kingdoms of Europe: an Illustrated encyclopedia of the ruling monarchs from ancient times to the present.  Crown Publishers, NY, 1982.

Gurney, Gene. Kingdoms of Asia, Middle East and Africa.  Crown Publishers, NY, 1986.

Halfdanarson, Gudmundur.  Historical Dictionary of Iceland.  The Scarecrow Press Inc., Lanham, MD, 1997.

Hamilton, Charles.  Leaders and Personalities of the Third Reich.  San Jose:  R James Bender Publishing, 1984. 

Hamm, William A, and Thomas, Harrison C. Modern Europe. Henry Hot and Co. Inc, NY, 1940.

Harper Collins (publishers). The Times Atlas of European History.  Times Books, NY, 1994.

Hasquin, Hervé (dir). La Belgique française: 1792-1815. Bruxelles: Crédit communal, 1993.

Hastings, Max. The Battle for the Falklands. W.W. Norton & Co., NY, 1983.

Hartog, Johan, and Verleun, J.A.  Aruba Past and Present: From the Time of the Indians until Today
D. J. DeWit, Oranjestad, Aruba, 1961. 

Haythornthwaite, Philip J. The Napoleonic Sourcebook. Arms & Armour Press, London, 1995.

Haythornthwaite, Philip J. The World War I Sourcebook. Arms & Armour Press, London, 1999.

Headland, Robert K. The Island of South Georgia, Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge, UK, 1984.

Headland, Robert K. Chronological List of Antarctic Expeditions and Related Historical Events, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 1989.

Heimer, Zeljko.  The Flags and Arms of the Modern Era (FAME). Html document, Croatia, 1996.

Healy, Donald and Orenski, Peter. Native American Flags.  University of Oklahoma Press, Norman, OK., 2003.

Hendrick, Basil C. and Hendrick, Ameck. Historical Dictionary of Panama. Scarecrow Press, Metuchen, NJ, 1970.

Henige, David P. Colonial Governors 15th Century to the Present. University of Wisconsin Press, Madison, WI, 1970.

Henige, David.  Princely States of India a Guide to Chronology and Rulers. Orchid Press, Bangkok, Thailand, 2004.

Hennessey, Thomas. A History of Northern Ireland.  St. Martin’s Press, NY, 1997.

Hess, Ulrich.  Geheimer Rat und Kabinett in den Ernestinischen Staaten Thüringens. Weimar, 1962.

Hickey, D. J. and Doherty, J. E.  A Dictionary of Irish History Since 1800.  Gill and Macmillian Ltd., Totowa, NJ, 1981.

Hilkens, Bob. States and Regents of the World.  former Html document.  2000-2009 (

Hill, Brian H. W. Canada Chronology and Factbook.  Oceana Publications Inc., Dobbs Ferry, NY, 1973.

Hill, George. History of Cyprus. (4 vols.) London: Cambridge University Press, 1940-1952. 

Hill, Richard Leslie. A Biographical Dictionary of the Sudan, Psychology Press, 1967.

Hirschfelder, Arlene & Kreipe de Montano, Martha.  The Native American Almanac, Macmillan, NY, 1993.

Hoetink, H. Encyclopedie van de Nederlandse Antillen.  Elsevier Nederland N.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 1969.

Hoffkes, Karl. Hitlers Politische Generale:  Der Gauleiter des Dritten  Reiches.  Tubingen:  Grabert-Verlag, 1986. 

Holli, M. G. & Jones, Peter, Biographical Dictionary of American Mayors 1820-1890, Greenwood Press, 1981.

Hook, Brian  (editor). The Cambridge Encyclopedia of China. Cambridge University Press, NY. 1992.

Hooker, Virginia Matheson. A Short History of Malaysia: Linking East and West.  Allen & Unwain. Crows Nest, New South Wales, Australia, 2003.

Hopf, Carl. Chroniques Gréco-Romanes inédites ou peu connues publiées avec notes et tables généalogiques
Paris/Berlin, 1873.

Hourani, Albert. A History of the Arab Peoples. Warner Books, NY, 1991.

Hovannisian, Richard G. Armenian People from Ancient to Modern Times, vol. 1 and 2. St Martin's Press,
NY. 1997.

Hunter, Janet. Concise Dictionary of Modern Japanese History. Univ. of California Press, Los Angeles, CA, 1984.

International Institute for Strategic Studies. The Military Balance 2002-2003. Oxford University Press, London, UK.  2002.

Isichei, Elizabeth. A History of African Societies to 1870.  Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 1997.

Israel, Jonathan. The Dutch Republic: Its Rise, Greatness, and Fall 1477-1806.  Clarendon Press, Oxford University, UK, 1998.

Iwapanska, Alicja. Exiled Governments: Spanish and Polish. Schenkman Publishing Co. Inc., Cambridge, MA, 1981.

Jackson A. The Faroes, London, 1991.

Jackson, Alvin. Ireland 1798-1998.  Blackwell Publishing, Malden, MA, 1999.

Jackson, E.L. St. Helena: The Historic Island From Its Discovery To The Present Date. Ward Locke & Co. Ltd., New York, NY, 1903.

Jackson, Kenneth, editor.  Encyclopedia of New York City.  Yale University Press, New Haven, CT, 1995.

Jesenský, Marcel. The Slovak–Polish Border, 1918-1947. Palgrave Macmillan, 2014.

Jones, Colin. Cambridge Illustrated History: France.  Cambridge University Press, NY, 1994.

Jover, Rafael. Juan Fernandez, Historia verdadera de la Isla de Robinson Crusoe, Santiago, Chile. 1883.

Jurado, C.C., Resistance Warfare : Resistance and Collaboration in Western Europe 1940 - 1945, London, 1985.

Jussila, Osmo (1st author); Hentila, Seppo (2nd author); Nevakivi, Jukka (3rd author). From Grand Duchy to a Modern State: A Political History of Finland Since 1809.  Hurst and Co., London, UK. 1995.

 Kallenbach, Joseph and Jessamine.  American State Governors, 1776-1976, vol. 1- Electoral and Personal Data.
Oceana Pub.,  1977.

Karlsson, Gunnar. The History of Iceland. University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis, MN, 2000.

Katcher, Philip. The Civil War Sourcebook. Facts on File Inc., NY, 1982.

Keegan, John. The Second World War. Viking Penguin, NY, 1990.

Keegan, John (editor). Atlas of the Second World War.  Times Books, NY, 1997.

Kendall, David. National Html document, 2000.

Kern, Robert W. (editor). Historical Dictionary of Modern Spain 1700-1988.
Greenwood Press, NY 1990.

Kestenbaumn, Lawrence.  Political Graveyard. Html document, Ann Arbor, MI, USA. 1996.

Kiminas, Demetrius. The Ecumenical Patriarchate: A History of Its Metropolitanates with Annotated Hierarch Catalogs, 2009.

Kirby, David. The Baltic World 1772-1993.  Longman, NY, 1995.

Kirk-Greene, A.J.  A Biographical Dictionary of British Colonial Service 1939-1966.  Hans Zell Publishing, NY, 1991.

Kirschbaum, Stanislav. A Short History of Slovakia.  St. Martin’s Griffin, NY, 1995.

Kitchen, Martin. Cambridge Illustrated History: Germany. Cambridge University Press, NY, 1996.

Klipsan Press. Election Notes: Daily International News of Elections. Html (former) document, 1996 (

Kobler, Giovanni. Memorie per la storia della Liburnica città di Fiume: Vol. 1-3, Fiume, 1896.

Kolinski, Charles J. Historical Dictionary of Paraguay. Scarecrow Press, Metuchen, NJ, 1973.

Kossmann, E.H. The Low Countries 1780-1940. Oxford, 1978.

Kotturan, George. Himalayan Gateway: History of Sikkim, Sterling Pub., New Delhi, 1983.

Krause, Chester L.; Mishler, Clifford; and Bruce, Collin II (editors). Standard Catalog of World Coins 17th ed., Krause Publications, Iola, WI, 1991.

Kurian,George T., et. al. A Historical Guide to the U.S. Government, Oxford University Press, New York,  US, 1998.

Kuscinski, A. Dictionnaire des conventionnels. Brueil-en-Vexin: Ed. du Vexin français, 1973 (reprod. anastaltique de l'éd. Paris : Société de l'Histoire de la Révolution française et F. Rieder, 1916).

Kuykendall, Ralph S. The Hawaiian Kingdom (vols 1 and 2). University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, HA, 1938.

Kuyok Abol Kuyok. South Sudan: The Notable Firsts. AuthorHouse, Sep. 2015.

Lal, Brij and Fortune, Kate. The Pacific Islands An Encyclopedia.  University of Hawaii Press, 2000.

Lamb, Malcolm. Directory of officials and organizations in China, 3rd ed. East Gate Book, NY, 2003.

Lamb, Richard. War in Italy 1943-45 A Brutal Story. Da Capo Press, NY, 1993.

Lampe, John R. Yugoslavia as History: Twice a Nation. Cambridge University Press, NY, 1996.

Lane, Frederic C. Venice: A Maritime Republic, John’s Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, MD, 1973.

Lapsley, Gaillard Thomas. The county palatine of Durham: a study in constitutional history. Longman Greens & Co., London, 1900.

Larsen, Kay. Guvernører, residenter, kommandanter og chefer, samt enkelte andre fremtrædende personer i de tidligere danske tropekolonier. A. Jensen, København, 1940.

Law, Gwilliam. Administrative Subdivisions of Countries: A Comprehensive World Reference 1900 through 1998. McFarland & Co. Publishers, Jefferson, NC. 1999.

Lawrence, James. Raj: The Making and Unmaking of British India. St. Martin’s Press, NY, 1998.

Lebailly, Andree & Bechet, Roberte. Saint Pierre et Miquelon: Histoire de l'archipel et de sa population, Marquis Press, Montmagny Quebec, Canada, Aug 1888.

Lee, J.L. Ancient supremacy: Bukhara, Afghanistan and the batle for Balkh, 1731-1901.  E J Brill, 1996.

Lee, Ki-baik. A New History of Korea.  Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA, 1984.

Lejeunell, Jean. La Principauté de Liège. Liège : Ed. de l'ASBL Le Grand Liège, 1948.

Lele, P.S. Dadra and Nagar Haveli: past and present, Usha P. Lele, Dadra and Nagar Haveli, India, 1987.

Lemarchand, Rene. Burundi: Ethnic Conflict and Genocide. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK,

Lentz, Harris M. III. Heads of States and Governments A World Wide Encyclopedia of Over 2,300 Leaders 1945-1992. McFarland Co. Inc., Jefferson, NC. 1992.

Lentz, Harris M. III. Encyclopedia of heads of State and Governments 1900 through 1945.  McFarland Co. Inc., Jefferson, NC. 1999.

Lewis, J.D. Carolana, HTML document, 2004.

Lidegaard M., Grønlands Historie, Copenhagen, 1991.

Library of Congress. Country Studies. Federal Research Division, Lanham, MD.

Livezeanu, Irina. Cultural Politics in Greater Romania. Cornell University Press. Ithaca, NY, 1995.

Lomantsov, Viktor, Vexillographia. Html document, Russia

Louda, Jiri  and  Maclagan, Michael , Les  Dynasties  D`Europe,  Heraldique  et  Genealogie  des  Families  Imperials  et  royales,  Preface  de  Son Altesse  Imperilae  et  Royale L`Archiduc  Otto  de  Habsbourg-Lorraine, 1984  Bordas, Paris

Lux, William. Historical Dictionary of the British Caribbean. Scarecrow Press, Metuchen, NJ, 1975.

Lydecker, Robert Colfax.  Roster, legislatures of Hawaii, 1841-1918 : constitutions of monarchy and republic, speeches of sovereigns and President.  Archives of Hawaii, 1918.

MacCartney, C.A.  Hungary and Her Successors: The Treaty of Trianon and Its Consequences, 1919-1937 Oxford,  1937.

MacIntyre, Stuart. A Concise History of Australia. Cambridge University Press, NY, 1999.

Magnus, Ralph H. and Naby, Eden.  Afghanistan. Westview Press, Boulder, CO, 1998.

Magocsi, Paul Robert. A History of Ukraine.  University of Washington, Seattle, WA, 1996.

Mansel, Philip. Constantinople: City of the Worlds Desire 1453-1924. St. Martin’s Press, NY, 1996.

Maring, Ester and Maring, Joel (editors). Historical and Cultural Dictionary of the Philippines.  Scarecrow Press Inc., Metuchen, NJ, 1973.

Marr, James. The History of Guernsey: The Bailiwick's Story.  Phillimore & Co. Ltd., London, UK, 2001.

Marshall, P. J. Cambridge Illustrated History: British Empire.  Cambridge University Press, NY, 1997.

Martin, Walter. Kingdom of the Cults. Bethany House Publishers, Bloomington, MN, 1997.

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   Thank you to all those who have contributed time, material, effort and patience, without you all this web site would not be possible.  Here as a list of those who have contributed information and time to help make World more complete. 

Adams, Robin Eleanor. Clerk to the Legislative Assembly, Norfolk Island.

Alan, Mark. Coral Springs, Florida. US

Alptekin, Erkin.  Interim General Secretary, Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization.

Andersson, Mikael. World War I, Sweden, former Hml document (

Andrianantoanina, Gilbert.  Chargé of Information, Indian Ocean Commission. Port Louis, Mauritius.

Aning, Kwaku. Director, Secretariat of the Policy-making Organs. International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA).  Vienna, Austria.

Archives D'Etat de Genève. Geneva, Switzerland.

Aretz, Tilman. author, researcher.  Taipei, Taiwan.

Arrechea, Fernando. Spain

Ashby, David.  Royal Naval Historical Office, London, UK.

Ashe, Robert. Office of the Mayor of Atlanta. Atlanta, GA, US.

Avila, Solange. Library Bureau of the International Postal Union. Bern, Switzerland.

Avizius, Andrius. International Department of Lithuanian Parliament. Vilnius, Lithuania.

Ballendorf, Dirk, Professor University of Guam. Agana, Guam.

Barbor, Kenneth, Rear Admiral. Director, International Hydrographic Organization, Monaco.

Barlow, Joel.

Bates, Prince Michael, Sealand.

Beaulieu, Alexandre Information and Media Relations Division, World Trade Organization, Geneva, Switzerland.

Beaumont, Michael. Seigneur of Sark. Sark, Channel Islands, UK.

Bellafaire, Judy. Chief Historian, United States Women in the Military Memorial. Arlington, VA.

Berg, Lars. Ekero, Sweden.

Berry, Bruce. South African Development Bank, Johannesburg, South Africa.

Bevilacqua, Silvia.  Information ministry, Sovereign Military Order of Malta, Rome, Italy.

Billot, Mary. Librarian. Societe Jersiaise. St Hellier, Jersey, Channel Islands, UK

Blink, Vilmante. Permanent Court of Arbitration. The Hague, Netherlands.

Blizard, Anneke.  Walvis Bay Museum. Walvis Bay, Namibia

Boëdec, Erwan. Brittany, France.

Bodrogligeti, Andrew. Arlington, VA, USA.

Boel, Jens. Chief Archivist and coordinator of the UNESCO History Project, UNESCO.

Bogdan, Helen. Office of  Public Affairs, Nauru.

Bonnard, Brian, historian, Alderney, Channel Islands, UK

Borg, George.  Ministry for Gozo, Malta.

Bavo Nieto, Antonio. Asociación de Estudios Melillenses, Melilla, Spain

Breschi, Roberto. Bandiere. Italy

Bristow, Michael Jamieson. author "National Anthems of the World",  Norway.

Burgess, Michael, professor and  author. 

Burton, Todd, LTC. Military Assistant OASD-HDASA, Arlington, VA.

Busby, Grant.  Press Officer Communications Service, World Customs Organization. Brussels, Belgium.

Button, Wendy.  Office of the Governor-general, Canberra, Australia.

Buyers, Christopher. Royal Ark

Cadenhead, Natalie.  Information Services Specialist Antarctica New Zealand, New Zealand.

Calhoun, Zennia.  Assistant Archivist Mobile Municipal Archives. Mobile, AL.

Cameron, James, Archivist.  Falkland Islands Museum.  Stanley, Falkland Islands.

Canela, Montserrat. Senior Archivist. United Nations High Commission for Refugees, Geneva, Switzerland.

Carlsen, Terje. Office of the Sysselmannen.  Langyearbyen, Svalbard, Norway.

Carr, Tim and Paluine.  South Georgia Museum. Grytviken, South Georgia and the South Shetland Islands.

Cernohorsky, Timo. Germany

Christensen, Martin K.I. Women in Governments. html document. Denmark.

Clifford, Cherie.  Personal Assistant Legislative Department.  Stanley, Falkland Islands.

Corlett, David.  Chief Secretary’s Office, Office of the Lieutenant-governor, Douglas, Isle of Man, UK.

Cooks, Karin. Policy Section, Non Self governing Territories & Regional Support Division, Department of Transportation and Regional Services, Canberra, Australia.

Curlin, James S. Paris, France.

da Graca, John V.  professor, author. U.S.

Dancoisne-Martineau, Michel. Representative and Conservator of the French Possessions on Saint Helena, St. Helena

de Boissieu, Laurent. France Politique, France.

Delvalle,  Kim. Unrepresented Nations and Peoples and Organization.

de Trentinian, Jacques. France.

Deutschmann, Jérôme. External communication service, Universal Postal Union

de Leva, Paola. Member Relations and Protocol Assistant, External Affairs. International Fund for Agricultural Development  (IFAD).

de Zarate, Roberto Ortiz. Political Leaders 1945 -.  Html document. Spain, c.1997.

Dignan, James. Dunedin, New Zealand. 

Di Pietro, Giuseppina.  Italian Foreign Ministry Library. Rome, Italy.

Doran, Peter.  Chief - Information and Publishing Services Section, Bureau of Land Management. Denver, Colorado.

Dore, Gail.  Acting Chief Curator. Nevis Historical and Conservation Society. Charlestown, Nevis, Saint Kitts and Nevis.

Duric, Predrag. Member of Assembly of Autonomous Province of Vojvodina. Novi Sad, Vojvodina, Serbia.

Dzyuba, Sergey V., Mariupol, Ukraine.

Edwards, Brook S. Adjunct Professor, Southern State Community College.

Eidenert, Asa. Manager of Documents, Nordic Council secretariat. Copenhagen, Denmark.

Eldrige, Robert. Toronto, New South Wales, Australia.

Ellis, Noel.

Fabien, Antoine. Université de Strasbourg. Strasburg, France.

Fandos, Juan, Spain.

Farró Llorella, Pere.  Barcelona, Spain.

Fetzer, John. US

Field, Addison. Curator of Collections Juneau-Douglas City Museum.  Juneau, Alaska, U.S.

Fredriksson, Kristina.  The Nordic Council. Copenhagen, Denmark.

Freland, Barbo. Head of governments' secretary, Office of the Head of Government of the Autonomous Aland Islands. Marienheim, Aland, Finland.

Frey, Beatrice.  Head, Bureau of the Secretary-general.  International Organization for Standardization (ISO), Geneva, Switzerland.

Frost, Roger.  Manager of Communication Services, International Organization for Standardization (ISO), Geneva, Switzerland.

Furcy, Maria.  External Affairs/Membership. International Telecommunications Union (ITU).

Gajosinskas, Andrej. 

Gallienne, Elizabeth. Research Assistant, Priaulx Library, St. Peter Port, Guernsey, Channel Islands, UK.

Ganse, Alexander. World History at KMLA, South Korea.

Godfrey, Jenny. Librarian Foreign & Commonwealth Office, Public & Historical Enquiries Team, London, UK.

Godwin, Mary. Director Porthcurno Telegraph Museum & Archive, Porthcurno, Cornwall, UK.

Golan, Ariel.  International Labor Organization, ILO Library. Geneva, Switzerland.

Gómez Barceló, José Luis. Cronista Oficial Archivo General de Ceuta. Ceuta, Spain.

Grant, Marcia. Office of the Mayor of Charleston, South Carolina.

Green, Cynthia. Private Secretary to the Administrator, Tristan da Cunha.

Grinzato-Gambula, Elisabetta. Associate Coordinator European Representative Office. Asian Development Bank. Frankfurt am Main, Germany.

Halama Stanislav. Prague, Czech Republic.

Ham, Claudia.  Head of Publications Department, Federal Military Museum. Vienna, Austria.

Hammami, Ousama. University of Aleppo. Aleppo, Syria.

Hanson, Vicky. office of the Library/Public Affairs, World Meteorological Organization.

Harrington, Holly. office of Public Affairs, Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Rockville, MD.

Haworth, Malcolm. Washington State, US

Heimer, Zeljko.  Flags and Arms of the Modern Era. Croatia.

Helke, Jill. Executive Officer, Office of the Director General of International Organization for Migration. Geneva, Switzerland.

Hey, Jacobo. Governor, Easter Island, Chile.

Heywood, Heather. Library and Archives Service International Telecommunication Union (ITU). Geneva, Switzerland.

Hilkens, Bob. States and Regents of the World.  former Html document. Belgium, 2000-2009 (

Holman, Joshua.

Huiskers, Herman.

Hutton, Ian. Lord Howe Island Council, Australia.

Jackson, Andrew. Manager, Antarctic Treaty and Government Section Australian Antarctic Division. Kingston, Tasmania, Australia.

Jain, Vaibhav. New Delhi, India.

Johansen, Carina. Human Resources, Store Norske Spitsbergen Kulkompani (SNSK), Norway.

Johnson, Christina. Foreign and Commonwealth Office. London, United Kingdom.

Jones, Beti Morgan. Assistant Librarian, Department of Printed Books, Welsh National Library, Aberystwyth, Wales, UK.

Jones, J. Graham. Assistant Archivist, The Welsh Political Archive Department of Manuscripts and Records, Welsh National Library. Aberystwyth, Wales, UK.

Junod, Suzanne. Historian, Food & Drug Administration. Rockville, MD.

Kangro, Erki. Estonia.

Katoch, Aishwarya.  Kangra royal family. New Delhi, India.

Kiminas, Dimitris, Greece.

Kariyasu, Nozomi, Japan.

Kleiber, Eleanor. Librarian, Secretariat of the Pacific Community. Noumea, New Caledonia.

Kock, Sidney. Press officer, Aruban Government, Oranjestad, Aruba.

Kolmos, Hroar. Office of the Danish High Commissioner of the Faroe Islands, Torshavn, Faroe Islands, Denmark.

Kopp, Marianne.  Press Office, Universal Postal Union, Switzerland.

Kormendy, Nicolette. Public Affairs Officer Torres Strait Regional Authority (TSRA), Commonwealth Government of Australia. Canberra, Australia.

Koutsoukos, Stamatios. Athens, Greece. 

Kortlang, Diederick. National Archives of The Netherlands.

Kullberg, Henrik. Finland.

Kunde, Alexander. Saxony, Germany.

Kurzeja, Krzysztof Pawel hrabia, (Christopher Paul, Count Kurzeja), Poland.

Kariyasu, Nozomi. Japan.

Labrie, Andre. Quebec Ministry of Culture & Communications, Quebec, Canada.

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Laurence, Lisa. BORDERS Books and Music. Arlington, VA.

Laursen, Peter. Denmark.

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Linati-Bosch, Jose A. Ambassador to UN, Sovereign Military Order of Malta. New York, NY

Lithuanian Embassy, Public Affairs Office. Washington, DC

Long, Daniel. Associate Professor Japanese Language and Literature Dept., Tokyo Metropolitan University,  Japan.

Lundh, Jacob P.  author of The Galapagos a Brief History, 2001.

Macrae, Ibrahim.  Information Officer, Cocos (Keeling) Islands Shire Council.  West Island, Cocos Islands.

Mackenzie, Louis. London, U.K.

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Maxson, Michael S. MAX/RAD Communications Inc. Toledo, OH.

Mazaheri, Houman. Australia 

McMeekin, John Duncan. Silgo, Ireland. 

Meyer, Henk,  Netherlands.

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Mitchell, Don. CBE QC, Anguilla.

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O'Brien, Mary.  Self-Governing Territories Section, Department of Transport and Regional Services, Canberra, Australia.

Ochoa-Gonzalez, Alejandro. Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico.

Ogink, Freek. Netherlands.

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Ottelin, Hans, Chancellor, Department of Press and Cultural Affairs, Ministry for Foreign Affairs, Helsinki, Finland.

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Oyo, Akira. Taipei, Taiwan.

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Pappas, Nicholas. Castellorizo Forum  Sydney, Australia.

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Patronov, Alexander. St. Petersburg, Russia.

Pedersen, Bjarne E., Deputy High Commissioner. Office of the Danish High Commissioner of Greenland. Nuuk (Godthab), Greenland (Kaalliat Nunnat).

Pequita, Scott.  National Maritime Administration, Washington, D.C.

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Phimister, Ian, Professor. Department of History Oxford University, London, UK. 

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Quintal, Joe.  Environment Officer, Administration of Norfolk Island, Kingston, Norfolk Island.

Raeside, Rob. Flags of the World, New Brunswick, Canada.

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Sabatini, Joe.  Albuquerque Public Library, Albuquerque, NM.

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Schaaf, Elaine.  Mayors' Council of Guam. Hagatna, Guam.

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Soszynski, Henry. Genealogical Gleanings, Australia.

Spreitzer, Irene. Press and Information Services, City of Vienna, Austria.

Stellwag, P. Thomas B. Austria

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